NHS Profile, Peterborough, CTY, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Peterborough, CTY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough, CTY
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 131,925 64,230 67,700
Canadian citizens 129,785 63,220 66,575
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,205 12,570 11,635
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 105,580 50,650 54,935
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,140 1,015 1,125
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 131,930 64,230 67,695
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 120,695 58,745 61,950
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 10,755 5,205 5,550
Before 1971 5,625 2,785 2,845
1971 to 1980 1,520 730 790
1981 to 1990 1,195 510 685
1991 to 2000 985 520 465
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,425 660 760
2001 to 2005 835 410 425
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 595 255 340
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 475 280 195
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 10,760 5,205 5,555
Under 5 years 1,645 850 795
5 to 14 years 2,460 1,375 1,090
15 to 24 years 2,515 1,135 1,375
25 to 44 years 3,640 1,615 2,025
45 years and over 490 230 260
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 131,925 64,230 67,700
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 120,695 58,740 61,950
Born in province of residence 111,235 54,360 56,870
Born outside province of residence 9,465 4,385 5,080
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 10,760 5,210 5,550
Americas 1,600 660 935
United States 975 370 605
Jamaica 65 35 30
Guyana 25 0 20
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 60 35 20
Trinidad and Tobago 100 35 70
Colombia 70 35 35
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 255 120 135
Europe 7,075 3,465 3,615
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,890 1,865 2,025
Italy 255 175 75
Germany 670 295 385
Poland 285 120 170
Portugal 70 35 30
Netherlands 805 430 365
France 80 0 70
Romania 35 20 15
Russian Federation 45 25 15
Greece 20 20 0
Ukraine 25 0 0
Croatia 30 20 0
Hungary 80 35 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 40 25 0
Ireland, Republic of 115 50 60
Other places of birth in Europe 625 320 300
Africa 300 190 115
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 45 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 130 90 45
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 65 30 35
Asia 1,675 820 860
India 290 150 140
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 225 100 120
Philippines 115 35 80
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 50 25 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 40 20 20
Pakistan 220 100 125
Sri Lanka 30 10 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 65 40 25
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 260 120 130
Lebanon 0 0 0
Taiwan 15 0 0
Iraq 15 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 35 0 0
Japan 15 0 15
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 300 175 120
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 100 70 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 85 65 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 475 280 195
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 590 255 340
Americas 135 55 80
United States 50 25 30
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 50 25 30
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 20 0 0
Europe 210 85 120
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 135 60 80
Other places of birth in Europe 60 0 40
Africa 25 15 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 220 100 120
Philippines 25 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 45 10 35
India 30 20 0
Pakistan 30 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 55 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 131,925 64,235 67,700
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 11,510 5,655 5,850
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 19,430 9,025 10,400
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 100,990 49,550 51,440
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 131,930 64,230 67,695
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,040 2,055 1,990
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 885 480 405
Chinese 565 260 310
Black 785 385 400
Filipino 160 60 105
Latin American 240 125 115
Arab 170 100 75
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 430 230 205
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 140 75 65
Korean 285 145 140
Japanese 105 45 65
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 100 60 40
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 155 95 60
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 127,890 62,175 65,705
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 131,925 64,230 67,695
North American Aboriginal origins 6,785 3,200 3,590
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,540 2,665 2,875
Inuit 65 30 30
Métis 1,250 535 715
Other North American origins 49,405 23,960 25,440
Acadian 185 60 125
American 2,145 1,070 1,080
Canadian 47,695 23,195 24,500
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 275 120 155
Nova Scotian 20 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 103,595 50,145 53,450
British Isles origins 88,170 42,575 45,600
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 20 0 0
English 53,400 25,610 27,790
Irish 41,705 19,790 21,920
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 33,030 15,875 17,155
Welsh 3,125 1,550 1,585
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,875 1,795 2,080
French origins 15,245 6,925 8,315
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 15,245 6,925 8,320
Western European origins (except French origins) 20,860 9,760 11,100
Austrian 860 510 345
Belgian 315 110 205
Dutch 7,390 3,435 3,960
Flemish 20 0 15
Frisian 45 0 35
German 13,410 6,240 7,170
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 465 195 270
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,720 1,240 1,490
Danish 765 360 410
Finnish 505 230 275
Icelandic 75 50 25
Norwegian 530 170 360
Swedish 835 435 400
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 140 60 85
Eastern European origins 7,725 3,570 4,155
Bulgarian 135 35 100
Byelorussian 40 0 0
Czech 345 185 160
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 30 0 20
Estonian 150 105 40
Hungarian 790 380 405
Latvian 65 50 0
Lithuanian 215 135 75
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 3,020 1,280 1,740
Romanian 355 225 130
Russian 930 475 460
Slovak 115 60 55
Ukrainian 2,245 1,000 1,245
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 35 0 0
Southern European origins 7,120 3,580 3,540
Albanian 125 65 65
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 315 175 140
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 320 150 170
Italian 4,445 2,310 2,130
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 105 35 65
Maltese 250 115 130
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 825 420 405
Serbian 80 65 0
Sicilian 30 15 15
Slovenian 95 65 35
Spanish 695 320 380
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 220 90 130
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 570 325 245
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 460 260 195
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 105 50 55
Caribbean origins 910 425 485
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 30 30 0
Barbadian 210 90 125
Bermudan 35 20 15
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 55 0 45
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 10 0 0
Jamaican 280 140 140
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 80 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 105 45 55
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 95 50 50
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 515 265 255
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 40 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 65 35 30
Chilean 50 15 30
Colombian 90 60 35
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 85 30 55
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 15 0 0
Mexican 100 45 55
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 25 0 0
Salvadorean 15 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 645 370 275
Central and West African origins 85 80 0
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 65 65 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 75 40 40
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 70 35 40
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 140 60 75
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 70 40 25
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 40 0 35
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 345 185 160
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 65 55 10
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 280 130 150
Asian origins 3,345 1,725 1,625
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 505 280 225
Afghan 75 40 40
Arab, n.o.s. 35 25 10
Armenian 35 20 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 80 50 30
Iraqi 15 10 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 60 25 40
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 60 40 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 30 0 20
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 0 0
South Asian origins 1,080 590 490
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 775 445 330
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 25 0 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 340 190 145
Punjabi 35 0 20
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 70 35 30
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,780 865 915
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 185 95 85
Chinese 810 390 415
Filipino 235 80 150
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 130 60 70
Korean 335 160 175
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 95 45 45
Tibetan 15 0 0
Vietnamese 75 60 20
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 175 90 85
Australian 130 70 65
New Zealander 40 0 25
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 131,925 64,230 67,695
Buddhist 460 220 245
Christian 91,095 42,510 48,585
Anglican 12,980 5,860 7,125
Baptist 2,645 1,195 1,455
Catholic 30,615 14,705 15,915
Christian Orthodox 290 155 135
Lutheran 900 410 490
Pentecostal 3,110 1,365 1,745
Presbyterian 3,900 1,660 2,240
United Church 22,925 10,845 12,085
Other Christian 13,725 6,315 7,405
Hindu 240 135 110
Jewish 420 155 260
Muslim 630 345 280
Sikh 55 25 25
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 230 115 115
Other religions 995 430 560
No religious affiliation 37,805 20,290 17,510
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 131,930 64,235 67,695
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,810 2,295 2,520
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,330 1,605 1,725
Métis single identity 1,195 590 615
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 80 35 45
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 45 15 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 160 55 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 127,120 61,935 65,180
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 131,925 64,230 67,700
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,185 1,010 1,175
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 129,745 63,215 66,525
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 131,925 64,235 67,695
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 6,785 3,200 3,590
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,540 2,665 2,875
Métis ancestry 1,245 530 715
Inuit ancestry 60 30 30
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 125,140 61,030 64,110
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 8,600 4,110 4,500
Aboriginal languages 285 145 145
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 265 130 135
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,315 3,965 4,355
Italian 585 325 265
Portuguese 310 160 155
Romanian 35 20 10
Spanish 1,390 625 755
Dutch 965 490 470
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,200 570 630
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 95 40 55
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 60 0 45
Afrikaans 45 20 25
Gaelic languages 75 25 50
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 55 25 30
Czech 65 25 35
Macedonian 20 10 0
Polish 485 190 295
Russian 170 65 105
Serbian 30 20 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 25 0 0
Ukrainian 145 75 70
Latvian 35 20 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 80 40 40
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 90 40 40
Estonian 45 20 20
Finnish 55 20 35
Hungarian 100 55 45
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 25 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 225 135 85
Hebrew 30 0 15
Maltese 70 45 20
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 75 45 30
Hindi 205 100 105
Konkani 35 0 0
Marathi 10 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 150 80 60
Sindhi 20 0 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 315 165 150
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 70 30 35
Persian (Farsi) 95 60 35
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 35 15 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 70 25 50
Korean 280 140 135
Cantonese 115 60 55
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 90 35 55
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 100 80
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 45 0 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 75 75
Vietnamese 50 30 20
Bisayan languages 20 0 15
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 135 25 110
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 20 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 40 0 20
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 335 135 205
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 130,740 63,560 67,180
Non-movers 115,145 56,000 59,145
Movers 15,595 7,560 8,035
Non-migrants 8,700 4,220 4,480
Migrants 6,895 3,340 3,560
Internal migrants 6,565 3,205 3,365
Intraprovincial migrants 6,015 2,935 3,080
Interprovincial migrants 550 270 285
External migrants 325 140 190
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 125,725 61,040 64,685
Non-movers 80,865 39,265 41,605
Movers 44,855 21,775 23,080
Non-migrants 22,980 11,175 11,810
Migrants 21,875 10,605 11,270
Internal migrants 20,665 10,050 10,615
Intraprovincial migrants 19,175 9,290 9,880
Interprovincial migrants 1,490 760 730
External migrants 1,215 555 655
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 112,715 54,150 58,560
No certificate, diploma or degree 22,035 10,830 11,205
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 31,900 15,630 16,270
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 58,775 27,690 31,085
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,610 7,370 3,235
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 26,485 10,615 15,865
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,905 1,150 1,760
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 18,780 8,555 10,220
Bachelor's degree 11,175 4,830 6,345
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,600 3,725 3,875
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 69,980 33,480 36,500
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,875 4,375 3,505
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,750 9,405 9,345
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 43,350 19,700 23,650
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,935 4,595 2,340
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 19,830 8,030 11,800
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,955 745 1,205
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,630 6,330 8,300
Bachelor's degree 8,790 3,745 5,050
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,835 2,585 3,255
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 112,715 54,150 58,565
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 53,935 26,460 27,475
Education 5,220 1,385 3,830
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,605 735 875
Humanities 3,180 1,360 1,820
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,015 2,235 3,785
Business, management and public administration 10,550 3,720 6,830
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,260 1,275 980
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,465 770 690
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 12,265 11,675 590
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,810 1,185 620
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 10,430 1,355 9,080
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,975 2,005 1,970
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 112,715 54,155 58,560
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 53,935 26,460 27,480
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 58,775 27,690 31,085
Location of study inside Canada 54,490 25,415 29,075
Same as province or territory of residence 51,825 24,230 27,595
Another province or territory 2,665 1,185 1,480
Location of study outside Canada 4,280 2,275 2,005
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 71,840 36,370 35,470
Single responses 71,695 36,320 35,380
English 71,350 36,200 35,150
French 240 75 165
Non-official languages 110 40 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 35 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 50 0 40
Multiple responses 145 55 90
English and French 90 40 45
English and non-official language 60 15 40
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 71,845 36,375 35,470
English 71,350 36,200 35,145
French 240 75 165
Non-official language 110 45 65
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 110 40 70
English and French 85 40 50
English and non-official language 60 15 40
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 112,710 54,150 58,565
In the labour force 67,445 34,300 33,145
Employed 61,565 30,890 30,675
Unemployed 5,880 3,415 2,470
Not in the labour force 45,260 19,845 25,420
Participation rate 59.8 63.3 56.6
Employment rate 54.6 57.0 52.4
Unemployment rate 8.7 10.0 7.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 67,445 34,305 33,145
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,150 1,190 960
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 65,300 33,115 32,185
Employee 57,510 28,365 29,150
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,785 4,750 3,035
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 67,445 34,300 33,145
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,145 1,190 960
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 65,300 33,110 32,190
0 Management occupations 6,530 3,835 2,700
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,940 2,245 6,700
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,705 2,910 795
3 Health occupations 5,050 790 4,260
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,925 3,065 5,855
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,690 790 900
6 Sales and service occupations 16,465 7,250 9,220
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,680 9,080 605
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,260 890 370
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,055 2,260 785
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 67,450 34,300 33,145
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,150 1,190 960
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 65,300 33,115 32,185
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,190 725 470
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 345 305 40
22 Utilities 880 785 95
23 Construction 4,870 4,505 365
31-33 Manufacturing 5,705 4,245 1,460
41 Wholesale trade 2,470 1,840 635
44-45 Retail trade 8,425 3,940 4,485
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,320 1,625 690
51 Information and cultural industries 1,210 745 465
52 Finance and insurance 2,045 700 1,350
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,110 620 490
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,150 1,575 1,580
55 Management of companies and enterprises 15 0 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,290 1,880 1,405
61 Educational services 5,825 2,040 3,790
62 Health care and social assistance 8,675 1,455 7,220
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,750 755 1,005
72 Accommodation and food services 4,500 1,875 2,625
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,405 1,510 1,895
91 Public administration 4,115 1,990 2,130
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 67,450 34,305 33,145
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,690 1,945 1,750
Worked in 2010 63,755 32,360 31,395
1 to 13 weeks 3,385 1,580 1,805
14 to 26 weeks 4,525 2,250 2,275
27 to 39 weeks 4,340 2,370 1,965
40 to 48 weeks 8,090 3,820 4,270
49 to 52 weeks 43,415 22,335 21,080
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.0 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 67,450 34,305 33,145
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,690 1,945 1,750
Worked in 2010 63,755 32,360 31,395
Worked full-time in 2010 47,920 26,505 21,415
Worked part-time in 2010 15,840 5,855 9,985
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 61,565 30,890 30,675
Worked at home 4,650 2,460 2,190
Worked outside Canada 130 80 50
No fixed workplace address 7,130 5,010 2,120
Worked at usual place 49,655 23,345 26,315
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 56,785 28,350 28,435
Car, truck or van - as a driver 45,710 23,000 22,710
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,950 1,745 2,200
Public transit 1,805 690 1,120
Walked 3,855 1,990 1,860
Bicycle 885 630 255
Other methods 585 290 295
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 56,790 28,350 28,435
Median commuting duration 15.8 18.6 15.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 56,790 28,350 28,435
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 13,075 8,675 4,400
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,040 13,805 18,235
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,675 5,870 5,805
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 55,635 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 51,535 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,105 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 55,640 ... ...
1960 or before 20,170 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,575 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,125 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,820 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,840 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 55,640 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,135 ... ...
5 rooms 7,735 ... ...
6 rooms 8,640 ... ...
7 rooms 8,465 ... ...
8 or more rooms 20,665 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 55,635 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 5,670 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,645 ... ...
3 bedrooms 23,170 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 14,155 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 55,635 ... ...
Owner 42,195 ... ...
Renter 13,430 ... ...
Band housing 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 55,635 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,905 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 53,730 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 55,640 ... ...
1 household maintainer 32,215 ... ...
2 household maintainers 22,310 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,115 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 55,635 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,950 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,655 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,565 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,495 ... ...
55 to 64 years 11,580 ... ...
65 to 74 years 8,125 ... ...
75 years and over 8,265 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 55,640 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 55,315 ... ...
More than one person per room 325 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 55,635 ... ...
Suitable 53,690 ... ...
Not suitable 1,945 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 54,200 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 40,160 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,035 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,990 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 40,920 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 896 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,038 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 249,947 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 278,193 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 13,335 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 48.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 850 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 866 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 112,710 54,150 58,565
Without income 5,230 2,230 3,005
With income 107,480 51,925 55,555
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,795 4,695 5,100
$5,000 to $9,999 8,090 3,380 4,705
$10,000 to $14,999 10,785 3,765 7,015
$15,000 to $19,999 9,595 3,535 6,060
$20,000 to $29,999 17,015 7,315 9,705
$30,000 to $39,999 14,075 6,965 7,110
$40,000 to $49,999 11,380 5,820 5,565
$50,000 to $59,999 7,900 4,540 3,360
$60,000 to $79,999 9,405 5,625 3,785
$80,000 to $99,999 5,135 3,055 2,075
$100,000 and over 4,300 3,225 1,085
$100,000 to $124,999 2,080 1,520 560
$125,000 and over 2,225 1,700 525
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,992 34,948 24,667
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,288 43,365 31,607
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 112,715 54,150 58,560
Without after-tax income 5,260 2,225 3,035
With after-tax income 107,455 51,925 55,530
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,165 4,760 5,410
$5,000 to $9,999 8,140 3,405 4,735
$10,000 to $14,999 11,090 3,930 7,155
$15,000 to $19,999 10,520 3,825 6,700
$20,000 to $29,999 18,950 8,305 10,645
$30,000 to $39,999 17,290 8,815 8,470
$40,000 to $49,999 11,590 6,435 5,150
$50,000 to $59,999 7,375 4,405 2,970
$60,000 to $79,999 8,260 5,020 3,240
$80,000 to $99,999 2,140 1,545 595
$100,000 and over 1,930 1,470 460
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,873 31,874 23,074
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,952 36,474 27,724
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.3 86.4 79.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 65.9 68.4 62.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 62.1 63.9 59.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.8 4.5 2.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.8 3.3 4.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 11.7 13.0 10.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.8 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.7 13.6 20.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.4 4.9 6.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.2 3.2 5.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.3 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.2 4.1 4.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.3 15.9 12.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.7 84.1 87.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.1 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 35,505 19,785 15,715
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,328 49,496 41,336
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 53,330 58,243 47,142
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 39,135 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,259 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,994 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,046 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,570 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 17,860 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,890 ... ...
Average family income ($) 77,871 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,745 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,473 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 15,050 ... ...
Median family income ($) 94,799 ... ...
Average family income ($) 106,344 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,037 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,751 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,040 ... ...
Median family income ($) 41,675 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,323 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 39,436 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,837 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 20,775 9,210 11,560
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,730 24,983 24,322
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,799 34,211 31,674
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,319 23,531 23,260
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,558 29,087 28,137
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 131,930 64,230 67,695
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 67,455 32,230 35,220
In bottom decile 12,250 5,960 6,290
In second decile 13,170 5,745 7,420
In third decile 15,320 7,290 8,025
In fourth decile 12,375 6,020 6,355
In fifth decile 14,345 7,215 7,130
In top half of the Canadian distribution 64,475 32,000 32,480
In sixth decile 14,090 6,505 7,590
In seventh decile 13,505 6,780 6,725
In eighth decile 14,115 7,090 7,025
In ninth decile 12,380 6,230 6,150
In top decile 10,380 5,395 4,985
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 55,635 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,255 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 870 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,445 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,505 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,760 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,890 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,975 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,260 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,155 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,135 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,265 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 55,635 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,330 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,455 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,630 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,185 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,070 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,985 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,865 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,680 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,300 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,280 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,295 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,985 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 55,635 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 57,790 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 72,033 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,068 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 61,710 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 14,395 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,314 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,613 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,459 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,405 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 41,245 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 70,990 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 84,044 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 63,422 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,937 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 130,565 63,565 67,000
Less than 18 years 24,085 12,525 11,560
Less than 6 years 7,260 3,820 3,445
18 to 64 years 81,685 39,740 41,945
65 years and over 24,795 11,295 13,495
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 17,770 7,995 9,770
Less than 18 years 4,500 2,330 2,165
Less than 6 years 1,455 770 685
18 to 64 years 11,670 5,260 6,410
65 years and over 1,600 405 1,195
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.6 12.6 14.6
Less than 18 years (%) 18.7 18.6 18.7
Less than 6 years (%) 20.0 20.2 19.9
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.2 15.3
65 years and over (%) 6.5 3.6 8.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Peterborough, CTY, Ontario (Code 3515) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Peterborough, CTY, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Peterborough, CTY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough, CTY
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 134,933 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 133,080 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.4 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 68,009 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 55,637 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 35.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 3,847.77 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 134,935 64,985 69,945
0 to 4 years 6,295 3,115 3,180
5 to 9 years 6,025 3,175 2,850
10 to 14 years 6,935 3,540 3,400
15 to 19 years 8,715 4,375 4,345
15 years 1,585 765 820
16 years 1,670 865 805
17 years 1,745 900 845
18 years 1,760 870 890
19 years 1,955 980 980
20 to 24 years 9,390 4,685 4,705
25 to 29 years 7,760 3,885 3,875
30 to 34 years 6,620 3,215 3,405
35 to 39 years 6,790 3,340 3,445
40 to 44 years 7,735 3,680 4,055
45 to 49 years 10,005 4,810 5,195
50 to 54 years 10,895 5,140 5,750
55 to 59 years 10,595 5,105 5,490
60 to 64 years 10,125 4,870 5,245
65 to 69 years 7,940 3,845 4,100
70 to 74 years 5,945 2,855 3,090
75 to 79 years 5,175 2,360 2,815
80 to 84 years 4,020 1,705 2,315
85 years and over 3,970 1,290 2,685
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 45.7 44.3 46.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.7 84.9 86.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 115,680 55,160 60,520
Married or living with a common-law partner 68,195 34,030 34,165
Married (and not separated) 57,000 28,460 28,540
Living common law 11,205 5,575 5,625
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 47,480 21,125 26,355
Single (never legally married) 28,550 15,110 13,445
Separated 3,680 1,575 2,105
Divorced 6,900 2,775 4,125
Widowed 8,350 1,670 6,675
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 39,495 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 22,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,595 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,580 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,735 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 39,500 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 33,515 ... ...
Married couples 27,930 ... ...
Without children at home 15,450 ... ...
With children at home 12,480 ... ...
1 child 4,860 ... ...
2 children 5,360 ... ...
3 or more children 2,265 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,585 ... ...
Without children at home 3,390 ... ...
With children at home 2,195 ... ...
1 child 1,080 ... ...
2 children 775 ... ...
3 or more children 340 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,985 ... ...
Female parent 4,820 ... ...
1 child 2,965 ... ...
2 children 1,345 ... ...
3 or more children 505 ... ...
Male parent 1,165 ... ...
1 child 790 ... ...
2 children 310 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 35,780 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,455 ... ...
6 to 14 years 11,575 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,740 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,010 ... ...
25 years and over 4,000 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 131,925 63,915 68,010
Number of persons not in census families 23,135 10,345 12,785
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,490 1,020 1,470
Living with non-relatives only 6,200 3,430 2,770
Living alone 14,440 5,900 8,540
Number of census family persons 108,795 53,570 55,225
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 24,900 11,500 13,405
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 7,585 2,210 5,370
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 835 220 615
Living with non-relatives only 465 230 240
Living alone 6,280 1,760 4,520
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 17,320 9,290 8,030
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 55,640 ... ...
Census-family households 38,690 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 35,555 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 30,860 ... ...
Without children 17,410 ... ...
With children 13,445 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,695 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,140 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,355 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,545 ... ...
Without children 740 ... ...
With children 805 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 810 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 785 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,945 ... ...
One-person households 14,440 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,505 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 55,635 ... ...
Single-detached house 40,490 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,490 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 305 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 12,360 ... ...
Semi-detached house 925 ... ...
Row house 2,790 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,570 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 6,005 ... ...
Other single-attached house 70 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 55,635 ... ...
1 person 14,440 ... ...
2 persons 22,210 ... ...
3 persons 8,190 ... ...
4 persons 7,095 ... ...
5 persons 2,560 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,135 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 131,925 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,495 64,480 69,015
  Single responses  132,755 64,125 68,630
    English  124,320 60,140 64,180
    French  1,430 610 825
    Non-official languages  7,000 3,375 3,630
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 95 40 55
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  80 30 50
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,795 3,270 3,530
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Afrikaans  15 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  90 50 40
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  165 105 60
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Bengali  40 25 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  95 45 50
        Chinese, n.o.s.  330 165 170
        Creoles  5 5 5
        Croatian  35 15 20
        Czech  90 45 40
        Danish  55 30 25
        Dutch  770 370 395
        Estonian  35 20 20
        Finnish  110 40 70
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  1,125 545 590
        Greek  110 60 50
        Gujarati  175 85 90
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  75 45 30
        Hungarian  145 65 75
        Ilocano  10 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  420 230 190
        Japanese  45 10 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  70 30 40
        Korean  210 105 100
        Kurdish  10 5 0
        Lao  5 5 0
        Latvian  15 10 5
        Lingala  5 5 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  25 15 10
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  15 5 10
        Maltese  35 15 15
        Mandarin  115 50 65
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  15 5 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  80 45 35
        Pashto  25 15 15
        Persian (Farsi)  110 50 60
        Polish  540 230 305
        Portuguese  125 55 65
        Romanian  60 30 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  120 60 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Sindhi  10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slovak  30 15 15
        Slovenian  25 10 15
        Somali  20 5 10
        Spanish  330 160 175
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  35 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  115 35 80
        Taiwanese  0 0 5
        Tamil  65 30 30
        Telugu  20 10 15
        Thai  15 0 10
        Tibetan languages  20 10 10
        Tigrigna  0 5 0
        Turkish  5 5 5
        Ukrainian  135 55 80
        Urdu  120 60 60
        Vietnamese  135 60 70
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 110 65 40
  Multiple responses          740 355 385
    English and French  250 120 125
    English and non-official language  445 210 235
    French and non-official language  30 20 15
    English, French and non-official language 20 10 10
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,500 64,485 69,015
  English only 124,685 60,835 63,845
  French only 30 15 15
  English and French 8,520 3,510 5,005
  Neither English nor French 265 120 145
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,495 64,485 69,015
  English 131,815 63,740 68,080
  French 1,310 570 735
  English and French 140 70 70
  Neither English nor French 235 105 130
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,380 605 770
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 0.9 1.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,495 64,480 69,010
  Single responses 132,445 63,995 68,455
    English 129,840 62,745 67,095
    French 390 160 225
    Non-official languages 2,215 1,085 1,130
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 5 15
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 25 10 15
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,150 1,050 1,100
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 5 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 35 20 15
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 85 50 35
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Bengali 25 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 10
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 10 0 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 45 20 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 215 110 110
        Creoles 5 0 5
        Croatian 10 5 0
        Czech 25 15 15
        Danish 5 5 5
        Dutch 50 20 25
        Estonian 5 0 5
        Finnish 15 10 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 140 75 70
        Greek 15 5 5
        Gujarati 95 45 50
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 25 15 15
        Hungarian 25 10 10
        Ilocano 5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 95 40 50
        Japanese 5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15
        Korean 170 90 85
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 5 5 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 10 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 85 35 45
        Marathi 0 5 0
        Nepali 5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 20 20
        Pashto 15 15 5
        Persian (Farsi) 55 25 30
        Polish 195 90 105
        Portuguese 30 10 15
        Romanian 15 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 55 30 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 5 0 5
        Somali 10 0 5
        Spanish 140 70 70
        Swahili 0 0 5
        Swedish 0 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 15 25
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 25 10 15
        Telugu 10 5 0
        Thai 5 0 0
        Tibetan languages 10 5 10
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 0 5 0
        Ukrainian 20 10 10
        Urdu 95 45 45
        Vietnamese 75 30 40
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 30 15
  Multiple responses         1,050 490 560
    English and French 125 60 65
    English and non-official language 895 420 475
    French and non-official language 5 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 25 5 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,495 64,480 69,015
  None 128,435 62,185 66,255
  Single responses  4,945 2,240 2,710
    English  1,165 555 615
    French  1,260 490 770
    Non-official languages  2,515 1,190 1,325
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 165 80 85
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  155 75 80
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,270 1,080 1,190
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Afrikaans  15 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  45 25 20
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  50 35 15
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  35 15 20
        Chinese, n.o.s.  65 30 30
        Creoles  5 5 0
        Croatian  15 10 10
        Czech  30 15 10
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  215 105 110
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  40 15 30
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  355 160 190
        Greek  60 30 25
        Gujarati  45 25 25
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  35 15 15
        Hungarian  55 25 25
        Ilocano  0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  140 75 65
        Japanese  20 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 20 15
        Korean  30 15 15
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  5 0 5
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  35 20 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 10 20
        Polish  170 80 90
        Portuguese  55 25 30
        Romanian  25 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  40 20 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 20
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  225 115 110
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  10 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 10 30
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  30 15 10
        Telugu  10 10 5
        Thai  10 10 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 0
        Ukrainian  35 15 20
        Urdu  25 10 15
        Vietnamese  45 20 20
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 80 35 50
  Multiple responses          115 65 50
    English and French  5 0 5
    English and non-official language  25 15 10
    French and non-official language  90 50 40
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Peterborough, CTY, Ontario (Code 3515) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Peterborough, County (Census Division), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Peterborough, CTY, Ontario (Census division)