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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury
(CMA)
Peer group J
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 60.2 60.6 59.7 60.8 62.9 58.8
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 74.2 73.7 74.8 72.5 74.5 70.6
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 19.2 17.0Note E: use with caution 21.4 21.8 20.9 22.7
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 65.1 75.2 54.4 47.3 56.4 38.2
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 37.0 50.5 22.8 32.5 38.7 26.4
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 28.1 24.7 31.6 14.7 17.7 11.8
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 24.0 21.2 26.8 12.9 9.7 16.1
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 7.3 8.2Note E: use with caution 6.4Note E: use with caution 6.0 6.4 5.7
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 9.1 5.5Note E: use with caution 12.7Note E: use with caution 6.7 6.0 7.3
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 19.2 20.7 17.6 15.5 15.3 15.7
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 8.6 7.1Note E: use with caution 10.2Note E: use with caution 5.6 3.9 7.2
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 17.7 16.6 18.9 11.1 9.1 12.9
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 19.1 17.1 21.1 13.1 10.8 15.4
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.5 6.1 6.9
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 5.1Note E: use with caution Note F: too unreliable to be published 6.8Note E: use with caution 2.5 1.7Note E: use with caution 3.2
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 419.7 476.3 379.3 366.0 428.6 317.5
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 52.1 65.2 41.0 44.3 53.0 36.9
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 55.1 66.5 46.3 46.8 55.1 40.4
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 105.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 88.1
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 124.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 133.9 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 28.6 30.7 26.4 14.4 17.3 11.6
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 24.2 25.1 23.2 10.4 12.6 8.2
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 24.0 37.7 9.9Note E: use with caution 13.3 19.0 7.8
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 54.6 60.5 48.8 52.8 57.0 48.7
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 37.4 31.3 43.4 39.7 33.6 45.7
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 34.4 33.0Note E: use with caution 36.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 29.9 25.2 34.7 28.4 25.5 31.1
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 69.2
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 83.8 79.0 88.8 90.9 88.4 93.3
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 133.6 164.2 104.1
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 82.2 109.7 55.6
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 51.4 54.5 48.5
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 7.6Note E: use with caution 10.1Note E: use with caution 5.3Note E: use with caution 2.7 2.7 2.7
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 22.1 19.9 24.2Note E: use with caution 15.3 15.6 15.1
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.3 4.5 4.0
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 83.2 81.3 85.0
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 21.3 19.9 22.5
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 633.2 778.9 519.7 463.1 557.5 389.3
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 186.5 238.4 151.2 138.8 166.5 118.7
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 19.1 23.3 15.8 15.5 19.7 12.0
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 53.3 68.9 42.0 33.4 41.0 27.5
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 18.8 10.3 Note ...: not applicable 19.1
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 Note ...: not applicable 28.0 Note ...: not applicable 7.7 18.9 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 189.2 245.6 147.3 140.7 172.8 115.2
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 115.3 157.6 84.6 71.8 96.8 52.3
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 26.9 30.2 24.7 32.2 34.7 30.0
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 47.1 57.8 38.0 36.6 41.3 33.0
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 51.1 59.8 45.6 39.6 48.8 33.7
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 10.8 14.5 8.2 13.2 15.3 11.7
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 4.1 4.3 4.2 2.1 2.5 1.8
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 36.1 41.0 33.3 24.3 31.0 20.2
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 29.2 37.1 21.2 19.3 26.1 13.1
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 11.1 17.2 5.4 6.4 9.3 3.6
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 1.1 2.2 0.0 0.8 1.3 0.3
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 187.2 227.3 148.7
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 68.4 73.0 63.7 65.9 64.5 67.4
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 91.7 90.5 92.9 92.1 92.0 92.1
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 88.9 86.3 91.5 93.0 91.9 94.2
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 68.2 66.5 69.8 69.7 68.6 70.6
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.4 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.0 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.2 4.9
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 12.5 11.7 13.2 15.7 15.1 16.4
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 13.4 14.2 12.6 17.9 18.0 17.7
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 66.4 65.5 67.4 89.0 89.0 89.1
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 21.5 22.0 21.1 4.8 4.8 4.8
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 12.0 12.6 11.5 4.2 4.3 4.1
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 47.14 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.34 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 8.5 8.4 8.6 1.5 1.4 1.5
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 6.2 6.1 6.3 43.6 42.3 44.8
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 2.5 2.5 2.5 4.3 4.3 4.3
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 8.4 8.4 8.4 14.1 14.3 14.0
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.8 98.8 98.8
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 16.8 3.7 13.1 15.1 2.9 12.2
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 2.7 2.9 2.4 46.6 46.1 47.0
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

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Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

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Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Peer group J = 24.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (Census Metropolitan Area), Ontario and Peer group J (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 16, 2017).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury
(CMA)
Peer group J
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 160,770 78,480 82,290 4,111,220 2,013,615 2,097,605
0 to 4 years 8,080 4,150 3,930 232,365 119,525 112,845
5 to 9 years 8,045 4,130 3,915 244,435 125,680 118,755
10 to 14 years 8,965 4,570 4,395 263,900 136,305 127,600
15 to 19 years 10,540 5,395 5,140 293,225 152,150 141,075
15 years 2,075 1,035 1,040 58,365 30,150 28,220
16 years 2,030 1,040 995 59,300 30,970 28,330
17 years 2,080 1,075 1,000 58,910 30,705 28,205
18 years 2,100 1,085 1,020 58,385 30,290 28,090
19 years 2,260 1,165 1,095 58,270 30,035 28,230
20 to 24 years 10,555 5,240 5,315 274,915 141,305 133,615
25 to 29 years 9,720 4,845 4,865 258,290 127,685 130,600
30 to 34 years 9,585 4,720 4,865 257,140 121,205 135,940
35 to 39 years 10,005 4,995 5,015 285,920 134,190 151,730
40 to 44 years 10,580 5,200 5,380 323,485 153,830 169,660
45 to 49 years 13,500 6,680 6,820 348,970 169,765 179,200
50 to 54 years 13,195 6,345 6,850 325,060 158,855 166,200
55 to 59 years 11,800 5,675 6,125 271,840 132,775 139,075
60 to 64 years 10,360 5,185 5,180 230,990 112,455 118,535
65 to 69 years 7,810 3,745 4,070 161,205 78,595 82,615
70 to 74 years 6,175 2,845 3,325 121,665 57,955 63,715
75 to 79 years 5,095 2,195 2,900 92,160 42,750 49,410
80 to 84 years 3,780 1,600 2,190 66,310 28,395 37,910
85 years and over 2,975 975 2,000 59,335 20,210 39,125
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 42.3 41.1 43.4 39.1 38.2 39.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.4 83.6 85.1 82.0 81.1 82.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 135,675 65,630 70,050 3,370,515 1,632,105 1,738,410
Married or living with a common-law partner 79,255 39,600 39,650 2,024,890 1,009,150 1,015,740
Married (and not separated) 64,075 32,015 32,055 1,849,855 921,585 928,270
Living common law 15,180 7,580 7,595 175,035 87,565 87,470
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 56,425 26,030 30,395 1,345,625 622,960 722,670
Single (never legally married) 34,890 18,945 15,945 933,635 498,510 435,120
Separated 4,665 2,090 2,570 83,035 32,745 50,290
Divorced 7,550 3,190 4,355 169,030 61,770 107,255
Widowed 9,330 1,810 7,520 159,925 29,930 130,000
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 47,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,159,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 25,025 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 460,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 10,275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 281,220 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 301,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 116,525 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 47,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,159,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 39,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 984,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 31,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 897,165 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 15,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 306,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 15,690 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 590,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 6,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 210,145 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 7,055 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 273,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 2,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 106,730 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 7,580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 87,330 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 4,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 51,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 3,420 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 35,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 17,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,250 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12,835 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,360 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 7,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 175,060 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 6,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 140,905 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 3,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 80,145 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,830 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 44,405 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 570 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 16,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 1,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 34,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 21,715 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 375 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,930 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 45,145 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,440,900 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 9,625 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 278,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 15,270 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 457,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 5,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 171,620 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 9,400 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 325,475 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 4,915 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 207,935 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 158,260 77,540 80,725 4,074,530 1,999,275 2,075,250
Number of persons not in census families 26,990 12,685 14,310 489,590 218,665 270,920
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 2,715 1,180 1,530 114,380 40,545 73,835
Living with non-relatives only 5,080 2,845 2,235 111,275 60,585 50,690
Living alone 19,195 8,655 10,540 263,930 117,540 146,390
Number of census family persons 131,270 64,855 66,415 3,584,940 1,780,605 1,804,335
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 23,920 10,760 13,160 475,255 220,565 254,690
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 8,025 2,240 5,785 144,190 37,920 106,270
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 780 175 605 46,535 9,440 37,100
Living with non-relatives only 445 220 230 8,120 3,825 4,290
Living alone 6,800 1,850 4,950 89,535 24,655 64,880
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 15,895 8,520 7,380 331,070 182,650 148,420
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 67,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,384,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 46,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,078,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 43,170 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 907,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 36,635 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 784,485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 18,670 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 279,710 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 17,970 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 504,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 6,530 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 123,365 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 3,045 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 170,990 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,255 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 97,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 1,410 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 75,090 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 655 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 17,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 57,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 22,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 785 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 73,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 21,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 305,400 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 19,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 263,935 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 2,360 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 41,470 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 67,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,384,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 42,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 680,125 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 160,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6,630 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 20,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 537,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 3,180 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 2,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 162,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 3,830 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 113,690 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,445 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 176,545 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,020 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 67,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,384,250 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 19,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 263,935 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 24,730 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 382,715 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 10,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 254,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 9,335 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 280,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 2,795 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 119,250 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83,130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 158,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,074,525 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 159,195 77,925 81,270 4,086,190 2,003,935 2,082,255
  Single responses  155,915 76,360 79,555 3,955,865 1,940,515 2,015,350
    English  102,755 51,150 51,605 2,228,990 1,111,895 1,117,095
    French  42,815 20,295 22,520 38,645 17,940 20,705
    Non-official languages  10,340 4,915 5,425 1,688,230 810,680 877,550
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 290 100 190 245 110 140
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  60 20 50 150 70 75
        Dene  0 0 0 10 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0 10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0 10 5 5
        Ojibway  225 85 140 70 20 45
        Oji-Cree  5 5 5 0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 9,950 4,770 5,175 1,676,925 805,190 871,735
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 940 475 465
        Afrikaans  10 5 5 1,465 715 750
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5 4,055 1,970 2,085
        Albanian  0 0 5 4,540 2,300 2,240
        Amharic  5 0 0 1,505 715 790
        Arabic  405 245 155 42,855 22,315 20,545
        Armenian  10 5 5 4,710 2,325 2,385
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 620 275 350
        Bengali  15 10 5 7,675 3,880 3,795
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0 25 15 15
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5 3,685 1,460 2,220
        Bosnian  5 0 0 2,310 1,145 1,165
        Bulgarian  20 5 10 3,295 1,655 1,640
        Burmese  5 0 5 845 420 420
        Cantonese  135 70 65 148,835 69,985 78,850
        Chinese, n.o.s.  265 130 135 133,340 62,840 70,500
        Creoles  10 5 5 2,100 990 1,110
        Croatian  285 130 150 12,780 6,250 6,530
        Czech  60 35 25 4,365 2,140 2,225
        Danish  35 20 15 2,705 1,310 1,395
        Dutch  170 85 80 11,535 5,390 6,145
        Estonian  40 25 15 1,100 495 605
        Finnish  1,440 655 785 2,620 1,070 1,550
        Flemish  5 0 0 255 110 145
        Fukien  5 0 0 2,390 1,080 1,310
        German  770 375 395 33,465 15,695 17,770
        Greek  140 70 70 14,205 7,160 7,050
        Gujarati  95 50 45 33,575 16,320 17,255
        Hakka  0 0 0 2,370 1,115 1,255
        Hebrew  0 0 0 6,525 3,460 3,070
        Hindi  80 45 35 43,320 21,090 22,235
        Hungarian  105 55 50 10,730 5,185 5,545
        Ilocano  0 0 5 3,490 1,385 2,105
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 1,255 660 595
        Italian  2,745 1,330 1,415 96,935 48,335 48,595
        Japanese  15 0 15 11,705 4,345 7,360
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5 2,275 1,075 1,200
        Korean  90 40 45 52,360 24,555 27,805
        Kurdish  0 0 0 1,780 975 805
        Lao  5 0 0 2,245 1,075 1,165
        Latvian  40 20 20 800 360 440
        Lingala  5 0 5 55 20 35
        Lithuanian  50 20 25 1,225 530 695
        Macedonian  5 0 0 4,670 2,275 2,395
        Malay  20 5 15 4,225 1,885 2,340
        Malayalam  20 15 10 5,855 2,910 2,945
        Maltese  0 0 0 2,050 1,040 1,010
        Mandarin  85 40 50 102,540 48,435 54,110
        Marathi  5 0 5 2,155 1,090 1,065
        Nepali  15 10 5 1,775 915 860
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 1,980 1,000 980
        Norwegian  10 5 5 1,020 485 535
        Oromo  5 5 0 350 190 165
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  95 45 45 250,445 125,560 124,885
        Pashto  0 0 0 2,505 1,260 1,245
        Persian (Farsi)  65 30 30 63,090 31,735 31,355
        Polish  535 225 310 49,580 23,495 26,090
        Portuguese  185 100 85 42,830 20,455 22,380
        Romanian  45 20 25 16,085 7,760 8,325
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 10 145 65 80
        Russian  80 25 55 50,395 23,725 26,670
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5 105 45 55
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5,370 2,680 2,690
        Serbian  85 50 40 10,120 5,135 4,985
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 0 1,545 760 790
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 1,255 545 715
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 525 295 240
        Sindhi  20 5 10 4,165 1,940 2,225
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  25 15 10 4,600 2,275 2,330
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 765 405 365
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 500 255 240
        Slovak  55 25 30 3,540 1,600 1,940
        Slovenian  55 35 30 2,170 1,030 1,140
        Somali  5 0 0 2,440 1,115 1,325
        Spanish  290 125 165 62,730 29,600 33,130
        Swahili  15 10 5 1,245 590 660
        Swedish  25 10 15 1,370 585 785
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  110 35 75 82,020 33,190 48,835
        Taiwanese  0 5 0 4,770 2,265 2,505
        Tamil  30 20 10 41,565 20,525 21,040
        Telugu  30 10 15 3,070 1,570 1,505
        Thai  10 5 10 1,465 430 1,040
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 270 135 135
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 790 385 405
        Turkish  20 15 5 5,260 2,780 2,485
        Ukrainian  585 245 340 11,925 5,390 6,535
        Urdu  120 65 60 69,935 35,375 34,565
        Vietnamese  100 45 55 31,490 14,735 16,755
        Yiddish  5 0 5 1,340 630 710
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 105 40 65 11,060 5,380 5,675
  Multiple responses          3,280 1,565 1,715 130,325 63,420 66,900
    English and French  2,495 1,185 1,315 7,515 3,545 3,975
    English and non-official language  630 305 330 115,615 56,580 59,030
    French and non-official language  105 50 55 4,380 2,005 2,380
    English, French and non-official language 50 25 20 2,810 1,290 1,525
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,925 81,270 4,086,190 2,003,935 2,082,255
  English only 95,390 48,245 47,140 3,645,725 1,819,380 1,826,340
  French only 1,665 715 950 2,460 1,030 1,430
  English and French 61,795 28,845 32,955 257,730 111,730 146,005
  Neither English nor French 345 120 230 180,270 71,790 108,480
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,930 81,275 4,086,190 2,003,935 2,082,250
  English 115,915 57,465 58,455 3,838,790 1,901,150 1,937,640
  French 42,125 19,950 22,170 40,505 18,775 21,730
  English and French 825 405 420 29,465 13,560 15,910
  Neither English nor French 335 110 220 177,430 70,450 106,980
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 42,535 20,150 22,385 55,240 25,555 29,680
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 26.7 25.9 27.5 1.4 1.3 1.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,925 81,275 4,086,190 2,003,935 2,082,255
  Single responses 155,525 76,230 79,300 3,793,440 1,860,340 1,933,100
    English 128,790 63,910 64,880 2,757,645 1,362,660 1,394,985
    French 23,495 10,840 12,655 14,415 6,770 7,640
    Non-official languages 3,235 1,480 1,755 1,021,385 490,915 530,475
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 70 30 40 50 20 25
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 25 5 20 25 15 15
        Dene 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Ojibway 45 25 25 10 5 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 3,130 1,435 1,700 1,017,595 489,060 528,535
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 350 155 195
        Afrikaans 5 0 5 595 295 300
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 2,030 950 1,080
        Albanian 0 0 0 2,485 1,250 1,240
        Amharic 0 0 0 680 305 375
        Arabic 240 145 100 23,595 11,735 11,860
        Armenian 5 0 5 2,530 1,200 1,330
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 60 70
        Bengali 10 5 0 4,755 2,335 2,420
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0 1,215 545 670
        Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
        Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,970 970 1,000
        Burmese 0 0 0 485 250 235
        Cantonese 70 30 40 120,355 56,190 64,165
        Chinese, n.o.s. 155 85 75 90,455 42,835 47,620
        Creoles 0 0 0 1,085 520 565
        Croatian 85 35 45 4,930 2,365 2,565
        Czech 5 5 5 1,345 685 665
        Danish 0 0 0 205 90 110
        Dutch 10 5 5 960 425 530
        Estonian 10 5 0 225 90 135
        Finnish 290 130 155 550 250 305
        Flemish 0 0 0 15 5 10
        Fukien 0 0 0 810 370 430
        German 90 40 50 3,900 1,810 2,090
        Greek 55 25 35 4,370 2,055 2,315
        Gujarati 55 30 30 19,205 9,145 10,055
        Hakka 0 0 0 1,010 470 535
        Hebrew 0 0 0 3,215 1,610 1,605
        Hindi 30 15 15 22,460 10,800 11,655
        Hungarian 15 5 10 3,660 1,775 1,885
        Ilocano 0 0 0 1,095 490 605
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 245 260
        Italian 895 380 520 28,765 13,120 15,650
        Japanese 5 5 5 5,990 2,590 3,400
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,280 600 680
        Korean 65 30 40 41,325 19,520 21,810
        Kurdish 0 0 0 1,130 590 540
        Lao 0 0 0 1,175 580 600
        Latvian 10 5 5 165 70 95
        Lingala 0 0 0 15 5 10
        Lithuanian 10 0 5 430 200 230
        Macedonian 0 0 0 1,980 955 1,030
        Malay 10 0 10 1,620 775 845
        Malayalam 10 5 5 2,820 1,385 1,440
        Maltese 0 0 0 445 215 235
        Mandarin 60 30 35 85,305 41,030 44,275
        Marathi 0 0 0 1,065 545 520
        Nepali 10 5 5 1,165 600 565
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 575 265 310
        Norwegian 0 0 0 70 35 40
        Oromo 5 5 0 210 110 105
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 30 10 15 186,765 92,980 93,785
        Pashto 0 0 0 1,590 780 810
        Persian (Farsi) 45 20 20 44,280 21,635 22,645
        Polish 160 60 95 26,660 12,920 13,735
        Portuguese 70 35 30 16,765 7,985 8,785
        Romanian 15 5 5 8,765 4,275 4,495
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 50 15 35
        Russian 40 15 25 35,180 17,015 18,165
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5 35 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,600 1,760 1,840
        Serbian 35 20 15 5,980 2,980 3,000
        Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 700 350 345
        Shanghainese 0 0 0 550 260 290
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 790 460 335
        Sindhi 0 0 5 1,655 760 900
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 2,165 1,055 1,110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 600 320 285
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 140 55 85
        Slovak 10 5 5 1,335 625 710
        Slovenian 10 5 5 420 205 225
        Somali 0 0 0 1,395 620 775
        Spanish 115 50 65 35,230 16,885 18,345
        Swahili 0 0 0 370 165 200
        Swedish 5 5 0 215 100 110
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 15 35,115 15,610 19,505
        Taiwanese 0 0 0 2,520 1,215 1,300
        Tamil 15 10 5 30,105 14,580 15,525
        Telugu 15 10 5 1,740 850 890
        Thai 5 5 5 545 230 310
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0 185 90 90
        Tigrigna 0 0 0 365 170 200
        Turkish 0 0 0 2,985 1,515 1,470
        Ukrainian 120 40 80 4,415 2,050 2,365
        Urdu 75 35 35 44,540 22,215 22,330
        Vietnamese 70 30 35 21,685 10,160 11,530
        Yiddish 0 0 0 70 35 35
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 35 15 20 3,750 1,835 1,915
  Multiple responses         3,670 1,700 1,975 292,750 143,595 149,155
    English and French 2,385 1,100 1,280 5,545 2,485 3,055
    English and non-official language 1,195 560 640 281,270 138,480 142,790
    French and non-official language 45 25 20 1,530 715 815
    English, French and non-official language 50 20 30 4,405 1,915 2,495
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,925 81,270 4,086,190 2,003,940 2,082,250
  None 124,145 61,740 62,410 3,152,775 1,551,275 1,601,500
  Single responses  34,780 16,065 18,715 916,470 444,805 471,665
    English  14,485 6,700 7,785 411,555 205,375 206,180
    French  16,360 7,505 8,855 30,225 13,145 17,080
    Non-official languages  3,935 1,855 2,080 474,685 226,280 248,405
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 290 120 175 170 75 95
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  25 10 20 80 35 45
        Dene  0 0 0 10 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0 10 5 5
        Ojibway  260 105 160 70 30 40
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 3,555 1,705 1,850 469,060 223,650 245,410
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 450 240 205
        Afrikaans  5 5 0 845 390 460
        Akan (Twi)  10 0 10 2,105 1,030 1,070
        Albanian  0 0 0 1,310 650 665
        Amharic  5 0 5 575 265 305
        Arabic  130 80 45 14,345 7,495 6,850
        Armenian  0 0 0 1,430 700 730
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 0 320 140 180
        Bengali  5 0 0 2,145 1,070 1,075
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 10 5 10
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5 915 370 545
        Bosnian  5 5 0 640 320 320
        Bulgarian  5 0 5 755 370 390
        Burmese  0 0 0 225 105 125
        Cantonese  55 30 25 31,910 15,265 16,645
        Chinese, n.o.s.  65 40 25 23,540 11,205 12,330
        Creoles  20 15 5 1,920 890 1,030
        Croatian  95 45 55 5,190 2,585 2,600
        Czech  30 10 10 1,460 650 815
        Danish  10 5 5 925 415 505
        Dutch  40 15 25 3,755 1,565 2,190
        Estonian  15 5 5 380 165 220
        Finnish  515 220 295 875 360 515
        Flemish  0 0 0 80 35 45
        Fukien  5 0 0 925 430 495
        German  265 120 145 12,070 5,405 6,660
        Greek  60 30 25 8,605 4,270 4,340
        Gujarati  10 5 5 10,860 5,310 5,550
        Hakka  0 0 0 645 305 340
        Hebrew  5 0 0 4,600 2,310 2,285
        Hindi  70 35 30 25,105 12,355 12,745
        Hungarian  30 15 15 3,345 1,570 1,775
        Ilocano  0 0 0 900 360 540
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 420 215 210
        Italian  1,005 480 525 43,215 21,055 22,160
        Japanese  10 5 0 5,115 2,135 2,980
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0 635 290 345
        Korean  15 5 10 7,615 3,630 3,985
        Kurdish  0 0 0 400 220 180
        Lao  0 0 0 710 345 370
        Latvian  10 5 5 230 90 140
        Lingala  10 5 5 150 65 85
        Lithuanian  10 5 5 350 165 185
        Macedonian  5 0 0 1,815 885 930
        Malay  5 0 5 1,605 705 900
        Malayalam  10 5 5 2,390 1,175 1,215
        Maltese  0 0 0 875 395 475
        Mandarin  25 10 10 18,265 8,460 9,800
        Marathi  5 0 5 715 335 375
        Nepali  0 5 0 285 145 140
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 1,855 905 955
        Norwegian  5 5 5 330 150 180
        Oromo  0 0 0 90 45 40
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  35 25 10 46,430 23,450 22,980
        Pashto  0 0 0 540 280 260
        Persian (Farsi)  10 10 0 11,955 6,215 5,740
        Polish  170 70 95 13,175 6,155 7,020
        Portuguese  55 30 20 18,330 8,590 9,735
        Romanian  10 5 10 4,480 2,100 2,380
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5 70 35 35
        Russian  35 10 20 10,270 4,750 5,515
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5 40 15 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 1,220 620 595
        Serbian  30 15 10 2,995 1,560 1,435
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0 485 245 245
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 440 190 250
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 5 15 450 170 280
        Sindhi  5 0 0 1,860 850 1,015
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0 2,010 985 1,025
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 65 20 45
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 165 85 80
        Slovak  15 5 5 1,140 485 650
        Slovenian  10 5 0 770 365 405
        Somali  0 0 0 1,000 480 520
        Spanish  235 100 130 23,770 11,315 12,450
        Swahili  15 15 5 950 425 525
        Swedish  5 5 5 670 295 380
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 5 20 30,135 11,550 18,590
        Taiwanese  0 0 0 2,195 1,060 1,135
        Tamil  20 10 15 10,025 5,020 5,005
        Telugu  10 5 5 760 395 365
        Thai  5 5 0 615 185 430
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 40 20 25
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 315 150 160
        Turkish  10 5 10 1,680 890 785
        Ukrainian  165 75 95 3,280 1,505 1,770
        Urdu  45 20 20 18,530 9,400 9,125
        Vietnamese  15 5 10 7,570 3,585 3,990
        Yiddish  0 0 0 420 190 235
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 85 35 50 5,460 2,560 2,895
  Multiple responses          275 125 150 16,945 7,855 9,085
    English and French  40 25 20 2,060 915 1,150
    English and non-official language  80 40 40 7,905 3,905 4,000
    French and non-official language  155 60 95 6,850 2,975 3,870
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0 125 60 70

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (Census Metropolitan Area), Ontario and Peer group J (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 16, 2017).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury
(CMA)
Peer group J
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.9%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 24.4%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 158,260 77,440 80,820 4,074,445 2,000,560 2,073,885
Canadian citizens 156,115 76,405 79,705 3,641,660 1,798,450 1,843,210
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,410 15,945 15,465 849,760 440,345 409,415
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 124,700 60,465 64,240 2,791,905 1,358,105 1,433,790
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,145 1,030 1,120 432,780 202,115 230,675
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 158,260 77,440 80,820 4,074,445 2,000,560 2,073,885
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 147,880 72,395 75,490 2,249,435 1,131,515 1,117,920
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 9,775 4,705 5,075 1,774,530 845,595 928,935
Before 1971 5,645 2,790 2,855 229,180 112,040 117,140
1971 to 1980 1,320 615 710 215,695 102,500 113,200
1981 to 1990 670 320 355 264,310 126,970 137,340
1991 to 2000 905 440 470 513,725 243,635 270,085
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,230 545 690 551,620 260,450 291,170
2001 to 2005 565 225 340 290,810 138,280 152,530
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 665 320 345 260,815 122,170 138,640
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 605 340 260 50,480 23,445 27,030
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 9,775 4,705 5,070 1,774,530 845,600 928,935
Under 5 years 1,335 675 660 154,045 77,185 76,860
5 to 14 years 1,895 930 960 303,120 154,760 148,360
15 to 24 years 3,015 1,495 1,515 404,735 182,780 221,950
25 to 44 years 3,295 1,500 1,795 714,110 338,570 375,545
45 years and over 235 100 135 198,525 92,300 106,220
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 158,260 77,435 80,820 4,074,445 2,000,560 2,073,885
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 147,880 72,390 75,485 2,249,435 1,131,515 1,117,920
Born in province of residence 135,380 66,150 69,230 1,866,480 943,380 923,100
Born outside province of residence 12,500 6,245 6,260 382,950 188,140 194,815
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 9,780 4,700 5,070 1,774,530 845,595 928,935
Americas 1,175 445 730 192,890 85,855 107,035
United States 600 175 425 34,395 15,485 18,910
Jamaica 80 35 40 42,625 17,745 24,880
Guyana 30 0 20 28,900 13,090 15,810
Haiti 0 0 0 665 300 370
Mexico 110 25 85 6,620 2,920 3,705
Trinidad and Tobago 45 35 0 20,145 9,350 10,800
Colombia 0 0 0 8,255 3,715 4,540
El Salvador 0 0 0 6,510 3,010 3,500
Peru 30 20 0 4,720 2,110 2,615
Chile 40 0 30 3,600 1,730 1,870
Other places of birth in Americas 175 80 90 36,450 16,400 20,050
Europe 6,795 3,345 3,450 405,010 197,335 207,675
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,330 655 680 93,750 44,865 48,890
Italy 1,775 860 910 63,520 32,470 31,050
Germany 745 420 320 21,065 9,810 11,250
Poland 385 170 215 40,440 19,075 21,365
Portugal 100 50 50 30,300 14,905 15,395
Netherlands 145 60 85 10,525 5,285 5,245
France 65 40 25 3,845 1,955 1,890
Romania 0 0 0 15,260 7,325 7,930
Russian Federation 40 20 20 20,815 9,710 11,110
Greece 200 115 85 9,120 4,730 4,395
Ukraine 160 70 85 17,590 8,080 9,510
Croatia 105 40 65 8,750 4,175 4,575
Hungary 70 40 25 6,155 2,945 3,210
Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 35 75 6,735 3,600 3,140
Serbia 115 70 40 6,120 3,065 3,050
Ireland, Republic of 155 40 115 4,965 2,575 2,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,295 645 650 46,050 22,770 23,280
Africa 445 235 215 80,255 39,525 40,730
Morocco 0 0 0 1,745 830 915
Algeria 0 0 0 695 405 285
Egypt 25 0 0 11,905 6,480 5,425
South Africa, Republic of 150 80 65 12,490 6,035 6,455
Nigeria 0 0 0 7,945 4,130 3,815
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,200
Kenya 0 0 0 9,375 4,045 5,325
Other places of birth in Africa 210 105 100 33,845 16,525 17,320
Asia 1,290 655 635 1,075,170 512,730 562,440
India 275 120 155 277,185 136,130 141,055
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 260 125 135 178,950 82,465 96,480
Philippines 100 50 55 122,410 52,705 69,705
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 75 35 40 101,925 48,460 53,465
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 25 0 0 37,590 17,390 20,200
Pakistan 75 45 35 62,755 31,705 31,055
Sri Lanka 60 0 0 42,395 21,235 21,160
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 50 40 0 50,205 25,005 25,195
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 95 35 55 43,965 20,965 23,000
Lebanon 70 35 35 6,580 3,440 3,140
Taiwan 0 0 0 36,090 16,805 19,285
Iraq 0 0 0 14,810 7,545 7,265
Bangladesh 0 0 0 4,920 2,515 2,405
Afghanistan 20 0 0 10,150 5,155 4,995
Japan 0 0 0 8,260 2,940 5,315
Turkey 0 0 0 4,080 2,265 1,815
Other places of birth in Asia 155 90 60 72,900 36,005 36,895
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 70 30 40 21,205 10,150 11,050
Fiji 0 0 0 14,910 6,985 7,925
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 70 25 45 6,295 3,170 3,125
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 605 340 265 50,480 23,445 27,030
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 665 320 350 260,815 122,170 138,640
Americas 205 85 115 24,290 11,100 13,185
United States 100 40 55 7,000 3,385 3,615
Mexico 40 0 0 1,925 920 1,000
Cuba 0 0 0 655 305 350
Haiti 0 0 0 145 75 70
Jamaica 0 0 0 3,355 1,485 1,865
Brazil 15 0 0 945 375 575
Colombia 0 0 0 2,620 1,185 1,430
Guyana 0 0 0 2,195 895 1,300
Peru 0 0 0 640 245 395
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 15 0 0 520 220 295
Other places of birth in Americas 30 0 20 4,290 2,005 2,285
Europe 65 40 25 23,485 11,315 12,170
France 0 0 0 355 175 180
Germany 0 0 0 985 460 525
Poland 0 0 0 1,805 715 1,090
Romania 0 0 0 2,140 1,060 1,080
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0 680 305 375
Russian Federation 0 0 0 4,095 1,890 2,200
Ukraine 0 0 0 2,310 930 1,385
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0 5,065 2,845 2,225
Other places of birth in Europe 25 0 15 6,050 2,935 3,115
Africa 150 65 85 13,880 6,700 7,180
Nigeria 0 0 0 3,490 1,755 1,735
Ethiopia 0 0 0 375 140 230
Mauritius 0 0 0 1,110 540 570
Somalia 0 0 0 235 95 145
Algeria 0 0 0 205 85 120
Egypt 0 0 0 2,885 1,470 1,415
Morocco 0 0 0 225 65 155
Tunisia 0 0 0 95 55 40
Cameroon 0 0 0 250 130 120
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0 150 80 70
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0 1,025 505 515
Other places of birth in Africa 75 40 35 3,835 1,785 2,055
Asia 235 120 115 197,290 92,025 105,260
Philippines 20 0 15 29,745 13,170 16,580
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 30 0 25 39,680 17,710 21,970
India 75 40 35 55,280 26,750 28,530
Pakistan 0 0 0 12,350 5,920 6,430
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0 9,930 4,690 5,245
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 20 20 9,635 4,520 5,115
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 6,160 2,945 3,215
Iraq 0 0 0 4,700 2,390 2,315
Bangladesh 0 0 0 1,140 565 575
Lebanon 0 0 0 945 505 440
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0 1,890 640 1,250
Taiwan 0 0 0 4,785 2,245 2,540
Afghanistan 0 0 0 1,920 980 940
Japan 0 0 0 1,420 485 935
Turkey 0 0 0 790 415 375
Israel 0 0 0 1,445 760 690
Nepal 0 0 0 1,085 540 540
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 2,230 920 1,310
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 2,020 930 1,085
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 1,030 580 450
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0 615 320 295
Other places of birth in Asia 30 15 0 8,475 4,040 4,435
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0 1,875 1,035 845
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 158,265 77,435 80,820 4,074,445 2,000,560 2,073,885
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 10,615 5,190 5,420 1,834,955 874,380 960,575
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 17,535 9,000 8,535 1,112,615 562,405 550,215
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 130,115 63,245 66,870 1,126,870 563,780 563,095
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 158,260 77,435 80,820 4,074,445 2,000,560 2,073,885
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,200 2,255 1,945 1,898,025 922,755 975,270
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 625 355 280 682,700 342,325 340,375
Chinese 800 455 340 483,965 232,990 250,970
Black 935 525 410 160,310 75,515 84,800
Filipino 190 90 105 160,605 71,030 89,580
Latin American 290 125 170 58,340 28,290 30,050
Arab 455 240 210 48,295 25,270 23,025
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 325 175 150 66,575 32,420 34,155
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 85 60 30 71,875 36,085 35,785
Korean 175 80 95 59,160 28,555 30,605
Japanese 30 0 15 24,880 11,475 13,405
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 65 0 35 32,095 14,990 17,100
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 230 125 105 49,230 23,810 25,425
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 154,055 75,180 78,880 2,176,420 1,077,805 1,098,615
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 158,260 77,440 80,820 4,074,445 2,000,560 2,073,885
North American Aboriginal origins 17,730 8,510 9,215 80,660 37,815 42,850
First Nations (North American Indian) 10,860 5,260 5,600 60,115 28,060 32,055
Inuit 140 50 85 1,130 570 560
Métis 7,070 3,365 3,710 21,830 10,185 11,635
Other North American origins 67,640 32,620 35,020 595,055 296,945 298,115
Acadian 290 155 130 2,090 1,015 1,075
American 1,165 575 590 38,915 18,470 20,445
Canadian 66,265 31,925 34,335 565,980 282,695 283,285
New Brunswicker 0 0 0 20 0 0
Newfoundlander 135 90 40 1,575 865 715
Nova Scotian 0 0 0 160 100 60
Ontarian 100 40 60 210 85 125
Québécois 400 220 185 780 335 445
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0 425 220 205
European origins 124,610 60,700 63,910 2,057,000 1,013,735 1,043,260
British Isles origins 67,400 32,415 34,985 1,092,830 537,470 555,365
Channel Islander 0 0 0 235 120 115
Cornish 0 0 0 230 155 75
English 35,500 17,105 18,400 672,800 329,495 343,310
Irish 30,420 14,280 16,140 388,375 185,955 202,420
Manx 0 0 0 695 340 350
Scottish 24,830 11,730 13,110 462,060 225,185 236,870
Welsh 2,080 975 1,100 53,875 25,820 28,055
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,440 1,145 1,290 71,235 34,535 36,700
French origins 63,785 30,905 32,880 198,445 94,135 104,305
Alsatian 0 0 0 110 40 70
Breton 0 0 0 60 30 30
French 63,785 30,905 32,885 198,340 94,095 104,245
Western European origins (except French origins) 17,530 8,625 8,905 384,475 188,260 196,220
Austrian 455 225 235 26,090 12,445 13,650
Belgian 525 240 285 8,900 4,505 4,400
Dutch 3,430 1,700 1,735 100,165 49,860 50,305
Flemish 65 25 45 1,045 515 530
Frisian 0 0 0 315 165 145
German 13,755 6,720 7,035 267,710 130,525 137,185
Luxembourger 0 0 0 355 230 125
Swiss 285 145 140 13,610 6,765 6,845
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0 240 85 155
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 11,110 5,205 5,905 128,025 61,905 66,125
Danish 780 360 415 24,620 11,880 12,740
Finnish 8,185 3,855 4,335 17,090 8,440 8,655
Icelandic 345 140 205 8,610 4,070 4,545
Norwegian 925 435 495 45,285 21,920 23,355
Swedish 1,415 690 720 39,525 18,665 20,860
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 70 30 45 4,250 2,115 2,135
Eastern European origins 13,645 7,005 6,640 395,075 192,020 203,055
Bulgarian 45 30 0 5,390 2,630 2,760
Byelorussian 70 20 50 3,795 1,740 2,050
Czech 455 250