NHS Profile, Québec, , Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Québec, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 536,695 260,490 276,205
Canadian citizens 523,165 253,730 269,435
Canadian citizens aged under 18 88,410 44,955 43,450
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 434,755 208,770 225,980
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 13,535 6,765 6,770
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 536,700 260,495 276,205
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 505,880 244,825 261,055
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 28,135 14,250 13,890
Before 1971 2,730 1,580 1,155
1971 to 1980 2,105 1,310 795
1981 to 1990 3,005 1,550 1,455
1991 to 2000 4,780 2,280 2,500
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 15,515 7,525 7,985
2001 to 2005 5,960 2,960 3,000
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,555 4,570 4,985
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,675 1,420 1,255
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 28,135 14,250 13,885
Under 5 years 4,150 1,970 2,175
5 to 14 years 4,500 2,245 2,250
15 to 24 years 4,685 2,405 2,285
25 to 44 years 13,335 6,925 6,410
45 years and over 1,465 705 765
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 536,695 260,495 276,200
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 505,880 244,825 261,060
Born in province of residence 494,935 239,300 255,635
Born outside province of residence 10,945 5,520 5,425
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 28,140 14,250 13,885
Americas 7,090 3,440 3,650
United States 865 400 465
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 625 300 325
Mexico 620 235 385
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 2,460 1,175 1,285
El Salvador 275 145 125
Peru 320 130 185
Chile 390 225 170
Other places of birth in Americas 1,490 795 695
Europe 10,435 5,470 4,960
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 230 155 75
Italy 295 190 105
Germany 555 245 315
Poland 175 70 100
Portugal 350 155 200
Netherlands 50 30 25
France 4,985 2,645 2,340
Romania 630 295 335
Russian Federation 295 140 155
Greece 65 35 25
Ukraine 140 50 95
Croatia 65 40 20
Hungary 50 20 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 715 340 375
Serbia 60 35 30
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,755 1,015 740
Africa 6,390 3,640 2,750
Morocco 1,310 755 555
Algeria 1,125 610 510
Egypt 180 110 70
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 30 15 15
Other places of birth in Africa 3,730 2,145 1,585
Asia 4,195 1,675 2,525
India 95 65 35
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,320 265 1,055
Philippines 70 20 50
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 545 285 260
Pakistan 30 0 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 150 80 70
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 105 65 35
Lebanon 265 125 135
Taiwan 60 30 30
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 75 10 65
Afghanistan 50 25 20
Japan 100 0 75
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 1,285 635 650
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 25 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 20 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,675 1,420 1,255
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 9,555 4,570 4,985
Americas 2,920 1,375 1,545
United States 70 45 25
Mexico 270 110 160
Cuba 130 70 55
Haiti 135 45 80
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 410 230 180
Colombia 1,460 650 810
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 80 35 45
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 30 20 0
Other places of birth in Americas 330 160 170
Europe 2,400 1,125 1,270
France 1,495 720 775
Germany 55 20 40
Poland 15 0 15
Romania 170 70 100
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 40 25 15
Russian Federation 130 55 75
Ukraine 60 30 30
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 35 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 400 190 215
Africa 2,885 1,515 1,370
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 375 170 210
Egypt 30 20 0
Morocco 545 305 245
Tunisia 285 180 105
Cameroon 280 145 135
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 165 60 105
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,195 645 550
Asia 1,335 545 790
Philippines 15 0 10
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 275 50 225
India 20 0 0
Pakistan 15 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 70 35 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 25 0 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 10 60
Lebanon 40 0 20
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 110 50 65
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 15 0 0
Japan 45 0 35
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 195 105 85
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 415 205 205
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 536,695 260,490 276,205
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 32,015 16,235 15,780
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 18,130 9,170 8,960
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 486,545 235,090 251,460
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 536,700 260,495 276,205
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 20,755 10,430 10,325
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 865 460 410
Chinese 1,880 600 1,280
Black 5,885 3,070 2,810
Filipino 95 40 60
Latin American 5,155 2,525 2,630
Arab 3,855 2,190 1,665
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,795 890 905
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 260 120 140
Korean 165 105 55
Japanese 200 95 105
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 260 165 95
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 340 175 160
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 515,940 250,065 265,875
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 536,695 260,495 276,205
North American Aboriginal origins 15,010 6,825 8,185
First Nations (North American Indian) 13,255 6,055 7,200
Inuit 220 95 120
Métis 1,805 800 1,000
Other North American origins 387,275 185,925 201,355
Acadian 2,655 1,210 1,445
American 2,195 1,035 1,160
Canadian 371,530 178,445 193,085
New Brunswicker 55 0 25
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 15 0 0
Ontarian 40 0 35
Québécois 15,090 7,310 7,790
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 233,540 115,340 118,200
British Isles origins 41,935 20,485 21,455
Channel Islander 105 75 30
Cornish 0 0 0
English 8,205 4,140 4,065
Irish 28,330 13,575 14,750
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 10,065 4,920 5,145
Welsh 190 105 85
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 765 415 345
French origins 195,145 96,615 98,530
Alsatian 65 30 35
Breton 1,450 825 625
French 194,055 96,020 98,040
Western European origins (except French origins) 11,840 5,805 6,035
Austrian 260 135 125
Belgian 2,960 1,445 1,520
Dutch 855 425 430
Flemish 145 70 70
Frisian 0 0 0
German 6,940 3,365 3,575
Luxembourger 50 30 20
Swiss 1,135 630 510
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 70 35 35
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 810 430 385
Danish 185 110 75
Finnish 90 50 35
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 350 180 165
Swedish 155 80 75
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 55 20 35
Eastern European origins 4,655 2,205 2,450
Bulgarian 175 95 80
Byelorussian 85 0 60
Czech 145 75 70
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 50 25 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 680 285 400
Latvian 110 0 0
Lithuanian 100 35 55
Moldovan 40 25 15
Polish 1,305 615 690
Romanian 910 415 495
Russian 795 380 415
Slovak 130 80 50
Ukrainian 650 305 345
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 15 0 0
Southern European origins 12,270 5,875 6,395
Albanian 340 200 145
Bosnian 610 270 340
Croatian 205 115 90
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 545 240 305
Italian 6,080 2,950 3,135
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 15 0 10
Maltese 35 20 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,705 830 880
Serbian 255 155 100
Sicilian 40 0 25
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 3,030 1,450 1,580
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 145 75 65
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 940 445 495
Basque 240 120 120
Jewish 345 190 160
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 350 130 215
Caribbean origins 1,915 920 995
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 200 125 75
Dominican 125 70 55
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 1,295 625 675
Jamaican 125 50 80
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 40 15 30
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 40 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 100 30 70
Latin, Central and South American origins 6,165 2,970 3,190
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 265 100 165
Argentinian 85 45 35
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 75 30 45
Brazilian 445 260 180
Chilean 505 290 215
Colombian 2,650 1,230 1,420
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 65 45 25
Guatemalan 190 130 60
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 35 0 0
Honduran 35 0 25
Maya 50 0 35
Mexican 900 400 505
Nicaraguan 25 0 0
Panamanian 30 15 0
Paraguayan 20 0 20
Peruvian 345 160 185
Salvadorean 435 215 220
Uruguayan 30 0 30
Venezuelan 75 55 25
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 105 70 35
African origins 9,180 5,020 4,160
Central and West African origins 2,660 1,420 1,240
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 115 75 40
Burkinabe 25 15 15
Cameroonian 500 265 235
Chadian 35 20 20
Congolese 640 330 310
Gabonese 65 30 35
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 15 0
Guinean 45 25 20
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 300 160 140
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 125 70 50
Nigerian 105 35 70
Peulh 30 25 0
Senegalese 415 210 200
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 210 130 80
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 240 135 110
North African origins 4,510 2,440 2,070
Algerian 1,060 575 485
Berber 660 380 285
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 355 180 170
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 35 15 20
Moroccan 1,565 760 805
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 960 575 380
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 180 85 90
Southern and East African origins 1,320 720 600
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 35 0 35
Burundian 480 280 205
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 20 0 10
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 165 95 70
Mauritian 65 40 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 385 200 185
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 15 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 15 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 150 80 70
Other African origins 1,035 580 450
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 110 80 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 960 525 440
Asian origins 9,005 4,345 4,660
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,365 1,865 1,505
Afghan 85 40 40
Arab, n.o.s. 1,400 815 585
Armenian 270 115 160
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 245 115 125
Iraqi 20 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,005 560 445
Palestinian 15 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 225 135 90
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 105 55 50
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 20 15 0
South Asian origins 840 445 395
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 400 225 170
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 300 150 150
Pakistani 50 25 25
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 15 0 0
Tamil 20 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 140 75 65
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,800 2,040 2,760
Burmese 120 65 50
Cambodian (Khmer) 620 280 340
Chinese 2,380 850 1,535
Filipino 110 40 70
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 30 15 10
Japanese 230 95 130
Korean 170 120 55
Laotian 130 75 60
Malaysian 60 25 40
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 15 0 0
Thai 95 35 60
Tibetan 25 0 0
Vietnamese 1,045 565 480
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 105 30 75
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 130 75 50
Australian 85 50 35
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 30 25 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 536,695 260,495 276,205
Buddhist 1,340 660 675
Christian 459,185 217,460 241,725
Anglican 565 270 295
Baptist 950 425 525
Catholic 445,165 210,470 234,695
Christian Orthodox 1,430 710 725
Lutheran 165 75 95
Pentecostal 1,365 695 675
Presbyterian 165 75 90
United Church 280 140 135
Other Christian 9,090 4,590 4,500
Hindu 365 185 175
Jewish 165 95 65
Muslim 6,275 3,405 2,875
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 20 0 0
Other religions 810 435 365
No religious affiliation 68,550 38,240 30,305
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 536,695 260,495 276,205
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,880 2,130 2,750
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,610 1,055 1,550
Métis single identity 1,815 925 890
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 100 30 65
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 100 30 65
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 265 90 175
Non-Aboriginal identity 531,810 258,360 273,450
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 536,695 260,495 276,200
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,900 740 1,160
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 534,795 259,755 275,040
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 536,695 260,495 276,205
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 15,015 6,825 8,190
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 13,255 6,050 7,205
Métis ancestry 1,805 800 1,005
Inuit ancestry 215 90 125
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 521,685 253,670 268,015
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 43,685 20,455 23,225
Aboriginal languages 310 85 220
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 40 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 175 45 125
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 0 30
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 45 0 45
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,430 20,400 23,035
Italian 2,265 1,100 1,165
Portuguese 1,720 940 780
Romanian 650 325 330
Spanish 24,315 10,670 13,650
Dutch 375 200 175
Flemish 35 10 20
German 2,590 1,280 1,305
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 50 15 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 490 220 275
Bulgarian 140 75 65
Croatian 160 85 80
Czech 45 30 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 280 145 130
Russian 1,005 520 485
Serbian 130 70 60
Serbo-Croatian 305 140 165
Slovak 35 20 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 115 65 45
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 180 90 90
Armenian 95 35 65
Albanian 310 185 125
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 180 90 85
Turkish 75 45 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 155 75 80
Oromo 260 150 110
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 4,325 2,375 1,945
Hebrew 25 25 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 55 30 30
Gujarati 50 25 25
Hindi 105 50 55
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 30 15 10
Nepali 365 180 185
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 285 150 135
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 40 30 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 360 205 160
Korean 30 0 0
Cantonese 90 50 40
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 405 150 255
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 690 335 350
Lao 80 55 30
Thai 120 65 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 545 250 295
Vietnamese 665 330 335
Bisayan languages 20 0 15
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 25 25 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 45 15 30
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 240 110 135
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 205 195
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 180 95 90
Swahili 530 265 260
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 150 85 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 155 135
African languages, n.i.e. 145 90 60
Creoles 510 225 290
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,785 910 870
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 530,850 257,390 273,460
Non-movers 463,660 224,795 238,865
Movers 67,190 32,595 34,595
Non-migrants 50,075 24,240 25,835
Migrants 17,115 8,350 8,765
Internal migrants 14,190 6,980 7,210
Intraprovincial migrants 12,990 6,360 6,635
Interprovincial migrants 1,205 625 580
External migrants 2,925 1,370 1,555
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 510,275 247,165 263,110
Non-movers 310,085 148,740 161,345
Movers 200,185 98,420 101,765
Non-migrants 138,320 67,500 70,820
Migrants 61,870 30,925 30,940
Internal migrants 51,195 25,650 25,545
Intraprovincial migrants 47,970 24,005 23,965
Interprovincial migrants 3,225 1,650 1,570
External migrants 10,670 5,270 5,405
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 463,125 223,105 240,020
No certificate, diploma or degree 71,215 32,720 38,500
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 98,715 44,255 54,460
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 293,195 146,130 147,060
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 70,685 43,385 27,305
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 91,205 40,125 51,085
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 22,940 8,970 13,970
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 108,360 53,655 54,710
Bachelor's degree 67,030 31,375 35,660
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 41,330 22,280 19,050
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 305,115 150,240 154,875
No certificate, diploma or degree 25,705 13,265 12,440
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 55,600 26,060 29,535
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 223,810 110,915 112,895
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 54,295 32,670 21,625
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 65,405 29,555 35,845
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 15,175 5,945 9,230
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 88,940 42,745 46,195
Bachelor's degree 55,255 25,960 29,295
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 33,680 16,785 16,895
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 463,125 223,105 240,020
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 169,925 76,970 92,955
Education 23,035 5,815 17,215
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 12,850 5,920 6,930
Humanities 19,170 8,385 10,785
Social and behavioural sciences and law 29,765 12,080 17,685
Business, management and public administration 67,410 26,155 41,250
Physical and life sciences and technologies 11,860 6,780 5,080
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 14,585 9,975 4,605
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 51,885 47,790 4,100
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 5,630 3,600 2,025
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 37,245 8,440 28,805
Personal, protective and transportation services 19,555 11,105 8,450
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 200 75 125
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 463,120 223,105 240,020
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 169,930 76,970 92,960
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 293,195 146,135 147,060
Location of study inside Canada 280,665 139,130 141,535
Same as province or territory of residence 274,855 135,695 139,165
Another province or territory 5,805 3,440 2,370
Location of study outside Canada 12,530 7,005 5,530
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 325,220 167,170 158,050
Single responses 318,620 163,465 155,145
English 5,735 3,390 2,340
French 312,535 159,925 152,610
Non-official languages 350 155 195
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 25 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 175 60 115
Korean 0 0 0
German 20 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 10 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 100 45 55
Multiple responses 6,605 3,700 2,905
English and French 6,010 3,425 2,585
English and non-official language 50 0 45
French and non-official language 300 160 140
English, French and non-official language 245 115 130
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 325,225 167,175 158,050
English 5,730 3,390 2,340
French 312,535 159,925 152,610
Non-official language 350 155 195
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 345 150 190
English and French 6,005 3,425 2,585
English and non-official language 45 0 45
French and non-official language 305 160 140
English, French and non-official language 245 115 130
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 463,125 223,100 240,020
In the labour force 303,865 156,565 147,300
Employed 289,700 148,610 141,085
Unemployed 14,165 7,955 6,215
Not in the labour force 159,265 66,540 92,720
Participation rate 65.6 70.2 61.4
Employment rate 62.6 66.6 58.8
Unemployment rate 4.7 5.1 4.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 303,865 156,565 147,295
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 4,285 2,095 2,195
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 299,575 154,470 145,105
Employee 276,270 139,905 136,365
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 23,305 14,565 8,740
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 303,865 156,565 147,295
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,285 2,095 2,190
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 299,580 154,470 145,105
0 Management occupations 25,490 16,230 9,255
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 55,920 17,510 38,410
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 28,040 21,015 7,025
3 Health occupations 23,120 5,350 17,770
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 39,495 15,585 23,910
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 9,895 4,945 4,950
6 Sales and service occupations 77,075 36,870 40,200
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 31,595 30,185 1,415
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,600 1,375 225
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 7,345 5,405 1,940
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 303,865 156,565 147,300
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,285 2,090 2,195
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 299,580 154,475 145,105
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 965 580 385
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 340 270 75
22 Utilities 1,830 1,350 485
23 Construction 13,845 12,340 1,500
31-33 Manufacturing 18,585 13,455 5,130
41 Wholesale trade 9,400 6,810 2,590
44-45 Retail trade 38,490 18,745 19,740
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 10,680 8,570 2,115
51 Information and cultural industries 5,875 3,735 2,140
52 Finance and insurance 12,790 4,550 8,235
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,560 2,735 1,830
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 23,215 13,975 9,240
55 Management of companies and enterprises 145 85 55
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 11,415 6,985 4,425
61 Educational services 22,650 8,485 14,170
62 Health care and social assistance 39,520 9,450 30,075
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,480 2,870 2,615
72 Accommodation and food services 22,800 11,350 11,455
81 Other services (except public administration) 13,465 6,140 7,325
91 Public administration 43,520 21,985 21,535
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 303,865 156,565 147,300
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,680 5,535 6,140
Worked in 2010 292,185 151,025 141,155
1 to 13 weeks 11,400 5,595 5,810
14 to 26 weeks 18,670 9,090 9,585
27 to 39 weeks 17,705 9,320 8,385
40 to 48 weeks 52,410 27,055 25,350
49 to 52 weeks 192,000 99,970 92,025
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.7 45.8 45.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 303,865 156,565 147,295
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,680 5,535 6,145
Worked in 2010 292,180 151,030 141,150
Worked full-time in 2010 235,970 128,480 107,490
Worked part-time in 2010 56,210 22,550 33,660
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 289,700 148,615 141,085
Worked at home 12,810 6,100 6,705
Worked outside Canada 660 505 155
No fixed workplace address 21,825 16,180 5,645
Worked at usual place 254,400 125,825 128,580
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 276,230 142,005 134,225
Car, truck or van - as a driver 198,695 108,350 90,345
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 11,470 3,700 7,780
Public transit 39,280 15,845 23,440
Walked 20,505 9,850 10,660
Bicycle 4,300 3,170 1,135
Other methods 1,970 1,095 875
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 276,230 142,005 134,230
Median commuting duration 20.1 20.0 20.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 276,225 142,005 134,225
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 56,820 39,550 17,265
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 172,025 78,250 93,775
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 47,380 24,200 23,185
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 258,870 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 244,670 ... ...
Major repairs needed 14,200 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 258,875 ... ...
1960 or before 62,950 ... ...
1961 to 1980 89,780 ... ...
1981 to 1990 44,635 ... ...
1991 to 2000 28,985 ... ...
2001 to 2005 14,700 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 17,825 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 258,875 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 113,260 ... ...
5 rooms 42,360 ... ...
6 rooms 27,205 ... ...
7 rooms 23,370 ... ...
8 or more rooms 52,675 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 258,870 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 59,540 ... ...
2 bedrooms 87,080 ... ...
3 bedrooms 73,520 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 38,735 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 258,870 ... ...
Owner 140,475 ... ...
Renter 118,395 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 258,875 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 35,655 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 223,220 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 258,870 ... ...
1 household maintainer 167,140 ... ...
2 household maintainers 88,885 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,850 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 258,870 ... ...
Under 25 years 12,980 ... ...
25 to 34 years 42,370 ... ...
35 to 44 years 37,380 ... ...
45 to 54 years 52,425 ... ...
55 to 64 years 51,190 ... ...
65 to 74 years 34,710 ... ...
75 years and over 27,810 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 258,870 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 257,475 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,400 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 258,875 ... ...
Suitable 251,130 ... ...
Not suitable 7,740 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 258,550 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 201,460 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 57,090 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 48,210 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 140,370 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 11.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 871 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 932 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 229,890 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 252,706 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 118,395 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 34.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 656 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 706 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 463,125 223,105 240,025
Without income 14,360 5,865 8,495
With income 448,765 217,240 231,525
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 30,170 14,515 15,655
$5,000 to $9,999 31,550 12,075 19,470
$10,000 to $14,999 43,555 16,440 27,115
$15,000 to $19,999 42,505 16,540 25,965
$20,000 to $29,999 65,275 27,830 37,440
$30,000 to $39,999 67,480 32,140 35,345
$40,000 to $49,999 54,455 26,725 27,735
$50,000 to $59,999 37,520 20,780 16,735
$60,000 to $79,999 43,125 26,780 16,345
$80,000 to $99,999 16,375 10,975 5,395
$100,000 and over 16,765 12,440 4,330
$100,000 to $124,999 8,015 5,735 2,280
$125,000 and over 8,750 6,705 2,045
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,775 36,614 27,274
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,435 44,641 32,612
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 463,120 223,105 240,020
Without after-tax income 14,415 5,865 8,555
With after-tax income 448,705 217,235 231,465
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 31,500 14,760 16,740
$5,000 to $9,999 33,440 12,205 21,235
$10,000 to $14,999 43,565 16,870 26,690
$15,000 to $19,999 47,440 18,870 28,575
$20,000 to $29,999 83,775 37,595 46,180
$30,000 to $39,999 82,365 40,315 42,050
$40,000 to $49,999 54,970 29,665 25,300
$50,000 to $59,999 32,910 20,145 12,765
$60,000 to $79,999 24,925 16,405 8,520
$80,000 to $99,999 7,000 5,205 1,795
$100,000 and over 6,810 5,195 1,615
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,259 31,939 24,764
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,835 36,135 27,800
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.0 90.6 82.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.3 74.2 67.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.3 68.3 63.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.1 5.9 4.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.5 3.8 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.6 11.2 10.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.0 9.4 17.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.1 3.5 4.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.7 2.6 5.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.4 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.2 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 1.8 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.2 19.1 14.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.8 80.9 85.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 2.2 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 165,485 89,615 75,865
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,337 47,685 39,404
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,775 56,222 44,342
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 151,410 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,796 ... ...
Average family income ($) 87,325 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,051 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,780 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 69,695 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,319 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,695 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,780 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,263 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 55,995 ... ...
Median family income ($) 98,921 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,568 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,934 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 91,100 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 22,030 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,131 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,415 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,315 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,656 ... ...
Average family size 2.4 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 121,710 55,410 66,300
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,046 30,551 26,184
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,081 35,217 31,295
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,378 26,823 24,259
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,068 29,361 26,987
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 536,695 260,490 276,200
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 277,770 129,495 148,275
In bottom decile 47,015 22,455 24,560
In second decile 52,785 22,090 30,695
In third decile 51,960 23,885 28,080
In fourth decile 61,540 29,460 32,075
In fifth decile 64,470 31,600 32,865
In top half of the Canadian distribution 258,925 131,000 127,925
In sixth decile 65,885 32,410 33,480
In seventh decile 60,495 30,280 30,215
In eighth decile 54,230 27,920 26,320
In ninth decile 44,700 22,850 21,850
In top decile 33,610 17,540 16,065
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 258,870 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,980 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,955 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,635 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 16,095 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 25,775 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 30,350 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 26,555 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 37,215 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 27,325 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,075 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,975 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,735 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 258,870 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,080 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,005 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,825 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,295 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 32,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 36,660 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 30,355 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,285 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 39,700 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 23,985 ... ...
$100,000 and over 28,445 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,695 ... ...
$125,000 and over 12,750 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 258,870 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 52,888 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 66,629 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 46,028 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 55,180 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 97,640 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,367 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 35,281 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,173 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 29,733 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 161,230 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 73,084 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,613 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 62,987 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,590 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 536,695 260,495 276,200
Less than 18 years 91,175 46,330 44,840
Less than 6 years 30,995 15,665 15,330
18 to 64 years 357,325 176,450 180,875
65 years and over 88,200 37,710 50,495
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 74,840 32,400 42,440
Less than 18 years 10,580 5,225 5,355
Less than 6 years 3,475 1,755 1,715
18 to 64 years 48,790 22,750 26,030
65 years and over 15,470 4,420 11,050
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.9 12.4 15.4
Less than 18 years (%) 11.6 11.3 11.9
Less than 6 years (%) 11.2 11.2 11.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 12.9 14.4
65 years and over (%) 17.5 11.7 21.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Québec, , Quebec (Code 2423) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Québec, , Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 21.5%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Québec, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 551,902  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 525,376  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 269,601 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 258,872 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,005.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 549.15 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 551,900 265,860 286,045
0 to 4 years 26,295 13,365 12,925
5 to 9 years 22,915 11,675 11,235
10 to 14 years 24,345 12,455 11,890
15 to 19 years 31,080 15,600 15,475
15 years 5,670 2,890 2,780
16 years 5,660 2,905 2,755
17 years 6,225 3,100 3,125
18 years 6,420 3,190 3,230
19 years 7,100 3,510 3,580
20 to 24 years 39,225 19,310 19,910
25 to 29 years 39,625 20,465 19,165
30 to 34 years 38,140 19,605 18,535
35 to 39 years 31,870 16,420 15,455
40 to 44 years 32,565 16,300 16,270
45 to 49 years 41,195 20,375 20,820
50 to 54 years 45,060 21,940 23,120
55 to 59 years 42,220 20,050 22,165
60 to 64 years 38,210 18,005 20,200
65 to 69 years 31,020 14,290 16,725
70 to 74 years 22,225 9,820 12,400
75 to 79 years 18,225 7,495 10,735
80 to 84 years 14,195 5,125 9,070
85 years and over 13,510 3,570 9,945
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.5 41.2 45.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.7 85.9 87.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 478,355 228,365 249,990
Married or living with a common-law partner 257,180 128,805 128,370
Married (and not separated) 143,090 71,525 71,570
Living common law 114,085 57,280 56,805
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 221,175 99,565 121,615
Single (never legally married) 150,480 78,205 72,285
Separated 7,305 3,115 4,190
Divorced 34,405 12,885 21,520
Widowed 28,990 5,365 23,630
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 150,160 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 86,695 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 30,535 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 24,650 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 8,280 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 150,165 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 126,570 ... ...
Married couples 69,595 ... ...
Without children at home 40,670 ... ...
With children at home 28,925 ... ...
1 child 12,185 ... ...
2 children 11,955 ... ...
3 or more children 4,790 ... ...
Common-law couples 56,975 ... ...
Without children at home 30,540 ... ...
With children at home 26,440 ... ...
1 child 11,770 ... ...
2 children 11,465 ... ...
3 or more children 3,205 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 23,590 ... ...
Female parent 17,720 ... ...
1 child 11,585 ... ...
2 children 4,930 ... ...
3 or more children 1,210 ... ...
Male parent 5,870 ... ...
1 child 3,900 ... ...
2 children 1,655 ... ...
3 or more children 315 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 130,570 ... ...
Under six years of age 30,915 ... ...
6 to 14 years 42,200 ... ...
15 to 17 years 17,060 ... ...
18 to 24 years 28,730 ... ...
25 years and over 11,665 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 536,695 260,545 276,155
Number of persons not in census families 129,385 59,060 70,330
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 8,275 3,550 4,725
Living with non-relatives only 23,340 13,425 9,910
Living alone 97,775 42,080 55,695
Number of census family persons 407,310 201,490 205,820
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 87,540 37,230 50,315
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 35,235 9,415 25,820
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,450 575 1,880
Living with non-relatives only 1,660 785 880
Living alone 31,120 8,060 23,060
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 52,305 27,810 24,490
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 258,870 ... ...
Census-family households 149,200 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 143,710 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 122,365 ... ...
Without children 68,600 ... ...
With children 53,765 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 21,345 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 5,490 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 4,540 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,905 ... ...
Without children 1,715 ... ...
With children 1,195 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,635 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 950 ... ...
Non-census-family households 109,670 ... ...
One-person households 97,775 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 11,900 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 258,870 ... ...
Single-detached house 87,820 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 19,980 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,300 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 149,775 ... ...
Semi-detached house 13,285 ... ...
Row house 6,160 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 18,085 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 110,850 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,380 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 258,875 ... ...
1 person 97,770 ... ...
2 persons 92,570 ... ...
3 persons 33,220 ... ...
4 persons 25,740 ... ...
5 persons 7,185 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,385 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 536,695 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 544,490 263,000 281,490
  Single responses  539,930 260,630 279,300
    English  7,845 4,100 3,745
    French  511,815 246,295 265,515
    Non-official languages  20,270 10,235 10,035
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 300 120 180
        Atikamekw    35 15 15
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  250 95 155
        Inuktitut  10 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,330 9,745 9,585
        African languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  195 105 90
        Amharic  10 0 5
        Arabic  3,035 1,755 1,285
        Armenian  40 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 50 45
        Bengali  60 30 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  135 85 50
        Bisayan languages  15 0 10
        Bosnian  635 325 310
        Bulgarian  190 85 100
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  115 60 55
        Chinese, n.o.s.  605 310 300
        Creoles  320 165 155
        Croatian  90 45 45
        Czech  45 20 20
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  120 60 60
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  5 5 5
        Flemish  25 5 15
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  405 160 245
        Greek  100 60 45
        Gujarati  20 10 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  40 20 20
        Hungarian  115 55 60
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 80 35 45
        Italian  520 290 225
        Japanese  110 35 75
        Khmer (Cambodian)  330 145 180
        Korean  25 10 15
        Kurdish  35 20 10
        Lao  95 50 45
        Latvian  5 5 0
        Lingala  80 40 40
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  235 110 125
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  525 275 255
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 275 165 110
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  220 120 100
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  360 180 175
        Polish  270 115 155
        Portuguese  1,010 500 515
        Romanian  635 310 325
        Rundi (Kirundi)  305 155 145
        Russian  425 175 245
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  220 100 120
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  165 80 80
        Serbo-Croatian  210 100 110
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 25 10
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  20 10 5
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  5,190 2,495 2,695
        Swahili  375 200 175
        Swedish  15 5 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  55 15 40
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  35 10 30
        Tibetan languages  5 5 5
        Tigrigna  10 0 5
        Turkish  50 30 20
        Ukrainian  45 20 25
        Urdu  20 10 10
        Vietnamese  725 350 370
        Yiddish  0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 635 370 270
  Multiple responses          4,570 2,370 2,195
    English and French  2,450 1,265 1,185
    English and non-official language  185 95 95
    French and non-official language  1,765 920 845
    English, French and non-official language 170 95 75
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 544,495 263,000 281,495
  English only 1,170 635 540
  French only 337,375 149,190 188,190
  English and French 204,395 112,490 91,905
  Neither English nor French 1,550 685 865
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 544,495 263,000 281,490
  English 8,925 4,645 4,280
  French 530,090 255,525 274,565
  English and French 4,025 2,190 1,835
  Neither English nor French 1,460 645 815
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 10,935 5,740 5,200
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.0 2.2 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 544,490 263,000 281,495
  Single responses 538,500 259,985 278,515
    English 5,510 2,805 2,705
    French 522,255 251,925 270,330
    Non-official languages 10,730 5,250 5,480
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 135 55 80
        Atikamekw   10 10 5
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 115 45 70
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,325 5,060 5,265
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 130 65 70
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 1,150 590 560
        Armenian 30 15 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Bengali 65 25 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 35 15 15
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 455 235 220
        Bulgarian 130 70 65
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 55 25 25
        Chinese, n.o.s. 475 240 235
        Creoles 75 30 40
        Croatian 40 20 20
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 20 10 10
        Estonian 5 5 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 60 30 30
        Greek 25 15 10
        Gujarati 10 5 10
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 0 5
        Hindi 20 10 10
        Hungarian 30 15 20
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Italian 95 45 50
        Japanese 50 25 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 165 70 100
        Korean 5 5 5
        Kurdish 20 10 10
        Lao 35 20 15
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 20 10 15
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 165 85 80
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 505 270 240
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 25 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 5 0
        Pashto 0 0 5
        Persian (Farsi) 260 125 130
        Polish 90 35 55
        Portuguese 565 280 285
        Romanian 405 205 200
        Rundi (Kirundi) 90 45 45
        Russian 260 125 140
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 20 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 130 60 65
        Serbo-Croatian 145 70 75
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 35 20
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 0 5
        Spanish 3,445 1,640 1,805
        Swahili 180 100 85
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 10 5 5
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 15 10 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 0 5
        Ukrainian 25 10 15
        Urdu 5 5 5
        Vietnamese 470 225 250
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 270 140 130
  Multiple responses         5,995 3,020 2,975
    English and French 2,120 1,095 1,015
    English and non-official language 155 80 80
    French and non-official language 3,340 1,635 1,700
    English, French and non-official language 385 205 175
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 544,490 263,000 281,495
  None 507,475 243,520 263,955
  Single responses  35,450 18,695 16,755
    English  20,435 11,145 9,285
    French  7,755 3,860 3,895
    Non-official languages  7,265 3,695 3,570
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 115 55 65
        Atikamekw    10 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  100 45 50
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,815 3,475 3,340
        African languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Afrikaans  5 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  35 20 10
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,305 755 555
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 25 30
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  60 40 25
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  110 55 55
        Bulgarian  30 10 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  30 15 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  85 40 40
        Creoles  225 105 120
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  15 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  45 25 25
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  190 90 105
        Greek  35 15 20
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  35 15 20
        Hungarian  35 15 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Italian  240 125 115
        Japanese  80 35 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  125 65 60
        Korean  10 5 5
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  25 10 15
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  70 35 35
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  40 20 20
        Marathi  0 0 5
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 135 70 60
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  70 40 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  55 25 30
        Polish  80 35 40
        Portuguese  280 140 140
        Romanian  135 60 75
        Rundi (Kirundi)  135 70 65
        Russian  115 45 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  100 45 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  35 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian  60 35 25
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,120 1,040 1,080
        Swahili  175 95 80
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 5 5
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 5
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  5 5 5
        Vietnamese  180 95 90
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 330 165 165
  Multiple responses          1,565 785 785
    English and French  405 215 190
    English and non-official language  945 460 490
    French and non-official language  185 95 90
    English, French and non-official language  30 20 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Québec, , Quebec (Code 2423) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Québec, , Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Québec, Territoire équivalent (Census Division), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Québec, , Quebec (Census division)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Québec, Territoire équivalent (Census Division), Quebec

2011 NHS