2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011 (432), Labour Force Status (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (7), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (9B), Location of Study (5), Age Groups (8B) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details major field of study - classification of instructional programs 2011 , labour force status , highest certificate, diploma or degree , immigrant status and period of immigration , location of study , age groups and sex for the population aged 15 years and over, in private households in CanadaFootnote 3
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 4 = 26.1 %
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011 (432) Labour force status (8)
Total - Labour force statusFootnote 5 In the labour force Employed Unemployed Not in the labour force Participation rate Employment rate Unemployment rate
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 6 27,259,525 17,990,080 16,595,035 1,395,050 9,269,445 66.0 60.9 7.8
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 7 12,454,335 6,713,720 5,979,595 734,130 5,740,610 53.9 48.0 10.9
Education 1,109,460 733,605 706,695 26,910 375,850 66.1 63.7 3.7
13. Education 1,109,460 733,605 706,695 26,910 375,855 66.1 63.7 3.7
13.01 Education, general 707,770 454,455 438,290 16,160 253,315 64.2 61.9 3.6
13.02 Bilingual, multilingual and multicultural education 610 470 430 35 140 77.0 70.5 7.4
13.03 Curriculum and instruction 2,110 1,375 1,335 45 730 65.2 63.3 3.3
13.04 Educational administration and supervision 18,360 11,550 11,270 285 6,810 62.9 61.4 2.5
13.05 Educational/instructional media design 1,885 1,385 1,330 55 500 73.5 70.6 4.0
13.06 Educational assessment, evaluation and research 595 405 385 20 190 68.1 64.7 4.9
13.07 International and comparative education 100 65 60 0 40 65.0 60.0 0
13.09 Social and philosophical foundations of education 415 275 270 0 140 66.3 65.1 0
13.10 Special education and teaching 49,770 39,050 38,220 825 10,725 78.5 76.8 2.1
13.11 Student counselling and personnel services 11,265 8,445 8,105 340 2,815 75.0 71.9 4.0
13.12 Teacher education and professional development, specific levels and methods 140,740 90,655 87,095 3,560 50,085 64.4 61.9 3.9
13.13 Teacher education and professional development, specific subject areas 133,040 93,440 89,440 4,005 39,595 70.2 67.2 4.3
13.14 Teaching English or French as a second or foreign language 7,760 6,105 5,695 410 1,655 78.7 73.4 6.7
13.15 Teaching assistants/aides 28,535 23,950 22,965 985 4,590 83.9 80.5 4.1
13.99 Education, other 6,495 1,975 1,800 175 4,525 30.4 27.7 8.9
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 548,630 431,235 399,535 31,700 117,395 78.6 72.8 7.4
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 92,365 71,470 66,255 5,215 20,895 77.4 71.7 7.3
10.01 Communications technology/technician 3,170 2,000 1,845 155 1,170 63.1 58.2 7.8
10.02 Audiovisual communications technologies/technicians 39,835 34,630 32,315 2,315 5,210 86.9 81.1 6.7
10.03 Graphic communications 45,780 33,000 30,360 2,630 12,785 72.1 66.3 8.0
10.99 Communications technologies/technicians and support services, other 3,580 1,845 1,735 110 1,730 51.5 48.5 6.0
50. Visual and performing arts 456,265 359,765 333,280 26,485 96,500 78.9 73.0 7.4
50.01 Visual, digital and performing arts, general 14,690 11,740 10,710 1,030 2,955 79.9 72.9 8.8
50.02 Crafts/craft design, folk art and artisanry 1,360 855 780 75 505 62.9 57.4 8.8
50.03 Dance 4,680 3,720 3,520 200 965 79.5 75.2 5.4
50.04 Design and applied arts 172,430 139,125 129,220 9,905 33,305 80.7 74.9 7.1
50.05 Drama/theatre arts and stagecraft 31,495 26,930 24,725 2,205 4,565 85.5 78.5 8.2
50.06 Film/video and photographic arts 47,865 39,535 36,230 3,305 8,330 82.6 75.7 8.4
50.07 Fine arts and art studies 114,365 84,865 78,200 6,660 29,500 74.2 68.4 7.8
50.09 Music 66,510 50,600 47,685 2,915 15,910 76.1 71.7 5.8
50.10 Arts, entertainment, and media management 2,570 2,140 1,965 175 435 83.3 76.5 8.2
50.99 Visual and performing arts, other 295 265 240 20 30 89.8 81.4 7.5
Humanities 821,590 598,805 557,280 41,530 222,785 72.9 67.8 6.9
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 80,350 56,455 52,485 3,975 23,900 70.3 65.3 7.0
16.01 Linguistic, comparative and related language studies and services 55,110 40,275 37,675 2,605 14,835 73.1 68.4 6.5
16.02 African languages, literatures and linguistics 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16.03 East Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 4,755 2,575 2,365 215 2,175 54.2 49.7 8.3
16.04 Slavic, Baltic and Albanian languages, literatures and linguistics 1,755 1,090 1,025 60 665 62.1 58.4 5.5
16.05 Germanic languages, literatures and linguistics 2,780 1,685 1,570 115 1,095 60.6 56.5 6.8
16.06 Modern Greek language and literature 50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16.07 South Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 1,925 1,210 985 225 710 62.9 51.2 18.6
16.08 Iranian languages, literatures and linguistics 245 130 120 0 115 53.1 49.0 0
16.09 Romance languages, literatures and linguistics 4,215 2,945 2,730 215 1,270 69.9 64.8 7.3
16.10 Aboriginal languages, literatures and linguistics 225 175 165 15 50 77.8 73.3 8.6
16.11 Middle/Near Eastern and Semitic languages, literatures and linguistics 960 465 390 70 500 48.4 40.6 15.1
16.12 Classics and classical languages, literatures and linguistics 2,760 1,770 1,670 95 990 64.1 60.5 5.4
16.13 Celtic languages, literatures and linguistics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16.14 Southeast Asian and Australasian/Pacific languages, literatures and linguistics 95 50 50 0 35 52.6 52.6 0
16.15 Turkic, Uralic-Altaic, Caucasian and Central Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 45 30 25 0 15 66.7 55.6 0
16.16 Sign language 2,415 1,975 1,830 140 445 81.8 75.8 7.1
16.17 Second language learning 2,295 1,575 1,430 150 715 68.6 62.3 9.5
16.99 Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics, other 695 480 440 40 210 69.1 63.3 8.3
23. English language and literature/letters 140,595 100,570 93,300 7,270 40,025 71.5 66.4 7.2
23.01 English language and literature, general 92,120 66,425 61,965 4,465 25,690 72.1 67.3 6.7
23.13 English rhetoric and composition/writing studies 5,300 4,500 4,150 345 805 84.9 78.3 7.7
23.14 English literature 42,090 29,030 26,635 2,395 13,065 69.0 63.3 8.3
23.99 English language and literature/letters, other 1,080 620 560 60 460 57.4 51.9 9.7
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 336,155 251,350 232,575 18,775 84,805 74.8 69.2 7.5
24.01 Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 336,150 251,355 232,580 18,775 84,805 74.8 69.2 7.5
30.13 Medieval and renaissance studies 465 355 330 25 110 76.3 71.0 7.0
30.21 Holocaust and related studies 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30.22 Classical and ancient studies 2,540 1,930 1,740 185 610 76.0 68.5 9.6
30.29 Maritime studies 170 155 145 0 20 91.2 85.3 0
38. Philosophy and religious studies 45,550 32,640 30,255 2,385 12,910 71.7 66.4 7.3
38.00 Philosophy and religious studies, general 830 580 535 45 245 69.9 64.5 7.8
38.01 Philosophy, logic and ethics 25,805 18,805 17,360 1,445 7,000 72.9 67.3 7.7
38.02 Religion/religious studies 18,680 13,095 12,210 890 5,590 70.1 65.4 6.8
38.99 Philosophy and religious studies, other 230 160 145 0 75 69.6 63.0 0
39. Theology and religious vocations 77,915 54,560 52,170 2,395 23,355 70.0 67.0 4.4
39.02 Bible/Biblical studies 10,845 7,850 7,400 450 2,995 72.4 68.2 5.7
39.03 Missions/missionary studies and missiology 995 665 650 15 330 66.8 65.3 2.3
39.04 Religious education 8,110 5,420 5,180 240 2,695 66.8 63.9 4.4
39.05 Religious/sacred music 430 370 345 25 60 86.0 80.2 6.8
39.06 Theological and ministerial studies 52,315 36,840 35,380 1,465 15,470 70.4 67.6 4.0
39.07 Pastoral counselling and specialized ministries 4,675 3,105 2,910 195 1,570 66.4 62.2 6.3
39.99 Theology and religious vocations, other 550 315 310 0 235 57.3 56.4 0
54. History 89,835 66,915 62,495 4,420 22,915 74.5 69.6 6.6
54.01 History 89,830 66,915 62,495 4,420 22,920 74.5 69.6 6.6
55. French language and literature/letters 47,995 33,860 31,770 2,095 14,135 70.5 66.2 6.2
55.01 French language and literature, general 30,605 20,790 19,475 1,320 9,815 67.9 63.6 6.3
55.13 French rhetoric and composition/writing studies 1,895 1,565 1,515 50 335 82.6 79.9 3.2
55.14 French literature 15,165 11,310 10,600 710 3,855 74.6 69.9 6.3
55.99 French language and literature/letters, other 330 190 180 0 135 57.6 54.5 0
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,497,755 1,187,795 1,117,285 70,505 309,965 79.3 74.6 5.9
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 17,815 14,100 12,965 1,135 3,710 79.1 72.8 8.0
05.01 Area studies 11,075 8,635 7,960 675 2,435 78.0 71.9 7.8
05.02 Ethnic, cultural minority, gender, and group studies 6,605 5,350 4,905 450 1,250 81.0 74.3 8.4
05.99 Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies, other 135 120 105 0 20 88.9 77.8 0
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 156,350 132,635 124,015 8,625 23,715 84.8 79.3 6.5
09.01 Communication and media studies 70,625 60,325 56,510 3,810 10,310 85.4 80.0 6.3
09.04 Journalism 39,470 32,920 30,720 2,200 6,550 83.4 77.8 6.7
09.07 Radio, television and digital communication 11,795 9,795 9,205 590 2,005 83.0 78.0 6.0
09.09 Public relations, advertising and applied communication 31,575 27,255 25,390 1,865 4,320 86.3 80.4 6.8
09.10 Publishing 1,675 1,375 1,270 105 300 82.1 75.8 7.6
09.99 Communication, journalism and related programs, other 1,210 975 920 50 235 80.6 76.0 5.1
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 296,820 220,505 207,630 12,880 76,315 74.3 70.0 5.8
19.00 Work and family studies 4,575 3,315 3,065 250 1,260 72.5 67.0 7.5
19.01 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences, general 18,375 8,355 7,740 620 10,015 45.5 42.1 7.4
19.02 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences business services 1,930 1,675 1,650 20 260 86.8 85.5 1.2
19.04 Family and consumer economics and related services 75 50 50 0 25 66.7 66.7 0
19.05 Foods, nutrition and related services 29,930 23,690 22,165 1,525 6,245 79.2 74.1 6.4
19.06 Housing and human environments 10,450 8,110 7,565 545 2,335 77.6 72.4 6.7
19.07 Human development, family studies and related services 196,985 158,620 150,035 8,590 38,370 80.5 76.2 5.4
19.09 Apparel and textiles 33,420 16,020 14,740 1,280 17,400 47.9 44.1 8.0
19.99 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences, other 1,085 675 615 55 415 62.2 56.7 8.1
22. Legal professions and studies 263,775 215,370 204,185 11,185 48,405 81.6 77.4 5.2
22.00 Non-professional general legal studies (undergraduate) 5,600 4,705 4,370 335 895 84.0 78.0 7.1
22.01 Law (LLB, JD, BCL) 127,755 104,630 100,005 4,630 23,125 81.9 78.3 4.4
22.02 Legal research and advanced professional studies (post-LLB/JD) 26,485 21,420 20,275 1,145 5,070 80.9 76.6 5.3
22.03 Legal support services 103,315 84,155 79,085 5,065 19,155 81.5 76.5 6.0
22.99 Legal professions and studies, other 620 460 455 10 160 74.2 73.4 2.2
30.05 Peace studies and conflict resolution 1,685 1,385 1,285 100 300 82.2 76.3 7.2
30.10 Biopsychology 1,605 1,280 1,125 155 325 79.8 70.1 12.1
30.11 Gerontology 10,585 7,105 6,675 430 3,480 67.1 63.1 6.1
30.14 Museology/museum studies 2,410 2,015 1,935 80 395 83.6 80.3 4.0
30.15 Science, technology and society 75 60 60 0 0 80.0 80.0 0
30.17 Behavioural sciences 3,090 2,385 2,240 150 700 77.2 72.5 6.3
30.20 International/global studies 4,265 3,470 3,105 370 800 81.4 72.8 10.7
30.23 Intercultural/multicultural and diversity studies 670 530 480 50 145 79.1 71.6 9.4
30.25 Cognitive science 625 480 445 40 140 76.8 71.2 8.3
30.26 Cultural studies/critical theory and analysis 1,670 1,325 1,250 75 340 79.3 74.9 5.7
30.28 Dispute resolution 975 840 775 65 135 86.2 79.5 7.7
30.31 Human computer interaction 90 90 90 0 0 100.0 100.0 0
30.33 Sustainability studies 365 305 285 25 55 83.6 78.1 8.2
42. Psychology 222,515 174,935 165,595 9,340 47,580 78.6 74.4 5.3
42.01 Psychology, general 179,795 141,105 133,285 7,820 38,695 78.5 74.1 5.5
42.27 Research and experimental psychology 13,080 9,720 8,985 735 3,360 74.3 68.7 7.6
42.28 Clinical, counselling and applied psychology 28,095 22,830 22,160 665 5,265 81.3 78.9 2.9
42.99 Psychology, other 1,550 1,280 1,165 120 265 82.6 75.2 9.4
45. Social sciences 512,360 408,955 383,150 25,805 103,405 79.8 74.8 6.3
45.01 Social sciences, general 35,515 27,080 25,180 1,900 8,435 76.2 70.9 7.0
45.02 Anthropology 22,615 17,555 16,260 1,295 5,065 77.6 71.9 7.4
45.03 Archaeology 4,830 3,845 3,400 445 985 79.6 70.4 11.6
45.04 Criminology 38,785 34,130 32,540 1,590 4,655 88.0 83.9 4.7
45.05 Demography and population studies 730 575 540 35 155 78.8 74.0 6.1
45.06 Economics 156,905 122,265 114,295 7,970 34,635 77.9 72.8 6.5
45.07 Geography and cartography 62,935 50,800 47,965 2,840 12,135 80.7 76.2 5.6
45.09 International relations and national security studies 10,420 8,515 7,805 705 1,910 81.7 74.9 8.3
45.10 Political science and government 94,455 77,010 72,035 4,975 17,445 81.5 76.3 6.5
45.11 Sociology 80,755 63,580 59,730 3,850 17,175 78.7 74.0 6.1
45.12 Urban studies/affairs 1,650 1,385 1,315 70 270 83.9 79.7 5.1
45.13 Sociology and anthropology 2,240 1,785 1,705 75 455 79.7 76.1 4.2
45.14 Rural sociology 45 35 35 0 0 77.8 77.8 0
45.99 Social sciences, other 480 410 350 65 70 85.4 72.9 15.9
Business, management and public administration 3,187,570 2,459,080 2,323,360 135,720 728,490 77.1 72.9 5.5
30.16 Accounting and computer science 6,140 4,420 4,065 355 1,720 72.0 66.2 8.0
44. Public administration and social service professions 210,855 168,160 159,340 8,820 42,695 79.8 75.6 5.2
44.00 Human services, general 41,430 33,345 30,990 2,360 8,085 80.5 74.8 7.1
44.02 Community organization and advocacy 305 250 245 0 60 82.0 80.3 0
44.04 Public administration 25,170 19,245 18,350 895 5,920 76.5 72.9 4.7
44.05 Public policy analysis 2,515 2,230 2,075 160 285 88.7 82.5 7.2
44.07 Social work 139,035 111,475 106,120 5,355 27,560 80.2 76.3 4.8
44.99 Public administration and social service professions, other 2,410 1,615 1,565 45 790 67.0 64.9 2.8
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 2,970,575 2,286,500 2,159,950 126,550 684,075 77.0 72.7 5.5
52.01 Business/commerce, general 467,895 361,625 342,850 18,780 106,265 77.3 73.3 5.2
52.02 Business administration, management and operations 677,825 556,300 527,000 29,300 121,520 82.1 77.7 5.3
52.03 Accounting and related services 579,085 441,795 417,675 24,120 137,285 76.3 72.1 5.5
52.04 Business operations support and assistant services 470,410 293,935 275,480 18,460 176,475 62.5 58.6 6.3
52.05 Business/corporate communications 2,515 2,080 1,920 155 440 82.7 76.3 7.5
52.06 Business/managerial economics 13,885 11,460 10,555 900 2,430 82.5 76.0 7.9
52.07 Entrepreneurial and small business operations 7,705 6,305 5,725 585 1,400 81.8 74.3 9.3
52.08 Finance and financial management services 161,495 131,930 125,165 6,765 29,565 81.7 77.5 5.1
52.09 Hospitality administration/management 98,180 81,090 75,570 5,520 17,100 82.6 77.0 6.8
52.10 Human resources management and services 99,430 83,760 79,185 4,575 15,670 84.2 79.6 5.5
52.11 International business/trade/commerce 17,975 14,365 13,055 1,305 3,610 79.9 72.6 9.1
52.12 Management information systems and services 13,555 11,965 11,305 665 1,585 88.3 83.4 5.6
52.13 Management sciences and quantitative methods 10,340 8,920 8,550 370 1,425 86.3 82.7 4.1
52.14 Marketing 111,990 97,410 91,995 5,415 14,575 87.0 82.1 5.6
52.15 Real estate 71,650 51,600 49,655 1,945 20,050 72.0 69.3 3.8
52.16 Taxation 3,285 2,740 2,660 90 540 83.4 81.0 3.3
52.17 Insurance 46,180 34,780 33,290 1,490 11,400 75.3 72.1 4.3
52.18 General sales, merchandising and related marketing operations 31,590 23,490 21,865 1,630 8,100 74.4 69.2 6.9
52.19 Specialized sales, merchandising and marketing operations 79,545 65,900 61,725 4,170 13,650 82.8 77.6 6.3
52.20 Construction management 4,390 3,760 3,565 195 630 85.6 81.2 5.2
52.21 Telecommunications management 205 160 135 30 45 78.0 65.9 18.8
52.99 Business, management, marketing and related support services, other 1,450 1,135 1,035 100 320 78.3 71.4 8.8
Physical and life sciences and technologies 554,675 419,335 392,060 27,280 135,340 75.6 70.7 6.5
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 197,590 154,345 144,345 10,005 43,245 78.1 73.1 6.5
26.01 Biology, general 84,950 66,005 61,490 4,510 18,945 77.7 72.4 6.8
26.02 Biochemistry/biophysics and molecular biology 35,195 27,615 25,885 1,730 7,585 78.5 73.5 6.3
26.03 Botany/plant biology 6,315 4,530 4,320 215 1,785 71.7 68.4 4.7
26.04 Cell/cellular biology and anatomical sciences 3,960 3,040 2,830 205 925 76.8 71.5 6.7
26.05 Microbiological sciences and immunology 18,200 14,045 13,180 860 4,155 77.2 72.4 6.1
26.07 Zoology/animal biology 9,050 7,020 6,610 410 2,025 77.6 73.0 5.8
26.08 Genetics 4,345 3,435 3,215 215 910 79.1 74.0 6.3
26.09 Physiology, pathology and related sciences 7,295 5,470 5,190 280 1,820 75.0 71.1 5.1
26.10 Pharmacology and toxicology 5,600 4,490 4,215 275 1,105 80.2 75.3 6.1
26.11 Biomathematics, bioinformatics, and computational biology 1,030 840 730 110 190 81.6 70.9 13.1
26.12 Biotechnology 4,975 4,075 3,670 405 905 81.9 73.8 9.9
26.13 Ecology, evolution, systematics and population biology 12,355 10,335 9,750 580 2,020 83.7 78.9 5.6
26.14 Molecular medicine 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
26.15 Neurobiology and neurosciences 4,305 3,440 3,240 195 870 79.9 75.3 5.7
26.99 Biological and biomedical sciences, other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 142,750 107,865 100,640 7,225 34,890 75.6 70.5 6.7
30.18 Natural sciences 18,115 12,420 10,895 1,525 5,695 68.6 60.1 12.3
30.19 Nutrition sciences 2,130 1,615 1,540 80 510 75.8 72.3 5.0
30.27 Human biology 1,130 915 840 70 215 81.0 74.3 7.7
30.32 Marine sciences 325 275 245 35 45 84.6 75.4 12.7
40. Physical sciences 158,920 117,825 110,655 7,170 41,090 74.1 69.6 6.1
40.01 Physical sciences, general 10,320 8,185 7,620 565 2,140 79.3 73.8 6.9
40.02 Astronomy and astrophysics 1,930 1,580 1,525 55 355 81.9 79.0 3.5
40.04 Atmospheric sciences and meteorology 3,175 2,145 2,035 110 1,030 67.6 64.1 5.1
40.05 Chemistry 66,340 47,925 44,870 3,060 18,415 72.2 67.6 6.4
40.06 Geological and Earth sciences/geosciences 35,765 28,165 26,520 1,645 7,595 78.8 74.2 5.8
40.08 Physics 34,690 25,000 23,545 1,460 9,695 72.1 67.9 5.8
40.10 Materials sciences 1,285 1,065 995 75 215 82.9 77.4 7.0
40.99 Physical sciences, other 5,415 3,755 3,550 205 1,655 69.3 65.6 5.5
41. Science technologies/technicians 33,715 24,065 22,895 1,170 9,650 71.4 67.9 4.9
41.00 Science technologies/technicians, general 16,435 11,085 10,640 445 5,345 67.4 64.7 4.0
41.01 Biology technician/biotechnology laboratory technician 2,440 1,860 1,725 135 585 76.2 70.7 7.3
41.02 Nuclear and industrial radiologic technologies/technicians 785 450 420 25 335 57.3 53.5 5.6
41.03 Physical science technologies/technicians 13,390 10,110 9,565 550 3,280 75.5 71.4 5.4
41.99 Science technologies/technicians, other 670 565 550 15 105 84.3 82.1 2.7
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 601,705 501,485 471,835 29,655 100,215 83.3 78.4 5.9
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 478,670 411,760 387,095 24,660 66,915 86.0 80.9 6.0
11.01 Computer and information sciences and support services, general 128,065 108,030 101,020 7,010 20,035 84.4 78.9 6.5
11.02 Computer programming 57,180 48,170 45,225 2,950 9,005 84.2 79.1 6.1
11.03 Data processing and data processing technology/technician 4,290 3,385 3,195 190 910 78.9 74.5 5.6
11.04 Information science/studies 2,865 2,455 2,210 245 415 85.7 77.1 10.0
11.05 Computer systems analysis/analyst 16,570 14,590 13,685 905 1,980 88.1 82.6 6.2
11.06 Data entry/microcomputer applications 14,630 10,965 9,795 1,170 3,660 74.9 67.0 10.7
11.07 Computer science 195,025 171,960 164,205 7,750 23,070 88.2 84.2 4.5
11.08 Computer software and media applications 20,660 18,035 16,435 1,600 2,630 87.3 79.5 8.9
11.09 Computer systems networking and telecommunications 435 350 315 40 80 80.5 72.4 11.4
11.10 Computer/information technology administration and management 33,750 29,640 27,140 2,495 4,120 87.8 80.4 8.4
11.99 Computer and information sciences and support services, other 5,200 4,190 3,870 315 1,015 80.6 74.4 7.5
25. Library science 41,890 29,320 27,970 1,350 12,565 70.0 66.8 4.6
25.01 Library science and administration 25,145 17,145 16,280 865 8,000 68.2 64.7 5.0
25.03 Library and archives assisting 16,630 12,090 11,605 485 4,545 72.7 69.8 4.0
25.99 Library science, other 105 85 90 0 20 81.0 85.7 0
27. Mathematics and statistics 74,915 55,045 51,635 3,415 19,870 73.5 68.9 6.2
27.01 Mathematics 59,245 42,765 40,145 2,615 16,485 72.2 67.8 6.1
27.03 Applied mathematics 5,250 4,135 3,940 195 1,115 78.8 75.0 4.7
27.05 Statistics 10,300 8,100 7,505 595 2,200 78.6 72.9 7.3
27.99 Mathematics and statistics, other 120 45 35 0 75 37.5 29.2 0
30.06 Systems science and theory 135 125 125 0 0 92.6 92.6 0
30.08 Mathematics and computer science 5,855 5,025 4,800 225 830 85.8 82.0 4.5
30.30 Computational science 240 220 210 0 20 91.7 87.5 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,193,970 2,465,245 2,305,150 160,095 728,725 77.2 72.2 6.5
04. Architecture and related services 101,430 83,905 79,015 4,890 17,530 82.7 77.9 5.8
04.02 Architecture (BArch, BA, BS, BSc, MArch, MA, MS, MSc, PhD) 41,350 32,575 30,340 2,240 8,770 78.8 73.4 6.9
04.03 City/urban, community and regional planning 20,005 17,275 16,330 950 2,730 86.4 81.6 5.5
04.04 Environmental design/architecture 2,140 1,855 1,725 130 280 86.7 80.6 7.0
04.05 Interior architecture 655 480 410 70 175 73.3 62.6 14.6
04.06 Landscape architecture (BS, BSc, BSLA, BLA, MSLA, MLA, PhD) 3,865 3,275 3,070 205 590 84.7 79.4 6.3
04.08 Architectural history and criticism 115 95 90 0 20 82.6 78.3 0
04.09 Architectural sciences and technology 32,205 27,400 26,145 1,255 4,810 85.1 81.2 4.6
04.10 Real estate development 110 100 95 0 0 90.9 86.4 0
04.99 Architecture and related services, other 990 845 815 35 145 85.4 82.3 4.1
14. Engineering 722,005 578,620 546,500 32,115 143,385 80.1 75.7 5.6
14.01 Engineering, general 149,820 119,790 114,510 5,280 30,030 80.0 76.4 4.4
14.02 Aerospace, aeronautical and astronautical/space engineering 9,640 7,675 7,205 465 1,965 79.6 74.7 6.1
14.03 Agricultural engineering 5,595 4,060 3,720 345 1,530 72.6 66.5 8.5
14.04 Architectural engineering 1,565 1,005 900 110 555 64.2 57.5 10.9
14.05 Bioengineering and biomedical engineering 3,145 2,565 2,375 195 575 81.6 75.5 7.6
14.06 Ceramic sciences and engineering 120 110 110 0 15 91.7 91.7 0
14.07 Chemical engineering 38,415 29,545 27,930 1,615 8,875 76.9 72.7 5.5
14.08 Civil engineering 94,470 73,495 69,635 3,860 20,975 77.8 73.7 5.3
14.09 Computer engineering 42,180 37,070 34,865 2,205 5,110 87.9 82.7 5.9
14.10 Electrical, electronics and communications engineering 145,165 117,180 110,320 6,860 27,985 80.7 76.0 5.9
14.11 Engineering mechanics 595 465 455 0 125 78.2 76.5 0
14.12 Engineering physics/applied physics 4,480 3,280 3,090 190 1,200 73.2 69.0 5.8
14.13 Engineering science 1,445 1,060 990 60 395 73.4 68.5 5.7
14.14 Environmental/environmental health engineering 5,845 5,025 4,725 295 820 86.0 80.8 5.9
14.18 Materials engineering 3,060 2,365 2,180 185 695 77.3 71.2 7.8
14.19 Mechanical engineering 115,430 93,980 88,850 5,130 21,445 81.4 77.0 5.5
14.20 Metallurgical engineering 3,735 2,805 2,645 170 930 75.1 70.8 6.1
14.21 Mining and mineral engineering 6,580 4,910 4,560 355 1,670 74.6 69.3 7.2
14.22 Naval architecture and marine engineering 4,535 3,465 3,310 155 1,070 76.4 73.0 4.5
14.23 Nuclear engineering 1,125 815 760 55 305 72.4 67.6 6.7
14.24 Ocean engineering 100 75 70 0 30 75.0 70.0 0
14.25 Petroleum engineering 4,980 3,980 3,715 265 1,000 79.9 74.6 6.7
14.27 Systems engineering 2,655 2,315 2,165 150 340 87.2 81.5 6.5
14.28 Textile sciences and engineering 1,025 650 580 70 375 63.4 56.6 10.8
14.32 Polymer/plastics engineering 510 430 370 60 80 84.3 72.5 14.0
14.33 Construction engineering 10,210 8,100 7,325 780 2,110 79.3 71.7 9.6
14.34 Forest engineering 2,725 2,060 2,010 50 660 75.6 73.8 2.4
14.35 Industrial engineering 17,205 14,200 13,290 910 3,005 82.5 77.2 6.4
14.36 Manufacturing engineering 2,820 2,405 2,270 135 415 85.3 80.5 5.6
14.37 Operations research 895 745 720 20 150 83.2 80.4 2.7
14.38 Surveying engineering 5,375 4,240 4,110 130 1,135 78.9 76.5 3.1
14.39 Geological/geophysical engineering 3,340 2,570 2,450 120 770 76.9 73.4 4.7
14.40 Paper science and engineering 165 135 125 0 30 81.8 75.8 0
14.41 Electromechanical engineering 2,110 1,670 1,520 150 440 79.1 72.0 9.0
14.42 Mechatronics, robotics, and automation engineering 4,460 3,765 3,520 240 695 84.4 78.9 6.4
14.43 Biochemical engineering 360 295 260 30 65 81.9 72.2 10.2
14.44 Engineering chemistry 565 410 370 40 155 72.6 65.5 9.8
14.45 Biological/biosystems engineering 605 515 475 40 90 85.1 78.5 7.8
14.99 Engineering, other 24,935 19,390 18,010 1,375 5,545 77.8 72.2 7.1
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 613,105 475,405 446,870 28,535 137,700 77.5 72.9 6.0
15.00 Engineering technology, general 58,485 40,795 38,610 2,185 17,690 69.8 66.0 5.4
15.01 Architectural engineering technology/technician 1,175 1,005 950 60 170 85.5 80.9 6.0
15.02 Civil engineering technology/technician 46,170 37,305 35,375 1,930 8,865 80.8 76.6 5.2
15.03 Electrical and electronic engineering technologies/technicians 172,465 129,445 122,400 7,040 43,015 75.1 71.0 5.4
15.04 Electromechanical and instrumentation and maintenance technologies/technicians 46,495 38,820 36,820 2,005 7,675 83.5 79.2 5.2
15.05 Environmental control technologies/technicians 20,740 17,505 16,170 1,335 3,235 84.4 78.0 7.6
15.06 Industrial production technologies/technicians 23,845 19,210 18,055 1,155 4,635 80.6 75.7 6.0
15.07 Quality control and safety technologies/technicians 16,950 13,305 12,185 1,115 3,645 78.5 71.9 8.4
15.08 Mechanical engineering related technologies/technicians 65,585 49,960 47,240 2,720 15,620 76.2 72.0 5.4
15.09 Mining and petroleum technologies/technicians 30,690 25,270 22,830 2,440 5,420 82.3 74.4 9.7
15.10 Construction engineering technology/technician 8,880 7,360 6,940 420 1,515 82.9 78.2 5.7
15.11 Engineering-related technologies 14,975 10,970 10,090 880 4,010 73.3 67.4 8.0
15.12 Computer engineering technologies/technicians 49,055 42,135 39,415 2,720 6,910 85.9 80.3 6.5
15.13 Drafting/design engineering technologies/technicians 49,555 35,900 33,810 2,095 13,655 72.4 68.2 5.8
15.14 Nuclear engineering technology/technician 40 25 25 0 20 62.5 62.5 0
15.15 Engineering-related fields 885 645 615 30 240 72.9 69.5 4.7
15.16 Nanotechnology 240 115 95 20 125 47.9 39.6 17.4
15.99 Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields, other 6,870 5,645 5,245 400 1,225 82.2 76.3 7.1
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 385 330 325 0 55 85.7 84.4 0
46. Construction trades 608,670 463,870 423,255 40,615 144,805 76.2 69.5 8.8
46.00 Construction trades, general 33,920 27,310 24,530 2,780 6,610 80.5 72.3 10.2
46.01 Masonry/mason 23,120 15,815 14,415 1,400 7,300 68.4 62.3 8.9
46.02 Carpentry/carpenter 141,765 110,855 99,760 11,095 30,910 78.2 70.4 10.0
46.03 Electrical and power transmission installers 205,430 155,010 143,300 11,705 50,420 75.5 69.8 7.6
46.04 Building/construction finishing, management and inspection 81,075 62,515 56,885 5,625 18,555 77.1 70.2 9.0
46.05 Plumbing and related water supply services 118,085 88,365 80,665 7,705 29,725 74.8 68.3 8.7
46.99 Construction trades, other 5,280 3,990 3,690 300 1,290 75.6 69.9 7.5
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 746,475 566,965 535,855 31,110 179,510 76.0 71.8 5.5
47.00 Mechanics and repairers, general 90,510 66,595 62,930 3,665 23,920 73.6 69.5 5.5
47.01 Electrical/electronics maintenance and repair technology 50,465 36,600 34,410 2,195 13,860 72.5 68.2 6.0
47.02 Heating, air conditioning, ventilation and refrigeration maintenance technology/technician 42,130 33,870 31,955 1,915 8,260 80.4 75.8 5.7
47.03 Heavy/industrial equipment maintenance technologies 134,715 104,250 98,565 5,685 30,460 77.4 73.2 5.5
47.04 Precision systems maintenance and repair technologies 20,680 15,555 14,830 725 5,125 75.2 71.7 4.7
47.05 Stationary energy sources installer and operator 55,500 39,505 37,795 1,710 15,995 71.2 68.1 4.3
47.06 Vehicle maintenance and repair technologies 351,590 270,020 254,850 15,165 81,575 76.8 72.5 5.6
47.99 Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians, other 885 565 515 55 315 63.8 58.2 9.7
48. Precision production 401,905 296,155 273,330 22,830 105,745 73.7 68.0 7.7
48.00 Precision production trades, general 845 715 620 100 125 84.6 73.4 14.0
48.03 Leatherworking and upholstery 4,930 3,070 2,920 145 1,865 62.3 59.2 4.7
48.05 Precision metal working 330,620 244,575 225,930 18,645 86,040 74.0 68.3 7.6
48.07 Woodworking 52,390 38,690 35,500 3,190 13,700 73.8 67.8 8.2
48.08 Boilermaking/boilermaker 6,235 4,280 3,925 355 1,955 68.6 63.0 8.3
48.99 Precision production, other 6,885 4,835 4,440 395 2,055 70.2 64.5 8.2
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 326,230 262,305 246,070 16,235 63,930 80.4 75.4 6.2
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 201,375 159,515 151,885 7,630 41,860 79.2 75.4 4.8
01.00 Agriculture, general 65,560 50,635 48,940 1,695 14,925 77.2 74.6 3.3
01.01 Agricultural business and management 14,280 11,535 11,135 400 2,745 80.8 78.0 3.5
01.02 Agricultural mechanization 6,730 5,910 5,680 230 825 87.8 84.4 3.9
01.03 Agricultural production operations 16,310 13,220 12,600 625 3,085 81.1 77.3 4.7
01.04 Agricultural and food products processing 1,720 1,095 995 90 630 63.7 57.8 8.2
01.05 Agricultural and domestic animal services 7,680 6,340 5,920 420 1,340 82.6 77.1 6.6
01.06 Applied horticulture/horticultural business services 49,165 38,580 36,095 2,490 10,585 78.5 73.4 6.5
01.07 International agriculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
01.08 Agricultural public services 140 125 115 0 20 89.3 82.1 0
01.09 Animal sciences 12,800 10,605 10,020 590 2,200 82.9 78.3 5.6
01.10 Food science and technology 13,500 10,665 10,050 610 2,835 79.0 74.4 5.7
01.11 Plant sciences 11,045 9,050 8,620 430 1,995 81.9 78.0 4.8
01.12 Soil sciences 1,865 1,375 1,335 45 490 73.7 71.6 3.3
01.99 Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences, other 545 360 360 0 180 66.1 66.1 0
03. Natural resources and conservation 124,860 102,790 94,180 8,605 22,065 82.3 75.4 8.4
03.01 Natural resources conservation and research 39,110 33,720 31,265 2,455 5,385 86.2 79.9 7.3
03.02 Natural resources management and policy 19,770 16,880 15,390 1,495 2,890 85.4 77.8 8.9
03.03 Fishing and fisheries sciences and management 1,680 1,310 1,175 130 370 78.0 69.9 9.9
03.05 Forestry 58,940 46,155 42,110 4,045 12,785 78.3 71.4 8.8
03.06 Wildlife and wildlands science and management 5,305 4,680 4,200 475 630 88.2 79.2 10.1
03.99 Natural resources and conservation, other 50 45 30 10 0 90.0 60.0 22.2
Health and related fields 2,060,605 1,522,875 1,451,985 70,885 537,730 73.9 70.5 4.7
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 135,665 112,690 106,495 6,195 22,975 83.1 78.5 5.5
31.01 Parks, recreation and leisure studies 32,570 27,825 26,300 1,525 4,745 85.4 80.7 5.5
31.03 Parks, recreation and leisure facilities management 2,550 2,245 2,160 90 310 88.0 84.7 4.0
31.05 Health and physical education/fitness 98,500 80,765 76,325 4,440 17,735 82.0 77.5 5.5
31.06 Outdoor education 1,200 1,070 935 130 135 89.2 77.9 12.1
31.99 Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies, other 850 790 775 15 60 92.9 91.2 1.9
51. Health professions and related programs 1,898,085 1,389,405 1,325,325 64,080 508,680 73.2 69.8 4.6
51.00 Health services/allied health/health sciences, general 74,520 53,505 49,495 4,010 21,020 71.8 66.4 7.5
51.01 Chiropractic (DC) 8,405 7,515 7,420 95 890 89.4 88.3 1.3
51.02 Communication disorders sciences and services 13,065 11,055 10,815 245 2,005 84.6 82.8 2.2
51.04 Dentistry (DDS, DMD) 24,845 19,585 18,995 590 5,260 78.8 76.5 3.0
51.05 Advanced/graduate dentistry and oral sciences (Cert., MS, MSc, PhD) 4,405 3,210 3,040 165 1,200 72.9 69.0 5.1
51.06 Dental support services and allied professions 102,605 82,775 78,920 3,855 19,830 80.7 76.9 4.7
51.07 Health and medical administrative services 111,630 85,485 79,220 6,270 26,140 76.6 71.0 7.3
51.08 Allied health and medical assisting services 75,350 62,045 58,025 4,020 13,300 82.3 77.0 6.5
51.09 Allied health diagnostic, intervention and treatment professions 77,460 62,655 60,370 2,275 14,810 80.9 77.9 3.6
51.10 Clinical/medical laboratory science/research and allied professions 59,090 42,090 40,270 1,825 17,000 71.2 68.2 4.3
51.11 Health/medical preparatory programs 4,595 3,390 2,740 650 1,205 73.8 59.6 19.2
51.12 Medicine (MD) 80,995 64,895 62,830 2,065 16,105 80.1 77.6 3.2
51.14 Medical scientist (MS, MSc, PhD) 26,645 21,170 20,450 715 5,475 79.5 76.7 3.4
51.15 Mental and social health services and allied professions 24,105 18,080 16,925 1,155 6,020 75.0 70.2 6.4
51.17 Optometry (OD) 5,330 4,590 4,545 45 735 86.1 85.3 1.0
51.18 Ophthalmic and optometric support services and allied professions 13,275 10,685 10,395 290 2,595 80.5 78.3 2.7
51.19 Osteopathic medicine/osteopathy (DO) 720 690 690 0 35 95.8 95.8 0
51.20 Pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences and administration 50,490 39,990 38,625 1,370 10,500 79.2 76.5 3.4
51.21 Podiatric medicine/podiatry (DPM) 755 605 595 0 150 80.1 78.8 0
51.22 Public health 20,250 16,125 15,260 870 4,120 79.6 75.4 5.4
51.23 Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions 65,310 53,465 51,835 1,625 11,845 81.9 79.4 3.0
51.24 Veterinary medicine (DVM) 12,420 10,340 9,990 350 2,080 83.3 80.4 3.4
51.25 Veterinary biomedical and clinical sciences (Cert., MS, MSc, PhD) 2,710 2,105 2,010 90 605 77.7 74.2 4.3
51.26 Health aides/attendants/orderlies 246,990 184,580 172,595 11,985 62,405 74.7 69.9 6.5
51.27 Medical illustration and informatics 395 320 300 15 75 81.0 75.9 4.7
51.31 Dietetics and clinical nutrition services 18,345 14,050 13,480 565 4,300 76.6 73.5 4.0
51.32 Bioethics/medical ethics 370 350 350 0 20 94.6 94.6 0
51.33 Alternative and complementary medicine and medical systems 9,990 7,985 7,690 295 2,010 79.9 77.0 3.7
51.34 Alternative and complementary medical support services 8,770 6,860 6,495 370 1,910 78.2 74.1 5.4
51.35 Somatic bodywork and related therapeutic services 35,515 30,280 28,935 1,340 5,235 85.3 81.5 4.4
51.36 Movement and mind-body therapies 1,800 1,485 1,435 55 315 82.5 79.7 3.7
51.37 Energy-based and biologically-based therapies 1,595 1,170 1,080 85 425 73.4 67.7 7.3
51.38 Registered nursing, nursing administration, nursing research and clinical nursing 559,715 371,960 359,785 12,175 187,755 66.5 64.3 3.3
51.39 Practical nursing, vocational nursing and nursing assistants 154,725 93,585 89,040 4,550 61,135 60.5 57.5 4.9
51.99 Health professions and related clinical sciences, other 895 750 690 55 145 83.8 77.1 7.3
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 26,855 20,780 20,160 615 6,075 77.4 75.1 3.0
60.01 Dental residency programs 1,255 1,005 985 15 250 80.1 78.5 1.5
60.03 Veterinary residency programs 235 180 185 0 50 76.6 78.7 0
60.04 Medical residency programs - general certificates 20,070 15,475 15,080 400 4,590 77.1 75.1 2.6
60.05 Medical residency programs - subspecialty certificates 2,850 2,375 2,260 120 475 83.3 79.3 5.1
60.06 Podiatric medicine residency programs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
60.99 Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs, other 2,450 1,745 1,660 80 705 71.2 67.8 4.6
Personal, protective and transportation services 900,005 692,295 642,085 50,210 207,710 76.9 71.3 7.3
12. Personal and culinary services 510,615 379,405 353,895 25,510 131,215 74.3 69.3 6.7
12.03 Funeral service and mortuary science 5,860 4,705 4,545 155 1,160 80.3 77.6 3.3
12.04 Cosmetology and related personal grooming services 308,530 220,875 207,400 13,475 87,655 71.6 67.2 6.1
12.05 Culinary arts and related services 196,230 153,825 141,945 11,885 42,400 78.4 72.3 7.7
12.99 Personal and culinary services, other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 3,140 2,230 2,135 95 910 71.0 68.0 4.3
28.08 Military science, leadership and operational art 3,135 2,230 2,135 95 905 71.1 68.1 4.3
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 10,600 5,770 5,415 355 4,830 54.4 51.1 6.2
29.05 Military technologies and applied sciences 10,605 5,770 5,420 350 4,830 54.4 51.1 6.1
43. Security and protective services 184,445 153,395 144,915 8,480 31,055 83.2 78.6 5.5
43.01 Criminal justice and corrections 143,045 120,095 113,190 6,905 22,945 84.0 79.1 5.7
43.02 Fire protection 35,935 28,655 27,375 1,285 7,275 79.7 76.2 4.5
43.03 Security and protective services, specialized programs 2,830 2,540 2,345 205 280 89.8 82.9 8.1
43.99 Security and protective services, other 2,645 2,095 2,005 90 550 79.2 75.8 4.3
49. Transportation and materials moving 191,200 151,495 135,725 15,770 39,705 79.2 71.0 10.4
49.01 Air transportation 36,505 28,150 26,410 1,740 8,355 77.1 72.3 6.2
49.02 Ground transportation 125,755 102,285 90,255 12,025 23,470 81.3 71.8 11.8
49.03 Marine transportation 24,910 17,905 16,140 1,765 7,005 71.9 64.8 9.9
49.99 Transportation and materials moving, other 4,030 3,160 2,920 235 870 78.4 72.5 7.4
Other 2,995 2,295 2,100 200 695 76.6 70.1 8.7
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 2,995 2,300 2,095 195 695 76.8 69.9 8.5

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the hierarchy of the 'primary groupings' (a CIP variant) with detail for the 2-digit 'series' and the 4-digit 'sub-series.'
For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.
We recommend that users not make comparisons between categories of the CIP Canada 2011 and the CIP Canada 2000 classification systems on the basis of their labels. Even though many entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison could be inappropriate, given the numerous changes made at the detailed level to update the classification.

For comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011058.

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