NHS Profile, Richmond Centre, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Richmond Centre, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Centre
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 93,170 44,510 48,660
Canadian citizens 77,220 37,080 40,140
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,505 7,140 6,365
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,715 29,940 33,770
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 15,955 7,435 8,520
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 93,170 44,515 48,660
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 33,765 16,970 16,790
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 57,135 26,490 30,650
Before 1971 4,455 2,255 2,200
1971 to 1980 5,215 2,595 2,615
1981 to 1990 7,220 3,225 3,995
1991 to 2000 21,350 9,730 11,620
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 18,905 8,680 10,220
2001 to 2005 8,595 4,000 4,595
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,310 4,680 5,630
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,265 1,045 1,220
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 57,140 26,495 30,645
Under 5 years 4,445 2,305 2,140
5 to 14 years 9,970 5,370 4,605
15 to 24 years 9,375 4,085 5,285
25 to 44 years 24,895 10,715 14,175
45 years and over 8,455 4,020 4,435
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 93,175 44,515 48,660
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 33,765 16,975 16,790
Born in province of residence 25,040 12,625 12,420
Born outside province of residence 8,720 4,350 4,370
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 57,140 26,495 30,645
Americas 2,175 1,080 1,100
United States 815 435 385
Jamaica 95 50 45
Guyana 20 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 235 135 105
Trinidad and Tobago 150 85 65
Colombia 45 0 35
El Salvador 125 30 90
Peru 225 80 150
Chile 85 40 45
Other places of birth in Americas 385 210 175
Europe 5,060 2,475 2,585
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,535 690 840
Italy 125 100 25
Germany 415 180 230
Poland 135 50 85
Portugal 60 30 30
Netherlands 285 130 155
France 70 50 20
Romania 190 100 85
Russian Federation 450 175 275
Greece 200 95 105
Ukraine 540 265 270
Croatia 155 85 75
Hungary 40 25 15
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 10 20
Serbia 140 70 65
Ireland, Republic of 90 60 30
Other places of birth in Europe 615 350 270
Africa 1,065 515 550
Morocco 70 20 50
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 40 30 0
South Africa, Republic of 210 75 140
Nigeria 30 0 0
Ethiopia 25 0 10
Kenya 260 130 135
Other places of birth in Africa 420 240 185
Asia 48,350 22,160 26,185
India 1,485 720 760
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 19,690 8,885 10,800
Philippines 5,635 2,425 3,215
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 11,970 5,675 6,290
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 445 215 235
Pakistan 250 110 135
Sri Lanka 155 75 75
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 315 130 190
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 420 165 255
Lebanon 50 0 0
Taiwan 4,900 2,325 2,570
Iraq 150 90 65
Bangladesh 30 20 10
Afghanistan 55 25 25
Japan 525 170 360
Turkey 135 85 50
Other places of birth in Asia 2,130 1,020 1,115
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 495 270 230
Fiji 345 175 165
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 150 90 60
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,270 1,045 1,220
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,310 4,680 5,630
Americas 315 175 140
United States 160 85 80
Mexico 55 30 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 20 0 0
Colombia 15 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 55 40 0
Europe 355 145 210
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 25 0 20
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 120 35 85
Ukraine 45 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 60 30 30
Other places of birth in Europe 70 40 30
Africa 90 25 65
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 45 0 35
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 35 0 25
Asia 9,530 4,325 5,200
Philippines 1,595 745 845
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 6,275 2,870 3,405
India 220 85 140
Pakistan 30 0 25
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 75 25 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 60 15 40
Sri Lanka 15 0 0
Iraq 55 40 0
Bangladesh 15 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 425 200 225
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 95 30 65
Turkey 15 0 0
Israel 55 25 25
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 230 105 130
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 25 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 300 115 180
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 10 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 93,170 44,510 48,660
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 59,740 27,735 32,005
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 18,220 9,140 9,080
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 15,210 7,635 7,575
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 93,170 44,515 48,660
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 65,550 30,885 34,660
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 4,380 2,290 2,085
Chinese 47,910 22,605 25,300
Black 625 265 360
Filipino 5,405 2,265 3,140
Latin American 870 365 505
Arab 420 235 190
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,000 480 520
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 505 235 275
Korean 620 285 330
Japanese 1,785 825 960
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 150 90 55
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,875 930 945
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 27,625 13,630 14,000
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 93,170 44,510 48,660
North American Aboriginal origins 1,240 545 695
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,080 450 630
Inuit 15 0 0
Métis 175 95 80
Other North American origins 8,090 4,025 4,065
Acadian 10 0 0
American 800 400 395
Canadian 7,625 3,780 3,840
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 15 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 28,335 13,910 14,425
British Isles origins 16,515 8,115 8,400
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 9,920 4,905 5,015
Irish 5,425 2,450 2,970
Manx 30 15 0
Scottish 7,385 3,700 3,685
Welsh 1,075 510 560
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,035 465 570
French origins 2,640 1,230 1,405
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 2,635 1,230 1,410
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,890 2,805 3,085
Austrian 490 160 330
Belgian 80 45 40
Dutch 1,760 790 975
Flemish 20 0 15
Frisian 15 0 0
German 3,900 1,885 2,015
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 205 125 80
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,340 1,235 1,110
Danish 440 250 190
Finnish 340 190 150
Icelandic 220 125 90
Norwegian 810 405 400
Swedish 665 325 345
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 85 55 30
Eastern European origins 5,755 2,650 3,110
Bulgarian 40 35 0
Byelorussian 45 25 25
Czech 200 110 90
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 95 50 45
Estonian 40 20 20
Hungarian 385 190 190
Latvian 40 30 15
Lithuanian 60 35 20
Moldovan 30 0 0
Polish 1,475 640 835
Romanian 415 170 245
Russian 1,965 885 1,075
Slovak 130 75 55
Ukrainian 2,075 955 1,120
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 90 30 60
Southern European origins 4,580 2,265 2,320
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 25 10 15
Croatian 325 160 165
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 600 265 330
Italian 1,130 585 545
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 15 0 0
Maltese 15 10 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 655 390 270
Serbian 185 80 100
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 45 15 25
Spanish 1,780 845 935
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 145 60 90
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,635 850 785
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 1,570 795 775
Roma (Gypsy) 40 40 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 30 20 10
Caribbean origins 330 170 160
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 20 0 15
Bermudan 10 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 30 0 20
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 100 40 60
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 145 90 50
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 25 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,120 525 590
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 40 20 0
Chilean 90 50 45
Colombian 80 40 35
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 130 60 70
Guyanese 15 0 0
Hispanic 115 60 55
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 290 160 130
Nicaraguan 25 0 20
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 150 45 100
Salvadorean 135 70 60
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 80 0 50
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 50 0 40
African origins 1,000 445 560
Central and West African origins 235 125 105
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 70 45 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 40 0 25
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 60 0 30
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 230 105 125
Algerian 25 0 15
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 70 55 20
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 95 30 60
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 25 0 20
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 25 0 20
Southern and East African origins 330 125 205
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 65 0 40
Ethiopian 30 15 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 45 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 35 20 0
South African 115 40 75
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 215 95 120
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 25 10 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 190 80 110
Asian origins 64,125 30,240 33,890
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,575 785 795
Afghan 65 40 25
Arab, n.o.s. 145 100 50
Armenian 140 50 90
Assyrian 40 25 0
Azerbaijani 25 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 495 210 285
Iraqi 155 90 65
Israeli 75 40 40
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 140 75 65
Palestinian 25 20 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 20 0 0
Syrian 40 25 15
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 185 95 90
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 105 35 70
South Asian origins 4,580 2,390 2,190
Bangladeshi 10 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,995 2,090 1,910
Goan 65 40 25
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 30 0 0
Pakistani 110 55 55
Punjabi 135 75 60
Sinhalese 10 10 0
Sri Lankan 200 95 105
Tamil 60 20 35
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 120 55 65
East and Southeast Asian origins 58,060 27,075 30,985
Burmese 155 60 90
Cambodian (Khmer) 20 0 0
Chinese 48,690 23,020 25,675
Filipino 6,305 2,765 3,540
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 150 45 100
Japanese 2,010 930 1,080
Korean 690 335 355
Laotian 15 0 0
Malaysian 155 90 65
Mongolian 55 30 25
Singaporean 30 25 0
Taiwanese 1,440 665 770
Thai 95 35 60
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 430 185 240
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 65 0 40
Other Asian origins 160 80 80
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 160 85 80
Oceania origins 420 190 230
Australian 50 0 40
New Zealander 190 65 120
Pacific Islands origins 180 115 75
Fijian 155 95 65
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 93,175 44,510 48,660
Buddhist 6,330 2,815 3,515
Christian 35,000 15,485 19,510
Anglican 2,355 1,020 1,335
Baptist 1,780 735 1,045
Catholic 14,530 6,445 8,090
Christian Orthodox 1,115 540 575
Lutheran 780 335 445
Pentecostal 565 230 340
Presbyterian 590 285 305
United Church 2,555 1,125 1,430
Other Christian 10,720 4,775 5,945
Hindu 1,005 495 515
Jewish 1,795 925 875
Muslim 2,190 1,135 1,055
Sikh 1,635 885 755
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 415 175 240
No religious affiliation 44,790 22,590 22,200
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 93,170 44,515 48,660
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 940 415 520
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 745 330 415
Métis single identity 160 80 80
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 92,235 44,095 48,140
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 93,170 44,510 48,660
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 570 270 305
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 92,600 44,245 48,355
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 93,170 44,515 48,660
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,235 540 695
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,080 450 630
Métis ancestry 175 95 80
Inuit ancestry 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 91,930 43,970 47,965
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 64,675 30,075 34,595
Aboriginal languages 90 35 55
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 80 0 50
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,590 30,045 34,540
Italian 375 215 160
Portuguese 205 105 95
Romanian 180 90 90
Spanish 1,985 945 1,040
Dutch 295 135 170
Flemish 0 0 0
German 965 490 475
Yiddish 70 45 25
Danish 50 25 25
Norwegian 45 20 30
Swedish 50 20 30
Afrikaans 135 65 70
Gaelic languages 30 0 0
Bosnian 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 180 90 85
Czech 90 45 45
Macedonian 40 0 0
Polish 200 70 130
Russian 1,400 645 760
Serbian 165 80 90
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 85 45 40
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 290 120 170
Latvian 15 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 380 190 195
Armenian 125 45 80
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 60 40 20
Hungarian 95 60 35
Turkish 240 145 95
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 65 20 45
Arabic 605 310 295
Hebrew 525 255 270
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 0 0
Bengali 45 20 20
Gujarati 615 330 285
Hindi 1,160 625 535
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 60 40 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,530 775 760
Sindhi 150 65 85
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20
Urdu 440 215 220
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 465 190 275
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 35 0 0
Malayalam 145 65 75
Tamil 220 95 125
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 1,545 675 875
Korean 585 275 310
Cantonese 19,945 9,280 10,665
Fukien 485 215 275
Hakka 65 25 40
Mandarin 18,220 8,355 9,865
Taiwanese 970 450 515
Chinese, n.o.s. 12,830 6,095 6,735
Lao 20 0 0
Thai 100 45 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 370 175 195
Bisayan languages 220 85 135
Ilocano 120 15 105
Malay 185 80 105
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 5,385 2,145 3,240
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 135 75 60
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 25 10 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 790 330 460
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 92,470 44,185 48,280
Non-movers 79,070 37,525 41,540
Movers 13,400 6,660 6,740
Non-migrants 7,990 4,015 3,975
Migrants 5,410 2,650 2,765
Internal migrants 2,460 1,210 1,250
Intraprovincial migrants 1,930 970 955
Interprovincial migrants 535 240 295
External migrants 2,950 1,440 1,510
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 89,530 42,690 46,840
Non-movers 50,785 23,985 26,810
Movers 38,740 18,710 20,035
Non-migrants 20,320 9,680 10,640
Migrants 18,425 9,030 9,390
Internal migrants 7,385 3,790 3,595
Intraprovincial migrants 6,000 3,095 2,910
Interprovincial migrants 1,390 700 690
External migrants 11,030 5,240 5,790
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 80,460 37,750 42,710
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,195 5,040 6,150
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,990 9,855 12,135
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 47,285 22,860 24,425
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,400 2,760 1,640
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,170 4,820 6,345
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,345 2,760 3,580
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 25,370 12,515 12,850
Bachelor's degree 17,075 8,105 8,965
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,295 4,410 3,885
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 54,090 24,975 29,110
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,100 1,895 2,205
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,550 5,335 7,215
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 37,435 17,745 19,690
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,980 1,840 1,140
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,480 3,575 4,905
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,890 2,125 2,760
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 21,090 10,200 10,885
Bachelor's degree 13,850 6,515 7,340
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,235 3,690 3,545
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 80,460 37,750 42,710
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 33,175 14,890 18,285
Education 2,650 615 2,035
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,970 800 1,165
Humanities 3,095 1,225 1,870
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,460 2,100 3,365
Business, management and public administration 12,860 5,415 7,440
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,400 1,340 1,060
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,475 1,510 965
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,380 7,205 1,175
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 470 255 220
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,725 1,305 4,415
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,800 1,075 725
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 80,460 37,750 42,710
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 33,180 14,895 18,280
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 47,285 22,860 24,420
Location of study inside Canada 26,340 13,015 13,320
Same as province or territory of residence 21,850 10,615 11,235
Another province or territory 4,485 2,400 2,090
Location of study outside Canada 20,940 9,845 11,100
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 50,765 25,660 25,105
Single responses 48,405 24,605 23,800
English 41,955 21,090 20,855
French 85 30 60
Non-official languages 6,365 3,485 2,885
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,395 1,365 1,030
Cantonese 2,010 1,060 955
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 20 0
Mandarin 1,595 875 720
Spanish 25 0 25
Korean 65 35 30
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 220 115 105
Multiple responses 2,360 1,055 1,305
English and French 75 15 55
English and non-official language 2,270 1,020 1,250
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 50,765 25,660 25,105
English 41,950 21,095 20,855
French 85 30 60
Non-official language 6,370 3,485 2,885
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 6,370 3,485 2,885
English and French 75 20 55
English and non-official language 2,270 1,020 1,250
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 80,460 37,750 42,710
In the labour force 47,475 24,215 23,260
Employed 43,885 22,415 21,465
Unemployed 3,595 1,805 1,790
Not in the labour force 32,980 13,530 19,450
Participation rate 59.0 64.1 54.5
Employment rate 54.5 59.4 50.3
Unemployment rate 7.6 7.5 7.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 47,475 24,220 23,260
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,500 780 720
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,980 23,440 22,540
Employee 39,825 19,645 20,185
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,150 3,795 2,360
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 47,480 24,220 23,255
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,500 780 715
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,975 23,440 22,540
0 Management occupations 5,730 3,465 2,270
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,335 3,275 6,060
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,140 3,220 915
3 Health occupations 2,610 615 1,995
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 4,405 1,630 2,775
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,445 695 750
6 Sales and service occupations 12,875 5,955 6,925
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,815 3,560 265
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 350 285 65
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,275 745 525
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 47,480 24,215 23,260
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,500 780 720
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,980 23,440 22,540
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 200 145 60
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 135 95 35
22 Utilities 245 185 60
23 Construction 1,935 1,635 300
31-33 Manufacturing 2,890 1,785 1,105
41 Wholesale trade 2,690 1,680 1,005
44-45 Retail trade 5,555 2,695 2,865
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,090 1,935 1,155
51 Information and cultural industries 1,410 935 470
52 Finance and insurance 3,270 1,380 1,890
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,460 820 640
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,705 2,645 2,060
55 Management of companies and enterprises 120 45 75
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,145 1,110 1,035
61 Educational services 2,945 1,145 1,800
62 Health care and social assistance 3,940 735 3,195
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 850 460 390
72 Accommodation and food services 4,250 2,015 2,240
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,055 830 1,225
91 Public administration 2,085 1,145 940
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 47,480 24,220 23,260
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,180 1,575 1,600
Worked in 2010 44,300 22,645 21,655
1 to 13 weeks 2,615 1,165 1,455
14 to 26 weeks 3,790 1,660 2,130
27 to 39 weeks 2,925 1,425 1,500
40 to 48 weeks 9,150 4,495 4,660
49 to 52 weeks 25,810 13,895 11,910
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.7 44.5 42.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 47,480 24,220 23,260
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,175 1,575 1,605
Worked in 2010 44,300 22,645 21,660
Worked full-time in 2010 34,000 18,750 15,245
Worked part-time in 2010 10,305 3,890 6,410
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 43,880 22,415 21,465
Worked at home 3,675 1,755 1,920
Worked outside Canada 1,005 725 275
No fixed workplace address 4,400 2,965 1,435
Worked at usual place 34,805 16,965 17,830
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 39,205 19,935 19,270
Car, truck or van - as a driver 27,270 15,165 12,105
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,240 640 1,605
Public transit 7,205 2,775 4,435
Walked 1,480 755 725
Bicycle 530 325 205
Other methods 485 285 200
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 39,200 19,935 19,265
Median commuting duration 20.9 25.0 20.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 39,200 19,935 19,270
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 6,800 4,110 2,690
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 22,770 11,170 11,600
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,630 4,655 4,980
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 33,890 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 31,490 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,400 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 33,890 ... ...
1960 or before 2,035 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,230 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,115 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,825 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,155 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,535 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 33,895 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 11,740 ... ...
5 rooms 5,805 ... ...
6 rooms 4,375 ... ...
7 rooms 3,570 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,410 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 33,895 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,970 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,915 ... ...
3 bedrooms 9,555 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,455 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 33,890 ... ...
Owner 26,260 ... ...
Renter 7,635 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 33,890 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 14,925 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 18,965 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 33,895 ... ...
1 household maintainer 19,455 ... ...
2 household maintainers 12,985 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,450 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 33,890 ... ...
Under 25 years 945 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,085 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,615 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,840 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,935 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,010 ... ...
75 years and over 3,465 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 33,890 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 32,230 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,660 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 33,890 ... ...
Suitable 30,565 ... ...
Not suitable 3,330 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 33,705 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 21,605 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 12,100 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,780 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 26,260 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 52.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 32.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 936 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,266 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 697,099 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 746,280 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 7,630 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 48.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,102 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,134 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 80,460 37,750 42,710
Without income 5,550 2,185 3,365
With income 74,910 35,565 39,345
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 13,675 6,530 7,145
$5,000 to $9,999 5,770 2,140 3,630
$10,000 to $14,999 8,340 3,370 4,975
$15,000 to $19,999 6,830 2,745 4,090
$20,000 to $29,999 8,945 3,840 5,110
$30,000 to $39,999 7,515 3,530 3,985
$40,000 to $49,999 6,650 3,060 3,590
$50,000 to $59,999 4,630 2,425 2,205
$60,000 to $79,999 5,950 3,475 2,470
$80,000 to $99,999 2,900 1,820 1,080
$100,000 and over 3,710 2,640 1,070
$100,000 to $124,999 1,760 1,120 650
$125,000 and over 1,945 1,520 420
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 22,832 27,347 19,683
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,281 40,671 28,505
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 80,465 37,755 42,710
Without after-tax income 5,570 2,190 3,385
With after-tax income 74,890 35,565 39,325
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 13,870 6,610 7,255
$5,000 to $9,999 5,835 2,160 3,675
$10,000 to $14,999 8,425 3,420 5,005
$15,000 to $19,999 7,195 2,890 4,310
$20,000 to $29,999 10,295 4,480 5,815
$30,000 to $39,999 8,725 4,140 4,585
$40,000 to $49,999 7,130 3,455 3,675
$50,000 to $59,999 4,520 2,465 2,055
$60,000 to $79,999 5,005 3,180 1,825
$80,000 to $99,999 1,990 1,285 710
$100,000 and over 1,890 1,475 415
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 21,858 25,846 19,034
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,645 34,415 25,332
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.3 92.2 85.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 75.3 79.0 70.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.5 72.9 67.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.8 6.1 3.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.8 6.0 7.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.5 5.8 5.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.3 2.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.7 7.8 14.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.8 2.5 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.6 2.7 4.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.2 0.9 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 2.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.7 1.7 1.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 13.5 15.4 11.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 86.5 84.6 88.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.6 3.6 3.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 22,475 12,580 9,895
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 47,632 52,945 43,602
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 56,857 64,055 47,709
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,285 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,543 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,477 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,645 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,100 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 7,335 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,611 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,293 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,173 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 69,203 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,970 ... ...
Median family income ($) 78,490 ... ...
Average family income ($) 95,782 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,083 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,870 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,850 ... ...
Median family income ($) 40,316 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,905 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,646 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,800 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 9,555 3,970 5,580
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,978 34,886 26,174
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,354 40,903 33,115
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,013 31,520 24,659
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,249 34,385 29,015
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 93,170 44,510 48,660
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 50,435 23,575 26,860
In bottom decile 15,425 6,985 8,440
In second decile 11,205 5,225 5,975
In third decile 8,085 3,755 4,335
In fourth decile 7,735 3,675 4,060
In fifth decile 7,980 3,935 4,050
In top half of the Canadian distribution 42,735 20,935 21,805
In sixth decile 8,315 3,960 4,355
In seventh decile 7,450 3,715 3,735
In eighth decile 8,420 4,055 4,360
In ninth decile 8,640 4,290 4,350
In top decile 9,920 4,910 5,010
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 33,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,775 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,260 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,665 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,140 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,720 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,620 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,470 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,050 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,740 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,820 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 33,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,855 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 870 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,255 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,735 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,530 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,460 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,215 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,980 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,910 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,510 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,570 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,640 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,925 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 33,890 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 58,794 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 75,769 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,588 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,506 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 6,995 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,808 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,834 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,805 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 34,104 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 26,890 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 68,483 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,122 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 62,657 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,680 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 93,170 44,515 48,660
Less than 18 years 16,235 8,575 7,665
Less than 6 years 4,365 2,240 2,120
18 to 64 years 63,860 29,985 33,870
65 years and over 13,075 5,955 7,125
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 22,410 10,290 12,115
Less than 18 years 4,495 2,360 2,135
Less than 6 years 1,090 535 550
18 to 64 years 15,375 6,840 8,535
65 years and over 2,540 1,095 1,440
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 24.1 23.1 24.9
Less than 18 years (%) 27.7 27.5 27.9
Less than 6 years (%) 25.0 23.9 25.9
18 to 64 years (%) 24.1 22.8 25.2
65 years and over (%) 19.4 18.4 20.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Richmond Centre, British Columbia (Code 59025) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 24, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Richmond Centre, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Richmond Centre, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Centre
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 93,860 44,715 49,145
0 to 4 years 3,745 1,895 1,850
5 to 9 years 4,155 2,160 1,995
10 to 14 years 4,890 2,500 2,385
15 to 19 years 6,250 3,225 3,025
15 years 1,255 660 595
16 years 1,185 645 545
17 years 1,195 585 615
18 years 1,305 670 645
19 years 1,305 675 625
20 to 24 years 7,070 3,685 3,380
25 to 29 years 6,225 3,065 3,160
30 to 34 years 5,015 2,400 2,610
35 to 39 years 5,380 2,350 3,030
40 to 44 years 6,925 3,035 3,890
45 to 49 years 8,310 3,765 4,545
50 to 54 years 8,225 3,785 4,440
55 to 59 years 7,525 3,575 3,950
60 to 64 years 6,475 3,135 3,345
65 to 69 years 4,030 1,905 2,125
70 to 74 years 3,265 1,520 1,745
75 to 79 years 2,645 1,240 1,400
80 to 84 years 1,930 835 1,090
85 years and over 1,810 625 1,190
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.1 41.9 44.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.4 85.3 87.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 81,070 38,155 42,915
Married or living with a common-law partner 48,135 23,730 24,410
Married (and not separated) 45,050 22,185 22,865
Living common law 3,090 1,540 1,545
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 32,940 14,425 18,510
Single (never legally married) 23,255 11,930 11,325
Separated 1,565 555 1,010
Divorced 4,205 1,290 2,915
Widowed 3,920 655 3,260
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,365 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,740 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,605 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,170 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,850 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,370 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 22,990 ... ...
Married couples 21,450 ... ...
Without children at home 7,925 ... ...
With children at home 13,525 ... ...
1 child 6,060 ... ...
2 children 5,730 ... ...
3 or more children 1,730 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,545 ... ...
Without children at home 1,055 ... ...
With children at home 490 ... ...
1 child 260 ... ...
2 children 170 ... ...
3 or more children 60 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,380 ... ...
Female parent 3,655 ... ...
1 child 2,295 ... ...
2 children 1,095 ... ...
3 or more children 265 ... ...
Male parent 720 ... ...
1 child 465 ... ...
2 children 185 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,385 ... ...
Under six years of age 4,465 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,235 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,525 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,990 ... ...
25 years and over 6,170 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 93,205 44,495 48,720
Number of persons not in census families 12,465 5,000 7,470
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,725 880 1,850
Living with non-relatives only 2,660 1,310 1,350
Living alone 7,080 2,805 4,270
Number of census family persons 80,740 39,495 41,245
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,120 5,955 7,160
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,775 875 2,900
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,055 175 880
Living with non-relatives only 190 80 110
Living alone 2,530 615 1,910
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,345 5,080 4,260
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 33,895 ... ...
Census-family households 25,710 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 22,020 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,690 ... ...
Without children 7,200 ... ...
With children 11,490 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,325 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,690 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,140 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,680 ... ...
Without children 430 ... ...
With children 1,250 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 455 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,550 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,185 ... ...
One-person households 7,080 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,110 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 33,900 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,920 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,300 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 195 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 15,475 ... ...
Semi-detached house 870 ... ...
Row house 5,040 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,655 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,910 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 33,900 ... ...
1 person 7,075 ... ...
2 persons 10,175 ... ...
3 persons 6,990 ... ...
4 persons 5,930 ... ...
5 persons 2,230 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,495 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 93,205 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,485 44,565 48,920
  Single responses  90,555 43,190 47,360
    English  32,990 16,530 16,460
    French  540 275 265
    Non-official languages  57,025 26,390 30,630
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 56,780 26,270 30,510
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  15 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  25 10 10
        Amharic  15 10 10
        Arabic  375 210 170
        Armenian  45 25 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  65 40 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  125 45 85
        Bosnian  15 5 5
        Bulgarian  20 5 10
        Burmese  65 30 40
        Cantonese  15,745 7,345 8,400
        Chinese, n.o.s.  13,710 6,315 7,395
        Creoles  15 10 5
        Croatian  140 70 60
        Czech  105 50 55
        Danish  70 35 35
        Dutch  215 100 110
        Estonian  15 5 5
        Finnish  30 15 15
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  350 145 205
        German  675 350 330
        Greek  175 90 85
        Gujarati  260 125 135
        Hakka  100 45 55
        Hebrew  160 80 80
        Hindi  370 175 200
        Hungarian  110 55 55
        Ilocano  100 35 60
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  160 80 75
        Japanese  1,050 420 625
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 5
        Korean  445 195 250
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  10 10 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 5 0
        Macedonian  10 5 0
        Malay  175 80 95
        Malayalam  100 45 50
        Maltese  5 5 5
        Mandarin  11,465 5,290 6,170
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  0 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  20 10 5
        Oromo  0 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,230 600 625
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  565 265 300
        Polish  205 90 115
        Portuguese  160 85 75
        Romanian  170 85 80
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  1,125 535 590
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 25 20 5
        Serbian  100 50 45
        Serbo-Croatian  25 15 10
        Shanghainese  205 85 120
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  130 50 75
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  25 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  50 25 30
        Slovenian  10 5 10
        Somali  25 10 15
        Spanish  975 450 525
        Swahili  25 10 10
        Swedish  30 15 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  3,310 1,390 1,920
        Taiwanese  670 325 345
        Tamil  90 40 50
        Telugu  15 10 5
        Thai  80 25 50
        Tibetan languages  10 10 5
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  160 85 75
        Ukrainian  200 85 115
        Urdu  295 150 145
        Vietnamese  225 100 130
        Yiddish  30 15 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 240 120 125
  Multiple responses          2,935 1,370 1,560
    English and French  100 50 55
    English and non-official language  2,675 1,255 1,425
    French and non-official language  80 40 40
    English, French and non-official language 75 35 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,485 44,565 48,920
  English only 78,215 37,990 40,225
  French only 40 20 25
  English and French 4,930 2,225 2,705
  Neither English nor French 10,305 4,335 5,965
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,485 44,565 48,920
  English 82,090 39,710 42,385
  French 580 290 285
  English and French 660 300 360
  Neither English nor French 10,165 4,270 5,890
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 905 440 465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 1.0 1.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,485 44,565 48,920
  Single responses 86,240 41,130 45,110
    English 44,730 21,805 22,920
    French 165 75 90
    Non-official languages 41,340 19,245 22,100
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 41,275 19,210 22,065
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 15 10 5
        Amharic 5 5 0
        Arabic 240 125 115
        Armenian 25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 50 25 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 50 25 30
        Bosnian 5 5 5
        Bulgarian 5 5 5
        Burmese 45 20 30
        Cantonese 13,895 6,405 7,485
        Chinese, n.o.s. 9,825 4,510 5,315
        Creoles 10 5 5
        Croatian 45 25 25
        Czech 50 25 25
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 20 10 10
        Estonian 5 5 5
        Finnish 5 5 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 170 75 90
        German 65 30 35
        Greek 60 25 30
        Gujarati 120 50 65
        Hakka 30 10 15
        Hebrew 95 40 50
        Hindi 160 75 85
        Hungarian 35 15 20
        Ilocano 20 10 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 35 20 20
        Japanese 570 255 315
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 295 140 160
        Kurdish 10 10 5
        Lao 0 0 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 0
        Malay 60 30 30
        Malayalam 40 30 10
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 9,980 4,675 5,305
        Marathi 5 0 0
        Nepali 5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 660 320 335
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 360 175 190
        Polish 70 35 35
        Portuguese 70 35 30
        Romanian 90 45 45
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 775 375 400
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Serbian 75 40 35
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0
        Shanghainese 70 35 35
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Sindhi 50 20 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 15 10 10
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 10 5 10
        Spanish 505 245 260
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,535 705 835
        Taiwanese 360 170 185
        Tamil 55 25 25
        Telugu 5 5 0
        Thai 35 20 20
        Tibetan languages 10 10 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 100 55 50
        Ukrainian 45 25 25
        Urdu 160 80 80
        Vietnamese 110 55 55
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 30 35
  Multiple responses         7,250 3,440 3,810
    English and French 95 45 45
    English and non-official language 7,025 3,330 3,695
    French and non-official language 30 15 20
    English, French and non-official language 95 45 50
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,485 44,565 48,920
  None 66,340 31,785 34,560
  Single responses  26,620 12,535 14,080
    English  13,685 6,610 7,070
    French  510 215 290
    Non-official languages  12,425 5,705 6,720
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,345 5,670 6,675
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  15 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 5 5
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  105 55 45
        Armenian  15 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  15 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  30 10 20
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  5 5 5
        Burmese  20 5 10
        Cantonese  2,735 1,305 1,430
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,830 860 970
        Creoles  10 5 10
        Croatian  55 30 20
        Czech  30 15 15
        Danish  20 5 15
        Dutch  75 30 50
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  130 55 75
        German  200 95 110
        Greek  105 45 60
        Gujarati  140 65 75
        Hakka  25 10 15
        Hebrew  85 50 35
        Hindi  240 115 125
        Hungarian  30 15 15
        Ilocano  20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  50 25 25
        Japanese  375 155 215
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  95 40 55
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  0 0 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  50 20 30
        Malayalam  35 10 20
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  1,980 945 1,035
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  0 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  520 260 250
        Pashto  0 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  120 55 65
        Polish  70 25 45
        Portuguese  55 25 30
        Romanian  45 20 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  240 105 135
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 0
        Serbian  20 10 5
        Serbo-Croatian  10 10 10
        Shanghainese  85 35 45
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  65 30 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  15 10 5
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  10 5 10
        Spanish  380 185 195
        Swahili  15 5 5
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,380 545 835
        Taiwanese  320 150 170
        Tamil  35 15 20
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  30 5 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  40 15 25
        Ukrainian  55 30 25
        Urdu  120 50 70
        Vietnamese  85 35 55
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 75 35 40
  Multiple responses          530 245 280
    English and French  25 10 15
    English and non-official language  360 170 185
    French and non-official language  135 60 75
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Richmond Centre, British Columbia (Code 59025) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 24, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Richmond Centre (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Richmond Centre, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Richmond Centre, British Columbia (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Richmond Centre (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Richmond Centre (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia