Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 10 5 5 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 5 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 85 40 45 100 50 55
Naskapi 10 5 5 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 315 125 190
Plains Cree 35 5 30 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 15 10 5 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 10 5 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 65 30 35 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 5 0 5 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 5 0 5 660 295 360
Dene 20 10 10 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 50 20 35
Haida 0 5 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 475 165 305 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 425 145 280 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 40 20 20 45 20 20
Mohawk 590 255 335 980 430 555
Oneida 55 15 40 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 25 15 15 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 0 5 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 10 5 5 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 5 5 5 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 880 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 5 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 725 405 320 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 425 225 200 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 250 140 110 805 455 350
Oromo 1,445 720 730 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 365 195 170
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 1,030 485 545 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 595 260 330 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 80 45 40 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 100 45 55 1,430 665 760
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 535 215 315 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 515 230 280 810 385 430
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 1,090 540 550
Welsh 435 180 260 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 530 295 235
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 1,240 630 620 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 210 100 110 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 940 405 540 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 525 280 240
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 345 170 175 565 300 265
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 285 150 135 865 440 425
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 720 380 340
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 1,715 910 805
Georgian 1,200 635 565 1,715 910 805
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 405 180 225 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 140 60 80 1,535 815 720
Edo 1,140 475 670 1,670 770 900
Ewe 560 270 295 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 600 275 325 920 445 470
Ganda 760 360 400 1,295 625 665
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 850 365 485 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 1,455 660 790 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 290 145 150 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 345 170 175 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 855 405 450 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 1,640 775 865 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 80 35 55
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 515 255 260 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 10 10 5 10 5 5
Naskapi 10 5 5 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 330 140 190
Woods Cree 5 5 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 5 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 5 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 5 0 5 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 165 75 90
Inuktitut 140 60 80 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 285 135 155
Cayuga 5 5 5 10 0 5
Mohawk 185 80 100 255 115 140
Oneida 20 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 5 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 5 0 5 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 5 5 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 345 175 170 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 255 125 130 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 170 80 85 620 330 285
Oromo 805 380 425 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 185 85 95
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 555 250 305 735 335 400
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 1,090 505 580 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 90 35 55 290 140 155
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 15 10 10 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 35 15 20 435 220 210
Malay 1,810 860 945 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 90 40 50 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 1,060 540 520 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 860 350 515 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 175 80 90 230 105 120
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 670 310 360
Celtic languages 120 65 55 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 185 105 80
Welsh 30 10 15 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 80 50 30
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 755 365 390 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 280 135 150 855 410 445
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 90 45 45 185 95 90
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 45 20 30 270 120 150
Norwegian 70 30 40 345 145 200
Swedish 385 190 190 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 355 170 185
Yiddish 370 190 185 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 1,625 820 810
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 65 30 35 135 70 70
Konkani 540 260 280 720 355 370
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 135 60 75 355 165 190
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 180 85 95
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 1,040 565 475
Georgian 775 420 355 1,035 565 475
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 910 440 470
Mongolian 230 120 110 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 25 15 15 340 180 160
Edo 305 120 180 415 175 240
Ewe 135 60 80 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 825 400 425
Ga 175 80 100 250 105 140
Ganda 195 85 110 345 160 185
Igbo 540 265 275 1,000 485 510
Lingala 225 100 130 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 1,530 670 865
Shona 455 210 245 1,035 475 560
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 130 65 65 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 120 60 65 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 265 115 145 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 1,010 480 530 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 1,315 615 695 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 30 15 15
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 1,245 640 610
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 290 150 140 610 315 290
Uzbek 585 290 295 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 455 230 225
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 790 290 500 975 365 610
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 2,080 1,075 1,010
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 15 15 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 10 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 145 70 75 195 80 115
Naskapi 25 10 10 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 545 225 320
Plains Cree 105 50 50 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 45 25 25 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 20 20 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 205 95 105 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 10 0 10 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 10 0 10 1,150 535 610
Dene 45 20 30 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 10 0 10 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 10 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 840 320 525 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 730 285 445 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 120 35 85 125 40 85
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 180 55 125 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 180 65 110 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 10 0 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 10 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 565 295 270
Siouan languages 40 10 30 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 20 10 10 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 10 0 10 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 925 505 415 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 530 280 255 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 355 200 160 1,085 625 470
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 480 220 265
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 1,310 660 645 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 755 340 425 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 110 40 65 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 215 115 100 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 565 245 320 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 685 300 390 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 1,655 820 835 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 285 130 155 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 600 300 300 905 490 420
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 515 275 240 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 1,555 770 785 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 515 225 285 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 385 195 185 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 880 435 445 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 1,340 645 695 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 1,225 550 675 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 730 355 375 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 415 220 200 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 810 330 480 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 115 50 65
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 700 350 345 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 9,730 5,375 4,355

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Ontario [Province] and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 16, 2017).

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