2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :99-010-X2011028
Release date :May 8, 2013
Topic :Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Confidentiality disclosure control for the National Household Survey (NHS)

Disclosure control rules have been applied to data tables available from the National Household Survey (NHS). The number of actual records used to derive any number in a table must meet a minimum criterion. For a table cell where this criterion is not met, the number is replaced by a zero. Due to this disclosure control, subtotals will not necessarily aggregate to the total. As well, users should note that random rounding has also been applied to the data.

Note: Differences between the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates and census counts

The 2011 Census of Population and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) both provide information on the Canadian population for various levels of geography and for numerous common topics (e.g., demography, marital status, family and language) including characteristics associated to these topics. It is possible that differences exist between the 2011 Census count and the NHS estimate. Two reasons can explain these differences:

- The definition of the population of each data source: the target population for the 2011 Census includes usual residents in collective dwellings and persons living abroad, whereas the target population for the NHS excludes them.

- The variability of the estimates for the NHS: the NHS estimates are derived from a sample survey and are therefore subject to sampling error; they are also subject to potentially higher non-response error than in the census due to the survey's voluntary nature.


Note: The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates - quality indicators

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.


Note: Ethnic origin

The 2011 NHS Ethnic origin question asked: 'What were the ethnic or cultural origins of this person's ancestors?'

A note provided above the question stated that 'This question collects information on the ancestral origins of the population and provides information about the composition of Canada's diverse population.'

Below the question, a second note indicated that 'An ancestor is usually more distant than a grandparent' and examples of ethnic origins were listed as follows: Canadian, English, French, Chinese, East Indian, Italian, German, Scottish, Irish, Cree, Mi'kmaq, Salish, Métis, Inuit, Filipino, Dutch, Ukrainian, Polish, Portuguese, Greek, Korean, Vietnamese, Jamaican, Jewish, Lebanese, Salvadorean, Somali, Colombian, etc.

As well, additional instructions were provided to respondents in the 2011 NHS Guide:

This question refers to the ethnic or cultural origin or origins of a person's ancestors. Other than Aboriginal persons, most people can trace their origins to their ancestors who first came to this continent. Ancestry should not be confused with citizenship or nationality.

For all persons, report the specific ethnic or cultural group or groups to which their ancestors belonged, not the language they spoke. For example, report 'Haitian' rather than 'French,' or 'Austrian' rather than 'German.'

For persons of East Indian or South Asian origins, report a specific origin or origins. Do not report 'Indian.' For example, report 'East Indian from India,' 'East Indian from Guyana,' or indicate the specific group, such as 'Punjabi' or 'Tamil.'

For persons with Aboriginal ancestors, report a specific origin or origins. For example, report 'Cree,' 'Mi'kmaq,' 'Ojibway,' 'Métis,' or 'North American Indian.' Do not report 'Indian.'

Comparability of ethnic origin data across data sources (such as the 2011 NHS and 2006 Census) is affected by differences in survey collection methods; question wording, questionnaire format, examples and instructions; approaches to data processing; and the social and political climate at the time of data collection.

For additional information on the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, 2011 National Household Survey.


Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details ethnic origin , single and multiple ethnic origin responses , generation status , age groups and sex for the population in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Ethnic origin (264) Single and multiple ethnic origin responses (3)
Total - Single and multiple ethnic origin responsesFootnote 3 Single ethnic origin responsesFootnote 4 Multiple ethnic origin responsesFootnote 5
Total - Ethnic originsFootnote 6 32,852,320 19,036,295 13,816,025
North American Aboriginal origins 1,836,035 628,460 1,207,575
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,369,115 517,550 851,565
Inuit 72,615 42,705 29,905
Métis 447,655 68,205 379,445
Other North American origins 11,070,455 6,030,470 5,039,985
Acadian 115,895 27,750 88,145
American 372,575 32,935 339,640
Canadian 10,563,805 5,834,535 4,729,265
New Brunswicker 1,900 600 1,300
Newfoundlander 22,035 5,400 16,635
Nova Scotian 2,845 540 2,305
Ontarian 3,865 1,035 2,830
Québécois 193,885 126,940 66,940
Other North American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 7 4,050 725 3,325
European origins 20,157,965 7,229,120 12,928,845
British Isles origins 11,343,710 2,521,360 8,822,350
Channel Islander 3,325 640 2,680
Cornish 1,765 145 1,620
English 6,509,500 1,312,570 5,196,930
Irish 4,544,870 506,445 4,038,425
Manx 4,725 245 4,485
Scottish 4,714,970 544,440 4,170,530
Welsh 458,705 28,785 429,915
British Isles origins, n.i.e.Footnote 8 576,030 128,090 447,945
French origins 5,077,215 1,170,620 3,906,595
Alsatian 2,700 385 2,310
Breton 14,290 4,770 9,525
French 5,065,690 1,165,465 3,900,225
Western European origins (except French origins) 4,439,950 991,555 3,448,400
Austrian 197,990 22,945 175,040
Belgian 176,615 32,610 144,005
Dutch 1,067,245 297,885 769,355
Flemish 13,840 2,105 11,735
Frisian 5,055 825 4,230
German 3,203,330 608,520 2,594,805
Luxembourger 3,790 420 3,370
Swiss 146,830 25,665 121,165
Western European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 9 2,735 570 2,165
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,164,425 143,860 1,020,565
Danish 203,080 31,370 171,705
Finnish 136,215 27,190 109,025
Icelandic 94,205 9,135 85,070
Norwegian 452,705 44,075 408,630
Swedish 341,845 26,080 315,770
Northern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 10 43,070 6,010 37,060
Eastern European origins 3,142,775 901,865 2,240,900
Bulgarian 30,485 17,975 12,510
Byelorussian 15,565 4,345 11,220
Czech 94,805 22,225 72,575
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 40,035 5,790 34,240
Estonian 23,180 6,745 16,440
Hungarian 316,765 80,540 236,220
Latvian 27,355 7,295 20,060
Lithuanian 49,130 10,445 38,690
Moldovan 8,050 3,670 4,385
Polish 1,010,705 255,135 755,565
Romanian 204,625 82,995 121,635
Russian 550,520 107,300 443,220
Slovak 66,545 19,125 47,415
Ukrainian 1,251,170 276,055 975,110
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 11 11,330 2,235 9,100
Southern European origins 2,798,395 1,357,735 1,440,660
Albanian 28,270 22,670 5,600
Bosnian 22,920 14,740 8,175
Croatian 114,880 51,825 63,055
Cypriot 4,815 1,245 3,570
Greek 252,960 141,755 111,205
Italian 1,488,425 700,845 787,580
Kosovar 2,760 1,925 845
Macedonian 36,985 17,030 19,960
Maltese 38,780 12,325 26,455
Montenegrin 2,970 765 2,205
Portuguese 429,850 250,320 179,530
Serbian 80,320 47,170 33,145
Sicilian 5,980 1,265 4,715
Slovenian 37,170 13,885 23,290
Spanish 368,305 66,575 301,730
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 48,320 13,075 35,245
Southern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 12 965 310 655
Other European origins 371,705 142,130 229,580
Basque 5,570 765 4,800
Jewish 309,650 115,640 194,010
Roma (Gypsy) 5,255 1,025 4,235
Slavic, n.o.s. 4,660 1,135 3,525
Other European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 13 48,760 23,560 25,200
Caribbean origins 627,590 360,380 267,215
Antiguan 3,635 1,395 2,235
Bahamian 2,505 520 1,985
Barbadian 34,340 11,760 22,580
Bermudan 2,760 355 2,410
Carib 3,300 150 3,150
Cuban 21,440 6,895 14,545
Dominican 16,720 7,545 9,170
Grenadian 14,885 7,305 7,585
Haitian 137,995 108,845 29,150
Jamaican 256,915 142,870 114,040
Kittitian/Nevisian 2,225 775 1,445
Martinican 1,415 220 1,195
Montserratan 820 235 590
Puerto Rican 2,340 205 2,135
St. Lucian 6,645 3,255 3,395
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 68,225 25,510 42,720
Vincentian/Grenadinian 14,180 6,755 7,425
West Indian, n.o.s. 56,650 27,655 28,995
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.Footnote 14 21,955 8,120 13,840
Latin, Central and South American origins 544,380 285,070 259,305
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 16,685 1,370 15,320
Argentinian 16,910 4,015 12,895
Belizean 1,130 315 815
Bolivian 3,780 1,695 2,085
Brazilian 25,395 7,720 17,675
Chilean 38,140 17,160 20,975
Colombian 76,580 55,595 20,985
Costa Rican 5,335 2,435 2,900
Ecuadorian 20,120 11,325 8,795
Guatemalan 20,765 11,960 8,805
Guyanese 75,345 34,375 40,970
Hispanic 6,495 3,480 3,020
Honduran 8,720 4,640 4,080
Maya 4,690 1,075 3,615
Mexican 96,055 44,675 51,390
Nicaraguan 11,450 6,375 5,070
Panamanian 3,655 1,085 2,570
Paraguayan 3,430 835 2,590
Peruvian 34,385 17,110 17,275
Salvadorean 63,970 42,155 21,815
Uruguayan 5,500 1,870 3,630
Venezuelan 18,165 6,870 11,290
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 15 19,980 6,950 13,035
African origins 766,735 465,235 301,505
Central and West African origins 142,780 105,785 36,995
Akan 1,065 530 535
Angolan 1,925 995 930
Ashanti 985 510 480
Beninese 2,660 1,220 1,445
Burkinabe 1,380 970 405
Cameroonian 10,555 8,415 2,140
Chadian 1,070 755 315
Congolese 24,965 19,115 5,855
Gabonese 1,105 480 620
Gambian 595 370 230
Ghanaian 29,355 22,685 6,670
Guinean 4,835 3,240 1,590
Ibo 2,795 1,785 1,015
Ivorian 5,200 3,320 1,880
Liberian 1,690 1,125 570
Malian 2,530 1,360 1,170
Nigerian 31,730 22,280 9,445
Peulh 1,375 680 685
Senegalese 6,335 3,960 2,370
Sierra Leonean 1,820 1,010 805
Togolese 3,115 1,855 1,260
Yoruba 5,340 3,375 1,965
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 16 11,395 5,750 5,645
North African origins 252,050 172,520 79,530
Algerian 49,110 35,595 13,515
Berber 25,885 15,950 9,935
Coptic 3,570 755 2,810
Dinka 715 290 420
Egyptian 73,250 43,510 29,740
Libyan 5,515 3,785 1,735
Maure 1,040 415 625
Moroccan 71,910 48,410 23,500
Sudanese 16,595 12,730 3,865
Tunisian 15,125 10,015 5,115
North African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 17 2,875 1,070 1,805
Southern and East African origins 187,140 120,725 66,415
Afrikaner 1,945 285 1,660
Amhara 1,305 725 580
Bantu, n.o.s. 1,825 860 960
Burundian 7,395 6,020 1,370
Eritrean 13,430 10,860 2,570
Ethiopian 30,810 23,340 7,470
Harari 675 420 255
Kenyan 8,055 4,195 3,870
Malagasy 2,925 1,460 1,465
Mauritian 6,695 2,620 4,075
Oromo 1,830 1,125 705
Rwandan 8,100 6,335 1,770
Seychellois 1,035 535 500
Somali 44,995 39,030 5,965
South African 34,000 6,645 27,360
Tanzanian 4,065 1,695 2,370
Tigrian 1,000 500 500
Ugandan 4,540 2,265 2,270
Zambian 1,420 780 645
Zimbabwean 6,425 4,150 2,280
Zulu 840 345 500
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 18 14,515 6,535 7,980
Other African origins 199,905 66,205 133,700
Black, n.o.s.Footnote 19 25,145 4,855 20,295
Other African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 20 177,195 61,350 115,840
Asian origins 5,011,220 4,022,085 989,135
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 778,465 534,185 244,280
Afghan 62,815 53,010 9,805
Arab, n.o.s. 94,640 57,755 36,885
Armenian 55,740 31,075 24,675
Assyrian 10,810 7,150 3,655
Azerbaijani 4,580 1,985 2,595
Georgian 3,155 810 2,340
Iranian 163,290 131,100 32,190
Iraqi 49,680 36,875 12,805
Israeli 15,010 2,695 12,320
Jordanian 9,425 5,400 4,025
Kazakh 2,270 980 1,285
Kurd 11,685 7,040 4,645
Kuwaiti 2,240 1,060 1,185
Lebanese 190,275 114,830 75,440
Palestinian 31,245 18,145 13,100
Pashtun 3,315 1,370 1,940
Saudi Arabian 7,955 5,370 2,585
Syrian 40,840 16,990 23,850
Tajik 2,400 980 1,415
Tatar 2,850 640 2,210
Turk 55,430 27,180 28,250
Uighur 1,155 755 400
Uzbek 2,725 1,155 1,570
Yemeni 3,945 1,630 2,320
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.Footnote 21 16,540 8,210 8,335
South Asian origins 1,615,925 1,306,380 309,545
Bangladeshi 34,205 28,660 5,545
Bengali 17,960 14,130 3,830
East IndianFootnote 22 1,165,145 919,155 245,985
Goan 5,125 1,665 3,460
Gujarati 5,890 2,510 3,385
Kashmiri 2,125 750 1,375
Nepali 9,780 7,595 2,190
Pakistani 155,310 109,715 45,590
Punjabi 76,150 45,575 30,580
Sinhalese 7,220 4,945 2,275
Sri Lankan 139,415 108,605 30,810
Tamil 48,965 26,190 22,775
South Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 23 53,390 36,885 16,505
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,650,000 2,169,270 480,730
Burmese 7,845 4,055 3,790
Cambodian (Khmer) 34,340 21,085 13,255
Chinese 1,487,580 1,210,945 276,635
Filipino 662,600 506,545 156,060
Hmong 830 585 250
Indonesian 18,125 4,010 14,115
Japanese 109,740 54,900 54,840
Korean 168,890 154,355 14,530
Laotian 22,090 12,980 9,105
Malaysian 14,165 2,485 11,680
Mongolian 5,355 1,505 3,845
Singaporean 2,050 435 1,615
Taiwanese 30,330 20,660 9,675
Thai 15,080 6,230 8,850
Tibetan 5,820 5,055 770
Vietnamese 220,425 157,450 62,970
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 24 9,045 5,995 3,050
Other Asian origins 20,115 12,245 7,870
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 25 20,115 12,250 7,870
Oceania origins 74,875 15,475 59,405
Australian 36,350 4,385 31,960
New Zealander 13,890 1,515 12,375
Pacific Islands origins 25,740 9,570 16,175
Fijian 17,815 8,950 8,860
Hawaiian 3,135 80 3,055
Maori 2,015 130 1,890
Polynesian, n.o.s. 860 40 820
Samoan 820 85 735
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.Footnote 26 1,550 285 1,265

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

The category 'Total - Single and multiple ethnic origin responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported a specified ethnic origin, either as their only ethnic origin or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The sum of all total responses for all ethnic origins is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple origins.

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Footnote 4

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 5

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 6

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 7

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 8

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 9

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 10

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 11

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 12

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 13

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 14

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 15

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 16

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 17

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 18

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 19

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication).

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Footnote 20

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 21

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 22

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication).

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Footnote 23

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 24

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 25

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 26

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011028.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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