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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North West
(HR)
Ontario
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (persons) Health data: Footnote 1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,905,990 3,398,324 3,507,665
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (persons) Health data: Footnote 3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8,110,527 3,998,209 4,112,318
Perceived life stress (persons) Health data: Footnote 5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,497,802 1,122,638 1,375,164
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (persons) Health data: Footnote 6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,189,117 2,951,462 2,237,655
Overweight (persons) Health data: Footnote 7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,383,380 2,011,720 1,371,661
Obese (persons) Health data: Footnote 8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,805,737 939,742 865,995
Arthritis (persons) Health data: Footnote 10 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,883,991 721,738 1,162,253
Diabetes (persons) Health data: Footnote 11 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 756,886 393,205 363,680
Asthma (persons) Health data: Footnote 12 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 902,036 371,957 530,079
High blood pressure (persons) Health data: Footnote 13 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,010,339 993,496 1,016,843
Mood disorder (persons) Health data: Footnote 14 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 869,905 321,338 548,567
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (persons) Health data: Footnote 15 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,618,314 639,702 978,612
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (persons) Health data: Footnote 16 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,798,383 737,155 1,061,228
Low birth weight (persons) Health data: Footnote 17 412 191 221 25,249 12,155 13,094
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (persons) Health data: Footnote 18 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 281,035 110,945 170,089
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (persons) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (persons) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (events) Health data: Footnote 21 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (events) Health data: Footnote 22 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Injury hospitalization (hospitalizations) Health data: Footnote 23 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (persons) Health data: Footnote 29 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,172,049 1,261,834 910,215
Current smoker, daily (persons) Health data: Footnote 30 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,630,365 955,601 674,763
Heavy drinking (persons) Health data: Footnote 31 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,886,648 1,335,992 550,656
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (persons) Health data: Footnote 32 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,026,099 3,086,631 2,939,468
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (persons) Health data: Footnote 34 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4,213,001 1,739,795 2,473,206
Bike helmet use (persons) Health data: Footnote 35 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,520,350 820,521 699,829
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (persons) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (persons) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (persons) Health data: Footnote 38 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,552,841 1,546,411 2,006,431
Mammography (persons) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,071,893
Pap smear (persons) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,135,279
Regular medical doctor (persons) Health data: Footnote 41 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10,423,424 4,978,613 5,444,811
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (hospitalizations) Health data: Footnote 45 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (persons) Health data: Footnote 46 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (persons) Health data: Footnote 47 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (hospitalizations) Health data: Footnote 48 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 1,971 1,216 755 71,863 43,911 27,952
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 1,296 836 459 45,112 29,630 15,482
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 676 380 296 26,752 14,282 12,470
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (events) Health data: Footnote 57 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (persons) Health data: Footnote 58 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 409,933 194,006 215,926
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (persons) Health data: Footnote 59 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,521,375 748,266 773,109
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 46 27 19 2,073 1,153 920
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 78.6 76.2 81.1 81.5 79.2 83.6
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 19.6 17.9 21.1 20.3 18.7 21.7
Total, all causes of death (persons) Health data: Footnote 65 5,910 3,039 2,871 250,314 125,390 124,924
All cancers, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 66 1,592 839 753 73,686 38,378 35,308
Colorectal cancer, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 67 177 101 76 7,986 4,322 3,664
Lung cancer, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 68 442 243 199 18,302 10,227 8,075
Breast cancer, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 69 78 Note ...: not applicable 78 5,644 Note ...: not applicable 5,644
Prostate cancer, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 70 76 76 Note ...: not applicable 3,941 3,941 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 71 1,814 946 868 77,632 38,490 39,142
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 72 994 578 416 43,005 23,446 19,559
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 73 356 149 207 15,604 6,397 9,207
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 74 464 219 245 19,023 8,647 10,376
Respiratory diseases, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 75 416 218 198 20,542 10,289 10,253
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 76 111 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 5,837 2,546 3,291
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 77 16 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 1,039 532 507
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 78 289 163 126 13,666 7,211 6,455
Unintentional injuries, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 79 318 196 122 10,539 6,070 4,469
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 80 146 100 46 3,158 2,369 789
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (persons) Health data: Footnote 81 11 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 405 342 63
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 2,612 1,590 1,022 99,480 59,734 39,746
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (persons) Health data: Footnote 83 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,461,572 3,596,890 3,864,682
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (persons) Health data: Footnote 84 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10,227,157 4,995,606 5,231,550
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (persons) Health data: Footnote 85 10,065 4,780 5,285 734,310 352,725 381,585
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (persons) Health data: Footnote 86 51,790 24,315 27,475 3,631,685 1,699,190 1,932,490
Unemployment (persons) Health data: Footnote 87 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (persons) Health data: Footnote 88 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (persons) Health data: Footnote 89 5,750 3,270 2,485 330,550 166,145 164,405
Low income (persons) Health data: Footnote 90 21,980 10,155 11,825 1,829,630 848,990 980,640
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (persons) Health data: Footnote 91 5,650 2,885 2,770 452,675 233,910 218,765
Community  
Total population (persons) Health data: Footnote 92 222,090 109,785 112,305 12,851,825 6,263,140 6,588,685
Large urban population centre population (persons) Health data: Footnote 93 102,225 49,330 52,895 8,905,545 4,314,800 4,590,735
Medium population centre population (persons) Health data: Footnote 94 0 0 0 956,135 460,005 496,135
Small population centre population (persons) Health data: Footnote 95 43,865 21,540 22,325 1,184,040 570,375 613,665
Rural area population (persons) Health data: Footnote 96 75,995 38,915 37,085 1,806,105 917,955 888,145
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 0.55 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14.14 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (persons) Health data: Footnote 98 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (persons) Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (persons) Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (persons) Health data: Footnote 99 39,655 19,480 20,175 301,430 145,020 156,410
Immigrant population (persons) Health data: Footnote 100 15,820 7,385 8,430 3,611,365 1,706,380 1,904,980
1 year internal migrants (persons) Health data: Footnote 101 6,975 3,575 3,395 475,460 231,755 243,700
5 year internal migrants (persons) Health data: Footnote 102 21,620 10,840 10,780 1,514,730 738,005 776,725
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (persons) Health data: Footnote 103 143,805 70,390 73,415 12,047,435 5,864,280 6,183,150
Lone-parent families (families) Health data: Footnote 104 11,550 2,800 8,750 604,645 118,170 486,470
Visible minority population (persons) Health data: Footnote 105 4,740 2,475 2,260 3,279,565 1,582,480 1,697,085
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (persons) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (count) Health data: Footnote 107 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Percutaneous coronary intervention (count) Health data: Footnote 108 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Cardiac revascularization (count) Health data: Footnote 109 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Hip replacement (count) Health data: Footnote 110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Knee replacement (count) Health data: Footnote 111 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Hysterectomy (count) Health data: Footnote 112 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness hospitalization rate (count) Health data: Footnote 114 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Mental illness patient days (count) Health data: Footnote 115 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (count) Health data: Footnote 116 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (count) Health data: Footnote 117 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

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Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

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Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): North West (HR) = 29.9%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. North West (Health Region), Ontario and Ontario (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North West
(HR)
Ontario
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 222,085 109,785 112,300 12,851,820 6,263,140 6,588,685
0 to 4 years 11,885 6,035 5,850 704,260 360,590 343,670
5 to 9 years 11,860 6,100 5,755 712,755 365,290 347,465
10 to 14 years 13,165 6,730 6,435 763,755 391,630 372,125
15 to 19 years 15,190 7,745 7,445 863,635 443,680 419,950
15 years 2,950 1,510 1,435 168,840 86,700 82,140
16 years 3,060 1,555 1,505 172,840 89,195 83,645
17 years 3,040 1,550 1,490 171,405 88,230 83,170
18 years 3,045 1,535 1,505 173,930 89,225 84,705
19 years 3,100 1,595 1,510 176,620 90,330 86,290
20 to 24 years 14,005 7,095 6,910 852,910 432,490 420,415
25 to 29 years 12,440 6,155 6,285 815,120 400,045 415,075
30 to 34 years 12,020 5,875 6,145 800,365 383,340 417,030
35 to 39 years 12,840 6,245 6,590 844,335 405,845 438,485
40 to 44 years 14,350 7,045 7,300 924,075 447,920 476,155
45 to 49 years 17,425 8,605 8,820 1,055,880 517,510 538,370
50 to 54 years 19,220 9,610 9,610 1,006,140 492,560 513,580
55 to 59 years 17,130 8,680 8,445 864,620 418,755 445,865
60 to 64 years 15,155 7,725 7,430 765,655 370,370 395,275
65 to 69 years 10,385 5,185 5,200 563,485 270,875 292,610
70 to 74 years 8,355 4,000 4,355 440,780 206,350 234,435
75 to 79 years 6,675 3,115 3,565 356,150 161,345 194,805
80 to 84 years 5,085 2,215 2,870 271,510 113,620 157,890
85 years and over 4,900 1,610 3,290 246,400 80,925 165,475
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 42.7 42.0 43.3 40.4 39.4 41.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.4 82.8 83.9 83.0 82.2 83.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 185,180 90,915 94,265 10,671,050 5,145,630 5,525,420
Married or living with a common-law partner 106,240 53,085 53,160 6,158,605 3,078,940 3,079,665
Married (and not separated) 85,905 42,945 42,960 5,367,400 2,681,320 2,686,075
Living common law 20,335 10,140 10,195 791,210 397,620 393,590
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 78,940 37,830 41,105 4,512,440 2,066,690 2,445,750
Single (never legally married) 50,065 27,680 22,385 2,985,020 1,583,760 1,401,260
Separated 6,110 2,805 3,300 319,805 133,790 186,015
Divorced 9,980 4,635 5,345 593,730 231,160 362,570
Widowed 12,790 2,715 10,075 613,880 117,980 495,905
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 63,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,612,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 34,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,686,655 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 13,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 812,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 11,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 783,500 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 5,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 329,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 63,780 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,612,205 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 52,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,007,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 42,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,612,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 21,875 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,090,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 20,230 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,522,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 8,055 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 559,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 8,570 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 676,880 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 3,610 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 286,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 10,125 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 394,670 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 5,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 236,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 4,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 158,660 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 2,140 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 77,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 55,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 1,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 25,890 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 11,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 604,645 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 8,750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 486,470 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 5,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 282,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 2,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 145,375 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 1,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 59,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 2,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 118,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 77,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 31,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 64,545 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,083,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 13,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 839,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 21,875 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,323,750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 8,450 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 496,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 13,520 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 888,985 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 6,930 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 535,230 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 218,240 108,065 110,170 12,655,130 6,179,005 6,476,125
Number of persons not in census families 37,690 18,620 19,065 1,951,440 889,600 1,061,845
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 5,040 2,490 2,555 295,100 113,180 181,925
Living with non-relatives only 5,550 3,175 2,375 425,360 233,900 191,465
Living alone 27,095 12,955 14,140 1,230,980 542,525 688,455
Number of census family persons 180,550 89,445 91,105 10,703,690 5,289,410 5,414,280
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 33,150 15,390 17,765 1,752,725 796,110 956,615
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 11,425 3,665 7,765 563,605 155,405 408,200
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 995 310 685 105,130 22,345 82,785
Living with non-relatives only 460 250 215 30,835 14,715 16,125
Living alone 9,970 3,100 6,865 427,640 118,350 309,290
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 21,725 11,720 10,000 1,189,120 640,705 548,415
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 92,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,887,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 62,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,475,030 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 57,610 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,103,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 48,635 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,642,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 25,415 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,171,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 23,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,471,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 8,975 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 460,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 4,705 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 371,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 242,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 1,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 167,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 855 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 52,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 1,115 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 114,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 1,330 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 74,985 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 1,410 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 128,660 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 29,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,412,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 27,095 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,230,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 2,750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 181,500 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 92,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,887,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 69,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,718,880 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,760 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 789,970 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 1,690 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 18,415 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,362,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 2,935 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 279,470 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 2,145 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 415,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 2,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 160,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 498,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,540 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 92,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,887,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 27,090 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,230,975 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 33,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,584,415 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 13,665 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 803,030 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 11,715 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 783,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 4,355 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 310,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 2,325 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 174,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 218,240 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12,655,135 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 219,595 108,750 110,845 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,730
  Single responses  217,385 107,760 109,630 12,434,770 6,071,955 6,362,815
    English  185,855 92,510 93,350 8,677,040 4,276,970 4,400,065
    French  6,785 3,465 3,315 493,300 232,785 260,510
    Non-official languages  24,745 11,785 12,965 3,264,435 1,562,190 1,702,240
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 8,300 3,995 4,305 15,625 7,315 8,305
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  510 230 285 3,930 1,835 2,095
        Dene  5 0 0 20 5 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 5 5 5
        Inuktitut  5 0 5 300 85 215
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0 70 20 45
        Ojibway  4,815 2,350 2,465 8,255 3,925 4,330
        Oji-Cree  2,965 1,410 1,550 3,030 1,440 1,590
        Stoney  0 0 0 5 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 16,240 7,685 8,555 3,222,400 1,542,155 1,680,245
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 3,080 1,585 1,495
        Afrikaans  10 5 5 2,060 1,030 1,030
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 0 9,680 4,565 5,115
        Albanian  10 5 5 17,440 8,870 8,565
        Amharic  20 10 10 9,190 4,295 4,895
        Arabic  150 90 65 133,390 69,890 63,500
        Armenian  5 5 0 13,070 6,330 6,740
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 3,040 1,445 1,595
        Bengali  40 20 20 38,685 19,745 18,935
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 120 70 60
        Bisayan languages  35 15 25 6,380 2,395 3,985
        Bosnian  0 0 0 6,140 3,045 3,095
        Bulgarian  15 5 10 9,015 4,390 4,625
        Burmese  35 20 15 1,400 685 715
        Cantonese  105 45 55 186,870 87,020 99,850
        Chinese, n.o.s.  335 165 170 195,120 92,170 102,950
        Creoles  25 10 15 9,650 4,355 5,295
        Croatian  340 170 170 33,830 16,505 17,320
        Czech  70 35 35 12,115 5,675 6,440
        Danish  100 55 45 4,745 2,230 2,515
        Dutch  585 295 295 58,135 28,150 29,985
        Estonian  65 40 30 5,025 2,170 2,850
        Finnish  2,815 1,265 1,550 11,350 4,905 6,450
        Flemish  10 5 5 2,710 1,180 1,530
        Fukien  0 0 0 3,410 1,620 1,795
        German  1,855 875 980 140,315 65,815 74,500
        Greek  175 85 90 56,890 28,455 28,435
        Gujarati  30 15 10 68,105 34,110 33,995
        Hakka  0 0 0 3,535 1,685 1,850
        Hebrew  5 5 0 11,415 6,085 5,330
        Hindi  45 30 20 47,645 23,880 23,765
        Hungarian  220 125 90 41,010 19,455 21,555
        Ilocano  15 5 5 8,050 2,990 5,060
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 2,845 1,520 1,330
        Italian  3,535 1,775 1,765 251,330 123,830 127,505
        Japanese  55 15 40 12,215 4,415 7,800
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0 7,210 3,345 3,860
        Korean  35 15 25 64,080 30,065 34,015
        Kurdish  0 0 0 5,760 3,100 2,660
        Lao  0 5 0 5,350 2,620 2,730
        Latvian  45 25 15 4,640 1,970 2,670
        Lingala  0 0 0 755 325 430
        Lithuanian  20 10 10 5,600 2,375 3,230
        Macedonian  5 5 0 16,305 7,930 8,370
        Malay  10 5 0 5,305 2,395 2,910
        Malayalam  5 5 0 10,745 5,460 5,285
        Maltese  0 0 0 5,830 2,930 2,905
        Mandarin  85 40 50 118,390 55,825 62,565
        Marathi  5 5 0 4,155 2,135 2,025
        Nepali  40 20 20 3,640 1,850 1,795
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5,780 2,925 2,860
        Norwegian  40 15 30 1,060 465 595
        Oromo  5 0 0 1,770 890 875
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  45 20 20 173,975 88,090 85,885
        Pashto  5 5 5 8,165 4,200 3,965
        Persian (Farsi)  95 55 40 98,905 50,110 48,790
        Polish  1,235 545 690 128,440 58,835 69,600
        Portuguese  540 270 270 147,725 71,605 76,125
        Romanian  80 40 35 41,980 19,835 22,140
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 5 0 1,035 455 580
        Russian  130 55 80 93,080 42,590 50,490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0 1,120 450 670
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 14,930 7,345 7,590
        Serbian  50 25 30 41,910 20,750 21,165
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0 5,250 2,565 2,685
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 1,410 585 830
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 1,580 835 745
        Sindhi  0 0 0 6,530 3,055 3,475
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5 9,335 4,555 4,780
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 125 65 60 1,780 900 875
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 2,005 1,000 1,005
        Slovak  215 80 130 10,250 4,665 5,585
        Slovenian  110 60 55 7,505 3,475 4,030
        Somali  0 5 0 22,685 9,750 12,930
        Spanish  400 190 210 178,335 85,410 92,915
        Swahili  5 0 0 4,745 2,255 2,490
        Swedish  85 45 50 2,505 1,060 1,440
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  335 115 220 140,805 53,595 87,210
        Taiwanese  0 0 0 3,020 1,390 1,625
        Tamil  15 10 5 111,060 54,760 56,300
        Telugu  5 0 5 6,730 3,525 3,205
        Thai  20 5 20 2,915 995 1,915
        Tibetan languages  0 0 5 3,965 2,005 1,960
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 5,560 2,605 2,955
        Turkish  20 15 5 16,615 8,755 7,865
        Ukrainian  1,355 575 775 41,455 18,275 23,185
        Urdu  80 45 35 128,730 65,470 63,260
        Vietnamese  140 60 80 65,915 30,920 34,990
        Yiddish  0 0 0 5,105 2,350 2,760
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 205 100 100 26,410 12,725 13,690
  Multiple responses          2,210 995 1,220 287,290 138,385 148,910
    English and French  565 265 305 46,605 21,805 24,795
    English and non-official language  1,475 650 825 219,425 106,790 112,635
    French and non-official language  135 65 70 13,645 6,285 7,365
    English, French and non-official language 25 10 10 7,615 3,495 4,115
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 219,595 108,750 110,850 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,730
  English only 202,560 101,005 101,550 10,984,360 5,445,050 5,539,310
  French only 345 180 160 42,980 18,805 24,175
  English and French 15,780 7,230 8,555 1,395,805 627,725 768,085
  Neither English nor French 910 330 585 298,920 118,765 180,155
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 219,595 108,750 110,845 12,722,065 6,210,340 6,511,730
  English 212,330 105,170 107,155 11,844,580 5,819,520 6,025,055
  French 6,180 3,165 3,010 500,270 235,620 264,655
  English and French 225 105 125 84,230 39,330 44,895
  Neither English nor French 860 305 555 292,980 115,860 177,115
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 6,290 3,220 3,070 542,390 255,285 287,100
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 2.9 3.0 2.8 4.3 4.1 4.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 219,600 108,750 110,845 12,722,065 6,210,340 6,511,730
  Single responses 217,090 107,590 109,500 12,156,790 5,936,965 6,219,825
    English 207,525 102,935 104,585 10,044,810 4,930,610 5,114,200
    French 2,345 1,175 1,160 284,115 133,495 150,620
    Non-official languages 7,230 3,475 3,750 1,827,870 872,860 955,010
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 3,085 1,585 1,500 5,935 3,000 2,930
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 260 125 135 1,920 950 970
        Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 0 80 20 60
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
        Ojibway 1,780 960 820 2,855 1,510 1,345
        Oji-Cree 1,045 500 545 1,065 505 555
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 4,060 1,855 2,210 1,811,985 864,990 946,995
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,405 675 730
        Afrikaans 5 5 5 775 385 390
        Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 5,305 2,390 2,915
        Albanian 0 0 0 10,055 5,075 4,980
        Amharic 15 5 5 5,280 2,400 2,880
        Arabic 55 25 25 76,410 38,095 38,315
        Armenian 0 0 0 7,375 3,435 3,940
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 885 420 465
        Bengali 25 15 15 26,895 13,495 13,405
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 40 20 20
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5 2,045 895 1,150
        Bosnian 0 0 0 3,525 1,765 1,760
        Bulgarian 5 0 5 5,165 2,535 2,630
        Burmese 35 15 20 885 425 460
        Cantonese 45 20 30 147,795 68,295 79,500
        Chinese, n.o.s. 180 85 95 135,665 64,765 70,895
        Creoles 5 0 5 4,720 2,120 2,600
        Croatian 100 40 55 13,185 6,320 6,865
        Czech 10 5 5 4,325 2,055 2,265
        Danish 10 5 5 335 170 170
        Dutch 30 15 10 5,395 2,535 2,855
        Estonian 15 5 10 1,260 475 785
        Finnish 645 290 355 2,280 1,005 1,270
        Flemish 0 0 0 230 105 130
        Fukien 5 0 0 1,045 495 550
        German 180 90 95 39,180 18,925 20,255
        Greek 50 20 35 23,590 11,185 12,405
        Gujarati 20 10 10 42,445 20,860 21,585
        Hakka 0 0 0 1,595 740 855
        Hebrew 0 5 0 5,240 2,630 2,610
        Hindi 25 15 10 24,650 12,200 12,450
        Hungarian 30 15 15 15,440 7,260 8,175
        Ilocano 5 5 0 2,920 1,170 1,745
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 590 590
        Italian 1,055 460 595 88,835 39,140 49,695
        Japanese 5 5 5 5,765 2,535 3,235
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 4,065 1,860 2,205
        Korean 15 5 10 47,245 22,575 24,675
        Kurdish 5 0 0 3,580 1,835 1,745
        Lao 0 0 0 2,855 1,445 1,410
        Latvian 5 5 5 1,270 535 730
        Lingala 0 0 0 240 95 140
        Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,780 765 1,015
        Macedonian 0 0 0 7,290 3,495 3,795
        Malay 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,005
        Malayalam 0 0 0 5,315 2,665 2,645
        Maltese 0 0 0 1,295 625 670
        Mandarin 45 25 20 96,610 46,980 49,630
        Marathi 0 0 0 1,980 1,015 965
        Nepali 20 10 15 2,480 1,260 1,220
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,830 870 960
        Norwegian 5 0 0 120 50 75
        Oromo 0 0 0 1,040 490 545
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 20 10 124,100 62,105 61,995
        Pashto 5 0 0 5,765 2,875 2,890
        Persian (Farsi) 55 25 25 69,200 33,860 35,335
        Polish 315 130 180 60,730 28,490 32,240
        Portuguese 160 75 85 70,210 33,690 36,520
        Romanian 40 20 20 22,845 10,960 11,880
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 375 180 195
        Russian 45 25 25 64,425 30,385 34,045
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 395 165 230
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10,360 4,980 5,375
        Serbian 10 0 5 26,000 12,665 13,335
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 2,500 1,220 1,285
        Shanghainese 0 0 0 660 300 365
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 35 15 2,650 1,535 1,115
        Sindhi 5 0 0 2,835 1,265 1,565
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 4,480 2,195 2,280
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 1,410 710 695
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 565 265 300
        Slovak 10 5 5 3,185 1,485 1,700
        Slovenian 35 15 20 1,815 830 990
        Somali 0 0 0 15,450 6,520 8,935
        Spanish 120 60 60 106,735 51,645 55,085
        Swahili 0 0 0 2,025 940 1,080
        Swedish 5 0 0 410 200 210
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 40 70 65,225 27,135 38,095
        Taiwanese 0 0 0 1,495 710 785
        Tamil 5 5 5 83,645 40,665 42,980
        Telugu 0 0 0 3,820 1,955 1,870
        Thai 10 0 5 1,320 650 675
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0 3,200 1,615 1,585
        Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,075 1,390 1,680
        Turkish 10 5 5 10,395 5,265 5,135
        Ukrainian 135 55 75 15,240 6,810 8,425
        Urdu 45 20 25 83,520 41,750 41,770
        Vietnamese 70 35 40 47,355 22,240 25,120
        Yiddish 0 0 0 530 260 275
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 80 35 45 9,950 4,865 5,085
  Multiple responses         2,505 1,160 1,345 565,270 273,370 291,895
    English and French 395 185 215 37,955 17,250 20,705
    English and non-official language 2,055 950 1,105 509,105 248,050 261,055
    French and non-official language 15 5 15 6,370 2,855 3,520
    English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 11,845 5,225 6,620
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 219,595 108,750 110,845 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,725
  None 200,545 99,705 100,840 10,611,255 5,199,975 5,411,280
  Single responses  18,815 8,935 9,875 2,066,620 989,785 1,076,835
    English  5,065 2,575 2,490 848,410 416,070 432,340
    French  3,210 1,430 1,785 227,040 101,685 125,355
    Non-official languages  10,540 4,935 5,610 991,165 472,030 519,140
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 5,075 2,400 2,680 10,750 4,985 5,770
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  175 75 95 2,120 980 1,140
        Dene  0 0 5 15 10 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Inuktitut  0 0 0 220 85 135
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0 50 20 30
        Ojibway  3,105 1,465 1,630 6,505 3,030 3,470
        Oji-Cree  1,800 855 945 1,840 870 970
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 5,365 2,490 2,875 966,445 460,560 505,885
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 1,340 675 665
        Afrikaans  5 5 5 1,285 630 660
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0 4,585 2,195 2,390
        Albanian  5 5 0 4,625 2,315 2,310
        Amharic  10 0 0 3,085 1,430 1,655
        Arabic  85 50 35 45,670 24,305 21,360
        Armenian  0 0 0 3,700 1,785 1,910
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 1,490 675 810
        Bengali  20 10 10 8,115 4,155 3,960
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 50 25 20
        Bisayan languages  10 0 5 1,600 585 1,010
        Bosnian  0 0 0 1,790 875 915
        Bulgarian  0 0 0 2,240 1,050 1,185
        Burmese  10 5 5 405 200 205
        Cantonese  40 15 25 41,885 19,995 21,890
        Chinese, n.o.s.  75 35 40 35,080 16,715 18,365
        Creoles  20 10 10 7,720 3,355 4,370
        Croatian  95 50 45 13,060 6,290 6,770
        Czech  25 10 10 3,765 1,645 2,115
        Danish  25 15 10 1,690 740 950
        Dutch  155 75 80 18,365 8,275 10,095
        Estonian  15 5 10 1,850 785 1,065
        Finnish  840 370 470 3,725 1,530 2,195
        Flemish  5 0 5 590 230 355
        Fukien  0 0 0 1,440 695 750
        German  610 260 345 44,850 20,385 24,470
        Greek  95 45 45 29,400 14,815 14,580
        Gujarati  0 0 0 17,855 8,935 8,915
        Hakka  0 0 0 1,010 480 530
        Hebrew  0 0 0 8,795 4,415 4,380
        Hindi  15 5 5 31,720 16,115 15,605
        Hungarian  60 40 25 11,610 5,225 6,380
        Ilocano  5 0 0 2,215 830 1,385
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 1,050 550 505
        Italian  1,330 660 670 100,275 49,240 51,035
        Japanese  25 10 10 5,765 2,425 3,350
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0 2,105 985 1,120
        Korean  20 10 10 11,915 5,615 6,300
        Kurdish  0 0 5 1,355 730 625
        Lao  5 0 0 1,600 815 785
        Latvian  5 5 5 1,525 620 900
        Lingala  0 0 0 1,220 505 715
        Lithuanian  5 0 5 1,685 675 1,010
        Macedonian  0 0 0 5,710 2,780 2,930
        Malay  5 5 5 2,010 875 1,135
        Malayalam  5 0 5 4,210 2,120 2,085
        Maltese  0 0 0 2,270 1,045 1,225
        Mandarin  25 5 25 22,435 10,105 12,330
        Marathi  5 5 0 1,255 620 640
        Nepali  5 0 5 655 325 335
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 4,890 2,350 2,540
        Norwegian  10 5 10 475 205 265
        Oromo  5 5 0 450 235 225
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 5 15 36,175 18,600 17,575
        Pashto  0 0 0 1,565 845 715
        Persian (Farsi)  30 15 10 19,325 10,130 9,195
        Polish  385 165 220 36,540 16,475 20,070
        Portuguese  195 90 100 56,065 27,195 28,865
        Romanian  20 15 5 11,640 5,370 6,265
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0 535 225 310
        Russian  40 15 25 20,915 9,535 11,380
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0 555 220 335
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 3,145 1,560 1,585
        Serbian  20 15 10 11,025 5,500 5,525
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0 1,355 675 675
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 460 185 275
        Sign languages, n.i.e 30 10 20 1,530 620 905
        Sindhi  0 0 0 2,660 1,255 1,410
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0 4,160 2,055 2,105
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 175 85 95
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 570 280 295
        Slovak  45 20 25 2,965 1,305 1,665
        Slovenian  35 20 20 2,445 1,075 1,370
        Somali  0 0 0 7,410 3,415 4,000
        Spanish  250 120 135 64,810 31,120 33,695
        Swahili  5 5 5 3,240 1,485 1,755
        Swedish  15 5 10 1,240 520 720
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  135 40 90 48,070 17,385 30,690
        Taiwanese  5 0 0 1,050 480 570
        Tamil  10 5 0 23,860 11,970 11,885
        Telugu  5 0 0 1,730 910 820
        Thai  10 5 5 1,120 375 745
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 445 235 210
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 1,945 930 1,015
        Turkish  5 5 0 4,610 2,460 2,150
        Ukrainian  310 125 180 12,170 5,285 6,880
        Urdu  25 10 10 34,535 17,635 16,895
        Vietnamese  60 25 35 15,425 7,320 8,105
        Yiddish  0 0 0 1,540 660 875
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 100 45 55 13,970 6,485 7,490
  Multiple responses          235 105 130 44,190 20,580 23,610
    English and French  15 5 10 6,970 3,210 3,760
    English and non-official language  30 15 15 15,600 7,690 7,910
    French and non-official language  185 80 100 21,270 9,505 11,765
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0 350 170 180

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. North West (Health Region), Ontario and Ontario (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North West
(HR)
Ontario
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 29.9%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.1%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 216,405 107,215 109,190 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
Canadian citizens 212,960 105,765 107,200 11,784,075 5,777,980 6,006,095
Canadian citizens aged under 18 45,020 23,225 21,785 2,563,970 1,318,410 1,245,560
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 167,945 82,535 85,410 9,220,105 4,459,570 4,760,540
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,440 1,450 1,990 867,715 403,465 464,250
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 216,405 107,215 109,190 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 200,040 99,615 100,425 8,906,000 4,410,240 4,495,765
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 15,820 7,380 8,435 3,611,365 1,706,385 1,904,985
Before 1971 8,750 4,115 4,625 723,030 341,820 381,210
1971 to 1980 2,390 1,070 1,320 464,380 217,990 246,390
1981 to 1990 1,355 645 705 538,285 258,095 280,190
1991 to 2000 1,185 530 650 866,220 408,270 457,950
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,145 1,015 1,135 1,019,460 480,210 539,250
2001 to 2005 935 440 500 518,405 245,850 272,550
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,210 575 630 501,060 234,360 266,695
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 550 220 335 134,425 64,825 69,600
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 15,815 7,385 8,435 3,611,365 1,706,380 1,904,985
Under 5 years 2,510 1,240 1,265 350,090 173,590 176,505
5 to 14 years 3,110 1,600 1,505 640,595 323,135 317,460
15 to 24 years 4,380 1,990 2,395 845,915 378,010 467,905
25 to 44 years 5,140 2,260 2,880 1,447,265 684,940 762,330
45 years and over 680 290 395 327,500 146,710 180,790
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 216,405 107,215 109,190 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 200,040 99,615 100,425 8,906,000 4,410,235 4,495,765
Born in province of residence 171,785 85,905 85,880 7,916,105 3,934,410 3,981,695
Born outside province of residence 28,255 13,710 14,545 989,900 475,825 514,070
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 15,815 7,380 8,435 3,611,365 1,706,385 1,904,985
Americas 2,870 1,150 1,715 580,045 256,295 323,750
United States 2,250 845 1,400 115,045 49,740 65,305
Jamaica 15 0 10 111,475 46,140 65,330
Guyana 40 25 0 80,070 35,575 44,500
Haiti 0 0 0 9,280 3,800 5,480
Mexico 160 85 70 27,185 12,665 14,515
Trinidad and Tobago 95 55 45 54,680 24,370 30,310
Colombia 0 0 0 26,720 12,535 14,190
El Salvador 60 25 35 19,650 9,975 9,670
Peru 0 0 0 10,315 4,465 5,855
Chile 0 0 0 8,630 4,140 4,490
Other places of birth in Americas 205 95 110 117,000 52,895 64,100
Europe 10,585 5,165 5,420 1,206,005 576,930 629,075
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,950 800 1,150 291,935 137,350 154,590
Italy 2,245 1,110 1,135 170,710 85,695 85,015
Germany 1,095 555 545 68,175 31,450 36,720
Poland 725 300 430 101,815 46,325 55,490
Portugal 400 220 175 103,765 50,910 52,855
Netherlands 725 425 305 53,395 26,960 26,435
France 110 40 70 12,935 6,020 6,915
Romania 130 70 65 40,700 19,140 21,555
Russian Federation 80 20 65 41,920 18,965 22,955
Greece 130 70 60 39,410 19,940 19,465
Ukraine 140 55 85 38,955 17,170 21,790
Croatia 225 130 100 27,940 13,370 14,565
Hungary 180 105 75 23,510 11,030 12,480
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 30 30 22,105 11,265 10,835
Serbia 35 20 15 23,845 11,385 12,455
Ireland, Republic of 85 25 60 16,995 7,900 9,090
Other places of birth in Europe 2,265 1,200 1,065 127,905 62,045 65,860
Africa 320 170 155 195,905 95,160 100,740
Morocco 0 0 0 5,395 2,535 2,865
Algeria 0 0 0 2,415 1,340 1,075
Egypt 40 25 0 26,200 14,035 12,160
South Africa, Republic of 100 35 65 18,405 9,230 9,175
Nigeria 25 20 0 17,220 8,740 8,480
Ethiopia 30 0 0 13,150 6,060 7,095
Kenya 0 0 0 14,170 6,400 7,770
Other places of birth in Africa 115 70 40 98,955 46,830 52,120
Asia 1,955 865 1,090 1,617,325 772,130 845,200
India 215 120 95 310,410 153,835 156,570
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 315 155 160 267,780 123,410 144,370
Philippines 590 210 380 204,035 83,860 120,175
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 75 35 45 105,855 49,885 55,970
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 110 55 55 79,645 37,480 42,160
Pakistan 45 15 25 114,595 58,165 56,430
Sri Lanka 20 0 0 110,800 54,755 56,050
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 55 30 25 70,305 36,070 34,240
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 15 0 10 55,485 26,190 29,295
Lebanon 10 0 0 30,135 15,770 14,365
Taiwan 0 0 0 17,420 7,765 9,660
Iraq 30 0 0 36,355 18,645 17,700
Bangladesh 50 0 0 30,210 15,595 14,615
Afghanistan 0 0 0 26,390 13,325 13,065
Japan 0 0 0 8,015 2,510 5,505
Turkey 25 0 0 13,875 7,215 6,660
Other places of birth in Asia 380 165 220 136,030 67,670 68,355
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 90 35 55 12,085 5,860 6,220
Fiji 0 0 0 2,395 1,140 1,255
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 85 40 50 9,685 4,720 4,970
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 550 215 330 134,425 64,825 69,600
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,215 575 630 501,060 234,365 266,695
Americas 365 180 180 82,225 38,805 43,425
United States 295 145 155 20,675 10,260 10,415
Mexico 35 20 15 6,640 3,010 3,625
Cuba 0 0 0 2,620 1,265 1,360
Haiti 0 0 0 3,785 1,505 2,285
Jamaica 0 0 0 8,610 4,135 4,480
Brazil 0 0 0 3,885 1,825 2,060
Colombia 0 0 0 10,720 5,115 5,605
Guyana 0 0 0 5,615 2,420 3,195
Peru 0 0 0 1,955 790 1,170
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0 2,100 1,050 1,050
Other places of birth in Americas 25 0 0 15,615 7,430 8,185
Europe 150 80 75 59,945 28,535 31,410
France 0 0 0 1,805 885 915
Germany 0 0 0 2,040 995 1,040
Poland 0 0 0 3,190 1,135 2,050
Romania 25 0 0 4,725 1,990 2,740
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0 1,415 665 745
Russian Federation 0 0 0 7,885 3,500 4,385
Ukraine 0 0 0 5,635 2,285 3,355
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 75 45 30 11,145 6,215 4,930
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 10 22,105 10,860 11,245
Africa 95 40 55 40,950 19,620 21,325
Nigeria 0 0 0 7,410 3,665 3,740
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,475 1,080 1,400
Mauritius 0 0 0 1,520 675 840
Somalia 0 0 0 2,430 1,050 1,380
Algeria 0 0 0 595 270 330
Egypt 35 0 0 6,240 3,215 3,020
Morocco 0 0 0 1,115 520 590
Tunisia 0 0 0 270 130 140
Cameroon 0 0 0 1,210 600 610
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0 1,790 800 985
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 1,430 725 710
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 0 14,465 6,895 7,575
Asia 580 265 315 316,080 146,340 169,740
Philippines 200 70 130 53,235 21,660 31,570
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 70 50 20 53,950 24,195 29,755
India 15 0 0 67,170 32,785 34,385
Pakistan 0 0 0 23,370 11,210 12,160
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0 16,925 8,060 8,860
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0 9,950 4,590 5,360
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 16,600 7,815 8,785
Iraq 0 0 0 12,085 5,925 6,155
Bangladesh 45 0 0 9,520 4,795 4,725
Lebanon 0 0 0 3,650 1,885 1,760
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0 4,810 1,825 2,990
Taiwan 0 0 0 2,280 1,045 1,235
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,885 2,535 2,350
Japan 0 0 0 1,905 500 1,400
Turkey 0 0 0 3,255 1,670 1,580
Israel 0 0 0 2,825 1,400 1,420
Nepal 0 0 0 2,780 1,490 1,295
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 2,120 860 1,265
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 3,570 1,785 1,780
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 2,470 1,330 1,140
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0 2,030 1,050 975
Other places of birth in Asia 185 85 100 16,700 7,920 8,775
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 0 0 1,860 1,060 795
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 216,405 107,210 109,190 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 16,675 7,740 8,935 3,779,630 1,788,770 1,990,855
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 37,575 18,080 19,500 2,849,290 1,420,780 1,428,515
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 162,160 81,405 80,760 6,022,870 2,971,895 3,050,975
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 216,405 107,215 109,195 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,740 2,480 2,265 3,279,565 1,582,480 1,697,085
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 705 425 285 965,990 484,355 481,635
Chinese 855 465 390 629,140 301,575 327,570
Black 635 330 300 539,205 251,295 287,915
Filipino 875 335 540 275,380 116,825 158,555
Latin American 310 155 150 172,560 83,205 89,360
Arab 135 80 55 151,645 79,620 72,025
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 365 170 195 137,875 67,645 70,230
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 65 40 25 122,530 62,515 60,010
Korean 40 10 30 78,290 38,045 40,250
Japanese 390 240 150 29,085 13,345 15,740
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 135 95 45 81,130 37,300 43,830
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 225 125 105 96,735 46,765 49,970
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 211,670 104,740 106,930 9,372,225 4,598,965 4,773,260
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 216,405 107,215 109,190 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
North American Aboriginal origins 41,055 20,135 20,915 441,395 210,490 230,905
First Nations (North American Indian) 34,705 17,055 17,650 345,870 165,000 180,875
Inuit 220 90 130 6,175 2,815 3,365
Métis 7,000 3,445 3,560 97,045 46,365 50,680
Other North American origins 51,330 25,305 26,025 3,059,480 1,507,105 1,552,380
Acadian 190 125 65 15,180 7,350 7,825
American 2,300 1,155 1,150 136,500 64,910 71,595
Canadian 49,500 24,465 25,035 2,946,095 1,453,390 1,492,705
New Brunswicker 0 0 0 265 120 150
Newfoundlander 95 35 60 9,590 4,820 4,770
Nova Scotian 0 0 0 1,135 605 525
Ontarian 20 0 0 2,290 1,035 1,255
Québécois 195 75 120 6,115 2,880 3,235
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 15 0 0 1,385 645 745
European origins 168,465 83,095 85,370 8,231,410 4,019,885 4,211,525
British Isles origins 100,450 49,365 51,085 4,989,725 2,423,095 2,566,630
Channel Islander 0 0 0 960 515 450
Cornish 0 0 0 695 355 345
English 58,600 28,405 30,195 2,925,660 1,414,400 1,511,260
Irish 39,005 18,590 20,415 2,069,110 980,610 1,088,495
Manx 20 15 0 1,990 1,050 945
Scottish 44,535 21,960 22,575 2,080,545 1,005,460 1,075,090
Welsh 3,485 1,540 1,940 192,650 91,285 101,365
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,475 1,895 1,580 293,170 139,080 154,090
French origins 36,655 17,720 18,935 1,363,370 650,845 712,520
Alsatian 0 0 0 1,045 465 580
Breton 0 0 0 340 155 185
French 36,655 17,720 18,935 1,362,320 650,350 711,970
Western European origins (except French origins) 35,230 17,065 18,165 1,711,125 835,600 875,520
Austrian 1,595 635 955 68,790 33,745 35,040
Belgian 930 500 435 52,635 25,910 26,720
Dutch 8,560 4,195 4,360 508,595 250,305 258,290
Flemish 140 90 55 4,860 2,430 2,440
Frisian 0 0 0 2,705 1,465 1,245
German 25,020 11,985 13,040 1,154,550 561,145 593,405
Luxembourger 0 0 0 955 480 475
Swiss 1,435 680 755 57,270 28,440 28,830
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0 675 300 370
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 33,070 15,905 17,160 255,555 123,125 132,435
Danish 2,200 995 1,200 53,145 25,695 27,455
Finnish 17,450 8,340 9,115 74,505 35,655 38,850
Icelandic 1,630 890 740 13,130 6,475 6,650
Norwegian 5,925 2,855 3,065 56,215 27,490 28,725
Swedish 9,590 4,815 4,780 67,795 32,095 35,700
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 530 205 330 8,985 4,350 4,640