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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 1 (Moncton area)
(HR)
New Brunswick
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 51.1 51.6 50.5 54.3 52.9 55.6
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 66.1 65.9 66.2 68.4 68.7 68.1
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 18.0 17.9 18.2 18.8 17.0 20.6
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 56.3 65.9 47.3 60.0 66.2 54.1
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 32.3 42.2 23.0 33.6 39.4 28.1
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 24.0 23.7 24.2 26.4 26.8 26.0
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 16.9 13.1 20.5 18.9 15.5 22.0
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 7.5 8.9Note E: use with caution 6.3Note E: use with caution 8.0 10.1 6.0
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 11.1 10.9Note E: use with caution 11.3 9.7 8.0 11.2
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 21.4 20.9 22.0 22.5 22.1 22.9
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 8.1 4.5Note E: use with caution 11.6Note E: use with caution 8.1 6.0 10.1
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 13.8 12.4 15.2 15.2 13.3 17.0
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 13.3 12.8Note E: use with caution 13.7 15.2 12.7 17.6
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 5.6 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.8
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 6.0Note E: use with caution 6.5Note E: use with caution 5.6Note E: use with caution 6.0 5.4 6.6
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 116 147 88 128 156 104
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 262 356 178 257 360 164
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 455 504 395 578 655 488
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 421.4 524.0 340.9 442.6 532.9 371.7
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 48.7 68.4 32.7 50.5 64.2 39.3
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 66.7 84.2 53.2 69.6 87.9 56.0
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 95.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 96.3
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 155.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 158.6 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 23.3 24.0 22.7 22.7 23.9 21.5
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 17.5 18.1 16.9 18.1 19.2 17.2
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 23.0 31.6 14.7Note E: use with caution 20.7 30.2 11.7
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 56.1 55.5 56.6 51.8 53.8 49.9
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 32.9 22.3 42.8 33.9 25.1 42.0
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 30.1 27.3 32.8 36.3 32.1 40.2
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 70.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 74.0
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 74.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 76.5
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 92.6 89.1 95.9 92.7 90.5 94.7
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 90.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 85.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 28.0 Note ...: not applicable 28.0 27.3 Note ...: not applicable 27.3
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 10.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 11.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 366 392 340 460 506 415
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 6.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 15.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 65 56 73 85 67 103
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 2.9 Note ...: not applicable 2.9 2.5 Note ...: not applicable 2.5
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 6.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 6.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 12.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 174.0 227.2 122.8 190.7 248.8 134.8
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 117.7 163.0 73.7 129.3 179.7 80.9
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 56.4 64.2 49.0 61.4 69.1 54.0
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 11.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 468 308 588 462 320 570
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 7.9 11.1Note E: use with caution 4.9Note E: use with caution 6.3 7.8 4.9
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 15.4 17.0 13.9 16.4 17.8 15.1
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 4.1 4.5 3.7 4.1 4.6 3.5
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 81.4 78.7 83.9 80.2 77.5 82.8
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 20.6 18.7 22.2 19.5 17.7 21.1
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 535.6 668.7 432.5 582.8 730.1 471.0
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 169.3 208.8 140.2 175.2 218.0 145.2
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 16.4 20.4 12.7 14.5 17.6 12.1
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 49.6 63.4 38.6 55.4 71.2 44.1
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 10.2 Note ...: not applicable 18.6 10.8 Note ...: not applicable 19.5
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 8.5 21.6 Note ...: not applicable 8.8 22.8 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 139.6 182.7 106.0 165.2 212.3 128.6
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 68.0 98.9 43.0 80.9 117.4 53.1
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 24.8 28.5 21.8 31.4 32.8 30.0
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 46.9 55.3 41.3 52.9 62.1 45.5
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 41.2 54.0 32.9 48.4 66.0 37.8
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 10.5 13.9 8.1 11.5 14.7 9.4
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 2.9 2.2 3.5 2.9 3.8 2.4
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 27.8 37.9 21.2 34.1 47.5 26.0
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 30.1 43.3 18.3 32.6 45.2 21.0
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 10.4 15.0 6.3 11.3 17.9 5.0
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 0.5 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 249.0 316.0 184.6 275.4 350.1 203.9
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 67.1 69.1 65.1 70.8 71.7 69.9
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 93.5 93.6 93.4 93.4 93.4 93.4
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 90.4 88.7 91.9 89.6 88.2 91.0
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 62.6 57.8 67.1 59.5 56.1 62.6
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 8.6 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 9.5 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 15.3 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 17.4 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 5.1 6.1 4.0 6.0 6.8 5.0
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 11.1 10.0 12.2 12.5 11.1 13.8
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 12.4 12.1 12.7 15.1 14.9 15.3
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 52.5 51.6 53.4 14.3 14.0 14.5
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 0.0 0.0 0.0 21.0 20.5 21.4
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 7.8 7.5 8.1 17.3 16.8 17.8
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 39.6 40.9 38.5 47.5 48.8 46.3
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 20.34 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.52 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 54.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) 21.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 22.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) 14.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 3.1 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.1
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 4.1 4.0 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.9
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 4.8 4.6 5.0 4.3 4.3 4.3
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 16.5 16.7 16.4 14.4 14.4 14.4
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 79.3 79.1 79.5 67.1 66.7 67.4
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 14.9 3.0 11.9 16.1 3.3 12.8
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.3
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 63 103 26 73 119 30
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 184 280 96 203 307 106
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 247 382 122 268 413 134
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 126 95 148 108 96 117
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 202 161 238 169 135 199
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 411 Note ...: not applicable 411 421 Note ...: not applicable 421
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 1.11 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 543 528 556 631 658 606
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 938 1,045 834 859 908 813
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 114 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 113 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 118 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 100 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

Return to health data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

Return to health data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Zone 1 (Moncton area) (HR) = 25.7%, New Brunswick = 28.6%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Zone 1 (Moncton area) (Health Region), New Brunswick and New Brunswick (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 21, 2018).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 1 (Moncton area)
(HR)
New Brunswick
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 203,840 99,445 104,390 751,170 366,440 384,730
0 to 4 years 10,125 5,110 5,020 36,525 18,575 17,955
5 to 9 years 9,885 5,075 4,810 36,660 18,600 18,060
10 to 14 years 10,200 5,260 4,940 40,390 20,780 19,610
15 to 19 years 11,795 5,965 5,825 45,845 23,585 22,265
15 years 2,270 1,145 1,130 8,705 4,485 4,220
16 years 2,255 1,155 1,095 9,030 4,660 4,365
17 years 2,380 1,215 1,165 9,270 4,730 4,540
18 years 2,395 1,220 1,175 9,450 4,900 4,550
19 years 2,500 1,235 1,260 9,395 4,815 4,585
20 to 24 years 12,615 6,320 6,295 44,585 22,735 21,850
25 to 29 years 12,710 6,255 6,450 41,725 20,535 21,190
30 to 34 years 13,060 6,390 6,670 43,700 21,160 22,540
35 to 39 years 13,935 6,790 7,145 48,120 23,380 24,740
40 to 44 years 14,095 7,030 7,070 51,275 25,010 26,265
45 to 49 years 16,550 8,140 8,410 61,905 30,250 31,650
50 to 54 years 16,115 7,860 8,260 62,795 30,675 32,115
55 to 59 years 15,495 7,580 7,915 59,340 28,940 30,400
60 to 64 years 14,385 7,045 7,340 54,665 26,940 27,725
65 to 69 years 10,300 5,095 5,205 39,110 19,410 19,695
70 to 74 years 7,650 3,680 3,970 29,255 14,060 15,190
75 to 79 years 5,930 2,610 3,325 22,480 10,020 12,460
80 to 84 years 4,290 1,705 2,590 16,335 6,535 9,795
85 years and over 4,695 1,540 3,155 16,465 5,240 11,225
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 42.7 41.8 43.6 43.7 42.8 44.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.2 84.5 85.9 84.9 84.2 85.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 173,635 84,005 89,625 637,590 308,485 329,110
Married or living with a common-law partner 104,790 52,295 52,490 382,310 191,050 191,260
Married (and not separated) 83,530 41,715 41,815 310,310 155,115 155,195
Living common law 21,260 10,585 10,675 72,000 35,935 36,070
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 68,845 31,710 37,135 255,285 117,440 137,850
Single (never legally married) 43,840 23,490 20,355 159,760 86,220 73,545
Separated 5,775 2,505 3,275 21,035 9,180 11,855
Divorced 9,030 3,735 5,295 32,930 14,060 18,870
Widowed 10,195 1,980 8,220 41,560 7,985 33,575
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 60,585 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 224,590 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 34,570 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 125,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 12,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 49,255 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 10,035 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 37,365 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,035 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12,360 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 60,590 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 224,590 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 51,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 188,400 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 40,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 152,455 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 22,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 82,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 18,755 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 70,380 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 8,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 31,060 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 8,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 29,455 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 2,425 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 10,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 35,950 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 6,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 20,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 4,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15,790 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 2,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,430 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,355 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,455 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,905 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 9,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 36,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 7,180 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 28,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 4,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 18,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,040 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 665 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,640 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 1,835 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,450 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 425 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,725 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 95 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 410 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 51,995 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 200,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 12,030 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 43,455 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 17,970 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 69,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 6,655 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 26,050 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 9,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 38,950 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 5,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 22,950 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 199,190 97,175 102,020 735,715 359,500 376,215
Number of persons not in census families 35,040 16,290 18,745 122,025 56,500 65,525
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 3,895 1,650 2,245 13,885 5,930 7,955
Living with non-relatives only 9,105 4,970 4,130 26,435 14,440 11,995
Living alone 22,040 9,675 12,370 81,705 36,135 45,570
Number of census family persons 164,155 80,880 83,270 613,695 303,000 310,690
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 30,170 13,790 16,385 114,255 52,430 61,830
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 9,545 2,750 6,790 37,740 11,275 26,460
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 1,285 330 955 4,920 1,330 3,590
Living with non-relatives only 680 300 380 2,545 1,205 1,340
Living alone 7,570 2,120 5,455 30,270 8,745 21,530
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 20,630 11,035 9,595 76,515 41,150 35,365
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 85,620 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 314,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 59,410 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 220,100 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 55,025 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 204,380 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 47,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 175,630 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 26,525 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 95,030 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 21,340 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 80,600 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 7,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 28,745 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 4,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15,720 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 11,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 2,080 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 1,070 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 1,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 1,145 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,190 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 1,165 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,410 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 26,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 93,910 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 22,045 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 81,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 4,170 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12,205 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 85,620 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 314,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 56,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 220,180 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,390 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,990 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 3,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,000 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 24,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 75,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 5,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10,815 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 2,035 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,835 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 3,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 13,040 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 42,040 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,050 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 85,625 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 314,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 22,040 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 81,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 34,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 123,375 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 13,825 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 51,805 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 10,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 40,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 3,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 1,125 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,570 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 199,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 735,720 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 200,180 97,670 102,510 739,900 361,415 378,480
  Single responses  197,065 96,160 100,905 731,855 357,560 374,295
    English  109,600 54,005 55,595 479,930 234,735 245,195
    French  82,000 39,440 42,555 233,530 113,495 120,035
    Non-official languages  5,460 2,710 2,750 18,395 9,330 9,065
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 1,315 635 680 2,135 1,030 1,110
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0 10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  1,310 635 675 2,115 1,020 1,095
        Ojibway  0 0 0 0 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 0 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 4,010 1,995 2,010 15,520 7,920 7,595
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 30 20 10
        Afrikaans  15 10 10 70 30 35
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0 15 10 5
        Albanian  10 5 5 15 10 10
        Amharic  5 0 5 45 20 25
        Arabic  350 210 145 1,325 830 495
        Armenian  5 5 0 15 10 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 60 30 30
        Bengali  15 10 10 180 95 80
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 5 10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  15 5 15 65 20 45
        Bosnian  0 0 0 40 20 20
        Bulgarian  10 0 5 20 5 10
        Burmese  5 5 5 10 5 5
        Cantonese  75 45 30 225 120 105
        Chinese, n.o.s.  170 90 80 1,190 605 585
        Creoles  35 15 15 70 40 35
        Croatian  10 10 5 75 35 40
        Czech  10 5 5 45 25 20
        Danish  15 10 10 145 50 95
        Dutch  215 110 105 925 500 425
        Estonian  0 0 0 20 10 10
        Finnish  15 5 10 50 25 25
        Flemish  10 5 5 30 10 20
        Fukien  0 0 0 0 0 5
        German  495 250 240 1,805 860 945
        Greek  25 10 10 140 85 55
        Gujarati  10 5 5 45 25 20
        Hakka  0 0 0 5 5 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5 25 20 10
        Hindi  30 20 15 250 130 115
        Hungarian  35 15 15 155 75 80
        Ilocano  5 0 0 15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
        Italian  195 100 95 440 240 205
        Japanese  40 10 30 115 30 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0 5 5 5
        Korean  575 295 280 1,810 915 890
        Kurdish  0 0 0 15 5 5
        Lao  5 0 5 5 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 0 20 10 10
        Lingala  5 5 0 15 5 5
        Lithuanian  5 0 0 15 5 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0 15 10 5
        Malay  5 0 0 45 25 20
        Malayalam  15 5 5 40 20 20
        Maltese  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Mandarin  75 30 45 405 190 215
        Marathi  5 5 0 35 15 15
        Nepali  0 5 0 100 50 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 90 55 35 135 85 55
        Norwegian  10 5 5 45 25 15
        Oromo  20 10 10 30 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  35 20 15 95 55 45
        Pashto  5 0 5 5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  70 35 35 450 245 205
        Polish  75 40 40 255 125 130
        Portuguese  45 25 25 220 110 115
        Romanian  55 35 25 420 225 200
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 10 40 20 20
        Russian  80 35 40 355 175 180
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 10 35 20 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 5 120 60 55
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0 45 15 25
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 95 55 40
        Sindhi  0 0 0 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0 20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 25 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 5 0
        Slovak  15 10 5 20 10 15
        Slovenian  0 0 5 10 5 5
        Somali  0 5 0 5 5 0
        Spanish  300 130 165 1,135 545 585
        Swahili  90 50 35 140 80 55
        Swedish  15 5 10 45 20 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  225 55 170 585 205 380
        Taiwanese  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Tamil  15 10 5 90 55 35
        Telugu  10 0 5 45 25 20
        Thai  10 0 5 65 15 55
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 0 10 10 5
        Turkish  5 5 5 65 40 25
        Ukrainian  25 15 15 135 65 70
        Urdu  35 15 15 205 105 95
        Vietnamese  115 55 55 285 145 140
        Yiddish  0 0 0 25 20 5
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 135 75 60 740 385 360
  Multiple responses          3,120 1,515 1,605 8,040 3,860 4,185
    English and French  2,740 1,325 1,415 6,580 3,140 3,445
    English and non-official language  215 105 110 1,120 540 575
    French and non-official language  130 70 60 250 125 125
    English, French and non-official language 30 15 20 95 50 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 200,180 97,670 102,510 739,900 361,420 378,480
  English only 90,705 45,710 44,995 426,675 212,750 213,925
  French only 8,735 3,990 4,745 66,375 31,205 35,170
  English and French 100,505 47,865 52,645 245,890 117,020 128,870
  Neither English nor French 235 105 125 960 445 515
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 200,180 97,670 102,510 739,900 361,420 378,480
  English 116,105 57,185 58,920 502,040 245,760 256,285
  French 82,750 39,850 42,900 234,410 114,040 120,370
  English and French 1,125 545 580 2,575 1,225 1,350
  Neither English nor French 200 85 115 865 395 475
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 83,310 40,125 43,185 235,700 114,655 121,040
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 41.6 41.1 42.1 31.9 31.7 32.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 200,180 97,670 102,510 739,895 361,420 378,475
  Single responses 196,740 96,060 100,680 731,310 357,340 373,970
    English 122,280 60,215 62,060 512,110 250,355 261,760
    French 71,765 34,515 37,250 209,885 102,240 107,650
    Non-official languages 2,695 1,325 1,370 9,310 4,750 4,565
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 645 315 330 1,025 515 515
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 650 320 330 1,025 515 510
        Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 1,985 970 1,015 8,000 4,085 3,915
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 10 5 10 50 25 30
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Albanian 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Amharic 0 0 0 15 5 10
        Arabic 175 90 85 730 430 295
        Armenian 5 0 0 0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
        Bengali 10 5 5 105 55 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0 20 10 5
        Bosnian 0 0 0 15 10 10
        Bulgarian 5 5 0 10 5 5
        Burmese 5 5 5 5 5 0
        Cantonese 40 25 20 130 70 65
        Chinese, n.o.s. 110 55 50 845 445 400
        Creoles 30 15 15 35 15 15
        Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
        Czech 0 0 0 10 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0 10 10 5
        Dutch 45 20 25 180 90 95
        Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0 15 10 5
        Flemish 5 0 0 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0 10 0 0
        German 160 80 75 490 235 250
        Greek 5 0 0 35 15 20
        Gujarati 0 0 0 25 10 15
        Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0 20 15 5
        Hindi 5 0 5 125 65 65
        Hungarian 5 0 0 25 10 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
        Italian 45 20 25 90 40 50
        Japanese 10 0 10 35 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Korean 505 260 245 1,580 805 770
        Kurdish 0 0 0 5 5 5
        Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 0 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0 25 15 10
        Malayalam 5 5 0 10 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mandarin 65 30 35 325 160 165
        Marathi 0 0 0 10 0 5
        Nepali 0 0 0 85 45 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0 5 5 0
        Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 15 5 10 40 20 25
        Pashto 5 0 0 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 40 20 20 320 170 145
        Polish 15 5 5 65 30 35
        Portuguese 15 5 10 75 30 40
        Romanian 35 20 15 265 135 130
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 20 5 15
        Russian 55 25 30 220 110 105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 0 90 50 45
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 165 100 60
        Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 10 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Spanish 150 60 85 595 280 315
        Swahili 55 30 25 70 35 30
        Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 105 30 75 280 130 150
        Taiwanese 0 0 0 0 0 5
        Tamil 0 0 0 35 20 15
        Telugu 10 5 5 20 10 10
        Thai 0 0 0 15 0 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 0 0 30 15 15
        Ukrainian 5 5 0 35 15 20
        Urdu 25 10 15 120 55 65
        Vietnamese 100 50 45 235 125 110
        Yiddish 0 0 0 20 15 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 65 35 30 280 150 125
  Multiple responses         3,440 1,610 1,830 8,585 4,075 4,510
    English and French 2,785 1,290 1,500 6,235 2,910 3,325
    English and non-official language 465 220 245 2,020 995 1,025
    French and non-official language 110 55 55 175 90 90
    English, French and non-official language 80 50 30 160 85 75
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 200,180 97,670 102,510 739,895 361,420 378,480
  None 162,625 80,055 82,565 656,325 321,935 334,390
  Single responses  37,220 17,455 19,765 82,780 39,115 43,665
    English  22,780 10,800 11,980 47,560 22,885 24,670
    French  12,485 5,680 6,805 28,410 12,880 15,535
    Non-official languages  1,955 975 985 6,810 3,350 3,465
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 400 175 225 845 375 465
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0 15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  395 170 225 825 370 455
        Ojibway  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 1,445 755 695 5,280 2,665 2,610
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 25 15 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0 20 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0 15 10 5
        Albanian  5 5 5 10 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0 10 10 5
        Arabic  135 80 50 450 275 180
        Armenian  0 0 0 5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 50 30 20
        Bengali  0 0 5 50 25 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0 5 5 5
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5 15 5 10
        Bosnian  0 0 0 15 5 10
        Bulgarian  0 0 0 10 5 5
        Burmese  5 0 5 5 0 5
        Cantonese  15 10 5 70 35 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  35 20 10 245 120 125
        Creoles  30 15 20 70 30 35
        Croatian  5 5 0 25 10 15
        Czech  5 5 0 20 10 10
        Danish  5 0 0 55 20 35
        Dutch  70 40 30 310 165 145
        Estonian  0 0 0 5 5 5
        Finnish  5 0 5 30 10 15
        Flemish  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0 0 0 0
        German  185 95 90 680 330 345
        Greek  10 5 0 65 45 20
        Gujarati  10 5 5 15 10 5
        Hakka  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 10 5 35 20 10
        Hindi  20 10 10 130 65 60
        Hungarian  5 0 5 50 25 25
        Ilocano  5 5 0 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 0 5
        Italian  80 35 40 190 95 95
        Japanese  40 20 20 110 50 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Korean  30 20 10 150 80 70
        Kurdish  0 0 0 0 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Lingala  15 10 5 30 15 15
        Lithuanian  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Malay  5 0 0 15 10 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0 15 10 5
        Maltese  0 0 0 5 5 5
        Mandarin  20 10 15 95 40 55
        Marathi  0 0 0 15 5 10
        Nepali  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 45 25 95 55 40
        Norwegian  5 5 5 20 10 10
        Oromo  10 5 10 20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 10 10 40 25 15
        Pashto  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  20 10 10 95 45 45
        Polish  25 10 15 75 40 45
        Portuguese  25 15 15 75 40 35
        Romanian  20 10 0 100 60 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5 5 0 5
        Russian  25 10 10 105 60 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 10 5 25 20 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 0 15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0 15 10 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 115 50 65
        Sindhi  0 0 0 0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0 10 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5 5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0 10 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0 10 0 0
        Spanish  195 105 85 705 335 365
        Swahili  25 15 10 80 35 45
        Swedish  5 5 5 30 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  85 30 55 220 65 155
        Taiwanese  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Tamil  5 0 5 45 25 20
        Telugu  5 5 0 25 15 10
        Thai  5 5 5 35 10 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0 5 0 0
        Turkish  0 5 5 20 10 10
        Ukrainian  5 0 0 35 20 15
        Urdu  5 5 0 60 35 25
        Vietnamese  20 10 10 50 25 25
        Yiddish  10 5 5 10 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 115 45 70 695 310 385
  Multiple responses          335 160 180 790 370 420
    English and French  65 35 35 130 60 65
    English and non-official language  125 70 50 250 130 120
    French and non-official language  145 55 85 400 175 230
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 5 10 5 5

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Zone 1 (Moncton area) (Health Region), New Brunswick and New Brunswick (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 21, 2018).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 1 (Moncton area)
(HR)
New Brunswick
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 25.7%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 28.6%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 199,215 97,080 102,135 735,835 359,485 376,345
Canadian citizens 195,385 95,140 100,250 722,470 353,115 369,360
Canadian citizens aged under 18 36,580 18,650 17,930 138,285 70,935 67,345
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 158,810 76,485 82,320 584,185 282,180 302,010
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,830 1,945 1,885 13,365 6,370 6,990
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 199,220 97,080 102,140 735,830 359,490 376,345
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 190,535 92,905 97,630 704,235 344,280 359,950
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 8,090 3,840 4,250 28,465 13,660 14,810
Before 1971 1,650 790 860 6,970 3,110 3,865
1971 to 1980 1,605 695 910 5,340 2,545 2,795
1981 to 1990 675 290 385 2,835 1,270 1,560
1991 to 2000 695 330 365 3,030 1,450 1,575
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,460 1,730 1,730 10,290 5,285 5,005
2001 to 2005 895 400 500 3,140 1,625 1,510
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,560 1,330 1,230 7,150 3,655 3,495
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 600 335 260 3,135 1,550 1,585
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 8,090 3,835 4,255 28,465 13,655 14,810
Under 5 years 1,255 605 655 4,580 2,050 2,530
5 to 14 years 2,020 845 1,180 6,255 2,860 3,395
15 to 24 years 1,495 710 785 5,905 2,745 3,165
25 to 44 years 2,805 1,440 1,360 9,765 4,920 4,840
45 years and over 515 245 275 1,965 1,080 880
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 199,220 97,085 102,140 735,835 359,490 376,345
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 190,535 92,910 97,630 704,235 344,285 359,955
Born in province of residence 153,595 74,485 79,115 588,580 287,655 300,920
Born outside province of residence 36,940 18,420 18,515 115,655 56,625 59,030
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 8,085 3,835 4,250 28,465 13,655 14,810
Americas 2,775 1,210 1,560 10,200 4,645 5,555
United States 2,085 875 1,215 8,225 3,655 4,570
Jamaica 0 0 0 60 20 40
Guyana 15 0 0 95 60 30
Haiti 180 135 40 230 160 65
Mexico 55 35 20 170 90 85
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 120 60 60
Colombia 90 0 80 400 155 245
El Salvador 0 0 0 35 25 0
Peru 0 0 0 35 0 25
Chile 25 0 0 50 0 30
Other places of birth in Americas 285 110 175 785 395 395
Europe 2,645 1,345 1,300 10,260 5,085 5,175
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,325 670 655 5,260 2,440 2,820
Italy 110 55 55 230 125 100
Germany 400 185 220 1,650 830 820
Poland 50 20 25 145 65 80
Portugal 0 0 0 90 45 45
Netherlands 210 100 105 815 435 380
France 170 90 70 410 220 190
Romania 55 0 35 270 140 130
Russian Federation 0 0 0 70 55 15
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 130 50 80
Croatia 0 0 0 80 40 35
Hungary 25 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 105 50 55
Serbia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 20 0 15 150 80 70
Other places of birth in Europe 260 165 100 740 435 310
Africa 780 410 370 1,610 855 750
Morocco 80 50 30 120 85 35
Algeria 20 15 15 50 30 20
Egypt 70 40 0 155 80 80
South Africa, Republic of 35 25 0 155 85 70
Nigeria 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ethiopia 0 0 0 70 35 30
Kenya 0 0 0 70 30 40
Other places of birth in Africa 515 250 260 940 480 460
Asia 1,855 855 1,000 6,230 2,985 3,245
India 130 60 70 800 425 375
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 145 60 85 1,050 445 610
Philippines 265 75 190 705 220 485
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 35 0 15 100 50 50
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 305 140 160 430 195 230
Pakistan 60 35 25 170 95 75
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 25 15 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 35 0 0 230 120 110
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 655 325 330 1,620 820 805
Lebanon 50 35 15 230 135 95
Taiwan 0 0 0 40 0 25
Iraq 0 0 0 20 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 90 40 55
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 45 10 30
Turkey 0 0 0 20 15 0
Other places of birth in Asia 115 55 60 620 340 275
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 20 0 170 85 85
Fiji 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 35 20 0 170 90 85
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 595 335 260 3,130 1,550 1,580
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,560 1,330 1,230 7,155 3,655 3,495
Americas 435 290 140 1,490 835 655
United States 175 100 80 835 455 380
Mexico 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cuba 0 0 0 70 45 30
Haiti 170 140 30 175 135 40
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 25 0 0 175 85 90
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0 40 20 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 105 50 60
Europe 445 245 195 1,455 780 670
France 85 50 35 130 75 55
Germany 50 25 30 210 115 100
Poland 0 0 0 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0 115 55 55
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0 20 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 15 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 50 35 15
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 180 100 75 680 340 340
Other places of birth in Europe 130 75 50 235 135 105
Africa 525 240 280 925 440 490
Nigeria 0 0 0 25 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 60 35 0
Mauritius 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 35 10 25
Morocco 55 0 0 70 55 0
Tunisia 50 25 25 50 20 25
Cameroon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 75 45 30 105 65 40
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 75 40 40
Other places of birth in Africa 270 95 175 475 180 295
Asia 1,165 550 610 3,270 1,590 1,685
Philippines 140 55 80 375 135 240
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 30 0 20 440 165 275
India 0 0 0 105 45 60
Pakistan 15 0 0 25 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0 120 70 55
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 640 315 320 1,410 730 680
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 80 35 45
Lebanon 0 0 0 60 40 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 250 115 140 285 130 155
Taiwan 0 0 0 20 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0 25 25 0
Nepal 0 0 0 25 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 40 15 20 230 135 85
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 199,220 97,080 102,140 735,835 359,490 376,345
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 9,040 4,370 4,670 33,310 16,080 17,235
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 11,645 5,790 5,860 43,450 21,295 22,160
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 178,535 86,930 91,605 659,070 322,115 336,955
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 199,220 97,080 102,135 735,835 359,490 376,350
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 5,265 2,515 2,750 17,135 8,650 8,480
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 600 280 315 2,445 1,310 1,135
Chinese 450 225 225 2,540 1,230 1,310
Black 1,740 900 840 4,870 2,595 2,275
Filipino 400 90 305 1,100 415 685
Latin American 310 115 195 1,160 530 630
Arab 400 235 165 1,380 850 525
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 440 230 210 730 360 370
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 90 45 40 305 170 140
Korean 690 335 360 1,855 905 950
Japanese 30 0 20 305 105 200
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 25 0 0 85 25 60
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 95 35 60 360 160 195
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 193,950 94,565 99,390 718,705 350,835 367,870
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 199,220 97,080 102,140 735,835 359,485 376,345
North American Aboriginal origins 9,990 4,680 5,310 37,900 18,095 19,805
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,110 3,715 4,395 32,365 15,405 16,960
Inuit 305 180 125 820 440 380
Métis 1,780 870 910 5,230 2,485 2,740
Other North American origins 114,045 55,520 58,525 394,995 192,985 202,005
Acadian 16,855 8,110 8,745 32,005 15,505 16,495
American 1,235 585 650 6,550 3,085 3,465
Canadian 102,865 50,040 52,830 370,235 180,925 189,310
New Brunswicker 60 35 25 230 105 125
Newfoundlander 60 25 35 485 240 250
Nova Scotian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0 15 15 0
Québécois 365 175 190 935 510 425
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0 100 20 80
European origins 130,850 63,580 67,270 489,980 238,715 251,260
British Isles origins 85,195 41,020 44,175 353,140 170,205 182,935
Channel Islander 45 20 20 160 65 95
Cornish 0 0 0 30 25 0
English 47,750 23,210 24,540 190,610 91,720 98,890
Irish 34,025 15,775 18,250 159,200 75,325 83,870
Manx 0 0 0 25 0 0
Scottish 34,015 16,030 17,980 146,230 69,560 76,675
Welsh 2,135 1,065 1,065 11,115 5,605 5,510
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,930 1,285 1,645 10,480 4,755 5,730
French origins 64,175 31,170 33,005 199,965 96,805 103,160
Alsatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Breton 10 0 0 55 35 15
French 64,165 31,160 33,000 199,930 96,780 103,150
Western European origins (except French origins) 14,910 7,250 7,655 50,720 24,515 26,210
Austrian 205 90 120 805 460 340
Belgian 420 245 170 1,125 535 585
Dutch 3,025 1,495 1,530 16,370 7,750 8,615
Flemish 20 0 0 135 45 85
Frisian 60 50 0 60 45 0
German 11,595 5,615 5,980 34,865 17,000 17,870
Luxembourger 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swiss 525 240 285 1,040 465 580
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,155 1,090 1,065 10,405 5,240 5,165
Danish 765 355 410 3,800 1,725 2,075
Finnish 185 65 120 710 360 355
Icelandic 60 35 30 320 180 145
Norwegian 760 415 345 2,865 1,565 1,295
Swedish 390 240 150 2,640 1,370 1,270
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 135 65 75 500 270 230
Eastern European origins 3,000 1,415 1,590 10,840 5,345 5,490
Bulgarian 0 0 0 90 15 75
Byelorussian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Czech 100 50 55 350 155 195
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 120 80 40 220 115 105
Estonian 30 30 0 110 45 75
Hungarian 330 160 175 1,020 480 535
Latvian 0 0 0 130 50 75
Lithuanian 90 35 55 255 125 130
Moldovan 0 0 0 35 0 35
Polish 1,095 480 615 4,040 2,020 2,015
Romanian 210 100 115 870 485 390
Russian 380 195 185 1,760 820 945
Slovak 90 35 60 325 165 160
Ukrainian 985 480 510 3,030 1,540 1,490
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern European origins 3,085 1,455 1,625 12,245 5,895 6,350
Albanian 40 0 20 115 70 45
Bosnian 0 0 0 100 55 45
Croatian 75 45 25 330 150 175
Cypriot 0 0 0 20 0 0
Greek 125 65 65 725 415 310
Italian 1,965 985 985 7,195 3,500 3,695
Kosovar 0 0 0 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 0 0 75 30 40
Maltese 30 0 15 80 50 30
Montenegrin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 235 75 155 1,360 630 735
Serbian 0 0 0 110 50 55
Sicilian 25 0 15 65