2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Sociocultural and Education Characteristics (64), Labour Force Status (8), Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011-Skill-level category (7), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (7), Location of Study Compared with Province or Territory of Residence (6), Age Groups (5) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details selected sociocultural and education characteristics , labour force status , occupation - national occupational classification 2011-skill-level category , highest certificate, diploma or degree , location of study compared with province or territory of residence , age groups and sex for the population aged 15 years and over, in private households in CanadaFootnote 3
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 4 = 26.1 %
Selected sociocultural and education characteristics (64) Labour force status (8)
Total - Labour force statusFootnote 5 In the labour force Employed Unemployed Not in the labour force Participation rate Employment rate Unemployment rate
Total population aged 15 years and over by Aboriginal identityFootnote 6 27,259,525 17,990,085 16,595,035 1,395,050 9,269,440 66.0 60.9 7.8
Aboriginal identityFootnote 7 1,008,580 618,085 525,100 92,985 390,495 61.3 52.1 15.0
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 8 592,765 336,240 274,805 61,435 256,525 56.7 46.4 18.3
Métis single identity 347,380 239,320 214,545 24,770 108,055 68.9 61.8 10.4
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 39,280 23,635 19,015 4,620 15,645 60.2 48.4 19.5
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 9 7,690 4,995 4,355 635 2,695 65.0 56.6 12.7
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 10 21,465 13,895 12,380 1,515 7,570 64.7 57.7 10.9
Non-Aboriginal identity 26,250,940 17,371,995 16,069,930 1,302,065 8,878,945 66.2 61.2 7.5
Total population aged 15 years and over by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 11 27,259,525 17,990,080 16,595,030 1,395,050 9,269,445 66.0 60.9 7.8
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 12 489,705 269,750 216,530 53,220 219,950 55.1 44.2 19.7
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 26,769,820 17,720,325 16,378,505 1,341,825 9,049,495 66.2 61.2 7.6
Total population aged 15 years and over by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 13 27,259,520 17,990,080 16,595,030 1,395,050 9,269,440 66.0 60.9 7.8
Non-immigrantsFootnote 14 20,543,695 13,817,850 12,774,520 1,043,335 6,725,845 67.3 62.2 7.6
ImmigrantsFootnote 15 6,398,850 3,978,425 3,646,305 332,120 2,420,425 62.2 57.0 8.3
Before 1971 1,261,060 424,645 402,210 22,435 836,410 33.7 31.9 5.3
1971 to 1980 870,770 540,990 510,615 30,375 329,785 62.1 58.6 5.6
1981 to 1990 949,895 696,645 650,600 46,050 253,250 73.3 68.5 6.6
1991 to 2000 1,510,065 1,072,305 982,790 89,515 437,760 71.0 65.1 8.3
2001 to 2011Footnote 16 1,807,060 1,243,835 1,100,090 143,750 563,220 68.8 60.9 11.6
2001 to 2005 866,860 619,350 558,665 60,685 247,515 71.4 64.4 9.8
2006 to 2011Footnote 17 940,200 624,490 541,425 83,070 315,705 66.4 57.6 13.3
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 18 316,980 193,800 174,215 19,590 123,175 61.1 55.0 10.1
Total population aged 15 years and over by visible minorityFootnote 19 27,259,525 17,990,080 16,595,035 1,395,050 9,269,445 66.0 60.9 7.8
Total visible minority populationFootnote 20 4,917,185 3,262,250 2,938,360 323,890 1,654,935 66.3 59.8 9.9
South AsianFootnote 21 1,204,900 800,570 718,715 81,855 404,330 66.4 59.6 10.2
Chinese 1,115,085 683,295 626,240 57,055 431,790 61.3 56.2 8.3
Black 690,715 470,515 409,685 60,835 220,200 68.1 59.3 12.9
Filipino 491,710 378,435 356,655 21,785 113,275 77.0 72.5 5.8
Latin American 313,065 223,000 199,670 23,325 90,070 71.2 63.8 10.5
Arab 281,100 174,975 150,160 24,815 106,125 62.2 53.4 14.2
Southeast AsianFootnote 22 252,005 172,620 155,690 16,930 79,390 68.5 61.8 9.8
West AsianFootnote 23 168,175 104,780 91,590 13,195 63,395 62.3 54.5 12.6
Korean 133,250 75,810 68,060 7,750 57,440 56.9 51.1 10.2
Japanese 69,860 43,975 41,170 2,800 25,890 62.9 58.9 6.4
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 24 82,630 56,285 50,205 6,080 26,345 68.1 60.8 10.8
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 25 114,695 77,995 70,520 7,475 36,700 68.0 61.5 9.6
Not a visible minorityFootnote 26 22,342,335 14,727,830 13,656,675 1,071,155 7,614,505 65.9 61.1 7.3
Total population aged 15 years and over by first official language spokenFootnote 27 27,259,525 17,990,080 16,595,030 1,395,045 9,269,445 66.0 60.9 7.8
English 20,277,305 13,616,090 12,540,490 1,075,605 6,661,215 67.1 61.8 7.9
French 6,252,555 4,053,025 3,772,880 280,145 2,199,530 64.8 60.3 6.9
English and French 289,910 191,655 170,265 21,390 98,255 66.1 58.7 11.2
Neither English nor French 439,755 129,310 111,400 17,910 310,445 29.4 25.3 13.9
Total population aged 15 years and over by mother tongueFootnote 28 27,259,525 17,990,085 16,595,030 1,395,045 9,269,440 66.0 60.9 7.8
English 15,258,565 10,359,055 9,549,210 809,840 4,899,510 67.9 62.6 7.8
French 5,889,220 3,818,050 3,569,940 248,105 2,071,175 64.8 60.6 6.5
Non-official language 5,756,460 3,569,910 3,256,565 313,350 2,186,545 62.0 56.6 8.8
English and French 42,640 25,580 23,130 2,445 17,060 60.0 54.2 9.6
English and non-official language 260,870 182,340 165,495 16,840 78,535 69.9 63.4 9.2
French and non-official language 47,630 32,520 28,320 4,200 15,110 68.3 59.5 12.9
English, French and non-official language 4,140 2,630 2,365 265 1,505 63.5 57.1 10.1
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 29 27,259,525 17,990,080 16,595,035 1,395,050 9,269,445 66.0 60.9 7.8
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 30 12,454,330 6,713,725 5,979,600 734,130 5,740,610 53.9 48.0 10.9
Education 1,109,460 733,610 706,690 26,915 375,850 66.1 63.7 3.7
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 548,630 431,235 399,535 31,700 117,395 78.6 72.8 7.4
Humanities 821,590 598,805 557,275 41,525 222,790 72.9 67.8 6.9
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,497,760 1,187,790 1,117,285 70,510 309,965 79.3 74.6 5.9
Business, management and public administration 3,187,575 2,459,080 2,323,365 135,720 728,495 77.1 72.9 5.5
Physical and life sciences and technologies 554,680 419,340 392,060 27,280 135,340 75.6 70.7 6.5
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 601,705 501,490 471,835 29,650 100,215 83.3 78.4 5.9
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,193,970 2,465,245 2,305,150 160,095 728,725 77.2 72.2 6.5
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 326,230 262,305 246,070 16,235 63,930 80.4 75.4 6.2
Health and related fieldsFootnote 31 2,060,605 1,522,870 1,451,990 70,885 537,730 73.9 70.5 4.7
Personal, protective and transportation services 900,005 692,290 642,085 50,210 207,710 76.9 71.3 7.3
Other fields of studyFootnote 32 2,990 2,295 2,095 200 695 76.8 70.1 8.7

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 2

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 3

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 4

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 5

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 6

Aboriginal identity
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. 

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Footnote 7

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 8

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 9

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 10

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 11

Registered or Treaty Indian status
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
'Registered or Treaty Indian status' refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 12

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 13

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident is a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 14

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 15

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 16

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 17

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 18

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 19

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable


Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

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Footnote 20

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 21

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 22

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 23

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 24

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 25

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 26

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 27

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Footnote 28

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 29

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.



For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.



For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 30

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 31

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 32

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011059.

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