NHS Profile, Manitoba, 2011

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NHS data, Manitoba. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Manitoba

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
Canadian citizens 1,099,405 542,790 556,620
Canadian citizens aged under 18 260,670 133,945 126,725
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 838,735 408,840 429,900
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 74,940 37,185 37,760
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 981,200 485,355 495,850
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 184,505 90,010 94,495
Before 1971 32,675 15,435 17,245
1971 to 1980 22,995 11,390 11,600
1981 to 1990 21,950 10,700 11,245
1991 to 2000 25,010 12,000 13,005
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 81,875 40,475 41,400
2001 to 2005 24,220 11,860 12,360
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 57,655 28,615 29,045
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 8,635 4,610 4,030
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 184,505 90,010 94,495
Under 5 years 21,580 10,840 10,735
5 to 14 years 37,210 18,810 18,400
15 to 24 years 41,035 19,420 21,615
25 to 44 years 70,285 34,280 36,005
45 years and over 14,390 6,655 7,740
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 981,200 485,355 495,850
Born in province of residence 836,205 415,210 420,995
Born outside province of residence 145,000 70,145 74,855
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 184,500 90,010 94,495
Americas 30,710 14,775 15,940
United States 7,415 3,230 4,180
Jamaica 1,350 610 740
Guyana 1,095 475 625
Haiti 105 40 60
Mexico 6,605 3,300 3,305
Trinidad and Tobago 1,750 795 955
Colombia 1,090 605 485
El Salvador 2,400 1,335 1,065
Peru 265 145 125
Chile 795 420 370
Other places of birth in Americas 7,840 3,825 4,015
Europe 57,525 28,480 29,050
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 13,235 6,405 6,830
Italy 3,030 1,670 1,360
Germany 10,850 5,475 5,375
Poland 5,520 2,305 3,215
Portugal 4,060 2,170 1,890
Netherlands 2,500 1,285 1,220
France 820 435 385
Romania 775 435 340
Russian Federation 3,890 1,820 2,070
Greece 665 375 295
Ukraine 4,015 1,985 2,030
Croatia 1,085 550 540
Hungary 770 430 340
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,065 490 570
Serbia 405 205 195
Ireland, Republic of 555 275 285
Other places of birth in Europe 4,285 2,180 2,100
Africa 11,250 5,850 5,395
Morocco 385 220 165
Algeria 45 25 20
Egypt 570 300 270
South Africa, Republic of 945 485 455
Nigeria 1,445 820 620
Ethiopia 1,655 835 820
Kenya 580 300 275
Other places of birth in Africa 5,625 2,855 2,770
Asia 84,310 40,525 43,785
India 12,175 6,205 5,975
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 7,205 3,495 3,710
Philippines 45,240 21,075 24,165
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,510 735 775
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 3,440 1,740 1,700
Pakistan 1,705 935 770
Sri Lanka 755 385 375
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 885 520 365
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,210 990 1,225
Lebanon 130 80 50
Taiwan 280 135 140
Iraq 655 345 310
Bangladesh 385 195 190
Afghanistan 700 355 345
Japan 250 70 185
Turkey 155 55 100
Other places of birth in Asia 6,625 3,210 3,410
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 705 380 330
Fiji 40 30 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 670 350 325
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 8,640 4,605 4,030
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 57,655 28,615 29,040
Americas 5,210 2,705 2,505
United States 1,025 465 565
Mexico 695 350 350
Cuba 30 20 0
Haiti 35 0 20
Jamaica 95 45 55
Brazil 100 45 50
Colombia 815 465 350
Guyana 95 55 40
Peru 115 50 60
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 2,185 1,195 990
Europe 7,695 3,910 3,785
France 110 55 50
Germany 3,050 1,495 1,555
Poland 125 40 90
Romania 60 30 35
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 125 65 60
Russian Federation 1,570 775 795
Ukraine 1,005 575 425
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 790 415 375
Other places of birth in Europe 865 460 400
Africa 5,145 2,560 2,585
Nigeria 895 475 420
Ethiopia 690 315 375
Mauritius 145 75 75
Somalia 215 130 85
Algeria 25 0 0
Egypt 250 150 100
Morocco 145 95 45
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 45 30 15
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 475 225 255
South Africa, Republic of 250 130 120
Other places of birth in Africa 1,990 920 1,075
Asia 39,435 19,320 20,110
Philippines 22,815 10,990 11,825
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,335 1,700 1,635
India 6,095 3,205 2,885
Pakistan 660 355 300
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 380 210 170
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,275 585 685
Sri Lanka 205 95 110
Iraq 340 165 175
Bangladesh 235 120 115
Lebanon 15 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 425 220 205
Taiwan 55 25 30
Afghanistan 125 65 60
Japan 75 0 60
Turkey 20 0 0
Israel 515 260 260
Nepal 140 65 75
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 75 15 60
United Arab Emirates 80 40 40
Saudi Arabia 95 60 35
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 175 80 90
Other places of birth in Asia 2,315 1,035 1,275
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 170 115 55
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 196,720 96,600 100,120
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 197,860 95,825 102,035
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 779,770 387,545 392,220
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 153,625 76,350 77,280
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 25,265 12,695 12,575
Chinese 17,025 8,505 8,515
Black 19,610 10,095 9,515
Filipino 59,220 28,415 30,805
Latin American 9,140 4,920 4,220
Arab 3,235 1,730 1,510
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 7,565 3,915 3,650
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 2,040 1,025 1,015
Korean 3,045 1,365 1,680
Japanese 1,745 765 980
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,765 940 820
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 3,975 1,980 1,995
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 1,020,715 503,620 517,100
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
North American Aboriginal origins 199,940 97,615 102,325
First Nations (North American Indian) 130,075 63,395 66,675
Inuit 760 275 485
Métis 77,025 38,110 38,915
Other North American origins 224,100 110,695 113,405
Acadian 700 365 335
American 9,140 4,320 4,825
Canadian 216,860 107,195 109,670
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 300 215 85
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 300 125 180
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 180 95 85
European origins 841,985 414,405 427,580
British Isles origins 434,220 212,260 221,965
Channel Islander 10 0 0
Cornish 65 50 15
English 255,535 123,740 131,795
Irish 155,450 74,030 81,425
Manx 165 65 105
Scottish 210,810 102,790 108,025
Welsh 17,555 8,805 8,750
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 18,360 9,095 9,260
French origins 147,805 72,095 75,715
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 150 95 60
French 147,775 72,080 75,695
Western European origins (except French origins) 285,195 140,170 145,025
Austrian 12,660 6,140 6,520
Belgian 20,455 9,910 10,540
Dutch 54,990 27,615 27,375
Flemish 1,760 680 1,080
Frisian 235 150 85
German 218,490 107,245 111,245
Luxembourger 110 40 70
Swiss 5,690 2,875 2,815
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 60 45 15
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 79,925 38,435 41,495
Danish 7,880 3,690 4,185
Finnish 3,850 1,970 1,885
Icelandic 30,025 14,770 15,255
Norwegian 20,790 9,770 11,025
Swedish 22,580 10,535 12,040
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 2,050 940 1,105
Eastern European origins 275,485 135,100 140,380
Bulgarian 180 90 90
Byelorussian 465 245 215
Czech 4,305 2,090 2,215
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 2,270 985 1,280
Estonian 350 140 210
Hungarian 9,170 4,520 4,645
Latvian 1,115 475 630
Lithuanian 1,495 840 655
Moldovan 70 45 30
Polish 85,410 40,845 44,560
Romanian 5,180 2,495 2,680
Russian 50,640 24,455 26,185
Slovak 1,730 820 905
Ukrainian 174,990 86,755 88,235
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 495 285 210
Southern European origins 55,800 27,580 28,220
Albanian 265 135 130
Bosnian 800 335 465
Croatian 2,635 1,250 1,385
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 3,175 1,640 1,535
Italian 21,960 11,120 10,840
Kosovar 105 55 55
Macedonian 230 120 115
Maltese 235 140 95
Montenegrin 20 0 0
Portuguese 12,685 6,305 6,375
Serbian 1,445 715 730
Sicilian 160 65 100
Slovenian 1,265 515 740
Spanish 12,230 5,760 6,475
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,275 645 625
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 25 0 0
Other European origins 15,275 7,645 7,625
Basque 55 50 0
Jewish 13,150 6,365 6,785
Roma (Gypsy) 145 70 75
Slavic, n.o.s. 165 80 80
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,835 1,110 720
Caribbean origins 8,605 4,345 4,260
Antiguan 65 45 20
Bahamian 90 45 45
Barbadian 890 500 390
Bermudan 40 0 0
Carib 90 35 60
Cuban 170 80 90
Dominican 125 85 35
Grenadian 85 45 45
Haitian 180 75 105
Jamaican 3,440 1,725 1,715
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 20 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 30 0 30
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,715 960 750
Vincentian/Grenadinian 290 115 175
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,445 640 805
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 485 320 165
Latin, Central and South American origins 17,845 9,190 8,655
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 310 160 145
Argentinian 295 175 120
Belizean 70 35 35
Bolivian 245 95 150
Brazilian 370 185 185
Chilean 1,310 655 655
Colombian 1,030 555 470
Costa Rican 85 35 50
Ecuadorian 100 55 45
Guatemalan 445 230 215
Guyanese 860 480 380
Hispanic 260 155 110
Honduran 490 255 230
Maya 195 115 80
Mexican 6,420 3,305 3,115
Nicaraguan 310 155 155
Panamanian 40 15 25
Paraguayan 1,585 805 780
Peruvian 370 160 210
Salvadorean 3,125 1,665 1,460
Uruguayan 30 0 20
Venezuelan 120 40 80
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 685 325 360
African origins 18,015 9,385 8,630
Central and West African origins 4,010 2,190 1,820
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 20 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 20 15 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 80 45 35
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 840 440 400
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 25 20 0
Ghanaian 330 170 160
Guinean 40 25 0
Ibo 145 70 75
Ivorian 55 35 20
Liberian 35 20 0
Malian 45 25 20
Nigerian 1,490 875 615
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 65 15 50
Sierra Leonean 160 80 80
Togolese 125 80 50
Yoruba 315 140 175
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 530 245 290
North African origins 2,700 1,530 1,180
Algerian 65 35 35
Berber 90 55 35
Coptic 160 80 75
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 700 400 300
Libyan 300 140 155
Maure 15 0 0
Moroccan 530 295 240
Sudanese 990 565 425
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 40 30 0
Southern and East African origins 6,740 3,350 3,395
Afrikaner 50 45 0
Amhara 220 135 90
Bantu, n.o.s. 50 25 25
Burundian 140 80 55
Eritrean 1,070 500 575
Ethiopian 1,980 880 1,105
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 375 160 210
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 65 45 25
Oromo 120 65 60
Rwandan 365 195 175
Seychellois 55 35 25
Somali 930 465 470
South African 615 325 295
Tanzanian 175 85 90
Tigrian 95 55 35
Ugandan 140 55 85
Zambian 145 65 85
Zimbabwean 110 30 85
Zulu 45 30 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 400 220 180
Other African origins 5,150 2,635 2,510
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 805 390 420
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 4,380 2,270 2,105
Asian origins 126,600 61,960 64,640
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 8,130 4,140 3,995
Afghan 1,035 505 525
Arab, n.o.s. 865 480 385
Armenian 320 190 130
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 65 35 25
Georgian 95 50 45
Iranian 1,265 660 600
Iraqi 615 290 320
Israeli 340 165 175
Jordanian 40 25 15
Kazakh 130 65 65
Kurd 260 135 125
Kuwaiti 25 0 0
Lebanese 1,760 895 860
Palestinian 550 265 285
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 115 55 55
Syrian 545 255 285
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 15 0 0
Turk 500 220 280
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 55 25 30
Yemeni 65 40 25
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 195 105 90
South Asian origins 26,220 13,050 13,170
Bangladeshi 320 150 165
Bengali 125 50 75
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 21,705 10,760 10,950
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 20 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 470 240 230
Pakistani 1,810 895 915
Punjabi 1,580 800 775
Sinhalese 265 155 110
Sri Lankan 790 395 395
Tamil 170 120 50
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 580 310 270
East and Southeast Asian origins 92,450 44,895 47,555
Burmese 110 30 75
Cambodian (Khmer) 545 265 280
Chinese 22,600 11,225 11,380
Filipino 61,270 29,485 31,790
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 770 470 295
Japanese 2,335 1,025 1,300
Korean 3,190 1,420 1,770
Laotian 1,325 690 635
Malaysian 330 145 185
Mongolian 120 50 65
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 195 70 125
Thai 470 215 250
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 4,665 2,375 2,285
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 565 320 250
Other Asian origins 530 245 290
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 530 240 290
Oceania origins 1,285 710 570
Australian 705 325 380
New Zealander 255 140 115
Pacific Islands origins 335 250 85
Fijian 55 45 0
Hawaiian 40 25 10
Maori 85 55 30
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 75 75 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 85 55 30
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,174,345 579,970 594,380
Buddhist 6,770 3,280 3,490
Christian 803,640 382,310 421,335
Anglican 67,040 30,975 36,070
Baptist 19,815 9,655 10,160
Catholic 309,455 150,275 159,175
Christian Orthodox 14,665 7,080 7,585
Lutheran 40,915 19,225 21,685
Pentecostal 22,665 10,755 11,910
Presbyterian 9,760 4,455 5,305
United Church 130,220 59,080 71,140
Other Christian 189,110 90,815 98,295
Hindu 7,720 3,875 3,850
Jewish 11,110 5,460 5,650
Muslim 12,405 6,340 6,065
Sikh 10,200 5,115 5,080
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 7,155 3,415 3,740
Other religions 4,245 1,840 2,405
No religious affiliation 311,105 168,335 142,765
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,174,350 579,965 594,375
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 195,895 95,605 100,290
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 114,225 55,025 59,205
Métis single identity 78,830 39,260 39,570
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 580 180 400
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 1,200 615 585
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,055 525 530
Non-Aboriginal identity 978,445 484,365 494,080
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,174,345 579,965 594,375
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 110,800 53,115 57,685
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,063,545 526,850 536,690
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 199,945 97,615 102,325
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 130,070 63,395 66,675
Métis ancestry 77,020 38,110 38,915
Inuit ancestry 760 275 490
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 974,405 482,355 492,050
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 294,305 143,240 151,065
Aboriginal languages 43,250 21,100 22,145
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 23,470 11,515 11,955
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 10,170 4,805 5,360
Oji-Cree 7,700 3,815 3,890
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 1,200 595 600
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 170 50 115
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 1,210 615 595
Non-Aboriginal languages 251,130 122,160 128,965
Italian 5,675 2,980 2,690
Portuguese 7,125 3,555 3,575
Romanian 955 540 420
Spanish 19,165 9,520 9,645
Dutch 3,695 1,885 1,810
Flemish 385 155 230
German 66,150 32,830 33,315
Yiddish 780 360 415
Danish 325 170 150
Norwegian 190 50 135
Swedish 405 200 205
Afrikaans 695 390 300
Gaelic languages 80 30 50
Bosnian 715 310 405
Bulgarian 155 100 60
Croatian 1,240 635 605
Czech 855 380 480
Macedonian 175 90 85
Polish 8,420 3,850 4,570
Russian 9,305 4,575 4,725
Serbian 980 500 480
Serbo-Croatian 505 235 270
Slovak 325 160 160
Slovenian 360 150 210
Ukrainian 21,565 9,845 11,715
Latvian 70 30 45
Lithuanian 120 65 60
Greek 1,505 755 755
Armenian 65 40 30
Albanian 315 165 150
Estonian 30 20 0
Finnish 230 95 135
Hungarian 1,330 660 670
Turkish 265 125 145
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 310 170 145
Somali 740 380 360
Amharic 1,720 880 835
Arabic 5,065 2,685 2,380
Hebrew 2,690 1,470 1,220
Maltese 30 25 0
Tigrigna 1,045 550 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 0
Bengali 790 440 345
Gujarati 1,460 735 725
Hindi 7,520 3,985 3,535
Konkani 60 25 30
Marathi 95 60 35
Panjabi (Punjabi) 12,555 6,390 6,160
Sindhi 105 55 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 565 290 270
Urdu 2,720 1,345 1,375
Nepali 665 305 355
Kurdish 265 130 135
Pashto 145 70 80
Persian (Farsi) 2,010 1,105 910
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55
Kannada 80 50 25
Malayalam 370 180 190
Tamil 605 365 235
Telugu 165 105 65
Japanese 970 455 510
Korean 3,000 1,370 1,630
Cantonese 4,580 2,220 2,355
Fukien 45 25 25
Hakka 40 25 15
Mandarin 3,810 1,965 1,845
Taiwanese 105 45 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,665 3,770 3,890
Lao 1,005 505 500
Thai 450 230 220
Khmer (Cambodian) 535 240 295
Vietnamese 3,900 1,955 1,950
Bisayan languages 1,190 465 725
Ilocano 1,190 510 670
Malay 345 175 165
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 48,060 22,345 25,710
Akan (Twi) 135 65 70
Lingala 420 175 245
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 65 70
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 245 120 130
Swahili 1,250 595 650
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 485 205 275
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,055 525 530
African languages, n.i.e. 745 450 295
Creoles 900 515 390
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 6,185 2,950 3,235
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,159,205 572,220 586,990
Non-movers 1,013,830 501,025 512,805
Movers 145,380 71,195 74,180
Non-migrants 92,740 45,360 47,385
Migrants 52,635 25,835 26,800
Internal migrants 37,945 18,635 19,310
Intraprovincial migrants 26,875 13,100 13,770
Interprovincial migrants 11,070 5,535 5,540
External migrants 14,690 7,200 7,490
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,098,275 541,055 557,220
Non-movers 679,540 336,375 343,165
Movers 418,735 204,680 214,055
Non-migrants 247,815 120,560 127,260
Migrants 170,920 84,125 86,790
Internal migrants 115,660 56,540 59,120
Intraprovincial migrants 78,805 37,970 40,835
Interprovincial migrants 36,855 18,565 18,290
External migrants 55,260 27,585 27,670
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 946,940 463,120 483,820
No certificate, diploma or degree 237,615 123,235 114,380
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 262,500 126,430 136,070
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 446,835 213,460 233,375
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 89,285 56,815 32,470
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 150,445 62,255 88,195
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 38,600 16,780 21,820
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 168,495 77,610 90,890
Bachelor's degree 113,345 49,385 63,960
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 55,150 28,225 26,925
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 623,940 306,880 317,060
No certificate, diploma or degree 107,020 59,750 47,270
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 159,495 78,200 81,300
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 357,425 168,935 188,490
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 66,200 41,875 24,330
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 120,155 50,680 69,470
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 29,485 12,895 16,595
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 141,580 63,480 78,095
Bachelor's degree 96,035 41,330 54,710
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 45,550 22,155 23,390
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 946,945 463,125 483,820
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 500,105 249,665 250,445
Education 45,015 12,430 32,585
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 13,045 6,305 6,740
Humanities 23,545 10,080 13,470
Social and behavioural sciences and law 38,930 13,615 25,315
Business, management and public administration 87,805 31,950 55,855
Physical and life sciences and technologies 14,210 7,420 6,790
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 15,845 9,740 6,105
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 89,765 84,345 5,415
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 13,505 9,975 3,530
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 78,935 14,395 64,540
Personal, protective and transportation services 26,190 13,205 12,985
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 45 0 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 946,945 463,120 483,820
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 500,110 249,660 250,450
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 446,835 213,460 233,375
Location of study inside Canada 385,810 181,895 203,915
Same as province or territory of residence 337,325 156,430 180,890
Another province or territory 48,490 25,465 23,025
Location of study outside Canada 61,020 31,565 29,460
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 681,805 354,655 327,145
Single responses 676,720 352,330 324,390
English 663,080 345,790 317,295
French 5,930 2,060 3,865
Non-official languages 7,710 4,480 3,225
Chinese, n.o.s. 680 420 260
Cantonese 220 120 95
Panjabi (Punjabi) 280 185 95
Mandarin 80 50 30
Spanish 305 155 145
Korean 115 75 45
German 1,455 940 515
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 1,535 920 610
Portuguese 195 105 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 2,845 1,510 1,335
Multiple responses 5,090 2,325 2,760
English and French 2,155 790 1,365
English and non-official language 2,875 1,505 1,375
French and non-official language 10 0 0
English, French and non-official language 45 25 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 681,805 354,660 327,145
English 663,085 345,785 317,295
French 5,925 2,060 3,870
Non-official language 7,705 4,485 3,225
Aboriginal 2,725 1,615 1,105
Non-Aboriginal 4,985 2,865 2,120
English and French 2,150 790 1,365
English and non-official language 2,875 1,500 1,370
French and non-official language 10 0 0
English, French and non-official language 45 25 20
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 946,945 463,125 483,820
In the labour force 636,835 334,160 302,675
Employed 597,290 312,870 284,425
Unemployed 39,550 21,295 18,255
Not in the labour force 310,105 128,960 181,145
Participation rate 67.3 72.2 62.6
Employment rate 63.1 67.6 58.8
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.4 6.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 636,835 334,165 302,675
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 11,035 5,165 5,865
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 625,805 328,995 296,810
Employee 560,320 284,905 275,410
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 65,490 44,090 21,395
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 636,835 334,165 302,675
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 11,030 5,165 5,865
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 625,810 328,995 296,810
0 Management occupations 69,775 45,005 24,770
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 97,840 28,285 69,560
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 33,630 26,800 6,835
3 Health occupations 46,560 9,570 36,985
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 82,195 27,695 54,500
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 13,470 5,995 7,475
6 Sales and service occupations 140,965 59,645 81,320
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 95,085 90,405 4,680
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 17,380 13,985 3,395
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 28,895 21,600 7,290
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 636,835 334,160 302,675
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 11,035 5,165 5,865
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 625,805 328,995 296,810
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 27,385 20,095 7,290
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 5,325 4,850 480
22 Utilities 8,040 6,165 1,875
23 Construction 41,385 36,980 4,410
31-33 Manufacturing 55,295 42,010 13,280
41 Wholesale trade 21,555 15,480 6,080
44-45 Retail trade 68,720 32,305 36,415
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 33,355 26,295 7,060
51 Information and cultural industries 11,485 6,085 5,400
52 Finance and insurance 26,045 8,990 17,055
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 8,105 4,560 3,545
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 26,880 14,770 12,110
55 Management of companies and enterprises 505 325 185
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 21,285 12,475 8,805
61 Educational services 52,525 16,905 35,615
62 Health care and social assistance 83,700 16,100 67,600
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 12,495 6,475 6,020
72 Accommodation and food services 40,490 16,070 24,415
81 Other services (except public administration) 27,535 13,795 13,735
91 Public administration 53,690 28,260 25,435
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 636,840 334,160 302,675
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 29,465 14,075 15,390
Worked in 2010 607,375 320,085 287,285
1 to 13 weeks 29,335 13,615 15,725
14 to 26 weeks 46,700 23,150 23,545
27 to 39 weeks 34,235 17,505 16,725
40 to 48 weeks 85,245 43,300 41,940
49 to 52 weeks 411,865 222,520 189,345
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.6 44.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 636,835 334,160 302,675
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 29,465 14,075 15,390
Worked in 2010 607,370 320,085 287,285
Worked full-time in 2010 479,555 275,845 203,705
Worked part-time in 2010 127,825 44,245 83,580
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 597,285 312,870 284,420
Worked at home 40,475 22,740 17,735
Worked outside Canada 1,500 985 515
No fixed workplace address 66,110 50,710 15,400
Worked at usual place 489,200 238,425 250,770
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 555,310 289,140 266,170
Car, truck or van - as a driver 409,350 226,570 182,780
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 40,080 15,160 24,915
Public transit 51,015 20,925 30,085
Walked 37,530 16,105 21,430
Bicycle 9,615 6,715 2,895
Other methods 7,725 3,660 4,065
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 555,315 289,140 266,175
Median commuting duration 20.0 20.2 15.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 555,310 289,135 266,175
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 123,815 80,830 42,985
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 320,355 153,930 166,425
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 111,145 54,375 56,770
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 465,805 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 416,110 ... ...
Major repairs needed 49,695 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 465,805 ... ...
1960 or before 149,310 ... ...
1961 to 1980 157,420 ... ...
1981 to 1990 69,440 ... ...
1991 to 2000 40,705 ... ...
2001 to 2005 21,620 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 27,310 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 465,805 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 118,455 ... ...
5 rooms 80,180 ... ...
6 rooms 75,395 ... ...
7 rooms 63,075 ... ...
8 or more rooms 128,695 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 465,800 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 67,545 ... ...
2 bedrooms 113,225 ... ...
3 bedrooms 171,960 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 113,075 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 465,800 ... ...
Owner 326,435 ... ...
Renter 127,215 ... ...
Band housing 12,150 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 465,805 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 27,795 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 438,005 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 465,800 ... ...
1 household maintainer 284,085 ... ...
2 household maintainers 174,105 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 7,610 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 465,805 ... ...
Under 25 years 17,850 ... ...
25 to 34 years 69,510 ... ...
35 to 44 years 81,245 ... ...
45 to 54 years 101,690 ... ...
55 to 64 years 87,805 ... ...
65 to 74 years 54,400 ... ...
75 years and over 53,295 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 465,805 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 452,570 ... ...
More than one person per room 13,235 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 465,805 ... ...
Suitable 432,995 ... ...
Not suitable 32,805 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 439,200 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 354,135 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 85,065 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 69,065 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 314,425 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 780 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 901 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 219,915 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 238,861 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 125,655 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 19.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 35.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 689 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 716 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 946,945 463,120 483,820
Without income 45,905 21,635 24,270
With income 901,035 441,490 459,545
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 94,375 46,905 47,470
$5,000 to $9,999 68,530 25,370 43,160
$10,000 to $14,999 80,410 30,200 50,215
$15,000 to $19,999 83,785 31,360 52,420
$20,000 to $29,999 135,385 56,925 78,460
$30,000 to $39,999 123,090 59,635 63,450
$40,000 to $49,999 95,695 51,335 44,365
$50,000 to $59,999 66,930 40,975 25,960
$60,000 to $79,999 82,785 50,390 32,395
$80,000 to $99,999 36,310 23,460 12,850
$100,000 and over 33,740 24,940 8,800
$100,000 to $124,999 16,840 11,970 4,875
$125,000 and over 16,900 12,975 3,925
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,029 35,055 24,227
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,696 42,867 30,768
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 946,945 463,120 483,820
Without after-tax income 46,025 21,620 24,405
With after-tax income 900,915 441,500 459,415
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 96,305 47,340 48,965
$5,000 to $9,999 70,565 25,790 44,775
$10,000 to $14,999 85,085 32,340 52,745
$15,000 to $19,999 94,385 36,065 58,325
$20,000 to $29,999 166,025 72,575 93,450
$30,000 to $39,999 142,760 73,675 69,085
$40,000 to $49,999 97,635 57,510 40,125
$50,000 to $59,999 60,970 37,665 23,305
$60,000 to $79,999 58,015 36,890 21,125
$80,000 to $99,999 15,945 11,435 4,510
$100,000 and over 13,230 10,220 3,010
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,150 30,927 22,284
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,702 35,163 26,415
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.5 91.1 82.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 75.4 78.7 70.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.0 73.2 68.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.4 5.6 2.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.7 3.5 4.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.0 7.5 6.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.4 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.5 8.9 17.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.9 3.4 4.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.4 2.6 4.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.2 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.2 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.5 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.3 18.0 14.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.7 82.0 85.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.5 1.5 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 352,410 202,560 149,850
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,621 47,872 39,515
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,037 55,679 44,761
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 323,265 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,404 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,761 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,819 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,695 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 120,475 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,414 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,766 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,624 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,340 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 144,335 ... ...
Median family income ($) 90,519 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,828 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 77,622 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 85,104 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 47,340 ... ...
Median family income ($) 41,379 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,161 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,788 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 43,343 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 166,010 80,310 85,705
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,907 30,912 25,076
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,118 36,320 32,055
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,288 27,306 23,308
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,953 30,304 27,687
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,174,345 579,970 594,375
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 660,510 317,380 343,130
In bottom decile 145,455 69,970 75,485
In second decile 139,150 62,290 76,860
In third decile 128,005 61,795 66,210
In fourth decile 125,830 62,100 63,735
In fifth decile 122,070 61,235 60,840
In top half of the Canadian distribution 513,835 262,585 251,250
In sixth decile 120,140 60,825 59,315
In seventh decile 114,245 58,000 56,250
In eighth decile 109,705 55,825 53,880
In ninth decile 97,070 50,085 46,985
In top decile 72,660 37,855 34,810
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 465,805 ... ...
Under $5,000 13,550 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 11,410 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 14,335 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 27,040 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 44,110 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 47,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 45,370 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,855 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 68,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 51,095 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 42,305 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 25,505 ... ...
$150,000 and over 35,175 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 465,805 ... ...
Under $5,000 13,740 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 11,585 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 14,945 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 29,025 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 51,945 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 56,815 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 53,025 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 46,440 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 75,790 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 48,410 ... ...
$100,000 and over 64,085 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 33,810 ... ...
$125,000 and over 30,275 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 465,805 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 57,299 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 70,984 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 50,392 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 59,381 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 130,900 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,542 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 36,172 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 26,399 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,597 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 334,905 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 72,327 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 84,590 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 62,839 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,631 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,111,380 547,975 563,405
Less than 18 years 252,425 129,375 123,050
Less than 6 years 80,810 41,565 39,250
18 to 64 years 703,965 347,935 356,030
65 years and over 154,995 70,665 84,325
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 181,945 82,795 99,150
Less than 18 years 55,250 27,685 27,565
Less than 6 years 20,290 10,170 10,115
18 to 64 years 102,195 46,720 55,475
65 years and over 24,505 8,390 16,110
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 16.4 15.1 17.6
Less than 18 years (%) 21.9 21.4 22.4
Less than 6 years (%) 25.1 24.5 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 13.4 15.6
65 years and over (%) 15.8 11.9 19.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Manitoba (Code 46) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 20, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Manitoba

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.2%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Manitoba. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Manitoba

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,208,268  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 1,148,401 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 512,689 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 466,138 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.2 ... ...
Land area (square km) 552,329.52 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,208,270 594,550 613,715
0 to 4 years 77,185 39,280 37,905
5 to 9 years 74,620 38,380 36,240
10 to 14 years 79,355 40,965 38,395
15 to 19 years 86,215 44,180 42,035
15 years 17,085 8,740 8,345
16 years 17,405 8,925 8,480
17 years 17,570 9,110 8,460
18 years 16,965 8,635 8,330
19 years 17,185 8,770 8,420
20 to 24 years 82,925 41,935 40,990
25 to 29 years 78,185 38,900 39,285
30 to 34 years 75,260 36,995 38,265
35 to 39 years 75,575 37,475 38,095
40 to 44 years 77,770 38,455 39,320
45 to 49 years 90,090 44,695 45,395
50 to 54 years 89,970 44,940 45,025
55 to 59 years 79,770 39,350 40,420
60 to 64 years 68,895 33,730 35,170
65 to 69 years 50,240 24,400 25,840
70 to 74 years 38,425 18,035 20,390
75 to 79 years 31,575 14,100 17,475
80 to 84 years 25,545 10,400 15,145
85 years and over 26,665 8,345 18,320
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.4 37.2 39.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.9 80.0 81.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 977,105 475,930 501,175
Married or living with a common-law partner 558,510 279,295 279,210
Married (and not separated) 480,140 240,170 239,970
Living common law 78,370 39,125 39,245
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 418,600 196,640 221,965
Single (never legally married) 282,465 152,410 130,050
Separated 23,620 10,530 13,090
Divorced 52,215 22,000 30,215
Widowed 60,300 11,700 48,610
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 327,875 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 160,325 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 67,940 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 63,665 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 35,945 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 327,875 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 271,685 ... ...
Married couples 232,635 ... ...
Without children at home 106,390 ... ...
With children at home 126,245 ... ...
1 child 44,755 ... ...
2 children 52,455 ... ...
3 or more children 29,030 ... ...
Common-law couples 39,055 ... ...
Without children at home 21,760 ... ...
With children at home 17,295 ... ...
1 child 7,700 ... ...
2 children 5,620 ... ...
3 or more children 3,975 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 56,190 ... ...
Female parent 43,855 ... ...
1 child 24,365 ... ...
2 children 12,280 ... ...
3 or more children 7,210 ... ...
Male parent 12,330 ... ...
1 child 7,815 ... ...
2 children 3,200 ... ...
3 or more children 1,315 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 378,375 ... ...
Under six years of age 88,290 ... ...
6 to 14 years 133,190 ... ...
15 to 17 years 48,565 ... ...
18 to 24 years 73,525 ... ...
25 years and over 34,795 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,175,160 579,815 595,350
Number of persons not in census families 197,225 94,405 102,815
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 31,645 14,940 16,695
Living with non-relatives only 34,105 19,710 14,390
Living alone 131,480 59,755 71,720
Number of census family persons 977,935 485,410 492,535
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 157,685 70,760 86,930
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 55,770 15,830 39,945
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,415 1,335 4,075
Living with non-relatives only 1,840 900 935
Living alone 48,525 13,595 34,930
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 101,910 54,925 46,985
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 466,135 ... ...
Census-family households 317,470 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 289,230 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 247,500 ... ...
Without children 118,355 ... ...
With children 129,145 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 41,725 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 28,245 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 18,575 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 12,050 ... ...
Without children 4,285 ... ...
With children 7,770 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 6,525 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 9,665 ... ...
Non-census-family households 148,665 ... ...
One-person households 131,475 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 17,190 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 466,140 ... ...
Single-detached house 322,800 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 37,670 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 8,545 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 97,125 ... ...
Semi-detached house 14,445 ... ...
Row house 14,435 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,110 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 61,410 ... ...
Other single-attached house 730 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 466,140 ... ...
1 person 131,475 ... ...
2 persons 155,355 ... ...
3 persons 67,745 ... ...
4 persons 64,575 ... ...
5 persons 27,885 ... ...
6 or more persons 19,105 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,175,160 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,193,095 588,095 605,000
  Single responses  1,168,575 576,410 592,165
    English  869,990 432,080 437,905
    French  42,090 20,140 21,945
    Non-official languages  256,500 124,185 132,315
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 34,605 16,990 17,615
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  18,970 9,330 9,635
        Dene  1,005 470 530
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  80 20 65
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  7,760 3,715 4,045
        Oji-Cree  6,785 3,445 3,340
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 218,330 105,485 112,840
        African languages, n.i.e 530 295 235
        Afrikaans  455 240 215
        Akan (Twi)  115 60 50
        Albanian  310 145 160
        Amharic  1,325 675 650
        Arabic  3,015 1,685 1,330
        Armenian  40 30 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 255 135 115
        Bengali  700 390 305
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 5 0
        Bisayan languages  845 365 480
        Bosnian  605 310 300
        Bulgarian  125 60 70
        Burmese  60 35 25
        Cantonese  3,390 1,615 1,780
        Chinese, n.o.s.  7,570 3,810 3,765
        Creoles  495 240 255
        Croatian  1,070 510 560
        Czech  725 365 355
        Danish  305 170 135
        Dutch  3,150 1,555 1,590
        Estonian  40 20 20
        Finnish  245 100 145
        Flemish  430 160 270
        Fukien  35 15 15
        German  67,155 32,325 34,830
        Greek  1,160 600 560
        Gujarati  1,220 635 580
        Hakka  30 10 15
        Hebrew  345 185 160
        Hindi  1,420 735 685
        Hungarian  1,405 655 745
        Ilocano  915 410 505
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 50 30 25
        Italian  4,140 2,105 2,035
        Japanese  470 165 305
        Khmer (Cambodian)  275 140 135
        Korean  2,795 1,345 1,450
        Kurdish  365 190 175
        Lao  900 465 435
        Latvian  110 45 65
        Lingala  50 20 25
        Lithuanian  105 40 65
        Macedonian  135 65 70
        Malay  125 55 65
        Malayalam  350 185 170
        Maltese  30 15 15
        Mandarin  2,355 1,155 1,200
        Marathi  55 35 30
        Nepali  330 165 160
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 580 295 285
        Norwegian  140 55 80
        Oromo  350 190 160
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  9,870 5,065 4,810
        Pashto  190 90 100
        Persian (Farsi)  1,595 830 770
        Polish  7,365 3,320 4,045
        Portuguese  6,100 2,995 3,110
        Romanian  655 315 340
        Rundi (Kirundi)  85 45 45
        Russian  6,730 3,370 3,360
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  155 75 80
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Serbian  595 305 295
        Serbo-Croatian  320 150 160
        Shanghainese  15 0 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 165 90 75
        Sindhi  60 30 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  515 265 255
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 385 195 190
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 115 55 60
        Slovak  455 205 245
        Slovenian  310 145 165
        Somali  800 420 380
        Spanish  8,825 4,465 4,365
        Swahili  580 300 285
        Swedish  215 80 135
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  34,260 15,985 18,280
        Taiwanese  65 30 35
        Tamil  405 215 190
        Telugu  155 80 70
        Thai  215 70 140
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  940 485 460
        Turkish  175 105 75
        Ukrainian  17,290 7,680 9,615
        Urdu  1,660 860 805
        Vietnamese  3,325 1,615 1,710
        Yiddish  480 230 255
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 3,565 1,710 1,855
  Multiple responses          24,525 11,695 12,830
    English and French  3,795 1,790 2,005
    English and non-official language  18,940 9,030 9,910
    French and non-official language  1,425 710 710
    English, French and non-official language 365 160 205
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,193,095 588,100 605,000
  English only 1,074,335 534,555 539,775
  French only 1,490 670 820
  English and French 103,140 46,720 56,420
  Neither English nor French 14,135 6,150 7,980
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,193,095 588,100 604,995
  English 1,136,685 561,690 575,000
  French 39,995 19,135 20,860
  English and French 2,740 1,345 1,395
  Neither English nor French 13,675 5,925 7,745
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 41,365 19,810 21,555
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.5 3.4 3.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,193,095 588,095 604,995
  Single responses 1,150,560 567,470 583,095
    English 1,007,325 497,620 509,710
    French 17,950 8,180 9,775
    Non-official languages 125,280 61,670 63,615
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 21,035 10,825 10,215
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 10,845 5,575 5,265
        Dene 680 325 360
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 3,695 1,905 1,785
        Oji-Cree 5,805 3,015 2,790
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 103,135 50,265 52,865
        African languages, n.i.e. 180 95 90
        Afrikaans 255 130 125
        Akan (Twi) 45 15 30
        Albanian 165 70 95
        Amharic 800 385 410
        Arabic 1,935 1,020 915
        Armenian 10 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
        Bengali 405 215 185
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 0 0
        Bisayan languages 330 145 180
        Bosnian 360 175 185
        Bulgarian 80 40 45
        Burmese 40 20 15
        Cantonese 2,330 1,095 1,235
        Chinese, n.o.s. 5,730 2,915 2,820
        Creoles 250 100 150
        Croatian 370 175 195
        Czech 140 70 70
        Danish 15 10 5
        Dutch 355 160 190
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 30 15 15
        Flemish 25 10 15
        Fukien 10 5 5
        German 27,180 13,205 13,975
        Greek 435 205 230
        Gujarati 755 380 370
        Hakka 5 5 5
        Hebrew 185 95 90
        Hindi 750 385 365
        Hungarian 300 115 185
        Ilocano 260 120 140
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Italian 1,190 540 650
        Japanese 155 65 90
        Khmer (Cambodian) 150 75 80
        Korean 2,265 1,115 1,150
        Kurdish 200 105 95
        Lao 500 235 260
        Latvian 15 10 10
        Lingala 20 10 10
        Lithuanian 20 10 10
        Macedonian 85 45 45
        Malay 30 15 20
        Malayalam 195 100 95
        Maltese 10 0 5
        Mandarin 1,845 950 890
        Marathi 25 15 10
        Nepali 245 120 120
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80
        Norwegian 15 5 5
        Oromo 230 110 120
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 7,360 3,745 3,620
        Pashto 140 60 75
        Persian (Farsi) 1,100 540 560
        Polish 2,475 1,090 1,385
        Portuguese 2,490 1,165 1,330
        Romanian 240 115 125
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 35
        Russian 4,010 2,045 1,965
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 75 35 40
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Serbian 345 180 160
        Serbo-Croatian 160 80 85
        Shanghainese 10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 280 165 120
        Sindhi 25 15 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 255 120 130
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 350 180 175
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20
        Slovak 100 50 50
        Slovenian 60 20 45
        Somali 585 300 290
        Spanish 5,465 2,745 2,725
        Swahili 330 180 155
        Swedish 25 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,775 8,905 9,870
        Taiwanese 25 10 15
        Tamil 205 100 110
        Telugu 95 50 40
        Thai 85 40 50
        Tibetan languages 5 0 0
        Tigrigna 615 310 310
        Turkish 65 35 25
        Ukrainian 2,640 1,180 1,455
        Urdu 990 495 495
        Vietnamese 2,480 1,200 1,280
        Yiddish 25 15 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,110 570 535
  Multiple responses         42,535 20,630 21,905
    English and French 2,485 1,140 1,345
    English and non-official language 38,935 18,940 19,990
    French and non-official language 635 295 335
    English, French and non-official language 485 255 230
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,193,100 588,100 604,995
  None 1,025,280 507,295 517,990
  Single responses  164,945 79,450 85,490
    English  69,040 34,225 34,815
    French  19,215 8,750 10,470
    Non-official languages  76,690 36,475 40,210
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 14,680 6,920 7,760
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  9,185 4,350 4,830
        Dene  425 205 215
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  45 15 25
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  3,590 1,655 1,940
        Oji-Cree  1,440 695 745
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 60,250 28,765 31,485
        African languages, n.i.e 160 80 80
        Afrikaans  170 85 85
        Akan (Twi)  50 35 20
        Albanian  70 30 40
        Amharic  390 215 180
        Arabic  985 550 435
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 125 60 65
        Bengali  150 85 70
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  195 80 110
        Bosnian  150 85 60
        Bulgarian  15 5 5
        Burmese  30 15 10
        Cantonese  795 390 410
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,245 625 625
        Creoles  265 135 125
        Croatian  395 200 195
        Czech  205 100 105
        Danish  95 50 50
        Dutch  955 435 525
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  70 25 40
        Flemish  70 20 40
        Fukien  20 10 10
        German  16,975 8,110 8,865
        Greek  660 350 315
        Gujarati  210 120 95
        Hakka  10 0 5
        Hebrew  585 280 310
        Hindi  910 475 440
        Hungarian  390 165 230
        Ilocano  260 120 140
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Italian  1,645 840 810
        Japanese  270 120 150
        Khmer (Cambodian)  70 35 40
        Korean  370 165 205
        Kurdish  80 40 40
        Lao  270 135 140
        Latvian  25 10 20
        Lingala  55 25 30
        Lithuanian  25 10 15
        Macedonian  30 20 15
        Malay  45 20 25
        Malayalam  125 60 65
        Maltese  10 0 5
        Mandarin  505 215 285
        Marathi  15 5 5
        Nepali  40 20 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 490 255 235
        Norwegian  50 20 30
        Oromo  55 30 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,560 820 745
        Pashto  30 15 20
        Persian (Farsi)  290 155 135
        Polish  2,030 925 1,110
        Portuguese  2,465 1,205 1,260
        Romanian  185 85 100
        Rundi (Kirundi)  45 25 15
        Russian  1,955 955 1,000
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  60 25 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Serbian  145 65 80
        Serbo-Croatian  55 25 30
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 185 80 110
        Sindhi  25 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  235 115 120
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Slovak  110 40 70
        Slovenian  105 45 60
        Somali  145 75 75
        Spanish  3,530 1,770 1,765
        Swahili  350 175 175
        Swedish  85 40 50
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  8,295 3,725 4,570
        Taiwanese  20 15 10
        Tamil  140 75 70
        Telugu  30 20 15
        Thai  90 40 50
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  240 120 120
        Turkish  65 35 35
        Ukrainian  5,565 2,420 3,145
        Urdu  440 230 210
        Vietnamese  740 375 365
        Yiddish  115 50 65
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,760 795 970
  Multiple responses          2,875 1,355 1,520
    English and French  225 105 120
    English and non-official language  1,080 545 535
    French and non-official language  1,550 695 850
    English, French and non-official language  15 10 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Manitoba (Code 46) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 20, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Manitoba

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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