2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (730), First Official Language Spoken (4), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics , first official language spoken , age groups and sex for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics (730) First official language spoken (4)
Total population in private households by first official language spokenFootnote 3 English French English and French
Total population in private households by age group 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,185 347,755
0 to 4 years 1,873,690 1,372,760 403,550 9,915
5 to 9 years 1,803,420 1,402,120 374,180 17,910
10 to 14 years 1,915,685 1,492,930 388,900 30,020
15 to 19 years 2,160,270 1,669,730 452,620 34,060
20 to 24 years 2,163,790 1,683,200 446,000 27,965
25 to 29 years 2,149,300 1,660,085 451,525 27,250
30 to 34 years 2,144,650 1,604,340 496,950 30,815
35 to 39 years 2,155,350 1,644,750 460,745 32,995
40 to 44 years 2,306,085 1,764,470 485,530 30,380
45 to 49 years 2,655,580 1,991,960 603,065 24,690
50 to 54 years 2,633,975 1,932,190 644,225 20,405
55 to 59 years 2,314,650 1,679,510 578,005 16,630
60 to 64 years 2,024,325 1,456,660 509,875 13,755
65 to 69 years 1,499,290 1,041,790 403,425 10,195
70 to 74 years 1,125,245 787,530 281,475 8,280
75 to 79 years 881,815 614,125 213,620 6,330
80 to 84 years 616,105 435,075 140,020 3,945
85 years and over 429,085 311,890 85,475 2,235
Median ageFootnote 4 40.1 39.2 42.5 34.4
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 5 27,259,525 20,277,305 6,252,555 289,910
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,005,325 11,895,105 3,650,680 164,580
Married (and not separated) 12,878,850 10,194,265 2,243,110 153,000
Living common law 3,126,475 1,700,840 1,407,570 11,580
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 11,254,205 8,382,200 2,601,875 125,325
Single (never legally married) 7,596,680 5,728,925 1,742,855 100,040
Separated 662,580 541,625 104,030 5,220
Divorced 1,647,790 1,176,050 437,925 13,185
Widowed 1,347,145 935,605 317,065 6,885
Total population in private households by mother tongue 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,185 347,760
Single responses 32,369,375 24,156,165 7,342,590 330,360
English 18,850,400 18,845,780 4,630 0
French 6,967,455 35,725 6,931,730 0
Non-official languages 6,551,515 5,274,660 406,235 330,365
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 6 163,135 140,305 7,985 5,825
Cree, n.o.s. 74,865 69,395 175 3,070
Dene 11,070 10,585 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 10,680 1,920 7,100 880
Inuktitut 33,315 25,940 660 1,755
Mi'kmaq 7,405 7,245 10 100
Ojibway 16,815 16,545 15 15
Oji-Cree 8,985 8,685 20 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 7 5,515,100 4,422,360 327,710 280,370
Arabic 323,125 174,920 86,165 44,080
Bengali 58,895 50,930 770 4,380
Cantonese 381,570 291,100 2,020 5,820
Chinese, n.o.s. 405,940 311,955 7,890 13,555
Creoles 71,070 7,990 51,665 9,675
Dutch 110,250 107,280 1,105 1,535
German 366,955 349,505 4,495 4,895
Greek 111,405 94,615 1,800 8,940
Gujarati 91,315 80,745 620 2,240
Hindi 93,190 87,980 140 1,505
Hungarian 63,220 56,715 1,260 2,145
Italian 403,425 325,465 31,690 21,585
Korean 137,210 119,165 510 2,960
Mandarin 252,295 200,465 1,905 5,795
Panjabi (Punjabi) 433,285 359,965 645 7,475
Persian (Farsi) 169,545 140,675 4,450 11,700
Polish 187,455 169,075 3,755 7,520
Portuguese 207,980 159,075 17,635 10,765
Romanian 84,100 47,285 12,240 20,615
Russian 162,335 129,070 7,660 13,690
Serbian 53,625 46,635 1,075 3,325
Spanish 399,810 255,340 72,240 47,075
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 371,500 364,370 480 2,830
Tamil 146,710 126,845 1,285 7,160
Ukrainian 108,595 103,015 960 2,295
Urdu 165,380 152,365 670 4,035
Vietnamese 154,910 109,820 12,565 12,790
Other languagesFootnote 8 873,280 711,990 70,550 44,165
Multiple responses 482,945 388,955 76,600 17,395
English and French 57,820 28,900 14,205 14,715
English and non-official language 353,530 353,005 520 0
French and non-official language 65,315 4,320 60,995 0
English, French and non-official language 6,280 2,720 880 2,680
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 9 32,852,320 24,545,120 7,419,185 347,755
English only 22,415,255 22,415,260 0 0
French only 4,108,885 0 4,108,885 0
English and French 5,772,255 2,116,790 3,307,880 347,580
Neither English nor French 555,920 13,070 2,420 175
Total population in private households by language spoken most often at home 32,852,320 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,760
Single responses 31,969,435 23,817,935 7,288,950 322,315
English 21,468,335 21,068,215 400,120 0
French 6,790,375 81,075 6,709,295 0
Non-official languages 3,710,730 2,668,635 179,540 322,310
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 10 99,050 77,400 6,820 5,805
Cree, n.o.s. 40,100 34,645 130 3,085
Dene 7,370 6,880 0 10
Innu/Montagnais 9,435 1,725 6,075 850
Inuktitut 26,775 19,470 595 1,755
Mi'kmaq 3,820 3,680 0 90
Ojibway 5,725 5,450 10 20
Oji-Cree 5,825 5,540 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 11 3,208,655 2,299,085 146,760 274,915
Arabic 183,880 91,050 31,860 42,995
Bengali 42,875 35,145 535 4,375
Cantonese 297,560 202,335 905 6,135
Chinese, n.o.s. 286,885 199,405 5,535 13,205
Creoles 30,695 2,405 17,185 9,345
Dutch 10,975 9,190 55 1,410
German 93,835 80,740 540 4,325
Greek 49,395 34,155 480 8,755
Gujarati 57,445 47,485 180 2,170
Hindi 50,770 45,510 50 1,570
Hungarian 20,910 15,720 250 1,905
Italian 136,605 76,620 15,275 20,095
Korean 105,450 87,810 175 2,905
Mandarin 208,740 156,015 1,320 5,960
Panjabi (Punjabi) 327,960 255,535 370 7,215
Persian (Farsi) 121,490 94,290 2,515 11,635
Polish 86,195 71,055 815 7,275
Portuguese 95,570 58,110 6,680 10,310
Romanian 51,655 20,560 6,660 20,485
Russian 112,150 81,065 4,875 13,970
Serbian 34,380 27,820 605 3,350
Spanish 248,495 135,595 40,605 46,980
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 194,690 187,845 135 2,765
Tamil 112,455 93,160 900 7,005
Ukrainian 24,650 20,030 390 2,100
Urdu 111,205 98,070 365 4,070
Vietnamese 111,755 72,385 7,490 12,610
Other languagesFootnote 12 403,020 292,150 25,960 41,590
Multiple responses 882,890 727,185 130,240 25,445
English and French 60,520 12,420 30,060 18,030
English and non-official language 714,595 710,650 3,950 0
French and non-official language 96,315 2,210 94,100 0
English, French and non-official language 11,460 1,900 2,130 7,410
Total population in private households by other language spoken regularly at home 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,760
None 28,220,400 21,177,930 6,392,610 152,520
English 1,979,255 1,332,440 536,910 89,860
French 674,305 330,985 276,785 63,760
Non-official language 1,851,565 1,641,220 183,055 7,875
Aboriginal 78,215 75,440 2,695 50
Non-Aboriginal 1,773,355 1,565,785 180,365 7,820
English and French 36,510 2,505 2,710 31,010
English and non-official language 45,580 21,155 22,850 1,245
French and non-official language 43,445 38,725 4,200 460
English, French and non-official language 1,265 160 60 1,030
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenFootnote 13 8,165,495 6,476,880 813,730 334,630
Aboriginal languages 245,115 212,600 16,170 6,330
Algonquin 2,400 950 1,285 140
Atikamekw 6,205 260 5,140 170
Blackfoot 4,395 4,390 0 0
Cree languagesFootnote 14 96,690 90,655 635 3,135
Mi'kmaq 8,930 8,700 70 110
Innu/Montagnais 11,450 2,110 7,645 910
Ojibway 25,160 24,815 70 25
Oji-Cree 10,180 9,875 20 0
Carrier 2,010 2,010 0 0
Dene 12,955 12,455 10 15
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,385 2,290 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,815 1,740 25 0
Stoney 3,500 3,475 0 15
Inuktitut 36,945 29,390 850 1,755
Other Aboriginal languagesFootnote 15 23,460 22,485 605 190
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,922,260 6,265,900 797,750 328,335
Italian 595,600 471,500 71,980 27,145
Portuguese 266,955 205,535 28,685 12,125
Romanian 97,180 56,480 14,825 21,740
Spanish 873,395 505,345 283,370 58,385
Dutch 135,085 129,400 3,330 1,735
Flemish 5,620 4,635 830 150
German 525,485 477,820 29,350 9,555
Yiddish 23,750 19,635 250 2,040
Danish 18,165 17,865 175 100
Norwegian 8,895 8,480 280 120
Swedish 14,005 12,960 745 280
Afrikaans 21,870 21,520 145 150
Gaelic languages 7,190 7,055 85 35
Bosnian 14,280 11,815 1,025 685
Bulgarian 20,150 13,040 2,485 3,815
Croatian 63,440 59,080 1,065 1,745
Czech 26,640 24,865 710 635
Macedonian 22,135 20,665 185 510
Polish 217,735 196,585 5,625 8,100
Russian 230,755 182,600 14,715 19,115
Serbian 65,330 57,435 1,515 3,525
Serbo-Croatian 11,640 9,075 1,220 945
Slovak 19,025 18,025 335 310
Slovenian 12,285 11,995 95 155
Ukrainian 144,260 135,630 1,890 3,480
Latvian 6,960 6,585 0 280
Lithuanian 8,360 7,735 255 235
Greek 150,615 129,375 5,570 9,545
Armenian 36,235 20,975 3,935 9,535
Albanian 25,675 21,045 1,695 1,240
Estonian 6,780 6,545 25 165
Finnish 18,325 17,665 290 125
Hungarian 73,695 66,005 1,875 2,640
Turkish 44,080 32,875 4,520 3,800
Berber languages (Kabyle) 7,430 120 6,510 645
Oromo 14,195 4,405 8,300 1,045
Somali 37,115 31,335 2,030 1,815
Amharic 24,285 22,675 310 565
Arabic 470,965 249,575 150,835 50,330
Hebrew 70,695 61,365 5,520 2,980
Maltese 7,550 7,460 0 40
Tigrigna 11,280 10,495 70 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 19,975 17,215 35 280
Bengali 69,490 61,075 1,175 4,415
Gujarati 118,950 107,530 1,090 2,360
Hindi 335,420 315,855 1,385 5,765
Konkani 5,780 5,740 0 0
Marathi 9,695 9,415 0 155
Panjabi (Punjabi) 545,725 469,875 850 8,465
Sindhi 15,525 14,610 140 235
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 23,965 23,255 35 325
Urdu 240,745 223,670 1,305 5,405
Nepali 11,455 9,240 130 505
Kurdish 11,815 9,810 380 545
Pashto 16,510 13,930 325 675
Persian (Farsi) 196,110 163,865 5,835 12,770
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,610 7,465 345 280
Kannada 5,205 5,025 0 130
Malayalam 22,125 21,335 0 180
Tamil 179,470 158,605 2,030 7,350
Telugu 12,640 12,245 60 130
Japanese 74,695 67,255 3,480 1,200
Korean 149,035 130,545 805 2,985
Cantonese 472,510 371,625 3,190 6,775
Fukien 6,615 5,590 15 0
Hakka 5,350 4,435 180 125
Mandarin 378,610 304,225 4,760 7,950
Taiwanese 15,375 12,600 65 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 419,065 325,340 10,880 13,990
Lao 17,800 10,970 4,240 1,395
Thai 13,545 11,615 910 475
Khmer (Cambodian) 26,580 13,390 8,055 2,125
Vietnamese 192,070 136,450 17,625 13,725
Bisayan languages 19,690 19,355 75 105
Ilocano 21,880 21,345 0 185
Malay 20,720 19,920 355 185
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 491,075 482,675 945 3,195
Akan (Twi) 19,140 18,480 185 360
Lingala 12,185 760 10,675 680
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,855 715 4,265 710
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5,525 1,410 3,355 680
Swahili 31,695 22,025 7,605 1,360
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 13,470 8,355 4,650 370
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 29,240 18,330 9,880 670
African languages, n.i.e. 14,140 11,515 2,065 330
Creoles 128,555 19,295 97,470 9,995
Other non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 16 133,195 101,025 20,400 3,585
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 17 32,485,220 24,285,030 7,339,700 345,645
Non-movers 28,443,525 21,223,780 6,489,935 296,370
Movers 4,041,690 3,061,250 849,760 49,275
Non-migrants 2,380,370 1,820,370 492,180 28,915
Migrants 1,661,320 1,240,875 357,585 20,365
Internal migrants 1,359,105 1,018,285 318,520 10,990
Intraprovincial migrants 1,116,780 804,115 294,975 8,475
Interprovincial migrants 242,320 214,170 23,545 2,515
External migrants 302,215 222,585 39,065 9,370
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 18 30,978,635 23,172,360 7,015,635 337,845
Non-movers 19,010,730 14,136,305 4,444,035 175,035
Movers 11,967,905 9,036,060 2,571,605 162,805
Non-migrants 6,467,765 4,904,935 1,400,235 78,075
Migrants 5,500,140 4,131,125 1,171,370 84,735
Internal migrants 4,297,735 3,218,550 1,017,030 35,045
Intraprovincial migrants 3,442,065 2,457,515 936,140 25,945
Interprovincial migrants 855,665 761,035 80,890 9,105
External migrants 1,202,410 912,575 154,335 49,690
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 19 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,760
Canadian citizens 30,895,310 23,049,365 7,204,980 276,895
Canadian citizens only 29,962,645 22,335,875 7,070,630 223,065
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 932,665 713,490 134,355 53,830
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 20 1,957,015 1,495,750 214,210 70,865
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 21 32,852,320 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,760
Non-immigrantsFootnote 22 25,720,175 18,732,330 6,805,835 92,030
Born in province of residence 21,853,870 15,281,540 6,402,585 83,910
Born outside province of residence 3,866,305 3,450,790 403,250 8,115
ImmigrantsFootnote 23 6,775,765 5,525,650 572,255 246,425
Americas 1,060,230 849,170 145,700 45,405
United States 263,470 248,895 12,430 1,700
Jamaica 126,035 125,890 75 0
Guyana 87,945 87,820 85 0
Haiti 80,100 3,525 69,550 5,680
Mexico 69,695 52,670 7,925 6,075
Trinidad and Tobago 67,205 67,090 100 0
Colombia 60,550 35,610 13,595 7,450
El Salvador 43,655 31,480 5,545 3,950
Peru 26,715 14,505 7,225 3,650
Chile 25,195 16,225 5,920 2,165
Other places of birth in Americas 209,665 165,450 23,240 14,710
Europe 2,127,785 1,796,200 176,280 79,150
United KingdomFootnote 24 537,040 535,630 950 375
Italy 256,825 192,850 24,610 15,490
Germany 152,345 145,190 4,205 2,475
Poland 152,290 138,730 3,010 4,555
Portugal 138,520 103,890 11,035 4,900
Netherlands 98,510 96,735 680 1,005
France 90,445 7,580 82,060 715
Romania 82,590 51,435 10,420 18,425
Russian Federation 73,030 59,250 3,775 5,355
Greece 66,475 55,880 1,040 3,980
Ukraine 65,455 56,010 2,135 3,680
Croatia 40,015 37,200 650 885
Hungary 38,990 35,590 780 875
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,890 29,820 2,280 2,035
Serbia 32,605 29,535 525 1,530
Ireland, Republic of 28,040 27,955 35 15
Other places of birth in Europe 238,740 192,905 28,100 12,865
Africa 492,025 281,220 172,485 31,580
Morocco 56,280 3,975 43,590 8,015
Algeria 51,085 1,460 44,050 5,195
Egypt 49,935 33,055 10,575 5,365
South Africa, Republic of 40,550 40,285 150 90
Nigeria 27,620 27,270 185 100
Ethiopia 24,535 22,980 455 515
Kenya 24,510 23,615 250 285
Other places of birth in Africa 217,505 128,580 73,220 12,015
Asia 3,041,100 2,546,020 77,400 90,120
India 547,890 479,360 870 5,485
ChinaFootnote 25 545,535 377,315 10,885 12,480
Philippines 454,340 447,210 915 2,805
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 205,430 186,475 360 2,425
Viet NamFootnote 26 165,130 115,840 12,220 9,730
Pakistan 156,865 146,610 690 3,275
Sri Lanka 132,130 118,645 640 3,615
IranFootnote 27 120,685 104,675 2,035 7,375
Korea, SouthFootnote 28 112,400 98,270 1,055 2,285
Lebanon 81,105 40,790 22,260 15,015
Taiwan 66,455 57,225 740 1,110
Iraq 49,520 42,010 745 1,400
Bangladesh 45,325 40,640 510 2,615
Afghanistan 40,940 31,885 1,720 2,770
Japan 25,805 23,770 485 435
Turkey 25,275 18,395 2,690 2,445
Other places of birth in Asia 266,285 216,915 18,570 14,855
Oceania and otherFootnote 29 54,620 53,050 385 170
Fiji 24,290 23,215 30 85
Other places of birthFootnote 30 30,335 29,835 360 85
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 31 356,385 287,135 41,100 9,305
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthFootnote 32 1,162,920 856,505 149,860 53,995
Americas 188,730 128,945 36,540 14,825
United States 45,010 42,075 2,000 565
Mexico 22,310 14,015 4,020 2,705
Cuba 5,555 3,485 1,130 525
Haiti 19,305 1,670 15,300 1,855
Jamaica 9,805 9,790 0 0
Brazil 9,535 5,740 1,625 1,850
Colombia 27,560 14,610 6,985 3,385
Guyana 6,010 5,990 25 0
Peru 6,410 3,125 1,760 1,105
VenezuelaFootnote 33 6,185 4,255 635 1,065
Other places of birth in Americas 31,045 24,210 3,070 1,770
Europe 159,745 107,290 31,090 11,770
France 20,380 410 19,790 130
Germany 10,460 9,340 450 500
Poland 5,365 4,550 120 120
Romania 13,370 6,335 2,265 3,660
MoldovaFootnote 34 6,565 2,240 2,305 1,795
Russian Federation 17,100 12,770 1,105 1,265
Ukraine 12,390 9,065 800 1,060
United KingdomFootnote 35 32,965 32,760 135 25
Other places of birth in Europe 41,160 29,815 4,125 3,215
Africa 145,720 62,895 68,195 11,135
Nigeria 13,035 12,925 35 55
Ethiopia 6,590 6,105 100 85
Mauritius 4,190 730 2,450 1,010
Somalia 4,315 3,620 115 110
Algeria 21,245 455 18,590 1,865
Egypt 11,105 8,400 1,045 1,190
Morocco 20,295 805 15,815 3,225
Tunisia 4,760 130 3,375 1,150
Cameroon 5,425 1,080 4,270 75
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 5,870 880 4,340 500
South Africa, Republic of 5,660 5,580 45 25
Other places of birth in Africa 43,230 22,195 18,015 1,830
Asia 661,570 550,475 13,955 16,240
Philippines 152,270 149,670 305 1,115
ChinaFootnote 36 122,090 78,970 2,950 2,875
India 121,420 104,710 195 1,220
Pakistan 35,040 31,995 220 630
IranFootnote 37 30,295 25,220 455 1,845
South KoreaFootnote 38 27,665 23,920 260 570
Sri Lanka 21,430 18,675 150 480
Iraq 16,920 12,515 455 445
Bangladesh 14,110 12,845 190 350
Lebanon 12,420 5,250 4,375 2,340
Viet NamFootnote 39 11,280 7,560 830 385
Taiwan 9,290 8,095 105 140
Afghanistan 8,425 5,985 320 670
Japan 6,390 5,720 130 170
Turkey 5,850 4,525 360 385
Israel 5,230 4,380 285 335
Nepal 5,210 4,400 70 225
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 4,805 4,105 25 40
United Arab Emirates 4,800 4,505 100 115
Saudi Arabia 4,340 3,940 145 80
SyriaFootnote 40 4,155 2,905 495 410
Other places of birth in Asia 38,140 30,595 1,535 1,410
Oceania and otherFootnote 41 7,150 6,890 80 25
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 42 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,755
Non-immigrantsFootnote 43 25,720,175 18,732,325 6,805,835 92,030
ImmigrantsFootnote 44 6,775,770 5,525,655 572,255 246,425
Before 1971 1,261,060 1,123,250 70,410 25,510
1971 to 1980 870,775 741,660 67,435 21,525
1981 to 1990 949,895 776,520 73,515 33,845
1991 to 2000 1,539,055 1,247,325 111,730 59,900
2001 to 2011Footnote 45 2,154,990 1,636,900 249,160 105,645
2001 to 2005 992,070 780,400 99,295 51,650
2006 to 2011Footnote 46 1,162,915 856,505 149,865 54,000
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 47 356,385 287,140 41,100 9,305
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 48 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,755
First generationFootnote 49 7,217,295 5,885,470 623,935 256,485
Second generationFootnote 50 5,702,725 5,139,205 418,030 72,790
Third generation or moreFootnote 51 19,932,300 13,520,445 6,377,220 18,485
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 32,852,320 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,760
Aboriginal identityFootnote 52 1,400,690 1,242,265 140,790 7,300
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 53 851,560 778,215 63,470 4,880
Métis single identity 451,795 381,970 68,975 555
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 59,440 50,860 1,805 1,750
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 54 11,415 9,675 1,710 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 55 26,475 21,550 4,830 90
Non-Aboriginal identity 31,451,635 23,302,855 7,278,400 340,450
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 56 32,852,325 24,545,115 7,419,185 347,755
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 57 697,510 646,550 41,645 4,610
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 32,154,815 23,898,565 7,377,545 343,150
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 58 27,259,525 20,277,310 6,252,555 289,905
In the labour force 17,990,080 13,616,095 4,053,025 191,655
Employed 16,595,035 12,540,490 3,772,885 170,260
Unemployed 1,395,045 1,075,605 280,145 21,390
Not in the labour force 9,269,445 6,661,210 2,199,530 98,250
Participation rate 66.0 67.1 64.8 66.1
Employment rate 60.9 61.8 60.3 58.7
Unemployment rate 7.8 7.9 6.9 11.2
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker 17,990,080 13,616,095 4,053,025 191,650
Class of Worker - Not applicableFootnote 59 402,470 303,410 82,255 9,405
All Classes of WorkerFootnote 60 17,587,610 13,312,680 3,970,770 182,250
Employee 15,660,620 11,819,565 3,573,085 161,735
Self-employed 1,926,990 1,493,115 397,680 20,510
Self-employed (incorporated) 715,885 554,875 148,060 7,865
Without paid help 299,975 226,425 67,830 3,705
With paid help 415,910 328,445 80,230 4,160
Self-employed (unincorporated) 1,162,490 898,560 241,975 12,135
Without paid help 843,045 644,700 184,555 8,445
With paid help 319,440 253,860 57,420 3,690
Unpaid family worker 48,620 39,680 7,650 515
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 17,990,085 13,616,095 4,053,025 191,655
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 61 402,465 303,410 82,255 9,400
All occupationsFootnote 62 17,587,615 13,312,685 3,970,770 182,250
0 Management occupations 1,963,605 1,544,830 390,945 18,190
00 Senior management occupations 215,860 147,755 65,200 1,970
01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 653,735 520,345 125,685 5,895
06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 627,165 494,515 120,900 7,375
07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities 466,840 382,220 79,160 2,950
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,902,050 2,200,090 661,855 30,250
11 Professional occupations in business and finance 563,340 433,205 121,500 7,120
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 993,400 719,770 261,540 9,270
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 196,255 160,370 33,295 1,860
14 Office support occupations 785,240 612,675 160,720 8,875
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 363,815 274,070 84,800 3,125
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,237,770 948,205 264,645 21,855
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 678,930 529,800 132,830 14,630
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 558,845 418,405 131,815 7,225
3 Health occupations 1,107,200 824,935 268,500 11,215
30 Professional occupations in nursing 308,100 235,380 70,020 2,210
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing) 228,075 173,315 50,605 3,835
32 Technical occupations in health 308,140 225,500 78,725 2,950
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services 262,885 190,735 69,145 2,230
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,064,675 1,555,755 482,375 20,500
40 Professional occupations in education services 719,000 535,840 173,320 8,590
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 458,210 354,780 98,160 4,300
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 414,880 286,565 122,120 4,925
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 161,500 122,465 38,345 535
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations 311,080 256,105 50,435 2,150
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 503,410 381,795 114,950 5,280
51 Professional occupations in art and culture 186,995 141,495 42,910 1,955
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 316,415 240,300 72,040 3,330
6 Sales and service occupations 4,068,170 3,063,270 909,800 49,440
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 352,910 276,165 72,090 3,640
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 547,560 396,690 128,580 7,465
64 Sales representatives and salespersons - wholesale and retail trade 845,440 646,095 184,915 9,670
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 840,675 632,970 190,205 12,560
66 Sales support occupations 565,770 418,720 136,560 6,310
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c. 915,815 692,630 197,455 9,795
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,537,775 1,911,320 591,885 17,160
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 913,135 693,670 207,645 4,895
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 497,020 365,250 126,960 3,015
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 248,795 193,660 50,840 1,735
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 665,485 497,415 158,505 6,025
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 213,335 161,320 47,940 1,495
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 397,925 317,070 74,390 1,095
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 116,610 94,885 21,215 210
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 140,525 104,660 32,885 385
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 140,800 117,530 20,295 500
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 805,040 565,415 211,415 7,270
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 134,585 102,330 30,860 905
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 258,070 174,770 71,920 2,850
95 Assemblers in manufacturing 201,130 151,315 43,780 1,800
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 211,255 137,005 64,860 1,715
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 63 17,990,080 13,616,090 4,053,025 191,655
Industry - not applicableFootnote 64 402,465 303,410 82,255 9,400
All industriesFootnote 65 17,587,615 13,312,680 3,970,770 182,250
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 437,650 336,095 94,675 1,290
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 261,045 229,880 30,195 710
22 Utilities 149,940 113,385 35,590 820
23 Construction 1,215,380 942,130 257,310 6,610
31-33 Manufacturing 1,619,290 1,129,560 446,890 18,110
41 Wholesale trade 733,445 569,705 148,360 8,615
44-45 Retail trade 2,031,670 1,517,860 479,065 21,985
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 827,775 644,055 170,395 9,340
51 Information and cultural industries 420,830 324,770 89,340 5,440
52 Finance and insurance 767,960 605,605 150,555 9,345
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 321,900 261,105 55,505 3,425
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,240,850 968,160 250,395 18,220
55 Management of companies and enterprises 17,455 13,800 3,325 215
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 728,330 565,370 144,925 9,975
61 Educational services 1,301,435 982,615 301,875 13,940
62 Health care and social assistance 1,949,650 1,430,140 495,660 17,970
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 363,405 285,265 74,525 2,520
72 Accommodation and food services 1,130,755 867,545 225,895 15,575
81 Other services (except public administration) 807,805 609,390 184,330 7,205
91 Public administration 1,261,045 916,235 331,965 10,930
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusFootnote 66 16,595,035 12,540,490 3,772,880 170,260
Usual place of work 13,517,695 10,088,825 3,201,115 143,640
Work in CSD of residence 7,981,010 6,097,980 1,741,325 87,745
Work in a different CSD in CD of residence 2,787,300 2,282,940 469,825 19,925
Work in a different CSD and CD in province of residence 2,588,220 1,609,180 930,930 33,055
Work in a different province 161,155 98,730 59,035 2,915
Worked at home 1,142,640 897,750 227,620 9,840
Worked outside Canada 66,455 54,555 8,195 1,200
No fixed workplace address 1,868,245 1,499,360 335,955 15,580
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationFootnote 67 15,385,935 11,588,185 3,537,070 159,225
Car, truck or van - as a driver 11,393,140 8,525,025 2,718,050 92,965
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 867,050 707,660 137,710 7,230
Public transit 1,851,525 1,389,200 394,330 45,870
Walked 880,815 659,895 205,725 9,795
Bicycle 201,780 152,550 46,725 1,725
Other methods 191,625 153,860 34,525 1,635
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 68 19,133,305 14,493,695 4,298,375 199,955
English 14,622,905 14,015,200 479,780 84,205
French 3,831,530 148,680 3,610,070 70,635
Non-official language 251,015 146,935 8,910 7,560
Aboriginal 23,825 18,020 2,980 2,215
Non-Aboriginal 227,195 128,925 5,935 5,345
English and French 317,135 93,995 191,010 31,865
English and non-official language 94,100 84,515 685 1,720
French and non-official language 5,180 415 3,850 625
English, French and non-official language 11,440 3,945 4,075 3,345
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 69 19,133,305 14,493,690 4,298,375 199,955
None 16,891,300 13,584,575 3,075,335 113,565
English 1,148,980 177,405 920,215 40,520
French 645,080 347,780 269,805 26,925
Non-official language 411,735 366,200 21,170 12,675
Aboriginal 34,775 32,010 1,885 850
Non-Aboriginal 376,965 334,190 19,285 11,825
English and French 1,925 695 315 885
English and non-official language 15,125 3,190 8,890 2,800
French and non-official language 19,020 13,820 2,585 2,550
English, French and non-official language 145 35 55 35
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 70 27,259,525 20,277,305 6,252,560 289,905
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,485,395 3,761,290 1,420,045 50,075
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 71 6,968,935 5,471,355 1,347,370 55,800
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 72 14,805,190 11,044,660 3,485,140 184,030
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 73 2,950,685 1,865,215 1,048,370 22,270
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 74 1,724,390 959,970 740,215 14,715
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 75 1,226,295 905,250 308,160 7,560
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 4,970,025 3,834,325 1,071,815 39,780
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 76 1,200,125 885,305 283,650 17,090
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 5,684,355 4,459,810 1,081,300 104,895
Bachelor's degree 3,634,425 2,857,655 696,730 55,430
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 602,910 470,240 113,445 14,395
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 154,705 121,355 27,865 3,920
Master's degree 1,083,845 848,960 204,200 24,595
Earned doctorateFootnote 77 208,480 161,610 39,060 6,555
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 78 14,805,190 11,044,665 3,485,140 184,030
Education 1,109,455 810,330 283,610 8,175
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 548,630 407,810 131,400 6,250
Humanities 821,595 616,650 184,585 13,675
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,497,755 1,164,510 302,565 22,020
Business, management and public administration 3,187,570 2,338,330 791,465 40,470
Physical and life sciences and technologies 554,675 430,115 108,990 11,260
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 601,700 459,015 126,985 12,145
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,193,970 2,355,845 774,960 40,880
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 326,230 238,320 83,590 2,570
Health and related fieldsFootnote 79 2,060,605 1,595,840 433,700 19,740
Personal, protective and transportation services 900,000 626,210 262,015 6,840
Other fields of studyFootnote 80 2,990 1,695 1,270 15
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by location of studyFootnote 81 14,805,190 11,044,665 3,485,140 184,030
Inside Canada 12,404,670 9,020,895 3,278,830 93,700
Newfoundland and Labrador 237,725 236,750 855 80
Prince Edward Island 56,220 54,120 2,035 40
Nova Scotia 437,445 421,480 15,475 390
New Brunswick 303,035 207,655 94,870 475
Quebec 3,368,155 438,835 2,859,865 68,475
Ontario 4,594,305 4,325,320 244,145 18,620
Manitoba 446,230 427,440 17,840 590
Saskatchewan 407,065 399,860 6,890 170
Alberta 1,200,980 1,177,260 20,910 2,000
British Columbia 1,338,440 1,317,795 15,355 2,820
Yukon 5,535 5,340 180 15
Northwest Territories 6,265 5,945 300 15
Nunavut 3,275 3,085 110 10
Outside Canada 2,400,520 2,023,770 206,310 90,325
Total population in private households by visible minority 32,852,325 24,545,115 7,419,190 347,755
Total visible minority populationFootnote 82 6,264,750 5,142,180 518,530 186,570
South AsianFootnote 83 1,567,400 1,421,855 13,040 29,375
Chinese 1,324,745 1,070,785 25,815 26,040
Black 945,665 700,915 222,080 16,065
Filipino 619,310 609,805 1,925 3,210
Latin American 381,280 252,490 69,430 37,880
Arab 380,620 205,685 122,465 36,335
Southeast AsianFootnote 84 312,080 231,765 38,120 16,905
West AsianFootnote 85 206,845 172,895 6,800 12,610
Korean 161,130 141,930 1,815 2,965
Japanese 87,265 82,735 1,615 710
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 86 106,470 97,535 6,410 1,355
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 87 171,935 153,780 9,010 3,105
Not a visible minorityFootnote 88 26,587,575 19,402,935 6,900,655 161,190
Total population in private households by selected ethnic origins (single and multiple responses)Footnote 89 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,185 347,760
Total population - Single responsesFootnote 90 19,036,300 12,990,465 5,264,235 284,040
Total population - Multiple responsesFootnote 91 13,816,025 11,554,650 2,154,955 63,715
Canadian - Total responses 10,563,805 5,685,625 4,854,205 12,605
Canadian - Single responses 5,834,535 2,521,265 3,304,605 3,930
Canadian - Multiple responses 4,729,270 3,164,355 1,549,600 8,675
English- Total responses 6,509,500 6,357,260 145,785 4,690
English - Single responses 1,312,565 1,299,210 12,985 195
English - Multiple responses 5,196,935 5,058,055 132,805 4,495
French - Total responses 5,065,690 2,383,645 2,668,890 11,470
French - Single responses 1,165,460 170,445 994,055 820
French - Multiple responses 3,900,225 2,213,205 1,674,835 10,655
Scottish - Total responses 4,714,970 4,586,200 125,375 2,520
Scottish - Single responses 544,440 527,270 17,080 55
Scottish - Multiple responses 4,170,525 4,058,935 108,300 2,465
Irish - Total responses 4,544,865 4,190,720 350,125 3,330
Irish - Single responses 506,445 441,590 64,665 145
Irish - Multiple responses 4,038,425 3,749,125 285,460 3,180
German - Total responses 3,203,325 3,086,785 101,805 7,580
German - Single responses 608,525 587,345 14,880 2,510
German - Multiple responses 2,594,805 2,499,440 86,935 5,075
Italian - Total responses 1,488,425 1,264,445 169,625 28,140
Italian - Single responses 700,845 595,135 60,145 21,245
Italian - Multiple responses 787,575 669,310 109,475 6,900
Chinese - Total responses 1,487,585 1,215,465 36,225 29,620
Chinese - Single responses 1,210,945 964,885 22,915 25,565
Chinese - Multiple responses 276,635 250,580 13,310 4,065
First Nations (North American Indian) - Total responses 1,369,115 1,099,625 258,400 5,735
First Nations (North American Indian) - Single responses 517,550 452,950 55,900 3,930
First Nations (North American Indian) - Multiple responses 851,570 646,670 202,505 1,800
Ukrainian - Total responses 1,251,170 1,223,560 14,865 7,070
Ukrainian - Single responses 276,055 267,670 2,960 2,730
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 975,115 955,890 11,910 4,340
East Indian - Total responses 1,165,145 1,064,175 12,610 15,210
East Indian - Single responses 919,160 834,505 5,625 12,200
East Indian - Multiple responses 245,985 229,670 6,985 3,010
Dutch - Total responses 1,067,245 1,048,395 15,630 2,160
Dutch - Single responses 297,885 294,185 2,450 900
Dutch - Multiple responses 769,360 754,215 13,180 1,260
Polish- Total responses 1,010,700 962,485 29,710 10,225
Polish - Single responses 255,135 234,700 6,995 6,790
Polish - Multiple responses 755,570 727,785 22,705 3,440
Filipino - Total responses 662,605 652,150 2,350 3,535
Filipino - Single responses 506,545 498,620 1,000 2,790
Filipino - Multiple responses 156,060 153,525 1,350 745
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Total responsesFootnote 92 576,035 566,115 9,180 520
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Single responsesFootnote 93 128,085 127,245 820 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Multiple responsesFootnote 94 447,945 438,870 8,365 505
Russian- Total responses 550,515 514,775 13,935 12,065
Russian - Single responses 107,295 92,550 4,450 5,515
Russian - Multiple responses 443,220 422,225 9,485 6,545
Welsh - Total responses 458,705 455,935 2,605 115
Welsh - Single responses 28,790 28,630 155 0
Welsh - Multiple responses 429,915 427,305 2,455 110
Norwegian - Total responses 452,705 447,840 4,565 230
Norwegian - Single responses 44,080 43,305 715 45
Norwegian - Multiple responses 408,630 404,535 3,850 185
Métis - Total responses 447,655 381,735 65,365 450
Métis - Single responses 68,210 56,145 11,945 100
Métis - Multiple responses 379,445 325,585 53,420 350
Portuguese - Total responses 429,855 362,320 37,540 9,650
Portuguese - Single responses 250,320 203,560 20,235 7,335
Portuguese - Multiple responses 179,530 158,760 17,305 2,315
American - Total responses 372,575 336,545 34,865 800
American - Single responses 32,940 29,110 3,720 35
American - Multiple responses 339,635 307,435 31,140 765
Spanish - Total responses 368,310 289,125 56,915 16,110
Spanish - Single responses 66,575 46,875 12,385 4,860
Spanish - Multiple responses 301,730 242,250 44,530 11,250
Swedish - Total responses 341,845 338,380 3,100 275
Swedish - Single responses 26,075 25,780 225 55
Swedish - Multiple responses 315,770 312,595 2,880 215
Hungarian - Total responses 316,760 301,295 8,260 3,850
Hungarian - Single responses 80,545 74,915 1,815 1,690
Hungarian - Multiple responses 236,225 226,375 6,440 2,160
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overFootnote 95 27,259,525 20,277,305 6,252,560 289,910
Without income 1,341,020 1,029,200 258,250 25,215
With income 25,918,510 19,248,110 5,994,310 264,690
Under $5,000Footnote 96 2,574,080 2,021,475 452,165 38,555
$5,000 to $9,999 1,917,965 1,393,335 457,395 26,820
$10,000 to $14,999 2,393,830 1,679,715 603,990 29,075
$15,000 to $19,999 2,441,875 1,690,495 631,840 25,970
$20,000 to $29,999 3,670,020 2,653,650 909,540 39,455
$30,000 to $39,999 3,180,365 2,271,305 847,995 31,285
$40,000 to $49,999 2,603,520 1,913,995 652,550 22,030
$50,000 to $59,999 1,921,650 1,443,235 455,530 14,720
$60,000 to $79,999 2,437,440 1,882,605 529,800 17,505
$80,000 to $99,999 1,302,045 1,065,615 224,610 8,755
$100,000 and over 1,475,715 1,232,675 228,890 10,535
$100,000 to $124,999 693,580 573,935 113,070 4,900
$125,000 and over 782,140 658,740 115,815 5,635
Median income $Footnote 97 29,878 30,677 29,303 22,662
Average income $Footnote 98 40,650 42,278 37,185 32,968
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overFootnote 99 27,259,520 20,277,310 6,252,555 289,905
Without after-tax income 1,344,640 1,032,020 258,945 25,200
With after-tax income 25,914,880 19,245,285 5,993,610 264,705
Under $5,000Footnote 100 2,628,615 2,060,225 467,115 38,930
$5,000 to $9,999 1,960,360 1,422,050 470,645 26,945
$10,000 to $14,999 2,453,170 1,726,480 615,065 29,705
$15,000 to $19,999 2,654,470 1,833,330 697,495 28,475
$20,000 to $29,999 4,341,540 3,089,215 1,134,795 46,030
$30,000 to $39,999 3,790,600 2,722,045 1,003,905 34,890
$40,000 to $49,999 2,816,630 2,107,195 672,215 23,040
$50,000 to $59,999 1,849,630 1,425,560 404,085 13,355
$60,000 to $79,999 2,028,075 1,668,960 339,880 13,830
$80,000 to $99,999 709,185 603,970 98,655 4,725
$100,000 and over 682,600 586,255 89,755 4,790
Median after-tax income $Footnote 101 27,334 28,207 26,524 21,634
Average after-tax income $Footnote 102 33,998 35,337 31,018 28,152
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 103 27,259,525 20,277,305 6,252,555 289,910
With employment income 18,820,315 14,241,270 4,250,915 190,755
Median employment income $Footnote 104 31,603 32,410 30,262 24,980
Average employment income $Footnote 105 41,795 43,264 37,740 34,642
With wages and salaries 17,442,675 13,167,550 3,977,310 176,380
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 106 33,094 34,119 31,304 25,970
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 107 42,445 44,107 37,789 34,514
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 17,990,080 13,616,095 4,053,025 191,655
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 108 9,602,415 7,327,085 2,131,935 90,930
All othersFootnote 109 8,387,665 6,289,010 1,921,090 100,730

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.

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Footnote 4

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 5

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 6

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 7

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 8

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 9

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 10

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal languages spoken most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 11

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal most often spoken at home (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 12

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 13

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the NHS. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 14

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 15

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 16

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 17

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 18

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 19

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 20

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 21

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 22

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 23

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 24

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 25

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 26

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 27

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 28

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 29

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 30

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 31

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 32

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada.

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 33

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 34

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 35

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 36

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 37

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 38

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 39

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 40

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 41

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 42

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 43

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 44

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 45

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 46

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 47

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 48

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 49

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 50

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 51

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 52

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 53

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 54

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 55

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 56

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 57

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 58

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 59

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 60

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 61

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 62

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 63

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 64

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 65

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 66

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 67

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 68

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 74

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 75

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 76

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 78

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 79

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 80

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 81

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 82

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 83

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 84

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 85

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 86

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 87

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 88

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 89

The category 'Total population in private households by selected ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' indicates the number of respondents who reported a specific ethnic origin, either as their only ethnic origin or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The sum of all total responses for all ethnic origins is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple origins.

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Footnote 90

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 91

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 92

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 93

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 94

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 95

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 96

Including loss.

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Footnote 97

For population with income.

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Footnote 98

For population with income.

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Footnote 99

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 100

Including loss.

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Footnote 101

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 102

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 103

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 104

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 105

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 106

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 107

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 108

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 109

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011043.

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