2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Sociocultural, Income and Labour Characteristics (334) and Low-income Geographic Concentration in 2010 (6) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Census Metropolitan Areas and Tracted Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details selected demographic, sociocultural, income and labour characteristics and low-income geographic concentration in 2010 for the population in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Selected demographic, sociocultural, income and labour characteristics (334) Low-income geographic concentration in 2010 (6)
Total - Low-income geographic concentration in 2010Footnote 3 Applicable census tractsFootnote 4 Prevalence of low income less than 30% in census tract Prevalence of low income 30% or more in census tract Prevalence of low income 40% or more in census tract Outside applicable census tractsFootnote 5
Number of census tractsFootnote 6 5,452 5,256 4,778 478 137 196
Total - Sex and age groupsFootnote 7 32,852,320 23,725,440 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Less than 15 years 5,592,800 4,032,015 3,757,855 274,160 84,470 1,560,785
15 to 24 years 4,324,065 3,208,285 2,943,735 264,555 78,630 1,115,785
25 to 54 years 14,044,945 10,458,875 9,641,175 817,700 219,930 3,586,065
25 to 34 years 4,293,950 3,307,390 2,980,475 326,915 87,580 986,560
35 to 44 years 4,461,430 3,366,585 3,119,165 247,420 67,420 1,094,845
45 to 54 years 5,289,560 3,784,900 3,541,535 243,365 64,930 1,504,660
55 to 64 years 4,338,980 2,956,270 2,766,005 190,260 48,925 1,382,715
65 years and over 4,551,535 3,069,990 2,848,985 221,005 55,060 1,481,545
65 to 74 years 2,624,535 1,746,120 1,628,495 117,625 30,055 878,410
75 years and over 1,927,000 1,323,870 1,220,490 103,380 25,000 603,130
Male 16,163,115 11,608,560 10,739,620 868,940 242,345 4,554,555
Less than 15 years 2,867,760 2,065,850 1,924,935 140,910 43,980 801,910
15 to 24 years 2,227,065 1,643,080 1,510,510 132,565 40,085 583,985
25 to 54 years 6,869,435 5,099,320 4,688,015 411,310 110,655 1,770,110
25 to 34 years 2,108,255 1,618,950 1,457,625 161,320 42,580 489,305
35 to 44 years 2,170,585 1,634,600 1,508,515 126,085 34,735 535,985
45 to 54 years 2,590,595 1,845,775 1,721,870 123,900 33,340 744,820
55 to 64 years 2,114,950 1,424,820 1,332,470 92,350 24,470 690,140
65 years and over 2,083,900 1,375,490 1,283,690 91,805 23,150 708,410
65 to 74 years 1,259,465 821,820 768,725 53,100 13,845 437,645
75 years and over 824,435 553,670 514,965 38,705 9,305 270,765
Female 16,689,210 12,116,875 11,218,130 898,745 244,670 4,572,330
Less than 15 years 2,725,040 1,966,165 1,832,915 133,250 40,485 758,870
15 to 24 years 2,097,000 1,565,210 1,433,220 131,985 38,550 531,795
25 to 54 years 7,175,505 5,359,550 4,953,160 406,390 109,275 1,815,955
25 to 34 years 2,185,695 1,688,440 1,522,845 165,595 45,005 497,255
35 to 44 years 2,290,850 1,731,990 1,610,655 121,335 32,680 558,860
45 to 54 years 2,698,965 1,939,125 1,819,665 119,460 31,585 759,845
55 to 64 years 2,224,030 1,531,450 1,433,535 97,915 24,455 692,575
65 years and over 2,467,635 1,694,500 1,565,300 129,205 31,905 773,135
65 to 74 years 1,365,070 924,305 859,775 64,530 16,215 440,770
75 years and over 1,102,565 770,195 705,525 64,675 15,695 332,365
Population in private households by marital statusFootnote 8 32,852,325 23,725,435 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,005,320 11,299,530 10,650,715 648,815 165,305 4,705,795
Married (and not separated) 12,878,850 9,239,780 8,756,860 482,915 127,205 3,639,075
Living common law 3,126,475 2,059,755 1,893,850 165,900 38,105 1,066,720
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 16,847,000 12,425,910 11,307,045 1,118,865 321,710 4,421,090
Single (never legally married) 13,189,485 9,807,775 8,947,580 860,195 251,360 3,381,705
Separated 662,580 483,885 435,600 48,285 13,770 178,695
Divorced 1,647,790 1,217,115 1,085,125 131,985 36,210 430,675
Widowed 1,347,145 917,135 838,740 78,400 20,370 430,010
Persons in economic families by family structure and presence and age of childrenFootnote 9 27,948,790 20,100,370 18,842,595 1,257,775 344,345 7,848,420
Couple family 23,795,520 17,018,200 16,090,775 927,425 245,405 6,777,315
Couple only 6,939,100 4,530,350 4,241,145 289,205 66,785 2,408,750
Couple with children 16,550,180 12,267,930 11,643,465 624,470 175,720 4,282,250
With children under 18 years 12,646,795 9,279,325 8,783,640 495,685 144,865 3,367,470
Without children under 6 years 6,867,105 5,036,135 4,818,300 217,835 61,555 1,830,970
With children under 6 years 5,779,690 4,243,190 3,965,340 277,855 83,310 1,536,500
Couple with other relatives only 306,240 219,915 206,165 13,755 2,900 86,325
Lone-parent family 3,524,510 2,606,755 2,325,350 281,410 84,645 917,750
Female-parent family 2,834,695 2,119,655 1,876,125 243,525 73,795 715,040
Female-parent family with no other relatives 2,660,525 1,988,780 1,759,460 229,325 69,465 671,740
With children under 18 years 1,708,745 1,244,220 1,087,690 156,525 49,490 464,530
Without children under 6 years 1,159,475 858,165 765,680 92,485 28,090 301,315
With children under 6 years 549,270 386,050 322,010 64,040 21,395 163,215
Male-parent family 689,810 487,105 449,225 37,880 10,845 202,710
Male-parent family with no other relatives 646,335 454,640 419,455 35,185 10,045 191,695
With children under 18 years 364,365 248,360 229,815 18,545 5,420 116,000
Without children under 6 years 294,445 203,400 189,395 14,005 4,170 91,045
With children under 6 years 69,920 44,960 40,420 4,545 1,250 24,960
Other economic familyFootnote 10 628,770 475,415 426,470 48,940 14,295 153,355
Persons not in economic families aged 15 years and overFootnote 11 4,903,505 3,625,040 3,115,130 509,910 142,670 1,278,465
Less than 65 years 3,588,725 2,743,505 2,335,415 408,095 115,585 845,220
65 years and over 1,314,780 881,535 779,715 101,815 27,085 433,240
Total - Income status based on after-tax low-income measureFootnote 12 32,852,325 23,725,435 21,957,750 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Population for the income status based on after-tax low-income measure 32,386,170 23,725,440 21,957,750 1,767,685 487,015 8,660,730
Low-income population 4,812,120 3,473,975 2,817,750 656,230 225,375 1,338,145
Prevalence of low income % 14.9 14.6 12.8 37.1 46.3 15.5
Low-income concentration ratio %Footnote 13 not applicable ... not applicable ... not applicable ... 18.9 6.5 not applicable ...
Other population 27,574,050 20,251,465 19,140,010 1,111,460 261,635 7,322,585
Concept not applicableFootnote 14 466,155 0 0 0 0 466,150
Total population in private households by citizenshipFootnote 15 32,852,325 23,725,435 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Canadian citizens 30,895,305 21,937,675 20,465,705 1,471,970 388,315 8,957,630
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,576,425 4,671,670 4,393,635 278,035 83,755 1,904,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 24,318,885 17,266,010 16,072,075 1,193,935 304,565 7,052,875
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 16 1,957,015 1,787,760 1,492,050 295,710 98,700 169,255
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 17 32,852,320 23,725,435 21,957,755 1,767,680 487,015 9,126,885
Non-immigrantsFootnote 18 25,720,175 17,167,140 16,117,300 1,049,840 267,555 8,553,035
ImmigrantsFootnote 19 6,775,770 6,237,020 5,589,780 647,240 193,285 538,750
Before 1971 1,261,060 1,058,855 997,745 61,115 14,940 202,200
1971 to 1980 870,775 787,240 734,025 53,215 14,445 83,535
1981 to 1990 949,890 892,725 816,070 76,655 21,345 57,165
1991 to 2000 1,539,055 1,472,725 1,322,365 150,355 45,120 66,325
2001 to 2011Footnote 20 2,154,990 2,025,465 1,719,570 305,900 97,435 129,525
2001 to 2005 992,070 942,655 828,325 114,330 34,195 49,415
2006 to 2011Footnote 21 1,162,915 1,082,810 891,240 191,575 63,240 80,105
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 22 356,380 321,285 250,680 70,605 26,180 35,100
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationFootnote 23 6,775,770 6,237,015 5,589,775 647,240 193,280 538,750
Under 5 years 671,795 590,215 536,810 53,400 15,730 81,580
5 to 14 years 1,186,050 1,072,600 971,125 101,475 29,545 113,450
15 to 24 years 1,540,435 1,413,715 1,279,905 133,810 40,975 126,720
25 to 44 years 2,767,110 2,581,355 2,290,995 290,355 86,635 185,755
45 years and over 610,385 579,130 510,935 68,200 20,395 31,250
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 24 32,852,325 23,725,440 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Non-immigrantsFootnote 25 25,720,175 17,167,135 16,117,300 1,049,840 267,555 8,553,035
Born in province of residence 21,853,875 14,520,960 13,600,260 920,695 236,305 7,332,910
Born outside province of residence 3,866,305 2,646,180 2,517,035 129,145 31,250 1,220,125
ImmigrantsFootnote 26 6,775,770 6,237,015 5,589,780 647,240 193,280 538,750
Americas 1,060,230 935,280 823,170 112,110 34,115 124,955
United States 263,470 195,745 182,315 13,430 4,195 67,725
Jamaica 126,035 123,150 112,000 11,145 3,275 2,885
Guyana 87,945 86,530 78,320 8,210 2,485 1,415
Haiti 80,095 78,735 55,755 22,980 7,425 1,360
Mexico 69,690 44,240 37,005 7,240 2,610 25,450
Trinidad and Tobago 67,210 65,225 60,045 5,175 1,380 1,980
Colombia 60,550 56,465 47,895 8,570 2,330 4,090
El Salvador 43,655 41,180 35,450 5,725 1,705 2,475
Peru 26,715 25,870 22,280 3,590 910 850
Chile 25,200 23,725 21,035 2,690 660 1,470
Other places of birth in Americas 209,665 194,410 171,065 23,345 7,145 15,250
Europe 2,127,785 1,827,770 1,705,530 122,240 30,140 300,015
United KingdomFootnote 27 537,040 419,345 405,375 13,970 2,975 117,690
Italy 256,825 244,685 228,250 16,435 2,595 12,145
Germany 152,345 111,275 106,205 5,070 1,320 41,070
Poland 152,290 142,370 133,780 8,590 1,690 9,920
Portugal 138,520 129,410 122,705 6,705 1,275 9,110
Netherlands 98,510 62,000 60,170 1,830 315 36,510
France 90,440 78,310 67,190 11,115 3,020 12,135
Romania 82,595 79,065 71,545 7,520 2,285 3,530
Russian Federation 73,030 68,275 60,755 7,520 1,800 4,750
Greece 66,475 64,290 56,710 7,585 4,145 2,185
Ukraine 65,455 61,785 56,415 5,365 1,200 3,670
Croatia 40,015 37,630 35,815 1,815 460 2,380
Hungary 38,985 34,635 31,095 3,540 775 4,355
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,890 34,795 31,345 3,445 580 1,090
Serbia 32,605 30,850 28,385 2,470 610 1,750
Ireland, Republic of 28,040 23,545 22,705 835 125 4,495
Other places of birth in Europe 238,740 205,510 187,080 18,430 4,960 33,230
Africa 492,025 471,065 382,760 88,305 30,755 20,960
Morocco 56,280 54,950 38,550 16,400 5,430 1,330
Algeria 51,085 50,130 35,750 14,385 3,880 955
Egypt 49,930 48,745 44,360 4,380 1,465 1,185
South Africa, Republic of 40,555 34,845 33,570 1,280 220 5,705
Nigeria 27,625 26,370 23,490 2,880 665 1,250
Ethiopia 24,540 23,250 18,225 5,025 2,290 1,285
Kenya 24,515 23,605 21,985 1,625 425 905
Other places of birth in Africa 217,505 209,165 166,835 42,330 16,375 8,340
Asia 3,041,100 2,955,570 2,632,265 323,300 98,090 85,530
India 547,890 533,815 507,155 26,660 7,100 14,075
ChinaFootnote 28 545,535 532,470 464,435 68,035 16,625 13,065
Philippines 454,340 432,465 383,730 48,740 16,755 21,870
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 205,430 203,605 188,260 15,355 2,615 1,820
Viet NamFootnote 29 165,125 161,200 143,285 17,920 5,240 3,925
Pakistan 156,865 153,265 135,140 18,120 6,980 3,600
Sri Lanka 132,130 130,820 113,490 17,330 6,890 1,315
IranFootnote 30 120,685 118,490 105,980 12,510 3,445 2,195
Korea, SouthFootnote 31 112,395 107,525 96,605 10,920 1,915 4,875
Lebanon 81,105 78,415 66,020 12,390 5,125 2,695
Taiwan 66,455 65,425 56,615 8,815 1,520 1,030
Iraq 49,520 48,610 41,245 7,370 2,465 905
Bangladesh 45,325 44,605 28,885 15,720 7,015 715
Afghanistan 40,940 40,640 33,480 7,165 2,595 300
Japan 25,805 23,655 21,660 1,995 390 2,150
Turkey 25,275 24,650 20,690 3,960 1,260 625
Other places of birth in Asia 266,285 255,915 225,605 30,310 10,150 10,370
Oceania and otherFootnote 32 54,625 47,325 46,050 1,280 185 7,295
Fiji 24,290 23,780 23,385 395 50 510
Other places of birthFootnote 33 30,335 23,555 22,665 890 135 6,780
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 34 356,385 321,285 250,680 70,605 26,175 35,100
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 35 32,852,325 23,725,440 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
First generationFootnote 36 7,217,300 6,625,490 5,903,110 722,380 220,695 591,810
Second generationFootnote 37 5,702,725 4,751,655 4,435,020 316,635 89,405 951,070
Third generation or moreFootnote 38 19,932,300 12,348,290 11,619,625 728,665 176,915 7,584,010
Total population in private households by visible minorityFootnote 39 32,852,325 23,725,440 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Total visible minority populationFootnote 40 6,264,750 6,042,080 5,320,205 721,870 231,260 222,675
South AsianFootnote 41 1,567,405 1,528,425 1,402,230 126,190 45,675 38,975
Chinese 1,324,750 1,293,815 1,159,620 134,195 30,840 30,930
Black 945,665 903,875 745,570 158,310 57,095 41,790
Filipino 619,310 583,785 523,610 60,180 21,330 35,530
Latin American 381,280 360,825 305,935 54,890 16,790 20,455
Arab 380,620 369,420 295,705 73,720 26,600 11,195
Southeast AsianFootnote 42 312,075 298,840 259,445 39,395 12,850 13,235
West AsianFootnote 43 206,845 203,665 176,750 26,920 8,870 3,175
Korean 161,130 153,835 136,955 16,880 3,580 7,290
Japanese 87,265 77,820 72,410 5,405 835 9,450
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 44 106,475 101,795 90,980 10,815 2,590 4,680
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 45 171,935 165,975 150,985 14,985 4,200 5,965
Not a visible minorityFootnote 46 26,587,575 17,683,360 16,637,545 1,045,815 255,755 8,904,210
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 32,852,325 23,725,440 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,010 9,126,885
Aboriginal identityFootnote 47 1,400,685 558,435 498,650 59,785 18,780 842,250
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 48 851,560 291,505 252,860 38,640 11,915 560,060
Métis single identity 451,795 237,795 219,135 18,655 6,045 214,005
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 59,440 7,550 6,945 605 245 51,890
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 49 11,420 6,580 5,725 855 200 4,835
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 50 26,475 15,010 13,990 1,020 385 11,470
Non-Aboriginal identity 31,451,640 23,167,005 21,459,100 1,707,900 468,230 8,284,630
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 51 32,852,325 23,725,435 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 52 697,510 200,805 170,480 30,320 10,080 496,700
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 32,154,815 23,524,630 21,787,275 1,737,360 476,935 8,630,185
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 53 32,852,320 23,725,435 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 54 1,836,035 853,400 769,405 83,995 24,305 982,640
First Nations (North American Indian) ancestryFootnote 55 1,369,115 617,325 549,520 67,805 18,990 751,790
Métis ancestry 447,650 246,540 229,005 17,535 5,870 201,115
Inuit ancestry 72,615 13,715 12,785 925 245 58,900
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 56 31,016,290 22,872,040 21,188,355 1,683,690 462,715 8,144,250
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 57 32,852,325 23,725,435 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,015 9,126,885
English 18,850,405 12,858,305 12,237,835 620,475 160,665 5,992,095
French 6,967,460 4,522,900 4,080,605 442,295 108,990 2,444,555
Non-official language 6,551,515 5,910,005 5,250,725 659,280 202,880 641,515
Aboriginal 193,855 13,030 9,780 3,250 1,200 180,825
Non-Aboriginal 6,357,660 5,896,975 5,240,945 656,030 201,680 460,685
English and French 57,820 40,715 36,355 4,355 1,395 17,105
English and non-official language 353,530 325,510 299,750 25,765 8,025 28,015
French and non-official language 65,315 62,125 47,585 14,540 4,615 3,195
English, French and non-official language 6,280 5,870 4,895 975 435 405
Total - First official language spokenFootnote 58 32,852,320 23,725,435 21,957,755 1,767,685 487,010 9,126,880
English 24,545,120 17,932,940 16,869,240 1,063,700 290,685 6,612,180
French 7,419,190 4,952,145 4,388,625 563,520 147,495 2,467,045
English and French 347,760 330,375 258,090 72,290 27,620 17,380
Neither English nor French 540,255 509,975 441,805 68,170 21,215 30,280
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 59 32,485,220 23,460,105 21,715,480 1,744,620 479,980 9,025,110
Non-movers 28,443,525 20,399,190 19,002,930 1,396,265 377,860 8,044,335
Movers 4,041,690 3,060,915 2,712,555 348,355 102,120 980,780
Non-migrants 2,380,370 1,887,125 1,660,285 226,840 66,450 493,245
Migrants 1,661,320 1,173,790 1,052,275 121,515 35,670 487,530
Internal migrants 1,359,105 898,010 829,215 68,800 17,030 461,095
Intraprovincial migrants 1,116,780 736,615 683,450 53,170 12,635 380,165
Interprovincial migrants 242,325 161,395 145,765 15,630 4,390 80,925
External migrants 302,215 275,775 223,055 52,720 18,640 26,440
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 60 30,978,630 22,366,810 20,705,550 1,661,255 454,520 8,611,825
Non-movers 19,010,730 13,260,725 12,501,665 759,055 199,875 5,750,005
Movers 11,967,900 9,106,085 8,203,885 902,200 254,645 2,861,820
Non-migrants 6,467,760 5,144,475 4,635,130 509,345 141,360 1,323,285
Migrants 5,500,140 3,961,610 3,568,755 392,855 113,280 1,538,530
Internal migrants 4,297,730 2,862,635 2,668,260 194,370 45,890 1,435,100
Intraprovincial migrants 3,442,070 2,296,345 2,147,780 148,565 33,660 1,145,720
Interprovincial migrants 855,670 566,285 520,480 45,810 12,235 289,380
External migrants 1,202,405 1,098,975 900,490 198,485 67,390 103,430
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 61 27,259,520 19,693,420 18,199,900 1,493,525 402,545 7,566,105
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,485,395 3,444,730 3,107,055 337,670 99,220 2,040,670
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 62 6,968,935 5,010,475 4,641,655 368,815 102,225 1,958,465
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 63 14,805,190 11,238,220 10,451,185 787,040 201,095 3,566,975
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 64 2,950,685 1,850,455 1,717,815 132,635 32,190 1,100,230
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 4,970,020 3,589,145 3,368,270 220,880 55,350 1,380,875
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 65 1,200,130 962,425 890,820 71,600 18,785 237,700
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 5,684,355 4,836,195 4,474,280 361,920 94,775 848,160
Bachelor's degree 3,634,425 3,056,420 2,837,075 219,345 55,600 578,005
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 66 2,049,935 1,779,775 1,637,200 142,570 39,175 270,155
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 67 18,383,920 13,415,145 12,407,180 1,007,965 268,855 4,968,775
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,330,580 1,395,415 1,230,000 165,420 51,545 935,165
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 68 4,270,665 3,004,795 2,786,095 218,695 59,740 1,265,865
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 69 11,782,680 9,014,935 8,391,085 623,855 157,565 2,767,745
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 70 2,218,800 1,383,385 1,282,700 100,685 24,315 835,415
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 3,913,710 2,827,815 2,662,285 165,530 40,790 1,085,890
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 71 894,750 728,430 674,380 54,045 14,025 166,320
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 4,755,420 4,075,300 3,771,715 303,585 78,435 680,115
Bachelor's degree 3,032,225 2,562,795 2,384,150 178,645 43,990 469,430
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 72 1,723,200 1,512,505 1,387,565 124,945 34,450 210,690
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 73 27,259,525 19,693,420 18,199,900 1,493,525 402,550 7,566,100
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 74 12,454,330 8,455,200 7,748,715 706,485 201,450 3,999,135
Education 1,109,460 782,145 741,820 40,325 9,320 327,310
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 548,630 463,440 416,075 47,365 10,935 85,190
Humanities 821,595 684,785 627,350 57,435 15,295 136,810
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,497,755 1,251,130 1,152,775 98,355 26,350 246,620
Business, management and public administration 3,187,570 2,513,000 2,347,330 165,675 41,215 674,570
Physical and life sciences and technologies 554,680 472,880 434,140 38,740 11,200 81,800
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 601,705 525,125 481,545 43,575 11,580 76,580
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,193,975 2,266,685 2,122,905 143,775 36,100 927,290
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 326,230 174,185 163,200 10,980 3,115 152,045
Health and related fieldsFootnote 75 2,060,605 1,506,125 1,407,090 99,035 25,600 554,475
Personal, protective and transportation services 900,005 596,665 555,095 41,575 10,345 303,335
Other fields of studyFootnote 76 2,995 2,060 1,860 200 50 935
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceFootnote 77 27,259,525 19,693,420 18,199,900 1,493,520 402,545 7,566,100
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,454,330 8,455,200 7,748,715 706,485 201,445 3,999,130
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 14,805,190 11,238,225 10,451,185 787,040 201,095 3,566,970
Location of study inside Canada 12,404,670 9,051,265 8,500,035 551,225 131,630 3,353,410
Same as province or territory of residence 10,920,860 8,009,060 7,506,315 502,745 120,890 2,911,805
Another province or territory 1,483,810 1,042,205 993,720 48,480 10,740 441,610
Location of study outside Canada 2,400,520 2,186,955 1,951,150 235,810 69,465 213,560
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 78 27,259,525 19,693,420 18,199,895 1,493,520 402,545 7,566,100
In the labour force 17,990,080 13,239,485 12,354,415 885,070 222,695 4,750,590
Employed 16,595,030 12,260,940 11,483,790 777,160 190,090 4,334,090
Unemployed 1,395,050 978,545 870,630 107,915 32,605 416,505
Not in the labour force 9,269,445 6,453,930 5,845,480 608,450 179,855 2,815,510
Participation rate 66.0 67.2 67.9 59.3 55.3 62.8
Employment rate 60.9 62.3 63.1 52.0 47.2 57.3
Unemployment rate 7.8 7.4 7.0 12.2 14.6 8.8
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by class of workerFootnote 79 27,259,525 19,693,420 18,199,900 1,493,520 402,545 7,566,100
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 80 8,126,215 5,683,765 5,113,420 570,345 171,800 2,442,450
All classes of workerFootnote 81 19,133,310 14,009,660 13,086,475 923,180 230,750 5,123,650
Employee 17,036,905 12,578,820 11,731,950 846,870 212,500 4,458,090
Self-employedFootnote 82 2,096,400 1,430,835 1,354,525 76,310 18,245 665,565
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010Footnote 83 27,259,525 19,693,425 18,199,900 1,493,525 402,545 7,566,105
Did not work in 2010Footnote 84 8,738,175 6,136,660 5,522,205 614,465 184,830 2,601,505
Worked in 2010 18,521,355 13,556,760 12,677,700 879,060 217,720 4,964,595
1 to 13 weeks 1,361,560 960,570 886,950 73,620 20,470 400,990
14 to 26 weeks 1,741,315 1,186,500 1,091,640 94,860 25,785 554,810
27 to 39 weeks 1,251,035 879,875 807,550 72,325 19,655 371,155
40 to 48 weeks 2,895,165 2,170,975 2,018,075 152,900 38,210 724,185
49 to 52 weeks 11,272,285 8,358,835 7,873,480 485,350 113,600 2,913,455
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.1 43.5 43.6 41.8 40.8 42.1
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010Footnote 85 27,259,525 19,693,420 18,199,900 1,493,525 402,545 7,566,100
Did not work in 2010Footnote 86 8,738,175 6,136,665 5,522,200 614,460 184,830 2,601,510
Worked in 2010 18,521,350 13,556,760 12,677,700 879,060 217,720 4,964,595
Worked full-time in 2010 14,432,455 10,579,680 9,911,565 668,110 160,320 3,852,775
Worked part-time in 2010 4,088,895 2,977,080 2,766,130 210,945 57,400 1,111,815
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 87 27,259,525 19,693,420 18,199,900 1,493,525 402,545 7,566,100
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 88 8,126,220 5,683,760 5,113,415 570,340 171,800 2,442,455
All occupationsFootnote 89 19,133,310 14,009,655 13,086,480 923,180 230,745 5,123,650
0 Management occupations 2,056,205 1,499,440 1,430,870 68,570 15,780 556,765
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 3,143,885 2,479,285 2,336,295 142,985 31,470 664,605
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,306,595 1,087,400 1,019,880 67,520 15,780 219,195
3 Health occupations 1,175,800 860,775 806,270 54,505 12,830 315,025
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,249,270 1,691,210 1,580,055 111,155 29,645 558,060
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 591,350 485,240 446,030 39,215 9,100 106,105
6 Sales and service occupations 4,560,915 3,400,035 3,117,570 282,465 76,170 1,160,880
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,717,620 1,747,840 1,648,030 99,805 23,960 969,780
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 460,945 184,375 175,805 8,575 2,280 276,565
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 870,730 574,055 525,685 48,375 13,735 296,670
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 90 27,259,525 19,693,420 18,199,900 1,493,520 402,545 7,566,105
Industry - not applicableFootnote 91 8,126,220 5,683,760 5,113,420 570,340 171,800 2,442,455
All industriesFootnote 92 19,133,305 14,009,660 13,086,480 923,180 230,745 5,123,650
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 485,495 120,935 116,245 4,690 1,330 364,560
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 276,345 120,850 118,760 2,095 555 155,490
22 Utilities 158,935 106,195 102,635 3,560 585 52,740
23 Construction 1,309,595 878,620 836,160 42,455 9,250 430,980
31-33 Manufacturing 1,722,465 1,221,170 1,141,060 80,110 21,215 501,295
41 Wholesale trade 776,805 630,430 596,160 34,270 7,940 146,380
44-45 Retail trade 2,244,475 1,635,305 1,521,355 113,950 28,705 609,170
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 884,070 645,650 608,070 37,575 9,160 238,420
51 Information and cultural industries 450,115 387,655 357,340 30,315 6,280 62,460
52 Finance and insurance 811,985 687,950 648,470 39,480 8,615 124,030
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 349,600 282,940 263,925 19,020 4,620 66,655
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,339,010 1,142,845 1,069,335 73,505 17,565 196,165
55 Management of companies and enterprises 19,075 15,290 14,320 975 280 3,780
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 812,155 631,595 570,255 61,340 16,995 180,560
61 Educational services 1,432,165 1,087,580 1,016,620 70,960 19,255 344,580
62 Health care and social assistance 2,089,385 1,506,215 1,402,955 103,255 25,515 583,175
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 436,280 324,290 300,485 23,805 6,230 111,990
72 Accommodation and food services 1,289,260 950,365 859,365 91,005 25,225 338,895
81 Other services (except public administration) 882,270 641,215 595,410 45,805 11,895 241,055
91 Public administration 1,363,830 992,565 947,565 45,000 9,535 371,265

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Low-income concentration - For this analysis, the population in census tracts is classified based on their place of residence between 'applicable census tracts' and 'outside applicable census tracts.' A census tract is not applicable if all its population is excluded from the low-income concept.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census tract - Area that is small and relatively stable. Census tracts usually have a population between 2,500 and 8,000 persons. They are located in census metropolitan areas and in census agglomerations that have a core population of 50,000 or more.

This includes census tracts where the low-income concepts were applicable for the whole population and the applicable parts of census tracts where the concepts are partly applicable. The population in scope for low- income measurement excludes residents of certain census subdivisions (CSDs). Where the census tract overlaps two CSDs with different types, the low-income concept may only be applicable to part of the full census tract population. In this analysis, the population living in the applicable part of the CT is included with the applicable census tracts. The census tract itself is counted only once under 'applicable census tracts' even if part of the population is counted under 'outside applicable census tracts.'

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Includes areas outside census tracts and census tracts where low-income concepts were not considered applicable for the whole census tract based on the census subdivision type(s). It also includes the population in the non-applicable part of a census tract when the census tract is partly applicable.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Census tract - Area that is small and relatively stable. Census tracts usually have a population between 2,500 and 8,000 persons. They are located in census metropolitan areas and in census agglomerations that have a core population of 50,000 or more.

The population in scope for low income measurement excludes residents of certain census subdivisions (CSDs). Where the census tract overlaps two CSDs with different types, the low-income concept may only be applicable to part of the full census tract population. Partly applicable census tracts are counted only once as 'applicable census tracts' even though the population outside the applicable part would be counted under 'outside applicable census tracts.'

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families.

Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person.

Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person.

Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

This category includes economic families where the reference person does not have a spouse or partner, nor a child in the family, only other relatives.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Economic family status - Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not the persons are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Low income can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT).

For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. The is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status.

Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Low-income concentration ratio - Low-income population expressed as share of the total low-income population in 'applicable census tracts.'

Return to footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income rates more difficult.

Return to footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups:  South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Return to footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian. 'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

Return to footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'

Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

Return to footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

Return to footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.



For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.



For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

Return to footnote 78 referrer

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers.

Return to footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

Return to footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to footnote 92 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011037.

Date modified: