NHS Profile, Victoria, CY, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Victoria, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Victoria, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 76,025 36,065 39,960
Canadian citizens 71,290 33,850 37,440
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,540 4,205 4,335
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 62,745 29,645 33,105
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 4,740 2,210 2,525
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 76,025 36,060 39,965
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 60,535 28,785 31,740
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 13,875 6,490 7,385
Before 1971 4,550 2,070 2,475
1971 to 1980 2,165 1,105 1,060
1981 to 1990 1,770 830 940
1991 to 2000 2,145 950 1,195
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,240 1,530 1,715
2001 to 2005 1,370 655 710
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,875 880 1,000
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,620 785 835
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 13,875 6,490 7,385
Under 5 years 1,550 775 775
5 to 14 years 2,590 1,305 1,285
15 to 24 years 2,915 1,250 1,670
25 to 44 years 5,440 2,600 2,835
45 years and over 1,370 560 810
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 76,025 36,060 39,965
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 60,530 28,785 31,745
Born in province of residence 33,825 16,295 17,525
Born outside province of residence 26,710 12,490 14,220
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 13,875 6,495 7,385
Americas 2,325 1,050 1,280
United States 1,500 755 750
Jamaica 55 40 15
Guyana 35 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 115 50 60
Trinidad and Tobago 85 0 65
Colombia 135 45 95
El Salvador 15 0 0
Peru 25 0 0
Chile 50 20 30
Other places of birth in Americas 300 90 210
Europe 6,795 3,295 3,505
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,570 1,855 1,715
Italy 215 110 100
Germany 585 230 345
Poland 340 130 215
Portugal 55 25 25
Netherlands 305 155 155
France 155 100 60
Romania 60 25 40
Russian Federation 155 65 90
Greece 30 20 0
Ukraine 145 70 80
Croatia 35 15 20
Hungary 100 50 45
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 15 0
Serbia 55 0 30
Ireland, Republic of 240 50 190
Other places of birth in Europe 735 360 375
Africa 810 395 415
Morocco 75 45 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 80 40 45
South Africa, Republic of 250 95 160
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 40 20 25
Kenya 35 15 25
Other places of birth in Africa 305 170 135
Asia 3,740 1,665 2,080
India 315 170 145
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,090 505 575
Philippines 695 230 465
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 275 125 150
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 190 85 100
Pakistan 45 30 15
Sri Lanka 25 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 165 90 75
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 215 125 95
Lebanon 30 20 0
Taiwan 130 40 85
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 170 35 130
Turkey 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 375 165 215
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 200 90 105
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 195 95 105
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,620 785 835
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,875 875 995
Americas 385 215 175
United States 215 130 80
Mexico 50 30 20
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 45 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 0 20
Europe 370 205 165
France 30 0 0
Germany 25 15 15
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 20 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 170 95 70
Other places of birth in Europe 100 55 45
Africa 220 115 105
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 55 0 40
Morocco 50 30 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 80 50 30
Asia 865 325 540
Philippines 190 65 120
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 250 85 165
India 50 20 25
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 40 15 25
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 50 35 20
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 10 0 0
Taiwan 80 35 45
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 55 0 50
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 35 0 25
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 70 25 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 40 25 20
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 76,030 36,065 39,965
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 15,920 7,505 8,415
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 18,770 8,785 9,985
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 41,330 19,765 21,565
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 76,025 36,065 39,965
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 8,985 4,015 4,970
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,160 535 620
Chinese 2,895 1,335 1,560
Black 850 435 410
Filipino 1,155 360 795
Latin American 505 205 295
Arab 340 155 185
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 460 220 240
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 290 145 145
Korean 355 190 170
Japanese 470 180 295
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 90 30 65
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 415 225 180
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 67,040 32,040 34,995
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 76,030 36,060 39,965
North American Aboriginal origins 4,490 2,070 2,415
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,325 1,535 1,795
Inuit 100 30 65
Métis 1,205 545 660
Other North American origins 17,040 7,800 9,240
Acadian 150 55 95
American 1,880 830 1,050
Canadian 15,565 7,150 8,420
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 35 20 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 25 0 20
Québécois 65 35 35
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 62,830 29,905 32,925
British Isles origins 47,515 22,530 24,980
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 20 0 0
English 29,735 14,530 15,205
Irish 17,175 7,650 9,520
Manx 35 25 0
Scottish 21,390 10,005 11,385
Welsh 3,030 1,370 1,655
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,745 1,845 1,900
French origins 8,800 4,070 4,730
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 8,805 4,070 4,730
Western European origins (except French origins) 15,395 7,115 8,280
Austrian 895 385 505
Belgian 595 220 375
Dutch 3,830 1,885 1,945
Flemish 35 20 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 10,800 4,935 5,860
Luxembourger 20 0 0
Swiss 500 230 275
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 6,400 2,890 3,510
Danish 1,415 660 755
Finnish 580 310 270
Icelandic 505 215 290
Norwegian 2,415 1,090 1,325
Swedish 1,675 700 970
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 360 155 200
Eastern European origins 10,070 4,415 5,660
Bulgarian 95 45 55
Byelorussian 20 0 20
Czech 465 165 295
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 235 60 175
Estonian 70 35 35
Hungarian 950 420 525
Latvian 130 60 70
Lithuanian 150 80 70
Moldovan 20 0 10
Polish 2,865 1,190 1,675
Romanian 545 220 325
Russian 1,865 710 1,155
Slovak 120 70 50
Ukrainian 4,040 1,885 2,155
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 85 55 25
Southern European origins 5,320 2,500 2,820
Albanian 55 40 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 205 85 120
Cypriot 15 0 0
Greek 320 140 185
Italian 2,830 1,460 1,365
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 20 0 0
Maltese 30 15 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 635 270 365
Serbian 60 20 40
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 70 40 30
Spanish 1,175 420 760
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 135 85 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,535 865 675
Basque 60 50 0
Jewish 1,090 525 560
Roma (Gypsy) 130 110 15
Slavic, n.o.s. 60 50 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 265 170 90
Caribbean origins 690 285 400
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 35 0 0
Bermudan 20 0 15
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 10 0 0
Dominican 20 0 10
Grenadian 45 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 310 145 165
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 120 50 70
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 60 45 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 25 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 955 415 545
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 105 25 80
Argentinian 50 20 35
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 90 60 0
Chilean 55 20 40
Colombian 180 65 125
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 35 20 20
Guatemalan 35 25 0
Guyanese 15 0 0
Hispanic 40 30 10
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 215 125 90
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 25 0 0
Salvadorean 35 20 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 20 0 15
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 85 0 70
African origins 1,195 595 600
Central and West African origins 40 0 40
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 270 120 155
Algerian 10 0 0
Berber 25 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 145 45 95
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 85 50 35
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 450 225 225
Afrikaner 35 30 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 85 55 0
Ethiopian 45 20 25
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 20 15 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 35 0 25
South African 185 70 110
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 25 0 15
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 20 0 0
Other African origins 470 280 185
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 35 0 20
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 430 265 165
Asian origins 8,300 3,785 4,510
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,245 655 590
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 215 85 130
Armenian 55 40 15
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 410 215 200
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 60 40 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 115 75 45
Palestinian 25 0 20
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 85 0 55
Syrian 45 35 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 140 80 60
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 15 15 0
South Asian origins 1,285 625 655
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,050 505 545
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 95 55 40
Punjabi 135 25 110
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 60 25 40
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 55 40 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 5,870 2,565 3,305
Burmese 35 20 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 55 30 30
Chinese 3,320 1,555 1,765
Filipino 1,270 440 830
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 105 50 55
Japanese 630 265 370
Korean 405 220 180
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 65 25 40
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 75 0 60
Thai 90 40 55
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 210 75 130
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 755 300 460
Australian 390 230 165
New Zealander 140 25 110
Pacific Islands origins 230 45 185
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 205 45 160
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 76,025 36,065 39,965
Buddhist 1,235 585 650
Christian 28,270 12,390 15,880
Anglican 5,340 2,275 3,065
Baptist 1,115 495 625
Catholic 9,450 4,265 5,190
Christian Orthodox 535 280 250
Lutheran 990 410 585
Pentecostal 605 290 315
Presbyterian 935 390 540
United Church 3,655 1,420 2,235
Other Christian 5,640 2,565 3,080
Hindu 310 180 135
Jewish 550 260 290
Muslim 860 410 450
Sikh 315 140 180
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 90 15 70
Other religions 1,660 640 1,020
No religious affiliation 42,735 21,440 21,290
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 76,025 36,065 39,960
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,375 1,510 1,860
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,105 980 1,130
Métis single identity 1,150 505 650
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 40 0 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 25 0 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 55 0 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 72,655 34,545 38,105
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 76,025 36,060 39,965
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,425 600 820
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 74,600 35,460 39,140
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 76,025 36,065 39,965
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,490 2,075 2,415
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,330 1,535 1,790
Métis ancestry 1,205 545 660
Inuit ancestry 100 30 70
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 71,540 33,995 37,545
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 14,180 6,455 7,720
Aboriginal languages 85 0 75
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 15 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 70 0 70
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,095 6,450 7,645
Italian 605 230 380
Portuguese 360 190 170
Romanian 60 25 30
Spanish 2,650 1,210 1,445
Dutch 510 195 315
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,810 825 985
Yiddish 20 0 0
Danish 260 125 140
Norwegian 145 110 35
Swedish 75 45 30
Afrikaans 80 45 35
Gaelic languages 80 25 55
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 55 20 35
Croatian 115 50 65
Czech 140 75 65
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 520 225 295
Russian 505 235 270
Serbian 70 40 30
Serbo-Croatian 55 0 40
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 205 110 95
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 65 40 20
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 55 45 10
Estonian 15 0 15
Finnish 50 25 30
Hungarian 185 80 105
Turkish 40 30 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 30 0 20
Amharic 45 20 25
Arabic 450 215 235
Hebrew 115 45 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 75 45 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 25 20 0
Gujarati 30 0 20
Hindi 165 90 70
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 370 185 185
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0
Urdu 60 45 15
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 215 120 95
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 695 350 340
Korean 355 190 160
Cantonese 910 450 460
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 685 320 365
Taiwanese 45 15 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,075 470 600
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 80 35 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 25 0
Vietnamese 175 80 90
Bisayan languages 125 45 80
Ilocano 25 0 25
Malay 100 20 75
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 805 210 595
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 45 20 20
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 55 15 40
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 280 95 185
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 75,285 35,695 39,585
Non-movers 58,055 27,310 30,745
Movers 17,230 8,390 8,840
Non-migrants 10,800 5,415 5,385
Migrants 6,430 2,975 3,450
Internal migrants 5,365 2,500 2,865
Intraprovincial migrants 3,500 1,555 1,940
Interprovincial migrants 1,865 945 925
External migrants 1,065 475 585
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 73,090 34,610 38,480
Non-movers 31,640 14,660 16,975
Movers 41,450 19,950 21,500
Non-migrants 22,900 11,125 11,775
Migrants 18,555 8,830 9,725
Internal migrants 14,950 7,225 7,735
Intraprovincial migrants 8,530 3,990 4,535
Interprovincial migrants 6,430 3,230 3,195
External migrants 3,600 1,605 1,995
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 68,385 32,325 36,055
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,325 3,760 3,570
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,895 8,415 8,480
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,160 20,155 24,005
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,430 3,215 2,210
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,050 5,010 7,040
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,040 1,555 2,475
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 22,645 10,370 12,280
Bachelor's degree 14,205 6,280 7,925
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,440 4,085 4,355
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 47,005 22,895 24,105
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,280 1,895 1,380
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,895 5,530 4,365
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 33,835 15,465 18,365
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,995 2,410 1,585
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,050 3,890 5,155
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,805 1,125 1,680
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,980 8,040 9,945
Bachelor's degree 11,365 4,990 6,380
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,620 3,050 3,570
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 68,385 32,330 36,055
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 24,225 12,175 12,050
Education 3,285 800 2,485
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,115 1,365 1,750
Humanities 3,865 1,835 2,035
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,635 2,710 3,930
Business, management and public administration 8,155 3,035 5,125
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,925 1,090 835
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,985 1,310 675
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 5,870 5,205 660
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 960 540 420
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,260 1,200 5,060
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,095 1,060 1,040
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 68,380 32,330 36,055
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 24,230 12,180 12,050
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 44,160 20,150 24,010
Location of study inside Canada 37,665 16,925 20,740
Same as province or territory of residence 25,820 11,220 14,605
Another province or territory 11,840 5,705 6,140
Location of study outside Canada 6,490 3,230 3,265
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,875 24,370 25,505
Single responses 49,665 24,275 25,390
English 49,290 24,130 25,160
French 180 50 135
Non-official languages 190 95 95
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 20 0
Cantonese 35 20 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 20 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 100 40 60
Multiple responses 205 90 115
English and French 85 40 50
English and non-official language 115 55 65
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,875 24,370 25,505
English 49,295 24,130 25,160
French 180 45 135
Non-official language 190 95 100
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 190 95 95
English and French 90 40 50
English and non-official language 120 55 65
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 68,385 32,330 36,055
In the labour force 47,010 23,210 23,800
Employed 43,560 21,365 22,195
Unemployed 3,450 1,845 1,600
Not in the labour force 21,375 9,120 12,255
Participation rate 68.7 71.8 66.0
Employment rate 63.7 66.1 61.6
Unemployment rate 7.3 7.9 6.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 47,005 23,210 23,795
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 735 410 330
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,275 22,805 23,470
Employee 40,670 19,795 20,880
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,600 3,010 2,590
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 47,005 23,210 23,800
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 735 410 325
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,270 22,805 23,470
0 Management occupations 4,990 2,855 2,135
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,570 2,265 5,305
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,000 3,135 860
3 Health occupations 3,570 865 2,705
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,730 2,380 4,350
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,600 1,485 1,120
6 Sales and service occupations 11,935 5,445 6,490
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,945 3,665 280
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 465 330 140
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 470 385 85
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 47,005 23,210 23,800
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 735 410 330
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,275 22,800 23,470
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 195 130 65
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 120 95 25
22 Utilities 50 45 0
23 Construction 2,530 2,250 285
31-33 Manufacturing 1,215 975 240
41 Wholesale trade 900 650 250
44-45 Retail trade 5,315 2,480 2,835
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,270 930 340
51 Information and cultural industries 1,195 660 540
52 Finance and insurance 1,440 680 760
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,135 590 545
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,950 2,240 1,710
55 Management of companies and enterprises 15 0 10
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,105 1,230 880
61 Educational services 4,285 1,645 2,635
62 Health care and social assistance 6,025 1,425 4,600
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,415 735 680
72 Accommodation and food services 5,175 2,390 2,785
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,935 655 1,280
91 Public administration 6,000 3,005 2,995
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 47,010 23,210 23,795
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,945 895 1,055
Worked in 2010 45,060 22,320 22,740
1 to 13 weeks 2,115 955 1,160
14 to 26 weeks 3,490 1,660 1,825
27 to 39 weeks 3,805 1,860 1,945
40 to 48 weeks 9,565 4,615 4,950
49 to 52 weeks 26,090 13,225 12,865
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.1 44.4 43.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 47,010 23,210 23,800
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,950 895 1,060
Worked in 2010 45,060 22,315 22,745
Worked full-time in 2010 34,345 18,385 15,965
Worked part-time in 2010 10,710 3,935 6,780
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 43,560 21,365 22,200
Worked at home 3,430 1,685 1,745
Worked outside Canada 190 130 60
No fixed workplace address 4,760 3,140 1,625
Worked at usual place 35,185 16,415 18,770
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 39,945 19,555 20,390
Car, truck or van - as a driver 18,655 9,980 8,670
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,385 550 840
Public transit 5,565 2,145 3,420
Walked 9,105 4,000 5,105
Bicycle 4,250 2,300 1,950
Other methods 990 580 415
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 39,945 19,555 20,395
Median commuting duration 15.8 15.8 15.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 39,945 19,555 20,390
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 5,525 3,515 2,010
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 24,765 11,705 13,060
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,660 4,330 5,325
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 42,960 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 39,525 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,430 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 42,955 ... ...
1960 or before 15,100 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,170 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,995 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,140 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,430 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,120 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 42,955 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 25,235 ... ...
5 rooms 6,400 ... ...
6 rooms 4,090 ... ...
7 rooms 2,800 ... ...
8 or more rooms 4,435 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 42,960 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 18,410 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,440 ... ...
3 bedrooms 5,815 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,295 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 42,955 ... ...
Owner 17,485 ... ...
Renter 25,475 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 42,955 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 11,600 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 31,355 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 42,960 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,705 ... ...
2 household maintainers 12,370 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 880 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 42,955 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,320 ... ...
25 to 34 years 9,305 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,285 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,125 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,785 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,370 ... ...
75 years and over 4,765 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 42,955 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 42,270 ... ...
More than one person per room 685 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 42,955 ... ...
Suitable 40,205 ... ...
Not suitable 2,750 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 42,870 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 25,925 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 16,945 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,920 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 17,480 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 25.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,025 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,204 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 456,218 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 508,533 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 25,475 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 49.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 865 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 930 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 68,385 32,330 36,055
Without income 1,590 705 885
With income 66,795 31,620 35,170
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 5,435 2,485 2,945
$5,000 to $9,999 4,100 1,640 2,455
$10,000 to $14,999 6,740 3,085 3,660
$15,000 to $19,999 6,880 2,585 4,295
$20,000 to $29,999 10,095 4,385 5,705
$30,000 to $39,999 9,135 4,355 4,780
$40,000 to $49,999 7,420 3,510 3,905
$50,000 to $59,999 5,215 2,705 2,515
$60,000 to $79,999 6,420 3,525 2,900
$80,000 to $99,999 2,805 1,645 1,155
$100,000 and over 2,555 1,705 850
$100,000 to $124,999 1,290 850 440
$125,000 and over 1,265 860 405
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,177 34,235 27,324
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,718 42,084 33,792
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 68,385 32,330 36,060
Without after-tax income 1,585 705 885
With after-tax income 66,795 31,625 35,175
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 5,565 2,535 3,030
$5,000 to $9,999 4,270 1,695 2,575
$10,000 to $14,999 6,775 3,120 3,655
$15,000 to $19,999 7,415 2,835 4,580
$20,000 to $29,999 11,895 5,195 6,700
$30,000 to $39,999 10,560 5,060 5,500
$40,000 to $49,999 7,505 3,835 3,670
$50,000 to $59,999 5,045 2,650 2,390
$60,000 to $79,999 5,195 2,955 2,240
$80,000 to $99,999 1,325 900 425
$100,000 and over 1,255 860 395
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,878 30,845 25,528
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,699 35,988 29,741
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.3 90.2 86.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.2 73.1 69.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.4 67.8 64.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.8 5.3 4.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.9 5.6 6.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.3 9.8 8.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.7 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.7 9.8 13.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.0 3.4 4.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.2 2.5 4.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.4 1.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.8 0.1 1.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.4 2.4 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 13.3 14.5 12.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 86.7 85.5 88.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.0 1.8 2.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 22,305 11,885 10,415
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 44,778 47,391 42,943
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,160 54,088 47,818
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 18,615 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,929 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,035 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,608 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 69,854 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,010 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,912 ... ...
Average family income ($) 83,853 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,011 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,752 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 4,695 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,271 ... ...
Average family income ($) 100,025 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,970 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 85,668 ... ...
Average family size 3.6 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,195 ... ...
Median family income ($) 36,850 ... ...
Average family income ($) 46,839 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,427 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 42,375 ... ...
Average family size 2.4 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 29,305 13,910 15,395
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,002 29,052 27,482
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,501 36,031 33,119
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,261 26,944 25,636
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,163 31,172 29,250
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 76,025 36,065 39,965
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 42,590 19,535 23,055
In bottom decile 11,595 5,400 6,190
In second decile 9,320 3,905 5,415
In third decile 7,240 3,410 3,830
In fourth decile 7,350 3,365 3,985
In fifth decile 7,090 3,460 3,630
In top half of the Canadian distribution 33,435 16,525 16,910
In sixth decile 6,885 3,310 3,570
In seventh decile 7,055 3,395 3,660
In eighth decile 6,850 3,405 3,450
In ninth decile 6,665 3,275 3,390
In top decile 5,985 3,140 2,835
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 42,955 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,165 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,725 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,135 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,825 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,365 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,540 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,530 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,885 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,895 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,730 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,965 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 42,955 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,680 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,235 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,730 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,285 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,735 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,095 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,865 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,050 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,935 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,150 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,195 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,240 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,950 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 42,955 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 45,827 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 58,648 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 41,337 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 50,844 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 20,975 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,309 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,763 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,651 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,765 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 21,980 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,041 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,583 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,356 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,100 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 76,025 36,060 39,965
Less than 18 years 8,965 4,390 4,575
Less than 6 years 3,395 1,635 1,755
18 to 64 years 55,075 26,555 28,520
65 years and over 11,985 5,120 6,865
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,715 7,080 8,635
Less than 18 years 2,295 1,135 1,155
Less than 6 years 775 355 420
18 to 64 years 11,370 5,165 6,205
65 years and over 2,055 780 1,275
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 20.7 19.6 21.6
Less than 18 years (%) 25.6 25.9 25.2
Less than 6 years (%) 22.8 21.7 23.9
18 to 64 years (%) 20.6 19.5 21.8
65 years and over (%) 17.1 15.2 18.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Victoria, CY, British Columbia (Code 5917034) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Victoria, CY, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Victoria, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Victoria, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 80,017 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 78,057 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 2.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,691 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,957 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,109.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 19.47 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 80,020 37,625 42,390
0 to 4 years 2,820 1,395 1,425
5 to 9 years 2,305 1,160 1,145
10 to 14 years 2,155 1,045 1,115
15 to 19 years 2,735 1,290 1,450
15 years 440 215 225
16 years 480 240 240
17 years 525 240 280
18 years 535 250 285
19 years 755 335 420
20 to 24 years 6,815 3,000 3,815
25 to 29 years 8,720 4,325 4,395
30 to 34 years 7,000 3,620 3,380
35 to 39 years 5,320 2,760 2,565
40 to 44 years 5,075 2,620 2,455
45 to 49 years 5,285 2,660 2,630
50 to 54 years 5,525 2,585 2,935
55 to 59 years 5,825 2,720 3,100
60 to 64 years 5,720 2,615 3,110
65 to 69 years 3,815 1,830 1,985
70 to 74 years 2,650 1,185 1,460
75 to 79 years 2,350 1,000 1,350
80 to 84 years 2,275 840 1,435
85 years and over 3,625 975 2,645
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.9 40.4 43.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 90.9 90.4 91.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 72,735 34,025 38,710
Married or living with a common-law partner 31,200 15,590 15,610
Married (and not separated) 21,880 10,895 10,985
Living common law 9,315 4,690 4,625
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 41,535 18,435 23,100
Single (never legally married) 25,460 13,335 12,125
Separated 2,535 1,075 1,455
Divorced 8,315 3,045 5,270
Widowed 5,230 980 4,250
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 18,370 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,790 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 3,255 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 1,835 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 490 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 18,370 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 14,950 ... ...
Married couples 10,320 ... ...
Without children at home 6,515 ... ...
With children at home 3,800 ... ...
1 child 1,975 ... ...
2 children 1,430 ... ...
3 or more children 390 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,635 ... ...
Without children at home 3,785 ... ...
With children at home 850 ... ...
1 child 525 ... ...
2 children 260 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,420 ... ...
Female parent 2,785 ... ...
1 child 2,005 ... ...
2 children 630 ... ...
3 or more children 145 ... ...
Male parent 635 ... ...
1 child 480 ... ...
2 children 125 ... ...
3 or more children 30 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 11,930 ... ...
Under six years of age 3,280 ... ...
6 to 14 years 3,920 ... ...
15 to 17 years 1,315 ... ...
18 to 24 years 2,030 ... ...
25 years and over 1,380 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.6 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 76,030 35,925 40,105
Number of persons not in census families 30,770 14,270 16,500
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,430 620 805
Living with non-relatives only 8,275 4,350 3,925
Living alone 21,070 9,295 11,770
Number of census family persons 45,255 21,650 23,600
Average number of persons per census family 2.5 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,025 5,065 6,960
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,085 1,850 4,240
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 215 60 160
Living with non-relatives only 265 135 135
Living alone 5,600 1,660 3,940
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 5,940 3,215 2,720
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 42,960 ... ...
Census-family households 18,130 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 16,855 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 13,930 ... ...
Without children 9,655 ... ...
With children 4,275 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,930 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,270 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,035 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 685 ... ...
Without children 410 ... ...
With children 270 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 355 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 235 ... ...
Non-census-family households 24,825 ... ...
One-person households 21,070 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,760 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 42,960 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,760 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 7,180 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 29,015 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,115 ... ...
Row house 2,130 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,855 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 21,825 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 42,960 ... ...
1 person 21,065 ... ...
2 persons 14,895 ... ...
3 persons 3,995 ... ...
4 persons 2,160 ... ...
5 persons 595 ... ...
6 or more persons 245 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 76,025 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 1.8 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 77,230 36,580 40,645
  Single responses  76,145 36,105 40,035
    English  64,550 30,915 33,635
    French  1,515 735 780
    Non-official languages  10,080 4,455 5,620
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,925 4,385 5,540
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  30 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 5
        Albanian  50 30 20
        Amharic  45 25 30
        Arabic  365 205 155
        Armenian  5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 5 15
        Bengali  25 15 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  80 35 45
        Bosnian  10 5 10
        Bulgarian  30 15 15
        Burmese  5 5 5
        Cantonese  680 325 360
        Chinese, n.o.s.  985 455 535
        Creoles  15 10 10
        Croatian  105 50 55
        Czech  95 35 55
        Danish  115 50 65
        Dutch  380 185 195
        Estonian  15 5 15
        Finnish  70 25 50
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  1,030 410 620
        Greek  70 40 30
        Gujarati  30 10 15
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  20 10 5
        Hindi  85 40 40
        Hungarian  205 105 100
        Ilocano  40 10 30
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  220 115 110
        Japanese  400 105 300
        Khmer (Cambodian)  25 15 10
        Korean  360 155 205
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  10 0 5
        Latvian  20 5 10
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  35 10 20
        Malayalam  15 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 5
        Mandarin  435 190 240
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  10 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 10 10
        Norwegian  45 15 30
        Oromo  25 10 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  270 120 145
        Pashto  5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  210 105 105
        Polish  350 145 205
        Portuguese  210 95 110
        Romanian  70 25 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  280 120 160
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  50 25 25
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 10
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Slovak  45 25 20
        Slovenian  15 10 10
        Somali  15 10 5
        Spanish  770 365 405
        Swahili  35 20 10
        Swedish  70 30 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  590 210 380
        Taiwanese  5 5 5
        Tamil  20 5 10
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  75 20 55
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  25 10 15
        Turkish  50 30 20
        Ukrainian  160 55 105
        Urdu  50 30 20
        Vietnamese  165 65 100
        Yiddish  15 10 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 135 60 75
  Multiple responses          1,080 475 610
    English and French  275 120 160
    English and non-official language  710 315 400
    French and non-official language  65 30 30
    English, French and non-official language 35 15 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 77,225 36,580 40,645
  English only 66,745 31,975 34,770
  French only 45 25 25
  English and French 9,760 4,300 5,460
  Neither English nor French 675 280 395
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 77,225 36,585 40,645
  English 74,890 35,515 39,375
  French 1,475 715 755
  English and French 215 80 135
  Neither English nor French 650 270 380
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,580 755 825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.0 2.1 2.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 77,225 36,580 40,645
  Single responses 75,735 35,905 39,830
    English 71,370 33,895 37,475
    French 440 220 220
    Non-official languages 3,920 1,790 2,135
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,890 1,770 2,120
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 35 20 15
        Amharic 15 5 10
        Arabic 230 115 115
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Bengali 15 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 20 10 10
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 10 0 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 420 190 230
        Chinese, n.o.s. 645 305 340
        Creoles 5 0 5
        Croatian 25 10 15
        Czech 15 5 15
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 30 15 15
        Estonian 5 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 115 50 70
        Greek 5 5 5
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 35 15 20
        Hungarian 45 20 25
        Ilocano 10 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 45 20 25
        Japanese 135 45 90
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
        Korean 235 105 135
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 5 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 0 0
        Malayalam 5 5 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 290 145 140
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 90 45 45
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 95 45 50
        Polish 120 55 65
        Portuguese 65 25 40
        Romanian 30 15 15
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 140 65 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 20 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 15 10 5
        Slovenian 5 5 0
        Somali 5 5 5
        Spanish 315 145 170
        Swahili 15 10 5
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 250 100 150
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 0 0
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 30 15 15
        Tibetan languages 5 5 0
        Tigrigna 10 0 0
        Turkish 20 10 10
        Ukrainian 20 5 15
        Urdu 30 15 20
        Vietnamese 100 40 60
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 35 20 10
  Multiple responses         1,495 675 815
    English and French 125 60 65
    English and non-official language 1,310 585 725
    French and non-official language 5 5 0
    English, French and non-official language 50 25 25
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 77,230 36,585 40,645
  None 70,260 33,480 36,785
  Single responses  6,775 3,015 3,760
    English  1,765 800 965
    French  1,065 470 590
    Non-official languages  3,945 1,745 2,205
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 10 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,835 1,695 2,135
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Afrikaans  15 5 15
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  25 10 10
        Arabic  100 65 35
        Armenian  5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 10
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  170 80 90
        Chinese, n.o.s.  190 90 100
        Creoles  15 5 5
        Croatian  40 20 20
        Czech  40 15 20
        Danish  50 25 25
        Dutch  125 55 70
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  30 5 25
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  445 190 255
        Greek  35 20 15
        Gujarati  10 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  40 15 20
        Hindi  50 25 20
        Hungarian  55 25 30
        Ilocano  10 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  115 55 65
        Japanese  300 130 175
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 0
        Korean  85 40 45
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 5 10
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  140 60 85
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Norwegian  10 5 10
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  125 50 75
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  70 35 35
        Polish  95 30 60
        Portuguese  85 45 40
        Romanian  20 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  95 40 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 10 5
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slovak  15 5 10
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  10 0 5
        Spanish  540 245 290
        Swahili  15 10 10
        Swedish  35 15 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  260 80 175
        Taiwanese  10 0 5
        Tamil  10 5 10
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  40 10 30
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 5
        Turkish  10 10 5
        Ukrainian  25 10 20
        Urdu  25 15 10
        Vietnamese  30 10 20
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 45 55
  Multiple responses          185 90 100
    English and French  10 0 5
    English and non-official language  40 15 20
    French and non-official language  135 70 65
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Victoria, CY, British Columbia (Code 5917034) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Victoria, CY, British Columbia

  • Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

Download current census table

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Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Victoria, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Victoria, CY, British Columbia (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Victoria, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

2011 Census