Census Profile, 2016 Census
Moncton [Population centre], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Moncton
New Brunswick
[Population centre]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Moncton [Population centre], New Brunswick  Map : Moncton [Population centre], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 108,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 103,926 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 47,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 984.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 110.35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 108,625 52,330 56,295 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 17,245 8,875 8,375 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 5,510 2,845 2,670 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 6,030 3,060 2,970 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 5,710 2,975 2,735 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 72,840 35,495 37,345 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 5,890 2,985 2,905 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 7,435 3,620 3,815 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 7,290 3,595 3,695 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 7,465 3,640 3,825 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 7,465 3,630 3,835 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 7,770 3,740 4,035 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 7,420 3,675 3,750 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 8,050 3,900 4,150 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 7,360 3,535 3,825 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 6,680 3,170 3,505 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 18,540 7,965 10,575 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 6,050 2,795 3,260 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 4,355 1,965 2,390 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 3,095 1,375 1,725 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 2,380 955 1,430 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 2,655 880 1,775 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,555 545 1,005 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 850 275 575 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 220 55 170 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 25 0 25 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.9 17.0 14.9 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.1 67.8 66.3 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 17.1 15.2 18.8 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.2 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 41.1 39.9 42.3 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 41.0 39.7 42.1 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 47,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 22,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 22,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 5,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 47,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 14,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 17,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 106,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 91,380 43,455 47,920 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 51,620 25,765 25,860 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 39,580 19,765 19,815 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 12,040 6,000 6,040 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 39,755 17,695 22,065 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 25,685 13,335 12,355 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 3,270 1,340 1,935 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 5,620 1,985 3,630 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 5,175 1,035 4,140 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 17,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 25,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 19,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 6,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 13,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 11,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,320 10,265 12,055 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 47,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 29,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 17,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 14,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,215 51,700 55,515 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 50,855 25,460 25,395 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 3,635 1,725 1,910 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 52,150 24,225 27,925 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 575 290 285 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,210 51,700 55,515 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 67,095 32,745 34,350 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 38,565 18,175 20,385 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 1,005 500 505 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 545 275 270 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 39,065 18,430 20,640 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 36.4 35.6 37.2 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,210 51,695 55,515 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 104,835 50,550 54,285 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 100,070 48,100 51,970 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 62,275 30,355 31,920 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 37,800 17,740 20,050 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 4,765 2,450 2,315 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 30 10 15 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 15 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 0 0 0 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 25 10 10 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,730 2,440 2,300 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 905 525 385 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 25 15 10 40 25 15
Kabyle 10 10 5 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 5 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 880 505 375 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 5 5 0 65 35 25
Arabic 825 485 345 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 35 10 25 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 10 10 5 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 105 130 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 235 110 125 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 315 115 200 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 10 5 5 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 10 0 5 50 15 35
Malagasy 10 5 0 15 5 10
Malay 10 5 5 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 275 105 170 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Creole languages 55 20 35 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 10 5 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 10 30 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 85 50 35 285 155 130
Kannada 0 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 15 10 10 40 15 20
Tamil 20 10 10 105 60 50
Telugu 45 25 15 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 1,445 735 720 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 15 5 5 50 25 25
Armenian 5 5 5 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 260 130 130 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 10 0 5 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 5 0 5 35 15 15
Slavic languages 250 125 125 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 5 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 5 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 5 0 5 20 10 10
Croatian 5 5 0 75 35 40
Czech 10 5 0 55 25 25
Macedonian 5 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 45 20 30 230 105 125
Russian 135 65 65 880 440 435
Serbian 5 5 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 35 15 15 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 10
Welsh 5 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 280 135 145 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 15 10 5 50 30 25
Danish 10 5 5 125 55 75
Dutch 80 45 35 885 470 410
Frisian 5 5 0 35 25 10
German 150 65 85 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 5 0 40 25 20
Swedish 10 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 20 10 10
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 15 10 5 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 275 155 120 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 185 100 85 1,175 655 525
Bengali 35 20 15 205 120 85
Gujarati 25 10 5 75 40 30
Hindi 25 20 10 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 5 0 5 50 20 25
Nepali 5 0 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 5 10 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 0 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 70 40 30 240 140 100
Iranian languages 85 50 35 655 355 305
Kurdish 0 0 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 85 50 35 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 590 285 305 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 140 80 65 400 225 175
Portuguese 50 20 35 260 130 130
Romanian 105 50 55 485 250 240
Spanish 295 135 160 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 35 10 20 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 520 275 250 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 345 195 150 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 55 35 20 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 25 10 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 5 5 0 10 0 0
Igbo 5 0 5 30 20 10
Lingala 10 10 5 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 40 20 20
Shona 15 10 5 20 10 10
Swahili 55 25 25 135 65 70
Wolof 25 15 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10 145 75 70
American Sign Language 10 5 5 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 690 355 330 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 670 345 320 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 125 70 55 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 440 200 240 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 65 10 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 10 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 20 10 10 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 5 5 0 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 20 15 10 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 15 10 5 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 35 20 15 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 5 0 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 30 15 10 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 10
Multiple responses 2,375 1,150 1,230 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 1,835 875 960 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 315 150 160 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 185 100 85 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 45 20 25 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,215 51,700 55,515 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 104,240 50,260 53,985 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 101,505 48,865 52,640 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 70,850 34,485 36,370 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 30,655 14,380 16,275 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 2,735 1,390 1,345 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,735 1,395 1,340 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 625 340 290 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 625 335 285 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 600 330 275 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 10 10 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 5 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 215 105 110 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 210 105 110 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 75 35 40 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 5 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 5 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 35 35 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Creole languages 15 5 10 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 40 25 10 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 5 5 0 20 5 10
Tamil 10 5 0 35 20 20
Telugu 25 20 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 625 305 320 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 5 0 5 30 15 10
Armenian 5 5 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 125 60 65 975 505 470
Baltic languages 5 0 5 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 5 5 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 125 60 65 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 5 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 5 0 5 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 5 55 25 30
Russian 85 45 45 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 10 5 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 5 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 35 15 20 640 320 320
Afrikaans 10 5 5 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 10 0 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 15 5 10 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 5 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 160 85 80 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 105 50 55 655 335 325
Bengali 20 10 10 130 70 60
Gujarati 10 5 5 40 15 20
Hindi 15 10 10 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 5 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 45 20 25 140 75 70
Iranian languages 60 35 25 470 255 220
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 60 35 25 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 285 135 150 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 5 0 5 5 0
Italian 25 15 15 85 40 45
Portuguese 35 10 20 110 50 60
Romanian 75 40 35 290 145 140
Spanish 145 70 80 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 10 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 430 220 210 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 120 65 55 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 20 15 5 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 5 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 5 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 10 5 5 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 5 0 5 5 0 5
Swahili 25 10 15 80 35 45
Wolof 0 5 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 20 10 200 115 85
American Sign Language 10 10 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 530 260 275 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 510 250 265 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 80 40 40 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 5 5 0 0
Mandarin 380 175 210 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 30 10 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 25 15 10
Burmese 5 0 5 5 0 0
Karenic languages 15 5 5 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5 5 5 5
Hungarian 10 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,970 1,445 1,530 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 1,900 865 1,040 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 760 400 355 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 195 110 85 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 115 65 50 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,215 51,700 55,510 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 84,725 41,220 43,505 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 12,310 5,710 6,595 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 8,395 3,860 4,535 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 1,495 740 755 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 30 20 15 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,460 725 740 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 80 40 35 180 90 90
English and non-official language 110 65 50 300 160 145
French and non-official language 95 55 45 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,360 42,540 46,825 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,915 40,680 45,235 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,336 38,846 28,787 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,940 40,685 45,260 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,925 34,144 26,342 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,855 37,890 39,970 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,280 36,773 26,458 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,565 24,990 35,575 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,148 6,439 5,987 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,065 32,650 32,415 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,542 35,841 27,881 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,410 42,470 46,940 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,880 40,545 45,330 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,664 48,342 35,691 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,905 40,550 45,350 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,783 39,524 30,543 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,885 37,770 40,120 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,027 46,917 33,540 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,355 24,855 35,500 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,632 7,570 7,676 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,110 32,470 32,640 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,664 45,497 33,862 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,410 42,470 46,940 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,490 17,485 16,010 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,383 50,817 42,255 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,097 61,735 47,848 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.1 90.3 83.2 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.2 75.1 68.6 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.9 9.7 16.8 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,360 42,540 46,820 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 3,440 1,855 1,585 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 85,915 40,680 45,235 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.1 95.6 96.6 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,110 4,755 6,355 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 14,085 5,105 8,975 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 13,715 5,525 8,185 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 12,030 5,625 6,405 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 10,100 5,065 5,035 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 6,825 3,675 3,160 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 5,070 2,895 2,170 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 3,995 2,155 1,840 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 2,845 1,520 1,325 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 1,735 1,120 615 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 4,415 3,235 1,180 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 3,095 2,225 870 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,320 1,005 310 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,360 42,540 46,820 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 3,420 1,860 1,560 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 85,945 40,685 45,260 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 95.6 96.7 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,570 4,825 6,750 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 15,020 5,545 9,480 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 16,510 6,985 9,520 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 14,775 7,115 7,660 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 10,235 5,425 4,810 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 6,685 3,795 2,890 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,790 2,535 2,255 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 2,435 1,585 845 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 3,925 2,875 1,055 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,305 915 390 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 790 590 205 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 1,830 1,370 460 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,360 42,540 46,820 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 24,300 9,885 14,410 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 65,065 32,650 32,410 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 72.8 76.8 69.2 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,045 3,925 4,120 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 5,475 2,365 3,110 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 8,860 3,870 4,990 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 8,845 3,920 4,925 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 8,235 3,955 4,285 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 6,895 3,480 3,420 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 4,645 2,600 2,050 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 3,800 2,120 1,680 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 3,155 1,620 1,535 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 7,105 4,805 2,300 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 2,255 1,215 1,040 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,420 940 485 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 3,425 2,655 775 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 47,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,121  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,641  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,904  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,514  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 47,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,206  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 47,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 11,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 47,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 7,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,028  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,271  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,481  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,713  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,998  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,404  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,165 9,335 10,830 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,288 30,506 28,344 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,708 27,284 26,192 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,065 9,170 10,890 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,312 37,268 35,506 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,960 31,308 30,668 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 106,590 51,400 55,185 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 59,890 28,115 31,770 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 12,405 5,830 6,570 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 12,055 5,275 6,785 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 11,935 5,650 6,285 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 11,960 5,785 6,175 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 11,535 5,580 5,955 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 46,700 23,285 23,415 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 11,230 5,485 5,740 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 10,975 5,475 5,495 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 10,475 5,190 5,285 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 8,090 4,085 4,010 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 5,930 3,045 2,880 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 106,590 51,400 55,185 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 20,695 10,640 10,050 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 6,680 3,440 3,240 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 68,605 33,180 35,430 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 17,285 7,580 9,705 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,585 7,835 9,745 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 4,550 2,355 2,195 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,690 875 810 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 10,480 4,660 5,820 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 2,550 820 1,730 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.2 17.7 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.0 22.1 21.8 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 25.3 25.4 25.0 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.0 16.4 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 14.8 10.8 17.8 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,540 5,030 5,510 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 2,640 1,365 1,275 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 1,000 515 480 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 7,325 3,495 3,830 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 580 175 405 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.8 10.0 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.7 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.0 14.8 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 10.7 10.5 10.8 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 3.4 2.3 4.2 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 106,645 51,400 55,250 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 106,100 51,125 54,970 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 102,410 49,355 53,060 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 55,475 25,855 29,620 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 7,705 3,955 3,750 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 70 45 25 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 65 40 20 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 60 40 20 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 55 40 20 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,640 3,915 3,720 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,335 785 555 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 45 25 20 80 40 35
Kabyle 35 20 15 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 10 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,315 765 550 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 55 35 25 165 100 65
Arabic 1,205 700 505 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 40 25 15 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 45 20 25 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 280 150 135 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 285 145 135 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 460 205 250 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 40 15 25 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 25 0 25 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 10 0 10 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 440 195 245 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 185 65 125 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 20 0 10 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 135 35 95 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 120 65 55 435 245 195
Kannada 0 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 30 15 15 55 35 25
Tamil 20 15 10 190 115 75
Telugu 65 35 30 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 2,980 1,460 1,515 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 25 15 10 80 45 35
Armenian 10 10 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 285 160 125 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 280 160 120 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 10 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 10 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 10 10 0 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 70 35 30 320 165 160
Russian 175 90 90 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 15 15 0 40 30 10
Slovak 10 10 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 30 20 10 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 20 0 10 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 575 305 265 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 35 20 15 130 70 60
Danish 10 10 0 155 60 95
Dutch 100 55 35 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 395 195 205 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 15 15 10 130 65 65
Swedish 20 15 10 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 10 10 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 10 10 10 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 270 160 115 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 205 120 85 1,570 875 695
Bengali 50 30 15 225 150 80
Gujarati 10 0 10 110 45 65
Hindi 75 45 30 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 10 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 80 50 30 355 215 140
Iranian languages 60 35 25 805 430 375
Kurdish 0 0 0 130 65 60
Pashto 0 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 60 40 25 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,955 890 1,060 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 10 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 255 130 125 825 405 420
Portuguese 130 70 55 450 250 200
Romanian 195 110 85 555 290 265
Spanish 1,465 645 825 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 130 70 60 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 585 290 295 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 780 465 315 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 125 55 70 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 85 70 15 100 85 15
Ga 10 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 10 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 95 80 20 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 70 40 30
Shona 30 10 20 40 15 25
Swahili 180 100 80 355 185 170
Wolof 50 40 15 70 45 25
Yoruba 10 0 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 165 115 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 165 70 95 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 70 30 45 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 810 410 405 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 760 390 375 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 150 80 75 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 555 255 300 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 0 15 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 95 40 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 20 30 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 45 10 30 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 10 0 10 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 45 25 15 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 45 20 15 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 60 25 35 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 10 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 55 20 30 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 106,650 51,400 55,245 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 101,900 48,930 52,970 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,700 10,160 9,535 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 82,205 38,770 43,435 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,745 2,470 2,280 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 106,645 51,395 55,250 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 98,540 47,300 51,240 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,900 3,360 3,535 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 1,660 730 930 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 355 190 160 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 470 270 205 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,700 810 890 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 570 235 335 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,135 575 560 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,715 1,365 1,345 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,205 730 470 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,900 3,365 3,535 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 970 440 525 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,540 770 770 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,190 520 670 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 2,710 1,335 1,380 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 490 295 200 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,900 3,365 3,535 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,415 630 790 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 15 0 15 55 20 30
Colombia 80 35 45 215 85 130
El Salvador 20 20 0 115 85 30
Guyana 40 25 15 80 40 45
Haiti 60 20 45 170 70 100
Jamaica 40 25 15 120 85 40
Mexico 35 15 20 160 50 110
Peru 0 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 10 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 975 435 540 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 145 50 90 715 355 360
Europe 1,800 870 930 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 0 100 55 50
Croatia 10 10 0 60 35 25
France 320 160 160 760 425 340
Germany 175 95 80 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 10 0 10 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 10 25 160 75 85
Italy 80 45 35 210 125 85
Netherlands 55 35 25 975 505 465
Poland 40 15 20 195 90 100
Portugal 15 10 10 130 85 45
Romania 175 100 75 485 245 240
Russian Federation 45 15 30 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 25 15 10 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 605 250 355 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 205 110 90 970 455 515
Africa 1,065 605 455 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 110 55 55 165 90 75
Egypt 20 10 10 120 75 45
Ethiopia 35 25 15 120 65 60
Kenya 0 10 0 60 30 30
Morocco 85 50 40 200 120 75
Nigeria 15 15 10 115 65 50
Somalia 0 10 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 35 25 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 755 430 325 1,615 885 725
Asia 2,615 1,255 1,355 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 20 15 10 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 495 185 310 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 20 25 120 60 55
India 160 90 70 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61 40 25 15 490 260 230
Iraq 10 10 0 70 25 45
Japan