2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Income and Earnings Statistics in 2010 (16), Age Groups (8C), Sex (3), Work activity in 2010 (3), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (6) and Selected Sociocultural Characteristics (60) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2011 National Household Survey

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :99-014-X2011041
Release date :September 11, 2013
Topic :Income and Housing
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Confidentiality disclosure control for the National Household Survey (NHS)

Disclosure control rules have been applied to data tables available from the National Household Survey (NHS). The number of actual records used to derive any number in a table must meet a minimum criterion. For a table cell where this criterion is not met, the number is replaced by a zero. Due to this disclosure control, subtotals will not necessarily aggregate to the total. As well, users should note that random rounding has also been applied to the data.

Note: Differences between the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates and census counts

The 2011 Census of Population and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) both provide information on the Canadian population for various levels of geography and for numerous common topics (e.g., demography, marital status, family and language) including characteristics associated to these topics. It is possible that differences exist between the 2011 Census count and the NHS estimate. Two reasons can explain these differences:

- The definition of the population of each data source: the target population for the 2011 Census includes usual residents in collective dwellings and persons living abroad, whereas the target population for the NHS excludes them.

- The variability of the estimates for the NHS: the NHS estimates are derived from a sample survey and are therefore subject to sampling error; they are also subject to potentially higher non-response error than in the census due to the survey's voluntary nature.

Note: The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates - quality indicators

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

Note: Employment income comparability

National Household Survey estimates of median employment income and median wages and salaries are higher than those from other household survey and administrative sources. Users should use caution when making comparisons with other data sources. The estimates of median wages for full-year full-time workers are more comparable across data sources. Full-year full-time worker is the recommended unit of analysis when analysing employment income. For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99 014-X2011006.

Note: Income suppression and data quality

Area suppression is the deletion of all characteristic data for geographic areas with populations below a specified size. Income distributions and related statistics are suppressed if the population in the area, excluding residents in collective dwellings, is less than 250, or if the number of private households is less than 40.

Tables with total income, after-tax income or earnings distributions.

Total income, after-tax income and earnings distributions have been suppressed where the estimated total number of units (persons, families or households) is less than 250. All suppressed cells and associated averages and medians have been replaced with zeros or symbols.

In all cases, suppressed data are included in the appropriate higher aggregate subtotals and totals.

For information on data quality, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the NHS universe

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) included information about non-permanent residents in Canada. Non-permanent residents are defined as persons from another country who, at the time of the survey, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as non-Canadian-born family members living in Canada with them. The non-permanent resident population is identified from responses to the citizenship and landed immigrant status questions. Persons who are not Canadian citizens by birth and who answered 'No' to the landed immigrant status question are considered non permanent residents.

The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the NHS facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population and provides information for planning of services, such as health care, education and employment programs. As well, the inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the estimate of this population.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details income and earnings statistics in 2010 , age groups , sex , work activity in 2010 , highest certificate, diploma or degree and selected sociocultural characteristics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in CanadaFootnote 2
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 3 = 26.1 %
Selected sociocultural characteristics (60) Income and earnings statistics in 2010 (16)
Total - Income statistics in 2010Footnote 4 Without income With income Median incomeFootnote 5 Average incomeFootnote 6 Without after-tax income With after-tax income Median after-tax incomeFootnote 7 Average after-tax incomeFootnote 8 Total - Employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 9 With employment income Median employment incomeFootnote 10 Average employment incomeFootnote 11 With wages and salaries Median wages and salariesFootnote 12 Average wages and salariesFootnote 13
Total - Population by Aboriginal identity 27,259,525 1,341,020 25,918,510 29,878 40,650 1,344,645 25,914,880 27,334 33,998 27,259,520 18,820,310 31,603 41,795 17,442,675 33,094 42,445
Aboriginal identityFootnote 14 1,008,585 84,630 923,950 20,701 29,780 84,735 923,850 20,060 26,258 1,008,580 629,940 24,481 32,906 604,635 24,989 33,242
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 15 592,765 57,225 535,540 17,903 26,107 57,285 535,485 17,621 23,641 592,765 335,545 22,217 30,172 324,665 22,605 30,396
Métis single identity 347,375 22,575 324,800 26,173 35,051 22,630 324,750 24,551 30,005 347,380 247,455 28,075 36,344 234,655 29,029 36,934
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 39,280 2,930 36,350 20,961 31,722 2,930 36,350 20,401 27,744 39,285 27,595 19,905 32,329 27,165 19,910 32,429
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 16 7,690 660 7,035 24,043 31,236 660 7,030 22,742 27,309 7,690 5,035 25,802 32,307 4,765 27,370 32,927
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 17 21,465 1,235 20,230 27,889 38,382 1,230 20,235 25,691 32,333 21,465 14,310 28,727 38,876 13,385 30,029 39,333
Non-Aboriginal identity 26,250,945 1,256,385 24,994,555 30,195 41,052 1,259,910 24,991,030 27,622 34,284 26,250,940 18,190,375 31,908 42,102 16,838,040 33,439 42,775
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 18 27,259,525 1,341,020 25,918,505 29,878 40,650 1,344,640 25,914,880 27,334 33,998 27,259,520 18,820,310 31,603 41,795 17,442,675 33,094 42,445
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 19 489,705 47,545 442,165 17,120 25,304 47,540 442,165 16,939 23,111 489,705 268,005 21,951 29,900 260,395 22,181 30,039
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 26,769,820 1,293,475 25,476,345 30,092 40,916 1,297,105 25,472,720 27,538 34,187 26,769,820 18,552,310 31,789 41,966 17,182,280 33,303 42,633
Total - Population by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 20 27,259,520 1,341,015 25,918,505 29,878 40,650 1,344,645 25,914,885 27,334 33,998 27,259,520 18,820,315 31,603 41,795 17,442,670 33,094 42,445
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 21 1,329,985 101,905 1,228,075 22,720 31,819 102,040 1,227,945 21,729 27,692 1,329,985 878,260 25,781 34,246 838,080 26,392 34,607
First Nations (North American Indian) ancestryFootnote 22 988,640 79,970 908,670 21,268 30,254 80,070 908,575 20,563 26,545 988,645 624,715 24,966 33,209 596,490 25,457 33,503
Métis ancestry 329,655 21,265 308,385 28,076 36,462 21,300 308,350 25,941 31,091 329,655 244,070 29,152 37,133 231,715 29,996 37,744
Inuit ancestry 47,815 3,545 44,270 21,850 32,692 3,545 44,270 21,130 28,428 47,820 34,045 20,860 33,324 33,390 21,043 33,430
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 23 25,929,540 1,239,110 24,690,430 30,197 41,089 1,242,600 24,686,935 27,624 34,312 25,929,535 17,942,055 31,945 42,164 16,604,595 33,483 42,841
Total - Generation statusFootnote 24 27,259,525 1,341,015 25,918,505 29,878 40,650 1,344,645 25,914,885 27,334 33,998 27,259,525 18,820,310 31,603 41,795 17,442,675 33,094 42,445
First generationFootnote 25 6,777,370 341,380 6,435,990 26,145 37,848 342,120 6,435,250 24,701 32,100 6,777,370 4,302,485 30,250 41,243 3,919,960 32,376 42,348
Second generationFootnote 26 4,207,485 261,415 3,946,070 32,252 44,540 261,905 3,945,580 29,450 36,921 4,207,485 2,901,140 33,376 44,817 2,673,980 35,053 45,473
Third generation or moreFootnote 27 16,274,670 738,220 15,536,450 30,821 40,822 740,615 15,534,055 27,983 34,042 16,274,670 11,616,690 31,721 41,244 10,848,730 32,940 41,734
Total - Population by visible minorityFootnote 28 27,259,525 1,341,020 25,918,505 29,878 40,650 1,344,640 25,914,880 27,334 33,998 27,259,525 18,820,315 31,603 41,795 17,442,670 33,094 42,445
Total visible minority populationFootnote 29 4,917,190 402,225 4,514,965 22,951 33,322 402,575 4,514,610 21,979 28,685 4,917,190 3,253,975 27,935 37,150 3,041,060 29,299 37,748
South AsianFootnote 30 1,204,905 98,440 1,106,465 23,340 34,642 98,695 1,106,210 22,361 29,741 1,204,900 805,285 27,994 38,278 747,400 29,619 38,978
Chinese 1,115,090 80,855 1,034,230 21,201 34,301 80,980 1,034,105 20,565 29,337 1,115,085 699,110 29,965 40,403 648,265 31,156 41,231
Black 690,710 59,080 631,630 24,281 31,899 59,060 631,655 23,074 27,810 690,710 461,390 26,917 33,935 438,865 28,074 34,477
Filipino 491,710 39,860 451,850 27,954 33,708 39,885 451,820 25,796 29,343 491,705 376,320 29,658 34,941 366,825 30,005 35,170
Latin American 313,065 26,065 287,000 22,821 30,654 26,005 287,065 21,749 26,702 313,065 216,000 26,207 33,434 202,320 27,124 33,960
Arab 281,100 26,675 254,430 19,370 31,683 26,665 254,440 18,949 27,009 281,100 166,845 25,034 37,521 151,735 26,890 37,845
Southeast AsianFootnote 31 252,005 18,695 233,305 23,087 32,460 18,685 233,315 21,985 27,906 252,005 170,625 27,932 36,219 159,495 29,023 36,293
West AsianFootnote 32 168,175 16,120 152,060 17,656 30,365 16,125 152,050 17,331 26,040 168,175 101,500 22,976 36,291 90,875 24,686 37,517
Korean 133,250 14,480 118,770 16,408 27,944 14,495 118,755 16,193 24,238 133,250 76,370 22,282 34,013 65,695 24,026 35,604
Japanese 69,865 4,380 65,480 29,112 42,595 4,385 65,480 27,014 35,398 69,860 45,965 31,581 45,169 42,360 33,086 46,222
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 33 82,625 6,500 76,120 25,234 33,834 6,510 76,115 23,852 29,181 82,625 55,690 30,097 37,146 52,720 31,414 37,871
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 34 114,695 11,080 103,615 24,235 34,058 11,085 103,605 22,881 29,113 114,695 78,880 28,168 37,019 74,510 29,162 37,524
Not a visible minorityFootnote 35 22,342,335 938,790 21,403,540 31,286 42,196 942,065 21,400,270 28,463 35,119 22,342,335 15,566,340 32,486 42,765 14,401,610 34,042 43,437
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 36 27,259,525 1,341,020 25,918,505 29,878 40,650 1,344,645 25,914,885 27,334 33,998 27,259,520 18,820,310 31,603 41,795 17,442,670 33,094 42,445
Non-immigrantsFootnote 37 20,543,700 1,002,995 19,540,705 31,085 41,595 1,005,870 19,537,825 28,255 34,639 20,543,700 14,566,295 32,025 41,978 13,568,125 33,335 42,489
ImmigrantsFootnote 38 6,398,850 313,730 6,085,120 26,691 38,244 314,660 6,084,195 25,157 32,461 6,398,855 4,067,175 30,756 41,384 3,694,485 32,939 42,587
Before 1981 2,131,830 26,365 2,105,470 30,964 45,068 26,955 2,104,870 28,615 37,641 2,131,830 1,108,060 35,937 48,817 969,750 39,566 51,085
1981 to 1990 949,895 15,955 933,935 30,989 41,651 16,190 933,705 28,630 35,184 949,890 690,860 37,127 46,174 628,080 39,179 47,583
1991 to 2000 1,510,070 66,115 1,443,950 25,067 35,027 66,190 1,443,875 23,796 30,127 1,510,070 1,069,515 30,450 39,242 980,155 32,416 40,431
2001 to 2009 1,565,025 120,495 1,444,530 21,975 31,083 120,545 1,444,480 21,137 26,934 1,565,025 1,095,985 24,965 34,260 1,018,435 26,061 34,959
2001 to 2005 866,865 61,585 805,280 24,154 33,401 61,705 805,155 23,063 28,802 866,865 622,380 27,579 36,544 574,030 29,272 37,490
2006 to 2009 698,165 58,915 639,250 19,702 28,163 58,840 639,320 19,107 24,582 698,160 473,610 22,140 31,258 444,410 22,932 31,690
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 39 27,259,525 1,341,015 25,918,510 29,878 40,650 1,344,645 25,914,880 27,334 33,998 27,259,525 18,820,315 31,603 41,795 17,442,675 33,094 42,445
English 15,258,560 741,370 14,517,190 32,137 43,752 743,555 14,515,010 29,285 36,380 15,258,560 10,934,870 32,991 43,993 10,151,610 34,612 44,731
French 5,889,225 233,510 5,655,715 29,857 37,640 234,305 5,654,920 26,912 31,348 5,889,225 4,024,990 30,717 38,065 3,767,255 31,741 38,126
Non-official language 5,756,460 337,750 5,418,710 24,600 35,794 338,345 5,418,115 23,416 30,608 5,756,455 3,618,810 29,529 39,573 3,296,755 31,167 40,630
Aboriginal 149,970 11,320 138,645 16,299 23,893 11,305 138,660 16,220 22,417 149,970 75,105 21,382 29,781 73,965 21,623 29,941
Non-Aboriginal 5,606,490 326,430 5,280,060 24,895 36,107 327,035 5,279,450 23,643 30,824 5,606,490 3,543,700 29,751 39,780 3,222,790 31,442 40,876
English and French 42,640 2,570 40,065 24,862 34,171 2,580 40,060 23,367 29,061 42,640 27,020 25,427 34,654 25,315 26,969 35,101
English and non-official language 260,870 21,555 239,315 26,525 36,516 21,605 239,270 24,890 31,108 260,870 180,925 30,076 38,982 170,465 31,286 39,536
French and non-official language 47,630 3,860 43,770 22,656 31,483 3,860 43,770 21,677 27,082 47,630 31,230 24,914 33,599 28,960 26,604 34,148
English, French and non-official language 4,135 400 3,740 20,384 27,579 405 3,735 20,036 23,838 4,135 2,480 23,625 30,296 2,300 23,897 30,186
Total - First official language spokenFootnote 40 27,259,525 1,341,020 25,918,505 29,878 40,650 1,344,640 25,914,880 27,334 33,998 27,259,525 18,820,310 31,603 41,795 17,442,675 33,094 42,445
English 20,277,305 1,029,195 19,248,110 30,677 42,278 1,032,020 19,245,285 28,207 35,337 20,277,305 14,241,270 32,410 43,264 13,167,550 34,119 44,107
French 6,252,555 258,250 5,994,310 29,303 37,185 258,945 5,993,610 26,524 31,018 6,252,560 4,250,915 30,262 37,740 3,977,315 31,304 37,789
English and French 289,905 25,215 264,695 22,662 32,968 25,200 264,705 21,634 28,152 289,905 190,755 24,980 34,642 176,380 25,970 34,514
Neither English nor French 439,755 28,360 411,395 15,745 19,889 28,470 411,285 15,673 18,556 439,755 137,375 18,242 24,867 121,430 19,975 26,227

Footnotes

Footnote 1

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 2

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 3

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 4

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative).

These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.

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Footnote 5

For population with income.

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Footnote 6

For population with income.

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Footnote 7

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 8

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 9

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 10

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 11

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 12

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 13

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 14

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 15

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.


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Footnote 16

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 17

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 18

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 19

Registered or Treaty Indian Status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 20

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 21

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'
Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 22

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 23

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 24

Generation status
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups:  South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

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Footnote 29

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 30

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 32

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 33

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 35

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 36

Immigrant status refers to whether the respondent is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status.

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Non-permanent residents are not included elsewhere in this table.

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Footnote 37

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 38

The income data for the National Household Survey are for the year 2010. By agreement, landed immigrants who arrived in Canada between January 1, 2011 and May 10, 2011 have an income equal to zero. It is also possible that landed immigrants who arrived during the course of the year 2010 did not have a complete year of applicable revenues. Consequently, these two groups of immigrants are excluded from the detailed distribution by period of immigration. They are, however included in the category 'Immigrants.'

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Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 39

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 40

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011041.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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Footnote b

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Footnote c

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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