2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Citizenship (5), Place of Birth (236), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :99-010-X2011026
Release date :May 8, 2013
Topic :Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Confidentiality disclosure control for the National Household Survey (NHS)

Disclosure control rules have been applied to data tables available from the National Household Survey (NHS). The number of actual records used to derive any number in a table must meet a minimum criterion. For a table cell where this criterion is not met, the number is replaced by a zero. Due to this disclosure control, subtotals will not necessarily aggregate to the total. As well, users should note that random rounding has also been applied to the data.

Note: Differences between the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates and census counts

The 2011 Census of Population and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) both provide information on the Canadian population for various levels of geography and for numerous common topics (e.g., demography, marital status, family and language) including characteristics associated to these topics. It is possible that differences exist between the 2011 Census count and the NHS estimate. Two reasons can explain these differences:

- The definition of the population of each data source: the target population for the 2011 Census includes usual residents in collective dwellings and persons living abroad, whereas the target population for the NHS excludes them.

- The variability of the estimates for the NHS: the NHS estimates are derived from a sample survey and are therefore subject to sampling error; they are also subject to potentially higher non-response error than in the census due to the survey's voluntary nature.


Note: The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates - quality indicators

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.


Note: Non-permanent residents and the NHS universe

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) included information about non-permanent residents in Canada. Non-permanent residents are defined as persons from another country who, at the time of the survey, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as non-Canadian-born family members living in Canada with them. The non-permanent resident population is identified from responses to the citizenship and landed immigrant status questions. Persons who are not Canadian citizens by birth and who answered 'No' to the landed immigrant status question are considered non permanent residents.

The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the NHS facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population and provides information for planning of services, such as health care, education and employment programs. As well, the inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the estimate of this population.


Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details citizenship , place of birth , immigrant status and period of immigration , age groups and sex for the population in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Place of birth (236) Citizenship (5)
Total - CitizenshipFootnote 3 Canadian citizens Canadian citizens only Citizens of Canada and at least one other country Not Canadian citizensFootnote 4
Total - Place of birth of respondent 32,852,325 30,895,305 29,962,640 932,665 1,957,015
Born in Canada 25,635,025 25,634,200 25,461,815 172,385 820
Born outside Canada 7,217,295 5,261,105 4,500,825 760,285 1,956,190
Americas 1,165,465 814,250 659,575 154,670 351,215
North America 316,465 190,680 132,930 57,755 125,780
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 290 235 200 40 60
United States 316,165 190,445 132,730 57,715 125,720
Central America 172,020 117,280 96,940 20,340 54,740
Belize 1,980 1,710 1,490 220 270
Costa Rica 4,585 2,375 1,805 570 2,210
El Salvador 44,800 36,930 30,365 6,560 7,870
Guatemala 16,170 13,150 11,395 1,750 3,020
Honduras 6,525 4,265 3,715 550 2,260
Mexico 86,175 48,625 39,355 9,275 37,550
Nicaragua 9,140 8,050 7,175 875 1,090
Panama 2,645 2,175 1,645 530 470
Caribbean and Bermuda 368,465 287,875 256,125 31,750 80,585
Anguilla 70 65 65 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 2,460 2,080 1,920 155 380
Aruba 605 515 460 50 90
Bahamas 1,990 1,325 1,070 260 665
Barbados 15,855 14,140 11,765 2,375 1,715
Bermuda 2,935 2,525 2,140 385 410
Cayman Islands 400 310 300 0 85
Cuba 13,935 7,310 4,840 2,470 6,625
Curaçao 445 350 315 35 90
Dominica 3,095 2,625 2,365 265 470
Dominican Republic 9,035 6,180 5,195 985 2,850
Grenada 10,615 8,420 7,350 1,070 2,195
Guadeloupe 605 320 225 95 285
Haiti 86,075 58,615 54,130 4,480 27,465
Jamaica 129,125 108,480 97,905 10,575 20,645
Martinique 590 365 250 115 230
Montserrat 625 540 495 50 80
Puerto Rico 430 290 200 90 140
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2,105 1,950 1,765 190 150
Saint Lucia 5,455 3,005 2,395 615 2,450
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 12,865 8,335 7,545 790 4,530
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 125 50 40 0 75
Trinidad and Tobago 68,790 59,915 53,250 6,665 8,875
Turks and Caicos Islands 75 40 35 0 35
Virgin Islands, British 95 85 80 0 0
Virgin Islands, United States 60 35 25 0 25
South America 308,390 218,325 173,505 44,820 90,065
Argentina 19,665 15,080 9,945 5,130 4,585
BoliviaFootnote 5 5,220 4,185 3,600 585 1,040
Brazil 27,030 13,060 8,150 4,915 13,965
Chile 26,795 20,580 16,690 3,890 6,215
Colombia 64,935 33,440 20,215 13,225 31,500
Ecuador 14,360 10,875 9,090 1,785 3,485
French Guiana 80 60 40 15 20
Guyana 88,920 79,010 73,045 5,965 9,910
Paraguay 7,690 6,940 6,260 675 745
Peru 27,725 19,475 15,080 4,395 8,245
Suriname 915 710 695 0 200
Uruguay 6,895 5,210 3,750 1,465 1,680
VenezuelaFootnote 6 18,175 9,705 6,950 2,755 8,470
Americas, n.i.e.Footnote 7 125 80 70 0 45
Europe 2,226,100 1,826,250 1,500,565 325,685 399,845
Western Europe 445,820 333,875 290,165 43,715 111,940
Austria 17,685 14,645 13,820 830 3,045
Belgium 21,290 16,230 13,935 2,295 5,065
France 112,575 67,680 43,985 23,695 44,895
Germany 171,870 133,710 127,220 6,485 38,160
Luxembourg 495 335 325 10 155
Monaco 180 135 105 30 40
Netherlands 100,935 84,600 81,135 3,465 16,335
Switzerland 20,790 16,545 9,640 6,905 4,245
Eastern Europe 514,335 421,190 308,600 112,590 93,150
Belarus 10,735 7,540 5,845 1,690 3,195
Bulgaria 17,820 13,240 6,615 6,625 4,570
Czech Republic 21,310 17,730 13,765 3,965 3,580
Estonia 4,170 3,850 3,315 535 320
Hungary 40,935 34,210 29,085 5,120 6,725
Latvia 6,580 5,325 4,695 635 1,255
Lithuania 5,530 4,700 4,345 355 835
MoldovaFootnote 8 12,840 6,115 4,615 1,500 6,725
Poland 154,395 140,200 102,220 37,980 14,190
Romania 83,860 69,360 38,085 31,275 14,500
Russian Federation 75,350 55,215 39,410 15,800 20,130
Slovakia 13,485 11,950 9,235 2,720 1,530
Ukraine 67,335 51,745 47,365 4,380 15,595
Northern Europe 629,720 508,095 417,955 90,140 121,625
Denmark 15,405 12,315 11,820 495 3,085
Faroe Islands 40 15 20 0 20
Finland 10,100 8,335 6,940 1,390 1,765
Guernsey 210 155 150 0 50
Iceland 725 440 280 160 285
Ireland, Republic of 30,890 24,320 20,055 4,275 6,565
Isle of Man 255 200 160 40 60
Jersey 350 275 235 40 75
Norway 4,820 3,430 3,250 175 1,390
Sweden 7,475 5,250 3,835 1,415 2,230
United KingdomFootnote 9 559,455 453,355 371,205 82,150 106,095
Southern Europe 636,175 563,065 483,825 79,240 73,115
Albania 14,055 10,470 6,840 3,630 3,585
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,460 33,770 29,185 4,585 2,690
Croatia 40,475 38,005 32,580 5,420 2,465
Gibraltar 310 260 230 25 50
Greece 67,245 62,970 52,700 10,275 4,270
Italy 260,250 233,880 210,590 23,285 26,370
KosovoFootnote 10 6,665 5,140 4,300 845 1,525
Macedonia, Republic ofFootnote 11 9,730 8,470 6,525 1,945 1,255
Malta 7,515 6,960 5,845 1,120 555
Montenegro 1,590 1,375 1,160 215 215
Portugal 140,310 116,550 98,230 18,315 23,765
Serbia 33,030 29,475 22,820 6,655 3,555
Slovenia 8,470 8,090 6,815 1,275 375
Spain 10,080 7,650 6,005 1,645 2,430
Europe, n.i.e.Footnote 12 40 25 25 0 0
Africa 522,970 344,725 284,830 59,900 178,250
Western Africa 84,280 47,655 39,820 7,830 36,630
Benin 1,885 660 510 155 1,225
Burkina Faso 1,355 405 310 95 945
Cape Verde 190 170 140 35 20
Côte d'Ivoire 6,380 2,350 1,780 570 4,030
Gambia 540 355 280 75 180
Ghana 21,985 18,050 16,525 1,520 3,935
Guinea 4,230 1,985 1,640 350 2,240
Guinea-Bissau 85 60 45 0 30
Liberia 2,210 1,470 1,375 90 745
Mali 1,670 825 605 220 845
Mauritania 550 290 255 35 260
Niger 745 230 140 85 520
Nigeria 31,720 15,595 12,155 3,445 16,125
Senegal 5,690 2,365 1,670 695 3,325
Sierra Leone 2,505 1,805 1,565 240 700
Togo 2,545 1,040 825 220 1,510
Eastern Africa 162,430 119,850 109,175 10,675 42,580
Burundi 6,880 3,385 2,630 755 3,500
Comoros 190 105 85 0 80
Djibouti 1,495 770 700 70 720
Eritrea 8,170 5,255 4,780 480 2,910
Ethiopia 25,430 17,830 16,990 835 7,600
Kenya 25,720 20,665 19,070 1,595 5,060
Madagascar 3,600 2,385 1,945 435 1,220
Malawi 710 595 515 80 125
Mauritius 13,615 9,080 7,025 2,055 4,535
Mozambique 1,175 970 770 200 205
Réunion 345 100 50 50 245
Rwanda 5,415 2,770 2,260 515 2,645
Seychelles 920 740 600 145 180
Somalia 22,800 17,690 16,030 1,655 5,115
TanzaniaFootnote 13 19,905 18,175 17,690 490 1,730
Uganda 12,145 10,480 9,835 640 1,670
Zambia 3,670 2,625 2,430 195 1,045
Zimbabwe 10,240 6,235 5,770 460 4,000
Northern Africa 194,810 122,845 87,410 35,440 71,965
Algeria 52,535 29,835 18,440 11,395 22,695
Egypt 51,520 38,295 29,105 9,185 13,225
LibyaFootnote 14 5,845 2,605 2,070 535 3,245
Morocco 58,830 35,795 25,460 10,335 23,035
Sudan 14,020 10,015 8,510 1,505 4,005
Tunisia 12,065 6,305 3,820 2,485 5,755
Central Africa 35,800 19,385 17,365 2,010 16,415
Angola 2,760 2,035 1,560 480 730
Cameroon 9,090 3,025 2,665 360 6,060
Central African Republic 360 130 90 40 230
Chad 790 485 410 75 300
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 19,890 12,265 11,450 820 7,620
Congo, Republic of the 1,840 955 835 120 885
Equatorial Guinea 70 20 0 0 55
Gabon 1,000 465 355 110 535
Southern Africa 45,625 34,965 31,045 3,925 10,660
Botswana 620 175 170 0 445
Lesotho 105 80 85 0 20
Namibia 1,100 345 305 45 755
South Africa, Republic of 43,465 34,110 30,250 3,855 9,355
Swaziland 335 250 235 0 85
Africa, n.i.e.Footnote 15 25 20 10 0 0
Asia 3,239,015 2,231,975 2,020,100 211,870 1,007,040
West Central Asia and the Middle East 484,985 338,470 264,000 74,470 146,520
Afghanistan 42,120 30,720 26,580 4,140 11,400
Armenia 3,620 2,340 2,070 270 1,280
Azerbaijan 3,045 1,780 1,470 305 1,270
Bahrain 2,195 1,590 1,435 155 600
Cyprus 3,920 3,625 2,905 720 290
Georgia 1,765 1,190 1,090 105 570
IranFootnote 16 125,825 88,875 67,265 21,610 36,950
Iraq 50,980 31,945 26,350 5,590 19,030
Israel 25,145 18,195 12,300 5,895 6,950
Jordan 10,170 6,070 4,635 1,435 4,095
Kazakhstan 9,600 5,380 4,680 700 4,220
Kuwait 13,495 10,015 8,450 1,565 3,480
Kyrgyzstan 1,750 1,050 970 80 700
Lebanon 83,375 68,430 50,605 17,825 14,945
Oman 1,620 1,035 895 135 585
Qatar 1,770 1,090 955 135 680
Saudi Arabia 23,155 9,505 8,090 1,420 13,645
SyriaFootnote 17 22,725 17,350 13,265 4,080 5,375
Tajikistan 1,100 610 500 110 495
Turkey 27,145 18,035 13,020 5,015 9,115
Turkmenistan 430 295 215 80 135
United Arab Emirates 15,345 9,390 8,120 1,260 5,965
Uzbekistan 4,945 2,705 2,080 625 2,235
West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine)Footnote 18 7,755 6,080 5,090 990 1,675
Yemen 2,000 1,165 960 210 830
Eastern Asia 1,038,605 720,085 667,915 52,170 318,525
ChinaFootnote 19 585,555 376,545 364,215 12,330 209,010
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 209,775 196,140 175,765 20,370 13,640
Japan 33,330 12,830 11,280 1,550 20,500
Korea, NorthFootnote 20 645 225 220 0 415
Korea, SouthFootnote 21 132,940 74,445 72,120 2,330 58,495
Macao Special Administrative Region 5,670 5,260 4,725 530 410
Mongolia 1,155 265 240 25 885
Taiwan 69,550 54,375 39,355 15,020 15,170
Southeast Asia 787,600 531,710 506,450 25,265 255,890
Brunei Darussalam 4,055 3,720 3,685 40 335
Burma (Myanmar) 8,255 4,545 4,250 295 3,710
Cambodia 24,275 21,470 20,425 1,050 2,800
Indonesia 14,870 9,545 9,135 410 5,320
LaosFootnote 22 14,540 13,695 13,340 350 845
Malaysia 23,710 17,560 16,960 605 6,150
Philippines 502,295 293,855 278,735 15,115 208,440
Singapore 12,190 8,460 7,870 595 3,730
Thailand 14,985 9,690 8,490 1,200 5,295
Viet NamFootnote 23 168,420 149,160 143,560 5,605 19,260
Southern Asia 927,775 641,665 581,695 59,975 286,105
Bangladesh 47,180 31,680 24,765 6,920 15,495
Bhutan 2,330 55 55 0 2,270
India 572,435 383,395 365,040 18,355 189,040
Nepal 9,050 3,005 2,820 185 6,045
Pakistan 161,380 119,560 89,600 29,955 41,820
Sri Lanka 135,400 103,970 99,405 4,560 31,435
Asia, n.i.e.Footnote 24 50 40 45 0 0
Oceania 63,630 43,790 35,640 8,150 19,835
Australia 25,365 13,515 9,180 4,335 11,850
Fiji 24,925 21,370 20,685 685 3,555
French Polynesia 130 75 50 25 55
New Caledonia 135 60 30 30 70
New Zealand 11,905 7,920 5,025 2,900 3,985
Papua New Guinea 540 425 370 50 115
Samoa 110 65 60 0 45
Tonga 100 55 40 15 40
Oceania, n.i.e.Footnote 25 420 305 190 110 120
Other 120 120 110 0 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 4

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 5

The official name of Bolivia is Plurinational State of Bolivia.

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Footnote 6

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 7

Includes countries such as Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba; Falkland Islands (Malvinas); Greenland; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Martin (French part); and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

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Footnote 8

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 9

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 10

The official name of Kosovo is Republic of Kosovo.

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Footnote 11

Known as Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in the United Nations and other international bodies.

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Footnote 12

Includes countries such as Åland Islands; Andorra; Holy See (Vatican City State); Liechtenstein; San Marino; and Svalbard and Jan Mayen Island.

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Footnote 13

The official name of Tanzania is United Republic of Tanzania.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Libya is Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

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Footnote 15

Includes countries such as Mayotte; Saint Helena; Sao Tome and Principe; and Western Sahara.

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Footnote 16

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 17

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 18

West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine.

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Footnote 19

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 20

The official name of North Korea is Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 21

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Laos is Lao People's Democratic Republic.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 24

Includes countries such as British Indian Ocean Territory; Maldives; and Timor-Leste.

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Footnote 25

Includes countries such as American Samoa; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Cook Islands; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of; Nauru; Niue; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Pitcairn; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Vanuatu; and Wallis and Futuna.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011026.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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