NHS Profile, North Vancouver, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, North Vancouver, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North Vancouver
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 125,995 60,955 65,040
Canadian citizens 113,965 55,415 58,545
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,320 12,095 11,220
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 90,645 43,320 47,325
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 12,040 5,540 6,495
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 126,000 60,960 65,040
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 83,980 41,600 42,385
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 39,655 18,315 21,335
Before 1971 7,240 3,410 3,835
1971 to 1980 5,450 2,505 2,945
1981 to 1990 4,595 2,110 2,485
1991 to 2000 9,965 4,445 5,520
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 12,400 5,845 6,550
2001 to 2005 5,610 2,490 3,125
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,790 3,360 3,430
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,370 1,045 1,325
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 39,650 18,315 21,340
Under 5 years 3,705 1,800 1,910
5 to 14 years 6,650 3,280 3,365
15 to 24 years 7,620 3,500 4,125
25 to 44 years 17,905 7,900 10,005
45 years and over 3,770 1,835 1,930
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 125,995 60,955 65,045
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 83,980 41,600 42,380
Born in province of residence 58,740 29,820 28,920
Born outside province of residence 25,235 11,780 13,465
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 39,650 18,315 21,335
Americas 3,775 1,655 2,115
United States 1,840 720 1,120
Jamaica 115 35 75
Guyana 40 15 25
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 520 295 225
Trinidad and Tobago 105 35 70
Colombia 225 100 120
El Salvador 35 20 10
Peru 150 90 60
Chile 100 45 55
Other places of birth in Americas 645 295 355
Europe 13,580 6,660 6,915
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 6,390 3,245 3,145
Italy 535 310 225
Germany 1,155 540 615
Poland 760 280 475
Portugal 190 70 120
Netherlands 365 160 205
France 265 150 110
Romania 320 165 160
Russian Federation 335 125 210
Greece 195 85 105
Ukraine 125 45 80
Croatia 165 80 85
Hungary 175 75 95
Bosnia and Herzegovina 170 70 100
Serbia 145 80 70
Ireland, Republic of 240 160 80
Other places of birth in Europe 2,070 1,040 1,030
Africa 2,735 1,220 1,515
Morocco 65 0 20
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 115 90 25
South Africa, Republic of 1,390 620 770
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 325 145 180
Other places of birth in Africa 820 325 500
Asia 18,705 8,335 10,370
India 885 415 470
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,655 635 1,015
Philippines 3,670 1,380 2,290
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,320 660 660
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 130 40 90
Pakistan 160 80 80
Sri Lanka 75 45 30
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 6,030 3,060 2,970
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,025 870 1,155
Lebanon 105 50 50
Taiwan 525 205 320
Iraq 75 40 35
Bangladesh 10 0 0
Afghanistan 25 15 0
Japan 910 310 600
Turkey 135 90 45
Other places of birth in Asia 985 435 550
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 860 440 420
Fiji 170 60 110
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 695 380 310
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,370 1,045 1,325
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 6,790 3,360 3,430
Americas 560 245 310
United States 280 115 165
Mexico 110 60 50
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 10
Brazil 80 20 60
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 20 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 50 35 15
Europe 1,400 775 625
France 80 40 45
Germany 60 0 45
Poland 30 0 0
Romania 95 50 40
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 75 35 40
Ukraine 25 0 15
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 740 460 275
Other places of birth in Europe 295 155 135
Africa 290 135 160
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 190 80 110
Other places of birth in Africa 65 25 35
Asia 4,365 2,065 2,305
Philippines 1,385 635 740
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 360 160 195
India 160 80 75
Pakistan 40 0 25
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,255 640 615
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 610 295 315
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 110 30 80
Afghanistan 15 0 0
Japan 145 55 85
Turkey 40 35 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 50 20 30
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 130 55 75
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 175 140 35
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 126,000 60,955 65,040
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 42,645 19,685 22,960
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 30,780 15,075 15,700
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 52,570 26,195 26,375
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 126,000 60,955 65,040
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 29,720 13,740 15,985
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,530 1,640 1,890
Chinese 6,220 2,835 3,380
Black 615 350 265
Filipino 4,870 1,970 2,895
Latin American 1,325 685 640
Arab 345 185 165
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 545 225 320
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 6,380 3,230 3,150
Korean 2,820 1,205 1,615
Japanese 1,940 825 1,110
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 185 95 90
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 950 490 465
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 96,275 47,220 49,055
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 126,000 60,960 65,040
North American Aboriginal origins 3,670 1,735 1,935
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,855 1,380 1,470
Inuit 35 0 0
Métis 820 340 475
Other North American origins 25,980 12,800 13,180
Acadian 120 65 60
American 2,630 1,185 1,440
Canadian 24,110 11,945 12,170
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 45 20 25
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 15 0 15
European origins 90,110 43,980 46,130
British Isles origins 64,705 32,010 32,695
Channel Islander 25 10 15
Cornish 50 35 15
English 41,805 20,645 21,150
Irish 21,950 10,400 11,550
Manx 55 40 20
Scottish 29,910 14,910 15,005
Welsh 3,640 1,765 1,875
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 4,615 2,130 2,485
French origins 10,145 4,755 5,390
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 10,140 4,755 5,385
Western European origins (except French origins) 21,495 10,305 11,190
Austrian 1,855 900 955
Belgian 580 315 260
Dutch 4,555 2,120 2,435
Flemish 65 20 45
Frisian 25 10 0
German 14,800 7,090 7,705
Luxembourger 15 0 0
Swiss 1,305 650 650
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 35 0 25
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 9,975 4,805 5,175
Danish 2,150 1,045 1,105
Finnish 1,055 565 495
Icelandic 770 380 395
Norwegian 3,525 1,595 1,925
Swedish 3,090 1,500 1,585
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 300 160 145
Eastern European origins 15,685 7,615 8,065
Bulgarian 240 85 155
Byelorussian 90 40 55
Czech 1,045 525 510
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 165 75 90
Estonian 210 90 115
Hungarian 1,670 765 905
Latvian 220 120 100
Lithuanian 170 90 80
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 4,915 2,430 2,490
Romanian 920 440 485
Russian 2,680 1,285 1,400
Slovak 720 325 400
Ukrainian 5,250 2,565 2,680
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 90 50 45
Southern European origins 11,320 5,445 5,875
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 180 65 115
Croatian 685 315 365
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 960 490 470
Italian 5,890 2,960 2,930
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 40 20 20
Maltese 100 55 40
Montenegrin 20 0 0
Portuguese 875 340 530
Serbian 320 145 175
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 170 75 90
Spanish 2,625 1,195 1,435
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 220 125 90
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,595 865 735
Basque 50 0 35
Jewish 1,100 645 455
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 420 190 230
Caribbean origins 740 335 405
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 55 30 20
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 20 0 0
Cuban 55 25 25
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 375 160 215
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 15 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 95 50 45
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 30 10 20
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 80 35 50
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,305 1,160 1,140
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 175 105 65
Argentinian 105 55 50
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 135 50 85
Chilean 290 150 140
Colombian 335 165 170
Costa Rican 50 20 35
Ecuadorian 30 0 0
Guatemalan 130 60 70
Guyanese 45 15 25
Hispanic 50 45 0
Honduran 15 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 840 415 425
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 135 60 70
Salvadorean 55 25 25
Uruguayan 20 15 0
Venezuelan 65 30 35
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 15 10 0
African origins 1,955 1,005 955
Central and West African origins 30 0 25
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 25 0 15
North African origins 275 130 145
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 15 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 205 100 110
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 35 0 30
Sudanese 30 15 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,150 560 590
Afrikaner 80 35 45
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 45 20 20
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 35 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 825 435 390
Tanzanian 40 0 35
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 45 0 35
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 80 50 35
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 25 15 0
Other African origins 505 310 190
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 30 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 475 305 175
Asian origins 29,525 13,625 15,900
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 8,725 4,430 4,295
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 115 70 45
Armenian 320 140 175
Assyrian 40 20 20
Azerbaijani 20 15 0
Georgian 30 0 20
Iranian 7,375 3,735 3,645
Iraqi 75 30 45
Israeli 15 0 0
Jordanian 35 20 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 95 45 50
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 380 200 185
Palestinian 85 45 35
Pashtun 10 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 125 60 70
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 325 165 160
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 60 35 25
South Asian origins 3,920 1,940 1,980
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,495 1,675 1,820
Goan 15 0 0
Gujarati 15 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 345 190 160
Punjabi 70 35 30
Sinhalese 15 0 0
Sri Lankan 160 100 55
Tamil 20 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 55 0 40
East and Southeast Asian origins 17,380 7,550 9,835
Burmese 40 25 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 7,115 3,180 3,935
Filipino 5,265 2,225 3,040
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 145 35 110
Japanese 2,160 925 1,235
Korean 2,870 1,230 1,640
Laotian 15 0 10
Malaysian 185 100 90
Mongolian 50 0 45
Singaporean 20 0 0
Taiwanese 200 85 110
Thai 65 30 40
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 195 55 135
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 65 35 35
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 70 35 35
Oceania origins 1,190 635 560
Australian 665 340 320
New Zealander 280 170 105
Pacific Islands origins 255 130 125
Fijian 70 30 40
Hawaiian 100 55 40
Maori 35 20 10
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 55 25 25
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 125,995 60,960 65,040
Buddhist 1,145 440 705
Christian 59,900 26,545 33,350
Anglican 9,040 3,925 5,115
Baptist 1,770 775 990
Catholic 22,675 10,180 12,495
Christian Orthodox 1,585 785 795
Lutheran 2,165 940 1,220
Pentecostal 880 390 495
Presbyterian 1,810 795 1,020
United Church 9,060 3,655 5,400
Other Christian 10,920 5,095 5,820
Hindu 450 210 240
Jewish 795 400 390
Muslim 6,220 2,945 3,280
Sikh 780 380 400
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 105 60 45
Other religions 1,885 780 1,110
No religious affiliation 54,720 29,200 25,520
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 125,995 60,955 65,040
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,895 1,460 1,430
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,155 1,120 1,035
Métis single identity 660 285 375
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 30 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 40 25 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 123,105 59,495 63,610
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 125,995 60,955 65,040
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,665 935 735
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 124,335 60,025 64,310
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 125,995 60,955 65,040
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,670 1,735 1,940
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,855 1,380 1,475
Métis ancestry 820 345 475
Inuit ancestry 35 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 122,330 59,220 63,105
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 38,050 17,625 20,425
Aboriginal languages 80 35 45
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 70 30 40
Non-Aboriginal languages 37,975 17,590 20,385
Italian 1,425 735 690
Portuguese 515 185 330
Romanian 360 190 170
Spanish 4,130 2,020 2,105
Dutch 530 260 275
Flemish 30 0 0
German 3,655 1,815 1,840
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 235 145 95
Norwegian 155 105 55
Swedish 360 185 180
Afrikaans 840 355 485
Gaelic languages 45 15 25
Bosnian 110 40 65
Bulgarian 185 75 110
Croatian 260 110 150
Czech 570 250 315
Macedonian 20 0 0
Polish 980 465 515
Russian 735 340 395
Serbian 220 105 115
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15
Slovak 460 205 255
Slovenian 25 0 0
Ukrainian 195 115 85
Latvian 55 0 40
Lithuanian 35 25 0
Greek 330 185 140
Armenian 135 65 75
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 45 15 25
Finnish 75 35 40
Hungarian 350 170 185
Turkish 395 230 160
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 535 315 220
Hebrew 95 50 50
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 830 365 470
Hindi 810 405 410
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 20 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 700 320 380
Sindhi 280 120 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20
Urdu 260 130 135
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 120 75 45
Pashto 20 15 0
Persian (Farsi) 6,860 3,430 3,430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 55 30 25
Tamil 100 50 50
Telugu 20 0 0
Japanese 1,660 750 905
Korean 2,655 1,110 1,545
Cantonese 1,885 920 965
Fukien 45 25 20
Hakka 10 0 0
Mandarin 1,585 710 875
Taiwanese 110 45 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,430 645 785
Lao 15 0 15
Thai 65 0 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 125 50 70
Bisayan languages 125 45 80
Ilocano 280 90 190
Malay 175 65 105
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 3,795 1,370 2,425
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 165 105 65
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 15 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 515 220 290
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 124,845 60,295 64,550
Non-movers 108,865 52,640 56,225
Movers 15,980 7,660 8,320
Non-migrants 9,570 4,385 5,185
Migrants 6,410 3,270 3,135
Internal migrants 4,570 2,310 2,260
Intraprovincial migrants 3,575 1,840 1,740
Interprovincial migrants 995 475 525
External migrants 1,835 960 875
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 119,835 57,805 62,040
Non-movers 74,025 35,540 38,490
Movers 45,810 22,270 23,545
Non-migrants 25,755 12,445 13,305
Migrants 20,055 9,820 10,235
Internal migrants 12,195 5,930 6,260
Intraprovincial migrants 9,570 4,675 4,895
Interprovincial migrants 2,620 1,255 1,365
External migrants 7,860 3,890 3,975
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 105,770 50,440 55,325
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,620 5,310 5,310
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 24,790 11,325 13,465
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 70,360 33,810 36,555
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,195 5,290 2,910
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 19,240 8,395 10,845
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,545 3,050 4,495
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 35,380 17,070 18,310
Bachelor's degree 22,090 10,155 11,940
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 13,295 6,920 6,370
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 71,675 33,955 37,725
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,720 1,495 1,225
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,355 6,120 7,240
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 55,605 26,340 29,265
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,710 3,690 2,020
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,705 6,545 8,165
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,505 2,230 3,270
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 29,680 13,870 15,805
Bachelor's degree 18,595 8,380 10,210
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,090 5,490 5,600
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 105,770 50,445 55,325
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 35,410 16,635 18,775
Education 5,640 1,275 4,370
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,995 1,730 2,265
Humanities 4,500 1,505 2,995
Social and behavioural sciences and law 8,940 3,365 5,575
Business, management and public administration 16,100 7,570 8,530
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,010 1,590 1,420
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,290 1,420 870
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 12,250 11,065 1,180
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,300 850 450
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 9,585 2,070 7,520
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,740 1,360 1,380
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 105,770 50,440 55,330
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 35,410 16,635 18,775
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 70,360 33,805 36,555
Location of study inside Canada 51,470 24,685 26,790
Same as province or territory of residence 40,225 19,155 21,065
Another province or territory 11,250 5,530 5,720
Location of study outside Canada 18,890 9,120 9,770
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 78,615 39,665 38,950
Single responses 78,005 39,400 38,600
English 76,660 38,850 37,810
French 295 95 205
Non-official languages 1,045 460 585
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 60 95
Cantonese 70 25 50
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 180 60 120
Spanish 65 40 25
Korean 210 135 80
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 340 135 210
Multiple responses 615 265 350
English and French 105 30 70
English and non-official language 505 235 270
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 78,615 39,665 38,950
English 76,655 38,845 37,810
French 300 95 205
Non-official language 1,045 455 585
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,045 460 585
English and French 105 30 75
English and non-official language 505 230 270
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 105,770 50,445 55,325
In the labour force 72,890 37,020 35,875
Employed 68,520 34,670 33,850
Unemployed 4,365 2,345 2,020
Not in the labour force 32,885 13,425 19,455
Participation rate 68.9 73.4 64.8
Employment rate 64.8 68.7 61.2
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.3 5.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 72,885 37,020 35,870
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,060 475 590
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 71,830 36,550 35,280
Employee 60,560 29,305 31,255
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 11,265 7,240 4,030
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 72,890 37,020 35,870
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,060 470 590
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 71,830 36,545 35,280
0 Management occupations 10,345 6,745 3,600
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 13,190 3,995 9,195
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,085 4,940 1,145
3 Health occupations 4,515 1,005 3,505
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,030 3,330 6,700
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,525 1,755 1,770
6 Sales and service occupations 16,020 7,295 8,730
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 6,330 6,020 310
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,075 930 140
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 715 530 180
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 72,890 37,015 35,870
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,060 470 590
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 71,830 36,545 35,285
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 170 140 30
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 535 455 80
22 Utilities 515 360 155
23 Construction 4,600 4,115 485
31-33 Manufacturing 2,630 1,880 750
41 Wholesale trade 2,660 1,850 810
44-45 Retail trade 7,965 3,925 4,040
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,235 1,610 630
51 Information and cultural industries 2,945 1,665 1,285
52 Finance and insurance 4,390 1,850 2,535
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,180 1,215 970
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 9,865 5,690 4,175
55 Management of companies and enterprises 105 45 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,440 2,035 1,400
61 Educational services 5,900 1,810 4,095
62 Health care and social assistance 7,500 1,325 6,175
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,180 1,185 995
72 Accommodation and food services 4,530 2,110 2,415
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,740 1,430 2,310
91 Public administration 3,745 1,860 1,890
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 72,890 37,015 35,870
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,125 1,385 1,740
Worked in 2010 69,765 35,630 34,130
1 to 13 weeks 3,690 1,855 1,840
14 to 26 weeks 5,650 2,650 3,005
27 to 39 weeks 4,325 1,870 2,455
40 to 48 weeks 14,370 7,155 7,220
49 to 52 weeks 41,720 22,105 19,615
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.2 44.7 43.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 72,890 37,020 35,870
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,120 1,385 1,735
Worked in 2010 69,765 35,630 34,135
Worked full-time in 2010 52,545 29,880 22,665
Worked part-time in 2010 17,220 5,750 11,465
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 68,520 34,675 33,845
Worked at home 6,305 3,120 3,185
Worked outside Canada 345 250 95
No fixed workplace address 8,145 5,660 2,490
Worked at usual place 53,730 25,650 28,080
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 61,875 31,305 30,565
Car, truck or van - as a driver 41,405 22,180 19,225
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,875 1,055 1,820
Public transit 11,070 4,820 6,255
Walked 4,245 1,800 2,445
Bicycle 1,320 940 370
Other methods 965 515 450
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 61,875 31,305 30,570
Median commuting duration 20.7 25.0 20.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 61,875 31,305 30,570
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 10,590 7,020 3,565
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 39,455 18,985 20,465
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,830 5,295 6,540
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 51,070 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 47,395 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,675 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 51,070 ... ...
1960 or before 11,570 ... ...
1961 to 1980 19,240 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,540 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,305 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,575 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,835 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 51,070 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 17,610 ... ...
5 rooms 6,690 ... ...
6 rooms 5,660 ... ...
7 rooms 4,590 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,515 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 51,070 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 11,080 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,650 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,645 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 14,690 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 51,065 ... ...
Owner 35,465 ... ...
Renter 15,495 ... ...
Band housing 110 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 51,070 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 15,910 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 35,150 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 51,065 ... ...
1 household maintainer 30,175 ... ...
2 household maintainers 19,625 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,260 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 51,070 ... ...
Under 25 years 990 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,610 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,670 ... ...
45 to 54 years 12,630 ... ...
55 to 64 years 10,175 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,300 ... ...
75 years and over 5,685 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 51,065 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 49,860 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,205 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 51,065 ... ...
Suitable 47,555 ... ...
Not suitable 3,505 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 49,955 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 34,840 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 15,115 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 12,255 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 34,840 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 25.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,211 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,564 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 800,389 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 794,814 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 15,300 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,047 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,174 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 105,770 50,445 55,325
Without income 5,180 2,535 2,645
With income 100,590 47,910 52,680
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,775 4,930 5,845
$5,000 to $9,999 6,475 2,460 4,020
$10,000 to $14,999 7,695 3,320 4,375
$15,000 to $19,999 7,695 2,735 4,960
$20,000 to $29,999 11,020 4,405 6,615
$30,000 to $39,999 10,555 4,405 6,150
$40,000 to $49,999 10,145 4,385 5,760
$50,000 to $59,999 7,850 3,520 4,330
$60,000 to $79,999 11,245 6,125 5,125
$80,000 to $99,999 6,705 4,050 2,655
$100,000 and over 10,420 7,575 2,850
$100,000 to $124,999 4,265 2,785 1,480
$125,000 and over 6,160 4,790 1,365
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,110 43,418 30,706
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 50,658 63,454 39,022
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 105,770 50,440 55,325
Without after-tax income 5,195 2,535 2,665
With after-tax income 100,575 47,910 52,665
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,930 5,005 5,930
$5,000 to $9,999 6,750 2,490 4,255
$10,000 to $14,999 7,830 3,350 4,485
$15,000 to $19,999 8,200 2,975 5,220
$20,000 to $29,999 12,755 5,325 7,425
$30,000 to $39,999 13,120 5,450 7,675
$40,000 to $49,999 11,195 4,940 6,255
$50,000 to $59,999 8,445 4,630 3,815
$60,000 to $79,999 10,550 6,015 4,530
$80,000 to $99,999 5,265 3,360 1,900
$100,000 and over 5,535 4,355 1,175
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,845 38,883 28,750
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 41,929 50,970 33,704
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 92.2 94.6 88.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.3 80.8 72.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.0 73.3 67.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 6.3 7.5 4.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 7.2 6.4 8.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.1 6.1 6.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.3 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 7.8 5.4 11.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.2 3.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.3 1.6 3.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.9 0.6 1.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.9 0.0 2.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.1 0.9 1.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.2 19.7 13.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.8 80.3 86.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.6 3.8 3.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 35,785 20,100 15,690
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,864 64,873 50,616
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 73,975 86,136 58,396
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 35,480 ... ...
Median family income ($) 94,793 ... ...
Average family income ($) 119,327 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,468 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 98,196 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 12,190 ... ...
Median family income ($) 85,337 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,519 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 75,169 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,664 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 17,225 ... ...
Median family income ($) 118,665 ... ...
Average family income ($) 146,853 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 100,851 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 119,087 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,115 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,172 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,693 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,410 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 57,079 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 19,300 8,605 10,700
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,073 39,741 34,026
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,648 50,240 40,151
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,528 34,719 31,102
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,966 41,727 34,943
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 126,000 60,960 65,040
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 46,765 21,515 25,250
In bottom decile 11,195 5,570 5,620
In second decile 9,540 3,890 5,655
In third decile 8,015 3,600 4,420
In fourth decile 8,165 3,805 4,360
In fifth decile 9,845 4,650 5,195
In top half of the Canadian distribution 79,235 39,440 39,790
In sixth decile 10,590 5,020 5,570
In seventh decile 12,740 6,265 6,475
In eighth decile 13,980 7,100 6,880
In ninth decile 17,150 8,535 8,620
In top decile 24,770 12,520 12,250
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 51,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,355 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 815 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,240 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,165 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,445 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,820 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,995 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,655 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,735 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,345 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,510 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,770 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,220 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 51,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,370 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,245 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,250 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,950 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,685 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,555 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,195 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,660 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,970 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,345 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,355 ... ...
$125,000 and over 8,990 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 51,065 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 74,959 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 99,788 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,757 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 82,580 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 14,160 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,795 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,263 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 35,462 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,857 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 36,905 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 95,362 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 119,557 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 82,681 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 98,589 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 123,820 59,890 63,925
Less than 18 years 25,055 13,150 11,900
Less than 6 years 7,375 3,775 3,600
18 to 64 years 81,200 38,895 42,305
65 years and over 17,570 7,845 9,725
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,580 7,285 8,290
Less than 18 years 3,535 1,970 1,565
Less than 6 years 870 510 360
18 to 64 years 10,035 4,620 5,415
65 years and over 2,010 690 1,310
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.6 12.2 13.0
Less than 18 years (%) 14.1 15.0 13.2
Less than 6 years (%) 11.8 13.5 10.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.9 12.8
65 years and over (%) 11.4 8.8 13.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. North Vancouver, British Columbia (Code 59019) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

North Vancouver, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, North Vancouver, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North Vancouver
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 127,330 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 122,371 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 4.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 53,589 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 51,069 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 309.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 411.56 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 127,330 61,255 66,070
0 to 4 years 6,125 3,130 3,000
5 to 9 years 6,630 3,315 3,315
10 to 14 years 7,520 3,960 3,565
15 to 19 years 8,435 4,350 4,080
15 years 1,650 870 780
16 years 1,650 865 780
17 years 1,655 870 780
18 years 1,730 895 835
19 years 1,750 855 900
20 to 24 years 7,830 4,015 3,810
25 to 29 years 7,000 3,490 3,510
30 to 34 years 7,020 3,340 3,685
35 to 39 years 8,330 3,850 4,475
40 to 44 years 10,125 4,695 5,430
45 to 49 years 11,130 5,120 6,000
50 to 54 years 11,325 5,440 5,890
55 to 59 years 9,270 4,560 4,710
60 to 64 years 7,765 3,700 4,070
65 to 69 years 5,805 2,790 3,005
70 to 74 years 4,215 1,915 2,300
75 to 79 years 3,505 1,545 1,960
80 to 84 years 2,700 1,145 1,555
85 years and over 2,615 900 1,715
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.4 41.3 43.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.1 83.0 85.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 107,055 50,860 56,190
Married or living with a common-law partner 61,835 30,665 31,165
Married (and not separated) 53,880 26,685 27,195
Living common law 7,950 3,980 3,970
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 45,220 20,190 25,025
Single (never legally married) 29,700 15,640 14,060
Separated 2,720 1,060 1,660
Divorced 7,400 2,455 4,945
Widowed 5,410 1,040 4,370
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 35,765 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 16,635 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,140 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,645 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,345 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 35,770 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 30,225 ... ...
Married couples 26,250 ... ...
Without children at home 10,370 ... ...
With children at home 15,880 ... ...
1 child 5,885 ... ...
2 children 7,830 ... ...
3 or more children 2,165 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,975 ... ...
Without children at home 2,765 ... ...
With children at home 1,210 ... ...
1 child 655 ... ...
2 children 430 ... ...
3 or more children 125 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,545 ... ...
Female parent 4,445 ... ...
1 child 2,775 ... ...
2 children 1,300 ... ...
3 or more children 370 ... ...
Male parent 1,100 ... ...
1 child 725 ... ...
2 children 305 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 38,455 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,360 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,820 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,825 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,895 ... ...
25 years and over 4,555 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 125,975 60,775 65,200
Number of persons not in census families 21,530 9,365 12,160
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,345 880 1,470
Living with non-relatives only 4,950 2,565 2,385
Living alone 14,230 5,925 8,310
Number of census family persons 104,450 51,410 53,040
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 17,800 8,005 9,790
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,170 1,650 4,525
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 805 160 650
Living with non-relatives only 405 165 235
Living alone 4,960 1,325 3,635
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 11,625 6,360 5,265
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 51,070 ... ...
Census-family households 34,865 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 31,645 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 27,055 ... ...
Without children 11,795 ... ...
With children 15,255 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,595 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,220 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,355 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,765 ... ...
Without children 555 ... ...
With children 1,210 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 590 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 865 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,200 ... ...
One-person households 14,230 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,965 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 51,070 ... ...
Single-detached house 19,475 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 5,730 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 40 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 25,830 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,220 ... ...
Row house 4,600 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,815 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 13,130 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 51,070 ... ...
1 person 14,235 ... ...
2 persons 16,305 ... ...
3 persons 8,230 ... ...
4 persons 8,575 ... ...
5 persons 2,700 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,035 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 125,980 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,230 60,860 65,375
  Single responses  123,850 59,785 64,065
    English  91,335 45,100 46,240
    French  1,700 765 930
    Non-official languages  30,810 13,915 16,895
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 10 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 30,560 13,785 16,775
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  210 105 110
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  25 10 15
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  295 165 135
        Armenian  175 85 90
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
        Bengali  20 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  120 45 75
        Bosnian  55 30 25
        Bulgarian  165 80 85
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  1,475 650 830
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,390 610 780
        Creoles  15 5 10
        Croatian  230 115 120
        Czech  430 195 240
        Danish  200 100 100
        Dutch  500 230 275
        Estonian  75 30 40
        Finnish  120 40 75
        Flemish  20 5 15
        Fukien  45 25 25
        German  2,275 1,060 1,220
        Greek  250 125 130
        Gujarati  460 205 260
        Hakka  15 10 10
        Hebrew  80 50 35
        Hindi  180 90 90
        Hungarian  375 175 200
        Ilocano  210 85 125
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  880 435 445
        Japanese  1,050 350 695
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 0 5
        Korean  2,680 1,175 1,500
        Kurdish  110 60 50
        Lao  15 0 10
        Latvian  35 15 15
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  80 35 45
        Malayalam  20 10 10
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  1,095 500 595
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Norwegian  100 50 55
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  605 285 320
        Pashto  15 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  6,180 3,065 3,105
        Polish  875 385 490
        Portuguese  335 150 180
        Romanian  310 140 170
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  730 300 430
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Serbian  165 85 80
        Serbo-Croatian  70 30 40
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Sindhi  145 60 85
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 10 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Slovak  395 170 225
        Slovenian  40 20 25
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  1,815 825 985
        Swahili  25 10 15
        Swedish  155 70 90
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,245 780 1,460
        Taiwanese  100 50 50
        Tamil  50 25 25
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  60 20 45
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 10 10
        Turkish  230 120 110
        Ukrainian  185 75 105
        Urdu  95 45 45
        Vietnamese  65 20 45
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 235 120 110
  Multiple responses          2,385 1,075 1,305
    English and French  355 160 200
    English and non-official language  1,790 815 980
    French and non-official language  155 70 85
    English, French and non-official language 75 30 45
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,235 60,855 65,370
  English only 111,280 54,575 56,705
  French only 80 35 50
  English and French 13,210 5,625 7,585
  Neither English nor French 1,665 625 1,035
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,230 60,860 65,375
  English 122,025 59,100 62,925
  French 1,765 790 970
  English and French 825 360 460
  Neither English nor French 1,620 610 1,010
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,175 970 1,205
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.6 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,235 60,860 65,370
  Single responses 121,510 58,750 62,755
    English 105,385 51,285 54,105
    French 705 305 400
    Non-official languages 15,420 7,165 8,255
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,360 7,135 8,225
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 95 40 50
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 10 0 10
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 90 50 40
        Armenian 105 45 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 30 15 15
        Bosnian 40 20 15
        Bulgarian 100 50 50
        Burmese 5 0 0
        Cantonese 940 430 510
        Chinese, n.o.s. 755 340 410
        Creoles 5 0 5
        Croatian 75 35 40
        Czech 110 60 50
        Danish 20 5 10
        Dutch 50 25 30
        Estonian 15 5 5
        Finnish 15 5 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 5 0
        German 280 135 145
        Greek 85 40 45
        Gujarati 190 80 110
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 20 10 10
        Hindi 65 35 35
        Hungarian 110 50 60
        Ilocano 65 30 40
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 180 70 110
        Japanese 585 250 330
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 2,220 980 1,240
        Kurdish 80 35 35
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 5 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 20 10 10
        Malayalam 10 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 770 370 395
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 10 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 10 5 5
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 310 140 170
        Pashto 10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 4,355 2,130 2,225
        Polish 340 155 185
        Portuguese 115 50 60
        Romanian 160 75 85
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 420 200 220
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 85 40 45
        Serbo-Croatian 25 15 15
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Sindhi 60 25 40
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 185 85 95
        Slovenian 5 5 5
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 900 420 475
        Swahili 10 0 10
        Swedish 20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 910 370 540
        Taiwanese 55 25 30
        Tamil 5 5 5
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 10 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 5 5
        Turkish 90 40 45
        Ukrainian 5 0 5
        Urdu 30 20 15
        Vietnamese 20 5 15
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 60 30 35
  Multiple responses         4,720 2,105 2,615
    English and French 215 90 125
    English and non-official language 4,390 1,970 2,420
    French and non-official language 40 20 25
    English, French and non-official language 70 30 45
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,235 60,860 65,375
  None 107,570 52,380 55,190
  Single responses  18,235 8,300 9,930
    English  7,040 3,335 3,705
    French  1,525 635 890
    Non-official languages  9,670 4,335 5,335
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,565 4,290 5,275
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  130 60 70
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 5
        Arabic  110 50 60
        Armenian  30 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  40 20 20
        Bosnian  25 10 10
        Bulgarian  35 20 20
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  390 185 200
        Chinese, n.o.s.  325 155 170
        Creoles  20 10 10
        Croatian  90 45 45
        Czech  180 70 110
        Danish  75 35 40
        Dutch  155 65 90
        Estonian  25 10 15
        Finnish  50 15 35
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  15 5 10
        German  965 455 505
        Greek  130 70 60
        Gujarati  290 135 155
        Hakka  5 5 5
        Hebrew  40 25 15
        Hindi  140 65 75
        Hungarian  105 50 55
        Ilocano  35 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  380 180 200
        Japanese  440 165 275
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  305 140 160
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  10 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 0 10
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  30 20 15
        Malayalam  10 0 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  320 135 185
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  40 25 20
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  225 100 120
        Pashto  0 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  1,065 550 515
        Polish  285 130 155
        Portuguese  130 55 75
        Romanian  105 45 60
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  195 75 115
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  70 35 35
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 10
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  95 35 55
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  115 50 65
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  870 405 470
        Swahili  15 5 10
        Swedish  90 35 50
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  905 305 605
        Taiwanese  30 15 15
        Tamil  20 10 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  35 15 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 5 5
        Turkish  85 45 40
        Ukrainian  40 15 20
        Urdu  70 35 35
        Vietnamese  20 5 10
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 35 65
  Multiple responses          430 180 250
    English and French  55 30 30
    English and non-official language  150 70 80
    French and non-official language  215 85 130
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. North Vancouver, British Columbia (Code 59019) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: North Vancouver (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: North Vancouver, British Columbia (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: North Vancouver (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), British Columbia

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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