Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Place of birth of mother
'Place of birth of mother' refers to the name of the geographic location where the mother of the person was born. The geographic location is specified according to geographic boundaries current at the time of data collection, not the geographic boundaries at the time of birth.
In the 2016 Census of Population, the geographic location refers to the name of the country in which the mother of the person was born.
Countries and Areas of Interest for Social Statistics - SCCAI 2016
Place of birth of mother
Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2016
2016 (25% sample); 2011Note 1 (30% sample); 2006 and 2001 (20% sample). For availability prior to 1981, please refer to Appendix 2.0.
Population in private households
Direct variable: Question 24b)
Response categories included a mark-in circle for Born in Canada and a write-in space for Born outside Canada – specify country.
Refer to Appendix 5.2 for the places of birth disseminated for the 2016 Census of Population.
In the 2016 Census of Population, the place of birth of parents question is: "Where was each of this person's parents born?"
Respondents were asked to indicate the place of birth of their mother according to the boundaries in existence on May 10, 2016, the reference date for the 2016 Census of Population.
As well, additional instructions were provided to respondents in the 2016 Census of Population Long-form Guide:
For parents who were born in Canada, please mark "Born in Canada."
For parents who were born outside Canada, please report the country of birth according to present boundaries. For example, for parents born in the former U.S.S.R., please report the specific country or republic that is now a nation state, such as Ukraine, Latvia, Russia, etc.
For persons who are not sure of the country because its boundaries have changed since the time of their parents' birth, please report the name of the nearest city, state or province.
For adopted persons, if the place of birth of parents is unknown, please report the place of birth of their adoptive parents.
For persons of same-sex parents, please report the place of birth of one parent in Question 24a) and that of the other parent in Question 24b).
The responses to the questions on place of birth, place of birth of father and place of birth of mother are used to derive the generation status variable.
To better understand the relationship between the concepts of immigration, place of birth and generation status please refer to Figure 5.1.
For more information on place of birth variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
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