NHS Focus on Geography Series – Fredericton


Aboriginal Peoples

Demographic characteristics of Aboriginal people

In 2011, 3.7% (3,455) of the population of Fredericton had an Aboriginal identity.Aboriginal Peoples Footnote 1 Of those, 83.4% (2,880) reported a First Nations identityAboriginal Peoples Footnote 2 only, 11.4% (395) reported a Métis identity only, and 1.6% (55) reported an Inuit identity only. An additional 105, or 3.0%, reported other Aboriginal identities and 0, or 0.0%, reported more than one Aboriginal identity.

Table 1 – Population by Aboriginal identity, Fredericton

Table summary

This table presents the population by Aboriginal identity. The column headings are: population; Fredericton and New Brunswick. The columns Fredericton and New Brunswick are divided into number, percentage of total population and percentage of Aboriginal identity population. The rows are: total population; Aboriginal identity population; First Nations single identity; First Nations single identity (Registered or Treaty Indian); First Nations single identity (not a Registered or Treaty Indian); Métis single identity; Inuit single identity; multiple Aboriginal identities; Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere; non-Aboriginal identity population.

Table 1 – Population by Aboriginal identity, Fredericton, New Brunswick
Population Fredericton New Brunswick
Number % of total population % of Aboriginal identity population Number % of total population % of Aboriginal identity population
Total population in private households 93,080 100.0 ... 735,835 100.0 ...
   Aboriginal identity population 3,455 3.7 100.0 22,620 3.1 100.0
      First Nations single identity 2,880 3.1 83.4 16,120 2.2 71.3
         First Nations single identity (Registered or Treaty Indian) 2,270 2.4 65.7 10,275 1.4 45.4
         First Nations single identity (not a Registered or Treaty Indian) 610 0.7 17.7 5,845 0.8 25.8
      Métis single identity 395 0.4 11.4 4,850 0.7 21.4
      Inuit single identity 55 0.1 1.6 485 0.1 2.1
      Multiple Aboriginal identities 0 0.0 0.0 150 0.0 0.7
      Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere 105 0.1 3.0 1,020 0.1 4.5
   Non-Aboriginal identity population 89,630 96.3 ... 713,215 96.9 ...

In general, the Aboriginal population in Canada is younger than the non-Aboriginal population.

In Fredericton, Aboriginal children aged 14 and under represented 30.2% of the total Aboriginal population and 6.7% of all children in Fredericton. Non-Aboriginal children aged 14 and under accounted for 16.1% of the non-Aboriginal population.

The age distribution of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit is shown in table 2.

Table 2 – Age distribution by Aboriginal identity, Fredericton

Table summary

This table presents the population by Aboriginal identity and distribution by various age groups. The column headings are: population; Fredericton and New Brunswick. The column percentage distribution by age groups is shown for Fredericton and New Brunswick and is further divided into: total - age groups; 0 to 14 years; 15 to 24 years; 25 to 64 years; 65 years and over. The rows are: total population; Aboriginal identity population; First Nations single identity; First Nations single identity (Registered or Treaty Indian); First Nations single identity (not a Registered or Treaty Indian); Métis single identity; Inuit single identity; multiple Aboriginal identities; Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere; non-Aboriginal identity population.

Table 2 – Age distribution by Aboriginal identity, Fredericton, New Brunswick
Population Fredericton New Brunswick
Total – Age groups 0 to 14 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 64 years 65 years and over Total – Age groups 0 to 14 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 64 years 65 years and over
Percentage (%) distribution by age groups Percentage (%) distribution by age groups
Total population in private households 100.0 16.7 14.0 56.3 13.1 100.0 15.4 12.1 56.9 15.5
   Aboriginal identity population 100.0 30.2 19.1 47.8 2.9 100.0 25.2 17.1 51.0 6.7
      First Nations single identity 100.0 31.6 19.4 45.7 3.1 100.0 28.1 18.4 47.8 5.7
         First Nations single identity (Registered or Treaty Indian) 100.0 34.6 18.9 43.8 2.6 100.0 30.3 17.9 46.9 4.9
         First Nations single identity (not a Registered or Treaty Indian) 100.0 20.5 21.3 54.1 5.7 100.0 24.1 19.3 49.3 7.3
      Métis single identity 100.0 26.6 20.3 51.9 0.0 100.0 17.3 14.1 59.4 9.2
      Inuit single identity 100.0 54.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 39.2 15.5 44.3 0.0
      Multiple Aboriginal identities ... ... ... ... ... 100.0 36.7 0.0 53.3 0.0
      Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere 100.0 0.0 0.0 95.2 0.0 100.0 9.8 11.8 64.2 13.7
   Non-Aboriginal identity population 100.0 16.1 13.8 56.6 13.5 100.0 15.1 12.0 57.1 15.8

Living arrangements of Aboriginal children

In Fredericton, 46.4% of Aboriginal children aged 14 and under lived in a familyAboriginal Peoples Footnote 3 with both their parents (biological or adoptive) and 35.4% lived in a lone-parent family.Aboriginal Peoples Footnote 4 Other Aboriginal children in that age group were stepchildren,Aboriginal Peoples Footnote 5 grandchildren living in a skip-generation family,Aboriginal Peoples Footnote 6 foster childrenAboriginal Peoples Footnote 7 or children living with other relatives.

Living arrangements of First Nations, Métis and Inuit children aged 14 and under are illustrated in table 3.

Table 3 – Percentage distribution of the population aged 14 and under by living arrangement for selected Aboriginal identity categories, Fredericton

Table summary

This table presents the percentage distribution of the population aged 14 and under by living arrangement for selected Aboriginal identity categories. The column headings are: living arrangements; percentage distribution of the population for: total Aboriginal identity population; First Nations single identity; Métis single identity; Inuit single identity; non-Aboriginal identity population. The rows are: total population aged 14 and under; children of both parents; stepchildren; children of lone parent; of male lone parent; of female lone parent; grandchildren in skip-generation family; foster children; children living with other relatives.

Table 3 – Percentage distribution of the population aged 14 and under by living arrangement for selected Aboriginal identity categories, Fredericton
Living arrangements Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Percentage (%) distribution of the population
Table note(s):
Footnote 1

Includes children in a two-parent family where there may also be step siblings or half-siblings present. Also includes children in a two-parent family for whom it cannot be determined if they are stepchildren.

Return to footnote 3-1 referrer

Footnote 2

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to footnote 3-2 referrer

Footnote 3

This category excludes foster children.

Return to footnote 3-3 referrer

Total population aged 14 and under 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
   Children of both parentsTable 3 Footnote 1 46.4 41.8 85.7 0.0 73.0
   Stepchildren 13.4 14.3 0.0 0.0 6.3
   Children of lone parent 35.4 37.9 0.0 0.0 20.3
      Of male lone parent 6.2 6.0 0.0 0.0 3.3
      Of female lone parent 29.2 31.3 0.0 0.0 16.9
   Grandchildren in skip-generation family 3.3 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.3
   Foster children 1.4 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
   Children living with other relativesTable 3 Footnote 2,Table 3 Footnote 3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Language and Aboriginal peoples

In Fredericton, 335 Aboriginal people, or 9.7% of the population who had an Aboriginal identity, responded that they were able to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language. In 2011, the Aboriginal language most frequently reported by Aboriginal people was: Malecite (270).

In 2011, 5.9% of the Aboriginal identity population reported an Aboriginal language as mother tongue, defined as the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood.

As well, 6.1% of Aboriginal people reported speaking an Aboriginal language at home: 1.0% spoke it most often while another 5.1% spoke it on a regular basis.

Linguistic characteristics of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit are shown in tables 4 to 6.

Table 4 – Number and proportion of Aboriginal identity population, First Nations people, Métis and Inuit for selected Aboriginal language indicators, Fredericton

Table summary

This table presents number and proportion of Aboriginal identity population, First Nations people, Métis and Inuit for selected Aboriginal language indicators. The column headings are: selected Aboriginal language indicators; total Aboriginal identity population; First Nations single identity; Métis single identity; Inuit single identity. The last four columns are divided into number and percentage of population. The rows are: ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language; Aboriginal language as mother tongue; Aboriginal language spoken at least regularly at home; Aboriginal language spoken most often at home; Aboriginal language spoken regularly at home.

Table 4 – Number and proportion of Aboriginal identity population, First Nations people, Métis and Inuit for selected Aboriginal language indicators, Fredericton
Selected Aboriginal language indicators Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity
numberTable 4 Footnote 1 % of population number % of population number % of population number % of population
Table note(s):
Footnote 1

The estimates for the three Aboriginal groups do not add to the total Aboriginal identity population because only selected Aboriginal identity categories are shown.

Return to footnote 4-1 referrer

Footnote 2

This category excludes individuals who reported speaking one Aboriginal language most often at home and speaking another Aboriginal language regularly at home. These individuals are included only in the category 'Aboriginal language spoken most often at home.'

Return to footnote 4-2 referrer

Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language 335 9.7 330 11.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
Aboriginal language as mother tongue 205 5.9 200 6.9 0 0.0 0 0.0
Aboriginal language spoken at least regularly at home 210 6.1 210 7.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
   Aboriginal language spoken most often at home 35 1.0 35 1.2 0 0.0 0 0.0
   Aboriginal language spoken regularly at homeTable 4 Footnote 2 175 5.1 175 6.1 0 0.0 0 0.0

In Fredericton, 88.3% of the Aboriginal identity population reported that they were able to conduct a conversation only in English or only in French. Additionally, 11.7% of Aboriginal people reported that they were able to conduct a conversation in both of Canada's official languages. The other 0.0%, or 0, reported that they were not able to conduct a conversation in either of these two languages.

Table 5 – Percentage distribution of the population by knowledge of official languages for selected Aboriginal identity categories, Fredericton

Table summary

This table presents the percentage distribution of the population by knowledge of official languages for selected Aboriginal identity categories. The column headings are: knowledge of official languages; percentage distribution of the population for: total Aboriginal identity population; First Nations single identity; Métis single identity; Inuit single identity; non-Aboriginal identity population. The rows are: total population; English only; French only; English and French; neither English nor French.

Table 5 – Percentage distribution of the population by knowledge of official languages for selected Aboriginal identity categories, Fredericton
Knowledge of official languages Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Percentage (%) distribution of the population
Total population in private households 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
   English only 88.3 91.7 67.1 81.8 78.1
   French only 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4
   English and French 11.7 8.2 31.6 0.0 21.3
   Neither English nor French 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

In Fredericton, among the 335 Aboriginal people who reported being able to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language, 56.7% reported that same language as their mother tongue. The other 43.3% reported a different language, such as English or French, as mother tongue, which suggests these individuals have acquired an Aboriginal language as a second language.

On the other hand, among the 205 Aboriginal people who reported an Aboriginal language as mother tongue, 4.9% could no longer conduct a conversation in this language, despite the fact that they still understand it.

Table 6 – Population who reported an ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language that is not their mother tongue and population who reported an Aboriginal mother tongue but who could not conduct a conversation in that language, for selected Aboriginal identity categories, Fredericton

Table summary

This table presents the population who reported an ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language that is not their mother tongue and the population who reported an Aboriginal mother tongue but who could not conduct a conversation in that language, for selected Aboriginal identity categories. The column headings are: selected Aboriginal identity categories; persons reporting an ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language that is not their mother tongue; persons reporting an Aboriginal mother tongue but who could not conduct a conversation in that language. The last two columns are divided into number and percentage of population. The rows are: total Aboriginal identity population; First Nations single identity; Métis single identity; Inuit single identity; non-Aboriginal identity population.

Table 6 – Population who reported an ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language that is not their mother tongue and population who reported an Aboriginal mother tongue but who could not conduct a conversation in that language, for selected Aboriginal identity categories, Fredericton
Selected Aboriginal identity categories Persons reporting an ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language that is not their mother tongue Persons reporting an Aboriginal mother tongue but who could not conduct a conversation in that language
numberTable 6 Footnote 1 % of population numberTable 6 Footnote 1 % of population
Table note(s):
Footnote 1

The estimates for the three Aboriginal groups do not add to the total Aboriginal identity population because only selected Aboriginal identity categories are shown.

Return to footnote 6-1 referrer

Total Aboriginal identity population 145 43.3 10 4.9
   First Nations single identity 145 43.9 10 5.0
   Métis single identity 0 ... 0 ...
   Inuit single identity 0 ... 0 ...
Non-Aboriginal identity population 0 ... 0 ...

Note(s):

Footnote 1

Aboriginal identity: The term 'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian, (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal Peoples Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Respondents self-identified as 'First Nations (North American Indian)' on the NHS questionnaire; however, the term 'First Nations people' is used throughout this document.

Aboriginal Peoples Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Family: The term 'family' in this document refers to the census definition of 'census family,' but for simplicity, the term 'family' is used throughout this report. A census family is composed of a married or common-law couple, with or without children, or of a lone parent living with at least one child in the same dwelling. Couples can be of the opposite sex or of the same sex.

Aboriginal Peoples Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Lone parents: Mothers or fathers, with no married spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more children.

Aboriginal Peoples Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Stepchild: A stepchild is a child in a couple family who is the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner in the couple, and whose birth or adoption preceded the current relationship.

Aboriginal Peoples Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Skip-generation family: A census family that consists of grandparents and grandchildren without the presence of parents in the home.

Aboriginal Peoples Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Foster children: The population in private households who have been reported as foster children on the NHS questionnaire. Foster children are considered as 'other relatives' outside of a census family.

Aboriginal Peoples Return to footnote 7 referrer

Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity

Immigrant population

According to the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), 6,305 (6.8%) of the population of the Fredericton census agglomeration (CA) were foreign-born (immigrants), 85,935 (92.3%) were Canadian-born (non-immigrants) and 845 (0.9%) were non-permanent residents.Ethnocultural Footnote 1 In comparison, the proportion of the population of New Brunswick who were immigrants was 3.9%, 95.7% were non-immigrants, and 0.4% were non-permanent residents.

Figure 1 Percentage of Canadian born (non-immigrants), foreign born (immigrants) and non permanent residents in Fredericton (CA)

Figure description

This vertical bar graph shows the percentage of Canadian born (non-immigrants), foreign born (immigrants) and non-permanent residents. The y-axis is the percentage of population and the x-axis, from left to right, shows Canadian born (non-immigrants), foreign born (immigrants) and non-permanent residents.

Of the immigrants living in Fredericton in 2011, 1,715 came to Canada between 2006 and 2011. These recent immigrants made up 27.2% of the immigrants in Fredericton.

The most common countries of birth of immigrants living in Fredericton were: United Kingdom (accounting for 19.6% of the immigrant population in Fredericton) and United States (14.8%). In comparison, the top countries of birth of immigrants living in New Brunswick were: United States (accounting for 28.9% of the immigrant population in New Brunswick), and United Kingdom (18.5%).

In 2011, among Fredericton's immigrant population, 76.3% spoke English and/or French most often at home. Meanwhile, the three most frequently reported non-official languages spoken most often at home by immigrants in Fredericton were Korean, Chinese, n.o.s. and Spanish. This compared to the top three non-official languages for immigrants in New Brunswick, which were Korean, Spanish and Chinese, n.o.s..Ethnocultural Footnote 2

Table – Immigrants by non-official languages spoken most often at home, Fredericton (CA)

Table summary

This table presents the most common non-official language spoken most often at home for immigrants. The column headings are: immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home with the selected geography showing both numbers and percentages. The rows are: the most common non-official language spoken most often at home.

Table – Immigrants by non-official languages spoken most often at home, Fredericton (CA)
Immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at homeEthnocultural Footnote 2 Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick
Count % Rank Count % Rank
Korean 415 6.6 1 1,470 5.2 1
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 3.5 2 560 2.0 3
Spanish 195 3.1 3 650 2.3 2

Visible minority population and ethnic origins

The 2011 NHS estimated that 4,495 individuals in the Fredericton belonged to a visible minority group, accounting for 4.8% of its total population.Ethnocultural Footnote 1 In comparison, visible minorities comprised 2.3% of New Brunswick's population.

The largest visible minority groups living in Fredericton were South Asian and Chinese. In New Brunswick, the largest visible minority groups were Black and Chinese.

The three most frequently reported ethnic origins in Fredericton, for people reporting either one or multiple ethnic origins, were Canadian, English and Scottish. This compared to the top three in New Brunswick, which were Canadian, French and English.

Table – Most frequently reported ethnic origins, Fredericton (CA)

Table summary

This table shows the most common ethnic origins. The column headings are: ethnic origin along with the selected geography showing both numbers and percentages. The rows are: the most common ethnic origins.

Table – Most frequently reported ethnic origins, Fredericton (CA)
Most frequently reported ethnic origins Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick
Count % Rank Count % Rank
   Canadian 35,130 37.7 1 370,240 50.3 1
   English 33,460 35.9 2 190,610 25.9 3
   Scottish 27,485 29.5 3 146,230 19.9 5

Religion

According to the 2011 NHS, 76.0% of the population in the Fredericton reported a religious affiliation, while 24.0% said they had no religious affiliation.Ethnocultural Footnote 1 For New Brunswick as a whole, 84.9% of the population reported a religious affiliation, while 15.1% had no religious affiliation.

The most frequently reported religious affiliation in Fredericton was Roman Catholic, reported by 24,210 (26.0%) of the population. Other frequently reported religions included: Baptist (12.7%) and United Church (11.1%). In comparison, the top three most frequently reported religions in New Brunswick were: Roman Catholic (reported by 49.7% of the population of New Brunswick), Baptist (9.6%) and United Church (7.4%).

Table – Most frequently reported religions, Fredericton (CA)

Table summary

This table shows the most common religions. The column headings are: religion along with the selected geography showing both numbers and percentages. The rows are: the most common religions.

Table – Most frequently reported religions, Fredericton (CA)
Most frequently reported religions Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick
Count % Rank Count % Rank
Total population in private households 93,085 100.0 ... 735,830 100.0 ...
   Total reporting a religious affiliation 70,735 76.0 ... 624,400 84.9 ...
      Roman Catholic 24,210 26.0 1 365,995 49.7 1
      Baptist 11,795 12.7 2 70,985 9.6 2
      United Church 10,320 11.1 3 54,265 7.4 3
   Total not reporting a religious affiliation 22,350 24.0 ... 111,440 15.1 ...

Note(s):

Footnote 1

For details on the concepts, definitions, universes, variables and geographic terms used in the 2011 National Household Survey, please consult the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For detailed explanations on concepts and for information on data quality, please refer to the reference guides found on the NHS website.

Ethnocultural Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

These counts include both single non-official language responses and multiple language responses. A multiple language response is a combination of non-official language response with a response of English and/or French.

Ethnocultural Return to footnote 2 referrer

Education

Educational attainment Education Footnote 1

In 2011, 64.3% of the 64,525 adults aged 25 years and over in Fredericton had completed some form of postsecondary education, compared with 59.6% at the national level.

Of the population aged 25 years and over in Fredericton, 34.8% had a university certificate or degree. An additional 20.4% had a college diploma and 9.1% had a trades certificate.

The share of the adult population that had completed a high school diploma as their highest level of educational attainment was 23.4%, and 12.4% had completed neither high school nor any postsecondary certificates, diplomas or degrees.

Table 1 – Population aged 25 and over by highest level of educational attainmentEducation Footnote 1, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table presents the population aged 25 years and over by highest level of educational attainment. The column headings are: highest level of educational attainment; Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: total population aged 25 years and over; no certificate, diploma or degree; high school diploma; a subtotal for postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree: trades certificate which is a subtotal of the rows for trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship) and registered apprenticeship certificate; college diploma; university certificate below bachelor; university degree which is a subtotal of the rows for bachelor's degree; university certificate above bachelor; degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry; master's degree; earned doctorate.

Table 1 – Population aged 25 and over by highest level of educational attainment
Highest level of educational attainment Fredericton New Brunswick Canada
Number % Number % Number %
Total – Population aged 25 years and over 64,525 100.0 533,225 100.0 22,935,460 100.0
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,970 12.4 120,590 22.6 3,956,620 17.3
High school diplomaEducation Footnote 2 15,095 23.4 133,360 25.0 5,300,080 23.1
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,460 64.3 279,275 52.4 13,678,765 59.6
Trades certificateEducation Footnote 3 5,865 9.1 66,140 12.4 2,744,380 12.0
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship) 3,175 4.9 36,870 6.9 1,596,595 7.0
Registered Apprenticeship certificateEducation Footnote 4 2,690 4.2 29,275 5.5 1,147,790 5.0
College diplomaEducation Footnote 5 13,150 20.4 107,410 20.1 4,487,520 19.6
University certificate below bachelorEducation Footnote 6 2,355 3.6 16,590 3.1 1,100,325 4.8
University degreeEducation Footnote 7 20,095 31.1 89,130 16.7 5,346,530 23.3
Bachelor's degree 12,720 19.7 60,635 11.4 3,347,425 14.6
University certificate above bachelorEducation Footnote 8 1,365 2.1 8,050 1.5 571,525 2.5
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 425 0.7 2,595 0.5 151,715 0.7
Master's degree 4,235 6.6 14,580 2.7 1,068,190 4.7
Earned doctorate 1,350 2.1 3,275 0.6 207,680 0.9

Overall, successive generations of Canadians have been completing high school and attaining postsecondary qualifications in increasing proportions. In 2011, 41.7% of Canadians aged 65 years and over had a postsecondary credential; this compares with 69.5% among adults between the ages of 25 and 44. As well, 35.7% of those aged 65 years and over had not completed any certificate, diploma or degree compared with 9.5% of individuals aged 25 to 44.

In Fredericton, 52.0% of those aged 65 years and over had a postsecondary credential, compared to 71.3% of adults between 25 and 44 years of age; 26.2% of individuals aged 65 years and over had no certificate, diploma or degree, compared to 6.4% of 25 to 44 year-olds.

Fredericton (CA) – Proportion of the population aged 25 years and over by level of educational attainment and age groups

Figure description

This vertical bar graph shows the proportion of the population aged 25 and over by level of educational attainment and age groups. The age groups are: 25 to 44, 45 to 64 and 65 and over. The y-axis is the percentage of the population and the x-axis is level of educational attainment including: no certificate, diploma or degree; high school diploma; trades certificate; college diploma; university#lang EQ "E" ? "Education Footnote" : "Scolarité Note de bas de page"# 10. University refers to all university certificates, diplomas and degrees including university certificates below the bachelor level, bachelor's degrees and university certificates and degrees above the bachelor level.

Major field of study

Table 2 – Most common fields of studyEducation Footnote 9 for the population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table presents the five most common fields of study for the population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications. The column headings are: field of study; Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada, which are divided in number, percentage and rank. The rows are: the five most common fields of study.

Fredericton (CA) – Proportion of the population aged 25 years and over by level of educational attainment and age groups Table 2 Canada, #currentGeo# – Most common fields of study for the population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications by level of educational attainment
Field of study Fredericton New Brunswick Canada
Number % Rank Number % Rank Number % Rank
Business, management, marketing and related support services 8,370 20.2 1 59,525 21.3 1 2,787,405 20.4 1
Health professions and related programs 4,845 11.7 2 40,945 14.7 2 1,773,600 13.0 2
Education 4,565 11.0 3 27,005 9.7 3 1,073,770 7.8 3
Engineering 2,295 5.5 4 7,180 2.6 10 686,165 5.0 5
Computer and information sciences and support services 2,135 5.1 5 9,385 3.4 8 453,340 3.3 9

Location of studyEducation Footnote 11

In 2011, there were 41,460 residents of Fredericton aged 25 years and over with postsecondary credentials. Of these graduates, 71.2% had studied in New Brunswick, 20.9% had studied in another province or territory and 7.9% had studied outside Canada. Nationally, 72.5% of graduates had studied in the same province/territory in which they lived in 2011, 10.4% had studied in another province or territory and 17.1% had studied outside Canada.

In all provinces, individuals with trades or college certificates were more likely than those with university credentials to have earned their highest certificate, diploma or degree in the province in which they lived in 2011.

Table 3 – Population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications by location of study and by level of educational attainment, Fredericton (CA)

Table summary

This table presents location of study compared with the province or territory of residence in 2011 for the population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications by level of educational attainment. The column headings are: educational attainment; location of study divided into studied in New Brunswick, studied in another province / territory, studied outside Canada further divided in number and percentage. The rows are: total population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications; trades certificate; college diploma; university.

Table 3 – Population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications by location of study and by level of educational attainment, Fredericton (CA)
Educational attainment Location of study
Studied in New Brunswick Studied in another province/territory Studied outside Canada
number % number % number %
Total population aged 25 years and over with postsecondary qualifications 29,530 71.2 8,660 20.9 3,270 7.9
Trades certificate 4,650 79.3 990 16.9 215 3.7
College diploma 10,175 77.4 2,465 18.7 505 3.8
University 14,705 65.5 5,200 23.2 2,550 11.4

Note(s):

Footnote 1

The terms 'Educational attainment,' 'level of educational attainment' and 'highest level of educational attainment' used in this document refer to the Highest certificate, diploma or degree completed by a person. The portion of the population that completed each type of education noted is the portion that completed it as their highest certificate, diploma or degree.

Education return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

'High school diploma' refers to 'secondary (high) school diploma or equivalent.'

Education return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

'Trades certificate' refers to 'apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma,' and is an aggregation which includes both 'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' as well as 'trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship).'

Education return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes those with a certificate of qualification/journeyperson's designation.

Education return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

'College diploma' refers to 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma.'

Education return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

'University certificate below bachelor' refers to 'university certificate or diploma below bachelor level.' Comparisons with other data sources suggest that this category was over-reported in the NHS. It is recommended that users interpret the results for this category with caution. For further information, please refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey.

Education return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

'University degree' refers to 'university certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above.'

Education return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

'University certificate above bachelor' refers to 'university certificate or diploma above bachelor level'.

Education return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

'Field of study' in this table is classified based on the 2-digit series from the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. It is the major field of study for the highest postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree completed by the person.

Education return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

'University' in this table refers to 'university certificate, diploma or degree,' and includes all university certificates, diplomas and degrees including university certificates below the bachelor level, bachelor's degrees and university certificates and degrees above the bachelor level.

Education return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree was completed. Here, location of study is compared with province or territory of residence to indicate whether the location of study is the same province or territory as the person's residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada.

Education return to footnote 11 referrer

Labour

Labour

In Fredericton, 49,580 people were employed and 4,000 were unemployed for a total labour force of 53,575 in May 2011. The employment rate was at 63.9% and the unemployment rate was at 7.5%.

Table 1 Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force status, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents the labour force status for the population aged 15 years and over. The column headings are: labour force status; Fredericton and New Brunswick. The rows are: total population aged 15 years and over with sub-totals of: in the labour force (number) and not in the labour force (number). In the labour force (number) there are two components: employed (number) and unemployed (number). Rates are also presented for: participation rate (%); employment rate (%); and unemployment rate (%).

Table 1 Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force status
Labour force status Fredericton New Brunswick
Table note(s):
Footnote 1

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Labour: Return to footnote 1-1 referrer

Total population aged 15 years and overLabour Table 1 Footnote 1 77,580 622,435
In the labour force 53,575 395,420
Employed 49,580 351,935
Unemployed 4,000 43,485
Not in the labour force 24,005 227,015
Participation rate 69.1 63.5
Employment rate 63.9 56.5
Unemployment rate 7.5 11.0

Within Fredericton, 15.1% of the employed labour force was aged 15 to 24 and 14.1% was aged 55 to 64. This compares to 12.9% and 16.3% respectively for New Brunswick.

Table 2 Employed labour force by age groups, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents the employed labour force by selected age groups. The column headings are: age groups and Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: total; age groups; 15 to 24 years; 25 to 34 years; 35 to 54 years; 55 to 64 years; 65 years and over.

Table 2 Employed labour force by age groups
Age groups Fredericton New Brunswick
number % number %
Total 49,580 100.0 351,935 100.0
15 to 24 years 7,475 15.1 45,260 12.9
25 to 34 years 10,645 21.5 65,975 18.7
35 to 54 years 22,920 46.2 173,415 49.3
55 to 64 years 6,980 14.1 57,315 16.3
65 years and over 1,565 3.2 9,970 2.8

Within Fredericton, the top occupations were: Professional occupations in education services; Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences; Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations. For New Brunswick as a whole the top occupations were: Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations; Industrial, electrical and construction trades; Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c..

Table 3 Top occupations for the employed labour force, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents the top occupations. The column headings are: occupation, Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: the top occupations.

Table 3 Top occupations for the employed labour force
Occupation Fredericton New Brunswick
number % Rank number % Rank
Professional occupations in education services 2,935 5.9 1 14,890 4.2 7
Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 2,770 5.6 2 8,705 2.5 16
Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 2,725 5.5 3 18,605 5.3 4

Within Fredericton, the top industries were: Public administration; Retail trade; Health care and social assistance. For New Brunswick as a whole the top industries were: Health care and social assistance; Retail trade; Public administration.

Table 4 Top industries for the employed labour force, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents the top industries. The column headings are: industry, Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: the top industries.

Table 4 Top industries for the employed labour force
Industry Fredericton New Brunswick
number % Rank number % Rank
Public administration 8,790 17.7 1 36,975 10.5 3
Retail trade 5,845 11.8 2 42,925 12.2 2
Health care and social assistance 5,225 10.5 3 47,425 13.5 1

The number of self-employed in Fredericton amounted to 4,055 or 8.2% of all total employed workers.

Table 5 Employed labour force by class of workers, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents class of worker. The column headings are: class of worker; Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: total employed labour force; with subtotals of employee (number and percent) and total – self-employed (number and percent). The total – self-employed there are two components: self-employed (incorporated or unincorporated) and unpaid family worker.

Table 5 Employed labour force by class of workers
Class of worker Fredericton New Brunswick
number % number %
Table note(s):
Footnote 1

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to footnote 5-1 referrer

Total employed labour force 49,580 100.0 351,935 100.0
Employee 45,520 91.8 323,250 91.8
Total – Self-employedTable 5 Footnote 1 4,055 8.2 28,685 8.2
Self-employed (incorporated or unincorporated) 3,970 8.0 28,055 8.0
Unpaid family worker 90 0.2 635 0.2

In 2011, 2.8% of commuters within Fredericton used public transit to get to work. This compares to New Brunswick at 2.2%. 78.8% of the population used a car, truck or van as a driver, while 9.1% used a car, truck or van as a passenger. The average commuting time to work in Fredericton was 18.1 minutes, this compares to New Brunswick at 19.1 minutes.

Within Fredericton, 84.1% of the employed labour force aged 15 years and over worked at their usual place, 5.4% worked at home and 10.1% had no fixed workplace address.

Table 6 Employed labour force by mode of transportation, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents the employed labour force by mode of transportation. The column headings are: mode of transportation; Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: total employed labour force with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address; car, truck or van as driver; car, truck or van as passenger; public transit; walked; bicycle; other.

Table 6 Employed labour force by mode of transportation
Mode of transportation Fredericton New Brunswick
number % number %
Total employed labour force with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address 46,730 100.0 332,005 100.0
Car, truck or van as driver 36,800 78.8 272,600 82.1
Car, truck or van as passenger 4,265 9.1 28,620 8.6
Public transit 1,330 2.8 7,335 2.2
Walked 3,115 6.7 17,615 5.3
Bicycle 640 1.4 1,610 0.5
Other 575 1.2 4,220 1.3

Table 7 Average commuting duration for the employed labour force, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents the average commuting duration. The column headings are: average commuting duration; Fredericton and New Brunswick. The row includes the average commuting duration.

Table 7 Average commuting duration for the employed labour force
Commuting duration Fredericton New Brunswick
Average 18.1 19.1

Table 8 Employed Labour force by time leaving for work, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents time leaving for work. The column headings are: time leaving for work; Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: total; 5 to 5:59 a.m.; 6 to 6:59 a.m.; 7 to 7:59 a.m.; 8 to 8:59 a.m.; 9 to 11:59 a.m.; 12 p.m. to 4:59 a.m.

Table 8 Employed Labour force by time leaving for work
Time leaving for work Fredericton New Brunswick
number % number %
Total 46,730 100.0 332,005 100.0
5 to 5:59 a.m. 1,495 3.2 17,625 5.3
6 to 6:59 a.m. 6,220 13.3 54,670 16.5
7 to 7:59 a.m. 18,080 38.7 120,785 36.4
8 to 8:59 a.m. 11,500 24.6 69,930 21.1
9 to 11:59 a.m. 3,745 8.0 24,100 7.3
12 p.m. to 4:59 a.m. 5,690 12.2 44,890 13.5

Table 9 Employed labour force by place of work status, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents place of work. The column headings are: place of work; Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: total; usual place of work; worked at home; worked outside Canada; no fixed workplace address.

Table 9 Employed labour force by place of work status
Place of work Fredericton New Brunswick
number % number %
Total employed labour force 49,580 100.0 351,935 100.0
Usual place of work 41,720 84.1 289,455 82.2
Worked at home 2,695 5.4 18,620 5.3
Worked outside Canada 155 0.3 1,310 0.4
No fixed workplace address 5,005 10.1 42,545 12.1

In Fredericton, 96.4% (56,155) of the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011 reported English only as the language used most often at work, 1.9% (1,125) reported French only and 1.5% (850) said they used both official languages (English and French) equally. In addition, 0.1% of the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011 reported using an official language and a non-official language equally most often at work and 0.2% a non-official language only.

Furthermore, 1.3% (735) of the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011 reported working in English on a regular basis, 8.2% (4,805) in French on a regular basis and 0.0% (0) in the country's two official languages on a regular basis. In addition, 0.1% (40) of of the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011 reported using an official language and a non-official language on a regular basis at work and 0.5% (300) a non-official language only.

In New Brunswick, 74.0% (317,315) of the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011 reported English only as the language used most often at work, 21.9% (93,970) reported French only and 3.8 (16,395) said they used both official languages (English and French) equally. Furthermore, 0.1% of the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011 reported using an official language and a non-official language equally most often at work.

As for the language used at work on a regular basis in New Brunswick, the proportions are as follows: 10.6% (45,620) reported using English; 10.1% (43,255) use French; 0.0% (0) use both official languages; 0.0% (160) reported using an official language and a non-official language; and 0.4% (1,565) a non-official language only.

Table 10 Languages used at work, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents the languages used most often and regularly at work. The column headings are: languages used at work; language used most often at work and language used regularly at work for Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are: Total population 15 years and over who worked since 2010; English only; French only; other language only; English and French; English and other language; French and other language; English, French and other language.

Table 10 Languages used at work
Languages used at work Language used most often Language used regularlyTable 1 Footnote 1
Fredericton New Brunswick Fredericton New Brunswick
number % number % number % number %
Table note(s):
Footnote 1

Other than the language spoken most often.

Return to footnote 1-1 referrer

Total population aged 15 years and over who worked since 2010 58,260 100.0 428,790 100.0 5,880 10.1 90,605 21.1
English only 56,155 96.4 317,315 74.0 735 1.3 45,620 10.6
French only 1,125 1.9 93,970 21.9 4,805 8.2 43,255 10.1
Other language only 95 0.2 730 0.2 300 0.5 1,565 0.4
English and French 850 1.5 16,395 3.8 0 0.0 0 0.0
English and other language 40 0.1 300 0.1 0 0.0 45 0.0
French and other language 0 0.0 15 0.0 40 0.1 120 0.0
English, French and other language. 0 0.0 75 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
None ... ... ... ... 52,380 89.9 338,190 78.9

In Fredericton, the non-official languages most used, most often or regularly, with or without an official language, are Spanish, Korean, Malecite and Chinese languages, which account respectively for 0.1% (95), 0.1% (90), 0.0% (30) and 0.0% (30) of the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011.

In New Brunswick, the non-official languages most used, most often or regularly, with or without an official language, are Mi'kmaq, Spanish and Korean, which account respectively for 0.1% (785), 0.0% (350) and 0.0% (285) of the population aged 15 years and older who worked in 2010 or 2011.

Table 11 Non-official languages used at work, Fredericton (CA), New Brunswick

Table summary

This table presents non-official languages used at work. The column headings are: languages used at work; language used at least regularly at work, language used most often at work and language used regularly at work for Fredericton and New Brunswick, which are divided in number and percentage. The rows are the top non-official languages used at least regularly at work.

Table 11 Non-official languages used at work
Languages used at work Language used at least regularlyTable 2 Footnote 2 Language used most oftenTable 2 Footnote 2 Language used regularlyTable 2 Footnote 1,Table 2 Footnote 3
Fredericton New Brunswick Fredericton New Brunswick Fredericton New Brunswick
number % rank number % rank number % rank number % rank number % rank number % rank
Table note(s):
Footnote 1

Other than the language spoken most often.

Return to footnote 2-1 referrer

Footnote 2

Percentages calculated over the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011.

Return to footnote 2-2 referrer

Footnote 3

Percentages calculated over the population aged 15 years and over who worked in 2010 or 2011 and who declared one or more languages used regularly at work.

Return to footnote 2-3 referrer

Spanish 95 0.1 1 350 0.0 2 25 0.0 2 110 0.0 3 70 1.2 1 235 0.3 2
Korean 90 0.1 2 285 0.0 3 35 0.1 1 95 0.0 4 60 1.0 2 185 0.2 3
Malecite 30 0.0 3 130 0.0 6 0 0.0 ... 25 0.0 11 30 0.5 4 105 0.1 6
Chinese languages 30 0.0 3 240 0.0 4 0 0.0 ... 130 0.0 2 35 0.6 3 115 0.1 5
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 0.0 5 130 0.0 6 0 0.0 ... 45 0.0 7 25 0.4 5 90 0.1 7
Income

Income composition

The total income for the population in private households can be broken down into two basic components: market incomeIncome Footnote 1 and government transfers.Income Footnote 2 In Fredericton, 88.8% of total income was from market income in 2010 and 11.2% was from government transfers. (Aggregate total income for Fredericton was 2.9 billion dollars in 2010.)

Figure 1 Income composition for the population in private households in 2010

Figure description

This stacked horizontal bar figure shows income composition for the population in private households. The y-axis is Canada, New Brunswick and Fredericton. The x-axis is percentage of income composition (market income and government transfer payments).

Market income's main component was employment income. In Fredericton, it accounted for $83.90 of every $100 of market income, below the figure for New Brunswick of $85.30. For the two components of employment income, wages and salaries represented $80.10 and net income from self-employment, $3.80.

The other components of market income were smaller than employment income: in Fredericton, investment income represented $3.30 per $100 of market income, retirement income, $10.50 and $2.30 came from other private sources of money.

The main government transfer received in Fredericton was Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan with $33.90 of every $100 of total government transfers received, followed by: Old Age Security (OAS) pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement ($25.60), Employment Insurance benefits ($17.10), Child benefits ($11.90), and Other income from government sources ($11.40).

Table 1 – Income composition for the population in private households in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table shows income composition for the population in private households in 2010. The column headings are: income composition, Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada. The rows are: aggregate total income in millions of dollars which has main components of market income and government transfer payments. Market income is further divided into: employment income in percentage (including wages and salaries in percentage and self-employment income in percentage); investment income in percentage; retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities in percentage; other money income. Government transfer payments is further divided into: Canada / Quebec pension plan benefits in percentage; Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement in percentage; employment insurance benefits in percentage; child benefits in percentage and other income from government sources in percentage. Also included are income taxes paid (as a percent of total income) and after-tax income (as a percent of total income).

Table 1 – Income composition for the population in private households in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Income composition Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
Aggregate total income (million $) 2,872.4 20,325.7 1,053,582.1
Composition of total income in 2010 (%) 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 88.8 83.5 87.6
Employment income (%) 74.5 71.2 74.7
Wages and salaries (%) 71.1 68.3 70.3
Self-employment income (%) 3.4 2.9 4.4
Investment income (%) 3.0 2.5 4.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%) 9.3 8.1 6.7
Other money income (%) 2.1 1.7 1.7
Government transfer payments (%) 11.2 16.5 12.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%) 3.8 4.7 3.5
Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%) 2.9 4.4 3.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%) 1.9 4.0 1.8
Child benefits (%) 1.3 1.5 1.5
Other income from government sources (%) 1.3 1.9 2.6
Income taxes paid – as a % of total income 15.9 14.5 16.4
After-tax income – as a % of total income 84.1 85.5 83.6

High total income

Among the Canadian population in private households aged 15 years and over, ten percent had total incomes of more than $80,400 in 2010. To be in the top five percent, Canadians needed to have a total income of slightly above $102,300 and to be in the top one percent required just over $191,100, nearly seven times the national median income of $27,800.Income Footnote 3

In Fredericton, 4.1% percent of the population aged 15 years and over had total income that put them in the top five percent and 0.7% in the top one percent. This compared with 5.0% and 1.0% in Canada.

Table 2 – Population aged 15 years and over by total income, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

The following table presents the population aged 15 years and over by total income. The column headings are: total income, Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada. The rows are: population aged 15 years and over by total income (count); without income or less than $27,815 in percentage; without income or less than $12,025 in percentage; $12,025 to $27,814 in percentage; $27,815 and over in percentage; $27,815 to $51,304 in percentage; $51,305 and over in percentage; $80,420 and over (top 10 percent) in percentage; $102,305 and over top 5 percent) in percentage and $191,150 and over (top 1 percent) in percentage.

Table 2 – Population aged 15 years and over by total income, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Total income Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
Population 15 years and over by total income (count) 77,585 622,440 27,259,525
Without income or less than $27,815 (%) 48.8 54.0 50.0
Without income or less than $12,025 (%) 24.0 24.5 25.0
$12,025 to $27,814 (%) 24.8 29.5 25.0
$27,815 and over (%) 51.2 46.0 50.0
$27,815 to $51,304 (%) 26.3 27.1 25.0
$51,305 and over (%) 24.9 18.9 25.0
$80,420 and over (top 10 percent) (%) 8.5 5.8 10.0
$102,305 and over (top 5 percent) (%) 4.1 2.7 5.0
$191,150 and over (top 1 percent) (%) 0.7 0.5 1.0

A national map showing the spatial distribution of persons with total income in the top five percent of persons with the highest total income is also available. Canada. Percentage of population in top five percent of total income in 2010 by 2011 census division (CD)

Employment income

Of those persons with employment income in Fredericton, 55.2% worked full year, full timeIncome Footnote 4 in 2010 compared to 50.9% in New Brunswick. The median employment income was $45,704 for these workers ($41,615 for those in New Brunswick).

The top three most common occupations for those working full-year full-time in 2010 in Fredericton were Specialized middle management occupations; Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences; and Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations.

Table 3 – Median earnings of the most common full-year, full-time occupations in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

The following table presents the most common occupations for full-year, full-time workers in 2010. The column headings are: population with earnings who worked full-year, full-time in 2010, Fredericton divided into number and median earnings in dollars and New Brunswick and Canada divided in median earnings in dollars. The rows are the most common occupations.

Table 3 – Median earnings of the most common full-year, full-time occupations in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Population with earnings who worked full-year, full-time in 2010Income Footnote 5 Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
number median earnings ($) median earnings ($) median earnings ($)
Specialized middle management occupations 2,290 69,329 67,367 80,146
Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 2,215 65,494 66,211 74,931
Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 2,095 40,997 40,169 45,758

Family income

The median after-tax income of economic families in Fredericton in 2010 was $65,597, the median for couple families was $71,446 and for lone-parent families, $36,559. For persons not in economic families (persons living alone or with non relatives only), the median after-tax income was $24,661.

These compare to the medians in New Brunswick of $57,867 for after-tax family income of all economic families, $62,546 for couple families, $35,308 for lone-parent families and $21,935 for persons living alone or without relatives.

Table 4 – Median after-tax income in 2010 for economic families and persons not in economic families, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table shows median after-tax income in 2010 by economic family structure and sex. The column headings are: economic family structure and sex, Fredericton divided into number and median after-tax income in dollars and New Brunswick and Canada divided into median after-tax income in dollars. The rows are: all economic families (couple families, lone-parent families, other economic families); persons not in economic families (males, females).

Table 4 – Median after-tax income in 2010 for economic families and persons not in economic families, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Economic family structure and sex Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
number median after-tax income ($) median after-tax income ($) median after-tax income ($)
All economic families 27,265 65,597 57,867 67,044
Couple families 23,230 71,446 62,546 72,356
Lone-parent families 3,445 36,559 35,308 42,401
Other economic families 595 47,147 48,634 55,484
Persons not in economic families 15,165 24,661 21,935 25,761
Males 6,770 25,466 24,682 28,197
Females 8,395 23,498 20,418 23,917

Figure 2 Median after-tax income in 2010 for Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada

Figure description

The following vertical bar figure shows the median after-tax income in 2010 by economic family structure and sex. The y-axis is the median after-tax income in dollars. The x-axis is economic family structure and sex including: all economic families; couple families; lone-parent families; other economic families; persons not in economic families; males not in economic families and females not in economic families.

Families came in different sizes and larger families may have benefited from pooling of resources and economies of scale. In Fredericton, based on their after-tax income adjusted for family size, 49.0% of the population was in the top half of the income distribution, above the rate of 42.0% in New Brunswick.

In Fredericton, the percentage of the population in the lowest income decile groupIncome Footnote 6 at 11.1% was similar to that in New Brunswick (10.5%). The percentage of the population in the highest decile group was 7.8%, higher than in New Brunswick (5.1%).

Table 5 – Population in private households by adjusted after-tax family income in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

The following table shows the population in private households by adjusted after-tax income in 2010. The column headings are: percentage of private households in decile groups of adjusted after-tax income in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada. The rows are: population in private households as count, decile groups.

Table 5 – Population in private households by adjusted after-tax family income in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Population in private households by decile groups of adjusted after-tax income in 2010 Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
Population in private households (count) 93,085 735,835 32,852,320
In bottom half of Canadian distribution (%) 51.0 58.0 50.0
In lowest decile (%) 11.1 10.5 10.0
In second decile (%) 9.7 12.9 10.0
In third decile (%) 10.1 11.9 10.0
In fourth decile (%) 10.0 11.6 10.0
In fifth decile (%) 9.9 11.2 10.0
In top half of Canadian distribution (%) 49.0 42.0 50.0
In sixth decile (%) 9.8 10.6 10.0
In seventh decile (%) 9.8 9.7 10.0
In eighth decile (%) 11.2 9.0 10.0
In ninth decile (%) 10.4 7.6 10.0
In highest decile (%) 7.8 5.1 10.0

Low incomeIncome Footnote 7

In the NHS, a relative measure is used to classify persons by income status: the low-income measure based on after-tax income (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income threshold is half the Canadian median of after-tax household income. The income has been adjusted to account for household size. Persons in households with a household income below this thresholdIncome Footnote 8 were considered to be in low income.

Based on the after-tax income low-income measure, the proportion of the population in low income in Fredericton was 14.4%, below the rate of 17.2% observed in New Brunswick. In Fredericton, compared to the population of all ages, for persons under 18, the rate was higher (18.0%) and for the population aged 65 years and over, it was lower at 10.3%.

Table 6 – Income status based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table shows income status based on the after-tax low-income measure in 2010. The column headings are: income status, Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada. The rows are: total - persons in private households for income status statistics (count); proportion in low income (based on LIM-AT) in percentage; under 18 years in percentage; under 6 years in percentage; 18 to 64 in percentage; 65 years and over in percentage.

Table 6 – Income status based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) in 2010, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Income status Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
Total - Persons in private households for low income (count)Income Footnote 9 91,735 727,870 32,386,170
Proportion in low income (based on LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 17.2 14.9
Under 18 years (%) 18.0 21.1 17.3
Under 6 years (%) 16.9 22.7 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 15.4 14.4
65 years and over (%) 10.3 19.9 13.4

A map showing the proportion of the population in low income within Atlantic Region is also available.

Note(s):

Footnote 1

Market income includes income from all non-government sources such as employment, investments, private pensions and spousal or child support payments.

Income return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Government transfers include Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security (OAS) pension and the Guaranteed Income Supplement, Employment Insurance benefits, child benefits and other income from government sources.

Income return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

The population aged 15 years and over without income and those with negative income are included at the bottom of the distribution.

Income return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Full-year, full-time: worked 49 to 52 weeks, mainly full-time.

Income return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Only the most common occupations with at least 250 persons with earnings who worked full-year, full-time are presented here.

Income return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

The income decile group provides a rough ranking of the economic situation of a person based on his or her relative position in the economic families adjusted after-tax income distribution. The population in private households is sorted according to its adjusted after-tax family income and then divided into 10 equal groups each containing 10% of the population.

Income return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

The low-income estimates from the National Household Survey (NHS) are not directly comparable to estimates from other sources such as earlier censuses or the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics but comparisons of different groups or geographies with sufficient sample size within the NHS are of good quality.

Income return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

A household of four with after-tax income below $38,920 would be considered low income and, for a person living alone, the threshold was $19,460.

Income return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

For the purposes of low-income statistics, households in the territories and in First Nations communities were excluded. The use of a statistic based only on money income could be misleading in areas where there are substantial in-kind transfers or non-cash activities. In Fredericton, 1,350 persons in private households were excluded.

Income return to footnote 9 referrer

Housing

Housing

The number of households in Fredericton was 39,035. The homeownership rate in Fredericton was 71.6% - which was lower than the New Brunswick homeownership rate of 75.7%.

Table 1 – Housing tenure for all households, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table shows the number and percentage of households by housing tenure for Fredericton, New Brunswick. The column headings are: housing tenure; Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada showing number and percentage. The rows are: total households; owner and renter.

Table 1 – Housing tenure for all households, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Housing tenure Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
number percentage percentage percentage
Total households 39,035 100.0 100.0 100.0
Owner 27,940 71.6 75.7 69.0
Renter 10,690 27.4 23.8 30.6

Fredericton – AffordabilityHousing Footnote 1

Households in Fredericton that paid 30% or more of household total income toward shelter costs represented 20.1% of non-farm, non-reserve households with total income greater than zero. This proportion was higher than the New Brunswick proportion (18.9%).

A lower proportion of owner households paid 30% or more compared to tenant households in Fredericton (11.8% for owners versus 41.6% for renters).

Households in Fredericton paid an average monthly shelter cost of $887 – which was higher than the New Brunswick amount of $762. The average monthly shelter cost for tenant households was $754, this was lower than the average monthly shelter cost for owner households of $938.

Table 2 – Housing affordability for non-farm, non-reserve households, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table shows the percentage of households spending 30% or more of 2010 total income on shelter costs for the selected geography. The column headings are: housing indicator; housing tenure; Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada. The rows are: percentage of households spending 30% or more of 2010 total income on shelter costs and average monthly shelter cost ($). Both are further divided into total, owner and renter.

Table 2 – Housing affordability for non-farm, non-reserve households, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Housing indicator Housing tenure Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
Percentage of households spending 30% or more of 2010 total
income on shelter costsHousing Table 2 Footnote 1
Total 20.1 18.9 25.2
Owner 11.8 12.8 18.5
Renter 41.6 38.2 40.1
Average monthly shelter cost ($) Total 887 762 1,050
Owner 938 797 1,141
Renter 754 650 848

Table note(s):

Footnote 1

Excludes households with zero or negative income in 2010.

Housing: Return to footnote 2-1 referrer

Fredericton – Need for major repairsHousing Footnote 2

In Fredericton, 8.5% of households reported living in dwellings that required major repairs. This was lower than the New Brunswick proportion of 9.8%. The proportion of households reporting major repair requirements was lower for owners than renters (7.4% for owner-occupied dwellings and 10.8% for renter-occupied dwellings).

Table 3 – Need for major repairs by housing tenure, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table shows percentage of households who reported that their dwelling was in need of major repairs. The column headings are: housing indicator; housing tenure; Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada. The row under housing indicator is: percentage of households reporting that their dwelling was in need of major repairs, which is further divided into total, owner and renter.

Table 3 – Need for major repairs by housing tenure, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Housing indicator Housing tenure Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
Percentage of households reporting that their dwelling
was in need of major repairs
Total 8.5 9.8 7.4
Owner 7.4 9.2 6.4
Renter 10.8 10.7 9.1

Fredericton – Suitability

In Fredericton, 3.6% of households lived in dwellings that were not suitable; that is, the dwelling was crowded because there were not enough bedrooms based on the National Occupancy Standard.Housing Footnote 3 This was higher than the New Brunswick proportion of 3.1%. The proportion of households living in dwellings that were not suitable was lower for owners than renters (2.2% for owner households and 6.9% for renter households).

Table 4 – Housing suitability by housing tenure, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Table summary

This table shows percentage of households living in dwellings that were not suitable. The column headings are: housing indicator; housing tenure; Fredericton, New Brunswick and Canada. The rows are: percentage of households living in dwellings that were not suitable, which is further divided into total, owner and renter.

Table 4 – Housing suitability by housing tenure, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Housing indicator Housing tenure Fredericton (CA) New Brunswick Canada
Percentage of households living
in dwellings that were not suitable
Total 3.6 3.1 6.0
Owner 2.2 2.3 3.8
Renter 6.9 5.2 10.6

Note(s):

Footnote 1

In 1986, the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) and the provinces agreed to use the 30% threshold to measure affordability for the purposes of defining need for social housing. This agreement was reached during the development of the federal/provincial social housing programs.

Housing return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The need for major repairs is based on the judgment of the respondent. Examples of major repairs provided to respondents included defective plumbing or electrical wiring, structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings, etc.

Housing return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Housing return to footnote 3 referrer

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