NHS Profile, Peterborough, CMA, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Peterborough, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 116,175 56,240 59,940
Canadian citizens 114,240 55,290 58,955
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,830 11,235 10,590
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 92,410 44,050 48,360
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,940 950 985
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 116,175 56,235 59,940
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 106,210 51,345 54,865
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 9,495 4,610 4,880
Before 1971 4,765 2,335 2,430
1971 to 1980 1,305 650 660
1981 to 1990 1,100 470 635
1991 to 2000 985 520 465
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,335 635 695
2001 to 2005 800 395 405
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 535 245 290
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 475 280 195
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 9,495 4,610 4,885
Under 5 years 1,410 700 710
5 to 14 years 2,140 1,220 920
15 to 24 years 2,265 1,045 1,220
25 to 44 years 3,270 1,440 1,825
45 years and over 410 200 210
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 116,175 56,235 59,935
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 106,210 51,345 54,865
Born in province of residence 97,925 47,575 50,350
Born outside province of residence 8,280 3,775 4,510
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 9,495 4,610 4,885
Americas 1,420 590 835
United States 840 320 520
Jamaica 60 35 30
Guyana 30 0 25
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 60 40 20
Trinidad and Tobago 80 25 60
Colombia 65 35 30
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 240 115 120
Europe 6,060 2,970 3,090
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,290 1,565 1,725
Italy 215 140 80
Germany 550 245 305
Poland 270 110 155
Portugal 50 25 25
Netherlands 685 380 305
France 75 0 65
Romania 35 20 15
Russian Federation 40 25 15
Greece 20 10 0
Ukraine 25 0 0
Croatia 20 0 0
Hungary 55 30 25
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 40 25 0
Ireland, Republic of 105 45 60
Other places of birth in Europe 575 300 280
Africa 280 180 100
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 45 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 110 80 30
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 65 30 30
Asia 1,640 805 835
India 285 155 135
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 215 95 120
Philippines 110 30 80
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 45 25 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 40 20 25
Pakistan 220 95 120
Sri Lanka 25 10 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 60 40 25
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 250 125 125
Lebanon 0 0 0
Taiwan 15 0 0
Iraq 10 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 30 0 0
Japan 15 0 15
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 300 180 120
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 90 55 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 75 50 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 475 280 195
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 535 245 295
Americas 130 55 75
United States 55 25 35
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 40 20 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 20 0 0
Europe 160 75 90
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 90 50 40
Other places of birth in Europe 60 0 35
Africa 25 15 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 220 100 120
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 45 10 35
India 30 20 0
Pakistan 35 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 55 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 116,175 56,240 59,940
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 10,230 5,050 5,180
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 17,280 8,030 9,250
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 88,670 43,150 45,510
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 116,175 56,235 59,940
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 3,965 2,015 1,950
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 885 475 405
Chinese 545 250 295
Black 760 380 385
Filipino 150 50 100
Latin American 240 115 120
Arab 170 95 70
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 430 230 205
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 140 75 65
Korean 280 145 135
Japanese 110 40 65
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 95 50 40
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 155 95 60
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 112,215 54,225 57,990
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 116,175 56,235 59,940
North American Aboriginal origins 6,110 2,855 3,255
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,025 2,400 2,625
Inuit 60 30 35
Métis 1,075 455 620
Other North American origins 43,070 20,785 22,285
Acadian 140 50 90
American 1,745 915 830
Canadian 41,700 20,140 21,560
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 250 110 135
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 91,595 44,020 47,570
British Isles origins 77,790 37,340 40,450
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 20 0 0
English 46,895 22,375 24,515
Irish 37,310 17,590 19,720
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 29,140 13,895 15,245
Welsh 2,865 1,440 1,420
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,370 1,605 1,760
French origins 13,530 6,040 7,490
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 13,530 6,040 7,490
Western European origins (except French origins) 18,595 8,565 10,030
Austrian 775 470 310
Belgian 300 100 195
Dutch 6,620 3,040 3,580
Flemish 15 0 10
Frisian 45 0 40
German 11,860 5,400 6,460
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 445 180 265
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,250 1,085 1,170
Danish 645 310 335
Finnish 490 220 270
Icelandic 65 45 20
Norwegian 435 150 280
Swedish 640 350 290
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 60 40
Eastern European origins 7,095 3,230 3,865
Bulgarian 125 35 90
Byelorussian 40 0 0
Czech 345 180 160
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 25 0 25
Estonian 120 75 45
Hungarian 755 375 380
Latvian 45 30 0
Lithuanian 205 130 75
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,755 1,145 1,610
Romanian 335 220 120
Russian 875 420 450
Slovak 80 35 45
Ukrainian 2,040 930 1,110
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 30 0 0
Southern European origins 6,440 3,205 3,240
Albanian 125 60 65
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 265 145 120
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 315 145 170
Italian 4,135 2,140 1,995
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 100 30 70
Maltese 240 115 135
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 750 385 370
Serbian 80 65 0
Sicilian 25 0 15
Slovenian 95 60 35
Spanish 485 195 290
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 185 85 105
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 500 280 220
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 430 245 185
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 65 30 35
Caribbean origins 820 380 440
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 30 35 0
Barbadian 215 85 120
Bermudan 35 25 15
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 55 0 40
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 10 0 0
Jamaican 270 140 130
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 105 45 55
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 95 50 45
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 505 260 245
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 35 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 60 35 25
Chilean 40 15 25
Colombian 90 55 35
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 85 25 60
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 15 0 0
Mexican 100 45 55
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 25 0 0
Salvadorean 10 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 630 360 270
Central and West African origins 85 85 0
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 70 60 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 65 30 35
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 60 0 40
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 140 60 75
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 70 40 25
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 40 0 35
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 340 185 155
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 65 55 10
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 275 130 140
Asian origins 3,275 1,680 1,590
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 490 265 225
Afghan 80 40 40
Arab, n.o.s. 40 30 10
Armenian 35 20 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 80 50 30
Iraqi 15 10 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 50 0 35
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 60 40 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 20 0 15
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 0 0
South Asian origins 1,065 575 485
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 755 430 325
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 25 0 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 335 190 140
Punjabi 40 0 25
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 70 35 30
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,735 850 885
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 190 100 90
Chinese 785 390 400
Filipino 225 80 145
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 130 55 70
Korean 330 165 170
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 90 45 45
Tibetan 15 0 0
Vietnamese 80 60 20
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 175 90 85
Australian 135 70 60
New Zealander 40 0 20
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 116,175 56,235 59,940
Buddhist 460 220 240
Christian 80,490 37,415 43,080
Anglican 11,440 5,205 6,235
Baptist 2,310 1,045 1,265
Catholic 28,200 13,500 14,705
Christian Orthodox 270 145 130
Lutheran 845 380 460
Pentecostal 2,625 1,185 1,440
Presbyterian 3,150 1,300 1,850
United Church 19,565 9,190 10,375
Other Christian 12,085 5,475 6,615
Hindu 240 135 110
Jewish 410 150 260
Muslim 625 340 280
Sikh 50 20 25
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 210 110 105
Other religions 790 325 465
No religious affiliation 32,885 17,515 15,380
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 116,175 56,235 59,940
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,380 2,060 2,325
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,060 1,450 1,610
Métis single identity 1,090 530 560
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 55 30 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 45 10 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 135 40 95
Non-Aboriginal identity 111,795 54,180 57,620
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 116,175 56,235 59,940
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,035 925 1,105
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 114,145 55,310 58,835
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 116,175 56,235 59,940
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 6,105 2,855 3,255
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,025 2,400 2,625
Métis ancestry 1,075 450 625
Inuit ancestry 60 25 35
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 110,065 53,385 56,685
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 7,890 3,740 4,150
Aboriginal languages 265 125 140
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 250 115 135
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,625 3,615 4,005
Italian 510 270 245
Portuguese 295 145 145
Romanian 30 20 15
Spanish 1,335 610 725
Dutch 830 430 400
Flemish 0 0 0
German 995 485 505
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 95 35 55
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 50 0 35
Afrikaans 45 20 25
Gaelic languages 70 20 45
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 35 0 0
Czech 60 25 35
Macedonian 15 0 0
Polish 455 170 280
Russian 155 65 90
Serbian 30 20 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 15 0 0
Ukrainian 110 65 45
Latvian 25 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 75 35 45
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 85 40 40
Estonian 25 0 20
Finnish 55 20 35
Hungarian 55 30 20
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 20 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 220 130 90
Hebrew 30 0 15
Maltese 70 50 20
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 0
Gujarati 75 45 30
Hindi 200 100 100
Konkani 40 0 0
Marathi 10 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 145 85 60
Sindhi 20 0 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 315 165 145
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 65 30 40
Persian (Farsi) 95 65 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 35 20 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 75 20 50
Korean 280 140 140
Cantonese 115 60 55
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 90 35 55
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 95 75
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 45 0 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 150 70 70
Vietnamese 45 30 20
Bisayan languages 20 0 15
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 130 30 105
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 20 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 20 0 15
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 305 120 185
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 115,075 55,605 59,475
Non-movers 100,960 48,770 52,195
Movers 14,120 6,840 7,285
Non-migrants 8,380 4,065 4,315
Migrants 5,740 2,780 2,965
Internal migrants 5,420 2,645 2,775
Intraprovincial migrants 4,975 2,420 2,550
Interprovincial migrants 445 225 220
External migrants 320 130 190
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 110,550 53,380 57,170
Non-movers 70,220 33,845 36,370
Movers 40,330 19,530 20,800
Non-migrants 21,840 10,585 11,255
Migrants 18,485 8,945 9,545
Internal migrants 17,390 8,440 8,950
Intraprovincial migrants 16,105 7,770 8,330
Interprovincial migrants 1,290 670 615
External migrants 1,095 500 595
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 98,815 47,245 51,575
No certificate, diploma or degree 18,925 9,275 9,650
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 27,590 13,620 13,970
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 52,300 24,345 27,955
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,735 5,980 2,755
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 23,575 9,435 14,140
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,450 970 1,475
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,545 7,965 9,585
Bachelor's degree 10,415 4,475 5,935
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,135 3,485 3,650
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 61,250 29,245 32,005
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,565 3,660 2,905
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,775 7,995 7,775
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 38,910 17,590 21,325
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,885 3,825 2,060
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 17,740 7,215 10,530
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,635 640 995
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,650 5,905 7,745
Bachelor's degree 8,145 3,455 4,695
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,510 2,455 3,050
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 98,820 47,240 51,575
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 46,520 22,895 23,620
Education 4,800 1,270 3,530
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,380 665 710
Humanities 2,910 1,215 1,695
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,510 2,075 3,435
Business, management and public administration 9,310 3,380 5,935
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,150 1,220 925
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,350 725 625
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,355 9,820 540
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,585 995 590
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 9,420 1,255 8,160
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,530 1,730 1,800
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 98,820 47,240 51,575
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 46,515 22,895 23,625
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 52,300 24,345 27,955
Location of study inside Canada 48,460 22,285 26,180
Same as province or territory of residence 46,105 21,270 24,835
Another province or territory 2,360 1,010 1,350
Location of study outside Canada 3,840 2,065 1,775
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,175 32,255 31,920
Single responses 64,045 32,215 31,830
English 63,715 32,100 31,615
French 235 70 165
Non-official languages 95 40 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 30 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 35 0 25
Multiple responses 130 50 85
English and French 80 30 50
English and non-official language 50 10 35
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,175 32,260 31,915
English 63,715 32,100 31,615
French 230 70 160
Non-official language 100 40 55
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 100 45 55
English and French 85 35 50
English and non-official language 50 10 35
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 98,820 47,240 51,580
In the labour force 60,300 30,395 29,900
Employed 55,150 27,360 27,790
Unemployed 5,150 3,035 2,120
Not in the labour force 38,520 16,840 21,675
Participation rate 61.0 64.3 58.0
Employment rate 55.8 57.9 53.9
Unemployment rate 8.5 10.0 7.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 60,300 30,395 29,905
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,935 1,060 875
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,360 29,330 29,025
Employee 51,875 25,410 26,470
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,485 3,925 2,560
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 60,300 30,395 29,900
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,935 1,065 875
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,360 29,335 29,030
0 Management occupations 5,785 3,415 2,375
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,945 2,090 5,855
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,350 2,640 705
3 Health occupations 4,610 750 3,865
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,295 2,810 5,485
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,545 705 835
6 Sales and service occupations 15,135 6,730 8,405
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,945 7,440 505
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,055 720 335
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,700 2,035 665
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 60,300 30,400 29,900
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,940 1,065 875
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,360 29,335 29,025
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 955 560 395
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 235 200 35
22 Utilities 760 660 95
23 Construction 3,985 3,675 310
31-33 Manufacturing 5,140 3,855 1,280
41 Wholesale trade 2,255 1,675 590
44-45 Retail trade 7,595 3,530 4,070
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,930 1,390 535
51 Information and cultural industries 1,050 630 425
52 Finance and insurance 1,830 665 1,160
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 965 545 430
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,650 1,460 1,195
55 Management of companies and enterprises 20 0 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,935 1,675 1,265
61 Educational services 5,420 1,875 3,545
62 Health care and social assistance 8,095 1,350 6,745
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,495 615 885
72 Accommodation and food services 4,250 1,815 2,440
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,055 1,335 1,720
91 Public administration 3,740 1,820 1,915
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 60,300 30,400 29,905
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,365 1,755 1,610
Worked in 2010 56,935 28,645 28,295
1 to 13 weeks 3,150 1,490 1,665
14 to 26 weeks 3,975 1,935 2,040
27 to 39 weeks 3,745 1,990 1,750
40 to 48 weeks 7,255 3,470 3,785
49 to 52 weeks 38,810 19,755 19,055
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.0 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 60,300 30,395 29,905
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,365 1,755 1,610
Worked in 2010 56,935 28,640 28,290
Worked full-time in 2010 42,725 23,355 19,370
Worked part-time in 2010 14,210 5,285 8,925
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 55,145 27,360 27,785
Worked at home 3,765 1,975 1,785
Worked outside Canada 80 50 25
No fixed workplace address 5,945 4,115 1,830
Worked at usual place 45,360 21,215 24,145
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 51,305 25,335 25,980
Car, truck or van - as a driver 40,990 20,380 20,615
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,590 1,540 2,045
Public transit 1,785 685 1,100
Walked 3,570 1,855 1,720
Bicycle 860 620 240
Other methods 515 260 255
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 51,310 25,330 25,980
Median commuting duration 15.6 15.9 15.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 51,305 25,335 25,975
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 11,615 7,640 3,970
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 28,990 12,410 16,580
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,700 5,280 5,425
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 48,850 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 45,290 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,555 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 48,850 ... ...
1960 or before 18,055 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,905 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,280 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,660 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,480 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,470 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 48,845 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,420 ... ...
5 rooms 6,590 ... ...
6 rooms 7,255 ... ...
7 rooms 7,145 ... ...
8 or more rooms 18,435 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 48,850 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 5,275 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,990 ... ...
3 bedrooms 19,905 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,675 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 48,845 ... ...
Owner 36,010 ... ...
Renter 12,825 ... ...
Band housing 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 48,845 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,890 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 46,955 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 48,845 ... ...
1 household maintainer 28,410 ... ...
2 household maintainers 19,400 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,040 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 48,850 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,870 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,025 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,845 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,220 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,845 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,770 ... ...
75 years and over 7,270 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 48,845 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 48,560 ... ...
More than one person per room 290 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 48,845 ... ...
Suitable 47,030 ... ...
Not suitable 1,820 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 47,570 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 35,260 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 12,310 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 10,525 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 34,880 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 921 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,053 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 250,057 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 277,524 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 12,735 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 48.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 850 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 869 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 98,815 47,240 51,575
Without income 4,335 1,980 2,355
With income 94,480 45,260 49,220
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,515 4,090 4,430
$5,000 to $9,999 7,020 2,955 4,065
$10,000 to $14,999 9,515 3,325 6,190
$15,000 to $19,999 8,180 3,015 5,165
$20,000 to $29,999 14,960 6,470 8,485
$30,000 to $39,999 12,210 5,790 6,415
$40,000 to $49,999 10,080 5,050 5,035
$50,000 to $59,999 6,945 3,970 2,970
$60,000 to $79,999 8,425 4,910 3,520
$80,000 to $99,999 4,630 2,695 1,935
$100,000 and over 4,000 2,990 1,005
$100,000 to $124,999 1,925 1,405 520
$125,000 and over 2,075 1,590 485
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,294 34,961 25,054
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,786 43,873 32,189
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 98,820 47,240 51,580
Without after-tax income 4,365 1,980 2,385
With after-tax income 94,455 45,260 49,195
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,840 4,135 4,705
$5,000 to $9,999 7,045 2,970 4,075
$10,000 to $14,999 9,785 3,470 6,320
$15,000 to $19,999 9,105 3,285 5,820
$20,000 to $29,999 16,595 7,340 9,255
$30,000 to $39,999 15,090 7,440 7,645
$40,000 to $49,999 10,285 5,660 4,625
$50,000 to $59,999 6,520 3,755 2,765
$60,000 to $79,999 7,430 4,430 3,000
$80,000 to $99,999 1,960 1,410 555
$100,000 and over 1,790 1,365 430
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,100 31,756 23,431
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,327 36,825 28,189
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.8 87.0 79.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 67.0 69.8 63.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 63.2 65.2 60.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.8 4.6 2.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.6 3.1 4.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 11.3 12.4 9.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.7 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.2 13.0 20.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.1 4.6 5.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.0 3.0 5.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.3 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.2 4.1 4.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.5 16.1 12.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.5 83.9 87.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.9 0.7 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 31,830 17,480 14,345
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,164 50,081 41,672
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,133 59,431 47,678
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 33,905 ... ...
Median family income ($) 73,681 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,888 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,314 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 74,050 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 14,960 ... ...
Median family income ($) 66,722 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,214 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,091 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,643 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,305 ... ...
Median family income ($) 97,630 ... ...
Average family income ($) 109,298 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,845 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 91,875 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,650 ... ...
Median family income ($) 41,393 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,612 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 39,262 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,092 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 18,965 8,420 10,545
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,852 24,717 25,146
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,895 33,701 32,251
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,585 23,049 23,908
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,606 28,675 28,551
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 116,175 56,235 59,935
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 57,995 27,485 30,515
In bottom decile 10,645 5,075 5,570
In second decile 11,255 4,970 6,285
In third decile 13,450 6,320 7,125
In fourth decile 10,480 5,080 5,405
In fifth decile 12,165 6,035 6,125
In top half of the Canadian distribution 58,180 28,755 29,425
In sixth decile 12,700 5,860 6,845
In seventh decile 12,235 6,115 6,120
In eighth decile 12,315 6,150 6,170
In ninth decile 11,255 5,635 5,625
In top decile 9,665 5,005 4,665
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 48,850 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,110 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 740 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,350 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,030 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,030 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,095 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,150 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,840 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,425 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,625 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,840 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,935 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 48,850 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,175 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 725 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,365 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,140 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,395 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,185 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,925 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,280 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,555 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,495 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,615 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,930 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,690 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 48,850 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 58,314 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,086 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,646 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,509 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 12,950 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,665 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,031 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,835 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,696 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 35,900 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 72,747 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,733 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,447 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,265 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 114,810 55,565 59,245
Less than 18 years 21,700 11,190 10,510
Less than 6 years 6,615 3,420 3,190
18 to 64 years 72,125 35,035 37,095
65 years and over 20,980 9,345 11,640
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,015 6,680 8,335
Less than 18 years 3,865 1,930 1,935
Less than 6 years 1,290 665 620
18 to 64 years 9,780 4,430 5,345
65 years and over 1,365 320 1,045
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.1 12.0 14.1
Less than 18 years (%) 17.8 17.2 18.4
Less than 6 years (%) 19.5 19.4 19.4
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 12.6 14.4
65 years and over (%) 6.5 3.4 9.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Peterborough, CMA, Ontario (Code 529) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Peterborough, CMA, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Peterborough, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 118,975 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 116,570 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 2.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 53,730 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,848 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 79.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,506.90 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 118,975 56,985 61,995
0 to 4 years 5,665 2,810 2,850
5 to 9 years 5,385 2,815 2,565
10 to 14 years 6,240 3,190 3,050
15 to 19 years 7,875 3,965 3,910
15 years 1,430 695 730
16 years 1,510 780 730
17 years 1,555 800 750
18 years 1,600 800 805
19 years 1,790 885 900
20 to 24 years 8,745 4,330 4,410
25 to 29 years 7,110 3,535 3,570
30 to 34 years 6,005 2,905 3,100
35 to 39 years 6,090 2,980 3,110
40 to 44 years 6,890 3,270 3,620
45 to 49 years 8,795 4,220 4,575
50 to 54 years 9,450 4,480 4,975
55 to 59 years 9,095 4,350 4,745
60 to 64 years 8,460 4,025 4,435
65 to 69 years 6,555 3,130 3,425
70 to 74 years 4,970 2,340 2,630
75 to 79 years 4,435 1,985 2,450
80 to 84 years 3,575 1,490 2,085
85 years and over 3,630 1,150 2,485
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 44.6 43.0 46.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.5 84.5 86.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 101,690 48,160 53,525
Married or living with a common-law partner 58,720 29,295 29,430
Married (and not separated) 48,920 24,415 24,505
Living common law 9,805 4,880 4,925
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 42,965 18,865 24,100
Single (never legally married) 26,110 13,710 12,395
Separated 3,290 1,375 1,915
Divorced 6,170 2,340 3,835
Widowed 7,400 1,445 5,955
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 34,290 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 19,175 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,760 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,905 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,450 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 34,290 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 28,850 ... ...
Married couples 23,960 ... ...
Without children at home 12,815 ... ...
With children at home 11,145 ... ...
1 child 4,290 ... ...
2 children 4,825 ... ...
3 or more children 2,030 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,890 ... ...
Without children at home 2,955 ... ...
With children at home 1,930 ... ...
1 child 955 ... ...
2 children 680 ... ...
3 or more children 295 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,445 ... ...
Female parent 4,420 ... ...
1 child 2,710 ... ...
2 children 1,240 ... ...
3 or more children 465 ... ...
Male parent 1,025 ... ...
1 child 690 ... ...
2 children 275 ... ...
3 or more children 60 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 32,085 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,720 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,380 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,245 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,240 ... ...
25 years and over 3,505 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 116,175 55,985 60,185
Number of persons not in census families 20,945 9,210 11,735
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,195 885 1,310
Living with non-relatives only 5,830 3,220 2,615
Living alone 12,920 5,110 7,810
Number of census family persons 95,230 46,780 48,450
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 21,155 9,580 11,570
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,675 1,845 4,825
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 715 175 540
Living with non-relatives only 405 195 210
Living alone 5,555 1,475 4,080
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,480 7,735 6,745
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 48,850 ... ...
Census-family households 33,590 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 30,820 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 26,535 ... ...
Without children 14,535 ... ...
With children 12,000 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,285 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,765 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,085 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,345 ... ...
Without children 635 ... ...
With children 710 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 740 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 685 ... ...
Non-census-family households 15,260 ... ...
One-person households 12,915 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,340 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 48,845 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,210 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,490 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 150 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 11,995 ... ...
Semi-detached house 865 ... ...
Row house 2,775 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,535 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 5,765 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 48,850 ... ...
1 person 12,915 ... ...
2 persons 18,940 ... ...
3 persons 7,300 ... ...
4 persons 6,390 ... ...
5 persons 2,310 ... ...
6 or more persons 995 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 116,175 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 117,595 56,495 61,095
  Single responses  116,915 56,170 60,740
    English  109,395 52,665 56,730
    French  1,265 520 745
    Non-official languages  6,255 2,985 3,270
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 90 35 55
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  80 30 50
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,055 2,890 3,170
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  15 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 5 0
        Albanian  85 50 35
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  165 105 55
        Armenian  5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Bengali  35 25 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  15 10 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  90 40 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  320 155 160
        Creoles  5 5 5
        Croatian  30 15 10
        Czech  85 40 40
        Danish  45 15 25
        Dutch  645 310 335
        Estonian  25 15 10
        Finnish  95 30 60
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  890 420 470
        Greek  100 55 45
        Gujarati  175 85 90
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  80 45 35
        Hungarian  120 55 65
        Ilocano  10 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  380 200 170
        Japanese  35 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  70 30 40
        Korean  195 100 95
        Kurdish  10 0 5
        Lao  5 5 0
        Latvian  15 10 5
        Lingala  5 5 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  20 10 10
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  10 5 10
        Maltese  30 15 15
        Mandarin  115 45 60
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  75 40 40
        Pashto  25 15 15
        Persian (Farsi)  110 50 60
        Polish  490 210 280
        Portuguese  100 45 55
        Romanian  55 30 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  105 55 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  20 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Sindhi  10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  30 10 15
        Slovenian  15 10 10
        Somali  15 5 10
        Spanish  320 155 165
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  25 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  100 30 65
        Taiwanese  0 0 5
        Tamil  60 30 35
        Telugu  25 10 10
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  20 10 10
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 0
        Ukrainian  110 45 65
        Urdu  120 60 55
        Vietnamese  130 65 70
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 110 65 40
  Multiple responses          680 325 355
    English and French  225 105 115
    English and non-official language  415 195 220
    French and non-official language  30 15 15
    English, French and non-official language 15 5 10
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 117,590 56,495 61,100
  English only 109,425 53,140 56,290
  French only 25 15 10
  English and French 7,890 3,235 4,660
  Neither English nor French 250 115 140
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 117,595 56,500 61,095
  English 116,085 55,840 60,240
  French 1,170 500 670
  English and French 120 60 60
  Neither English nor French 220 95 125
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,230 530 700
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 0.9 1.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 117,595 56,500 61,100
  Single responses 116,635 56,055 60,580
    English 114,195 54,895 59,305
    French 370 150 215
    Non-official languages 2,065 1,010 1,060
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 5 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 20 10 15
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,000 975 1,030
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 5 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 35 20 15
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 85 50 35
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 20 15 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 5 5 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 45 20 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 200 100 105
        Creoles 5 0 5
        Croatian 5 5 5
        Czech 25 10 10
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 40 15 25
        Estonian 5 0 5
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 110 60 55
        Greek 10 5 5
        Gujarati 95 50 50
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 0
        Hindi 25 15 10
        Hungarian 20 10 10
        Ilocano 0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 95 45 50
        Japanese 5 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 15
        Korean 160 80 75
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 5 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 10 10 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 85 40 45
        Marathi 5 5 5
        Nepali 5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 20 20
        Pashto 15 10 5
        Persian (Farsi) 60 25 30
        Polish 185 80 100
        Portuguese 20 5 15
        Romanian 20 10 5
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 45 25 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 10 0 5
        Spanish 135 65 65
        Swahili 0 5 5
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 20
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 25 10 15
        Telugu 5 5 5
        Thai 5 0 0
        Tibetan languages 10 5 5
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 0 0 0
        Ukrainian 5 0 5
        Urdu 95 45 45
        Vietnamese 75 35 45
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 30 15
  Multiple responses         955 440 520
    English and French 110 50 60
    English and non-official language 825 385 440
    French and non-official language 10 0 5
    English, French and non-official language 20 5 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 117,595 56,495 61,095
  None 112,905 54,375 58,530
  Single responses  4,585 2,065 2,515
    English  1,095 515 580
    French  1,190 465 725
    Non-official languages  2,300 1,085 1,215
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 160 75 80
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  150 75 80
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,055 975 1,080
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  15 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  45 20 25
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  50 35 15
        Armenian  0 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  15 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  35 15 20
        Chinese, n.o.s.  60 25 30
        Creoles  5 0 5
        Croatian  15 5 5
        Czech  25 10 10
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  185 90 95
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  35 10 25
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  290 135 160
        Greek  55 30 30
        Gujarati  45 20 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  35 15 20
        Hungarian  40 25 15
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  125 65 60
        Japanese  20 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  35 20 15
        Korean  30 15 15
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 5 0
        Lingala  5 5 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  10 5 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  5 0 5
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  35 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 10 20
        Polish  155 70 85
        Portuguese  50 25 30
        Romanian  20 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  35 20 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 0 15
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  5 0 0
        Spanish  215 110 105
        Swahili  10 0 5
        Swedish  10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  35 5 30
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  30 20 10
        Telugu  10 5 5
        Thai  10 10 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  0 0 0
        Ukrainian  25 10 15
        Urdu  20 10 10
        Vietnamese  45 25 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 80 35 45
  Multiple responses          105 55 45
    English and French  5 0 0
    English and non-official language  20 15 10
    French and non-official language  80 45 35
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Peterborough, CMA, Ontario (Code 529) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

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Map

Map: Peterborough (Census metropolitan area), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Peterborough, CMA, Ontario (Census metropolitan area)