2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Sociocultural, Education and Labour Characteristics (322), Sex (3) and Income Status in 2010 (6) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, sociocultural, education and labour characteristics , sex and income status in 2010 for the population in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Selected demographic, sociocultural, education and labour characteristics (322) Income status in 2010 (6)
Total - Income status in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measureFootnote 3 Population for the income status based on after-tax low-income measure Low-income population Prevalence of low income % Other population Concept not applicableFootnote 4
Total - Age groupsFootnote 5 32,852,325 32,386,170 4,812,115 14.9 27,574,055 466,155
Under 15 years 5,592,795 5,458,475 965,250 17.7 4,493,230 134,325
15 to 24 years 4,324,070 4,243,380 734,595 17.3 3,508,785 80,685
25 to 54 years 14,044,945 13,867,790 1,896,585 13.7 11,971,205 177,150
25 to 34 years 4,293,950 4,232,915 614,875 14.5 3,618,040 61,040
35 to 44 years 4,461,430 4,403,280 602,980 13.7 3,800,300 58,155
45 to 54 years 5,289,560 5,231,600 678,735 13.0 4,552,865 57,965
55 to 64 years 4,338,980 4,298,595 610,745 14.2 3,687,845 40,385
65 years and over 4,551,540 4,517,930 604,945 13.4 3,912,990 33,605
65 to 74 years 2,624,535 2,602,215 318,125 12.2 2,284,095 22,320
75 years and over 1,927,000 1,915,720 286,820 15.0 1,628,895 11,285
Population in private households by marital statusFootnote 6 32,852,320 32,386,170 4,812,115 14.9 27,574,055 466,155
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,005,325 15,841,490 1,497,165 9.5 14,344,320 163,835
Married (and not separated) 12,878,850 12,778,850 1,164,015 9.1 11,614,835 99,995
Living common law 3,126,475 3,062,635 333,150 10.9 2,729,485 63,840
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 16,847,000 16,544,685 3,314,950 20.0 13,229,735 302,315
Single (never legally married) 13,189,485 12,922,515 2,396,290 18.5 10,526,220 266,965
Separated 662,580 653,550 176,370 27.0 477,185 9,030
Divorced 1,647,785 1,634,905 425,950 26.1 1,208,955 12,885
Widowed 1,347,150 1,333,710 316,340 23.7 1,017,370 13,440
Persons in economic families by family structure and presence and age of childrenFootnote 7 27,948,790 27,524,805 3,422,185 12.4 24,102,620 423,990
Couple family 23,795,515 23,492,705 2,255,355 9.6 21,237,350 302,815
Couple only 6,939,100 6,892,975 604,590 8.8 6,288,385 46,125
Couple with children 16,550,180 16,299,140 1,625,540 10.0 14,673,600 251,045
With children under 18 years 12,646,795 12,424,475 1,371,505 11.0 11,052,975 222,320
Without children under 6 years 6,867,105 6,783,685 658,600 9.7 6,125,085 83,420
With children under 6 years 5,779,690 5,640,790 712,900 12.6 4,927,890 138,900
Couple with other relatives only 306,240 300,595 25,230 8.4 275,365 5,645
Lone-parent family 3,524,510 3,426,590 1,060,385 30.9 2,366,205 97,920
Female-parent family 2,834,695 2,756,210 932,310 33.8 1,823,905 78,480
Female-parent family with no other relatives 2,660,525 2,599,010 896,920 34.5 1,702,095 61,515
With children under 18 years 1,708,745 1,660,230 720,160 43.4 940,075 48,515
Without children under 6 years 1,159,480 1,137,025 409,945 36.1 727,085 22,450
With children under 6 years 549,265 523,205 310,215 59.3 212,990 26,065
Male-parent family 689,815 670,380 128,075 19.1 542,300 19,435
Male-parent family with no other relatives 646,335 630,405 122,320 19.4 508,085 15,925
With children under 18 years 364,365 353,615 84,295 23.8 269,320 10,745
Without children under 6 years 294,450 288,035 66,120 23.0 221,915 6,410
With children under 6 years 69,920 65,580 18,180 27.7 47,410 4,340
Other economic familyFootnote 8 628,770 605,505 106,445 17.6 499,065 23,255
Persons not in economic families aged 15 years and overFootnote 9 4,903,500 4,861,340 1,389,930 28.6 3,471,405 42,165
Less than 65 years 3,588,730 3,555,055 994,230 28.0 2,560,825 33,675
65 years and over 1,314,780 1,306,285 395,705 30.3 910,580 8,490
Total children in economic familiesFootnote 10 10,150,845 9,941,635 1,477,200 14.9 8,464,435 209,205
Under 6 years 2,210,620 2,155,950 388,640 18.0 1,767,305 54,680
6 to 14 years 3,312,440 3,241,150 560,110 17.3 2,681,045 71,290
15 to 17 years 1,255,755 1,232,120 185,265 15.0 1,046,850 23,635
18 to 24 years 2,096,805 2,061,600 222,695 10.8 1,838,905 35,200
25 years and over 1,275,225 1,250,820 120,490 9.6 1,130,330 24,405
Total - Household living arrangementsFootnote 11 32,852,325 32,386,170 4,812,120 14.9 27,574,050 466,155
Total persons in households with at least one census family 27,956,725 27,534,710 3,391,870 12.3 24,142,840 422,015
Married spouses, common-law partners 15,776,200 15,615,385 1,441,245 9.2 14,174,145 160,815
Lone parents 1,499,375 1,458,870 409,045 28.0 1,049,820 40,505
Children in families with two parents present 7,652,930 7,530,860 783,295 10.4 6,747,565 122,065
Children in families with one parent present 2,297,770 2,221,395 675,560 30.4 1,545,830 76,375
Persons not in census families, living with relativesFootnote 12 453,350 435,825 51,735 11.9 384,090 17,525
Persons not in census families, living with non-relatives only 277,105 272,375 30,985 11.4 241,385 4,735
Total persons in non-census family households 4,895,600 4,851,460 1,420,250 29.3 3,431,210 44,135
Living with relativesFootnote 13 269,175 262,470 61,300 23.4 201,170 6,700
Living with non-relatives only 963,625 957,200 208,930 21.8 748,270 6,425
Living alone 3,662,800 3,631,795 1,150,020 31.7 2,481,770 31,010
Total population in private households by citizenshipFootnote 14 32,852,320 32,386,165 4,812,120 14.9 27,574,050 466,150
Canadian citizens 30,895,310 30,435,310 4,200,890 13.8 26,234,420 460,000
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,576,425 6,416,595 1,033,850 16.1 5,382,750 159,825
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 24,318,885 24,018,715 3,167,040 13.2 20,851,670 300,170
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 15 1,957,015 1,950,860 611,230 31.3 1,339,635 6,155
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 16 32,852,320 32,386,170 4,812,120 14.9 27,574,055 466,155
Non-immigrantsFootnote 17 25,720,175 25,270,055 3,442,875 13.6 21,827,175 450,120
ImmigrantsFootnote 18 6,775,770 6,762,140 1,234,345 18.3 5,527,795 13,630
Before 1971 1,261,060 1,257,715 126,850 10.1 1,130,860 3,345
1971 to 1980 870,775 868,550 103,570 11.9 764,980 2,220
1981 to 1990 949,895 948,240 139,715 14.7 808,520 1,650
1991 to 2000 1,539,055 1,536,975 270,270 17.6 1,266,700 2,075
2001 to 2011Footnote 19 2,154,990 2,150,655 593,935 27.6 1,556,725 4,330
2001 to 2005 992,070 990,460 197,240 19.9 793,220 1,610
2006 to 2011Footnote 20 1,162,915 1,160,200 396,690 34.2 763,510 2,720
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 21 356,385 353,980 134,900 38.1 219,085 2,400
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationFootnote 22 6,775,765 6,762,135 1,234,345 18.3 5,527,790 13,625
Under 5 years 671,795 670,040 121,805 18.2 548,235 1,750
5 to 14 years 1,186,050 1,183,680 220,460 18.6 963,225 2,365
15 to 24 years 1,540,430 1,537,100 251,345 16.4 1,285,760 3,330
25 to 44 years 2,767,110 2,761,925 503,340 18.2 2,258,585 5,185
45 years and over 610,380 609,385 137,395 22.5 471,990 995
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 23 32,852,325 32,386,170 4,812,115 14.9 27,574,050 466,155
Non-immigrantsFootnote 24 25,720,175 25,270,055 3,442,875 13.6 21,827,175 450,120
Born in province of residence 21,853,870 21,479,660 2,985,505 13.9 18,494,155 374,210
Born outside province of residence 3,866,305 3,790,395 457,375 12.1 3,333,020 75,910
ImmigrantsFootnote 25 6,775,765 6,762,140 1,234,345 18.3 5,527,790 13,630
Americas 1,060,230 1,057,310 194,325 18.4 862,990 2,920
United States 263,470 261,135 38,505 14.7 222,630 2,340
Jamaica 126,035 125,940 20,825 16.5 105,115 90
Guyana 87,945 87,920 11,515 13.1 76,410 20
Haiti 80,095 80,085 20,400 25.5 59,685 10
Mexico 69,690 69,615 17,545 25.2 52,070 80
Trinidad and Tobago 67,205 67,180 9,065 13.5 58,110 25
Colombia 60,555 60,505 18,600 30.7 41,900 55
El Salvador 43,655 43,635 7,920 18.2 35,715 20
Peru 26,715 26,680 5,340 20.0 21,340 30
Chile 25,200 25,145 4,250 16.9 20,900 50
Other places of birth in Americas 209,665 209,465 40,355 19.3 169,115 195
Europe 2,127,785 2,122,155 262,845 12.4 1,859,310 5,635
United KingdomFootnote 26 537,035 534,690 48,905 9.1 485,790 2,350
Italy 256,825 256,725 26,030 10.1 230,690 100
Germany 152,345 151,370 18,935 12.5 132,430 975
Poland 152,285 152,035 20,520 13.5 131,515 250
Portugal 138,520 138,505 15,195 11.0 123,305 15
Netherlands 98,510 98,040 9,785 10.0 88,255 465
France 90,440 90,255 13,635 15.1 76,620 190
Romania 82,595 82,555 10,595 12.8 71,960 40
Russian Federation 73,025 72,945 16,380 22.5 56,565 80
Greece 66,475 66,440 10,520 15.8 55,920 35
Ukraine 65,455 65,395 11,990 18.3 53,405 60
Croatia 40,015 39,970 4,345 10.9 35,625 40
Hungary 38,985 38,890 7,020 18.1 31,875 95
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,885 35,870 4,770 13.3 31,105 15
Serbia 32,600 32,565 4,125 12.7 28,445 35
Ireland, Republic of 28,040 27,880 2,875 10.3 25,005 155
Other places of birth in Europe 238,740 238,015 37,205 15.6 200,810 725
Africa 492,025 491,140 130,285 26.5 360,855 890
Morocco 56,280 56,245 19,045 33.9 37,200 30
Algeria 51,085 51,060 17,885 35.0 33,175 25
Egypt 49,930 49,905 10,620 21.3 39,285 30
South Africa, Republic of 40,550 40,340 3,490 8.7 36,850 210
Nigeria 27,625 27,600 7,585 27.5 20,010 25
Ethiopia 24,535 24,520 6,835 27.9 17,680 20
Kenya 24,510 24,480 3,740 15.3 20,745 30
Other places of birth in Africa 217,510 216,995 61,085 28.2 155,910 510
Asia 3,041,105 3,037,285 640,285 21.1 2,397,000 3,815
India 547,890 547,625 70,925 13.0 476,700 260
ChinaFootnote 27 545,535 545,160 136,070 25.0 409,085 380
Philippines 454,340 452,945 55,130 12.2 397,810 1,395
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 205,430 205,350 35,580 17.3 169,770 75
Viet NamFootnote 28 165,125 164,935 28,880 17.5 136,055 190
Pakistan 156,860 156,830 42,460 27.1 114,370 35
Sri Lanka 132,130 132,115 26,990 20.4 105,125 15
IranFootnote 29 120,685 120,070 37,150 30.9 82,925 620
Korea, SouthFootnote 30 112,400 112,135 39,225 35.0 72,900 265
Lebanon 81,105 81,065 19,915 24.6 61,145 45
Taiwan 66,455 66,360 22,975 34.6 43,385 95
Iraq 49,520 49,495 19,280 39.0 30,215 25
Bangladesh 45,325 45,305 16,210 35.8 29,090 20
Afghanistan 40,945 40,940 13,840 33.8 27,095 10
Japan 25,800 25,750 4,840 18.8 20,905 50
Turkey 25,275 25,255 7,330 29.0 17,920 20
Other places of birth in Asia 266,285 265,965 63,470 23.9 202,495 320
Oceania and otherFootnote 31 54,620 54,250 6,615 12.2 47,635 375
Fiji 24,285 24,240 3,390 14.0 20,855 45
Other places of birthFootnote 32 30,335 30,005 3,225 10.7 26,785 330
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 33 356,385 353,980 134,895 38.1 219,080 2,405
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 34 32,852,320 32,386,170 4,812,120 14.9 27,574,050 466,150
First generationFootnote 35 7,217,300 7,200,125 1,381,095 19.2 5,819,030 17,170
Second generationFootnote 36 5,702,725 5,680,250 777,525 13.7 4,902,725 22,475
Third generation or moreFootnote 37 19,932,300 19,505,795 2,653,495 13.6 16,852,295 426,505
Total population in private households by visible minorityFootnote 38 32,852,320 32,386,170 4,812,115 14.9 27,574,050 466,155
Total visible minority populationFootnote 39 6,264,750 6,257,000 1,346,405 21.5 4,910,600 7,745
South AsianFootnote 40 1,567,400 1,566,540 271,570 17.3 1,294,975 860
Chinese 1,324,750 1,323,600 286,310 21.6 1,037,285 1,145
Black 945,665 944,590 247,335 26.2 697,250 1,075
Filipino 619,310 617,450 69,680 11.3 547,770 1,855
Latin American 381,280 380,900 92,795 24.4 288,105 380
Arab 380,620 380,335 129,330 34.0 251,005 285
Southeast AsianFootnote 41 312,075 311,575 61,545 19.8 250,030 500
West AsianFootnote 42 206,840 206,220 68,765 33.3 137,450 625
Korean 161,130 160,680 57,880 36.0 102,805 450
Japanese 87,270 87,040 12,165 14.0 74,870 230
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 43 106,475 106,290 20,285 19.1 86,005 180
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 44 171,935 171,790 28,735 16.7 143,050 150
Not a visible minorityFootnote 45 26,587,570 26,129,170 3,465,715 13.3 22,663,455 458,410
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 32,852,320 32,386,170 4,812,115 14.9 27,574,050 466,155
Aboriginal identityFootnote 46 1,400,685 1,019,960 257,550 25.3 762,415 380,720
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 47 851,560 511,735 155,535 30.4 356,205 339,825
Métis single identity 451,795 444,395 88,740 20.0 355,655 7,400
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 59,440 27,645 5,950 21.5 21,690 31,800
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 48 11,415 11,190 3,000 26.8 8,195 225
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 49 26,475 25,000 4,325 17.3 20,670 1,475
Non-Aboriginal identity 31,451,640 31,366,210 4,554,570 14.5 26,811,640 85,430
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 50 32,852,325 32,386,170 4,812,120 14.9 27,574,050 466,150
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 51 697,505 362,375 117,525 32.4 244,855 335,130
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 32,154,815 32,023,790 4,694,590 14.7 27,329,200 131,020
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 52 32,852,325 32,386,170 4,812,115 14.9 27,574,050 466,155
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 53 1,836,035 1,456,300 323,900 22.2 1,132,405 379,735
First Nations (North American Indian) ancestryFootnote 54 1,369,120 1,024,900 250,185 24.4 774,715 344,220
Métis ancestry 447,655 439,635 77,785 17.7 361,855 8,015
Inuit ancestry 72,615 39,560 7,735 19.6 31,825 33,050
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 55 31,016,290 30,929,875 4,488,220 14.5 26,441,650 86,420
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 56 32,852,325 32,386,170 4,812,120 14.9 27,574,050 466,155
English 18,850,405 18,555,925 2,422,265 13.1 16,133,665 294,480
French 6,967,460 6,958,200 1,016,270 14.6 5,941,925 9,260
Non-official language 6,551,515 6,394,320 1,279,010 20.0 5,115,310 157,200
Aboriginal 193,855 46,500 15,780 33.9 30,720 147,350
Non-Aboriginal 6,357,660 6,347,820 1,263,225 19.9 5,084,590 9,840
English and French 57,820 57,465 10,410 18.1 47,055 355
English and non-official language 353,530 348,920 64,555 18.5 284,360 4,610
French and non-official language 65,315 65,085 18,025 27.7 47,060 230
English, French and non-official language 6,275 6,250 1,580 25.3 4,675 30
Total - First official language spokenFootnote 57 32,852,325 32,386,170 4,812,120 14.9 27,574,050 466,150
English 24,545,120 24,112,310 3,442,305 14.3 20,670,005 432,810
French 7,419,190 7,398,050 1,146,010 15.5 6,252,045 21,140
English and French 347,755 343,155 77,705 22.6 265,445 4,605
Neither English nor French 540,255 532,655 146,100 27.4 386,555 7,605
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 58 32,485,220 32,028,930 4,743,735 14.8 27,285,200 456,285
Non-movers 28,443,530 28,036,015 3,776,725 13.5 24,259,290 407,510
Movers 4,041,690 3,992,920 967,010 24.2 3,025,910 48,775
Non-migrants 2,380,370 2,350,985 554,370 23.6 1,796,615 29,385
Migrants 1,661,320 1,641,930 412,640 25.1 1,229,295 19,390
Internal migrants 1,359,105 1,340,680 269,210 20.1 1,071,470 18,430
Intraprovincial migrants 1,116,785 1,103,945 220,865 20.0 883,075 12,830
Interprovincial migrants 242,325 236,730 48,345 20.4 188,390 5,595
External migrants 302,215 301,250 143,425 47.6 157,825 965
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 59 30,978,630 30,561,910 4,480,395 14.7 26,081,520 416,720
Non-movers 19,010,730 18,727,885 2,205,305 11.8 16,522,575 282,845
Movers 11,967,905 11,834,030 2,275,085 19.2 9,558,940 133,875
Non-migrants 6,467,760 6,387,710 1,160,575 18.2 5,227,135 80,050
Migrants 5,500,140 5,446,320 1,114,515 20.5 4,331,805 53,820
Internal migrants 4,297,735 4,247,345 689,370 16.2 3,557,970 50,390
Intraprovincial migrants 3,442,070 3,409,155 553,465 16.2 2,855,685 32,915
Interprovincial migrants 855,670 838,185 135,905 16.2 702,280 17,480
External migrants 1,202,410 1,198,975 425,145 35.5 773,835 3,430
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 60 27,259,525 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,825
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,485,395 5,330,140 1,159,915 21.8 4,170,230 155,255
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 61 6,968,940 6,904,275 1,051,070 15.2 5,853,205 64,665
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 62 14,805,190 14,693,280 1,635,885 11.1 13,057,395 111,915
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 63 2,950,685 2,916,975 387,180 13.3 2,529,795 33,710
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 4,970,020 4,925,960 546,075 11.1 4,379,885 44,065
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 64 1,200,130 1,191,330 151,945 12.8 1,039,385 8,800
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 5,684,355 5,659,020 550,690 9.7 5,108,330 25,340
Bachelor's degree 3,634,425 3,616,975 345,785 9.6 3,271,190 17,450
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 65 2,049,930 2,042,045 204,900 10.0 1,837,145 7,890
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 66 18,383,920 18,166,380 2,507,335 13.8 15,659,050 217,535
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,330,580 2,248,465 568,165 25.3 1,680,295 82,115
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 67 4,270,660 4,229,470 645,020 15.3 3,584,455 41,195
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 68 11,782,680 11,688,450 1,294,150 11.1 10,394,305 94,230
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 69 2,218,800 2,191,675 301,440 13.8 1,890,235 27,125
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 3,913,710 3,876,420 424,750 11.0 3,451,670 37,290
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 70 894,750 887,430 115,980 13.1 771,450 7,315
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 4,755,420 4,732,925 451,980 9.5 4,280,945 22,495
Bachelor's degree 3,032,225 3,016,625 273,290 9.1 2,743,330 15,600
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 71 1,723,200 1,716,300 178,690 10.4 1,537,610 6,895
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 72 27,259,525 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,830
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 73 12,454,335 12,234,415 2,210,985 18.1 10,023,435 219,915
Education 1,109,455 1,098,825 79,265 7.2 1,019,570 10,630
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 548,625 546,370 83,600 15.3 462,765 2,260
Humanities 821,590 816,840 101,330 12.4 715,510 4,750
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,497,755 1,486,750 173,760 11.7 1,312,995 11,005
Business, management and public administration 3,187,575 3,165,940 341,160 10.8 2,824,780 21,630
Physical and life sciences and technologies 554,680 552,265 64,190 11.6 488,080 2,410
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 601,700 599,375 70,105 11.7 529,270 2,330
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,193,970 3,168,165 335,660 10.6 2,832,500 25,810
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 326,230 322,070 37,430 11.6 284,640 4,160
Health and related fieldsFootnote 74 2,060,600 2,046,645 220,695 10.8 1,825,955 13,960
Personal, protective and transportation services 900,005 887,115 128,210 14.5 758,905 12,885
Other fields of studyFootnote 75 2,990 2,910 490 16.8 2,420 80
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceFootnote 76 27,259,520 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,830
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,454,335 12,234,415 2,210,985 18.1 10,023,430 219,920
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 14,805,190 14,693,280 1,635,885 11.1 13,057,390 111,915
Location of study inside Canada 12,404,670 12,300,035 1,202,405 9.8 11,097,630 104,635
Same as province or territory of residence 10,920,860 10,847,900 1,073,175 9.9 9,774,725 72,960
Another province or territory 1,483,815 1,452,135 129,230 8.9 1,322,905 31,675
Location of study outside Canada 2,400,520 2,393,245 433,480 18.1 1,959,765 7,275
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 77 27,259,525 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,830
In the labour force 17,990,080 17,811,035 1,818,685 10.2 15,992,345 179,045
Employed 16,595,030 16,451,060 1,499,295 9.1 14,951,770 143,975
Unemployed 1,395,050 1,359,975 319,395 23.5 1,040,580 35,075
Not in the labour force 9,269,445 9,116,660 2,028,185 22.2 7,088,480 152,780
Participation rate 66.0 66.1 47.3 not applicable ... 69.3 54.0
Employment rate 60.9 61.1 39.0 not applicable ... 64.8 43.4
Unemployment rate 7.8 7.6 17.6 not applicable ... 6.5 19.6
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by class of workerFootnote 78 27,259,520 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,830
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 79 8,126,215 7,984,420 1,937,555 24.3 6,046,865 141,800
All classes of workerFootnote 80 19,133,310 18,943,275 1,909,315 10.1 17,033,960 190,030
Employee 17,036,910 16,856,830 1,559,605 9.3 15,297,225 180,080
Self-employedFootnote 81 2,096,400 2,086,450 349,710 16.8 1,736,735 9,950
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 82 27,259,525 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,825
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 83 8,126,215 7,984,415 1,937,555 24.3 6,046,865 141,800
All occupationsFootnote 84 19,133,310 18,943,275 1,909,315 10.1 17,033,960 190,030
0 Management occupations 2,056,200 2,039,880 157,555 7.7 1,882,325 16,320
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 3,143,880 3,118,110 233,735 7.5 2,884,370 25,775
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,306,595 1,299,415 80,290 6.2 1,219,120 7,180
3 Health occupations 1,175,800 1,169,510 80,735 6.9 1,088,775 6,295
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,249,270 2,212,765 185,810 8.4 2,026,955 36,505
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 591,350 586,680 77,030 13.1 509,645 4,670
6 Sales and service occupations 4,560,915 4,519,195 665,380 14.7 3,853,815 41,715
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,717,620 2,681,355 278,360 10.4 2,403,000 36,270
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 460,945 450,165 59,690 13.3 390,475 10,780
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 870,730 866,210 90,720 10.5 775,490 4,520
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 85 27,259,525 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,825
Industry - not applicableFootnote 86 8,126,215 7,984,420 1,937,550 24.3 6,046,865 141,795
All industriesFootnote 87 19,133,310 18,943,280 1,909,315 10.1 17,033,960 190,035
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 485,495 479,150 69,575 14.5 409,580 6,340
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 276,345 271,255 14,265 5.3 256,990 5,085
22 Utilities 158,935 156,820 6,165 3.9 150,655 2,115
23 Construction 1,309,595 1,293,445 141,520 10.9 1,151,925 16,145
31-33 Manufacturing 1,722,465 1,718,050 139,265 8.1 1,578,780 4,420
41 Wholesale trade 776,805 775,035 60,125 7.8 714,910 1,775
44-45 Retail trade 2,244,475 2,227,785 273,710 12.3 1,954,080 16,690
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 884,070 876,670 88,705 10.1 787,960 7,400
51 Information and cultural industries 450,115 447,900 36,750 8.2 411,150 2,215
52 Finance and insurance 811,985 810,370 46,855 5.8 763,520 1,615
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 349,595 347,375 36,910 10.6 310,465 2,220
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,339,010 1,334,430 111,065 8.3 1,223,365 4,580
55 Management of companies and enterprises 19,075 18,900 1,340 7.1 17,555 180
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 812,150 805,515 134,600 16.7 670,915 6,640
61 Educational services 1,432,160 1,415,275 110,365 7.8 1,304,910 16,890
62 Health care and social assistance 2,089,390 2,067,535 174,250 8.4 1,893,285 21,855
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 436,285 431,670 54,970 12.7 376,700 4,605
72 Accommodation and food services 1,289,260 1,279,595 231,525 18.1 1,048,075 9,665
81 Other services (except public administration) 882,275 876,750 113,905 13.0 762,845 5,525
91 Public administration 1,363,830 1,309,745 63,455 4.8 1,246,290 54,080
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010Footnote 88 27,259,520 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,830 331,830
Did not work in 2010Footnote 89 8,738,170 8,585,835 2,121,090 24.7 6,464,745 152,340
Worked in 2010 18,521,355 18,341,860 1,725,775 9.4 16,616,085 179,495
1 to 13 weeks 1,361,560 1,337,665 253,100 18.9 1,084,570 23,895
14 to 26 weeks 1,741,310 1,714,515 276,390 16.1 1,438,125 26,800
27 to 39 weeks 1,251,030 1,237,730 176,130 14.2 1,061,595 13,300
40 to 48 weeks 2,895,160 2,876,390 284,985 9.9 2,591,410 18,770
49 to 52 weeks 11,272,285 11,175,555 735,165 6.6 10,440,395 96,730
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.1 43.2 36.9 not applicable ... 43.8 39.1
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010Footnote 90 27,259,525 26,927,695 3,846,870 14.3 23,080,825 331,825
Did not work in 2010Footnote 91 8,738,175 8,585,835 2,121,090 24.7 6,464,745 152,340
Worked in 2010 18,521,355 18,341,860 1,725,775 9.4 16,616,080 179,490
Worked full-time in 2010 14,432,455 14,284,185 1,104,580 7.7 13,179,605 148,270
Worked part-time in 2010 4,088,900 4,057,675 621,195 15.3 3,436,475 31,220

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Low income can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT).

For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household.

All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status.

Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006.

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Footnote 4

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting or fishing) could have made the interpretation of low-income rates more difficult.

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Footnote 5

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 7

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families.

Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person.

Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person.

Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 8

This category includes economic families where the reference person does not have a spouse or partner, nor a child in the family, only other relatives.

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Footnote 9

Economic family status - Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not the persons are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 10

Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Persons in the economic family other than the economic family reference person are classified as the married spouse or the common-law partner of the reference person, children of the reference person (including grandchildren), or other economic family members (including foster children). Children of the reference person may be of any age or marital status.

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 11

Household living arrangements
Part A - Short definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, and whether they are family persons or persons not in a census family.
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, that is, whether or not they are living in a household that contains at least one census family, and whether they are members of a census family or not in a census family. Persons not in census families are further classified as living with relatives, living with non-relatives (only) or living alone.

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Footnote 12

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 13

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 14

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 15

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 16

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 17

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 18

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 19

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 20

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 21

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 22

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 23

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 24

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 25

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 26

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 27

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 28

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 29

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 30

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 31

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 32

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 33

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 34

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 35

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 36

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 37

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 38

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups:  South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

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Footnote 39

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 40

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 41

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 42

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 43

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 44

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 45

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 46

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 47

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.


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Footnote 48

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 49

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 50

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 51

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian. 'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 52

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 53

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'

Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 54

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 55

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 56

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 57

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Footnote 58

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 59

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 60

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 61

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 62

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 63

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 64

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 65

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 66

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 67

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 68

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 69

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 70

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 71

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 72

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.



For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.



For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 73

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 74

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 75

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 76

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 78

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 79

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 80

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 81

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 82

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 83

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 84

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 85

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 86

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 87

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 89

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 91

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011043.

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