Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Disposable income for the MBM

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: September 13, 2017


The disposable income for the Market Basket Measure (MBM) is an income concept developed by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) for comparing against the MBM thresholds.

The disposable income for the MBM is the amount of income available to an economic family or a person not in an economic family to purchase goods and services. It is derived by deducting income taxes and non-discretionary spending for the MBM from total income.

For units in households that own a dwelling without a mortgage, the mortgage-free owners' difference in expenditures for the MBM is added to the disposable income. This amount represents typical savings compared to rent or ownership with a mortgage.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for this variable.

Statistical unit(s)

Economic family


Not applicable

Reported in

2016 (25% sample), 2011Note 1 (30% sample).

Reported for

Economic families and persons not in economic families aged 15 years and over in private households

Question number(s)

Derived variable


Positive or negative dollar value or nil


Like the MBM thresholds, the mortgage-free homeowner's advantage for the MBM is defined for each of the 50 MBM geographies. These amounts are presented in Table 4.6, Mortgage-free owners' difference in expenditures for the Market Basket Measure (MBM), 2015.

See also non-discretionary spending for the MBM and Market Basket Measure (MBM).

For additional information about data collection method, coverage, reference period, concepts, data quality and intercensal comparability of the income data, refer to the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

For additional information on various low-income concepts, see 'Low income lines,' in the Income Research Paper Series (Catalogue no. 75F0002M).


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