NHS Profile, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quebec

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 7,732,520 3,814,050 3,918,475
Canadian citizens 7,394,705 3,646,655 3,748,045
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,488,435 762,440 725,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 5,906,265 2,884,215 3,022,055
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 337,820 167,390 170,425
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 7,732,520 3,814,050 3,918,470
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 6,690,530 3,301,435 3,389,095
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 974,895 477,240 497,655
Before 1971 151,825 75,255 76,565
1971 to 1980 115,640 57,410 58,235
1981 to 1990 130,680 64,080 66,600
1991 to 2000 195,925 94,110 101,810
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 380,825 186,385 194,440
2001 to 2005 157,425 76,780 80,645
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 223,400 109,605 113,795
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 67,095 35,370 31,725
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 974,895 477,240 497,655
Under 5 years 99,755 48,580 51,180
5 to 14 years 156,700 78,715 77,985
15 to 24 years 209,030 97,130 111,905
25 to 44 years 441,825 222,220 219,605
45 years and over 67,585 30,605 36,980
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 7,732,525 3,814,050 3,918,475
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 6,690,530 3,301,440 3,389,095
Born in province of residence 6,413,010 3,168,505 3,244,510
Born outside province of residence 277,520 132,935 144,585
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 974,895 477,240 497,650
Americas 222,525 101,840 120,690
United States 26,785 12,660 14,125
Jamaica 5,255 2,095 3,160
Guyana 2,665 1,145 1,520
Haiti 69,075 30,160 38,915
Mexico 15,265 7,060 8,205
Trinidad and Tobago 4,420 1,960 2,455
Colombia 21,320 9,985 11,340
El Salvador 9,815 5,065 4,750
Peru 11,610 5,260 6,350
Chile 8,085 4,015 4,070
Other places of birth in Americas 48,235 22,435 25,805
Europe 302,235 150,320 151,915
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 14,535 7,350 7,185
Italy 57,710 29,095 28,615
Germany 10,430 4,705 5,725
Poland 11,710 4,985 6,730
Portugal 18,615 8,815 9,800
Netherlands 2,320 1,170 1,150
France 67,650 35,875 31,775
Romania 25,770 12,485 13,285
Russian Federation 11,080 4,830 6,245
Greece 20,655 10,525 10,125
Ukraine 6,850 2,955 3,890
Croatia 1,950 975 975
Hungary 4,430 2,175 2,255
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,140 2,105 2,030
Serbia 1,425 745 680
Ireland, Republic of 1,060 475 585
Other places of birth in Europe 41,910 21,040 20,870
Africa 181,125 96,260 84,865
Morocco 48,375 25,580 22,800
Algeria 47,330 25,220 22,105
Egypt 17,235 9,010 8,225
South Africa, Republic of 750 370 380
Nigeria 1,215 710 510
Ethiopia 840 400 440
Kenya 820 380 435
Other places of birth in Africa 64,555 34,590 29,965
Asia 267,710 128,165 139,550
India 16,985 8,810 8,170
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 43,735 17,610 26,125
Philippines 22,630 8,520 14,110
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 4,850 2,335 2,510
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 27,235 13,165 14,065
Pakistan 8,985 4,930 4,060
Sri Lanka 12,290 6,280 6,015
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 11,680 5,980 5,695
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 4,290 1,945 2,345
Lebanon 38,570 20,855 17,715
Taiwan 2,910 1,345 1,570
Iraq 3,860 1,965 1,895
Bangladesh 8,040 4,080 3,960
Afghanistan 5,395 2,680 2,715
Japan 1,750 445 1,300
Turkey 7,130 3,715 3,415
Other places of birth in Asia 47,380 23,490 23,890
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,295 660 635
Fiji 80 35 45
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 1,220 630 590
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 67,095 35,370 31,725
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 223,400 109,605 113,795
Americas 56,655 27,150 29,500
United States 5,375 2,965 2,405
Mexico 7,880 3,805 4,075
Cuba 1,825 1,010 815
Haiti 14,710 6,740 7,970
Jamaica 165 90 75
Brazil 3,630 1,775 1,855
Colombia 11,170 5,320 5,850
Guyana 110 25 80
Peru 3,050 1,385 1,670
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,835 835 1,000
Other places of birth in Americas 6,910 3,205 3,710
Europe 41,235 20,815 20,415
France 16,930 8,990 7,940
Germany 750 425 320
Poland 355 110 245
Romania 5,235 2,465 2,775
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 4,125 2,020 2,105
Russian Federation 2,820 1,160 1,660
Ukraine 2,165 940 1,230
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,235 710 525
Other places of birth in Europe 7,615 4,005 3,610
Africa 71,040 36,760 34,280
Nigeria 440 275 165
Ethiopia 155 50 110
Mauritius 1,815 945 865
Somalia 50 35 0
Algeria 20,195 10,080 10,115
Egypt 2,920 1,635 1,285
Morocco 18,200 9,185 9,015
Tunisia 4,150 2,570 1,580
Cameroon 3,480 1,780 1,700
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 2,830 1,275 1,555
South Africa, Republic of 110 35 75
Other places of birth in Africa 16,690 8,890 7,800
Asia 54,205 24,715 29,490
Philippines 7,140 2,885 4,255
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 11,460 4,620 6,840
India 3,250 1,750 1,500
Pakistan 2,040 1,015 1,025
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 3,075 1,530 1,545
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,070 400 665
Sri Lanka 2,030 920 1,110
Iraq 1,330 715 620
Bangladesh 1,600 730 870
Lebanon 6,600 3,525 3,075
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,680 640 1,040
Taiwan 390 150 245
Afghanistan 1,670 840 825
Japan 655 140 515
Turkey 1,185 605 580
Israel 965 485 480
Nepal 550 285 270
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 145 65 80
United Arab Emirates 295 150 145
Saudi Arabia 585 315 265
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 1,410 750 660
Other places of birth in Asia 5,070 2,190 2,880
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 265 155 105
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 7,732,520 3,814,050 3,918,475
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 1,055,130 519,390 535,745
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 685,170 344,350 340,815
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 5,992,220 2,950,305 3,041,915
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 7,732,525 3,814,045 3,918,475
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 850,235 418,545 431,695
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 83,320 43,410 39,915
Chinese 82,845 37,295 45,550
Black 243,625 116,605 127,020
Filipino 31,495 12,435 19,055
Latin American 116,380 56,940 59,440
Arab 166,260 89,505 76,750
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 65,855 32,940 32,920
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 23,445 12,070 11,380
Korean 6,665 3,135 3,530
Japanese 4,025 1,565 2,465
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 8,895 4,340 4,560
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 17,420 8,315 9,105
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 6,882,285 3,395,505 3,486,780
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 7,732,525 3,814,050 3,918,470
North American Aboriginal origins 307,445 146,725 160,725
First Nations (North American Indian) 261,505 123,950 137,550
Inuit 15,315 7,630 7,685
Métis 35,660 17,635 18,025
Other North American origins 4,776,875 2,345,180 2,431,700
Acadian 34,075 16,100 17,975
American 44,550 21,115 23,435
Canadian 4,571,990 2,243,110 2,328,880
New Brunswicker 1,255 560 695
Newfoundlander 620 275 350
Nova Scotian 460 215 240
Ontarian 1,355 655 705
Québécois 183,350 92,285 91,070
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 330 185 150
European origins 3,390,330 1,678,310 1,712,015
British Isles origins 731,305 350,315 380,990
Channel Islander 1,395 740 650
Cornish 30 10 15
English 240,945 116,830 124,120
Irish 428,570 202,080 226,490
Manx 100 70 30
Scottish 196,665 93,550 103,115
Welsh 10,705 4,995 5,710
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 28,305 13,165 15,140
French origins 2,256,600 1,122,285 1,134,320
Alsatian 1,210 625 585
Breton 13,455 6,740 6,720
French 2,246,705 1,117,410 1,129,300
Western European origins (except French origins) 230,555 112,375 118,185
Austrian 11,815 5,675 6,135
Belgian 49,255 24,255 24,995
Dutch 24,835 12,070 12,765
Flemish 1,795 945 850
Frisian 70 15 50
German 132,945 64,295 68,650
Luxembourger 720 400 325
Swiss 22,065 11,210 10,855
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 1,030 590 440
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 22,165 10,675 11,490
Danish 4,420 2,275 2,145
Finnish 2,730 1,060 1,665
Icelandic 835 395 440
Norwegian 7,485 3,750 3,740
Swedish 6,260 2,845 3,415
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 1,525 825 695
Eastern European origins 206,365 100,895 105,465
Bulgarian 8,520 4,170 4,345
Byelorussian 1,895 855 1,040
Czech 5,675 2,885 2,795
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 1,960 940 1,025
Estonian 755 390 365
Hungarian 22,960 11,865 11,090
Latvian 1,730 880 850
Lithuanian 5,155 2,585 2,565
Moldovan 3,780 1,845 1,935
Polish 65,440 31,470 33,970
Romanian 41,605 20,305 21,300
Russian 45,120 21,550 23,570
Slovak 4,115 2,095 2,015
Ukrainian 32,260 15,490 16,775
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 1,235 665 570
Southern European origins 515,745 257,095 258,650
Albanian 3,425 1,830 1,595
Bosnian 2,555 1,150 1,405
Croatian 5,585 2,920 2,665
Cypriot 400 175 220
Greek 69,615 35,665 33,950
Italian 307,810 153,205 154,600
Kosovar 415 195 215
Macedonian 700 315 390
Maltese 755 375 380
Montenegrin 360 180 185
Portuguese 59,400 29,280 30,120
Serbian 4,480 2,315 2,165
Sicilian 1,425 720 700
Slovenian 2,220 1,090 1,130
Spanish 79,205 38,785 40,420
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 4,430 2,195 2,230
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 115 85 30
Other European origins 77,170 38,675 38,495
Basque 3,000 1,555 1,440
Jewish 67,115 33,545 33,570
Roma (Gypsy) 410 225 185
Slavic, n.o.s. 365 205 155
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 6,615 3,360 3,260
Caribbean origins 167,590 77,665 89,925
Antiguan 305 155 145
Bahamian 450 265 190
Barbadian 5,575 2,505 3,070
Bermudan 90 50 40
Carib 310 115 200
Cuban 5,860 2,955 2,900
Dominican 8,350 3,955 4,395
Grenadian 1,930 710 1,215
Haitian 119,185 55,325 63,860
Jamaican 12,730 5,885 6,845
Kittitian/Nevisian 230 95 135
Martinican 1,130 630 505
Montserratan 365 225 145
Puerto Rican 375 160 220
St. Lucian 830 310 515
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 6,510 3,205 3,300
Vincentian/Grenadinian 3,095 1,145 1,945
West Indian, n.o.s. 3,800 1,660 2,145
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 4,170 2,000 2,165
Latin, Central and South American origins 137,255 67,195 70,065
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 4,485 2,090 2,395
Argentinian 4,260 2,180 2,075
Belizean 50 15 30
Bolivian 1,185 585 600
Brazilian 5,570 2,785 2,785
Chilean 12,215 6,050 6,160
Colombian 26,575 12,655 13,915
Costa Rican 995 570 425
Ecuadorian 2,310 1,065 1,250
Guatemalan 7,660 3,915 3,750
Guyanese 3,285 1,550 1,730
Hispanic 570 270 305
Honduran 3,825 1,915 1,910
Maya 1,340 710 630
Mexican 25,040 12,440 12,600
Nicaraguan 2,590 1,305 1,285
Panamanian 1,260 680 580
Paraguayan 260 135 120
Peruvian 15,685 7,270 8,415
Salvadorean 16,635 8,285 8,350
Uruguayan 1,045 475 570
Venezuelan 5,415 2,460 2,955
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 3,870 2,060 1,810
African origins 260,785 135,740 125,040
Central and West African origins 50,050 25,870 24,180
Akan 130 75 55
Angolan 385 230 155
Ashanti 85 40 45
Beninese 2,050 1,045 1,010
Burkinabe 1,105 550 555
Cameroonian 6,955 3,680 3,275
Chadian 805 410 395
Congolese 13,325 6,355 6,975
Gabonese 955 470 485
Gambian 200 65 130
Ghanaian 2,675 1,465 1,210
Guinean 3,700 1,960 1,745
Ibo 105 50 55
Ivorian 4,125 2,240 1,880
Liberian 140 90 50
Malian 2,055 945 1,110
Nigerian 2,050 1,070 985
Peulh 1,240 635 605
Senegalese 5,200 2,800 2,395
Sierra Leonean 140 70 70
Togolese 2,200 1,225 975
Yoruba 320 205 120
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 4,635 2,515 2,115
North African origins 159,355 84,230 75,125
Algerian 44,560 23,535 21,030
Berber 23,790 13,070 10,715
Coptic 635 320 315
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 23,225 12,090 11,135
Libyan 690 425 270
Maure 625 350 275
Moroccan 59,480 30,345 29,130
Sudanese 435 255 175
Tunisian 12,680 7,460 5,220
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 1,750 975 775
Southern and East African origins 19,965 9,750 10,215
Afrikaner 90 60 30
Amhara 50 0 30
Bantu, n.o.s. 795 385 410
Burundian 4,005 1,980 2,025
Eritrean 410 180 225
Ethiopian 1,145 570 575
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 320 165 155
Malagasy 2,375 1,170 1,210
Mauritian 2,545 1,190 1,360
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 4,025 1,975 2,050
Seychellois 615 305 310
Somali 910 425 485
South African 900 370 525
Tanzanian 200 105 95
Tigrian 50 40 10
Ugandan 205 105 100
Zambian 80 45 35
Zimbabwean 365 190 180
Zulu 45 30 15
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,665 870 790
Other African origins 35,335 17,845 17,490
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 2,710 1,360 1,345
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 33,490 16,915 16,570
Asian origins 488,905 241,515 247,390
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 196,290 102,695 93,595
Afghan 8,070 4,130 3,940
Arab, n.o.s. 38,465 21,325 17,140
Armenian 25,155 12,735 12,420
Assyrian 365 240 125
Azerbaijani 615 320 295
Georgian 450 230 220
Iranian 17,820 9,120 8,700
Iraqi 4,800 2,330 2,470
Israeli 3,100 1,435 1,665
Jordanian 1,330 755 580
Kazakh 635 280 355
Kurd 1,415 690 725
Kuwaiti 205 115 90
Lebanese 70,200 36,555 33,650
Palestinian 5,625 2,940 2,680
Pashtun 190 115 75
Saudi Arabian 800 520 285
Syrian 17,990 9,455 8,535
Tajik 175 85 90
Tatar 440 200 240
Turk 14,180 7,215 6,965
Uighur 195 105 95
Uzbek 320 125 190
Yemeni 195 115 80
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,310 730 580
South Asian origins 91,400 47,445 43,955
Bangladeshi 7,270 3,785 3,490
Bengali 3,530 1,795 1,735
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 48,535 25,120 23,415
Goan 155 55 105
Gujarati 250 125 125
Kashmiri 65 35 25
Nepali 1,010 530 485
Pakistani 12,470 6,905 5,560
Punjabi 1,900 1,075 825
Sinhalese 260 120 135
Sri Lankan 16,455 8,385 8,070
Tamil 3,305 1,670 1,635
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 2,415 1,275 1,140
East and Southeast Asian origins 203,755 92,740 111,015
Burmese 370 170 200
Cambodian (Khmer) 14,700 7,185 7,515
Chinese 101,880 46,475 55,400
Filipino 34,140 13,635 20,505
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 980 355 625
Japanese 5,555 2,260 3,290
Korean 7,070 3,250 3,820
Laotian 6,765 3,380 3,385
Malaysian 875 435 440
Mongolian 685 350 340
Singaporean 65 20 40
Taiwanese 1,890 910 980
Thai 2,500 1,140 1,360
Tibetan 105 50 55
Vietnamese 42,480 21,020 21,465
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 395 150 245
Other Asian origins 1,150 575 575
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 1,145 570 575
Oceania origins 2,305 1,135 1,175
Australian 1,455 715 740
New Zealander 525 250 275
Pacific Islands origins 380 190 195
Fijian 30 15 15
Hawaiian 80 50 35
Maori 45 15 30
Polynesian, n.o.s. 115 65 50
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 105 40 65
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 7,732,520 3,814,045 3,918,475
Buddhist 52,390 24,630 27,760
Christian 6,356,880 3,079,855 3,277,020
Anglican 73,550 34,815 38,735
Baptist 36,615 16,585 20,030
Catholic 5,775,740 2,802,920 2,972,820
Christian Orthodox 129,780 63,960 65,820
Lutheran 7,200 3,425 3,770
Pentecostal 41,070 18,640 22,430
Presbyterian 11,440 5,265 6,175
United Church 32,930 14,945 17,985
Other Christian 248,560 119,305 129,260
Hindu 33,540 17,055 16,480
Jewish 85,100 41,455 43,645
Muslim 243,430 128,815 114,615
Sikh 9,275 5,090 4,185
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 2,025 925 1,100
Other religions 12,340 6,155 6,175
No religious affiliation 937,545 510,055 427,485
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 7,732,520 3,814,045 3,918,470
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 141,915 70,205 71,710
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 82,425 40,105 42,315
Métis single identity 40,960 21,300 19,660
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 12,570 6,265 6,305
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 1,545 720 830
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 4,415 1,815 2,600
Non-Aboriginal identity 7,590,605 3,743,845 3,846,770
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,732,525 3,814,045 3,918,470
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 62,510 30,465 32,045
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 7,670,010 3,783,585 3,886,425
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 7,732,520 3,814,050 3,918,475
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 307,445 146,725 160,725
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 261,505 123,950 137,555
Métis ancestry 35,660 17,635 18,025
Inuit ancestry 15,310 7,630 7,685
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 7,425,075 3,667,325 3,757,750
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 1,435,235 696,015 739,220
Aboriginal languages 46,640 23,275 23,365
Algonquin 2,185 1,040 1,140
Atikamekw 5,965 3,130 2,840
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 16,090 8,105 7,980
Mi'kmaq 1,010 480 530
Innu/Montagnais 9,255 4,480 4,770
Ojibway 50 30 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 11,300 5,655 5,645
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 1,250 580 660
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,388,885 672,905 715,980
Italian 177,890 87,445 90,445
Portuguese 47,640 23,425 24,215
Romanian 33,690 16,380 17,310
Spanish 348,920 158,825 190,095
Dutch 5,475 2,785 2,690
Flemish 785 325 455
German 45,190 22,855 22,330
Yiddish 13,595 6,715 6,885
Danish 585 295 285
Norwegian 735 385 345
Swedish 1,660 720 930
Afrikaans 430 205 220
Gaelic languages 335 185 150
Bosnian 1,665 835 830
Bulgarian 6,730 3,245 3,490
Croatian 3,085 1,540 1,550
Czech 1,965 880 1,080
Macedonian 375 195 180
Polish 18,365 8,280 10,090
Russian 39,015 18,665 20,350
Serbian 3,305 1,690 1,610
Serbo-Croatian 2,360 1,230 1,135
Slovak 1,215 565 650
Slovenian 945 435 505
Ukrainian 6,780 2,995 3,790
Latvian 480 205 280
Lithuanian 820 455 360
Greek 53,020 26,925 26,100
Armenian 18,645 9,295 9,350
Albanian 3,055 1,620 1,435
Estonian 240 100 140
Finnish 650 245 405
Hungarian 8,230 4,110 4,120
Turkish 10,940 5,575 5,365
Berber languages (Kabyle) 7,190 3,960 3,235
Oromo 9,370 5,135 4,240
Somali 890 405 480
Amharic 925 440 485
Arabic 211,825 112,710 99,115
Hebrew 19,150 10,075 9,070
Maltese 35 0 30
Tigrigna 355 160 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 195 135 60
Bengali 12,325 6,330 5,995
Gujarati 7,485 3,680 3,805
Hindi 13,180 6,815 6,370
Konkani 195 110 85
Marathi 210 115 95
Panjabi (Punjabi) 14,480 7,895 6,590
Sindhi 340 180 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,060 565 495
Urdu 14,295 8,040 6,260
Nepali 1,435 680 750
Kurdish 975 560 415
Pashto 1,295 710 590
Persian (Farsi) 22,825 11,685 11,145
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 975 480 495
Kannada 390 200 190
Malayalam 335 190 145
Tamil 19,460 9,945 9,515
Telugu 540 300 245
Japanese 6,135 2,855 3,280
Korean 5,365 2,425 2,940
Cantonese 13,980 6,490 7,495
Fukien 105 30 75
Hakka 205 105 95
Mandarin 17,810 8,355 9,460
Taiwanese 885 400 490
Chinese, n.o.s. 47,040 22,685 24,355
Lao 6,085 3,000 3,085
Thai 2,000 970 1,035
Khmer (Cambodian) 12,345 5,940 6,410
Vietnamese 37,370 18,370 18,995
Bisayan languages 1,120 390 735
Ilocano 1,850 620 1,230
Malay 1,505 735 770
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 25,320 9,040 16,290
Akan (Twi) 1,610 860 755
Lingala 6,985 3,345 3,640
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,025 1,555 1,470
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 2,685 1,205 1,480
Swahili 5,395 2,685 2,710
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 3,900 2,115 1,785
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 9,065 4,825 4,235
African languages, n.i.e. 2,105 1,200 905
Creoles 99,045 45,090 53,960
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 23,615 12,140 11,475
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 7,644,190 3,768,600 3,875,590
Non-movers 6,742,515 3,323,610 3,418,900
Movers 901,675 444,985 456,685
Non-migrants 523,555 258,530 265,030
Migrants 378,115 186,460 191,655
Internal migrants 321,415 158,115 163,300
Intraprovincial migrants 299,805 147,250 152,555
Interprovincial migrants 21,610 10,865 10,745
External migrants 56,700 28,340 28,355
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 7,290,720 3,587,745 3,702,975
Non-movers 4,575,955 2,254,225 2,321,725
Movers 2,714,770 1,333,520 1,381,250
Non-migrants 1,477,880 724,350 753,530
Migrants 1,236,890 609,175 627,715
Internal migrants 1,010,585 495,240 515,350
Intraprovincial migrants 947,490 463,755 483,735
Interprovincial migrants 63,095 31,485 31,610
External migrants 226,300 113,930 112,370
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 6,474,590 3,170,635 3,303,955
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,436,025 714,090 721,930
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 1,404,755 650,660 754,095
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 3,633,810 1,805,890 1,827,925
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 1,049,470 635,435 414,035
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 1,075,855 472,360 603,495
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 305,330 126,565 178,765
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 1,203,155 571,530 631,625
Bachelor's degree 766,100 343,535 422,565
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 437,050 227,990 209,065
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 4,370,125 2,160,025 2,210,105
No certificate, diploma or degree 645,710 343,930 301,780
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 853,175 401,470 451,700
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 2,871,245 1,414,625 1,456,620
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 825,665 489,265 336,400
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 801,905 356,770 445,135
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 224,955 94,840 130,120
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 1,018,710 473,750 544,965
Bachelor's degree 650,090 290,250 359,835
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 368,625 183,495 185,130
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 6,474,590 3,170,640 3,303,950
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 2,840,780 1,364,750 1,476,025
Education 271,705 64,565 207,135
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 149,010 68,370 80,640
Humanities 205,805 83,495 122,310
Social and behavioural sciences and law 337,675 115,210 222,465
Business, management and public administration 834,220 300,480 533,740
Physical and life sciences and technologies 127,915 70,260 57,660
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 144,170 97,315 46,860
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 791,470 728,125 63,345
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 82,505 57,250 25,255
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 433,175 88,090 345,085
Personal, protective and transportation services 255,015 132,390 122,625
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 1,145 335 810
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 6,474,590 3,170,635 3,303,955
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 2,840,780 1,364,750 1,476,025
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 3,633,810 1,805,890 1,827,920
Location of study inside Canada 3,294,255 1,626,935 1,667,320
Same as province or territory of residence 3,160,850 1,557,020 1,603,830
Another province or territory 133,405 69,915 63,490
Location of study outside Canada 339,555 178,955 160,605
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 4,426,980 2,307,685 2,119,300
Single responses 4,172,835 2,171,375 2,001,455
English 526,795 284,160 242,635
French 3,614,285 1,871,585 1,742,700
Non-official languages 31,755 15,635 16,115
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,575 1,915 1,660
Cantonese 1,090 570 525
Panjabi (Punjabi) 200 120 75
Mandarin 615 330 285
Spanish 4,140 2,075 2,065
Korean 150 85 70
German 465 195 270
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 4,615 2,205 2,405
Portuguese 555 275 280
Inuktitut 3,345 1,595 1,745
Other languages 13,005 6,265 6,740
Multiple responses 254,150 136,305 117,845
English and French 235,475 126,650 108,830
English and non-official language 4,865 2,725 2,145
French and non-official language 4,770 2,210 2,560
English, French and non-official language 9,040 4,725 4,315
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 4,426,980 2,307,680 2,119,300
English 526,795 284,160 242,635
French 3,614,285 1,871,585 1,742,700
Non-official language 31,755 15,635 16,120
Aboriginal 11,355 5,520 5,830
Non-Aboriginal 20,400 10,115 10,285
English and French 235,475 126,645 108,830
English and non-official language 4,865 2,725 2,145
French and non-official language 4,770 2,205 2,565
English, French and non-official language 9,040 4,725 4,315
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 6,474,590 3,170,640 3,303,950
In the labour force 4,183,445 2,188,555 1,994,885
Employed 3,880,425 2,014,810 1,865,610
Unemployed 303,020 173,745 129,275
Not in the labour force 2,291,145 982,080 1,309,065
Participation rate 64.6 69.0 60.4
Employment rate 59.9 63.5 56.5
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.9 6.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 4,183,445 2,188,560 1,994,885
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 98,320 51,070 47,250
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 4,085,125 2,137,490 1,947,640
Employee 3,661,705 1,868,960 1,792,745
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 423,425 268,525 154,895
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 4,183,445 2,188,560 1,994,890
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 98,320 51,070 47,250
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 4,085,125 2,137,490 1,947,640
0 Management occupations 411,425 261,620 149,800
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 687,715 207,545 480,170
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 287,015 221,430 65,585
3 Health occupations 268,610 53,480 215,130
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 479,505 148,715 330,795
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 123,665 58,150 65,520
6 Sales and service occupations 969,740 436,370 533,370
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 573,075 542,055 31,025
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 65,625 53,640 11,995
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 218,740 154,485 64,250
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 4,183,445 2,188,560 1,994,890
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 98,315 51,070 47,250
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 4,085,130 2,137,490 1,947,640
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 84,470 61,540 22,925
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 20,770 18,035 2,730
22 Utilities 33,815 24,560 9,255
23 Construction 241,780 213,605 28,170
31-33 Manufacturing 476,390 343,345 133,045
41 Wholesale trade 169,825 113,545 56,280
44-45 Retail trade 501,380 234,725 266,650
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 181,295 137,745 43,550
51 Information and cultural industries 98,340 56,455 41,885
52 Finance and insurance 159,230 56,930 102,295
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 61,365 35,940 25,425
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 282,115 158,920 123,205
55 Management of companies and enterprises 3,965 2,250 1,715
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 156,130 92,530 63,605
61 Educational services 301,425 99,565 201,860
62 Health care and social assistance 496,125 97,255 398,870
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 78,795 41,535 37,260
72 Accommodation and food services 253,145 112,650 140,495
81 Other services (except public administration) 189,290 88,710 100,585
91 Public administration 295,480 147,645 147,835
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 4,183,445 2,188,560 1,994,890
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 220,475 109,880 110,600
Worked in 2010 3,962,970 2,078,685 1,884,285
1 to 13 weeks 181,945 87,590 94,355
14 to 26 weeks 312,635 161,680 150,955
27 to 39 weeks 262,055 142,525 119,530
40 to 48 weeks 725,570 379,530 346,035
49 to 52 weeks 2,480,765 1,307,360 1,173,410
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 44.9 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 4,183,445 2,188,555 1,994,890
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 220,475 109,875 110,605
Worked in 2010 3,962,965 2,078,685 1,884,285
Worked full-time in 2010 3,218,615 1,802,980 1,415,635
Worked part-time in 2010 744,355 275,700 468,650
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 3,880,425 2,014,815 1,865,610
Worked at home 237,625 122,060 115,565
Worked outside Canada 9,705 7,055 2,650
No fixed workplace address 331,525 249,535 81,995
Worked at usual place 3,301,560 1,636,165 1,665,395
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 3,633,090 1,885,695 1,747,390
Car, truck or van - as a driver 2,713,295 1,484,305 1,228,995
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 136,490 50,905 85,585
Public transit 484,600 203,035 281,565
Walked 215,210 95,100 120,110
Bicycle 48,870 33,065 15,800
Other methods 34,620 19,285 15,335
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 3,633,090 1,885,690 1,747,395
Median commuting duration 20.5 20.7 20.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 3,633,085 1,885,695 1,747,395
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 928,215 622,300 305,915
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 2,020,720 905,880 1,114,835
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 684,145 357,510 326,635
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 3,395,215 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 3,152,090 ... ...
Major repairs needed 243,130 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 3,395,220 ... ...
1960 or before 946,900 ... ...
1961 to 1980 1,115,455 ... ...
1981 to 1990 533,790 ... ...
1991 to 2000 353,355 ... ...
2001 to 2005 206,035 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 239,685 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 3,395,220 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 1,188,910 ... ...
5 rooms 617,445 ... ...
6 rooms 429,190 ... ...
7 rooms 386,720 ... ...
8 or more rooms 772,950 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 3,395,215 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 587,300 ... ...
2 bedrooms 1,056,475 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,141,650 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 609,790 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 3,395,220 ... ...
Owner 2,077,640 ... ...
Renter 1,311,200 ... ...
Band housing 6,380 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 3,395,215 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 321,635 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 3,073,580 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 3,395,220 ... ...
1 household maintainer 2,164,735 ... ...
2 household maintainers 1,190,425 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 40,060 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 3,395,215 ... ...
Under 25 years 126,230 ... ...
25 to 34 years 510,600 ... ...
35 to 44 years 574,895 ... ...
45 to 54 years 750,315 ... ...
55 to 64 years 665,450 ... ...
65 to 74 years 440,515 ... ...
75 years and over 327,220 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 3,395,220 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 3,350,950 ... ...
More than one person per room 44,265 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 3,395,220 ... ...
Suitable 3,233,855 ... ...
Not suitable 161,365 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 3,359,245 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 2,573,495 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 785,755 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 650,765 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 2,056,665 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 841 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 936 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 214,537 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 249,427 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 1,308,465 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 36.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 643 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 685 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 6,474,590 3,170,635 3,303,955
Without income 291,190 121,325 169,870
With income 6,183,400 3,049,315 3,134,085
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 511,835 253,945 257,890
$5,000 to $9,999 493,765 187,510 306,260
$10,000 to $14,999 651,740 248,400 403,340
$15,000 to $19,999 657,775 267,750 390,025
$20,000 to $29,999 941,630 427,295 514,335
$30,000 to $39,999 866,290 432,625 433,670
$40,000 to $49,999 653,400 345,950 307,455
$50,000 to $59,999 449,185 256,700 192,485
$60,000 to $79,999 515,815 313,880 201,935
$80,000 to $99,999 211,070 143,785 67,275
$100,000 and over 230,895 171,480 59,415
$100,000 to $124,999 109,975 80,000 29,980
$125,000 and over 120,915 91,475 29,440
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,099 33,148 23,598
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,352 42,343 30,523
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 6,474,590 3,170,635 3,303,950
Without after-tax income 291,460 121,440 170,020
With after-tax income 6,183,130 3,049,200 3,133,935
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 527,085 257,470 269,615
$5,000 to $9,999 507,120 189,170 317,955
$10,000 to $14,999 663,870 255,335 408,535
$15,000 to $19,999 726,925 301,710 425,220
$20,000 to $29,999 1,170,805 555,180 615,630
$30,000 to $39,999 1,022,050 531,805 490,240
$40,000 to $49,999 667,180 373,265 293,920
$50,000 to $59,999 394,225 233,645 160,580
$60,000 to $79,999 317,060 212,135 104,925
$80,000 to $99,999 94,140 68,780 25,360
$100,000 and over 92,660 70,700 21,955
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,595 29,419 22,073
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,268 34,418 26,230
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.0 88.9 79.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.7 74.7 67.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.8 69.2 63.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.9 5.5 4.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.1 4.5 3.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.6 8.1 6.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.6 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.0 11.1 20.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.9 3.5 4.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.8 2.8 5.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.4 2.1 2.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.2 4.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.7 2.5 3.0
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.7 18.7 14.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.3 81.3 85.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 2.0 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 2,134,825 1,179,335 955,485
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,963 46,193 37,765
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,134 55,808 43,131
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 2,209,130 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,344 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,045 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,560 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,091 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 892,085 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,514 ... ...
Average family income ($) 73,710 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,756 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 60,724 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 914,080 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,689 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,360 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,339 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,295 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 337,930 ... ...
Median family income ($) 44,194 ... ...
Average family income ($) 51,962 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,275 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,529 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 1,343,670 650,235 693,435
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,910 27,986 22,559
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,398 34,941 30,014
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,120 25,167 21,605
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,334 28,922 25,844
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 7,732,525 3,814,050 3,918,475
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 4,458,860 2,141,445 2,317,420
In bottom decile 802,515 391,945 410,570
In second decile 889,870 388,630 501,235
In third decile 936,160 451,650 484,505
In fourth decile 933,355 461,220 472,140
In fifth decile 896,965 447,995 448,970
In top half of the Canadian distribution 3,273,655 1,672,605 1,601,050
In sixth decile 838,190 422,895 415,295
In seventh decile 777,365 394,885 382,480
In eighth decile 675,515 346,215 329,295
In ninth decile 547,455 282,975 264,475
In top decile 435,130 225,625 209,505
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 3,395,220 ... ...
Under $5,000 93,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 86,465 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 154,310 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 222,900 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 353,470 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 382,000 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 343,730 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 302,595 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 483,085 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 344,435 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 267,995 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 148,950 ... ...
$150,000 and over 211,965 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 3,395,220 ... ...
Under $5,000 95,590 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 87,055 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 157,180 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 236,505 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 420,145 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 449,465 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 410,480 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 345,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 515,520 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 307,615 ... ...
$100,000 and over 370,470 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 196,410 ... ...
$125,000 and over 174,060 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 3,395,220 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 51,842 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 66,205 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 45,968 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 55,121 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 1,091,430 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 26,645 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,289 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,440 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,780 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 2,303,785 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,762 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,325 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,172 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 67,601 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 7,691,755 3,793,670 3,898,085
Less than 18 years 1,531,220 784,150 747,070
Less than 6 years 519,650 265,645 254,005
18 to 64 years 5,033,420 2,499,085 2,534,335
65 years and over 1,127,115 510,440 616,675
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 1,284,590 589,040 695,555
Less than 18 years 250,330 127,465 122,860
Less than 6 years 87,250 44,455 42,795
18 to 64 years 807,240 384,760 422,480
65 years and over 227,025 76,820 150,205
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 16.7 15.5 17.8
Less than 18 years (%) 16.3 16.3 16.4
Less than 6 years (%) 16.8 16.7 16.8
18 to 64 years (%) 16.0 15.4 16.7
65 years and over (%) 20.1 15.0 24.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Quebec (Code 24) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 25, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 22.4%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quebec

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 7,903,001  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 7,546,131  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 4.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 3,685,926 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 3,395,343 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,356,547.02 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 7,903,000 3,875,860 4,027,140
0 to 4 years 440,840 225,525 215,320
5 to 9 years 399,575 203,675 195,900
10 to 14 years 418,205 213,540 204,665
15 to 19 years 491,980 249,960 242,020
15 years 93,955 47,690 46,265
16 years 96,095 48,880 47,210
17 years 97,795 49,925 47,875
18 years 100,210 50,910 49,305
19 years 103,915 52,545 51,370
20 to 24 years 489,185 246,850 242,340
25 to 29 years 490,665 245,695 244,970
30 to 34 years 531,445 264,980 266,460
35 to 39 years 498,225 249,610 248,615
40 to 44 years 520,805 261,120 259,690
45 to 49 years 623,575 311,320 312,250
50 to 54 years 648,695 320,695 327,995
55 to 59 years 579,280 285,295 293,990
60 to 64 years 512,830 250,675 262,155
65 to 69 years 403,210 194,305 208,905
70 to 74 years 291,755 135,830 155,925
75 to 79 years 232,355 101,675 130,680
80 to 84 years 176,420 69,170 107,250
85 years and over 153,945 45,945 108,005
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.9 40.7 43.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.1 83.4 84.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 6,644,380 3,233,120 3,411,260
Married or living with a common-law partner 3,745,320 1,875,415 1,869,905
Married (and not separated) 2,353,770 1,177,720 1,176,050
Living common law 1,391,550 697,695 693,850
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 2,899,060 1,357,705 1,541,360
Single (never legally married) 1,942,090 1,045,540 896,545
Separated 105,195 46,465 58,720
Divorced 463,830 188,265 275,565
Widowed 387,945 77,430 310,515
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 2,203,630 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 1,158,055 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 473,495 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 407,400 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 164,680 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 2,203,630 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 1,838,120 ... ...
Married couples 1,143,365 ... ...
Without children at home 596,140 ... ...
With children at home 547,225 ... ...
1 child 216,230 ... ...
2 children 226,985 ... ...
3 or more children 104,010 ... ...
Common-law couples 694,750 ... ...
Without children at home 334,250 ... ...
With children at home 360,500 ... ...
1 child 152,120 ... ...
2 children 155,020 ... ...
3 or more children 53,360 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 365,515 ... ...
Female parent 277,930 ... ...
1 child 169,760 ... ...
2 children 81,365 ... ...
3 or more children 26,810 ... ...
Male parent 87,580 ... ...
1 child 57,910 ... ...
2 children 23,780 ... ...
3 or more children 5,900 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 2,201,800 ... ...
Under six years of age 520,710 ... ...
6 to 14 years 728,240 ... ...
15 to 17 years 279,620 ... ...
18 to 24 years 453,250 ... ...
25 years and over 219,980 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 7,732,835 3,812,190 3,920,640
Number of persons not in census families 1,489,290 717,115 772,170
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 145,795 64,175 81,615
Living with non-relatives only 249,085 141,300 107,785
Living alone 1,094,410 511,640 582,770
Number of census family persons 6,243,545 3,095,075 3,148,470
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 1,128,815 510,045 618,775
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 413,235 124,645 288,590
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 45,530 11,850 33,680
Living with non-relatives only 24,935 11,985 12,950
Living alone 342,775 100,810 241,965
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 715,580 385,395 330,185
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 3,395,340 ... ...
Census-family households 2,174,255 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 2,050,840 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 1,738,280 ... ...
Without children 880,690 ... ...
With children 857,590 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 312,555 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 123,420 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 95,000 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 61,250 ... ...
Without children 27,410 ... ...
With children 33,840 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 33,750 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 28,420 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,221,090 ... ...
One-person households 1,094,410 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 126,680 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 3,395,345 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,560,405 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 171,115 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 22,995 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 1,640,825 ... ...
Semi-detached house 171,435 ... ...
Row house 86,040 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 263,860 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,103,845 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15,645 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 3,395,345 ... ...
1 person 1,094,410 ... ...
2 persons 1,181,240 ... ...
3 persons 496,140 ... ...
4 persons 421,080 ... ...
5 persons 142,555 ... ...
6 or more persons 59,920 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 7,732,835 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690
  Single responses  7,663,135 3,764,810 3,898,325
    English  599,225 297,875 301,355
    French  6,102,210 2,994,300 3,107,910
    Non-official languages  961,700 472,635 489,060
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 41,290 20,530 20,760
        Atikamekw    5,815 2,975 2,845
        Cree, n.o.s.  15,135 7,570 7,565
        Dene  0 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  8,715 4,200 4,515
        Inuktitut  10,915 5,430 5,485
        Mi'kmaq  670 340 325
        Ojibway  30 15 15
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 908,480 445,970 462,515
        African languages, n.i.e 930 530 400
        Afrikaans  100 50 45
        Akan (Twi)  1,140 560 585
        Albanian  2,405 1,240 1,170
        Amharic  690 340 355
        Arabic  140,035 74,985 65,050
        Armenian  15,030 7,335 7,700
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,645 875 770
        Bengali  10,405 5,305 5,100
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5,645 3,095 2,550
        Bisayan languages  955 280 670
        Bosnian  1,505 745 760
        Bulgarian  6,495 3,165 3,330
        Burmese  60 25 35
        Cantonese  10,975 5,185 5,790
        Chinese, n.o.s.  41,590 19,745 21,850
        Creoles  49,475 21,965 27,510
        Croatian  2,375 1,220 1,160
        Czech  1,645 790 855
        Danish  305 145 160
        Dutch  3,245 1,595 1,645
        Estonian  200 75 125
        Finnish  415 155 255
        Flemish  590 250 340
        Fukien  75 30 45
        German  15,025 6,920 8,105
        Greek  39,825 20,135 19,690
        Gujarati  5,940 2,915 3,025
        Hakka  105 40 60
        Hebrew  3,975 2,105 1,870
        Hindi  2,745 1,435 1,310
        Hungarian  6,675 3,250 3,430
        Ilocano  1,685 615 1,075
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 560 320 240
        Italian  113,815 56,530 57,285
        Japanese  2,175 680 1,495
        Khmer (Cambodian)  8,620 4,035 4,580
        Korean  4,085 1,785 2,300
        Kurdish  820 465 360
        Lao  4,185 2,050 2,140
        Latvian  335 125 205
        Lingala  2,045 980 1,070
        Lithuanian  650 275 370
        Macedonian  195 105 95
        Malay  625 250 375
        Malayalam  315 165 150
        Maltese  30 15 15
        Mandarin  11,290 5,155 6,130
        Marathi  160 90 65
        Nepali  1,280 620 660
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 4,565 2,470 2,090
        Norwegian  275 130 140
        Oromo  7,035 3,865 3,170
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  11,150 5,990 5,160
        Pashto  990 545 445
        Persian (Farsi)  19,835 10,340 9,500
        Polish  15,250 6,695 8,555
        Portuguese  34,265 16,505 17,760
        Romanian  31,245 15,115 16,130
        Rundi (Kirundi)  2,370 1,150 1,220
        Russian  24,085 10,765 13,320
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  2,005 875 1,130
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 150 80 75
        Serbian  2,955 1,485 1,470
        Serbo-Croatian  1,910 945 970
        Shanghainese  95 40 50
        Sign languages, n.i.e 520 305 215
        Sindhi  305 145 155
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  585 305 280
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 95 55 40
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 325 180 145
        Slovak  1,180 525 660
        Slovenian  840 375 460
        Somali  855 435 420
        Spanish  131,850 64,490 67,365
        Swahili  2,065 1,060 1,010
        Swedish  515 240 280
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  13,740 4,655 9,090
        Taiwanese  405 190 215
        Tamil  13,245 6,645 6,595
        Telugu  365 200 160
        Thai  725 190 535
        Tibetan languages  110 60 50
        Tigrigna  350 160 190
        Turkish  6,915 3,605 3,305
        Ukrainian  4,785 2,095 2,690
        Urdu  9,800 5,115 4,690
        Vietnamese  26,560 12,675 13,885
        Yiddish  9,035 4,515 4,520
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 11,930 6,140 5,790
  Multiple responses          152,820 76,455 76,365
    English and French  64,800 32,390 32,405
    English and non-official language  23,435 11,455 11,975
    French and non-official language  51,640 25,810 25,825
    English, French and non-official language 12,950 6,790 6,155
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,690
  English only 363,860 180,175 183,690
  French only 4,047,175 1,871,500 2,175,675
  English and French 3,328,725 1,758,410 1,570,310
  Neither English nor French 76,190 31,175 45,015
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,955 3,841,265 3,974,695
  English 935,635 465,965 469,675
  French 6,561,510 3,216,790 3,344,720
  English and French 245,230 128,655 116,575
  Neither English nor French 73,580 29,860 43,720
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,058,250 530,290 527,960
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 13.5 13.8 13.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,695
  Single responses 7,570,900 3,720,195 3,850,710
    English 767,415 379,915 387,500
    French 6,249,080 3,071,635 3,177,450
    Non-official languages 554,400 268,640 285,760
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 37,955 19,060 18,895
        Atikamekw   5,365 2,805 2,560
        Cree, n.o.s. 14,155 7,085 7,075
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 7,730 3,760 3,965
        Inuktitut 10,360 5,230 5,130
        Mi'kmaq 330 175 155
        Ojibway 10 5 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 511,880 247,275 264,610
        African languages, n.i.e. 220 105 115
        Afrikaans 25 10 15
        Akan (Twi) 565 260 310
        Albanian 1,510 765 745
        Amharic 360 165 195
        Arabic 72,955 37,360 35,590
        Armenian 10,980 5,195 5,785
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 290 140 155
        Bengali 8,285 4,110 4,170
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,915 1,005 915
        Bisayan languages 235 95 140
        Bosnian 1,030 525 505
        Bulgarian 4,940 2,430 2,505
        Burmese 30 10 15
        Cantonese 8,340 3,980 4,360
        Chinese, n.o.s. 33,890 16,270 17,620
        Creoles 19,430 8,295 11,135
        Croatian 1,060 510 545
        Czech 510 240 275
        Danish 35 20 15
        Dutch 525 245 280
        Estonian 30 15 15
        Finnish 65 25 40
        Flemish 95 45 55
        Fukien 15 10 5
        German 3,025 1,435 1,590
        Greek 20,060 9,685 10,380
        Gujarati 3,955 1,905 2,050
        Hakka 20 5 15
        Hebrew 1,735 885 845
        Hindi 1,450 720 725
        Hungarian 2,390 1,070 1,315
        Ilocano 585 225 360
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 145 130
        Italian 39,540 17,925 21,615
        Japanese 915 390 525
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5,350 2,475 2,875
        Korean 2,955 1,360 1,590
        Kurdish 380 200 180
        Lao 2,395 1,160 1,235
        Latvian 90 35 55
        Lingala 545 250 290
        Lithuanian 150 60 90
        Macedonian 125 65 60
        Malay 225 115 120
        Malayalam 75 40 35
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 9,325 4,485 4,835
        Marathi 65 40 25
        Nepali 1,170 575 600
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 975 465 505
        Norwegian 40 20 25
        Oromo 2,115 1,110 1,010
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 8,345 4,415 3,925
        Pashto 805 430 380
        Persian (Farsi) 14,380 7,125 7,255
        Polish 6,955 3,160 3,800
        Portuguese 16,015 7,615 8,405
        Romanian 22,790 11,190 11,605
        Rundi (Kirundi) 665 305 355
        Russian 18,465 8,740 9,725
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 450 210 235
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35
        Serbian 2,015 985 1,025
        Serbo-Croatian 1,180 580 600
        Shanghainese 30 15 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 975 625 355
        Sindhi 175 85 90
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 330 165 170
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 65 75
        Slovak 255 115 140
        Slovenian 295 130 170
        Somali 520 245 275
        Spanish 88,380 43,095 45,290
        Swahili 750 365 385
        Swedish 115 55 55
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,280 2,815 4,465
        Taiwanese 220 115 100
        Tamil 11,270 5,585 5,685
        Telugu 220 120 105
        Thai 210 95 115
        Tibetan languages 80 40 40
        Tigrigna 170 80 90
        Turkish 4,945 2,470 2,475
        Ukrainian 1,925 835 1,090
        Urdu 7,125 3,595 3,530
        Vietnamese 20,740 9,845 10,895
        Yiddish 6,275 3,225 3,050
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 4,565 2,310 2,265
  Multiple responses         245,055 121,070 123,985
    English and French 71,555 35,860 35,695
    English and non-official language 43,765 21,305 22,460
    French and non-official language 100,110 48,590 51,525
    English, French and non-official language 29,625 15,315 14,310
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690
  None 6,691,145 3,279,620 3,411,525
  Single responses  1,046,580 522,335 524,245
    English  459,125 234,190 224,935
    French  298,090 147,040 151,050
    Non-official languages  289,365 141,100 148,260
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 3,380 1,585 1,795
        Atikamekw    470 205 270
        Cree, n.o.s.  1,250 630 620
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  920 435 490
        Inuktitut  485 205 275
        Mi'kmaq  250 110 135
        Ojibway  5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 279,095 136,070 143,025
        African languages, n.i.e 625 335 295
        Afrikaans  65 35 30
        Akan (Twi)  475 240 240
        Albanian  400 200 200
        Amharic  195 95 100
        Arabic  49,400 26,430 22,965
        Armenian  2,500 1,235 1,265
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 945 495 450
        Bengali  1,140 635 505
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  1,980 1,050 930
        Bisayan languages  250 80 165
        Bosnian  310 145 165
        Bulgarian  835 380 450
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  1,890 935 955
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,395 2,480 2,920
        Creoles  34,645 15,580 19,065
        Croatian  600 280 325
        Czech  445 205 240
        Danish  130 50 75
        Dutch  930 415 515
        Estonian  60 25 35
        Finnish  140 60 85
        Flemish  110 45 65
        Fukien  25 10 15
        German  5,900 2,720 3,175
        Greek  14,520 7,350 7,165
        Gujarati  1,185 600 585
        Hakka  50 20 30
        Hebrew  2,975 1,475 1,505
        Hindi  1,870 985 890
        Hungarian  1,580 715 865
        Ilocano  505 180 325
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 210 110 95
        Italian  39,030 19,225 19,810
        Japanese  1,070 465 610
        Khmer (Cambodian)  2,300 1,070 1,230
        Korean  650 275 375
        Kurdish  230 125 110
        Lao  1,095 530 565
        Latvian  90 35 55
        Lingala  2,585 1,255 1,325
        Lithuanian  180 65 120
        Macedonian  45 20 25
        Malay  235 105 130
        Malayalam  135 70 70
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  1,880 810 1,075
        Marathi  55 30 30
        Nepali  40 25 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 2,705 1,350 1,355
        Norwegian  110 60 55
        Oromo  2,435 1,275 1,160
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,755 960 795
        Pashto  80 50 30
        Persian (Farsi)  2,920 1,600 1,325
        Polish  3,465 1,400 2,065
        Portuguese  9,950 4,785 5,165
        Romanian  4,475 2,070 2,410
        Rundi (Kirundi)  1,140 565 575
        Russian  4,610 2,105 2,500
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  920 390 530
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 55 35 25
        Serbian  540 275 265
        Serbo-Croatian  350 185 165
        Shanghainese  50 25 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 445 205 240
        Sindhi  110 50 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  175 95 80
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 95 55 45
        Slovak  310 140 175
        Slovenian  225 95 130
        Somali  250 135 120
        Spanish  40,335 19,665 20,670
        Swahili  1,245 615 630
        Swedish  320 150 175
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,875 1,540 3,335
        Taiwanese  135 65 70
        Tamil  1,510 790 720
        Telugu  80 50 30
        Thai  320 100 215
        Tibetan languages  30 15 10
        Tigrigna  90 45 45
        Turkish  1,270 690 575
        Ukrainian  1,245 535 715
        Urdu  2,205 1,200 1,010
        Vietnamese  4,620 2,245 2,375
        Yiddish  1,690 765 920
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 6,890 3,445 3,445
  Multiple responses          78,230 39,305 38,925
    English and French  30,610 15,760 14,845
    English and non-official language  24,795 12,330 12,465
    French and non-official language  21,860 10,720 11,145
    English, French and non-official language  965 500 465

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

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Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

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Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

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Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

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Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

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Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

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Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

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Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

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Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Quebec (Code 24) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 25, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Quebec (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data