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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada Canada
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 59.9 60.1 59.7 59.9 60.1 59.7
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 72.2 73.1 71.2 72.2 73.1 71.2
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 23.2 21.7 24.6 23.2 21.7 24.6
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 52.3 60.0 44.6 52.3 60.0 44.6
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 34.0 40.7 27.1 34.0 40.7 27.1
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 18.3 19.3 17.4 18.3 19.3 17.4
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 16.2 12.4 19.9 16.2 12.4 19.9
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 6.3 6.8 5.9 6.3 6.8 5.9
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 8.3 7.1 9.6 8.3 7.1 9.6
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 17.5 17.3 17.7 17.5 17.3 17.7
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 7.1 5.1 9.0 7.1 5.1 9.0
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 14.1 11.6 16.5 14.1 11.6 16.5
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 14.7 12.4 17.1 14.7 12.4 17.1
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 6.0 5.6 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.4
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 4.1 3.6 4.6 4.1 3.6 4.6
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 121 141 103 121 141 103
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 205 289 130 205 289 130
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 516 576 443 516 576 443
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 404.9 464.6 361.3 404.9 464.6 361.3
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 49.9 60.8 40.8 49.9 60.8 40.8
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 56.9 69.3 47.6 56.9 69.3 47.6
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 98.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 98.4
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 124.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 124.3 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 20.1 22.7 17.5 20.1 22.7 17.5
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 15.3 17.3 13.3 15.3 17.3 13.3
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 18.2 25.5 11.0 18.2 25.5 11.0
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 53.8 56.3 51.5 53.8 56.3 51.5
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 40.5 33.7 47.1 40.5 33.7 47.1
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 29.6 26.1 32.9 29.6 26.1 32.9
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.5
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.8
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 84.9 80.9 88.9 84.9 80.9 88.9
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 81.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 81.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 27.1 Note ...: not applicable 27.1 27.1 Note ...: not applicable 27.1
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 10.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 290 323 259 290 323 259
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 7.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 15.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 67 54 80 67 54 80
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 2.0 Note ...: not applicable 2.0 2.0 Note ...: not applicable 2.0
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 6.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 6.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 13.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 182.5 230.4 136.7 182.5 230.4 136.7
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 117.9 159.1 78.2 117.9 159.1 78.2
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 64.6 71.2 58.5 64.6 71.2 58.5
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 11.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 11.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 435 311 518 435 311 518
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 5.1 5.3 4.8 5.1 5.3 4.8
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 16.7 17.9 15.5 16.7 17.9 15.5
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 5.0 5.4 4.6 5.0 5.4 4.6
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 81.1 78.8 83.3 81.1 78.8 83.3
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 20.2 18.5 21.6 20.2 18.5 21.6
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 542.3 670.1 443.1 542.3 670.1 443.1
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 166.4 202.1 141.1 166.4 202.1 141.1
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 17.9 22.4 14.3 17.9 22.4 14.3
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 45.4 57.8 36.1 45.4 57.8 36.1
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 11.9 Note ...: not applicable 21.8 11.9 Note ...: not applicable 21.8
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 8.3 21.0 Note ...: not applicable 8.3 21.0 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 157.3 199.8 123.7 157.3 199.8 123.7
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 84.6 117.0 59.2 84.6 117.0 59.2
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 30.8 33.4 28.6 30.8 33.4 28.6
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 41.9 49.5 36.0 41.9 49.5 36.0
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 45.0 59.4 36.1 45.0 59.4 36.1
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 11.7 14.5 10.0 11.7 14.5 10.0
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 2.4 3.0 2.0 2.4 3.0 2.0
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 30.8 41.9 24.0 30.8 41.9 24.0
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 25.1 34.5 16.3 25.1 34.5 16.3
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 10.2 15.8 4.8 10.2 15.8 4.8
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 1.2 1.9 0.5 1.2 1.9 0.5
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 251.7 312.2 194.0 251.7 312.2 194.0
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 65.4 64.4 66.4 65.4 64.4 66.4
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 92.3 92.4 92.3 92.3 92.4 92.3
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 88.4 86.0 90.8 88.4 86.0 90.8
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 66.5 64.6 68.3 66.5 64.6 68.3
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 7.5 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 7.5 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 14.2 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 14.2 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 14.8 13.9 15.7 14.8 13.9 15.7
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 16.1 16.1 16.2 16.1 16.1 16.2
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 60.0 59.5 60.4 60.0 59.5 60.4
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 8.7 8.6 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.9
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.4 12.3 12.5
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 18.9 19.6 18.2 18.9 19.6 18.2
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 3.73 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3.73 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 57.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 57.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) 23.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 20.6 20.0 21.2 20.6 20.0 21.2
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 13.9 13.9 13.8 13.9 13.9 13.8
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 86.7 86.4 86.9 86.7 86.4 86.9
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 16.3 3.5 12.8 16.3 3.5 12.8
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 19.1 18.8 19.3 19.1 18.8 19.3
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 62 102 25 62 102 25
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 172 265 87 172 265 87
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 233 365 111 233 365 111
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 105 100 108 105 100 108
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 169 143 194 169 143 194
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 320 Note ...: not applicable 320 320 Note ...: not applicable 320
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 489 511 465 489 511 465
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 707 739 671 707 739 671
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 106 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 106 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 103 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 103 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

Return to health data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

Return to health data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Canada = 26.1%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Canada and Canada (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Census data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada Canada
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 33,476,685 16,414,225 17,062,460 33,476,685 16,414,225 17,062,460
0 to 4 years 1,877,095 961,150 915,945 1,877,095 961,150 915,945
5 to 9 years 1,809,895 925,965 883,935 1,809,895 925,965 883,935
10 to 14 years 1,920,355 983,995 936,360 1,920,355 983,995 936,360
15 to 19 years 2,178,135 1,115,845 1,062,295 2,178,135 1,115,845 1,062,295
15 years 423,755 216,765 206,985 423,755 216,765 206,985
16 years 432,490 222,445 210,045 432,490 222,445 210,045
17 years 434,060 223,015 211,045 434,060 223,015 211,045
18 years 439,700 225,050 214,650 439,700 225,050 214,650
19 years 448,130 228,570 219,560 448,130 228,570 219,560
20 to 24 years 2,187,450 1,108,775 1,078,670 2,187,450 1,108,775 1,078,670
25 to 29 years 2,169,590 1,077,275 1,092,315 2,169,590 1,077,275 1,092,315
30 to 34 years 2,162,905 1,058,810 1,104,095 2,162,905 1,058,810 1,104,095
35 to 39 years 2,173,930 1,064,200 1,109,735 2,173,930 1,064,200 1,109,735
40 to 44 years 2,324,875 1,141,720 1,183,155 2,324,875 1,141,720 1,183,155
45 to 49 years 2,675,130 1,318,715 1,356,420 2,675,130 1,318,715 1,356,420
50 to 54 years 2,658,965 1,309,030 1,349,940 2,658,965 1,309,030 1,349,940
55 to 59 years 2,340,635 1,147,300 1,193,335 2,340,635 1,147,300 1,193,335
60 to 64 years 2,052,670 1,002,690 1,049,985 2,052,670 1,002,690 1,049,985
65 to 69 years 1,521,715 738,010 783,705 1,521,715 738,010 783,705
70 to 74 years 1,153,065 543,435 609,630 1,153,065 543,435 609,630
75 to 79 years 922,700 417,945 504,755 922,700 417,945 504,755
80 to 84 years 702,070 291,085 410,985 702,070 291,085 410,985
85 years and over 645,515 208,300 437,215 645,515 208,300 437,215
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 40.6 39.6 41.5 40.6 39.6 41.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.2 82.5 84.0 83.2 82.5 84.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 27,869,340 13,543,130 14,326,215 27,869,340 13,543,130 14,326,215
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,084,490 8,045,795 8,038,700 16,084,490 8,045,795 8,038,700
Married (and not separated) 12,941,960 6,470,300 6,471,660 12,941,960 6,470,300 6,471,660
Living common law 3,142,525 1,575,495 1,567,035 3,142,525 1,575,495 1,567,035
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 11,784,855 5,497,335 6,287,515 11,784,855 5,497,335 6,287,515
Single (never legally married) 7,816,045 4,206,320 3,609,730 7,816,045 4,206,320 3,609,730
Separated 698,240 299,655 398,585 698,240 299,655 398,585
Divorced 1,686,035 680,415 1,005,620 1,686,035 680,415 1,005,620
Widowed 1,584,530 310,940 1,273,590 1,584,530 310,940 1,273,590
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 9,389,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,389,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 4,679,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,679,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 2,048,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,048,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 1,870,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,870,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 791,130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 791,130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 9,389,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,389,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 7,861,855 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,861,855 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 6,293,950 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6,293,950 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 2,891,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,891,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 3,402,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,402,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,288,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,288,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,475,220 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,475,220 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 638,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 638,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 1,567,910 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,567,910 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 861,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 861,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 706,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 706,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 321,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 321,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 273,620 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 273,620 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 111,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 111,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 1,527,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,527,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 1,200,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,200,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 710,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 710,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 352,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 352,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 137,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 137,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 327,545 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 327,545 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 216,910 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 216,910 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 85,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 85,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 24,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 24,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 9,971,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,971,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 2,217,355 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,217,355 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 3,322,875 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,322,875 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 1,240,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,240,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 2,062,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,062,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 1,128,280 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,128,280 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 32,856,980 16,153,945 16,703,035 32,856,980 16,153,945 16,703,035
Number of persons not in census families 5,634,105 2,678,530 2,955,575 5,634,105 2,678,530 2,955,575
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 735,685 309,510 426,175 735,685 309,510 426,175
Living with non-relatives only 1,225,115 689,960 535,150 1,225,115 689,960 535,150
Living alone 3,673,310 1,679,055 1,994,250 3,673,310 1,679,055 1,994,250
Number of census family persons 27,222,870 13,475,410 13,747,460 27,222,870 13,475,410 13,747,460
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 4,551,900 2,081,795 2,470,110 4,551,900 2,081,795 2,470,110
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 1,527,630 445,865 1,081,770 1,527,630 445,865 1,081,770
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 224,755 52,375 172,380 224,755 52,375 172,380
Living with non-relatives only 87,185 42,230 44,955 87,185 42,230 44,955
Living alone 1,215,695 351,260 864,435 1,215,695 351,260 864,435
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 3,024,275 1,635,935 1,388,340 3,024,275 1,635,935 1,388,340
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 9,103,965 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,103,965 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 8,263,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,263,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 7,070,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,070,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 3,394,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,394,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 3,676,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,676,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 1,193,210 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,193,210 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 840,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 840,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 572,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 572,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 389,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 389,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 144,240 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 144,240 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 245,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 245,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 182,240 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 182,240 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 268,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 268,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 4,216,650 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,216,650 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 3,673,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,673,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 543,345 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 543,345 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 7,329,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,329,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,234,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,234,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 183,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 183,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 4,573,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,573,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 646,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 646,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 791,600 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 791,600 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 704,485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 704,485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 2,397,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,397,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 33,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 33,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 3,673,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,673,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 4,544,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,544,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 2,081,900 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,081,900 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 1,903,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,903,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 724,405 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 724,405 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 392,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 392,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 32,856,975 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 32,856,975 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  Single responses  32,481,635 15,955,395 16,526,240 32,481,635 15,955,395 16,526,240
    English  18,858,980 9,345,225 9,513,750 18,858,980 9,345,225 9,513,750
    French  7,054,975 3,452,380 3,602,590 7,054,975 3,452,380 3,602,590
    Non-official languages  6,567,680 3,157,785 3,409,895 6,567,680 3,157,785 3,409,895
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 177,360 86,870 90,490 177,360 86,870 90,490
        Atikamekw    5,820 2,975 2,845 5,820 2,975 2,845
        Cree, n.o.s.  77,900 38,055 39,845 77,900 38,055 39,845
        Dene  11,215 5,500 5,720 11,215 5,500 5,720
        Innu/Montagnais  10,785 5,205 5,580 10,785 5,205 5,580
        Inuktitut  33,500 16,725 16,775 33,500 16,725 16,775
        Mi'kmaq  7,635 3,715 3,920 7,635 3,715 3,920
        Ojibway  17,625 8,340 9,285 17,625 8,340 9,285
        Oji-Cree  9,835 4,890 4,945 9,835 4,890 4,945
        Stoney  3,050 1,465 1,580 3,050 1,465 1,580
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 6,312,435 3,032,860 3,279,570 6,312,435 3,032,860 3,279,570
        African languages, n.i.e 9,125 4,920 4,205 9,125 4,920 4,205
        Afrikaans  8,770 4,370 4,400 8,770 4,370 4,400
        Akan (Twi)  12,680 6,145 6,535 12,680 6,145 6,535
        Albanian  23,820 12,205 11,610 23,820 12,205 11,610
        Amharic  18,020 8,745 9,275 18,020 8,745 9,275
        Arabic  327,870 175,535 152,335 327,870 175,535 152,335
        Armenian  29,795 14,525 15,265 29,795 14,525 15,265
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 7,150 3,565 3,590 7,150 3,565 3,590
        Bengali  59,370 30,555 28,815 59,370 30,555 28,815
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5,855 3,210 2,645 5,855 3,210 2,645
        Bisayan languages  16,240 6,185 10,055 16,240 6,185 10,055
        Bosnian  11,685 5,805 5,875 11,685 5,805 5,875
        Bulgarian  19,050 9,305 9,740 19,050 9,305 9,740
        Burmese  2,985 1,515 1,470 2,985 1,515 1,470
        Cantonese  372,460 173,510 198,955 372,460 173,510 198,955
        Chinese, n.o.s.  425,210 200,800 224,410 425,210 200,800 224,410
        Creoles  61,725 27,620 34,105 61,725 27,620 34,105
        Croatian  49,730 24,395 25,335 49,730 24,395 25,335
        Czech  23,585 11,350 12,230 23,585 11,350 12,230
        Danish  14,145 6,950 7,200 14,145 6,950 7,200
        Dutch  110,490 54,060 56,425 110,490 54,060 56,425
        Estonian  6,385 2,755 3,630 6,385 2,755 3,630
        Finnish  17,415 7,390 10,020 17,415 7,390 10,020
        Flemish  4,690 2,060 2,635 4,690 2,060 2,635
        Fukien  5,925 2,730 3,190 5,925 2,730 3,190
        German  409,200 195,415 213,785 409,200 195,415 213,785
        Greek  108,925 55,085 53,840 108,925 55,085 53,840
        Gujarati  91,450 45,570 45,875 91,450 45,570 45,875
        Hakka  5,115 2,360 2,755 5,115 2,360 2,755
        Hebrew  18,450 9,865 8,585 18,450 9,865 8,585
        Hindi  90,545 45,170 45,375 90,545 45,170 45,375
        Hungarian  67,920 32,740 35,180 67,920 32,740 35,180
        Ilocano  17,915 6,945 10,965 17,915 6,945 10,965
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5,255 2,860 2,395 5,255 2,860 2,395
        Italian  407,485 201,985 205,510 407,485 201,985 205,510
        Japanese  39,985 14,035 25,955 39,985 14,035 25,955
        Khmer (Cambodian)  19,440 9,095 10,345 19,440 9,095 10,345
        Korean  137,925 64,090 73,835 137,925 64,090 73,835
        Kurdish  9,805 5,350 4,445 9,805 5,350 4,445
        Lao  12,970 6,375 6,590 12,970 6,375 6,590
        Latvian  6,200 2,700 3,505 6,200 2,700 3,505
        Lingala  3,085 1,440 1,645 3,085 1,440 1,645
        Lithuanian  7,245 3,080 4,165 7,245 3,080 4,165
        Macedonian  17,245 8,405 8,840 17,245 8,405 8,840
        Malay  10,910 4,845 6,060 10,910 4,845 6,060
        Malayalam  16,080 8,200 7,875 16,080 8,200 7,875
        Maltese  6,220 3,125 3,100 6,220 3,125 3,100
        Mandarin  248,705 116,480 132,225 248,705 116,480 132,225
        Marathi  5,830 3,030 2,805 5,830 3,030 2,805
        Nepali  8,480 4,350 4,135 8,480 4,350 4,135
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 14,075 7,385 6,685 14,075 7,385 6,685
        Norwegian  5,800 2,745 3,055 5,800 2,745 3,055
        Oromo  11,140 6,075 5,060 11,140 6,075 5,060
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  430,705 217,015 213,685 430,705 217,015 213,685
        Pashto  12,465 6,470 5,990 12,465 6,470 5,990
        Persian (Farsi)  170,045 86,810 83,235 170,045 86,810 83,235
        Polish  191,645 87,905 103,745 191,645 87,905 103,745
        Portuguese  211,335 102,320 109,015 211,335 102,320 109,015
        Romanian  90,300 43,475 46,820 90,300 43,475 46,820
        Rundi (Kirundi)  3,975 1,875 2,100 3,975 1,875 2,100
        Russian  164,330 75,275 89,050 164,330 75,275 89,050
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  3,895 1,710 2,185 3,895 1,710 2,185
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 16,970 8,395 8,575 16,970 8,395 8,575
        Serbian  56,420 28,125 28,290 56,420 28,125 28,290
        Serbo-Croatian  10,155 4,940 5,215 10,155 4,940 5,215
        Shanghainese  2,920 1,230 1,695 2,920 1,230 1,695
        Sign languages, n.i.e 3,815 2,050 1,760 3,815 2,050 1,760
        Sindhi  11,330 5,290 6,040 11,330 5,290 6,040
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  14,185 7,070 7,110 14,185 7,070 7,110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 4,360 2,225 2,135 4,360 2,225 2,135
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 3,630 1,850 1,785 3,630 1,850 1,785
        Slovak  17,580 8,045 9,540 17,580 8,045 9,540
        Slovenian  10,775 5,015 5,760 10,775 5,015 5,760
        Somali  31,380 14,260 17,120 31,380 14,260 17,120
        Spanish  410,670 199,110 211,565 410,670 199,110 211,565
        Swahili  10,090 5,050 5,045 10,090 5,050 5,045
        Swedish  7,350 3,170 4,175 7,350 3,170 4,175
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  327,445 131,405 196,045 327,445 131,405 196,045
        Taiwanese  9,635 4,450 5,185 9,635 4,450 5,185
        Tamil  131,265 65,145 66,120 131,265 65,145 66,120
        Telugu  9,315 4,910 4,405 9,315 4,910 4,405
        Thai  7,935 2,505 5,425 7,935 2,505 5,425
        Tibetan languages  4,640 2,365 2,270 4,640 2,365 2,270
        Tigrigna  10,220 4,990 5,230 10,220 4,990 5,230
        Turkish  29,640 15,865 13,775 29,640 15,865 13,775
        Ukrainian  111,540 49,570 61,975 111,540 49,570 61,975
        Urdu  172,800 88,295 84,500 172,800 88,295 84,500
        Vietnamese  144,880 68,255 76,625 144,880 68,255 76,625
        Yiddish  15,205 7,400 7,805 15,205 7,400 7,805
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 77,890 38,055 39,835 77,890 38,055 39,835
  Multiple responses          639,540 310,480 329,060 639,540 310,480 329,060
    English and French  144,685 69,975 74,710 144,685 69,975 74,710
    English and non-official language  396,330 192,000 204,330 396,330 192,000 204,330
    French and non-official language  74,430 36,535 37,890 74,430 36,535 37,890
    English, French and non-official language 24,095 11,965 12,130 24,095 11,965 12,130
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  English only 22,564,665 11,222,185 11,342,485 22,564,665 11,222,185 11,342,485
  French only 4,165,015 1,925,340 2,239,680 4,165,015 1,925,340 2,239,680
  English and French 5,795,570 2,876,560 2,919,005 5,795,570 2,876,560 2,919,005
  Neither English nor French 595,920 241,790 354,135 595,920 241,790 354,135
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300
  English 24,662,900 12,172,545 12,490,350 24,662,900 12,172,545 12,490,350
  French 7,507,890 3,671,815 3,836,075 7,507,890 3,671,815 3,836,075
  English and French 367,635 186,235 181,405 367,635 186,235 181,405
  Neither English nor French 582,755 235,280 347,475 582,755 235,280 347,475
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 7,691,705 3,764,930 3,926,770 7,691,705 3,764,930 3,926,770
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 23.2 23.1 23.3 23.2 23.1 23.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300
  Single responses 31,958,800 15,701,165 16,257,640 31,958,800 15,701,165 16,257,640
    English 21,457,075 10,585,620 10,871,455 21,457,075 10,585,620 10,871,455
    French 6,827,865 3,348,235 3,479,625 6,827,865 3,348,235 3,479,625
    Non-official languages 3,673,865 1,767,310 1,906,555 3,673,865 1,767,310 1,906,555
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 114,610 58,055 56,550 114,610 58,055 56,550
        Atikamekw   5,365 2,800 2,565 5,365 2,800 2,565
        Cree, n.o.s. 44,520 22,555 21,970 44,520 22,555 21,970
        Dene 7,960 4,025 3,940 7,960 4,025 3,940
        Innu/Montagnais 9,630 4,700 4,935 9,630 4,700 4,935
        Inuktitut 27,170 13,780 13,390 27,170 13,780 13,390
        Mi'kmaq 4,160 2,100 2,060 4,160 2,100 2,060
        Ojibway 6,850 3,555 3,295 6,850 3,555 3,295
        Oji-Cree 6,875 3,525 3,350 6,875 3,525 3,350
        Stoney 2,070 1,025 1,045 2,070 1,025 1,045
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 3,531,990 1,695,585 1,836,405 3,531,990 1,695,585 1,836,405
        African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 2,085 2,045 4,130 2,085 2,045
        Afrikaans 4,465 2,230 2,235 4,465 2,230 2,235
        Akan (Twi) 6,545 2,980 3,560 6,545 2,980 3,560
        Albanian 13,765 6,985 6,775 13,765 6,985 6,775
        Amharic 10,760 5,065 5,695 10,760 5,065 5,695
        Arabic 181,790 92,840 88,950 181,790 92,840 88,950
        Armenian 19,140 9,035 10,105 19,140 9,035 10,105
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,815 865 950 1,815 865 950
        Bengali 42,065 21,140 20,925 42,065 21,140 20,925
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,995 1,045 950 1,995 1,045 950
        Bisayan languages 5,390 2,395 2,995 5,390 2,395 2,995
        Bosnian 6,705 3,385 3,315 6,705 3,385 3,315
        Bulgarian 12,075 5,940 6,135 12,075 5,940 6,135
        Burmese 1,895 970 925 1,895 970 925
        Cantonese 288,620 133,355 155,265 288,620 133,355 155,265
        Chinese, n.o.s. 297,295 141,425 155,870 297,295 141,425 155,870
        Creoles 25,475 11,045 14,435 25,475 11,045 14,435
        Croatian 18,730 8,950 9,780 18,730 8,950 9,780
        Czech 7,415 3,595 3,820 7,415 3,595 3,820
        Danish 945 475 465 945 475 465
        Dutch 11,530 5,485 6,040 11,530 5,485 6,040
        Estonian 1,450 550 895 1,450 550 895
        Finnish 3,335 1,480 1,855 3,335 1,480 1,855
        Flemish 455 210 245 455 210 245
        Fukien 1,900 875 1,030 1,900 875 1,030
        German 126,375 61,350 65,030 126,375 61,350 65,030
        Greek 47,705 22,800 24,905 47,705 22,800 24,905
        Gujarati 55,725 27,220 28,505 55,725 27,220 28,505
        Hakka 2,050 945 1,110 2,050 945 1,110
        Hebrew 8,400 4,245 4,150 8,400 4,245 4,150
        Hindi 47,080 23,215 23,870 47,080 23,215 23,870
        Hungarian 22,945 10,780 12,165 22,945 10,780 12,165
        Ilocano 6,160 2,610 3,550 6,160 2,610 3,550
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,285 1,165 1,120 2,285 1,165 1,120
        Italian 139,480 61,990 77,485 139,480 61,990 77,485
        Japanese 18,850 8,010 10,835 18,850 8,010 10,835
        Khmer (Cambodian) 11,330 5,250 6,075 11,330 5,250 6,075
        Korean 104,905 49,660 55,245 104,905 49,660 55,245
        Kurdish 6,000 3,125 2,875 6,000 3,125 2,875
        Lao 6,980 3,445 3,540 6,980 3,445 3,540
        Latvian 1,625 715 910 1,625 715 910
        Lingala 880 400 485 880 400 485
        Lithuanian 2,115 915 1,205 2,115 915 1,205
        Macedonian 7,775 3,740 4,035 7,775 3,740 4,035
        Malay 3,940 1,935 2,005 3,940 1,935 2,005
        Malayalam 7,955 4,010 3,940 7,955 4,010 3,940
        Maltese 1,330 640 690 1,330 640 690
        Mandarin 203,275 97,960 105,320 203,275 97,960 105,320
        Marathi 2,800 1,450 1,345 2,800 1,450 1,345
        Nepali 6,320 3,215 3,105 6,320 3,215 3,105
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 1,800 1,985 3,785 1,800 1,985
        Norwegian 575 275 300 575 275 300
        Oromo 4,745 2,445 2,305 4,745 2,445 2,305
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,075 158,375 158,700 317,075 158,375 158,700
        Pashto 8,700 4,390 4,310 8,700 4,390 4,310
        Persian (Farsi) 118,830 58,420 60,415 118,830 58,420 60,415
        Polish 85,210 39,945 45,260 85,210 39,945 45,260
        Portuguese 97,210 46,445 50,760 97,210 46,445 50,760
        Romanian 54,460 26,580 27,880 54,460 26,580 27,880
        Rundi (Kirundi) 1,335 610 720 1,335 610 720
        Russian 109,735 52,320 57,420 109,735 52,320 57,420
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 540 640 1,180 540 640
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 5,640 6,030 11,670 5,640 6,030
        Serbian 34,885 17,100 17,780 34,885 17,100 17,780
        Serbo-Croatian 5,040 2,465 2,580 5,040 2,465 2,580
        Shanghainese 1,325 610 715 1,325 610 715
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,685 2,620 6,305 3,685 2,620
        Sindhi 4,870 2,175 2,695 4,870 2,175 2,695
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,850 3,410 3,440 6,850 3,410 3,440
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 1,795 1,730 3,525 1,795 1,730
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 545 590 1,135 545 590
        Slovak 5,370 2,545 2,825 5,370 2,545 2,825
        Slovenian 2,475 1,095 1,380 2,475 1,095 1,380
        Somali 21,665 9,665 12,000 21,665 9,665 12,000
        Spanish 252,015 123,085 128,935 252,015 123,085 128,935
        Swahili 4,175 2,040 2,130 4,175 2,040 2,130
        Swedish 1,130 535 595 1,130 535 595
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,080 71,145 89,935 161,080 71,145 89,935
        Taiwanese 4,830 2,315 2,515 4,830 2,315 2,515
        Tamil 98,940 48,355 50,590 98,940 48,355 50,590
        Telugu 5,205 2,675 2,530 5,205 2,675 2,530
        Thai 3,215 1,470 1,745 3,215 1,470 1,745
        Tibetan languages 3,620 1,835 1,785 3,620 1,835 1,785
        Tigrigna 5,975 2,845 3,130 5,975 2,845 3,130
        Turkish 18,705 9,510 9,190 18,705 9,510 9,190
        Ukrainian 25,565 11,505 14,065 25,565 11,505 14,065
        Urdu 113,785 57,100 56,680 113,785 57,100 56,680
        Vietnamese 104,960 49,550 55,410 104,960 49,550 55,410
        Yiddish 6,860 3,515 3,350 6,860 3,515 3,350
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 27,265 13,670 13,595 27,265 13,670 13,595
  Multiple responses         1,162,370 564,710 597,665 1,162,370 564,710 597,665
    English and French 131,205 63,475 67,730 131,205 63,475 67,730
    English and non-official language 875,135 425,370 449,765 875,135 425,370 449,765
    French and non-official language 109,700 53,010 56,690 109,700 53,010 56,690
    English, French and non-official language 46,330 22,845 23,485 46,330 22,845 23,485
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  None 28,418,595 13,988,140 14,430,455 28,418,595 13,988,140 14,430,455
  Single responses  4,554,525 2,205,595 2,348,935 4,554,525 2,205,595 2,348,935
    English  1,910,475 948,755 961,715 1,910,475 948,755 961,715
    French  678,940 318,530 360,415 678,940 318,530 360,415
    Non-official languages  1,965,110 938,305 1,026,805 1,965,110 938,305 1,026,805
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 62,935 29,835 33,100 62,935 29,835 33,100
        Atikamekw    470 205 265 470 205 265
        Cree, n.o.s.  32,750 15,645 17,105 32,750 15,645 17,105
        Dene  3,245 1,535 1,710 3,245 1,535 1,710
        Innu/Montagnais  1,065 490 580 1,065 490 580
        Inuktitut  7,230 3,510 3,720 7,230 3,510 3,720
        Mi'kmaq  3,135 1,435 1,700 3,135 1,435 1,700
        Ojibway  10,870 5,040 5,835 10,870 5,040 5,835
        Oji-Cree  3,300 1,570 1,730 3,300 1,570 1,730
        Stoney  865 410 455 865 410 455
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 1,857,185 887,115 970,070 1,857,185 887,115 970,070
        African languages, n.i.e 3,625 1,930 1,695 3,625 1,930 1,695
        Afrikaans  4,185 2,075 2,110 4,185 2,075 2,110
        Akan (Twi)  6,105 3,010 3,095 6,105 3,010 3,095
        Albanian  6,155 3,095 3,055 6,155 3,095 3,055
        Amharic  5,665 2,785 2,875 5,665 2,785 2,875
        Arabic  116,375 62,625 53,755 116,375 62,625 53,755
        Armenian  6,690 3,270 3,420 6,690 3,270 3,420
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 3,595 1,735 1,860 3,595 1,735 1,860
        Bengali  11,405 5,925 5,475 11,405 5,925 5,475
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  2,040 1,085 955 2,040 1,085 955
        Bisayan languages  4,015 1,515 2,500 4,015 1,515 2,500
        Bosnian  3,365 1,635 1,730 3,365 1,635 1,730
        Bulgarian  3,985 1,850 2,135 3,985 1,850 2,135
        Burmese  860 425 435 860 425 435
        Cantonese  83,955 40,200 43,755 83,955 40,200 43,755
        Chinese, n.o.s.  74,930 35,840 39,090 74,930 35,840 39,090
        Creoles  44,100 19,795 24,305 44,100 19,795 24,305
        Croatian  19,045 9,240 9,805 19,045 9,240 9,805
        Czech  7,540 3,415 4,120 7,540 3,415 4,120
        Danish  4,800 2,145 2,655 4,800 2,145 2,655
        Dutch  34,465 15,800 18,660 34,465 15,800 18,660
        Estonian  2,240 955 1,285 2,240 955 1,285
        Finnish  5,670 2,355 3,310 5,670 2,355 3,310
        Flemish  995 405 585 995 405 585
        Fukien  2,315 1,080 1,235 2,315 1,080 1,235
        German  117,070 54,490 62,585 117,070 54,490 62,585
        Greek  50,670 25,670 25,005 50,670 25,670 25,005
        Gujarati  25,635 12,745 12,890 25,635 12,745 12,890
        Hakka  1,490 685 805 1,490 685 805
        Hebrew  14,270 7,170 7,095 14,270 7,170 7,095
        Hindi  55,375 28,080 27,290 55,375 28,080 27,290
        Hungarian  19,135 8,770 10,360 19,135 8,770 10,360
        Ilocano  4,880 1,895 2,990 4,880 1,895 2,990
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 1,845 980 870 1,845 980 870
        Italian  156,885 77,220 79,665 156,885 77,220 79,665
        Japanese  19,050 7,875 11,175 19,050 7,875 11,175
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5,425 2,545 2,880 5,425 2,545 2,880
        Korean  22,870 10,620 12,255 22,870 10,620 12,255
        Kurdish  2,295 1,245 1,045 2,295 1,245 1,045
        Lao  3,830 1,915 1,915 3,830 1,915 1,915
        Latvian  1,880 760 1,125 1,880 760 1,125
        Lingala  4,235 1,965 2,270 4,235 1,965 2,270
        Lithuanian  2,120 855 1,260 2,120 855 1,260
        Macedonian  5,950 2,890 3,060 5,950 2,890 3,060
        Malay  4,320 1,915 2,405 4,320 1,915 2,405
        Malayalam  6,110 3,085 3,020 6,110 3,085 3,020
        Maltese  2,405 1,110 1,300 2,405 1,110 1,300
        Mandarin  47,785 21,575 26,205 47,785 21,575 26,205
        Marathi  1,740 870 875 1,740 870 875
        Nepali  1,175 605 565 1,175 605 565
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10,610 5,245 5,365 10,610 5,245 5,365
        Norwegian  1,935 885 1,050 1,935 885 1,050
        Oromo  3,315 1,740 1,580 3,315 1,740 1,580
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  83,180 42,490 40,695 83,180 42,490 40,695
        Pashto  2,315 1,245 1,075 2,315 1,245 1,075
        Persian (Farsi)  32,275 17,085 15,190 32,275 17,085 15,190
        Polish  54,580 24,580 30,005 54,580 24,580 30,005
        Portuguese  77,850 37,635 40,215 77,850 37,635 40,215
        Romanian  20,800 9,715 11,085 20,800 9,715 11,085
        Rundi (Kirundi)  1,925 925 1,000 1,925 925 1,000
        Russian  38,805 17,710 21,095 38,805 17,710 21,095
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  1,805 775 1,030 1,805 775 1,030
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 3,685 1,850 1,835 3,685 1,850 1,835
        Serbian  14,890 7,460 7,425 14,890 7,460 7,425
        Serbo-Croatian  2,565 1,255 1,315 2,565 1,255 1,315
        Shanghainese  1,045 445 595 1,045 445 595
        Sign languages, n.i.e 4,300 1,800 2,505 4,300 1,800 2,505
        Sindhi  4,935 2,285 2,645 4,935 2,285 2,645
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  6,060 3,030 3,030 6,060 3,030 3,030
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 465 240 225 465 240 225
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 970 490 485 970 490 485
        Slovak  5,150 2,240 2,910 5,150 2,240 2,910
        Slovenian  3,415 1,515 1,900 3,415 1,515 1,900
        Somali  9,725 4,625 5,095 9,725 4,625 5,095
        Spanish  152,210 73,850 78,365 152,210 73,850 78,365
        Swahili  6,860 3,325 3,535 6,860 3,325 3,535
        Swedish  3,515 1,535 1,985 3,515 1,535 1,985
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  107,960 40,085 67,870 107,960 40,085 67,870
        Taiwanese  4,065 1,915 2,145 4,065 1,915 2,145
        Tamil  27,625 13,960 13,665 27,625 13,960 13,665
        Telugu  2,550 1,365 1,190 2,550 1,365 1,190
        Thai  3,380 1,135 2,240 3,380 1,135 2,240
        Tibetan languages  595 320 280 595 320 280
        Tigrigna  3,330 1,640 1,690 3,330 1,640 1,690
        Turkish  7,815 4,250 3,565 7,815 4,250 3,565
        Ukrainian  32,740 14,290 18,450 32,740 14,290 18,450
        Urdu  45,580 23,440 22,145 45,580 23,440 22,145
        Vietnamese  32,280 15,455 16,830 32,280 15,455 16,830
        Yiddish  3,510 1,555 1,955 3,510 1,555 1,955
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 44,985 21,360 23,630 44,985 21,360 23,630
  Multiple responses          148,055 72,140 75,915 148,055 72,140 75,915
    English and French  40,280 20,290 19,995 40,280 20,290 19,995
    English and non-official language  49,905 24,725 25,180 49,905 24,725 25,180
    French and non-official language  56,385 26,370 30,010 56,385 26,370 30,010
    English, French and non-official language  1,485 755 730 1,485 755 730

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Canada and Canada (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada Canada
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.1%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.1%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 32,852,325 16,163,115 16,689,210 32,852,325 16,163,115 16,689,210
Canadian citizens 30,895,310 15,232,595 15,662,710 30,895,310 15,232,595 15,662,710
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,576,425 3,381,280 3,195,140 6,576,425 3,381,280 3,195,140
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 24,318,885 11,851,320 12,467,565 24,318,885 11,851,320 12,467,565
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,957,015 930,520 1,026,495 1,957,015 930,520 1,026,495
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 25,720,175 12,753,235 12,966,935 25,720,175 12,753,235 12,966,935
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 6,775,765 3,231,370 3,544,400 6,775,765 3,231,370 3,544,400
Before 1971 1,261,055 605,430 655,625 1,261,055 605,430 655,625
1971 to 1980 870,775 416,670 454,105 870,775 416,670 454,105
1981 to 1990 949,890 454,570 495,325 949,890 454,570 495,325
1991 to 2000 1,539,050 724,905 814,145 1,539,050 724,905 814,145
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,154,990 1,029,790 1,125,200 2,154,990 1,029,790 1,125,200
2001 to 2005 992,070 474,545 517,530 992,070 474,545 517,530
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,162,915 555,245 607,670 1,162,915 555,245 607,670
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 356,385 178,515 177,870 356,385 178,515 177,870
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400
Under 5 years 671,795 332,650 339,145 671,795 332,650 339,145
5 to 14 years 1,186,050 601,430 584,620 1,186,050 601,430 584,620
15 to 24 years 1,540,430 698,480 841,950 1,540,430 698,480 841,950
25 to 44 years 2,767,110 1,320,925 1,446,185 2,767,110 1,320,925 1,446,185
45 years and over 610,385 277,885 332,500 610,385 277,885 332,500
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 25,720,170 12,753,235 12,966,940 25,720,170 12,753,235 12,966,940
Born in province of residence 21,853,870 10,848,700 11,005,170 21,853,870 10,848,700 11,005,170
Born outside province of residence 3,866,305 1,904,535 1,961,770 3,866,305 1,904,535 1,961,770
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400
Americas 1,060,230 478,150 582,085 1,060,230 478,150 582,085
United States 263,475 117,035 146,440 263,475 117,035 146,440
Jamaica 126,035 52,655 73,380 126,035 52,655 73,380
Guyana 87,945 39,105 48,840 87,945 39,105 48,840
Haiti 80,100 34,785 45,310 80,100 34,785 45,310
Mexico 69,695 32,760 36,930 69,695 32,760 36,930
Trinidad and Tobago 67,205 30,150 37,055 67,205 30,150 37,055
Colombia 60,555 28,555 32,000 60,555 28,555 32,000
El Salvador 43,655 21,995 21,660 43,655 21,995 21,660
Peru 26,715 11,745 14,965 26,715 11,745 14,965
Chile 25,195 12,395 12,800 25,195 12,395 12,800
Other places of birth in Americas 209,665 96,975 112,690 209,665 96,975 112,690
Europe 2,127,785 1,033,830 1,093,955 2,127,785 1,033,830 1,093,955
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 537,040 257,285 279,755 537,040 257,285 279,755
Italy 256,825 129,970 126,855 256,825 129,970 126,855
Germany 152,345 72,335 80,010 152,345 72,335 80,010
Poland 152,290 68,855 83,435 152,290 68,855 83,435
Portugal 138,520 67,895 70,625 138,520 67,895 70,625
Netherlands 98,510 50,200 48,315 98,510 50,200 48,315
France 90,440 46,900 43,540 90,440 46,900 43,540
Romania 82,595 39,635 42,955 82,595 39,635 42,955
Russian Federation 73,030 32,945 40,080 73,030 32,945 40,080
Greece 66,475 34,090 32,385 66,475 34,090 32,385
Ukraine 65,455 29,340 36,115 65,455 29,340 36,115
Croatia 40,010 19,475 20,540 40,010 19,475 20,540
Hungary 38,985 19,190 19,790 38,985 19,190 19,790
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,885 18,290 17,595 35,885 18,290 17,595
Serbia 32,600 15,780 16,820 32,600 15,780 16,820
Ireland, Republic of 28,040 13,485 14,555 28,040 13,485 14,555
Other places of birth in Europe 238,740 118,170 120,565 238,740 118,170 120,565
Africa 492,030 251,025 241,000 492,030 251,025 241,000
Morocco 56,275 29,560 26,715 56,275 29,560 26,715
Algeria 51,085 27,350 23,735 51,085 27,350 23,735
Egypt 49,935 26,630 23,305 49,935 26,630 23,305
South Africa, Republic of 40,550 20,075 20,480 40,550 20,075 20,480
Nigeria 27,625 14,520 13,105 27,625 14,520 13,105
Ethiopia 24,535 11,840 12,695 24,535 11,840 12,695
Kenya 24,510 11,485 13,030 24,510 11,485 13,030
Other places of birth in Africa 217,510 109,565 107,940 217,510 109,565 107,940
Asia 3,041,105 1,441,670 1,599,430 3,041,105 1,441,670 1,599,430
India 547,890 271,490 276,395 547,890 271,490 276,395
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 545,535 247,815 297,715 545,535 247,815 297,715
Philippines 454,340 190,120 264,220 454,340 190,120 264,220
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 205,430 97,005 108,420 205,430 97,005 108,420
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 165,125 77,945 87,180 165,125 77,945 87,180
Pakistan 156,860 80,410 76,450 156,860 80,410 76,450
Sri Lanka 132,130 65,655 66,475 132,130 65,655 66,475
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 120,685 61,780 58,905 120,685 61,780 58,905
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 112,400 52,815 59,585 112,400 52,815 59,585
Lebanon 81,105 43,415 37,695 81,105 43,415 37,695
Taiwan 66,455 30,560 35,900 66,455 30,560 35,900
Iraq 49,515 25,635 23,885 49,515 25,635 23,885
Bangladesh 45,320 23,410 21,915 45,320 23,410 21,915
Afghanistan 40,945 20,650 20,290 40,945 20,650 20,290
Japan 25,805 8,000 17,805 25,805 8,000 17,805
Turkey 25,275 13,420 11,855 25,275 13,420 11,855
Other places of birth in Asia 266,285 131,540 134,745 266,285 131,540 134,745
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 54,625 26,690 27,935 54,625 26,690 27,935
Fiji 24,290 11,415 12,875 24,290 11,415 12,875
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30,330 15,275 15,055 30,330 15,275 15,055
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 356,385 178,510 177,870 356,385 178,510 177,870
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,162,915 555,250 607,670 1,162,915 555,250 607,670
Americas 188,730 90,345 98,380 188,730 90,345 98,380
United States 45,015 22,225 22,790 45,015 22,225 22,790
Mexico 22,310 10,740 11,570 22,310 10,740 11,570
Cuba 5,555 2,910 2,645 5,555 2,910 2,645
Haiti 19,305 8,690 10,615 19,305 8,690 10,615
Jamaica 9,800 4,775 5,035 9,800 4,775 5,035
Brazil 9,540 4,460 5,075 9,540 4,460 5,075
Colombia 27,555 13,255 14,300 27,555 13,255 14,300
Guyana 6,010 2,585 3,425 6,010 2,585 3,425
Peru 6,410 2,735 3,675 6,410 2,735 3,675
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 6,185 2,995 3,190 6,185 2,995 3,190
Other places of birth in Americas 31,045 14,980 16,065 31,045 14,980 16,065
Europe 159,750 79,565 80,180 159,750 79,565 80,180
France 20,380 10,745 9,640 20,380 10,745 9,640
Germany 10,455 5,255 5,205 10,455 5,255 5,205
Poland 5,365 1,995 3,375 5,365 1,995 3,375
Romania 13,370 6,145 7,220 13,370 6,145 7,220
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 6,570 3,255 3,315 6,570 3,255 3,315
Russian Federation 17,100 7,680 9,415 17,100 7,680 9,415
Ukraine 12,385 5,465 6,925 12,385 5,465 6,925
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 32,965 18,320 14,645 32,965 18,320 14,645
Other places of birth in Europe 41,160 20,710 20,450 41,160 20,710 20,450
Africa 145,725 73,470 72,250 145,725 73,470 72,250
Nigeria 13,035 6,695 6,345 13,035 6,695 6,345
Ethiopia 6,595 3,055 3,535 6,595 3,055 3,535
Mauritius 4,195 2,070 2,120 4,195 2,070 2,120
Somalia 4,315 2,040 2,270 4,315 2,040 2,270
Algeria 21,240 10,560 10,675 21,240 10,560 10,675
Egypt 11,105 5,865 5,240 11,105 5,865 5,240
Morocco 20,295 10,240 10,055 20,295 10,240 10,055
Tunisia 4,755 2,865 1,895 4,755 2,865 1,895
Cameroon 5,425 2,780 2,645 5,425 2,780 2,645
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 5,865 2,720 3,150 5,865 2,720 3,150
South Africa, Republic of 5,660 2,730 2,930 5,660 2,730 2,930
Other places of birth in Africa 43,230 21,845 21,385 43,230 21,845 21,385
Asia 661,570 307,935 353,635 661,570 307,935 353,635
Philippines 152,270 66,980 85,285 152,270 66,980 85,285
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 122,090 54,290 67,800 122,090 54,290 67,800
India 121,415 60,075 61,345 121,415 60,075 61,345
Pakistan 35,040 16,890 18,155 35,040 16,890 18,155
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30,295 14,865 15,425 30,295 14,865 15,425
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 27,665 12,720 14,945 27,665 12,720 14,945
Sri Lanka 21,430 10,175 11,260 21,430 10,175 11,260
Iraq 16,915 8,365 8,550 16,915 8,365 8,550
Bangladesh 14,110 7,050 7,060 14,110 7,050 7,060
Lebanon 12,420 6,640 5,780 12,420 6,640 5,780
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 11,275 4,235 7,045 11,275 4,235 7,045
Taiwan 9,295 4,255 5,040 9,295 4,255 5,040
Afghanistan 8,425 4,325 4,100 8,425 4,325 4,100
Japan 6,385 1,660 4,720 6,385 1,660 4,720
Turkey 5,855 3,110 2,745 5,855 3,110 2,745
Israel 5,230 2,610 2,625 5,230 2,610 2,625
Nepal 5,210 2,725 2,490 5,210 2,725 2,490
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 4,805 1,940 2,865 4,805 1,940 2,865
United Arab Emirates 4,800 2,440 2,355 4,800 2,440 2,355
Saudi Arabia 4,345 2,440 1,900 4,345 2,440 1,900
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 4,150 2,145 2,005 4,150 2,145 2,005
Other places of birth in Asia 38,140 18,005 20,140 38,140 18,005 20,140
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 7,150 3,930 3,215 7,150 3,930 3,215
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 32,852,320 16,163,115 16,689,210 32,852,320 16,163,115 16,689,210
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 7,217,295 3,454,225 3,763,070 7,217,295 3,454,225 3,763,070
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 5,702,725 2,840,860 2,861,860 5,702,725 2,840,860 2,861,860
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 19,932,300 9,868,025 10,064,275 19,932,300 9,868,025 10,064,275
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 6,264,750 3,043,010 3,221,745 6,264,750 3,043,010 3,221,745
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,567,400 790,755 776,650 1,567,400 790,755 776,650
Chinese 1,324,750 632,325 692,420 1,324,750 632,325 692,420
Black 945,665 453,005 492,660 945,665 453,005 492,660
Filipino 619,310 268,885 350,425 619,310 268,885 350,425
Latin American 381,280 186,355 194,925 381,280 186,355 194,925
Arab 380,620 203,485 177,140 380,620 203,485 177,140
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 312,075 154,035 158,045 312,075 154,035 158,045
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 206,840 105,620 101,220 206,840 105,620 101,220
Korean 161,130 77,165 83,965 161,130 77,165 83,965
Japanese 87,270 38,270 48,990 87,270 38,270 48,990
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 106,475 49,770 56,705 106,475 49,770 56,705
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 171,935 83,335 88,600 171,935 83,335 88,600
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 26,587,575 13,120,105 13,467,465 26,587,575 13,120,105 13,467,465
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 32,852,325 16,163,110 16,689,210 32,852,325 16,163,110 16,689,210
North American Aboriginal origins 1,836,035 885,675 950,360 1,836,035 885,675 950,360
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,369,115 658,050 711,065 1,369,115 658,050 711,065
Inuit 72,615 35,895 36,720 72,615 35,895 36,720
Métis 447,655 217,405 230,250 447,655 217,405 230,250
Other North American origins 11,070,455 5,462,685 5,607,770 11,070,455 5,462,685 5,607,770
Acadian 115,900 56,435 59,460 115,900 56,435 59,460
American 372,575 179,465 193,115 372,575 179,465 193,115
Canadian 10,563,805 5,214,090 5,349,715 10,563,805 5,214,090 5,349,715
New Brunswicker 1,895 860 1,040 1,895 860 1,040
Newfoundlander 22,035 11,580 10,460 22,035 11,580 10,460
Nova Scotian 2,845 1,400 1,445 2,845 1,400 1,445
Ontarian 3,860 1,800 2,065 3,860 1,800 2,065
Québécois 193,885 97,450 96,430 193,885 97,450 96,430
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 4,050 2,010 2,040 4,050 2,010 2,040
European origins 20,157,965 9,913,150 10,244,820 20,157,965 9,913,150 10,244,820
British Isles origins 11,343,705 5,531,110 5,812,600 11,343,705 5,531,110 5,812,600
Channel Islander 3,325 1,740 1,590 3,325 1,740 1,590
Cornish 1,765 1,005 750 1,765 1,005 750
English 6,509,500 3,159,130 3,350,365 6,509,500 3,159,130 3,350,365
Irish 4,544,865 2,155,710 2,389,160 4,544,865 2,155,710 2,389,160
Manx 4,730 2,410 2,315 4,730 2,410 2,315
Scottish 4,714,965 2,284,200 2,430,770 4,714,965 2,284,200 2,430,770
Welsh 458,705 219,565 239,135 458,705 219,565 239,135
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 576,030 275,345 300,685 576,030 275,345 300,685
French origins 5,077,215 2,476,125 2,601,090 5,077,215 2,476,125 2,601,090
Alsatian 2,700 1,280 1,420 2,700 1,280 1,420
Breton 14,290 7,105 7,190 14,290 7,105 7,190
French 5,065,690 2,470,555 2,595,130 5,065,690 2,470,555 2,595,130
Western European origins (except French origins) 4,439,950 2,179,305 2,260,650 4,439,950 2,179,305 2,260,650
Austrian 197,990 97,350 100,640 197,990 97,350 100,640
Belgian 176,620 87,360 89,260 176,620 87,360 89,260
Dutch 1,067,245 526,105 541,140 1,067,245 526,105 541,140
Flemish 13,840 6,880 6,970 13,840 6,880 6,970
Frisian 5,055 2,715 2,335 5,055 2,715 2,335
German 3,203,325 1,568,295 1,635,030 3,203,325 1,568,295 1,635,030
Luxembourger 3,790 1,915 1,875 3,790 1,915 1,875
Swiss 146,830 72,895 73,935 146,830 72,895 73,935
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 2,740 1,380 1,355 2,740 1,380 1,355
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,164,425 562,395 602,035 1,164,425 562,395 602,035
Danish 203,080 98,545 104,535 203,080 98,545 104,535
Finnish 136,215 65,325 70,890 136,215 65,325 70,890
Icelandic 94,210 46,140 48,065 94,210 46,140 48,065
Norwegian 452,710 220,440 232,270 452,710 220,440 232,270
Swedish 341,845 160,560 181,280 341,845 160,560 181,280
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 43,070 21,650 21,415 43,070 21,650 21,415
Eastern European origins 3,142,775 1,532,520 1,610,250 3,142,775 1,532,520 1,610,250
Bulgarian 30,485 14,965 15,520 30,485 14,965 15,520
Byelorussian 15,565 7,240 8,320 15,565 7,240 8,320
Czech 94,805 46,650 48,150 94,805 46,650 48,150
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 40,030 18,980 21,055 40,030 18,980 21,055
Estonian 23,185 10,575 12,610 23,185 10,575 12,610
Hungarian 316,760 156,285 160,480 316,760 156,285 160,480
Latvian 27,355 13,310 14,040 27,355 13,310 14,040
Lithuanian 49,130 24,420 24,710 49,130 24,420 24,710
Moldovan 8,055 4,095 3,960 8,055 4,095 3,960
Polish 1,010,700 488,180 522,525 1,010,700 488,180 522,525
Romanian 204,630 99,560 105,070 204,630 99,560 105,070
Russian 550,515 264,370 286,145 550,515 264,370 286,145
Slovak 66,545 32,700 33,845 66,545 32,700 33,845
Ukrainian 1,251,170 610,890 640,275 1,251,170 610,890 640,275
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 11,330 5,665 5,665 11,330 5,665 5,665
Southern European origins 2,798,395 1,391,820 1,406,575 2,798,395 1,391,820 1,406,575
Albanian 28,270 14,520 13,745 28,270 14,520 13,745
Bosnian 22,915 11,610 11,310 22,915 11,610 11,310
Croatian 114,880 57,845 57,030 114,880 57,845 57,030
Cypriot 4,820 2,240 2,580 4,820 2,240 2,580
Greek 252,955 129,805 123,160 252,955 129,805 123,160
Italian 1,488,420 744,730 743,695 1,488,420 744,730 743,695
Kosovar 2,765 1,365 1,400 2,765 1,365 1,400
Macedonian 36,985 18,740 18,250 36,985 18,740 18,250
Maltese 38,780 19,555 19,230 38,780 19,555 19,230
Montenegrin 2,970 1,555 1,415 2,970 1,555 1,415
Portuguese 429,850 213,330 216,525 429,850 213,330 216,525
Serbian 80,320 40,660 39,655 80,320 40,660 39,655
Sicilian