NHS Profile, Coquitlam, CY, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Coquitlam, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Coquitlam, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 125,015 61,575 63,445
Canadian citizens 109,640 54,330 55,305
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,045 11,985 11,065
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 86,590 42,340 44,245
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 15,380 7,245 8,140
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 125,020 61,575 63,445
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 70,420 35,450 34,975
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 52,080 25,065 27,015
Before 1971 4,845 2,440 2,400
1971 to 1980 5,455 2,585 2,870
1981 to 1990 6,340 2,935 3,405
1991 to 2000 17,495 8,385 9,115
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 17,945 8,720 9,225
2001 to 2005 9,595 4,685 4,905
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,345 4,035 4,315
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,515 1,065 1,455
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 52,075 25,060 27,015
Under 5 years 4,635 2,470 2,165
5 to 14 years 9,895 5,210 4,685
15 to 24 years 9,025 4,230 4,790
25 to 44 years 22,730 10,310 12,415
45 years and over 5,800 2,840 2,960
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 125,015 61,575 63,440
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 70,420 35,445 34,975
Born in province of residence 53,345 27,005 26,340
Born outside province of residence 17,080 8,445 8,635
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 52,075 25,060 27,015
Americas 3,360 1,480 1,885
United States 1,075 500 580
Jamaica 75 55 20
Guyana 40 15 25
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 525 220 310
Trinidad and Tobago 85 40 40
Colombia 285 120 160
El Salvador 385 135 250
Peru 210 70 135
Chile 80 40 40
Other places of birth in Americas 595 265 330
Europe 10,650 5,415 5,235
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,735 1,400 1,335
Italy 805 450 360
Germany 655 320 340
Poland 840 430 415
Portugal 260 120 140
Netherlands 300 155 145
France 85 40 40
Romania 1,050 525 520
Russian Federation 665 280 390
Greece 100 65 35
Ukraine 455 240 220
Croatia 360 175 190
Hungary 295 160 130
Bosnia and Herzegovina 220 140 80
Serbia 200 130 75
Ireland, Republic of 110 35 75
Other places of birth in Europe 1,510 755 760
Africa 1,985 1,020 965
Morocco 25 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 160 105 55
South Africa, Republic of 665 340 320
Nigeria 35 30 0
Ethiopia 30 20 0
Kenya 285 115 170
Other places of birth in Africa 770 375 390
Asia 35,515 16,875 18,645
India 1,495 775 720
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 7,100 3,355 3,745
Philippines 3,660 1,565 2,090
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 4,570 2,205 2,370
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 410 195 215
Pakistan 245 105 135
Sri Lanka 255 120 130
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 4,965 2,430 2,535
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 5,890 2,920 2,975
Lebanon 125 65 55
Taiwan 2,290 1,065 1,230
Iraq 375 210 160
Bangladesh 35 0 25
Afghanistan 510 215 290
Japan 485 170 320
Turkey 55 25 25
Other places of birth in Asia 3,055 1,440 1,615
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 560 275 290
Fiji 295 140 155
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 270 130 135
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,520 1,065 1,455
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,345 4,030 4,320
Americas 790 390 400
United States 240 105 135
Mexico 275 145 135
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 40 25 0
Colombia 85 60 25
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 50 15 35
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 70 25 40
Europe 945 500 445
France 0 0 0
Germany 20 0 0
Poland 45 0 40
Romania 175 105 75
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 165 70 100
Ukraine 95 65 35
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 205 125 80
Other places of birth in Europe 220 120 105
Africa 155 90 65
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 35 25 15
Other places of birth in Africa 85 45 40
Asia 6,430 3,025 3,400
Philippines 970 435 535
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,345 595 750
India 160 80 80
Pakistan 20 10 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,095 470 625
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,390 645 745
Sri Lanka 90 65 25
Iraq 190 120 65
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 15 0 0
Taiwan 390 230 160
Afghanistan 130 65 65
Japan 110 30 75
Turkey 35 20 0
Israel 15 0 0
Nepal 50 15 30
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 60 30 35
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 360 200 165
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 25 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 125,020 61,575 63,440
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 54,975 26,350 28,625
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 28,970 14,745 14,220
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 41,075 20,480 20,595
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 125,015 61,575 63,440
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 54,750 26,460 28,285
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 5,245 2,565 2,685
Chinese 21,575 10,460 11,120
Black 1,265 660 600
Filipino 4,865 2,075 2,790
Latin American 1,895 850 1,040
Arab 995 530 465
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,550 770 780
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 6,380 3,160 3,220
Korean 7,830 3,770 4,060
Japanese 1,310 670 645
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 225 110 115
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,615 845 770
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 70,270 35,115 35,155
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 125,015 61,575 63,445
North American Aboriginal origins 3,600 1,625 1,980
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,430 1,025 1,405
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 1,310 650 655
Other North American origins 18,735 9,405 9,325
Acadian 70 45 30
American 1,495 735 760
Canadian 17,640 8,875 8,760
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 25 20 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 67,570 33,495 34,070
British Isles origins 40,065 19,815 20,255
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 25,150 12,250 12,900
Irish 13,375 6,575 6,805
Manx 50 25 25
Scottish 16,625 8,320 8,305
Welsh 2,170 1,010 1,165
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,520 1,230 1,295
French origins 8,550 4,115 4,440
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 8,550 4,110 4,435
Western European origins (except French origins) 15,750 7,665 8,085
Austrian 1,040 465 570
Belgian 335 175 155
Dutch 3,900 1,910 1,990
Flemish 65 30 40
Frisian 0 0 0
German 11,200 5,430 5,765
Luxembourger 85 70 20
Swiss 440 225 215
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 6,850 3,185 3,670
Danish 1,160 605 550
Finnish 1,060 495 570
Icelandic 585 300 280
Norwegian 2,690 1,115 1,570
Swedish 1,735 820 915
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 230 100 130
Eastern European origins 15,325 7,610 7,715
Bulgarian 175 90 85
Byelorussian 80 40 35
Czech 505 310 195
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 155 80 80
Estonian 80 35 50
Hungarian 1,620 865 755
Latvian 115 40 75
Lithuanian 80 35 45
Moldovan 10 0 0
Polish 4,300 2,205 2,095
Romanian 1,555 760 795
Russian 3,235 1,500 1,730
Slovak 535 265 270
Ukrainian 5,410 2,590 2,820
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 20 0 20
Southern European origins 13,555 6,780 6,775
Albanian 90 45 40
Bosnian 105 70 35
Croatian 1,320 665 655
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 670 350 320
Italian 7,580 3,795 3,780
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 45 25 20
Maltese 125 55 70
Montenegrin 20 0 0
Portuguese 1,245 620 625
Serbian 360 220 145
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 125 50 70
Spanish 2,670 1,280 1,390
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 215 75 140
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 920 480 440
Basque 25 0 0
Jewish 705 340 370
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 45 20 20
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 140 100 40
Caribbean origins 620 270 350
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 75 35 45
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 65 35 35
Dominican 25 0 15
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 30 15 0
Jamaican 255 95 160
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 105 45 55
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 30 10 15
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 20 15 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,530 1,160 1,375
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 135 60 75
Argentinian 30 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 140 65 70
Chilean 135 70 60
Colombian 345 175 170
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 30 15 15
Guyanese 60 30 25
Hispanic 15 0 0
Honduran 25 0 0
Maya 140 75 65
Mexican 810 375 430
Nicaraguan 40 25 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 180 60 120
Salvadorean 430 210 220
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 50 20 25
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 85 15 70
African origins 1,875 1,040 835
Central and West African origins 225 140 80
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 75 50 25
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 25 0 0
Nigerian 50 35 15
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 30 25 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 410 225 185
Algerian 35 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 170 95 75
Libyan 120 70 55
Maure 15 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 65 30 35
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 750 400 355
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 50 30 30
Ethiopian 40 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 50 35 10
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 20 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 415 210 205
Tanzanian 30 20 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 35 15 15
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 85 50 30
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 75 45 30
Other African origins 525 300 225
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 70 40 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 480 275 205
Asian origins 52,305 25,275 27,035
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 8,900 4,420 4,480
Afghan 750 340 410
Arab, n.o.s. 395 215 180
Armenian 190 100 90
Assyrian 30 20 0
Azerbaijani 125 60 65
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 6,315 3,145 3,170
Iraqi 195 95 100
Israeli 35 20 15
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 285 150 130
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 285 140 140
Palestinian 85 35 50
Pashtun 35 0 25
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 120 60 60
Tajik 20 0 20
Tatar 35 0 20
Turk 275 145 135
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 40 40
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 165 55 110
South Asian origins 5,285 2,590 2,695
Bangladeshi 30 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,455 2,180 2,270
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 35 20 15
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 125 60 65
Pakistani 250 100 145
Punjabi 155 70 90
Sinhalese 30 0 20
Sri Lankan 290 140 155
Tamil 95 0 55
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 115 60 55
East and Southeast Asian origins 38,605 18,490 20,115
Burmese 95 40 55
Cambodian (Khmer) 35 0 25
Chinese 22,900 11,075 11,835
Filipino 5,265 2,260 3,005
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 290 130 155
Japanese 1,740 865 875
Korean 7,900 3,840 4,065
Laotian 80 35 45
Malaysian 285 140 140
Mongolian 70 45 20
Singaporean 165 85 80
Taiwanese 850 430 420
Thai 85 40 50
Tibetan 25 0 0
Vietnamese 675 370 305
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 55 0 40
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 575 285 295
Australian 140 65 80
New Zealander 145 80 65
Pacific Islands origins 290 135 155
Fijian 205 100 100
Hawaiian 20 0 0
Maori 50 25 25
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 15 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 125,020 61,575 63,445
Buddhist 2,540 1,160 1,385
Christian 61,075 28,345 32,730
Anglican 4,025 1,755 2,265
Baptist 2,630 1,160 1,470
Catholic 26,750 12,535 14,215
Christian Orthodox 2,935 1,505 1,430
Lutheran 1,880 850 1,030
Pentecostal 1,505 770 745
Presbyterian 1,840 840 1,005
United Church 4,970 2,130 2,830
Other Christian 14,540 6,805 7,735
Hindu 1,115 495 620
Jewish 560 280 280
Muslim 6,475 3,230 3,245
Sikh 1,430 695 735
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 15 0 10
Other religions 1,485 650 830
No religious affiliation 50,315 26,710 23,605
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 125,015 61,575 63,445
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,615 1,185 1,425
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,320 545 780
Métis single identity 1,115 555 560
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 50 20 25
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 125 65 55
Non-Aboriginal identity 122,405 60,390 62,020
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 125,015 61,575 63,445
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 755 380 375
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 124,260 61,190 63,070
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 125,015 61,575 63,445
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,600 1,625 1,980
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,430 1,025 1,405
Métis ancestry 1,310 655 660
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 121,415 59,950 61,465
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 59,540 28,620 30,920
Aboriginal languages 50 15 35
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 35 0 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 59,490 28,600 30,890
Italian 1,900 1,030 870
Portuguese 700 330 370
Romanian 1,220 635 580
Spanish 3,400 1,625 1,775
Dutch 440 185 250
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,705 845 865
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 210 90 120
Norwegian 65 50 15
Swedish 110 40 70
Afrikaans 365 160 205
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 65 40 25
Bulgarian 150 70 75
Croatian 665 365 300
Czech 225 110 115
Macedonian 40 20 20
Polish 1,385 735 655
Russian 2,070 1,010 1,065
Serbian 325 210 115
Serbo-Croatian 35 0 25
Slovak 245 90 150
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 415 180 235
Latvian 25 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 240 145 95
Armenian 110 55 50
Albanian 65 40 25
Estonian 15 0 0
Finnish 220 90 130
Hungarian 520 285 235
Turkish 325 140 185
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 15 0 0
Arabic 1,215 670 540
Hebrew 105 50 60
Maltese 30 0 15
Tigrigna 35 15 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 0
Bengali 70 35 35
Gujarati 755 350 400
Hindi 1,285 620 670
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 0 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,555 760 790
Sindhi 165 65 95
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 85 80
Urdu 415 170 245
Nepali 100 50 50
Kurdish 265 135 130
Pashto 55 40 0
Persian (Farsi) 6,570 3,190 3,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 0 20
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 30 15 20
Tamil 285 140 150
Telugu 50 30 20
Japanese 1,225 580 645
Korean 7,725 3,725 3,995
Cantonese 7,450 3,550 3,900
Fukien 160 45 115
Hakka 60 25 40
Mandarin 7,320 3,315 4,005
Taiwanese 390 170 215
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,910 2,745 3,155
Lao 45 0 0
Thai 95 45 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 0 20
Vietnamese 485 255 230
Bisayan languages 110 30 75
Ilocano 90 20 65
Malay 535 245 290
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 3,635 1,520 2,115
Akan (Twi) 40 25 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 100 45 50
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 65 30
African languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Creoles 75 55 20
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 815 365 450
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 123,700 61,050 62,650
Non-movers 108,235 53,355 54,885
Movers 15,465 7,695 7,770
Non-migrants 6,650 3,275 3,380
Migrants 8,810 4,425 4,390
Internal migrants 6,505 3,290 3,215
Intraprovincial migrants 5,735 2,915 2,820
Interprovincial migrants 775 375 400
External migrants 2,310 1,135 1,170
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 118,555 58,410 60,140
Non-movers 69,950 34,115 35,835
Movers 48,610 24,300 24,310
Non-migrants 19,070 9,725 9,345
Migrants 29,540 14,570 14,965
Internal migrants 20,410 10,195 10,210
Intraprovincial migrants 17,775 8,745 9,035
Interprovincial migrants 2,630 1,450 1,180
External migrants 9,130 4,375 4,755
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 104,390 50,810 53,580
No certificate, diploma or degree 13,010 6,265 6,740
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 28,560 13,365 15,200
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 62,820 31,180 31,640
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,620 6,505 3,115
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 18,465 7,985 10,475
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,910 3,070 3,835
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 27,830 13,615 14,210
Bachelor's degree 17,920 8,625 9,290
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,910 4,990 4,920
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 72,030 34,770 37,255
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,430 2,210 2,220
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,510 7,655 8,855
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 51,090 24,905 26,180
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,030 4,705 2,325
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,500 6,290 8,210
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,500 2,385 3,110
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 24,055 11,525 12,535
Bachelor's degree 15,340 7,345 7,995
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,715 4,180 4,540
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 104,390 50,810 53,580
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 41,565 19,630 21,940
Education 3,870 885 2,980
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,795 1,250 1,545
Humanities 3,425 1,220 2,200
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,955 2,440 4,515
Business, management and public administration 13,890 5,665 8,220
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,790 1,410 1,375
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,450 2,115 1,335
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 14,310 12,730 1,585
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 855 530 330
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,650 1,630 6,020
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,830 1,300 1,530
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 104,390 50,810 53,580
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,570 19,630 21,940
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 62,825 31,185 31,640
Location of study inside Canada 41,795 20,790 21,000
Same as province or territory of residence 35,085 17,010 18,080
Another province or territory 6,705 3,785 2,920
Location of study outside Canada 21,025 10,390 10,640
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 74,240 38,590 35,655
Single responses 72,895 37,920 34,970
English 69,685 36,185 33,490
French 180 55 125
Non-official languages 3,040 1,680 1,355
Chinese, n.o.s. 590 325 270
Cantonese 565 315 250
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 435 250 180
Spanish 75 30 40
Korean 1,015 545 470
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 335 210 130
Multiple responses 1,345 665 675
English and French 150 40 110
English and non-official language 1,190 620 570
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 74,240 38,590 35,650
English 69,680 36,190 33,495
French 180 55 125
Non-official language 3,040 1,680 1,355
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 3,035 1,680 1,355
English and French 150 45 110
English and non-official language 1,190 620 570
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 104,390 50,810 53,580
In the labour force 69,720 36,525 33,190
Employed 64,695 33,815 30,875
Unemployed 5,025 2,710 2,315
Not in the labour force 34,675 14,285 20,385
Participation rate 66.8 71.9 61.9
Employment rate 62.0 66.6 57.6
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.4 7.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 69,715 36,525 33,195
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,620 795 820
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 68,100 35,730 32,375
Employee 60,090 30,875 29,220
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,010 4,855 3,155
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 69,715 36,525 33,195
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,615 795 820
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 68,100 35,730 32,370
0 Management occupations 8,245 5,265 2,980
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,695 3,870 8,825
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,875 4,645 1,225
3 Health occupations 4,085 950 3,135
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,235 2,305 4,930
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,060 945 1,120
6 Sales and service occupations 16,300 7,160 9,135
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,135 8,760 375
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 520 450 75
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,955 1,380 575
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 69,720 36,525 33,190
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,620 795 820
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 68,100 35,725 32,375
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 225 155 70
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 245 170 75
22 Utilities 670 400 265
23 Construction 5,745 5,035 710
31-33 Manufacturing 4,560 3,270 1,295
41 Wholesale trade 3,895 2,570 1,325
44-45 Retail trade 8,290 3,910 4,380
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,270 2,525 750
51 Information and cultural industries 2,435 1,505 935
52 Finance and insurance 3,775 1,565 2,205
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,700 790 910
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,015 3,340 2,675
55 Management of companies and enterprises 90 50 35
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,545 1,480 1,060
61 Educational services 5,310 1,675 3,640
62 Health care and social assistance 6,455 1,155 5,295
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,170 670 500
72 Accommodation and food services 4,470 1,995 2,475
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,585 1,480 2,105
91 Public administration 3,660 2,005 1,650
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 69,720 36,525 33,190
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,705 1,660 2,045
Worked in 2010 66,010 34,865 31,145
1 to 13 weeks 3,500 1,665 1,840
14 to 26 weeks 5,575 2,680 2,895
27 to 39 weeks 3,895 1,960 1,945
40 to 48 weeks 11,820 6,020 5,800
49 to 52 weeks 41,215 22,540 18,675
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.4 45.0 43.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 69,715 36,530 33,190
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,705 1,660 2,045
Worked in 2010 66,015 34,865 31,145
Worked full-time in 2010 50,985 29,990 20,995
Worked part-time in 2010 15,030 4,875 10,150
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 64,695 33,815 30,880
Worked at home 4,595 2,080 2,515
Worked outside Canada 470 375 95
No fixed workplace address 8,365 6,175 2,190
Worked at usual place 51,260 25,185 26,080
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 59,630 31,360 28,270
Car, truck or van - as a driver 43,285 24,440 18,835
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,990 1,055 1,935
Public transit 10,215 4,465 5,745
Walked 2,075 815 1,260
Bicycle 290 195 95
Other methods 780 385 395
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 59,630 31,360 28,270
Median commuting duration 30.4 30.6 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 59,625 31,360 28,265
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 14,905 9,590 5,315
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,245 15,900 16,340
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 12,480 5,865 6,610
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 45,550 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 42,825 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,725 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 45,555 ... ...
1960 or before 3,975 ... ...
1961 to 1980 14,340 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,910 ... ...
1991 to 2000 11,105 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,365 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,860 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 45,555 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 14,355 ... ...
5 rooms 5,375 ... ...
6 rooms 4,900 ... ...
7 rooms 4,910 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,015 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 45,555 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 6,895 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,665 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,365 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 15,635 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 45,555 ... ...
Owner 33,880 ... ...
Renter 11,675 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 45,550 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 12,865 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 32,690 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 45,555 ... ...
1 household maintainer 25,190 ... ...
2 household maintainers 18,830 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,535 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 45,555 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,240 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,310 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,080 ... ...
45 to 54 years 12,310 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,140 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,880 ... ...
75 years and over 3,590 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 45,555 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,860 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,690 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 45,550 ... ...
Suitable 41,775 ... ...
Not suitable 3,780 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 45,385 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 30,515 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,875 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,420 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 33,875 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 27.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,310 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,421 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 599,465 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 588,265 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 11,675 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 48.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 949 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,035 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 104,390 50,810 53,580
Without income 6,875 3,065 3,810
With income 97,510 47,750 49,770
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 13,830 6,365 7,465
$5,000 to $9,999 7,415 2,715 4,705
$10,000 to $14,999 8,675 3,510 5,170
$15,000 to $19,999 7,825 2,930 4,895
$20,000 to $29,999 11,940 5,120 6,825
$30,000 to $39,999 10,440 4,945 5,495
$40,000 to $49,999 9,135 4,205 4,935
$50,000 to $59,999 7,180 3,895 3,285
$60,000 to $79,999 9,865 6,190 3,675
$80,000 to $99,999 5,595 3,560 2,040
$100,000 and over 5,605 4,315 1,290
$100,000 to $124,999 2,780 2,065 710
$125,000 and over 2,825 2,250 580
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,112 36,418 23,194
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,072 47,009 31,456
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 104,385 50,810 53,580
Without after-tax income 6,905 3,065 3,845
With after-tax income 97,485 47,750 49,740
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 13,920 6,395 7,525
$5,000 to $9,999 7,515 2,755 4,760
$10,000 to $14,999 8,910 3,580 5,330
$15,000 to $19,999 8,340 3,105 5,230
$20,000 to $29,999 13,785 6,085 7,705
$30,000 to $39,999 12,270 5,810 6,465
$40,000 to $49,999 10,565 5,375 5,190
$50,000 to $59,999 7,330 4,455 2,875
$60,000 to $79,999 9,055 5,815 3,250
$80,000 to $99,999 3,285 2,370 910
$100,000 and over 2,505 2,000 510
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,071 33,209 22,283
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,486 39,476 27,736
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.6 93.4 86.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 79.7 83.0 75.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 75.7 78.5 71.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.1 4.5 3.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.6 4.1 5.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.9 5.1 4.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.2 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.4 6.5 13.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.6 2.2 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.5 1.8 3.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.1 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.5 1.4 1.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.3 16.0 11.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.7 84.0 88.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.0 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 35,075 20,515 14,565
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,190 58,895 47,079
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 61,471 68,323 51,821
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 34,770 ... ...
Median family income ($) 82,067 ... ...
Average family income ($) 94,768 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,064 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,089 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,436 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,012 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,374 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,232 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,975 ... ...
Median family income ($) 98,469 ... ...
Average family income ($) 109,712 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 86,357 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 93,463 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,835 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,453 ... ...
Average family income ($) 55,411 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 43,996 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 49,346 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,795 7,015 6,780
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,585 35,685 25,679
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,349 42,031 32,508
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,555 32,291 24,483
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,268 35,745 28,672
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 125,020 61,575 63,440
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 57,075 27,290 29,785
In bottom decile 15,370 7,360 8,010
In second decile 11,370 5,195 6,170
In third decile 9,475 4,550 4,925
In fourth decile 10,180 4,895 5,280
In fifth decile 10,685 5,290 5,395
In top half of the Canadian distribution 67,945 34,285 33,655
In sixth decile 11,570 5,580 5,990
In seventh decile 13,285 6,705 6,585
In eighth decile 12,565 6,415 6,150
In ninth decile 15,740 7,960 7,785
In top decile 14,775 7,630 7,145
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 45,555 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,670 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,970 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,535 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,715 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,615 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,335 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,000 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,010 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,000 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,270 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,090 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 45,555 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,685 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,130 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,220 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,040 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,045 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,185 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,335 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,855 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,665 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,520 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,870 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,725 ... ...
$125,000 and over 6,145 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 45,555 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,787 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 83,640 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,737 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,661 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,770 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 33,412 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 40,002 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,620 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 34,553 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 35,780 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 82,621 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 95,554 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 73,484 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 81,793 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 125,015 61,580 63,445
Less than 18 years 26,150 13,690 12,455
Less than 6 years 7,680 3,760 3,920
18 to 64 years 84,815 41,350 43,465
65 years and over 14,055 6,535 7,520
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 21,620 10,150 11,470
Less than 18 years 5,515 2,910 2,605
Less than 6 years 1,340 690 650
18 to 64 years 13,990 6,415 7,575
65 years and over 2,115 825 1,290
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.3 16.5 18.1
Less than 18 years (%) 21.1 21.3 20.9
Less than 6 years (%) 17.4 18.4 16.6
18 to 64 years (%) 16.5 15.5 17.4
65 years and over (%) 15.0 12.6 17.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Coquitlam, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915034) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 10, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Coquitlam, CY, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Coquitlam, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Coquitlam, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 126,456E  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 114,565 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 10.4E  ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,083 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,553 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,034.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 122.30 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 126,455 62,100 64,355
0 to 4 years 6,490 3,240 3,250
5 to 9 years 6,710 3,535 3,170
10 to 14 years 7,500 3,880 3,620
15 to 19 years 9,170 4,745 4,425
15 years 1,725 855 865
16 years 1,790 945 845
17 years 1,840 965 875
18 years 1,900 985 915
19 years 1,915 995 920
20 to 24 years 9,090 4,760 4,325
25 to 29 years 7,935 4,055 3,880
30 to 34 years 7,445 3,620 3,830
35 to 39 years 8,200 3,800 4,400
40 to 44 years 10,415 4,815 5,600
45 to 49 years 11,175 5,410 5,765
50 to 54 years 11,110 5,350 5,755
55 to 59 years 9,160 4,600 4,560
60 to 64 years 6,985 3,440 3,540
65 to 69 years 4,755 2,355 2,400
70 to 74 years 3,740 1,720 2,020
75 to 79 years 2,820 1,325 1,485
80 to 84 years 1,960 840 1,115
85 years and over 1,800 600 1,200
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.3 39.3 41.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.6 82.8 84.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 105,755 51,445 54,310
Married or living with a common-law partner 62,255 30,920 31,330
Married (and not separated) 56,265 27,925 28,345
Living common law 5,985 2,995 2,990
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 43,500 20,520 22,980
Single (never legally married) 30,820 16,690 14,130
Separated 2,480 945 1,535
Divorced 5,565 2,050 3,515
Widowed 4,630 835 3,800
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 35,880 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,850 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 9,070 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 9,240 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,725 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 35,880 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 30,335 ... ...
Married couples 27,345 ... ...
Without children at home 9,605 ... ...
With children at home 17,740 ... ...
1 child 6,755 ... ...
2 children 8,475 ... ...
3 or more children 2,505 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,990 ... ...
Without children at home 1,895 ... ...
With children at home 1,095 ... ...
1 child 565 ... ...
2 children 385 ... ...
3 or more children 140 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,545 ... ...
Female parent 4,445 ... ...
1 child 2,645 ... ...
2 children 1,435 ... ...
3 or more children 365 ... ...
Male parent 1,100 ... ...
1 child 695 ... ...
2 children 315 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 41,985 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,680 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,875 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,170 ... ...
18 to 24 years 10,370 ... ...
25 years and over 5,890 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 125,015 61,520 63,500
Number of persons not in census families 16,815 7,910 8,905
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,065 1,100 1,965
Living with non-relatives only 4,000 2,260 1,745
Living alone 9,750 4,555 5,190
Number of census family persons 108,200 53,605 54,595
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 14,130 6,595 7,535
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,280 1,175 3,110
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,140 215 930
Living with non-relatives only 265 140 125
Living alone 2,875 815 2,060
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,840 5,420 4,425
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 45,550 ... ...
Census-family households 34,185 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 29,945 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 25,615 ... ...
Without children 9,515 ... ...
With children 16,095 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,335 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,235 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,645 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,055 ... ...
Without children 565 ... ...
With children 1,490 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 590 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,590 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,365 ... ...
One-person households 9,750 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,625 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 45,550 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,155 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 3,535 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 290 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 21,575 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,380 ... ...
Row house 3,875 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,065 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,230 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 45,555 ... ...
1 person 9,750 ... ...
2 persons 13,400 ... ...
3 persons 8,610 ... ...
4 persons 9,075 ... ...
5 persons 3,065 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,655 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 125,015 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,215 61,580 63,635
  Single responses  121,905 59,960 61,945
    English  68,700 34,620 34,075
    French  1,420 655 765
    Non-official languages  51,790 24,685 27,100
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 51,485 24,545 26,940
        African languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Afrikaans  75 40 35
        Akan (Twi)  30 15 15
        Albanian  35 20 15
        Amharic  15 5 10
        Arabic  735 395 340
        Armenian  70 35 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  40 25 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  140 55 85
        Bosnian  95 45 55
        Bulgarian  135 65 65
        Burmese  35 20 15
        Cantonese  5,515 2,605 2,910
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,515 2,615 2,900
        Creoles  20 10 10
        Croatian  600 295 305
        Czech  225 115 110
        Danish  120 55 70
        Dutch  335 155 185
        Estonian  15 10 10
        Finnish  190 80 110
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  90 40 45
        German  1,120 540 580
        Greek  215 120 95
        Gujarati  380 170 205
        Hakka  85 45 40
        Hebrew  25 10 15
        Hindi  445 220 230
        Hungarian  515 245 265
        Ilocano  90 35 55
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 45 20 20
        Italian  1,420 735 685
        Japanese  715 290 420
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 10 10
        Korean  7,330 3,460 3,870
        Kurdish  200 110 90
        Lao  15 10 10
        Latvian  20 15 10
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 10
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  340 150 185
        Malayalam  35 25 15
        Maltese  15 5 5
        Mandarin  5,690 2,710 2,980
        Marathi  35 20 15
        Nepali  135 65 65
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Norwegian  45 25 20
        Oromo  5 10 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,115 530 585
        Pashto  25 20 10
        Persian (Farsi)  5,880 2,935 2,945
        Polish  1,160 570 590
        Portuguese  550 260 290
        Romanian  1,030 510 515
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 5 15
        Russian  1,505 740 765
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Serbian  345 185 160
        Serbo-Croatian  55 30 20
        Shanghainese  75 40 35
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Sindhi  145 65 80
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  110 60 50
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Slovak  220 95 120
        Slovenian  40 15 20
        Somali  15 5 5
        Spanish  1,995 920 1,075
        Swahili  30 15 15
        Swedish  55 25 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,375 940 1,440
        Taiwanese  240 120 125
        Tamil  105 55 50
        Telugu  10 0 5
        Thai  80 25 55
        Tibetan languages  15 5 5
        Tigrigna  20 10 15
        Turkish  185 95 85
        Ukrainian  300 140 165
        Urdu  190 90 90
        Vietnamese  500 235 260
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 290 140 155
  Multiple responses          3,310 1,620 1,690
    English and French  235 135 105
    English and non-official language  2,890 1,400 1,495
    French and non-official language  105 50 55
    English, French and non-official language 75 35 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,210 61,580 63,630
  English only 111,635 55,785 55,850
  French only 60 25 35
  English and French 8,025 3,525 4,500
  Neither English nor French 5,490 2,245 3,250
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,215 61,580 63,635
  English 117,510 58,320 59,190
  French 1,395 650 745
  English and French 900 410 490
  Neither English nor French 5,405 2,195 3,205
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,845 855 990
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.5 1.4 1.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,215 61,580 63,635
  Single responses 117,920 58,055 59,870
    English 84,920 42,210 42,705
    French 395 185 210
    Non-official languages 32,610 15,655 16,960
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 5 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 32,490 15,595 16,895
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Afrikaans 30 15 20
        Akan (Twi) 10 5 5
        Albanian 15 10 5
        Amharic 5 0 5
        Arabic 450 235 215
        Armenian 25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 25 15 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 60 20 40
        Bosnian 75 35 40
        Bulgarian 90 45 45
        Burmese 15 5 5
        Cantonese 4,350 2,050 2,295
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,560 1,690 1,870
        Creoles 15 5 10
        Croatian 225 105 115
        Czech 70 35 40
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 25 15 15
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 60 25 35
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 50 20 25
        German 120 55 65
        Greek 50 30 20
        Gujarati 160 70 95
        Hakka 25 15 15
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 180 90 90
        Hungarian 220 110 110
        Ilocano 25 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Italian 305 140 170
        Japanese 360 165 200
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
        Korean 6,210 2,930 3,280
        Kurdish 150 80 75
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 10 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 5 5 5
        Malay 145 70 75
        Malayalam 5 0 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 4,640 2,235 2,400
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 105 55 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 515 240 275
        Pashto 20 15 5
        Persian (Farsi) 4,275 2,080 2,200
        Polish 535 260 275
        Portuguese 165 75 85
        Romanian 615 305 305
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 1,105 560 540
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Serbian 185 90 100
        Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
        Shanghainese 35 20 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Sindhi 55 25 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
        Slovak 110 60 50
        Slovenian 5 0 5
        Somali 10 5 0
        Spanish 1,115 555 565
        Swahili 5 5 0
        Swedish 5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 940 445 500
        Taiwanese 105 55 50
        Tamil 35 20 20
        Telugu 5 5 5
        Thai 25 10 10
        Tibetan languages 10 5 5
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 75 40 35
        Ukrainian 60 30 35
        Urdu 110 55 55
        Vietnamese 275 140 135
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 55 60
  Multiple responses         7,290 3,525 3,760
    English and French 130 65 65
    English and non-official language 7,015 3,400 3,615
    French and non-official language 30 15 20
    English, French and non-official language 110 45 65
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,210 61,580 63,630
  None 97,625 48,295 49,330
  Single responses  27,130 13,080 14,045
    English  13,015 6,480 6,540
    French  1,015 425 590
    Non-official languages  13,090 6,180 6,915
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,945 6,105 6,840
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Afrikaans  45 25 20
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  10 0 5
        Arabic  235 125 110
        Armenian  15 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 15 10
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  30 10 20
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  1,140 550 585
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,020 490 535
        Creoles  30 15 15
        Croatian  245 120 120
        Czech  60 35 30
        Danish  40 15 25
        Dutch  110 50 60
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  50 20 30
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  45 20 20
        German  365 170 190
        Greek  120 60 60
        Gujarati  235 100 130
        Hakka  20 10 10
        Hebrew  25 15 10
        Hindi  300 140 155
        Hungarian  145 70 75
        Ilocano  35 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Italian  600 280 320
        Japanese  280 120 160
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  800 395 410
        Kurdish  25 15 15
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  145 60 80
        Malayalam  25 15 10
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  1,000 480 525
        Marathi  25 15 15
        Nepali  15 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Norwegian  20 15 5
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  475 245 225
        Pashto  10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  1,050 555 495
        Polish  340 155 180
        Portuguese  225 95 135
        Romanian  275 135 140
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  295 145 145
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  105 60 45
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 10
        Shanghainese  20 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Sindhi  85 35 45
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  60 30 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Slovak  80 25 55
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  0 5 0
        Spanish  775 340 435
        Swahili  25 10 10
        Swedish  20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,005 370 635
        Taiwanese  160 80 85
        Tamil  45 20 20
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  25 10 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 5
        Turkish  105 55 55
        Ukrainian  75 35 40
        Urdu  70 30 35
        Vietnamese  135 65 70
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 145 70 75
  Multiple responses          460 205 255
    English and French  75 30 40
    English and non-official language  190 95 95
    French and non-official language  190 80 115
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

E use with caution

After the release of the 2006 or 2011 Census population and dwelling counts, errors are occasionally uncovered in the data. It is not possible to make changes to the 2006 or 2011 Census data presented in these tables.

Refer to the 2006 population and dwelling count amendments or the 2011 population and dwelling count amendments for further information.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Coquitlam, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915034) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 10, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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