2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Income in 2010 (34), Age Groups (10B), Sex (3) and Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (11) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details income in 2010 , age groups , sex and highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Income in 2010 (34) Highest certificate, diploma or degree (11)
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 3 No certificate, diploma or degree High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 4 Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 5 Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 6 College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 7 University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above Bachelor's degree University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 8
Total - Total income in 2010Footnote 9 27,259,525 5,485,395 6,968,935 14,805,190 9,120,830 2,950,685 4,970,020 1,200,130 5,684,360 3,634,425 2,049,935
Without income 1,341,020 836,870 283,080 221,065 135,680 43,510 69,325 22,845 85,385 52,040 33,345
With income 25,918,510 4,648,530 6,685,860 14,584,125 8,985,150 2,907,175 4,900,700 1,177,285 5,598,975 3,582,385 2,016,585
Under $5,000Footnote 10 2,574,075 696,765 843,350 1,033,965 634,940 186,240 345,630 103,075 399,025 259,050 139,975
$5,000 to $9,999 1,917,960 483,900 671,780 762,275 501,080 146,955 285,485 68,640 261,195 180,755 80,445
$10,000 to $14,999 2,393,835 657,460 759,830 976,550 676,830 219,625 369,405 87,800 299,725 205,835 93,890
$15,000 to $19,999 2,441,880 749,915 690,455 1,001,510 718,805 259,860 370,880 88,070 282,705 191,980 90,725
$20,000 to $29,999 3,670,015 833,155 1,037,230 1,799,640 1,309,895 482,710 681,670 145,515 489,740 335,965 153,775
$30,000 to $39,999 3,180,365 498,900 852,060 1,829,405 1,325,240 462,685 713,535 149,020 504,170 349,450 154,715
$40,000 to $49,999 2,603,520 296,095 634,120 1,673,310 1,118,155 352,815 629,880 135,460 555,155 381,095 174,065
$50,000 to $59,999 1,921,650 170,680 424,815 1,326,160 802,120 246,430 450,270 105,430 524,040 349,320 174,725
$60,000 to $79,999 2,437,440 153,110 424,320 1,860,015 967,610 290,295 538,175 139,145 892,405 567,015 325,390
$80,000 to $99,999 1,302,045 55,460 174,195 1,072,395 478,915 132,120 270,615 76,175 593,490 347,470 246,015
$100,000 and over 1,475,720 53,105 173,720 1,248,900 451,565 127,460 245,165 78,945 797,335 414,465 382,870
$100,000 to $124,999 693,580 27,075 87,985 578,520 241,685 70,295 132,050 39,340 336,835 185,980 150,855
$125,000 and over 782,135 26,020 85,735 670,380 209,880 57,155 113,115 39,610 460,500 228,485 232,015
Median income $Footnote 11 29,878 18,075 23,192 39,358 34,886 33,285 35,559 36,419 50,066 46,898 56,769
Average income $Footnote 12 40,650 23,739 31,082 50,426 41,878 40,003 42,152 45,367 64,144 58,807 73,624
Total - After-tax income in 2010Footnote 13 27,259,520 5,485,395 6,968,935 14,805,195 9,120,835 2,950,685 4,970,020 1,200,130 5,684,355 3,634,425 2,049,935
Without after-tax income 1,344,640 837,360 284,430 222,855 137,160 44,035 70,105 23,015 85,695 52,250 33,450
With after-tax income 25,914,885 4,648,040 6,684,505 14,582,335 8,983,675 2,906,650 4,899,915 1,177,110 5,598,660 3,582,175 2,016,485
Under $5,000Footnote 14 2,628,610 704,975 859,360 1,064,275 653,930 190,965 356,610 106,355 410,345 266,450 143,895
$5,000 to $9,999 1,960,360 492,110 686,540 781,710 515,995 151,415 293,115 71,465 265,715 184,085 81,630
$10,000 to $14,999 2,453,170 669,285 778,700 1,005,190 697,295 226,855 380,580 89,855 307,895 211,255 96,640
$15,000 to $19,999 2,654,470 786,955 761,150 1,106,370 796,450 288,755 411,660 96,035 309,915 210,985 98,935
$20,000 to $29,999 4,341,540 928,260 1,212,445 2,200,840 1,609,100 592,780 839,680 176,635 591,740 408,345 183,395
$30,000 to $39,999 3,790,600 527,235 969,285 2,294,080 1,608,005 539,275 881,735 186,995 686,075 475,955 210,125
$40,000 to $49,999 2,816,625 268,420 634,855 1,913,355 1,191,960 370,060 670,385 151,515 721,395 485,540 235,850
$50,000 to $59,999 1,849,630 127,525 335,355 1,386,750 741,060 222,370 412,895 105,795 645,690 416,350 229,335
$60,000 to $79,999 2,028,080 93,190 284,385 1,650,500 752,500 207,985 425,775 118,740 897,995 531,225 366,770
$80,000 to $99,999 709,190 27,025 88,355 593,810 238,860 68,725 130,780 39,355 354,950 191,540 163,410
$100,000 and over 682,605 23,065 74,075 585,460 178,515 47,465 96,690 34,370 406,940 200,440 206,500
Median after-tax income $Footnote 15 27,334 17,772 21,834 34,892 31,293 30,045 31,863 32,576 43,051 40,648 48,175
Average after-tax income $Footnote 16 33,998 21,371 26,839 41,304 35,316 33,959 35,559 37,656 50,913 47,215 57,482

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 4

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 5

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 6

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 7

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 8

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 9

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative).

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Footnote 10

Including loss.

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Footnote 11

For population with income.

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Footnote 12

For population with income.

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Footnote 13

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 14

Including loss.

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Footnote 15

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 16

For population with after-tax income.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011040.

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