NHS Profile, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
Canadian citizens 11,784,075 5,777,980 6,006,095
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,563,970 1,318,410 1,245,560
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,220,105 4,459,570 4,760,540
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 867,715 403,465 464,250
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 8,906,000 4,410,240 4,495,765
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 3,611,365 1,706,385 1,904,985
Before 1971 723,030 341,820 381,210
1971 to 1980 464,380 217,990 246,390
1981 to 1990 538,285 258,095 280,190
1991 to 2000 866,220 408,270 457,950
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,019,460 480,210 539,250
2001 to 2005 518,405 245,850 272,550
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 501,060 234,360 266,695
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 134,425 64,825 69,600
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 3,611,365 1,706,380 1,904,985
Under 5 years 350,090 173,590 176,505
5 to 14 years 640,595 323,135 317,460
15 to 24 years 845,915 378,010 467,905
25 to 44 years 1,447,265 684,940 762,330
45 years and over 327,500 146,710 180,790
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 8,906,000 4,410,235 4,495,765
Born in province of residence 7,916,105 3,934,410 3,981,695
Born outside province of residence 989,900 475,825 514,070
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 3,611,365 1,706,385 1,904,985
Americas 580,045 256,295 323,750
United States 115,045 49,740 65,305
Jamaica 111,475 46,140 65,330
Guyana 80,070 35,575 44,500
Haiti 9,280 3,800 5,480
Mexico 27,185 12,665 14,515
Trinidad and Tobago 54,680 24,370 30,310
Colombia 26,720 12,535 14,190
El Salvador 19,650 9,975 9,670
Peru 10,315 4,465 5,855
Chile 8,630 4,140 4,490
Other places of birth in Americas 117,000 52,895 64,100
Europe 1,206,005 576,930 629,075
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 291,935 137,350 154,590
Italy 170,710 85,695 85,015
Germany 68,175 31,450 36,720
Poland 101,815 46,325 55,490
Portugal 103,765 50,910 52,855
Netherlands 53,395 26,960 26,435
France 12,935 6,020 6,915
Romania 40,700 19,140 21,555
Russian Federation 41,920 18,965 22,955
Greece 39,410 19,940 19,465
Ukraine 38,955 17,170 21,790
Croatia 27,940 13,370 14,565
Hungary 23,510 11,030 12,480
Bosnia and Herzegovina 22,105 11,265 10,835
Serbia 23,845 11,385 12,455
Ireland, Republic of 16,995 7,900 9,090
Other places of birth in Europe 127,905 62,045 65,860
Africa 195,905 95,160 100,740
Morocco 5,395 2,535 2,865
Algeria 2,415 1,340 1,075
Egypt 26,200 14,035 12,160
South Africa, Republic of 18,405 9,230 9,175
Nigeria 17,220 8,740 8,480
Ethiopia 13,150 6,060 7,095
Kenya 14,170 6,400 7,770
Other places of birth in Africa 98,955 46,830 52,120
Asia 1,617,325 772,130 845,200
India 310,410 153,835 156,570
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 267,780 123,410 144,370
Philippines 204,035 83,860 120,175
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 105,855 49,885 55,970
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 79,645 37,480 42,160
Pakistan 114,595 58,165 56,430
Sri Lanka 110,800 54,755 56,050
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 70,305 36,070 34,240
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 55,485 26,190 29,295
Lebanon 30,135 15,770 14,365
Taiwan 17,420 7,765 9,660
Iraq 36,355 18,645 17,700
Bangladesh 30,210 15,595 14,615
Afghanistan 26,390 13,325 13,065
Japan 8,015 2,510 5,505
Turkey 13,875 7,215 6,660
Other places of birth in Asia 136,030 67,670 68,355
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 12,085 5,860 6,220
Fiji 2,395 1,140 1,255
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 9,685 4,720 4,970
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 134,425 64,825 69,600
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 501,060 234,365 266,695
Americas 82,225 38,805 43,425
United States 20,675 10,260 10,415
Mexico 6,640 3,010 3,625
Cuba 2,620 1,265 1,360
Haiti 3,785 1,505 2,285
Jamaica 8,610 4,135 4,480
Brazil 3,885 1,825 2,060
Colombia 10,720 5,115 5,605
Guyana 5,615 2,420 3,195
Peru 1,955 790 1,170
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 2,100 1,050 1,050
Other places of birth in Americas 15,615 7,430 8,185
Europe 59,945 28,535 31,410
France 1,805 885 915
Germany 2,040 995 1,040
Poland 3,190 1,135 2,050
Romania 4,725 1,990 2,740
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 1,415 665 745
Russian Federation 7,885 3,500 4,385
Ukraine 5,635 2,285 3,355
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 11,145 6,215 4,930
Other places of birth in Europe 22,105 10,860 11,245
Africa 40,950 19,620 21,325
Nigeria 7,410 3,665 3,740
Ethiopia 2,475 1,080 1,400
Mauritius 1,520 675 840
Somalia 2,430 1,050 1,380
Algeria 595 270 330
Egypt 6,240 3,215 3,020
Morocco 1,115 520 590
Tunisia 270 130 140
Cameroon 1,210 600 610
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 1,790 800 985
South Africa, Republic of 1,430 725 710
Other places of birth in Africa 14,465 6,895 7,575
Asia 316,080 146,340 169,740
Philippines 53,235 21,660 31,570
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 53,950 24,195 29,755
India 67,170 32,785 34,385
Pakistan 23,370 11,210 12,160
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 16,925 8,060 8,860
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 9,950 4,590 5,360
Sri Lanka 16,600 7,815 8,785
Iraq 12,085 5,925 6,155
Bangladesh 9,520 4,795 4,725
Lebanon 3,650 1,885 1,760
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 4,810 1,825 2,990
Taiwan 2,280 1,045 1,235
Afghanistan 4,885 2,535 2,350
Japan 1,905 500 1,400
Turkey 3,255 1,670 1,580
Israel 2,825 1,400 1,420
Nepal 2,780 1,490 1,295
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2,120 860 1,265
United Arab Emirates 3,570 1,785 1,780
Saudi Arabia 2,470 1,330 1,140
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 2,030 1,050 975
Other places of birth in Asia 16,700 7,920 8,775
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,860 1,060 795
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 3,779,630 1,788,770 1,990,855
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 2,849,290 1,420,780 1,428,515
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 6,022,870 2,971,895 3,050,975
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 3,279,565 1,582,480 1,697,085
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 965,990 484,355 481,635
Chinese 629,140 301,575 327,570
Black 539,205 251,295 287,915
Filipino 275,380 116,825 158,555
Latin American 172,560 83,205 89,360
Arab 151,645 79,620 72,025
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 137,875 67,645 70,230
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 122,530 62,515 60,010
Korean 78,290 38,045 40,250
Japanese 29,085 13,345 15,740
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 81,130 37,300 43,830
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 96,735 46,765 49,970
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 9,372,225 4,598,965 4,773,260
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
North American Aboriginal origins 441,395 210,490 230,905
First Nations (North American Indian) 345,870 165,000 180,875
Inuit 6,175 2,815 3,365
Métis 97,045 46,365 50,680
Other North American origins 3,059,480 1,507,105 1,552,380
Acadian 15,180 7,350 7,825
American 136,500 64,910 71,595
Canadian 2,946,095 1,453,390 1,492,705
New Brunswicker 265 120 150
Newfoundlander 9,590 4,820 4,770
Nova Scotian 1,135 605 525
Ontarian 2,290 1,035 1,255
Québécois 6,115 2,880 3,235
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 1,385 645 745
European origins 8,231,410 4,019,885 4,211,525
British Isles origins 4,989,725 2,423,095 2,566,630
Channel Islander 960 515 450
Cornish 695 355 345
English 2,925,660 1,414,400 1,511,260
Irish 2,069,110 980,610 1,088,495
Manx 1,990 1,050 945
Scottish 2,080,545 1,005,460 1,075,090
Welsh 192,650 91,285 101,365
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 293,170 139,080 154,090
French origins 1,363,370 650,845 712,520
Alsatian 1,045 465 580
Breton 340 155 185
French 1,362,320 650,350 711,970
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,711,125 835,600 875,520
Austrian 68,790 33,745 35,040
Belgian 52,635 25,910 26,720
Dutch 508,595 250,305 258,290
Flemish 4,860 2,430 2,440
Frisian 2,705 1,465 1,245
German 1,154,550 561,145 593,405
Luxembourger 955 480 475
Swiss 57,270 28,440 28,830
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 675 300 370
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 255,555 123,125 132,435
Danish 53,145 25,695 27,455
Finnish 74,505 35,655 38,850
Icelandic 13,130 6,475 6,650
Norwegian 56,215 27,490 28,725
Swedish 67,795 32,095 35,700
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 8,985 4,350 4,640
Eastern European origins 1,219,960 589,425 630,540
Bulgarian 15,500 7,500 8,000
Byelorussian 8,785 3,920 4,860
Czech 39,795 19,100 20,700
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 14,380 6,765 7,615
Estonian 14,770 6,775 8,000
Hungarian 148,960 72,130 76,830
Latvian 16,320 7,825 8,495
Lithuanian 29,315 14,635 14,680
Moldovan 2,650 1,310 1,335
Polish 475,565 229,855 245,705
Romanian 85,115 41,445 43,670
Russian 186,940 88,190 98,745
Slovak 38,240 18,855 19,385
Ukrainian 342,005 165,060 176,940
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 5,975 2,935 3,040
Southern European origins 1,671,705 831,840 839,860
Albanian 21,170 10,725 10,445
Bosnian 13,345 6,900 6,445
Croatian 74,020 37,140 36,885
Cypriot 3,920 1,810 2,110
Greek 140,970 72,215 68,755
Italian 883,990 442,710 441,280
Kosovar 1,675 815 865
Macedonian 34,065 17,265 16,800
Maltese 33,455 16,820 16,630
Montenegrin 2,050 1,110 940
Portuguese 295,030 146,645 148,385
Serbian 56,760 28,630 28,125
Sicilian 3,200 1,670 1,530
Slovenian 24,585 12,115 12,465
Spanish 164,650 77,185 87,465
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 25,975 12,530 13,440
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 460 215 240
Other European origins 196,060 98,430 97,625
Basque 1,150 635 520
Jewish 173,780 86,795 86,985
Roma (Gypsy) 2,855 1,375 1,485
Slavic, n.o.s. 1,985 1,080 910
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 17,500 9,220 8,280
Caribbean origins 396,485 181,805 214,675
Antiguan 2,785 1,460 1,325
Bahamian 1,360 780 585
Barbadian 23,385 10,455 12,930
Bermudan 1,710 795 920
Carib 2,430 980 1,450
Cuban 11,675 5,320 6,350
Dominican 7,085 3,440 3,650
Grenadian 11,975 5,365 6,605
Haitian 15,830 7,080 8,745
Jamaican 218,065 100,355 117,715
Kittitian/Nevisian 1,865 785 1,085
Martinican 200 80 120
Montserratan 390 205 185
Puerto Rican 895 450 440
St. Lucian 5,375 2,180 3,200
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 51,340 23,905 27,440
Vincentian/Grenadinian 10,105 4,500 5,605
West Indian, n.o.s. 46,390 21,260 25,130
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 13,995 6,075 7,920
Latin, Central and South American origins 271,545 130,035 141,510
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 8,175 3,910 4,265
Argentinian 9,535 4,750 4,785
Belizean 605 280 320
Bolivian 1,575 715 860
Brazilian 14,190 6,890 7,305
Chilean 12,225 6,090 6,135
Colombian 34,995 17,060 17,940
Costa Rican 2,960 1,440 1,525
Ecuadorian 15,965 7,670 8,295
Guatemalan 8,200 4,245 3,955
Guyanese 67,040 31,020 36,025
Hispanic 3,225 1,285 1,940
Honduran 2,575 1,125 1,450
Maya 1,860 905 960
Mexican 31,685 15,435 16,250
Nicaraguan 6,080 2,835 3,245
Panamanian 1,775 745 1,030
Paraguayan 665 340 325
Peruvian 13,315 6,155 7,160
Salvadorean 28,765 14,460 14,305
Uruguayan 3,800 1,935 1,865
Venezuelan 7,840 3,665 4,175
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 10,350 4,900 5,455
African origins 331,460 160,940 170,515
Central and West African origins 64,975 32,440 32,535
Akan 720 380 335
Angolan 1,230 555 675
Ashanti 770 405 365
Beninese 420 295 125
Burkinabe 130 70 65
Cameroonian 2,380 1,170 1,210
Chadian 115 70 40
Congolese 7,795 3,640 4,155
Gabonese 70 45 30
Gambian 260 155 105
Ghanaian 22,035 10,815 11,220
Guinean 710 335 375
Ibo 1,685 935 750
Ivorian 835 470 360
Liberian 660 395 265
Malian 255 140 115
Nigerian 20,025 10,160 9,860
Peulh 80 45 30
Senegalese 625 250 380
Sierra Leonean 865 425 440
Togolese 485 275 215
Yoruba 2,780 1,435 1,345
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 4,445 2,220 2,230
North African origins 63,850 33,000 30,850
Algerian 2,650 1,200 1,455
Berber 1,520 830 690
Coptic 2,445 1,225 1,220
Dinka 80 50 30
Egyptian 39,275 20,515 18,755
Libyan 2,835 1,535 1,300
Maure 295 195 100
Moroccan 8,955 4,410 4,545
Sudanese 7,355 3,755 3,605
Tunisian 1,475 755 715
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 725 430 295
Southern and East African origins 102,205 48,175 54,025
Afrikaner 575 240 335
Amhara 540 285 260
Bantu, n.o.s. 735 370 365
Burundian 2,405 1,170 1,235
Eritrean 7,475 3,670 3,810
Ethiopian 17,320 8,250 9,075
Harari 605 240 365
Kenyan 4,815 2,205 2,615
Malagasy 345 200 145
Mauritian 2,885 1,215 1,670
Oromo 1,015 575 440
Rwandan 2,230 900 1,330
Seychellois 250 85 160
Somali 33,970 15,480 18,490
South African 15,165 7,635 7,530
Tanzanian 2,180 1,035 1,150
Tigrian 525 255 270
Ugandan 2,585 1,215 1,375
Zambian 640 295 350
Zimbabwean 3,420 1,625 1,795
Zulu 490 285 205
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 8,320 4,045 4,280
Other African origins 107,540 51,025 56,520
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 15,345 6,780 8,565
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 93,355 44,820 48,535
Asian origins 2,604,595 1,265,540 1,339,050
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 399,180 204,175 195,010
Afghan 40,375 20,175 20,200
Arab, n.o.s. 39,315 21,505 17,810
Armenian 24,865 12,470 12,395
Assyrian 9,420 4,840 4,575
Azerbaijani 2,690 1,450 1,235
Georgian 1,725 785 945
Iranian 92,635 47,235 45,400
Iraqi 35,215 17,905 17,310
Israeli 9,250 4,585 4,665
Jordanian 5,975 3,190 2,785
Kazakh 765 410 355
Kurd 6,835 3,700 3,135
Kuwaiti 1,450 635 805
Lebanese 73,285 36,980 36,305
Palestinian 20,130 10,545 9,585
Pashtun 2,185 1,130 1,055
Saudi Arabian 3,890 2,030 1,860
Syrian 16,070 7,790 8,275
Tajik 1,430 700 725
Tatar 1,485 755 735
Turk 29,350 14,890 14,460
Uighur 565 285 280
Uzbek 1,535 720 815
Yemeni 2,725 1,360 1,370
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 10,875 6,040 4,835
South Asian origins 1,003,180 501,155 502,020
Bangladeshi 21,490 10,985 10,505
Bengali 12,040 6,110 5,930
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 678,465 337,670 340,795
Goan 4,245 2,010 2,230
Gujarati 4,635 2,295 2,340
Kashmiri 1,545 810 735
Nepali 4,400 2,275 2,130
Pakistani 109,295 56,050 53,250
Punjabi 39,025 20,100 18,925
Sinhalese 4,960 2,480 2,480
Sri Lankan 112,465 55,795 56,670
Tamil 43,455 22,095 21,355
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 42,240 21,095 21,145
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,223,480 570,655 652,825
Burmese 3,810 1,830 1,980
Cambodian (Khmer) 12,620 6,170 6,450
Chinese 713,245 340,570 372,675
Filipino 295,700 126,150 169,550
Hmong 610 310 295
Indonesian 7,615 3,640 3,975
Japanese 37,910 17,740 20,165
Korean 82,640 39,870 42,775
Laotian 9,440 4,755 4,680
Malaysian 5,905 2,570 3,335
Mongolian 1,960 980 975
Singaporean 815 405 410
Taiwanese 8,960 4,145 4,810
Thai 5,730 2,270 3,460
Tibetan 4,995 2,470 2,525
Vietnamese 100,520 48,520 52,000
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 4,965 2,455 2,510
Other Asian origins 13,775 7,020 6,755
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 13,775 7,025 6,755
Oceania origins 19,410 9,855 9,555
Australian 12,835 6,515 6,315
New Zealander 4,180 2,130 2,050
Pacific Islands origins 2,715 1,355 1,355
Fijian 1,245 600 640
Hawaiian 480 245 235
Maori 285 110 175
Polynesian, n.o.s. 170 110 65
Samoan 130 80 50
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 435 230 200
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 12,651,795 6,181,450 6,470,345
Buddhist 163,750 75,355 88,395
Christian 8,167,295 3,839,925 4,327,365
Anglican 774,560 355,175 419,390
Baptist 244,650 112,285 132,370
Catholic 3,976,610 1,895,940 2,080,665
Christian Orthodox 297,710 145,825 151,885
Lutheran 163,460 75,225 88,230
Pentecostal 213,945 94,955 118,990
Presbyterian 319,585 148,535 171,050
United Church 952,465 435,255 517,210
Other Christian 1,224,300 576,730 647,570
Hindu 366,720 183,580 183,140
Jewish 195,540 95,795 99,740
Muslim 581,950 293,925 288,025
Sikh 179,765 90,515 89,250
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 15,905 7,600 8,310
Other religions 53,080 23,555 29,525
No religious affiliation 2,927,790 1,571,195 1,356,600
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 12,651,790 6,181,445 6,470,350
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 301,430 145,020 156,410
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 201,100 96,620 104,485
Métis single identity 86,020 41,755 44,260
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 3,355 1,475 1,880
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 2,910 1,420 1,490
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 8,040 3,750 4,295
Non-Aboriginal identity 12,350,365 6,036,425 6,313,940
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 12,651,790 6,181,445 6,470,345
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 141,165 67,685 73,480
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 12,510,625 6,113,760 6,396,870
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 12,651,795 6,181,450 6,470,345
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 441,395 210,490 230,910
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 345,875 165,000 180,875
Métis ancestry 97,045 46,365 50,675
Inuit ancestry 6,175 2,810 3,360
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 12,210,395 5,970,955 6,239,440
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 3,958,655 1,894,685 2,063,975
Aboriginal languages 23,160 11,055 12,100
Algonquin 175 85 85
Atikamekw 185 115 70
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 4,650 2,215 2,435
Mi'kmaq 115 30 80
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 12,350 5,985 6,370
Oji-Cree 2,445 1,160 1,285
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 60 0 45
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 280 85 190
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 3,175 1,455 1,725
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,936,130 1,883,985 2,052,145
Italian 352,770 171,080 181,690
Portuguese 182,240 89,480 92,760
Romanian 44,985 21,520 23,470
Spanish 303,620 141,270 162,350
Dutch 71,800 34,265 37,530
Flemish 3,345 1,500 1,845
German 200,625 96,930 103,700
Yiddish 8,460 4,100 4,360
Danish 6,290 3,065 3,225
Norwegian 2,220 965 1,255
Swedish 5,395 2,305 3,090
Afrikaans 7,590 3,770 3,820
Gaelic languages 3,180 1,545 1,635
Bosnian 7,850 3,880 3,970
Bulgarian 9,795 4,915 4,880
Croatian 44,550 22,025 22,525
Czech 13,870 6,475 7,395
Macedonian 20,820 9,965 10,860
Polish 146,765 67,810 78,950
Russian 125,770 58,770 67,000
Serbian 48,150 23,930 24,220
Serbo-Croatian 6,070 3,035 3,035
Slovak 11,400 5,190 6,210
Slovenian 8,835 4,055 4,780
Ukrainian 56,385 25,060 31,330
Latvian 5,220 2,330 2,890
Lithuanian 6,540 2,965 3,575
Greek 81,440 41,080 40,360
Armenian 15,530 7,645 7,885
Albanian 19,125 9,520 9,600
Estonian 5,405 2,255 3,145
Finnish 11,980 4,900 7,080
Hungarian 44,260 20,600 23,660
Turkish 23,745 12,535 11,205
Berber languages (Kabyle) 190 110 80
Oromo 2,185 1,180 1,005
Somali 28,160 12,315 15,845
Amharic 12,640 5,895 6,745
Arabic 182,645 95,045 87,605
Hebrew 40,835 20,465 20,370
Maltese 7,105 3,580 3,520
Tigrigna 6,385 3,025 3,365
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 17,885 8,780 9,100
Bengali 45,435 23,265 22,175
Gujarati 87,805 43,580 44,220
Hindi 201,455 102,670 98,785
Konkani 4,725 2,285 2,440
Marathi 7,115 3,510 3,605
Panjabi (Punjabi) 238,130 120,795 117,335
Sindhi 8,985 4,220 4,760
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,955 8,660 8,290
Urdu 177,945 90,700 87,245
Nepali 5,260 2,765 2,495
Kurdish 6,975 3,705 3,270
Pashto 10,675 5,635 5,040
Persian (Farsi) 115,685 58,730 56,950
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,865 2,455 2,410
Kannada 3,325 1,760 1,565
Malayalam 14,875 7,720 7,150
Tamil 149,030 73,640 75,390
Telugu 9,160 4,625 4,535
Japanese 23,340 10,890 12,455
Korean 71,170 33,920 37,255
Cantonese 234,790 109,790 124,995
Fukien 3,235 1,445 1,785
Hakka 3,615 1,690 1,930
Mandarin 177,235 82,770 94,465
Taiwanese 4,550 2,050 2,500
Chinese, n.o.s. 191,180 91,475 99,705
Lao 7,395 3,750 3,645
Thai 5,020 1,970 3,055
Khmer (Cambodian) 9,160 4,445 4,720
Vietnamese 87,240 41,365 45,875
Bisayan languages 7,705 3,185 4,525
Ilocano 10,405 4,115 6,290
Malay 9,155 4,385 4,765
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 211,765 82,840 128,930
Akan (Twi) 14,810 6,710 8,105
Lingala 3,520 1,520 2,005
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,970 865 1,110
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,460 560 900
Swahili 15,595 7,435 8,160
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5,340 2,385 2,955
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 12,665 6,325 6,340
African languages, n.i.e. 5,135 2,785 2,355
Creoles 23,545 10,315 13,230
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 57,920 26,595 31,325
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 12,517,320 6,112,415 6,404,900
Non-movers 11,069,630 5,406,195 5,663,430
Movers 1,447,695 706,220 741,470
Non-migrants 852,965 415,675 437,295
Migrants 594,725 290,550 304,180
Internal migrants 475,460 231,755 243,705
Intraprovincial migrants 419,420 204,105 215,315
Interprovincial migrants 56,040 27,655 28,385
External migrants 119,270 58,795 60,480
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 11,949,195 5,823,095 6,126,100
Non-movers 7,469,250 3,644,730 3,824,525
Movers 4,479,940 2,178,360 2,301,575
Non-migrants 2,486,070 1,211,740 1,274,325
Migrants 1,993,875 966,620 1,027,250
Internal migrants 1,514,730 738,005 776,730
Intraprovincial migrants 1,337,130 650,745 686,385
Interprovincial migrants 177,605 87,260 90,345
External migrants 479,140 228,615 250,525
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 10,473,670 5,064,715 5,408,950
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,954,520 957,040 997,475
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 2,801,805 1,337,055 1,464,755
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 5,717,340 2,770,625 2,946,715
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 771,140 520,390 250,750
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,070,875 894,235 1,176,640
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 427,150 193,355 233,790
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,448,175 1,162,635 1,285,535
Bachelor's degree 1,515,075 692,345 822,730
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 933,100 470,290 462,805
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 7,018,880 3,388,225 3,630,655
No certificate, diploma or degree 769,575 398,425 371,150
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 1,702,160 820,675 881,485
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 4,547,145 2,169,130 2,378,020
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 546,565 365,355 181,215
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 1,654,395 713,695 940,700
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 318,130 144,040 174,090
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,028,055 946,035 1,082,020
Bachelor's degree 1,243,245 564,165 679,085
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 784,805 381,870 402,935
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 10,473,665 5,064,715 5,408,950
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 4,756,330 2,294,095 2,462,235
Education 387,620 93,410 294,215
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 222,150 104,405 117,745
Humanities 348,190 133,220 214,975
Social and behavioural sciences and law 682,335 233,645 448,690
Business, management and public administration 1,222,405 494,395 728,010
Physical and life sciences and technologies 229,270 116,045 113,225
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 267,625 167,775 99,845
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 1,151,370 1,046,005 105,365
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 103,815 68,515 35,305
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 791,620 151,235 640,390
Personal, protective and transportation services 309,720 161,745 147,975
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 1,210 230 980
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 10,473,665 5,064,715 5,408,950
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 4,756,330 2,294,095 2,462,235
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 5,717,340 2,770,620 2,946,715
Location of study inside Canada 4,525,685 2,171,655 2,354,035
Same as province or territory of residence 4,172,805 1,999,135 2,173,670
Another province or territory 352,880 172,515 180,365
Location of study outside Canada 1,191,650 598,965 592,680
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 7,251,570 3,722,755 3,528,820
Single responses 7,146,825 3,674,565 3,472,265
English 6,946,425 3,583,880 3,362,545
French 94,480 36,420 58,055
Non-official languages 105,925 54,255 51,665
Chinese, n.o.s. 20,470 10,855 9,615
Cantonese 17,740 8,990 8,750
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,280 2,755 2,525
Mandarin 9,925 5,210 4,715
Spanish 5,355 2,655 2,695
Korean 4,955 2,525 2,430
German 6,120 3,180 2,945
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 140 75 70
Portuguese 6,775 4,440 2,335
Inuktitut 35 0 35
Other languages 29,115 13,570 15,545
Multiple responses 104,745 48,190 56,555
English and French 54,120 23,310 30,815
English and non-official language 48,700 24,050 24,655
French and non-official language 275 130 145
English, French and non-official language 1,645 700 940
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 7,251,570 3,722,750 3,528,815
English 6,946,425 3,583,880 3,362,545
French 94,480 36,425 58,055
Non-official language 105,920 54,255 51,660
Aboriginal 975 395 575
Non-Aboriginal 104,945 53,860 51,090
English and French 54,120 23,310 30,815
English and non-official language 48,700 24,045 24,650
French and non-official language 275 130 145
English, French and non-official language 1,645 700 945
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 10,473,670 5,064,715 5,408,950
In the labour force 6,864,990 3,542,030 3,322,955
Employed 6,297,005 3,249,165 3,047,840
Unemployed 567,985 292,865 275,120
Not in the labour force 3,608,685 1,522,690 2,085,990
Participation rate 65.5 69.9 61.4
Employment rate 60.1 64.2 56.3
Unemployment rate 8.3 8.3 8.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 6,864,985 3,542,030 3,322,960
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 184,740 89,230 95,510
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 6,680,250 3,452,795 3,227,455
Employee 5,973,820 2,998,790 2,975,035
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 706,425 454,005 252,415
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 6,864,985 3,542,025 3,322,960
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 184,735 89,230 95,510
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 6,680,250 3,452,795 3,227,450
0 Management occupations 770,580 474,655 295,920
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,138,330 352,505 785,825
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 494,500 384,345 110,150
3 Health occupations 392,695 78,330 314,370
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 801,465 264,570 536,895
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 206,420 96,055 110,370
6 Sales and service occupations 1,550,260 673,880 876,380
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 868,515 812,280 56,230
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 106,810 82,610 24,200
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 350,685 233,565 117,115
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 6,864,985 3,542,030 3,322,960
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 184,735 89,230 95,510
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 6,680,250 3,452,795 3,227,450
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 101,280 66,485 34,800
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 29,985 25,650 4,340
22 Utilities 57,035 42,685 14,350
23 Construction 417,900 369,300 48,595
31-33 Manufacturing 697,565 493,305 204,260
41 Wholesale trade 305,030 197,770 107,260
44-45 Retail trade 751,200 344,480 406,720
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 307,405 225,245 82,160
51 Information and cultural industries 178,720 98,835 79,885
52 Finance and insurance 364,415 153,125 211,290
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 133,980 72,835 61,145
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 511,020 281,420 229,600
55 Management of companies and enterprises 6,525 3,540 2,990
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 309,630 172,475 137,155
61 Educational services 499,690 162,765 336,925
62 Health care and social assistance 692,130 120,165 571,965
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 144,065 75,035 69,030
72 Accommodation and food services 417,675 177,240 240,430
81 Other services (except public administration) 296,340 133,795 162,550
91 Public administration 458,665 236,655 222,015
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 6,864,985 3,542,030 3,322,955
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 386,890 186,380 200,510
Worked in 2010 6,478,095 3,355,650 3,122,445
1 to 13 weeks 334,420 157,100 177,315
14 to 26 weeks 507,690 244,780 262,910
27 to 39 weeks 388,540 198,000 190,540
40 to 48 weeks 949,640 479,675 469,965
49 to 52 weeks 4,297,815 2,276,100 2,021,715
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.2 44.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 6,864,985 3,542,025 3,322,955
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 386,890 186,380 200,510
Worked in 2010 6,478,095 3,355,645 3,122,445
Worked full-time in 2010 5,168,460 2,879,620 2,288,835
Worked part-time in 2010 1,309,640 476,030 833,610
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 6,297,000 3,249,165 3,047,835
Worked at home 423,790 216,900 206,895
Worked outside Canada 31,390 21,150 10,240
No fixed workplace address 670,835 486,560 184,275
Worked at usual place 5,170,980 2,524,555 2,646,420
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 5,841,815 3,011,115 2,830,700
Car, truck or van - as a driver 4,235,315 2,316,680 1,918,640
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 357,110 143,410 213,700
Public transit 818,270 340,995 477,275
Walked 299,095 131,765 167,325
Bicycle 69,885 47,635 22,250
Other methods 62,145 30,635 31,515
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 5,841,815 3,011,115 2,830,700
Median commuting duration 20.8 25.2 20.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 5,841,815 3,011,115 2,830,705
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 1,385,860 904,695 481,165
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 3,256,260 1,504,095 1,752,165
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 1,199,695 602,320 597,370
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 4,886,655 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 4,563,920 ... ...
Major repairs needed 322,740 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 4,886,655 ... ...
1960 or before 1,330,235 ... ...
1961 to 1980 1,420,570 ... ...
1981 to 1990 763,430 ... ...
1991 to 2000 609,310 ... ...
2001 to 2005 414,795 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 348,310 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 4,886,655 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 1,193,910 ... ...
5 rooms 674,540 ... ...
6 rooms 743,140 ... ...
7 rooms 698,490 ... ...
8 or more rooms 1,576,580 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 4,886,655 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 696,365 ... ...
2 bedrooms 1,059,695 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,859,050 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,271,545 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 4,886,655 ... ...
Owner 3,491,320 ... ...
Renter 1,389,915 ... ...
Band housing 5,420 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 4,886,650 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 584,565 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 4,302,085 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 4,886,655 ... ...
1 household maintainer 2,840,410 ... ...
2 household maintainers 1,929,925 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 116,320 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 4,886,655 ... ...
Under 25 years 138,690 ... ...
25 to 34 years 644,485 ... ...
35 to 44 years 912,780 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,150,065 ... ...
55 to 64 years 928,725 ... ...
65 to 74 years 592,105 ... ...
75 years and over 519,815 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 4,886,655 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 4,765,300 ... ...
More than one person per room 121,355 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 4,886,655 ... ...
Suitable 4,533,570 ... ...
Not suitable 353,090 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 4,823,720 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 3,520,530 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 1,303,190 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 1,079,520 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 3,446,650 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 20.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,163 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,284 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 300,862 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 367,428 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 1,385,535 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 16.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 892 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 926 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 10,473,670 5,064,720 5,408,950
Without income 556,515 243,450 313,065
With income 9,917,155 4,821,265 5,095,885
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 1,064,160 513,400 550,760
$5,000 to $9,999 716,195 267,695 448,505
$10,000 to $14,999 872,785 334,005 538,780
$15,000 to $19,999 875,275 335,810 539,465
$20,000 to $29,999 1,361,710 580,990 780,720
$30,000 to $39,999 1,136,730 535,255 601,475
$40,000 to $49,999 980,790 491,125 489,665
$50,000 to $59,999 746,360 407,005 339,360
$60,000 to $79,999 964,280 569,205 395,075
$80,000 to $99,999 574,710 341,160 233,550
$100,000 and over 624,145 445,620 178,530
$100,000 to $124,999 293,865 201,125 92,740
$125,000 and over 330,285 244,500 85,790
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,526 36,971 25,412
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 42,264 50,242 34,716
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 10,473,665 5,064,720 5,408,950
Without after-tax income 558,360 243,470 314,890
With after-tax income 9,915,310 4,821,250 5,094,060
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 1,083,750 518,495 565,255
$5,000 to $9,999 730,610 269,950 460,665
$10,000 to $14,999 894,350 343,100 551,255
$15,000 to $19,999 942,415 364,835 577,580
$20,000 to $29,999 1,568,230 682,555 885,675
$30,000 to $39,999 1,376,725 669,100 707,625
$40,000 to $49,999 1,093,320 581,980 511,345
$50,000 to $59,999 734,550 428,690 305,860
$60,000 to $79,999 895,435 538,200 357,235
$80,000 to $99,999 307,980 210,085 97,890
$100,000 and over 287,940 214,255 73,685
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,118 33,475 23,882
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 35,249 40,970 29,836
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.7 90.6 83.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.8 77.6 70.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.1 72.1 67.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.6 5.5 3.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.2 3.9 4.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.0 7.5 6.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.6 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.3 9.4 16.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.4 3.0 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.8 2.1 3.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.1 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.3 3.1 3.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.6 18.5 14.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.4 81.5 85.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 1.9 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 3,729,585 2,075,335 1,654,250
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 50,116 55,116 44,973
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 61,495 68,768 52,371
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 3,528,375 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,987 ... ...
Average family income ($) 100,152 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,128 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,322 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 1,197,250 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,670 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,678 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,402 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 74,551 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 1,689,175 ... ...
Median family income ($) 101,715 ... ...
Average family income ($) 121,285 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 87,820 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 99,843 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 520,715 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,237 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,622 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,398 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 51,624 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 1,657,855 773,110 884,745
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,642 32,335 27,510
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 39,667 42,778 36,948
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,319 29,422 25,823
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,489 35,432 31,790
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 5,877,065 2,777,110 3,099,960
In bottom decile 1,173,210 564,340 608,870
In second decile 1,151,685 512,465 639,220
In third decile 1,174,320 547,340 626,980
In fourth decile 1,170,775 565,050 605,720
In fifth decile 1,207,075 587,915 619,165
In top half of the Canadian distribution 6,774,730 3,404,340 3,370,385
In sixth decile 1,236,850 610,295 626,555
In seventh decile 1,283,060 639,640 643,420
In eighth decile 1,350,300 678,590 671,710
In ninth decile 1,432,180 723,355 708,825
In top decile 1,472,340 752,460 719,885
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 4,886,655 ... ...
Under $5,000 123,775 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 78,005 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 143,390 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 211,140 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 405,725 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 425,410 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 425,720 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 398,705 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 680,850 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 552,660 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 497,970 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 331,460 ... ...
$150,000 and over 611,840 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 4,886,655 ... ...
Under $5,000 126,580 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 78,765 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 145,810 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 219,200 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 451,015 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 502,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 511,615 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,955 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 781,095 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 566,940 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,039,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 452,475 ... ...
$125,000 and over 587,140 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 4,886,655 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 66,358 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,772 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 58,717 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,523 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 1,227,540 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 33,243 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 43,555 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,363 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,534 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 3,659,115 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 80,967 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 99,934 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 71,178 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 83,261 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 12,600,230 6,155,675 6,444,560
Less than 18 years 2,674,645 1,375,645 1,299,000
Less than 6 years 839,085 428,350 410,735
18 to 64 years 8,177,390 3,984,400 4,192,990
65 years and over 1,748,195 795,635 952,565
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 1,745,900 809,655 936,250
Less than 18 years 463,945 239,125 224,820
Less than 6 years 154,655 79,670 74,985
18 to 64 years 1,137,315 524,335 612,980
65 years and over 144,640 46,200 98,445
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.9 13.2 14.5
Less than 18 years (%) 17.3 17.4 17.3
Less than 6 years (%) 18.4 18.6 18.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 13.2 14.6
65 years and over (%) 8.3 5.8 10.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ontario (Code 35) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Ontario

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.1%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 12,160,282  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,308,785 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 4,887,508 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 908,607.67 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 12,851,820 6,263,140 6,588,685
0 to 4 years 704,260 360,590 343,670
5 to 9 years 712,755 365,290 347,465
10 to 14 years 763,755 391,630 372,125
15 to 19 years 863,635 443,680 419,950
15 years 168,840 86,700 82,140
16 years 172,840 89,195 83,645
17 years 171,405 88,230 83,170
18 years 173,930 89,225 84,705
19 years 176,620 90,330 86,290
20 to 24 years 852,910 432,490 420,415
25 to 29 years 815,120 400,045 415,075
30 to 34 years 800,365 383,340 417,030
35 to 39 years 844,335 405,845 438,485
40 to 44 years 924,075 447,920 476,155
45 to 49 years 1,055,880 517,510 538,370
50 to 54 years 1,006,140 492,560 513,580
55 to 59 years 864,620 418,755 445,865
60 to 64 years 765,655 370,370 395,275
65 to 69 years 563,485 270,875 292,610
70 to 74 years 440,780 206,350 234,435
75 to 79 years 356,150 161,345 194,805
80 to 84 years 271,510 113,620 157,890
85 years and over 246,400 80,925 165,475
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.4 39.4 41.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.0 82.2 83.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 10,671,050 5,145,630 5,525,420
Married or living with a common-law partner 6,158,605 3,078,940 3,079,665
Married (and not separated) 5,367,400 2,681,320 2,686,075
Living common law 791,210 397,620 393,590
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 4,512,440 2,066,690 2,445,750
Single (never legally married) 2,985,020 1,583,760 1,401,260
Separated 319,805 133,790 186,015
Divorced 593,730 231,160 362,570
Widowed 613,880 117,980 495,905
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 3,612,200 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 1,686,655 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 812,960 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 783,500 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 329,085 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 3,612,205 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 3,007,560 ... ...
Married couples 2,612,895 ... ...
Without children at home 1,090,740 ... ...
With children at home 1,522,150 ... ...
1 child 559,155 ... ...
2 children 676,880 ... ...
3 or more children 286,110 ... ...
Common-law couples 394,670 ... ...
Without children at home 236,010 ... ...
With children at home 158,660 ... ...
1 child 77,160 ... ...
2 children 55,605 ... ...
3 or more children 25,890 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 604,645 ... ...
Female parent 486,470 ... ...
1 child 282,085 ... ...
2 children 145,375 ... ...
3 or more children 59,015 ... ...
Male parent 118,175 ... ...
1 child 77,820 ... ...
2 children 31,265 ... ...
3 or more children 9,085 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 4,083,925 ... ...
Under six years of age 839,960 ... ...
6 to 14 years 1,323,750 ... ...
15 to 17 years 496,005 ... ...
18 to 24 years 888,985 ... ...
25 years and over 535,230 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 12,655,130 6,179,005 6,476,125
Number of persons not in census families 1,951,440 889,600 1,061,845
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 295,100 113,180 181,925
Living with non-relatives only 425,360 233,900 191,465
Living alone 1,230,980 542,525 688,455
Number of census family persons 10,703,690 5,289,410 5,414,280
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 1,752,725 796,110 956,615
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 563,605 155,405 408,200
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 105,130 22,345 82,785
Living with non-relatives only 30,835 14,715 16,125
Living alone 427,640 118,350 309,290
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 1,189,120 640,705 548,415
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 4,887,510 ... ...
Census-family households 3,475,030 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 3,103,515 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 2,642,680 ... ...
Without children 1,171,505 ... ...
With children 1,471,175 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 460,840 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 371,515 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 242,850 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 167,865 ... ...
Without children 52,945 ... ...
With children 114,920 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 74,985 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 128,660 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,412,480 ... ...
One-person households 1,230,980 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 181,500 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 4,887,505 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,718,880 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 789,970 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15,800 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 1,362,860 ... ...
Semi-detached house 279,470 ... ...
Row house 415,225 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 160,460 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 498,160 ... ...
Other single-attached house 9,540 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 4,887,505 ... ...
1 person 1,230,975 ... ...
2 persons 1,584,415 ... ...
3 persons 803,030 ... ...
4 persons 783,925 ... ...
5 persons 310,860 ... ...
6 or more persons 174,305 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 12,655,135 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,730
  Single responses  12,434,770 6,071,955 6,362,815
    English  8,677,040 4,276,970 4,400,065
    French  493,300 232,785 260,510
    Non-official languages  3,264,435 1,562,190 1,702,240
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15,625 7,315 8,305
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  3,930 1,835 2,095
        Dene  20 5 10
        Innu/Montagnais  5 5 5
        Inuktitut  300 85 215
        Mi'kmaq  70 20 45
        Ojibway  8,255 3,925 4,330
        Oji-Cree  3,030 1,440 1,590
        Stoney  5 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,222,400 1,542,155 1,680,245
        African languages, n.i.e 3,080 1,585 1,495
        Afrikaans  2,060 1,030 1,030
        Akan (Twi)  9,680 4,565 5,115
        Albanian  17,440 8,870 8,565
        Amharic  9,190 4,295 4,895
        Arabic  133,390 69,890 63,500
        Armenian  13,070 6,330 6,740
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 3,040 1,445 1,595
        Bengali  38,685 19,745 18,935
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  120 70 60
        Bisayan languages  6,380 2,395 3,985
        Bosnian  6,140 3,045 3,095
        Bulgarian  9,015 4,390 4,625
        Burmese  1,400 685 715
        Cantonese  186,870 87,020 99,850
        Chinese, n.o.s.  195,120 92,170 102,950
        Creoles  9,650 4,355 5,295
        Croatian  33,830 16,505 17,320
        Czech  12,115 5,675 6,440
        Danish  4,745 2,230 2,515
        Dutch  58,135 28,150 29,985
        Estonian  5,025 2,170 2,850
        Finnish  11,350 4,905 6,450
        Flemish  2,710 1,180 1,530
        Fukien  3,410 1,620 1,795
        German  140,315 65,815 74,500
        Greek  56,890 28,455 28,435
        Gujarati  68,105 34,110 33,995
        Hakka  3,535 1,685 1,850
        Hebrew  11,415 6,085 5,330
        Hindi  47,645 23,880 23,765
        Hungarian  41,010 19,455 21,555
        Ilocano  8,050 2,990 5,060
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 2,845 1,520 1,330
        Italian  251,330 123,830 127,505
        Japanese  12,215 4,415 7,800
        Khmer (Cambodian)  7,210 3,345 3,860
        Korean  64,080 30,065 34,015
        Kurdish  5,760 3,100 2,660
        Lao  5,350 2,620 2,730
        Latvian  4,640 1,970 2,670
        Lingala  755 325 430
        Lithuanian  5,600 2,375 3,230
        Macedonian  16,305 7,930 8,370
        Malay  5,305 2,395 2,910
        Malayalam  10,745 5,460 5,285
        Maltese  5,830 2,930 2,905
        Mandarin  118,390 55,825 62,565
        Marathi  4,155 2,135 2,025
        Nepali  3,640 1,850 1,795
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5,780 2,925 2,860
        Norwegian  1,060 465 595
        Oromo  1,770 890 875
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  173,975 88,090 85,885
        Pashto  8,165 4,200 3,965
        Persian (Farsi)  98,905 50,110 48,790
        Polish  128,440 58,835 69,600
        Portuguese  147,725 71,605 76,125
        Romanian  41,980 19,835 22,140
        Rundi (Kirundi)  1,035 455 580
        Russian  93,080 42,590 50,490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  1,120 450 670
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 14,930 7,345 7,590
        Serbian  41,910 20,750 21,165
        Serbo-Croatian  5,250 2,565 2,685
        Shanghainese  1,410 585 830
        Sign languages, n.i.e 1,580 835 745
        Sindhi  6,530 3,055 3,475
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  9,335 4,555 4,780
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 1,780 900 875
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 2,005 1,000 1,005
        Slovak  10,250 4,665 5,585
        Slovenian  7,505 3,475 4,030
        Somali  22,685 9,750 12,930
        Spanish  178,335 85,410 92,915
        Swahili  4,745 2,255 2,490
        Swedish  2,505 1,060 1,440
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  140,805 53,595 87,210
        Taiwanese  3,020 1,390 1,625
        Tamil  111,060 54,760 56,300
        Telugu  6,730 3,525 3,205
        Thai  2,915 995 1,915
        Tibetan languages  3,965 2,005 1,960
        Tigrigna  5,560 2,605 2,955
        Turkish  16,615 8,755 7,865
        Ukrainian  41,455 18,275 23,185
        Urdu  128,730 65,470 63,260
        Vietnamese  65,915 30,920 34,990
        Yiddish  5,105 2,350 2,760
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 26,410 12,725 13,690
  Multiple responses          287,290 138,385 148,910
    English and French  46,605 21,805 24,795
    English and non-official language  219,425 106,790 112,635
    French and non-official language  13,645 6,285 7,365
    English, French and non-official language 7,615 3,495 4,115
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,730
  English only 10,984,360 5,445,050 5,539,310
  French only 42,980 18,805 24,175
  English and French 1,395,805 627,725 768,085
  Neither English nor French 298,920 118,765 180,155
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 12,722,065 6,210,340 6,511,730
  English 11,844,580 5,819,520 6,025,055
  French 500,270 235,620 264,655
  English and French 84,230 39,330 44,895
  Neither English nor French 292,980 115,860 177,115
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 542,390 255,285 287,100
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 4.3 4.1 4.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 12,722,065 6,210,340 6,511,730
  Single responses 12,156,790 5,936,965 6,219,825
    English 10,044,810 4,930,610 5,114,200
    French 284,115 133,495 150,620
    Non-official languages 1,827,870 872,860 955,010
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5,935 3,000 2,930
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 1,920 950 970
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 0 0
        Inuktitut 80 20 60
        Mi'kmaq 10 5 5
        Ojibway 2,855 1,510 1,345
        Oji-Cree 1,065 505 555
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,811,985 864,990 946,995
        African languages, n.i.e. 1,405 675 730
        Afrikaans 775 385 390
        Akan (Twi) 5,305 2,390 2,915
        Albanian 10,055 5,075 4,980
        Amharic 5,280 2,400 2,880
        Arabic 76,410 38,095 38,315
        Armenian 7,375 3,435 3,940
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 885 420 465
        Bengali 26,895 13,495 13,405
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 40 20 20
        Bisayan languages 2,045 895 1,150
        Bosnian 3,525 1,765 1,760
        Bulgarian 5,165 2,535 2,630
        Burmese 885 425 460
        Cantonese 147,795 68,295 79,500
        Chinese, n.o.s. 135,665 64,765 70,895
        Creoles 4,720 2,120 2,600
        Croatian 13,185 6,320 6,865
        Czech 4,325 2,055 2,265
        Danish 335 170 170
        Dutch 5,395 2,535 2,855
        Estonian 1,260 475 785
        Finnish 2,280 1,005 1,270
        Flemish 230 105 130
        Fukien 1,045 495 550
        German 39,180 18,925 20,255
        Greek 23,590 11,185 12,405
        Gujarati 42,445 20,860 21,585
        Hakka 1,595 740 855
        Hebrew 5,240 2,630 2,610
        Hindi 24,650 12,200 12,450
        Hungarian 15,440 7,260 8,175
        Ilocano 2,920 1,170 1,745
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,175 590 590
        Italian 88,835 39,140 49,695
        Japanese 5,765 2,535 3,235
        Khmer (Cambodian) 4,065 1,860 2,205
        Korean 47,245 22,575 24,675
        Kurdish 3,580 1,835 1,745
        Lao 2,855 1,445 1,410
        Latvian 1,270 535 730
        Lingala 240 95 140
        Lithuanian 1,780 765 1,015
        Macedonian 7,290 3,495 3,795
        Malay 1,925 920 1,005
        Malayalam 5,315 2,665 2,645
        Maltese 1,295 625 670
        Mandarin 96,610 46,980 49,630
        Marathi 1,980 1,015 965
        Nepali 2,480 1,260 1,220
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,830 870 960
        Norwegian 120 50 75
        Oromo 1,040 490 545
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 124,100 62,105 61,995
        Pashto 5,765 2,875 2,890
        Persian (Farsi) 69,200 33,860 35,335
        Polish 60,730 28,490 32,240
        Portuguese 70,210 33,690 36,520
        Romanian 22,845 10,960 11,880
        Rundi (Kirundi) 375 180 195
        Russian 64,425 30,385 34,045
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 395 165 230
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10,360 4,980 5,375
        Serbian 26,000 12,665 13,335
        Serbo-Croatian 2,500 1,220 1,285
        Shanghainese 660 300 365
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,650 1,535 1,115
        Sindhi 2,835 1,265 1,565
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,480 2,195 2,280
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 1,410 710 695
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 565 265 300
        Slovak 3,185 1,485 1,700
        Slovenian 1,815 830 990
        Somali 15,450 6,520 8,935
        Spanish 106,735 51,645 55,085
        Swahili 2,025 940 1,080
        Swedish 410 200 210
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65,225 27,135 38,095
        Taiwanese 1,495 710 785
        Tamil 83,645 40,665 42,980
        Telugu 3,820 1,955 1,870
        Thai 1,320 650 675
        Tibetan languages 3,200 1,615 1,585
        Tigrigna 3,075 1,390 1,680
        Turkish 10,395 5,265 5,135
        Ukrainian 15,240 6,810 8,425
        Urdu 83,520 41,750 41,770
        Vietnamese 47,355 22,240 25,120
        Yiddish 530 260 275
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 9,950 4,865 5,085
  Multiple responses         565,270 273,370 291,895
    English and French 37,955 17,250 20,705
    English and non-official language 509,105 248,050 261,055
    French and non-official language 6,370 2,855 3,520
    English, French and non-official language 11,845 5,225 6,620
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,725
  None 10,611,255 5,199,975 5,411,280
  Single responses  2,066,620 989,785 1,076,835
    English  848,410 416,070 432,340
    French  227,040 101,685 125,355
    Non-official languages  991,165 472,030 519,140
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10,750 4,985 5,770
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  2,120 980 1,140
        Dene  15 10 10
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 5
        Inuktitut  220 85 135
        Mi'kmaq  50 20 30
        Ojibway  6,505 3,030 3,470
        Oji-Cree  1,840 870 970
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 966,445 460,560 505,885
        African languages, n.i.e 1,340 675 665
        Afrikaans  1,285 630 660
        Akan (Twi)  4,585 2,195 2,390
        Albanian  4,625 2,315 2,310
        Amharic  3,085 1,430 1,655
        Arabic  45,670 24,305 21,360
        Armenian  3,700 1,785 1,910
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,490 675 810
        Bengali  8,115 4,155 3,960
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  50 25 20
        Bisayan languages  1,600 585 1,010
        Bosnian  1,790 875 915
        Bulgarian  2,240 1,050 1,185
        Burmese  405 200 205
        Cantonese  41,885 19,995 21,890
        Chinese, n.o.s.  35,080 16,715 18,365
        Creoles  7,720 3,355 4,370
        Croatian  13,060 6,290 6,770
        Czech  3,765 1,645 2,115
        Danish  1,690 740 950
        Dutch  18,365 8,275 10,095
        Estonian  1,850 785 1,065
        Finnish  3,725 1,530 2,195
        Flemish  590 230 355
        Fukien  1,440 695 750
        German  44,850 20,385 24,470
        Greek  29,400 14,815 14,580
        Gujarati  17,855 8,935 8,915
        Hakka  1,010 480 530
        Hebrew  8,795 4,415 4,380
        Hindi  31,720 16,115 15,605
        Hungarian  11,610 5,225 6,380
        Ilocano  2,215 830 1,385
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 1,050 550 505
        Italian  100,275 49,240 51,035
        Japanese  5,765 2,425 3,350
        Khmer (Cambodian)  2,105 985 1,120
        Korean  11,915 5,615 6,300
        Kurdish  1,355 730 625
        Lao  1,600 815 785
        Latvian  1,525 620 900
        Lingala  1,220 505 715
        Lithuanian  1,685 675 1,010
        Macedonian  5,710 2,780 2,930
        Malay  2,010 875 1,135
        Malayalam  4,210 2,120 2,085
        Maltese  2,270 1,045 1,225
        Mandarin  22,435 10,105 12,330
        Marathi  1,255 620 640
        Nepali  655 325 335
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 4,890 2,350 2,540
        Norwegian  475 205 265
        Oromo  450 235 225
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  36,175 18,600 17,575
        Pashto  1,565 845 715
        Persian (Farsi)  19,325 10,130 9,195
        Polish  36,540 16,475 20,070
        Portuguese  56,065 27,195 28,865
        Romanian  11,640 5,370 6,265
        Rundi (Kirundi)  535 225 310
        Russian  20,915 9,535 11,380
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  555 220 335
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 3,145 1,560 1,585
        Serbian  11,025 5,500 5,525
        Serbo-Croatian  1,355 675 675
        Shanghainese  460 185 275
        Sign languages, n.i.e 1,530 620 905
        Sindhi  2,660 1,255 1,410
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  4,160 2,055 2,105
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 175 85 95
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 570 280 295
        Slovak  2,965 1,305 1,665
        Slovenian  2,445 1,075 1,370
        Somali  7,410 3,415 4,000
        Spanish  64,810 31,120 33,695
        Swahili  3,240 1,485 1,755
        Swedish  1,240 520 720
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  48,070 17,385 30,690
        Taiwanese  1,050 480 570
        Tamil  23,860 11,970 11,885
        Telugu  1,730 910 820
        Thai  1,120 375 745
        Tibetan languages  445 235 210
        Tigrigna  1,945 930 1,015
        Turkish  4,610 2,460 2,150
        Ukrainian  12,170 5,285 6,880
        Urdu  34,535 17,635 16,895
        Vietnamese  15,425 7,320 8,105
        Yiddish  1,540 660 875
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 13,970 6,485 7,490
  Multiple responses          44,190 20,580 23,610
    English and French  6,970 3,210 3,760
    English and non-official language  15,600 7,690 7,910
    French and non-official language  21,270 9,505 11,765
    English, French and non-official language  350 170 180

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ontario (Code 35) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Ontario

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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