NHS Profile, Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Okanagan-Similkameen, RD
British Columbia
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 78,395 37,790 40,605
Canadian citizens 76,130 36,700 39,435
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,585 6,230 6,350
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,545 30,465 33,080
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,265 1,090 1,180
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 78,400 37,785 40,610
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 67,255 32,485 34,765
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 10,900 5,185 5,710
Before 1971 5,215 2,610 2,610
1971 to 1980 1,745 775 970
1981 to 1990 1,125 465 665
1991 to 2000 1,275 605 675
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,530 735 795
2001 to 2005 715 305 405
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 815 430 385
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 245 115 130
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 10,900 5,185 5,715
Under 5 years 1,050 485 565
5 to 14 years 1,945 910 1,040
15 to 24 years 3,095 1,375 1,715
25 to 44 years 3,790 1,960 1,830
45 years and over 1,020 455 560
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 78,395 37,785 40,610
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 67,250 32,485 34,765
Born in province of residence 39,060 19,005 20,055
Born outside province of residence 28,190 13,480 14,710
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 10,900 5,190 5,710
Americas 1,500 680 820
United States 1,040 480 565
Jamaica 35 20 20
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 95 50 40
Trinidad and Tobago 30 0 10
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 25 15 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 195 70 125
Europe 6,745 3,375 3,370
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,385 1,085 1,295
Italy 250 135 115
Germany 1,035 555 485
Poland 185 65 120
Portugal 535 290 245
Netherlands 700 405 295
France 150 95 55
Romania 90 40 50
Russian Federation 35 0 25
Greece 40 30 10
Ukraine 40 0 25
Croatia 95 60 30
Hungary 260 160 100
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 55 40 15
Ireland, Republic of 75 0 55
Other places of birth in Europe 810 370 440
Africa 240 110 130
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 135 55 75
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 90 50 45
Asia 2,280 960 1,315
India 1,530 700 830
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 90 30 55
Philippines 240 75 160
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 65 25 35
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 15 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 40 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 20
Lebanon 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 20 0 15
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 215 65 155
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 140 60 80
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 135 60 80
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 245 115 135
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 815 425 385
Americas 180 115 65
United States 115 70 45
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 15 0
Brazil 25 20 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 280 165 110
France 35 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 155 85 70
Other places of birth in Europe 70 60 15
Africa 10 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 315 125 195
Philippines 25 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 0 0 0
India 170 75 95
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 60 0 55
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 10
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 78,400 37,785 40,610
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 11,390 5,455 5,930
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 18,985 9,230 9,755
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 48,020 23,100 24,920
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 78,395 37,785 40,610
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,395 2,150 2,245
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,630 1,365 1,270
Chinese 375 180 195
Black 230 115 115
Filipino 310 80 225
Latin American 160 80 80
Arab 0 0 0
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 200 80 120
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 75 0 60
Korean 30 0 20
Japanese 250 130 120
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 70 60 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 55 25 30
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 74,005 35,640 38,365
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 78,395 37,790 40,610
North American Aboriginal origins 5,900 2,955 2,945
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,980 2,015 1,970
Inuit 105 55 45
Métis 2,025 1,005 1,020
Other North American origins 18,235 8,805 9,430
Acadian 65 25 40
American 1,505 735 765
Canadian 17,065 8,225 8,840
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 25 15 10
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 40 25 20
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 15 10 0
European origins 65,695 31,460 34,235
British Isles origins 43,945 20,720 23,225
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 28,225 13,090 15,130
Irish 14,635 6,445 8,190
Manx 50 45 0
Scottish 18,870 8,635 10,230
Welsh 2,675 1,190 1,490
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,990 1,020 970
French origins 8,975 4,255 4,725
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 8,975 4,255 4,725
Western European origins (except French origins) 19,410 9,490 9,920
Austrian 1,075 460 620
Belgian 520 195 320
Dutch 4,340 2,260 2,080
Flemish 15 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 14,375 7,065 7,305
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 660 380 280
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 8,795 4,090 4,700
Danish 1,465 600 865
Finnish 700 390 305
Icelandic 520 195 325
Norwegian 4,105 1,975 2,125
Swedish 2,670 1,115 1,550
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 220 130 85
Eastern European origins 11,290 5,230 6,060
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 15 0 0
Czech 380 175 205
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 230 110 125
Estonian 80 40 40
Hungarian 1,635 730 905
Latvian 40 30 10
Lithuanian 85 45 35
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,465 1,175 1,280
Romanian 570 245 325
Russian 2,565 1,160 1,410
Slovak 230 85 145
Ukrainian 4,520 2,100 2,415
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 5,515 2,595 2,915
Albanian 15 10 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 350 215 130
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 300 170 130
Italian 2,635 1,285 1,350
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 30 10 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,245 610 635
Serbian 70 15 55
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 115 30 90
Spanish 760 230 530
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 200 135 60
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 430 265 165
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 210 125 85
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 185 110 70
Caribbean origins 210 115 90
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 10 10 0
Jamaican 65 20 50
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 10 20
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 50 35 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 40 25 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 480 235 245
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 20 0 15
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 120 0 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 320 180 145
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 20 0 20
Salvadorean 60 25 30
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 40 0 25
African origins 400 150 250
Central and West African origins 15 15 0
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 10 0 10
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 250 95 150
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 220 85 135
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 125 45 85
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 30 0 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 95 40 55
Asian origins 4,315 2,065 2,250
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 230 95 135
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Armenian 40 20 15
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 80 0 60
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 75 35 40
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 0 0 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 2,685 1,395 1,290
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,380 1,240 1,135
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 285 140 145
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 30 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,370 550 825
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 530 240 290
Filipino 335 90 240
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 130 75 50
Japanese 260 130 125
Korean 30 0 20
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 25 0 20
Mongolian 20 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 10 35
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 50 0 50
Other Asian origins 50 25 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 50 25 25
Oceania origins 280 145 135
Australian 185 80 105
New Zealander 35 20 15
Pacific Islands origins 55 50 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 45 35 10
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 78,395 37,785 40,610
Buddhist 255 100 150
Christian 42,285 19,400 22,885
Anglican 4,620 1,890 2,730
Baptist 2,565 1,165 1,400
Catholic 11,775 5,740 6,035
Christian Orthodox 400 205 195
Lutheran 2,740 1,300 1,440
Pentecostal 1,210 530 680
Presbyterian 1,090 425 670
United Church 6,885 2,885 3,995
Other Christian 11,005 5,265 5,740
Hindu 145 85 60
Jewish 35 10 20
Muslim 20 10 0
Sikh 2,300 1,185 1,115
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 465 215 255
Other religions 680 190 490
No religious affiliation 32,210 16,585 15,625
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 78,400 37,785 40,610
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,910 2,485 2,420
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,710 1,320 1,385
Métis single identity 1,880 1,050 835
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 90 0 40
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 40 30 10
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 185 40 145
Non-Aboriginal identity 73,485 35,300 38,185
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 78,395 37,785 40,610
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,115 1,050 1,065
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 76,280 36,740 39,545
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 78,400 37,790 40,610
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,900 2,955 2,945
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,985 2,015 1,970
Métis ancestry 2,025 1,005 1,020
Inuit ancestry 100 55 50
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 72,495 34,830 37,665
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 11,440 5,530 5,905
Aboriginal languages 410 200 210
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 30 0 15
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 95 55 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 270 120 150
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,035 5,345 5,695
Italian 505 240 270
Portuguese 765 410 360
Romanian 85 0 55
Spanish 1,320 605 710
Dutch 750 410 340
Flemish 75 0 0
German 2,720 1,415 1,300
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 125 40 85
Norwegian 30 15 15
Swedish 200 135 65
Afrikaans 90 30 65
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 120 50 75
Czech 130 60 65
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 130 50 80
Russian 210 100 110
Serbian 30 15 15
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 45 0 30
Slovenian 25 0 20
Ukrainian 310 130 185
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 60 30 25
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 10 10 0
Estonian 30 0 0
Finnish 70 20 50
Hungarian 330 175 155
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 25 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 135 70 65
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,485 1,285 1,200
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 70 0 50
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 35 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 75 55 20
Korean 30 0 15
Cantonese 195 105 90
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 85 30 55
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 70 0 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 0 25
Bisayan languages 10 0 0
Ilocano 40 0 0
Malay 45 0 45
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 275 75 200
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 170 45 125
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 77,890 37,555 40,335
Non-movers 67,610 32,340 35,265
Movers 10,285 5,215 5,065
Non-migrants 5,235 2,575 2,660
Migrants 5,045 2,640 2,405
Internal migrants 4,860 2,550 2,315
Intraprovincial migrants 3,625 1,850 1,775
Interprovincial migrants 1,240 695 540
External migrants 185 95 85
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 75,515 36,350 39,165
Non-movers 46,420 22,105 24,310
Movers 29,100 14,245 14,850
Non-migrants 12,225 5,895 6,330
Migrants 16,875 8,350 8,525
Internal migrants 15,860 7,885 7,975
Intraprovincial migrants 11,250 5,635 5,620
Interprovincial migrants 4,610 2,250 2,360
External migrants 1,015 465 550
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 68,420 32,880 35,535
No certificate, diploma or degree 14,840 7,255 7,585
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 19,305 8,900 10,400
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 34,275 16,725 17,550
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,495 6,135 3,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,095 5,270 7,825
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,265 1,110 2,155
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 8,420 4,210 4,210
Bachelor's degree 5,590 2,665 2,925
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,825 1,545 1,280
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 39,640 18,540 21,100
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,105 2,635 2,475
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,815 5,020 5,800
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 23,720 10,895 12,825
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,715 3,445 2,275
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,320 3,620 5,700
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,205 725 1,480
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,480 3,100 3,375
Bachelor's degree 4,415 2,070 2,345
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,060 1,030 1,035
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 68,415 32,880 35,535
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 34,145 16,155 17,990
Education 3,185 955 2,225
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,075 530 535
Humanities 1,355 640 720
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,435 700 1,735
Business, management and public administration 6,615 2,255 4,355
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,105 630 480
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 630 320 310
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,665 7,315 350
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,170 790 380
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,465 1,310 5,150
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,585 1,280 1,310
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 68,420 32,880 35,540
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 34,145 16,155 17,990
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 34,275 16,720 17,550
Location of study inside Canada 30,045 14,370 15,675
Same as province or territory of residence 20,535 9,285 11,245
Another province or territory 9,510 5,080 4,430
Location of study outside Canada 4,230 2,355 1,875
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 40,530 20,435 20,090
Single responses 40,315 20,335 19,980
English 39,840 20,080 19,760
French 35 0 25
Non-official languages 440 250 195
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 355 210 140
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 55 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 15 0 15
Multiple responses 210 100 110
English and French 40 25 0
English and non-official language 170 70 95
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 40,525 20,440 20,090
English 39,840 20,080 19,760
French 30 0 25
Non-official language 440 250 195
Aboriginal 0 0 10
Non-Aboriginal 435 250 185
English and French 35 30 0
English and non-official language 175 75 100
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 68,420 32,880 35,540
In the labour force 36,825 18,660 18,160
Employed 33,485 16,715 16,775
Unemployed 3,335 1,950 1,385
Not in the labour force 31,595 14,215 17,380
Participation rate 53.8 56.8 51.1
Employment rate 48.9 50.8 47.2
Unemployment rate 9.1 10.5 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 36,820 18,660 18,160
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 660 255 400
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 36,165 18,410 17,760
Employee 29,570 14,295 15,280
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,595 4,115 2,480
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 36,820 18,665 18,155
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 655 255 400
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 36,165 18,410 17,760
0 Management occupations 4,675 2,675 2,000
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 4,910 1,110 3,800
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,665 1,330 340
3 Health occupations 2,580 560 2,020
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 4,020 1,360 2,660
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 800 355 450
6 Sales and service occupations 8,745 3,255 5,490
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,975 5,535 440
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,625 1,255 370
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,170 985 185
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 36,820 18,665 18,160
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 660 260 400
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 36,170 18,405 17,760
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,420 1,610 810
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 485 425 65
22 Utilities 200 195 0
23 Construction 3,660 3,230 430
31-33 Manufacturing 2,740 1,880 855
41 Wholesale trade 645 400 240
44-45 Retail trade 4,230 1,790 2,435
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,055 795 260
51 Information and cultural industries 680 385 295
52 Finance and insurance 1,180 290 895
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 710 290 415
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,715 775 940
55 Management of companies and enterprises 75 55 15
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,470 890 585
61 Educational services 2,410 905 1,500
62 Health care and social assistance 4,675 830 3,845
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 730 425 310
72 Accommodation and food services 2,775 975 1,800
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,970 965 1,005
91 Public administration 2,355 1,295 1,060
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 36,825 18,660 18,155
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,885 880 1,005
Worked in 2010 34,940 17,785 17,155
1 to 13 weeks 2,290 1,130 1,155
14 to 26 weeks 3,405 1,740 1,670
27 to 39 weeks 2,910 1,585 1,325
40 to 48 weeks 6,360 3,185 3,170
49 to 52 weeks 19,980 10,145 9,840
Average weeks worked in 2010 42.8 42.8 42.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 36,820 18,660 18,160
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,885 875 1,005
Worked in 2010 34,935 17,785 17,150
Worked full-time in 2010 25,625 14,120 11,505
Worked part-time in 2010 9,310 3,665 5,650
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 33,485 16,710 16,775
Worked at home 3,490 1,690 1,800
Worked outside Canada 80 75 0
No fixed workplace address 5,025 3,650 1,375
Worked at usual place 24,885 11,295 13,590
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 29,910 14,950 14,960
Car, truck or van - as a driver 23,605 11,885 11,720
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,725 790 930
Public transit 235 80 150
Walked 2,910 1,330 1,580
Bicycle 720 410 310
Other methods 725 445 275
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 29,910 14,945 14,965
Median commuting duration 10.7 13.1 10.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 29,910 14,945 14,965
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,165 4,820 2,340
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 16,710 7,515 9,195
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 6,035 2,610 3,425
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 36,045 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 33,265 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,785 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 36,045 ... ...
1960 or before 6,520 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,520 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,790 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,430 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,440 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,340 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 36,045 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,000 ... ...
5 rooms 6,450 ... ...
6 rooms 5,535 ... ...
7 rooms 4,450 ... ...
8 or more rooms 10,615 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 36,045 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,505 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,335 ... ...
3 bedrooms 10,560 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 8,640 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 36,040 ... ...
Owner 27,515 ... ...
Renter 8,465 ... ...
Band housing 60 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 36,045 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,775 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 30,275 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 36,045 ... ...
1 household maintainer 21,325 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,165 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 560 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 36,040 ... ...
Under 25 years 750 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,760 ... ...
35 to 44 years 3,930 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,635 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,930 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,780 ... ...
75 years and over 7,255 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 36,045 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 35,730 ... ...
More than one person per room 320 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 36,045 ... ...
Suitable 34,990 ... ...
Not suitable 1,055 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 33,865 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 24,470 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,395 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,940 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 25,585 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 47.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 19.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 583 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 903 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,750 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 396,781 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 8,360 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 16.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 52.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 825 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 867 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 68,420 32,880 35,540
Without income 2,490 960 1,530
With income 65,930 31,920 34,010
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 5,765 2,830 2,935
$5,000 to $9,999 4,850 1,615 3,230
$10,000 to $14,999 6,915 2,610 4,305
$15,000 to $19,999 8,970 3,945 5,020
$20,000 to $29,999 11,885 5,310 6,575
$30,000 to $39,999 8,080 3,670 4,410
$40,000 to $49,999 6,215 3,350 2,865
$50,000 to $59,999 4,435 2,575 1,865
$60,000 to $79,999 4,590 3,015 1,575
$80,000 to $99,999 2,205 1,510 690
$100,000 and over 2,025 1,495 530
$100,000 to $124,999 960 670 295
$125,000 and over 1,060 825 235
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 24,794 29,083 21,702
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,067 38,469 27,997
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 68,420 32,880 35,540
Without after-tax income 2,475 960 1,520
With after-tax income 65,940 31,920 34,020
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,090 2,925 3,165
$5,000 to $9,999 4,805 1,580 3,220
$10,000 to $14,999 7,065 2,655 4,410
$15,000 to $19,999 9,410 4,130 5,280
$20,000 to $29,999 13,195 5,910 7,285
$30,000 to $39,999 9,040 4,505 4,530
$40,000 to $49,999 6,725 3,685 3,045
$50,000 to $59,999 3,565 2,315 1,250
$60,000 to $79,999 3,930 2,665 1,265
$80,000 to $99,999 1,115 785 325
$100,000 and over 1,005 755 250
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,507 27,451 20,924
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,304 33,641 25,234
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 79.3 82.4 75.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 59.5 61.8 56.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 55.4 57.4 52.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.1 4.4 3.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.8 6.4 7.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 11.1 12.5 9.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.7 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 20.7 17.6 24.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 7.9 7.4 8.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 7.2 6.0 8.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.9 1.7 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.6 2.4 2.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 11.4 12.5 9.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 88.6 87.5 90.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.4 3.6 3.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 16,420 9,000 7,420
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 44,166 49,995 39,681
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 49,201 54,139 43,209
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 23,980 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,593 ... ...
Average family income ($) 73,676 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,651 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,920 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 13,135 ... ...
Median family income ($) 55,029 ... ...
Average family income ($) 66,255 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 51,204 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,420 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 7,135 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,270 ... ...
Average family income ($) 98,785 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,239 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,109 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 2,805 ... ...
Median family income ($) 37,021 ... ...
Average family income ($) 47,038 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 35,794 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 42,727 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,885 6,230 7,650
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,481 25,460 22,331
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,764 32,414 27,605
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,887 24,126 21,868
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,041 29,054 25,400
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 78,400 37,790 40,605
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 44,965 20,905 24,060
In bottom decile 7,735 3,575 4,155
In second decile 10,620 4,665 5,955
In third decile 10,165 4,795 5,370
In fourth decile 9,140 4,305 4,835
In fifth decile 7,305 3,560 3,740
In top half of the Canadian distribution 33,430 16,880 16,550
In sixth decile 7,770 3,830 3,940
In seventh decile 7,200 3,740 3,455
In eighth decile 7,430 3,635 3,790
In ninth decile 5,855 3,005 2,855
In top decile 5,165 2,660 2,505
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 36,045 ... ...
Under $5,000 895 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,035 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,875 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,040 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,900 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,690 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,085 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,745 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,205 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,175 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,555 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,995 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 36,045 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,000 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 785 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,075 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,975 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,360 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,260 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,235 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,355 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,055 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,875 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,075 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,010 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,060 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 36,045 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 46,157 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 60,483 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 43,082 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 53,609 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 11,135 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 24,533 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 31,354 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,497 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,517 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 24,910 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 61,257 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,505 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,286 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 64,826 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 75,835 36,520 39,320
Less than 18 years 12,245 6,045 6,195
Less than 6 years 3,390 1,575 1,815
18 to 64 years 43,300 20,610 22,690
65 years and over 20,295 9,870 10,425
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 12,900 5,845 7,060
Less than 18 years 2,415 1,170 1,245
Less than 6 years 750 430 320
18 to 64 years 7,485 3,335 4,150
65 years and over 2,995 1,335 1,665
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.0 16.0 18.0
Less than 18 years (%) 19.7 19.4 20.1
Less than 6 years (%) 22.1 27.3 17.6
18 to 64 years (%) 17.3 16.2 18.3
65 years and over (%) 14.8 13.5 16.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia (Code 5907) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Okanagan-Similkameen, RD
British Columbia
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 80,742 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 79,475 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,168 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 36,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 7.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 10,414.26 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 80,740 38,675 42,070
0 to 4 years 2,915 1,470 1,450
5 to 9 years 3,165 1,620 1,540
10 to 14 years 3,775 1,865 1,910
15 to 19 years 4,335 2,145 2,185
15 years 860 420 445
16 years 860 420 440
17 years 925 460 465
18 years 865 430 435
19 years 830 420 410
20 to 24 years 3,485 1,800 1,685
25 to 29 years 3,310 1,650 1,660
30 to 34 years 3,315 1,630 1,685
35 to 39 years 3,600 1,715 1,885
40 to 44 years 4,125 1,960 2,165
45 to 49 years 5,705 2,665 3,040
50 to 54 years 6,775 3,130 3,650
55 to 59 years 6,890 3,300 3,590
60 to 64 years 7,095 3,420 3,675
65 to 69 years 5,890 2,845 3,040
70 to 74 years 5,140 2,450 2,690
75 to 79 years 4,400 2,195 2,205
80 to 84 years 3,485 1,620 1,870
85 years and over 3,340 1,185 2,155
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 52.0 51.4 52.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 87.8 87.2 88.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 70,890 33,720 37,165
Married or living with a common-law partner 42,995 21,520 21,475
Married (and not separated) 36,455 18,250 18,205
Living common law 6,550 3,270 3,275
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 27,890 12,200 15,685
Single (never legally married) 13,855 7,570 6,280
Separated 2,045 905 1,140
Divorced 5,640 2,335 3,300
Widowed 6,355 1,385 4,965
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 24,310 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 16,095 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 3,900 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 3,110 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,210 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 24,310 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,945 ... ...
Married couples 17,695 ... ...
Without children at home 11,760 ... ...
With children at home 5,935 ... ...
1 child 2,450 ... ...
2 children 2,495 ... ...
3 or more children 985 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,250 ... ...
Without children at home 2,205 ... ...
With children at home 1,050 ... ...
1 child 505 ... ...
2 children 395 ... ...
3 or more children 145 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,365 ... ...
Female parent 2,635 ... ...
1 child 1,640 ... ...
2 children 755 ... ...
3 or more children 240 ... ...
Male parent 730 ... ...
1 child 490 ... ...
2 children 195 ... ...
3 or more children 50 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 17,505 ... ...
Under six years of age 3,525 ... ...
6 to 14 years 6,175 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,505 ... ...
18 to 24 years 3,405 ... ...
25 years and over 1,895 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.7 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 78,410 37,725 40,685
Number of persons not in census families 15,645 6,905 8,740
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,525 605 920
Living with non-relatives only 3,035 1,730 1,305
Living alone 11,085 4,570 6,515
Number of census family persons 62,765 30,820 31,940
Average number of persons per census family 2.6 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 20,635 9,755 10,880
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,625 2,135 4,490
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 525 130 395
Living with non-relatives only 460 255 210
Living alone 5,640 1,755 3,890
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,015 7,615 6,395
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 36,050 ... ...
Census-family households 23,670 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 21,700 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 19,115 ... ...
Without children 12,955 ... ...
With children 6,155 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,590 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,965 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,365 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 880 ... ...
Without children 440 ... ...
With children 440 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 485 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 600 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,385 ... ...
One-person households 11,085 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,300 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 36,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,845 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 825 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,180 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 10,205 ... ...
Semi-detached house 940 ... ...
Row house 2,430 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 920 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 5,765 ... ...
Other single-attached house 150 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 36,050 ... ...
1 person 11,090 ... ...
2 persons 15,655 ... ...
3 persons 4,185 ... ...
4 persons 3,280 ... ...
5 persons 1,145 ... ...
6 or more persons 695 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 78,410 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,780 38,335 41,445
  Single responses  78,910 37,920 40,990
    English  67,360 32,460 34,905
    French  1,515 735 780
    Non-official languages  10,035 4,725 5,305
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 10 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 15 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,805 4,630 5,170
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  55 25 35
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  15 10 5
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  25 10 10
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 0
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  85 40 40
        Chinese, n.o.s.  150 65 85
        Creoles  5 0 0
        Croatian  110 55 55
        Czech  130 60 70
        Danish  140 70 75
        Dutch  640 320 320
        Estonian  15 5 10
        Finnish  105 40 65
        Flemish  15 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  2,385 1,125 1,265
        Greek  75 40 30
        Gujarati  5 0 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  40 20 20
        Hungarian  330 170 160
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  310 175 140
        Japanese  75 25 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  55 25 35
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  5 5 5
        Mandarin  45 15 30
        Marathi  0 0 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  55 25 25
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  2,280 1,140 1,135
        Pashto  0 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  40 25 20
        Polish  190 75 110
        Portuguese  845 410 435
        Romanian  30 10 15
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  180 65 115
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 15 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 5 15
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Slovak  65 25 45
        Slovenian  50 25 30
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  330 165 165
        Swahili  5 0 5
        Swedish  70 25 45
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  190 45 145
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  40 10 30
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 0 10
        Ukrainian  335 155 175
        Urdu  5 0 5
        Vietnamese  70 30 40
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 205 80 120
  Multiple responses          865 415 455
    English and French  170 80 90
    English and non-official language  630 310 325
    French and non-official language  55 20 35
    English, French and non-official language 15 5 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,780 38,335 41,445
  English only 74,280 35,885 38,395
  French only 35 20 20
  English and French 4,755 2,115 2,645
  Neither English nor French 705 315 390
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,780 38,335 41,445
  English 77,630 37,320 40,310
  French 1,300 635 665
  English and French 165 75 90
  Neither English nor French 680 305 375
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,385 670 710
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.7 1.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,780 38,335 41,445
  Single responses 78,700 37,825 40,875
    English 74,455 35,765 38,690
    French 365 180 190
    Non-official languages 3,880 1,885 1,995
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,835 1,860 1,975
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 35 15 15
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 5 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 5 5 5
        Armenian 5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 5 5
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 50 25 25
        Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 20 10 10
        Czech 30 15 10
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 75 35 40
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 20 10 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 405 185 215
        Greek 20 10 10
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 0
        Hindi 15 5 10
        Hungarian 60 25 35
        Ilocano 10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Italian 60 30 30
        Japanese 15 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 40 20 25
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 25 15 15
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,975 990 990
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10
        Polish 45 15 25
        Portuguese 385 170 215
        Romanian 5 5 5
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 30 15 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 15 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 15 5 10
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 165 100 65
        Swahili 5 0 0
        Swedish 10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 25 25
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 20 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 0 5
        Ukrainian 10 5 5
        Urdu 5 5 0
        Vietnamese 60 25 35
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 20 20
  Multiple responses         1,080 510 570
    English and French 85 40 45
    English and non-official language 970 450 515
    French and non-official language 5 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 20 10 5
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,780 38,335 41,445
  None 74,585 35,930 38,655
  Single responses  5,065 2,350 2,715
    English  1,570 770 795
    French  630 285 345
    Non-official languages  2,865 1,295 1,570
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 10 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 10 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,615 1,180 1,435
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Afrikaans  15 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 5
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  10 10 5
        Armenian  0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 0 0
        Bengali  5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 15 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  45 15 25
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  35 15 20
        Czech  35 15 20
        Danish  40 15 25
        Dutch  175 75 100
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  40 20 20
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  700 315 385
        Greek  35 15 15
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  25 10 15
        Hungarian  80 40 40
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  135 55 80
        Japanese  45 15 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  5 5 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 5 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 10
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  10 5 10
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  225 120 110
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  10 5 5
        Polish  45 20 30
        Portuguese  255 120 125
        Romanian  15 10 5
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  40 15 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  15 5 5
        Slovenian  20 10 10
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  245 110 130
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  25 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  60 15 45
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  25 10 15
        Tibetan languages  0 5 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 5
        Turkish  0 0 0
        Ukrainian  40 15 25
        Urdu  5 0 0
        Vietnamese  15 5 10
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 225 105 125
  Multiple responses          125 55 70
    English and French  10 5 10
    English and non-official language  25 10 10
    French and non-official language  90 40 50
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia (Code 5907) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia

  • Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Okanagan-Similkameen, Regional district (Census Division), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Okanagan-Similkameen, RD, British Columbia (Census division)