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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury
(CMA)
Alberta
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 60.2 60.6 59.7 62.1 60.7 63.7
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 74.2 73.7 74.8 72.9 74.0 71.8
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 19.2 17.0Note E: use with caution 21.4 23.9 22.5 25.4
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 65.1 75.2 54.4 52.7 60.1 44.5
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 37.0 50.5 22.8 33.7 40.2 26.6
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 28.1 24.7 31.6 18.9 19.9 17.9
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 24.0 21.2 26.8 14.7 11.6 17.9
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 7.3 8.2Note E: use with caution 6.4Note E: use with caution 5.4 5.8 5.1
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 9.1 5.5Note E: use with caution 12.7Note E: use with caution 8.3 7.7 9.0
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 19.2 20.7 17.6 15.5 15.3 15.7
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 8.6 7.1Note E: use with caution 10.2Note E: use with caution 7.2 4.7 9.7
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 17.7 16.6 18.9 12.2 10.4 14.2
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 19.1 17.1 21.1 13.7 12.0 15.5
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.7 6.3 7.1
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 5.1Note E: use with caution Note F: too unreliable to be published 6.8Note E: use with caution 3.6 3.4 3.9
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.2 20.9 15.4
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.2 9.8 8.7
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 126 150 105
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 201 286 122
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 706 794 597
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 419.7 476.3 379.3 394.8 451.2 351.8
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 52.1 65.2 41.0 46.1 55.7 37.5
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 55.1 66.5 46.3 50.9 58.8 45.1
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 105.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 95.6
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 124.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 128.1 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 28.6 30.7 26.4 21.6 24.6 18.5
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 24.2 25.1 23.2 16.6 19.3 13.9
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 24.0 37.7 9.9Note E: use with caution 20.0 27.1 12.7
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 54.6 60.5 48.8 55.0 55.5 54.5
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 37.4 31.3 43.4 39.6 31.7 47.6
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 34.4 33.0Note E: use with caution 36.3 49.7 46.7 53.8
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 29.9 25.2 34.7 29.5 26.1 32.9
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 74.0
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 76.6
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 83.8 79.0 88.8 80.5 73.8 87.4
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 82.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.4 Note ...: not applicable 27.4
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 313 339 287
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59 49 70
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 Note ...: not applicable 1.9
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 192.7 241.3 143.9
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 128.0 169.7 85.8
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.7 71.6 58.2
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 453 331 536
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 7.6Note E: use with caution 10.1Note E: use with caution 5.3Note E: use with caution 4.9 5.3 4.5
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 22.1 19.9 24.2Note E: use with caution 17.7 19.2 16.3
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.5 5.9 5.1
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 80.7 78.5 83.0
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20.2 18.5 21.6
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 633.2 778.9 519.7 531.9 657.9 430.8
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 186.5 238.4 151.2 153.7 184.7 131.4
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 19.1 23.3 15.8 15.0 18.4 12.2
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 53.3 68.9 42.0 38.6 46.7 32.3
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 18.8 10.8 Note ...: not applicable 20.3
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 Note ...: not applicable 28.0 Note ...: not applicable 9.7 23.6 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 189.2 245.6 147.3 167.9 212.8 131.6
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 115.3 157.6 84.6 96.5 133.5 66.5
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 26.9 30.2 24.7 31.0 33.7 28.6
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 47.1 57.8 38.0 40.5 45.5 36.5
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 51.1 59.8 45.6 46.5 61.7 36.6
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 10.8 14.5 8.2 11.7 14.8 9.8
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 4.1 4.3 4.2 2.3 3.1 1.6
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 36.1 41.0 33.3 32.6 43.8 25.2
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 29.2 37.1 21.2 25.2 35.4 15.3
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 11.1 17.2 5.4 11.1 16.2 6.0
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 1.1 2.2 0.0 0.8 1.1 0.5
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 258.9 315.8 202.1
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 68.4 73.0 63.7 64.3 62.9 65.8
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 91.7 90.5 92.9 92.6 92.2 93.1
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 88.9 86.3 91.5 86.3 84.3 88.3
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 68.2 66.5 69.8 64.8 64.1 65.6
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.5 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.7 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 4.3 4.6 4.1 2.8 2.5 3.3
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 12.5 11.7 13.2 11.7 11.0 12.5
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 13.4 14.2 12.6 12.8 12.7 12.9
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 66.4 65.5 67.4 56.4 56.0 56.7
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.9 11.0 10.9
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 21.5 22.0 21.1 15.8 15.7 16.0
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 12.0 12.6 11.5 16.9 17.3 16.4
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 47.14 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5.69 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 52.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 8.5 8.4 8.6 6.2 6.0 6.3
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 6.2 6.1 6.3 18.1 17.5 18.7
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 2.5 2.5 2.5 4.6 4.7 4.6
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 8.4 8.4 8.4 16.2 16.4 15.9
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 100.0 100.0 100.0 84.3 84.2 84.5
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 16.8 3.7 13.1 14.5 3.4 11.1
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 2.7 2.9 2.4 18.4 18.2 18.6
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 45 77 15
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 173 271 78
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 217 346 93
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 128 117 137
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 199 162 234
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 376 Note ...: not applicable 376
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 427 427 428
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 665 668 661
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 111 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 106 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

Return to health data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

Return to health data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (CMA) = 27.9%, Alberta = 27.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (Census Metropolitan Area), Ontario and Alberta (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury
(CMA)
Alberta
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 160,770 78,480 82,290 3,645,260 1,827,815 1,817,440
0 to 4 years 8,080 4,150 3,930 244,880 125,665 119,210
5 to 9 years 8,045 4,130 3,915 218,990 112,005 106,990
10 to 14 years 8,965 4,570 4,395 220,920 113,415 107,505
15 to 19 years 10,540 5,395 5,140 238,205 122,065 116,145
15 years 2,075 1,035 1,040 46,985 23,995 22,995
16 years 2,030 1,040 995 47,235 24,330 22,910
17 years 2,080 1,075 1,000 47,280 24,370 22,910
18 years 2,100 1,085 1,020 47,780 24,435 23,345
19 years 2,260 1,165 1,095 48,920 24,935 23,985
20 to 24 years 10,555 5,240 5,315 258,475 131,510 126,965
25 to 29 years 9,720 4,845 4,865 288,735 146,330 142,405
30 to 34 years 9,585 4,720 4,865 274,390 138,600 135,795
35 to 39 years 10,005 4,995 5,015 260,135 131,810 128,325
40 to 44 years 10,580 5,200 5,380 258,515 130,630 127,890
45 to 49 years 13,500 6,680 6,820 280,635 140,575 140,060
50 to 54 years 13,195 6,345 6,850 279,705 141,370 138,335
55 to 59 years 11,800 5,675 6,125 233,785 118,750 115,030
60 to 64 years 10,360 5,185 5,180 182,160 90,975 91,185
65 to 69 years 7,810 3,745 4,070 125,700 61,790 63,905
70 to 74 years 6,175 2,845 3,325 94,775 45,220 49,555
75 to 79 years 5,095 2,195 2,900 76,040 35,205 40,835
80 to 84 years 3,780 1,600 2,190 57,725 24,810 32,915
85 years and over 2,975 975 2,000 51,485 17,095 34,390
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 42.3 41.1 43.4 36.5 35.9 37.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.4 83.6 85.1 81.2 80.8 81.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 135,675 65,630 70,050 2,960,470 1,476,730 1,483,735
Married or living with a common-law partner 79,255 39,600 39,650 1,756,855 881,840 875,015
Married (and not separated) 64,075 32,015 32,055 1,484,700 745,670 739,035
Living common law 15,180 7,580 7,595 272,155 136,180 135,980
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 56,425 26,030 30,395 1,203,610 594,890 608,725
Single (never legally married) 34,890 18,945 15,945 823,935 460,575 363,355
Separated 4,665 2,090 2,570 70,860 31,685 39,170
Divorced 7,550 3,190 4,355 177,375 75,875 101,500
Widowed 9,330 1,810 7,520 131,440 26,745 104,695
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 47,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 999,530 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 25,025 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 484,825 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 10,275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 213,675 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 203,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 97,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 47,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 999,530 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 39,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 855,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 31,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 719,360 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 15,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 314,230 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 15,690 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 405,125 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 6,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 146,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 7,055 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 174,625 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 2,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 7,580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 135,660 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 4,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83,430 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 3,420 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 52,230 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 26,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,250 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 17,235 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 7,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 144,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 6,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 110,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 3,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 64,825 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,830 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 32,100 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 570 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,875 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 1,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 33,710 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 22,340 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 375 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,595 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 45,145 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,097,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 9,625 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 284,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 15,270 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 386,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 5,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 134,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 9,400 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 202,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 4,915 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 89,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 158,260 77,540 80,725 3,567,935 1,793,260 1,774,675
Number of persons not in census families 26,990 12,685 14,310 616,070 324,140 291,930
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 2,715 1,180 1,530 86,005 42,230 43,775
Living with non-relatives only 5,080 2,845 2,235 187,325 112,605 74,725
Living alone 19,195 8,655 10,540 342,730 169,305 173,430
Number of census family persons 131,270 64,855 66,415 2,951,870 1,469,120 1,482,750
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 23,920 10,760 13,160 366,105 171,780 194,330
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 8,025 2,240 5,785 114,455 34,650 79,805
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 780 175 605 15,895 3,895 12,000
Living with non-relatives only 445 220 230 7,200 3,595 3,605
Living alone 6,800 1,850 4,950 91,355 27,160 64,195
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 15,895 8,520 7,380 251,650 137,125 114,525
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 67,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,390,275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 46,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 969,755 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 43,170 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 870,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 36,635 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 764,130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 18,670 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 354,595 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 17,970 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 409,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 6,530 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 106,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 3,045 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 99,070 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,255 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 71,170 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 1,410 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 49,400 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 655 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 20,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 29,050 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 21,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 785 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 27,900 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 21,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 420,520 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 19,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 342,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 2,360 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 77,790 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 67,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,390,275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 42,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 883,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 58,205 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 46,590 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 20,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 402,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 3,180 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 71,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 2,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 97,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 3,830 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 33,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,445 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 197,940 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,060 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 67,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,390,275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 19,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 342,730 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 24,730 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 477,095 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 10,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 224,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 9,335 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 211,645 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 2,795 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 85,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 48,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 158,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,567,935 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 159,195 77,925 81,270 3,610,185 1,811,450 1,798,730
  Single responses  155,915 76,360 79,555 3,547,680 1,781,135 1,766,545
    English  102,755 51,150 51,605 2,780,200 1,405,655 1,374,545
    French  42,815 20,295 22,520 68,545 35,355 33,195
    Non-official languages  10,340 4,915 5,425 698,930 340,125 358,805
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 290 100 190 22,005 10,540 11,470
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  60 20 50 16,745 8,035 8,710
        Dene  0 0 0 1,680 825 855
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0 65 20 40
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0 20 15 10
        Ojibway  225 85 140 455 190 260
        Oji-Cree  5 5 5 5 5 10
        Stoney  0 0 0 3,035 1,465 1,570
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 9,950 4,770 5,175 665,865 324,165 341,705
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 3,380 1,855 1,525
        Afrikaans  10 5 5 2,420 1,200 1,220
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5 1,100 620 485
        Albanian  0 0 5 1,685 915 770
        Amharic  5 0 0 5,110 2,595 2,515
        Arabic  405 245 155 28,000 15,335 12,665
        Armenian  10 5 5 390 185 195
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 1,265 635 625
        Bengali  15 10 5 5,030 2,640 2,385
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0 60 30 25
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5 3,255 1,340 1,910
        Bosnian  5 0 0 1,745 875 875
        Bulgarian  20 5 10 1,280 635 650
        Burmese  5 0 5 320 160 160
        Cantonese  135 70 65 34,985 16,440 18,540
        Chinese, n.o.s.  265 130 135 49,270 23,520 25,745
        Creoles  10 5 5 1,180 610 570
        Croatian  285 130 150 3,960 1,950 2,005
        Czech  60 35 25 2,880 1,405 1,475
        Danish  35 20 15 2,805 1,445 1,360
        Dutch  170 85 80 17,950 9,095 8,855
        Estonian  40 25 15 195 100 95
        Finnish  1,440 655 785 895 355 545
        Flemish  5 0 0 345 175 170
        Fukien  5 0 0 445 205 235
        German  770 375 395 80,905 39,730 41,175
        Greek  140 70 70 2,965 1,565 1,405
        Gujarati  95 50 45 8,675 4,300 4,375
        Hakka  0 0 0 325 135 190
        Hebrew  0 0 0 780 415 370
        Hindi  80 45 35 12,290 6,260 6,030
        Hungarian  105 55 50 6,700 3,315 3,385
        Ilocano  0 0 5 3,010 1,265 1,745
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 1,070 580 490
        Italian  2,745 1,330 1,415 11,960 6,145 5,815
        Japanese  15 0 15 4,560 1,640 2,920
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5 1,745 810 930
        Korean  90 40 45 13,885 6,545 7,340
        Kurdish  0 0 0 1,230 705 525
        Lao  5 0 0 1,035 515 520
        Latvian  40 20 20 330 160 165
        Lingala  5 0 5 155 80 75
        Lithuanian  50 20 25 380 170 210
        Macedonian  5 0 0 275 140 135
        Malay  20 5 15 1,080 470 610
        Malayalam  20 15 10 2,760 1,425 1,330
        Maltese  0 0 0 75 35 35
        Mandarin  85 40 50 19,325 9,120 10,210
        Marathi  5 0 5 850 460 395
        Nepali  15 10 5 1,605 870 735
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 2,075 1,120 960
        Norwegian  10 5 5 1,180 540 635
        Oromo  5 5 0 1,405 790 610
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  95 45 45 49,940 25,350 24,590
        Pashto  0 0 0 1,850 950 900
        Persian (Farsi)  65 30 30 10,655 5,630 5,025
        Polish  535 225 310 19,890 9,335 10,560
        Portuguese  185 100 85 7,380 3,610 3,770
        Romanian  45 20 25 6,550 3,335 3,215
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 10 235 110 120
        Russian  80 25 55 13,840 6,355 7,490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5 440 225 215
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 680 360 325
        Serbian  85 50 40 3,560 1,795 1,765
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 0 930 455 475
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 130 50 80
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 465 250 215
        Sindhi  20 5 10 2,560 1,205 1,355
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  25 15 10 1,940 1,030 915
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 650 335 315
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 325 160 165
        Slovak  55 25 30 2,145 1,045 1,100
        Slovenian  55 35 30 745 350 395
        Somali  5 0 0 5,515 2,875 2,640
        Spanish  290 125 165 44,020 22,045 21,975
        Swahili  15 10 5 1,455 775 680
        Swedish  25 10 15 950 420 530
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  110 35 75 60,085 25,720 34,370
        Taiwanese  0 5 0 340 150 190
        Tamil  30 20 10 2,645 1,425 1,215
        Telugu  30 10 15 1,085 565 520
        Thai  10 5 10 1,310 420 890
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 335 170 165
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 2,340 1,245 1,095
        Turkish  20 15 5 2,460 1,415 1,050
        Ukrainian  585 245 340 24,575 11,095 13,475
        Urdu  120 65 60 19,900 10,265 9,630
        Vietnamese  100 45 55 21,195 9,930 11,265
        Yiddish  5 0 5 165 85 80
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 105 40 65 11,055 5,420 5,635
  Multiple responses          3,280 1,565 1,715 62,505 30,325 32,185
    English and French  2,495 1,185 1,315 8,410 4,045 4,365
    English and non-official language  630 305 330 49,970 24,210 25,760
    French and non-official language  105 50 55 2,945 1,500 1,440
    English, French and non-official language 50 25 20 1,185 565 620
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,925 81,270 3,610,185 1,811,450 1,798,735
  English only 95,390 48,245 47,140 3,321,810 1,679,330 1,642,480
  French only 1,665 715 950 3,205 1,430 1,780
  English and French 61,795 28,845 32,955 235,565 110,485 125,075
  Neither English nor French 345 120 230 49,600 20,210 29,395
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,930 81,275 3,610,180 1,811,455 1,798,735
  English 115,915 57,465 58,455 3,484,240 1,751,785 1,732,460
  French 42,125 19,950 22,170 65,105 33,810 31,295
  English and French 825 405 420 12,530 6,305 6,225
  Neither English nor French 335 110 220 48,310 19,555 28,750
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 42,535 20,150 22,385 71,370 36,960 34,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 26.7 25.9 27.5 2.0 2.0 1.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,925 81,275 3,610,185 1,811,455 1,798,730
  Single responses 155,525 76,230 79,300 3,499,490 1,757,090 1,742,400
    English 128,790 63,910 64,880 3,095,250 1,557,420 1,537,830
    French 23,495 10,840 12,655 24,690 12,545 12,140
    Non-official languages 3,235 1,480 1,755 379,550 187,125 192,425
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 70 30 40 9,525 4,800 4,730
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 25 5 20 6,470 3,255 3,215
        Dene 0 0 0 880 475 400
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Ojibway 45 25 25 95 35 60
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
        Stoney 0 0 0 2,070 1,025 1,045
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 3,130 1,435 1,700 366,215 180,370 185,850
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,880 990 885
        Afrikaans 5 0 5 1,435 715 715
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 460 235 225
        Albanian 0 0 0 915 505 410
        Amharic 0 0 0 3,555 1,770 1,790
        Arabic 240 145 100 16,655 8,765 7,890
        Armenian 5 0 5 205 100 100
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 395 190 205
        Bengali 10 5 0 3,540 1,820 1,720
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 35 15 15
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0 1,125 530 595
        Bosnian 0 0 0 885 450 430
        Bulgarian 5 5 5 755 375 375
        Burmese 0 0 0 215 115 105
        Cantonese 70 30 40 24,790 11,520 13,270
        Chinese, n.o.s. 155 85 75 32,395 15,515 16,880
        Creoles 0 0 0 630 315 310
        Croatian 85 35 45 1,375 645 735
        Czech 5 5 5 755 380 375
        Danish 0 0 0 175 95 80
        Dutch 10 5 5 2,390 1,180 1,210
        Estonian 10 5 0 25 10 15
        Finnish 290 130 155 115 50 60
        Flemish 0 0 0 40 20 20
        Fukien 0 0 0 120 45 75
        German 90 40 50 35,485 17,490 18,000
        Greek 55 25 35 905 440 460
        Gujarati 55 30 30 5,040 2,450 2,590
        Hakka 0 0 0 110 50 60
        Hebrew 0 0 0 370 190 180
        Hindi 30 15 15 6,955 3,525 3,425
        Hungarian 15 5 10 1,900 920 980
        Ilocano 0 0 0 1,060 490 575
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 510 260 245
        Italian 895 380 520 3,235 1,455 1,785
        Japanese 5 5 5 2,125 890 1,235
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 960 445 510
        Korean 65 30 40 10,340 4,980 5,370
        Kurdish 0 0 0 785 435 350
        Lao 0 0 0 530 250 285
        Latvian 10 5 5 85 55 35
        Lingala 0 0 0 45 25 25
        Lithuanian 10 0 5 85 40 40
        Macedonian 0 0 0 110 55 55
        Malay 10 0 10 370 200 165
        Malayalam 10 5 5 1,495 760 735
        Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 5
        Mandarin 60 30 35 14,910 7,300 7,610
        Marathi 0 0 0 430 230 205
        Nepali 10 5 5 1,190 625 570
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 595 285 305
        Norwegian 0 0 0 190 95 95
        Oromo 5 5 0 1,050 565 485
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 30 10 15 38,215 19,220 19,000
        Pashto 0 0 0 1,235 625 610
        Persian (Farsi) 45 20 20 7,260 3,680 3,580
        Polish 160 60 95 7,935 3,805 4,125
        Portuguese 70 35 30 2,915 1,400 1,515
        Romanian 15 5 5 3,735 1,930 1,805
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 60
        Russian 40 15 25 8,360 4,115 4,250
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5 220 115 105
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 375 185 190
        Serbian 35 20 15 2,025 1,010 1,015
        Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 435 225 210
        Shanghainese 0 0 0 65 35 35
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 685 415 270
        Sindhi 0 0 5 1,105 490 610
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 1,000 530 465
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 260 240
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 70 35 35
        Slovak 10 5 5 680 340 335
        Slovenian 10 5 5 120 50 70
        Somali 0 0 0 4,110 2,130 1,985
        Spanish 115 50 65 27,405 13,830 13,575
        Swahili 0 0 0 580 310 275
        Swedish 5 5 0 115 55 55
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 15 33,190 15,940 17,255
        Taiwanese 0 0 0 130 60 70
        Tamil 15 10 5 1,515 805 715
        Telugu 15 10 5 565 295 270
        Thai 5 5 5 595 270 325
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0 235 120 110
        Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,595 820 775
        Turkish 0 0 0 1,610 860 750
        Ukrainian 120 40 80 2,985 1,365 1,620
        Urdu 75 35 35 13,740 7,005 6,735
        Vietnamese 70 30 35 15,080 7,140 7,945
        Yiddish 0 0 0 5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 35 15 20 3,810 1,955 1,850
  Multiple responses         3,670 1,700 1,975 110,695 54,360 56,335
    English and French 2,385 1,100 1,280 4,945 2,520 2,425
    English and non-official language 1,195 560 640 102,995 50,465 52,535
    French and non-official language 45 25 20 1,115 570 550
    English, French and non-official language 50 20 30 1,640 815 825
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 159,200 77,925 81,270 3,610,185 1,811,455 1,798,730
  None 124,145 61,740 62,410 3,175,225 1,598,555 1,576,670
  Single responses  34,780 16,065 18,715 427,270 209,070 218,200
    English  14,485 6,700 7,785 175,275 88,065 87,205
    French  16,360 7,505 8,855 36,995 17,270 19,730
    Non-official languages  3,935 1,855 2,080 215,005 103,740 111,265
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 290 120 175 11,185 5,305 5,880
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  25 10 20 9,370 4,490 4,885
        Dene  0 0 0 655 290 365
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0 55 20 35
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0 20 10 10
        Ojibway  260 105 160 220 90 130
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0 855 405 450
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 3,555 1,705 1,850 197,700 95,500 102,195
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 970 540 430
        Afrikaans  5 5 0 935 475 455
        Akan (Twi)  10 0 10 620 350 270
        Albanian  0 0 0 490 265 230
        Amharic  5 0 5 1,395 750 650
        Arabic  130 80 45 12,895 6,955 5,945
        Armenian  0 0 0 95 40 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 0 550 265 285
        Bengali  5 0 0 1,010 515 490
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5 830 330 505
        Bosnian  5 5 0 580 280 305
        Bulgarian  5 0 5 320 150 175
        Burmese  0 0 0 115 60 55
        Cantonese  55 30 25 9,235 4,460 4,775
        Chinese, n.o.s.  65 40 25 10,445 5,115 5,330
        Creoles  20 15 5 720 360 355
        Croatian  95 45 55 1,555 775 780
        Czech  30 10 10 990 480 515
        Danish  10 5 5 945 430 515
        Dutch  40 15 25 5,765 2,795 2,965
        Estonian  15 5 5 50 30 25
        Finnish  515 220 295 300 130 175
        Flemish  0 0 0 70 40 35
        Fukien  5 0 0 155 75 80
        German  265 120 145 18,255 8,815 9,440
        Greek  60 30 25 1,720 850 870
        Gujarati  10 5 5 2,970 1,465 1,500
        Hakka  0 0 0 105 40 65
        Hebrew  5 0 0 600 300 290
        Hindi  70 35 30 7,045 3,685 3,365
        Hungarian  30 15 15 2,015 970 1,040
        Ilocano  0 0 0 845 360 480
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 320 175 140
        Italian  1,005 480 525 5,390 2,700 2,685
        Japanese  10 5 0 2,250 960 1,290
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0 525 255 270
        Korean  15 5 10 2,420 1,125 1,290
        Kurdish  0 0 0 300 165 135
        Lao  0 0 0 365 190 175
        Latvian  10 5 5 80 30 50
        Lingala  10 5 5 230 115 115
        Lithuanian  10 5 5 95 45 45
        Macedonian  5 0 0 90 40 50
        Malay  5 0 5 460 205 255
        Malayalam  10 5 5 960 485 470
        Maltese  0 0 0 15 10 10
        Mandarin  25 10 10 4,300 1,965 2,335
        Marathi  5 0 5 240 130 110
        Nepali  0 5 0 235 135 90
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 1,685 860 830
        Norwegian  5 5 5 355 160 195
        Oromo  0 0 0 255 130 130
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  35 25 10 8,810 4,560 4,245
        Pashto  0 0 0 340 170 170
        Persian (Farsi)  10 10 0 2,105 1,130 980
        Polish  170 70 95 6,180 2,890 3,290
        Portuguese  55 30 20 3,195 1,565 1,630
        Romanian  10 5 10 1,715 865 850
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5 120 65 55
        Russian  35 10 20 4,020 1,825 2,200
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5 195 100 100
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 185 100 90
        Serbian  30 15 10 1,135 575 555
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0 260 125 140
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 40 15 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 5 15 645 270 375
        Sindhi  5 0 0 1,185 560 630
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0 755 395 360
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 115 65 50
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 50 40
        Slovak  15 5 5 605 300 300
        Slovenian  10 5 0 250 120 130
        Somali  0 0 0 1,435 745 690
        Spanish  235 100 130 18,355 9,210 9,145
        Swahili  15 15 5 1,145 610 540
        Swedish  5 5 5 450 205 245
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 5 20 18,450 6,985 11,460
        Taiwanese  0 0 0 125 60 65
        Tamil  20 10 15 880 460 420
        Telugu  10 5 5 360 195 165
        Thai  5 5 0 575 185 390
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 60 35 30
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 740 395 345
        Turkish  10 5 10 640 370 270
        Ukrainian  165 75 95 7,440 3,335 4,105
        Urdu  45 20 20 4,905 2,555 2,355
        Vietnamese  15 5 10 4,960 2,345 2,615
        Yiddish  0 0 0 60 30 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 85 35 50 6,125 2,940 3,190
  Multiple responses          275 125 150 7,690 3,825 3,865
    English and French  40 25 20 995 520 475
    English and non-official language  80 40 40 2,860 1,445 1,405
    French and non-official language  155 60 95 3,785 1,820 1,960
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0 55 35 25

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (Census Metropolitan Area), Ontario and Alberta (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury
(CMA)
Alberta
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.9%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.4%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 158,260 77,440 80,820 3,567,980 1,793,675 1,774,300
Canadian citizens 156,115 76,405 79,705 3,326,540 1,676,365 1,650,175
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,410 15,945 15,465 780,625 400,615 380,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 124,700 60,465 64,240 2,545,915 1,275,750 1,270,165
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,145 1,030 1,120 241,435 117,310 124,125
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 158,260 77,440 80,820 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,305
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 147,880 72,395 75,490 2,864,240 1,449,740 1,414,500
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 9,775 4,705 5,075 644,115 313,170 330,940
Before 1971 5,645 2,790 2,855 92,610 45,390 47,220
1971 to 1980 1,320 615 710 83,620 41,910 41,710
1981 to 1990 670 320 355 86,190 41,145 45,040
1991 to 2000 905 440 470 124,465 58,970 65,495
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,230 545 690 257,230 125,755 131,475
2001 to 2005 565 225 340 113,060 56,395 56,660
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 665 320 345 144,170 69,360 74,815
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 605 340 260 59,620 30,765 28,855
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 9,775 4,705 5,070 644,115 313,170 330,940
Under 5 years 1,335 675 660 67,765 33,995 33,775
5 to 14 years 1,895 930 960 116,525 60,020 56,510
15 to 24 years 3,015 1,495 1,515 141,775 66,170 75,600
25 to 44 years 3,295 1,500 1,795 265,305 128,535 136,765
45 years and over 235 100 135 52,740 24,450 28,290
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 158,260 77,435 80,820 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 147,880 72,390 75,485 2,864,245 1,449,740 1,414,500
Born in province of residence 135,380 66,150 69,230 1,911,800 962,140 949,665
Born outside province of residence 12,500 6,245 6,260 952,440 487,600 464,835
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 9,780 4,700 5,070 644,115 313,170 330,945
Americas 1,175 445 730 86,500 41,270 45,230
United States 600 175 425 31,050 13,785 17,265
Jamaica 80 35 40 4,340 2,120 2,220
Guyana 30 0 20 2,330 1,115 1,220
Haiti 0 0 0 720 340 380
Mexico 110 25 85 10,755 5,325 5,430
Trinidad and Tobago 45 35 0 2,950 1,470 1,480
Colombia 0 0 0 6,860 3,470 3,395
El Salvador 0 0 0 5,535 2,730 2,800
Peru 30 20 0 1,310 575 740
Chile 40 0 30 4,305 2,285 2,015
Other places of birth in Americas 175 80 90 16,345 8,070 8,275
Europe 6,795 3,345 3,450 178,660 88,400 90,265
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,330 655 680 58,245 28,985 29,260
Italy 1,775 860 910 8,050 4,135 3,920
Germany 745 420 320 20,085 9,780 10,310
Poland 385 170 215 16,335 7,335 8,995
Portugal 100 50 50 3,465 1,775 1,695
Netherlands 145 60 85 15,290 7,980 7,310
France 65 40 25 2,390 1,120 1,270
Romania 0 0 0 6,235 3,155 3,085
Russian Federation 40 20 20 5,900 2,590 3,310
Greece 200 115 85 1,455 800 660
Ukraine 160 70 85 6,430 2,860 3,565
Croatia 105 40 65 2,775 1,365 1,410
Hungary 70 40 25 3,620 1,960 1,660
Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 35 75 3,720 1,940 1,780
Serbia 115 70 40 1,865 890 970
Ireland, Republic of 155 40 115 2,795 1,430 1,365
Other places of birth in Europe 1,295 645 650 19,995 10,305 9,690
Africa 445 235 215 55,855 29,580 26,275
Morocco 0 0 0 890 530 360
Algeria 0 0 0 695 365 330
Egypt 25 0 0 3,120 1,735 1,390
South Africa, Republic of 150 80 65 6,010 2,965 3,045
Nigeria 0 0 0 5,575 2,885 2,690
Ethiopia 0 0 0 6,375 3,385 2,990
Kenya 0 0 0 4,005 2,130 1,880
Other places of birth in Africa 210 105 100 29,180 15,580 13,595
Asia 1,290 655 635 314,145 149,480 164,670
India 275 120 155 59,020 29,590 29,430
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 260 125 135 49,595 23,180 26,420
Philippines 100 50 55 69,575 29,270 40,305
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 75 35 40 17,300 8,410 8,890
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 25 0 0 26,020 12,470 13,545
Pakistan 75 45 35 19,110 9,910 9,195
Sri Lanka 60 0 0 3,295 1,650 1,645
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 50 40 0 5,595 3,095 2,500
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 95 35 55 9,575 4,485 5,085
Lebanon 70 35 35 8,390 4,580 3,810
Taiwan 0 0 0 2,960 1,375 1,585
Iraq 0 0 0 3,825 2,120 1,705
Bangladesh 0 0 0 3,680 1,920 1,760
Afghanistan 20 0 0 4,345 2,240 2,105
Japan 0 0 0 2,935 955 1,980
Turkey 0 0 0 1,670 970 700
Other places of birth in Asia 155 90 60 27,270 13,255 14,010
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 70 30 40 8,955 4,440 4,510
Fiji 0 0 0 4,140 1,985 2,150
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 70 25 45 4,815 2,455 2,360
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 605 340 265 59,625 30,765 28,855
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 665 320 350 144,165 69,360 74,810
Americas 205 85 115 21,555 10,565 10,990
United States 100 40 55 6,190 2,820 3,375
Mexico 40 0 0 4,115 2,090 2,020
Cuba 0 0 0 440 265 180
Haiti 0 0 0 430 210 220
Jamaica 0 0 0 495 265 225
Brazil 15 0 0 795 335 460
Colombia 0 0 0 3,100 1,630 1,470
Guyana 0 0 0 95 35 60
Peru 0 0 0 515 205 305
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 15 0 0 1,930 985 950
Other places of birth in Americas 30 0 20 3,455 1,720 1,730
Europe 65 40 25 19,295 9,720 9,580
France 0 0 0 480 210 270
Germany 0 0 0 1,710 890 825
Poland 0 0 0 985 385 595
Romania 0 0 0 1,550 750 805
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0 495 295 200
Russian Federation 0 0 0 1,695 800 895
Ukraine 0 0 0 1,350 600 755
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0 7,335 3,980 3,355
Other places of birth in Europe 25 0 15 3,700 1,810 1,890
Africa 150 65 85 17,435 8,980 8,450
Nigeria 0 0 0 3,200 1,620 1,580
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,355 1,190 1,165
Mauritius 0 0 0 320 190 130
Somalia 0 0 0 1,275 685 595
Algeria 0 0 0 255 125 130
Egypt 0 0 0 910 480 425
Morocco 0 0 0 400 210 195
Tunisia 0 0 0 175 105 75
Cameroon 0 0 0 615 340 275
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0 365 215 155
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0 1,500 715 790
Other places of birth in Africa 75 40 35 6,065 3,115 2,950
Asia 235 120 115 84,520 39,440 45,080
Philippines 20 0 15 29,215 13,025 16,190
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 30 0 25 10,395 4,735 5,660
India 75 40 35 16,810 8,390 8,420
Pakistan 0 0 0 6,070 2,830 3,240
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0 1,820 1,055 770
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 20 20 2,995 1,355 1,635
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 1,245 625 625
Iraq 0 0 0 1,040 505 535
Bangladesh 0 0 0 1,405 695 705
Lebanon 0 0 0 1,440 795 640
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0 1,855 665 1,195
Taiwan 0 0 0 445 155 295
Afghanistan 0 0 0 785 385 400
Japan 0 0 0 955 330 625
Turkey 0 0 0 370 210 165
Israel 0 0 0 215 110 110
Nepal 0 0 0 770 390 380
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 660 195 470
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 530 310 220
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0 545 305 240
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0 210 95 120
Other places of birth in Asia 30 15 0 4,740 2,280 2,460
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0 1,360 645 705
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 158,265 77,435 80,820 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 10,615 5,190 5,420 715,370 349,885 365,480
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 17,535 9,000 8,535 681,780 341,775 340,005
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 130,115 63,245 66,870 2,170,835 1,102,015 1,068,820
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 158,260 77,435 80,820 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,200 2,255 1,945 656,325 326,340 329,985
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 625 355 280 156,665 81,035 75,630
Chinese 800 455 340 133,390 64,845 68,550
Black 935 525 410 74,435 39,170 35,265
Filipino 190 90 105 106,035 47,370 58,660
Latin American 290 125 170 41,305 21,205 20,095
Arab 455 240 210 34,920 18,510 16,415
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 325 175 150 41,025 20,440 20,585
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 85 60 30 16,030 8,600 7,425
Korean 175 80 95 15,000 7,235 7,765
Japanese 30 0 15 12,415 5,595 6,820
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 65 0 35 6,270 3,130 3,140
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 230 125 105 18,840 9,210 9,630
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 154,055 75,180 78,880 2,911,650 1,467,335 1,444,315
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 158,260 77,440 80,820 3,567,980 1,793,680 1,774,300
North American Aboriginal origins 17,730 8,510 9,215 263,720 129,275 134,445
First Nations (North American Indian) 10,860 5,260 5,600 177,140 86,660 90,480
Inuit 140 50 85 3,245 1,590 1,655
Métis 7,070 3,365 3,710 94,615 46,195 48,420
Other North American origins 67,640 32,620 35,020 830,700 424,805 405,895
Acadian 290 155 130 4,775 2,595 2,175
American 1,165 575 590 71,430 35,370 36,065
Canadian 66,265 31,925 34,335 776,695 397,910 378,785
New Brunswicker 0 0 0 70 45 25
Newfoundlander 135 90 40 1,890 1,150 740
Nova Scotian 0 0 0 120 45 75
Ontarian 100 40 60 65 45 20
Québécois 400 220 185 1,070 625 440
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0 980 500 480
European origins 124,610 60,700 63,910 2,506,665 1,254,145 1,252,520
British Isles origins 67,400 32,415 34,985 1,537,660 763,770 773,890
Channel Islander 0 0 0 160 90 75
Cornish 0 0 0 170 105 70
English 35,500 17,105 18,400 886,760 436,945 449,815
Irish 30,420 14,280 16,140 565,120 271,495 293,630
Manx 0 0 0 680 335 345
Scottish 24,830 11,730 13,110 670,950 331,010 339,950
Welsh 2,080 975 1,100 75,870 37,375 38,495
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,440 1,145 1,290 79,300 38,965 40,330
French origins 63,785 30,905 32,880 396,230 194,565 201,665
Alsatian 0 0 0 115 45 70
Breton 0 0 0 70 35 40
French 63,785 30,905 32,885 396,110 194,520 201,595
Western European origins (except French origins) 17,530 8,625 8,905 876,045 435,855 440,190
Austrian 455 225 235 36,670 18,235 18,440
Belgian 525 240 285 20,390 10,200 10,190
Dutch 3,430 1,700 1,735 182,265 91,305 90,955
Flemish 65 25 45 2,380 1,340 1,045
Frisian 0 0 0 840 435 405
German 13,755 6,720 7,035 683,835 339,445 344,390
Luxembourger 0 0 0 635 305 330
Swiss 285 145 140 23,020 11,185 11,840
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0 400 180 220
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 11,110 5,205 5,905 321,840 154,735 167,105
Danish 780 360 415 59,060 28,725 30,335
Finnish 8,185 3,855 4,335 16,280 7,680 8,600
Icelandic 345 140 205 17,075 8,110 8,970
Norwegian 925 435 495 152,645 74,105 78,535
Swedish 1,415 690 720 96,890 45,025 51,865
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 70 30 45 12,810 6,245 6,570
Eastern European origins 13,645 7,005 6,640 638,385 314,745 323,645
Bulgarian 45 30 0 2,300 1,190 1,110
Byelorussian 70 20 50 1,965 985 980
Czech 455 250 205 18,910 9,420 9,490
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 120 75 50 9,465 4,430 5,035
Estonian 200 125 80 2,860 1,295 1,570
Hungarian 935 485 455 52,020 25,995 26,025
Latvian 135 60 70 2,985 1,440 1,545
Lithuanian 355 210 145 5,310 2,655 2,650
Moldovan 0 0 0 690 445 245
Polish 4,765 2,400 2,365 174,380 84,820 89,560
Romanian 270 110 160 29,425 13,740 15,690
Russian 850 455 400 99,775 49,080 50,700
Slovak 285 160 125 10,090 5,090 4,995
Ukrainian 7,050 3,585 3,460 345,405 170,140 175,270
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0 1,145 550 590
Southern European origins 16,350 8,210 8,140 182,520 91,290 91,225