2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Religion (108), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :99-010-X2011032
Release date :May 8, 2013
Topic :Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Confidentiality disclosure control for the National Household Survey (NHS)

Disclosure control rules have been applied to data tables available from the National Household Survey (NHS). The number of actual records used to derive any number in a table must meet a minimum criterion. For a table cell where this criterion is not met, the number is replaced by a zero. Due to this disclosure control, subtotals will not necessarily aggregate to the total. As well, users should note that random rounding has also been applied to the data.

Note: Differences between the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates and census counts

The 2011 Census of Population and the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) both provide information on the Canadian population for various levels of geography and for numerous common topics (e.g., demography, marital status, family and language) including characteristics associated to these topics. It is possible that differences exist between the 2011 Census count and the NHS estimate. Two reasons can explain these differences:

- The definition of the population of each data source: the target population for the 2011 Census includes usual residents in collective dwellings and persons living abroad, whereas the target population for the NHS excludes them.

- The variability of the estimates for the NHS: the NHS estimates are derived from a sample survey and are therefore subject to sampling error; they are also subject to potentially higher non-response error than in the census due to the survey's voluntary nature.


Note: The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates - quality indicators

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.


Note: Non-permanent residents and the NHS universe

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) included information about non-permanent residents in Canada. Non-permanent residents are defined as persons from another country who, at the time of the survey, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as non-Canadian-born family members living in Canada with them. The non-permanent resident population is identified from responses to the citizenship and landed immigrant status questions. Persons who are not Canadian citizens by birth and who answered 'No' to the landed immigrant status question are considered non permanent residents.

The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the NHS facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population and provides information for planning of services, such as health care, education and employment programs. As well, the inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the estimate of this population.


Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details religion , immigrant status and period of immigration , age groups and sex for the population in private households in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Religion (108) Immigrant status and period of immigration (11)
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration Non-immigrantsFootnote 3 ImmigrantsFootnote 4 Before 1971 1971 to 1980 1981 to 1990 1991 to 2000 2001 to 2011Footnote 5 2001 to 2005 2006 to 2011 Non-permanent residentsFootnote 6
Total - Religion 32,852,320 25,720,175 6,775,765 1,261,060 870,775 949,890 1,539,055 2,154,985 992,075 1,162,915 356,380
Buddhist 366,830 104,955 252,585 8,845 40,965 70,910 69,530 62,335 29,670 32,660 9,290
Christian 22,102,745 18,253,790 3,669,435 988,265 524,320 500,460 690,090 966,300 413,440 552,860 179,520
Anglican 1,631,845 1,414,665 211,225 103,545 46,180 21,260 17,015 23,225 10,465 12,765 5,960
Baptist 635,840 514,775 114,300 20,785 17,305 16,295 24,390 35,530 14,285 21,250 6,760
Catholic 12,810,705 10,784,945 1,928,125 520,475 281,875 294,745 346,690 484,340 195,540 288,800 97,635
Assyrian Chaldean Catholic 1,510 260 1,245 30 0 40 280 895 155 740 0
Greek Catholic, n.o.s. 14,255 8,640 5,560 1,340 320 510 1,490 1,905 1,220 685 55
Maronite 6,415 2,075 4,280 305 485 1,075 980 1,430 475 955 65
Melkite 1,170 405 750 135 15 270 110 215 35 180 15
Roman Catholic 12,728,885 10,725,035 1,906,440 514,690 280,275 291,605 341,970 477,905 192,565 285,340 97,405
Ukrainian Catholic 51,790 45,270 6,450 3,645 350 705 890 865 505 355 65
Catholic, n.i.e.Footnote 7 6,695 3,260 3,405 330 430 540 975 1,130 585 545 30
Christian Orthodox 550,690 231,745 313,640 61,955 30,775 25,610 87,665 107,635 58,135 49,495 5,300
Antiochian Orthodox 1,220 645 575 100 100 185 80 110 100 0 0
Armenian Orthodox/Apostolic 13,730 4,235 9,450 1,970 1,940 2,135 1,640 1,770 745 1,020 50
Bulgarian Orthodox 1,765 235 1,520 0 0 55 420 1,035 625 405 0
Coptic Orthodox 16,255 3,365 12,645 470 670 2,050 4,230 5,230 2,025 3,200 240
Ethiopian Orthodox 3,025 765 2,245 0 80 420 575 1,170 590 585 20
Greek Orthodox 220,255 124,985 94,360 40,070 16,330 7,910 14,430 15,630 9,050 6,580 905
Macedonian Orthodox 4,945 2,625 2,300 750 430 265 415 445 300 140 15
Romanian Orthodox 7,090 2,100 4,945 245 255 530 1,770 2,135 1,305 830 40
Russian Orthodox 25,245 5,565 19,135 965 215 255 7,210 10,495 6,185 4,310 540
Serbian Orthodox 22,780 7,400 15,240 1,500 1,125 1,015 9,565 2,045 1,320 720 135
Syrian/Syriac Orthodox 3,060 1,005 2,000 65 240 300 540 850 245 610 55
Ukrainian Orthodox 23,845 19,695 3,990 1,045 90 265 1,125 1,460 775 685 165
Christian Orthodox, n.i.e. 207,480 59,120 145,230 14,770 9,295 10,225 45,670 65,260 34,865 30,400 3,130
Lutheran 478,185 391,110 84,555 58,440 8,700 5,485 4,945 6,990 3,040 3,945 2,515
Pentecostal 478,705 354,320 118,120 13,865 17,220 18,160 27,520 41,350 15,800 25,555 6,265
Presbyterian 472,385 374,110 94,485 37,600 16,150 9,305 14,300 17,135 9,235 7,900 3,790
United Church 2,007,610 1,915,075 90,570 50,105 15,490 7,355 7,490 10,125 5,100 5,025 1,965
Other Christian 3,036,785 2,273,050 714,415 121,500 90,620 102,245 160,080 239,970 101,845 138,125 49,320
Amish 3,310 3,020 285 115 0 10 105 30 20 15 0
Apostolic Christian Church 1,600 810 765 170 160 110 195 125 60 65 20
Associated Gospel 5,700 5,270 425 180 110 60 60 15 0 0 0
Brethren in Christ 18,110 16,060 2,000 825 390 190 285 320 200 120 50
Charismatic 1,965 1,495 350 40 60 30 30 190 90 100 120
Christadelphian 3,000 2,385 580 190 180 95 35 85 50 35 35
Christian and Missionary Alliance 50,725 42,320 8,280 1,435 1,740 1,370 2,180 1,550 855 700 130
Christian Congregational 2,510 1,930 540 270 100 35 20 110 20 95 35
Christian or Plymouth Brethren 5,370 4,425 920 410 170 45 105 190 85 100 25
Churches of Christ/Christian ChurchesFootnote 8 15,820 7,585 7,580 380 365 635 1,920 4,280 1,220 3,055 655
Church of God 7,290 4,090 3,015 585 530 455 545 905 230 670 185
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 105,365 89,245 14,335 2,735 1,955 1,715 2,640 5,290 1,970 3,320 1,790
Church of the Nazarene 9,015 7,830 1,170 240 180 215 190 340 160 180 20
Community of ChristFootnote 9 3,300 3,160 135 80 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
Doukhobor 2,290 2,280 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Evangelical, n.o.s. 92,655 71,790 19,790 3,075 2,440 2,825 4,105 7,345 3,180 4,170 1,080
Evangelical Free Church 6,540 5,510 1,025 280 105 125 325 185 80 105 0
Evangelical Missionary Church 7,820 7,140 670 290 65 100 115 95 30 65 0
Free Methodist 10,560 9,880 660 295 90 70 95 110 60 50 0
Grace Communion InternationalFootnote 10 605 455 150 70 0 0 30 30 0 30 0
Iglesia ni Cristo 4,980 980 3,680 0 265 450 960 1,995 505 1,495 320
Jehovah's Witness 137,775 105,615 30,565 7,240 5,045 4,645 5,230 8,400 3,270 5,125 1,605
Mennonite 175,880 147,065 28,070 6,860 3,385 3,950 5,465 8,410 4,840 3,565 750
Methodist, n.i.e. 22,750 8,260 13,385 2,550 2,650 1,815 2,490 3,890 1,760 2,125 1,105
Mission de l'Esprit Saint 515 485 35 0 0 0 0 10 0 10 0
Moravian 5,020 4,440 530 130 155 85 60 105 0 100 45
New Apostolic 5,220 3,750 1,460 740 130 155 170 260 145 115 0
Protestant, n.o.s. 550,965 455,950 90,685 33,955 14,975 11,200 12,395 18,165 7,315 10,850 4,330
Quaker 2,720 1,700 1,000 535 200 65 70 125 65 65 25
Reformed 102,830 77,400 25,015 16,705 2,050 1,490 2,130 2,640 1,330 1,310 420
Canadian Reformed Church 10,115 8,600 1,495 855 180 175 130 150 70 85 25
Christian Reformed Church 65,400 50,250 15,040 11,325 1,090 710 1,045 865 450 420 110
Dutch Reformed Church 4,355 2,355 1,910 755 290 125 195 550 225 325 85
Free Reformed Church 1,720 1,255 460 270 0 20 65 90 70 0 0
Netherlands Reformed 2,255 1,815 435 185 35 40 165 0 0 0 0
United Reformed Church 3,065 2,255 795 595 35 60 35 70 30 45 10
Reformed, n.i.e. 15,930 10,870 4,880 2,725 415 350 495 900 490 410 185
Salvation Army 70,955 68,550 2,355 1,120 475 165 115 475 160 315 55
Seventh-day Adventist 66,940 34,465 30,100 3,615 4,980 4,535 6,250 10,730 3,750 6,975 2,375
Swedenborgian (New Church) 830 710 125 70 10 45 0 0 0 0 0
Vineyard Christian Fellowship 1,585 1,520 65 30 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
WesleyanFootnote 11 13,295 12,300 965 340 115 100 155 260 140 120 25
Interdenominational Christian 1,820 1,485 320 25 60 20 25 185 75 110 0
Non-denominational Christian 43,590 38,755 4,650 990 875 785 940 1,055 485 575 185
Christian, n.i.e.Footnote 12 1,475,575 1,022,960 418,725 34,905 46,550 64,610 110,620 162,040 69,665 92,370 33,890
Hindu 497,960 131,200 350,655 9,790 32,235 49,735 105,105 153,800 77,415 76,380 16,105
Jewish 329,500 226,520 99,250 27,810 16,300 15,460 18,235 21,445 10,660 10,785 3,725
Muslim 1,053,945 294,710 720,125 8,720 44,900 68,230 210,680 387,590 184,840 202,745 39,110
Sikh 454,965 162,670 284,610 9,655 33,965 43,270 90,720 107,000 51,615 55,385 7,685
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 64,940 63,825 800 170 110 135 140 255 65 185 315
Other religions 130,835 92,270 37,210 5,775 5,265 6,865 8,160 11,140 5,780 5,365 1,350
Baha'i 18,945 9,725 9,040 600 850 2,935 1,865 2,790 1,640 1,155 180
Eckankar 2,255 1,820 430 130 45 35 100 115 30 85 0
Gnostic 870 695 180 0 50 65 10 40 25 20 0
Jain 3,320 745 2,470 140 430 225 490 1,195 610 580 105
New Age 2,230 2,050 175 0 50 45 40 35 20 0 0
New Thought-Unity-Religious Science 2,565 2,115 435 165 55 50 40 135 90 45 0
Pagan 25,495 23,430 1,930 570 370 295 280 420 145 275 135
Wiccan 10,225 9,480 710 215 115 85 140 150 50 105 35
Pagan, n.i.e. 15,265 13,945 1,225 350 250 210 140 270 100 170 100
Pantheist 1,000 845 150 30 35 0 35 35 0 35 10
Rastafarian 1,055 645 380 15 130 65 80 85 35 55 30
Satanist 1,050 980 65 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 0
Scientologist 1,745 1,515 210 75 20 25 30 55 30 25 20
Shinto 915 165 630 80 55 30 100 365 140 225 115
Spiritualist 4,315 3,495 745 305 110 35 165 125 35 90 75
Taoist 3,620 1,520 2,030 125 365 505 575 455 260 200 65
Unitarian 15,125 11,650 3,365 1,860 560 305 240 395 155 235 115
Zoroastrian 6,130 1,085 5,020 375 775 725 1,545 1,595 1,080 515 0
Other religions, n.i.e. 40,195 29,795 9,945 1,265 1,355 1,505 2,545 3,285 1,460 1,825 455
No religious affiliation 7,850,605 6,390,230 1,361,100 202,025 172,705 194,835 346,395 445,130 218,590 226,545 99,285
Agnostic 36,285 31,600 4,340 1,065 760 685 795 1,035 585 445 345
Atheist 48,675 42,035 6,140 1,225 905 930 1,325 1,750 740 1,015 500
Humanist 3,455 2,705 695 235 110 50 155 145 80 65 45
No religion 7,745,535 6,298,990 1,348,345 199,355 170,660 192,840 343,750 441,740 216,960 224,775 98,200
No religious affiliation, n.i.e. 16,660 14,895 1,580 155 270 325 365 465 220 250 190

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 4

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 5

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 7

Catholic, n.i.e. includes, for example, Polish Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Catholic, Catholic not included elsewhere, etc.

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Footnote 8

Churches of Christ/Christian Churches includes Disciples of Christ.

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Footnote 9

Community of Christ was formerly known as 'Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.'

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Footnote 10

Grace Communion International was formerly known as 'Worldwide Church of God.'

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Footnote 11

Wesleyan includes Standard Church.

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Footnote 12

Christian, n.i.e. includes those who report only 'Christian' and Christian religions not included elsewhere such as Born Again Christian, Apostolic not included elsewhere, Messianic Jew, Hutterite, etc.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011032.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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