2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Mother Tongue (8), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (111), Other Language Spoken Regularly at Home (9), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10C) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details mother tongue , detailed language spoken most often at home , other language spoken regularly at home , generation status , age groups and sex for the population aged 15 years and over, in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Detailed language spoken most often at home (111) Mother tongue (8)
Total - Mother tongue English French Non-official language English and French English and non-official language French and non-official language English, French and non-official language
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 27,259,525 15,258,565 5,889,225 5,756,460 42,635 260,875 47,630 4,135
Single responses 26,560,355 15,207,800 5,851,745 5,274,710 34,095 160,175 29,185 2,650
English 17,706,165 15,070,050 407,950 2,071,575 23,005 125,285 6,805 1,495
French 5,704,450 72,105 5,430,615 172,575 10,700 1,175 16,860 425
Non-official languages 3,149,745 65,650 13,175 3,030,560 395 33,710 5,525 730
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 3 74,475 1,880 140 71,965 0 430 55 10
Atikamekw 3,175 0 20 3,155 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 28,965 905 50 27,795 0 190 20 0
Dene 5,265 85 0 5,095 0 80 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 6,550 10 40 6,475 0 10 15 0
Inuktitut 17,245 285 25 16,870 0 50 10 0
Mi'kmaq 3,095 100 0 2,970 0 20 0 0
Ojibway 4,965 275 0 4,625 0 55 10 0
Oji-Cree 3,795 150 0 3,610 0 25 0 0
Stoney 1,430 55 0 1,360 0 10 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 4 3,052,525 62,295 12,665 2,938,545 390 32,600 5,310 725
African languages, n.i.e. 2,815 100 0 2,690 0 0 0 0
Afrikaans 3,440 60 0 3,340 0 40 0 0
Akan (Twi) 5,855 525 0 5,205 0 125 0 0
Albanian 11,320 50 20 11,110 0 35 100 0
Amharic 8,945 105 0 8,780 0 40 0 0
Arabic 141,790 2,845 2,205 132,560 40 1,845 2,120 180
Armenian 17,095 110 105 16,620 0 165 55 25
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,660 30 0 1,590 0 25 0 0
Bengali 33,205 640 40 31,555 0 925 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,535 0 45 1,460 0 0 30 0
Bisayan languages 6,205 335 0 5,665 0 210 0 0
Bosnian 6,010 35 0 5,930 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 9,865 125 25 9,690 0 25 0 0
Burmese 1,965 25 0 1,915 0 25 0 0
Cantonese 276,865 4,915 110 269,210 0 2,550 50 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 255,610 4,530 355 248,920 75 1,620 85 25
Creoles 27,445 530 2,335 23,700 75 135 650 25
Croatian 17,550 125 15 17,330 0 75 0 0
Czech 5,660 20 0 5,625 0 0 0 0
Danish 740 45 0 690 0 0 0 0
Dutch 9,115 105 0 8,950 0 35 0 0
Estonian 1,230 0 0 1,215 0 0 0 0
Finnish 2,720 30 0 2,680 0 0 0 0
Flemish 350 0 0 325 0 0 0 0
Fukien 1,775 15 0 1,735 0 20 0 0
German 66,950 615 125 65,745 0 375 80 0
Greek 47,285 860 100 45,875 0 390 30 0
Gujarati 47,295 1,200 0 45,175 0 875 25 0
Hakka 1,900 75 0 1,795 0 15 0 0
Hebrew 6,630 380 190 5,945 0 90 0 0
Hindi 42,745 1,915 0 39,620 0 1,200 0 0
Hungarian 18,255 165 0 18,030 0 35 0 0
Ilocano 7,910 240 0 7,400 0 250 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,125 45 0 2,050 0 20 0 0
Italian 134,915 2,640 645 130,660 45 715 150 60
Japanese 15,805 495 50 15,055 0 165 30 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,355 195 200 10,820 0 95 35 0
Korean 92,645 1,645 15 90,460 0 520 0 0
Kurdish 5,095 70 0 4,875 0 145 0 0
Lao 7,065 190 150 6,650 0 50 0 0
Latvian 1,560 0 0 1,545 0 0 0 0
Lingala 1,030 0 135 850 0 0 40 0
Lithuanian 1,940 0 0 1,935 0 0 0 0
Macedonian 6,655 95 0 6,520 0 30 0 0
Malay 3,400 55 0 3,345 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 6,560 235 0 6,205 0 120 0 0
Maltese 1,075 45 0 1,005 0 20 0 0
Mandarin 179,320 1,805 75 176,580 0 835 0 0
Marathi 2,315 55 0 2,205 0 55 0 0
Nepali 6,260 25 0 6,180 0 50 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,960 105 55 2,720 0 50 20 0
Norwegian 360 0 0 350 0 0 0 0
Oromo 3,505 0 25 3,415 0 0 30 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 263,480 4,705 0 255,685 0 3,035 15 0
Pashto 6,405 60 0 6,265 0 55 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 103,845 1,315 170 101,545 0 690 70 40
Polish 79,145 1,085 100 77,555 0 365 20 0
Portuguese 90,225 1,880 275 87,315 0 620 125 0
Romanian 43,020 305 370 42,125 0 105 110 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,065 0 45 995 0 0 0 0
Russian 95,140 1,265 265 92,935 0 535 90 45
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 965 0 100 835 0 0 35 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10,250 80 0 10,120 0 55 0 0
Serbian 29,725 215 60 29,345 0 85 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,500 25 20 4,440 0 15 0 0
Shanghainese 1,410 20 0 1,360 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 4,575 1,780 245 2,345 0 170 30 0
Sindhi 4,245 260 0 3,910 0 70 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,080 165 0 5,760 0 145 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 2,405 0 0 2,405 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 885 75 0 805 0 0 0 0
Slovak 4,150 0 0 4,075 0 15 0 0
Slovenian 2,235 65 0 2,130 0 0 0 0
Somali 13,545 470 35 12,945 0 70 10 0
Spanish 202,630 4,205 2,095 194,390 30 1,400 450 60
Swahili 2,910 80 155 2,600 0 20 45 0
Swedish 805 35 0 755 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 175,685 6,965 0 162,525 0 6,155 35 0
Taiwanese 4,850 25 0 4,835 0 0 0 0
Tamil 90,805 2,820 100 86,325 0 1,495 45 0
Telugu 4,210 260 0 3,815 0 135 0 0
Thai 2,645 45 0 2,550 0 40 0 0
Tibetan languages 3,160 30 0 3,075 0 55 0 0
Tigrigna 4,025 75 0 3,925 0 0 0 0
Turkish 14,930 175 90 14,515 0 125 30 0
Ukrainian 21,750 380 30 21,185 0 140 0 0
Urdu 81,345 1,990 15 77,290 0 2,015 30 0
Vietnamese 96,085 2,825 1,265 90,770 30 800 380 20
Yiddish 3,720 90 0 3,585 0 30 0 0
Other languagesFootnote 5 22,745 1,475 370 20,055 0 685 165 0
Multiple responses 699,165 50,760 37,485 481,745 8,545 100,700 18,445 1,490
English and French 48,085 8,535 26,625 3,720 8,235 250 490 225
English and non-official language 571,250 41,460 1,495 426,065 115 99,650 2,025 440
French and non-official language 71,695 380 8,680 47,055 55 345 14,965 215
English, French and non-official language 8,135 390 685 4,900 135 455 965 610

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011041.

Date modified: