NHS Profile, La Haute-Yamaska, MRC, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, La Haute-Yamaska, MRC, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic La Haute-Yamaska, MRC
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 82,925 41,005 41,920
Canadian citizens 81,765 40,450 41,315
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,810 8,710 8,100
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 64,960 31,740 33,220
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,160 555 605
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 82,925 41,005 41,920
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 79,775 39,405 40,370
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 3,075 1,550 1,520
Before 1971 375 195 185
1971 to 1980 350 215 135
1981 to 1990 250 95 155
1991 to 2000 410 190 220
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,685 850 835
2001 to 2005 830 460 375
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 855 390 465
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 80 50 30
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 3,070 1,545 1,525
Under 5 years 495 240 255
5 to 14 years 700 370 330
15 to 24 years 465 255 215
25 to 44 years 1,245 610 635
45 years and over 170 85 85
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 82,925 41,005 41,920
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 79,780 39,405 40,370
Born in province of residence 78,420 38,720 39,695
Born outside province of residence 1,360 685 675
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 3,070 1,550 1,525
Americas 970 455 515
United States 170 65 105
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 115 55 60
Mexico 75 25 50
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 470 230 240
El Salvador 25 0 0
Peru 15 10 0
Chile 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 95 45 45
Europe 1,085 600 490
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25 15 0
Italy 110 60 55
Germany 70 0 55
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 20 15 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 385 210 175
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 20 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 35 20 0
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 140 75 65
Serbia 25 0 15
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 235 160 80
Africa 595 320 280
Morocco 95 55 40
Algeria 85 50 40
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 395 205 190
Asia 420 180 240
India 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 75 0 70
Philippines 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 75 35 35
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 0
Lebanon 60 35 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 45 35 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 120 45 75
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 80 50 30
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 850 390 460
Americas 295 115 180
United States 25 0 0
Mexico 45 0 40
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 170 80 95
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 35 0 20
Europe 95 60 35
France 30 20 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 35 35 0
Africa 345 155 185
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 30 15 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 65 30 35
Tunisia 30 0 25
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 65 0 55
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 150 85 60
Asia 115 60 60
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 30 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 55 0 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 82,930 41,000 41,920
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 3,195 1,615 1,580
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 2,635 1,350 1,285
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 77,090 38,040 39,055
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 82,925 41,005 41,925
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 1,960 1,010 945
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 70 35 30
Chinese 125 40 80
Black 540 300 240
Filipino 0 0 0
Latin American 585 310 270
Arab 330 175 155
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 140 75 70
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 50 30 20
Korean 30 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 15 0 10
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 60 15 45
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 80,970 39,990 40,980
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 82,930 41,005 41,920
North American Aboriginal origins 3,460 1,695 1,760
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,315 1,605 1,705
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 190 115 80
Other North American origins 65,305 32,060 33,245
Acadian 230 135 95
American 495 235 255
Canadian 63,730 31,250 32,485
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,755 965 795
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 35,045 17,425 17,615
British Isles origins 6,615 3,265 3,355
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,160 1,140 1,020
Irish 4,065 1,925 2,145
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 965 505 455
Welsh 20 0 20
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 120 75 45
French origins 28,665 14,195 14,470
Alsatian 25 0 0
Breton 130 55 75
French 28,575 14,150 14,425
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,840 885 955
Austrian 110 40 70
Belgian 535 215 315
Dutch 160 75 85
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 900 475 425
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 185 115 65
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 60 25 30
Danish 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 465 235 225
Bulgarian 25 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 45 25 25
Latvian 15 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 220 125 100
Romanian 20 0 0
Russian 60 30 25
Slovak 25 0 25
Ukrainian 65 45 25
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 1,715 935 780
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 145 75 70
Croatian 0 0 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 85 35 45
Italian 855 440 415
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 135 90 45
Serbian 35 0 20
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 485 290 185
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 60 40 15
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 20 20 0
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 30 20 0
Caribbean origins 150 95 55
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 135 85 50
Jamaican 0 0 0
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 740 355 390
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Colombian 520 255 265
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 25 0 0
Guatemalan 15 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 15 0 0
Mexican 95 35 60
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Salvadorean 25 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 775 400 370
Central and West African origins 210 100 110
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 165 70 95
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 35 25 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 355 180 175
Algerian 45 25 20
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 110 50 60
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 175 90 85
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 70 40 30
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 20 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 10 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 35 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 10 0 0
Other African origins 175 95 75
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 175 100 75
Asian origins 860 410 455
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 430 210 220
Afghan 125 60 65
Arab, n.o.s. 85 35 50
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 65 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 130 80 50
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 35 20 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 40 0 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 65 25 45
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 65 20 40
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 370 175 195
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 175 65 110
Filipino 0 0 0
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 25 0 0
Laotian 60 40 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 95 45 50
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 82,925 41,005 41,920
Buddhist 105 65 40
Christian 72,715 35,530 37,190
Anglican 295 155 140
Baptist 705 295 410
Catholic 68,525 33,505 35,025
Christian Orthodox 65 35 25
Lutheran 35 20 15
Pentecostal 400 165 230
Presbyterian 10 0 0
United Church 300 160 140
Other Christian 2,395 1,200 1,190
Hindu 0 0 0
Jewish 0 0 0
Muslim 750 385 365
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 100 40 60
No religious affiliation 9,245 4,985 4,265
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 82,925 41,005 41,925
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 540 240 300
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 315 120 190
Métis single identity 185 95 85
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 10 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 82,385 40,760 41,620
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 82,925 41,005 41,925
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 50 35 20
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 82,875 40,975 41,905
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 82,930 41,005 41,920
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,460 1,700 1,760
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,315 1,610 1,710
Métis ancestry 185 115 80
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 79,465 39,305 40,160
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 4,140 2,040 2,100
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,140 2,040 2,100
Italian 250 110 135
Portuguese 45 35 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 2,175 1,010 1,165
Dutch 50 15 30
Flemish 20 0 15
German 265 155 110
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 140 75 65
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 0 0
Russian 115 50 60
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 35 0 20
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 425 215 205
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 70 45 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 25 20 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 45 0
Lao 45 35 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 15 0
Vietnamese 70 25 45
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 0
Swahili 160 65 95
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 120 75 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 110 65 45
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 81,900 40,455 41,445
Non-movers 71,545 35,370 36,170
Movers 10,355 5,080 5,275
Non-migrants 6,610 3,210 3,400
Migrants 3,745 1,870 1,875
Internal migrants 3,580 1,790 1,790
Intraprovincial migrants 3,540 1,770 1,770
Interprovincial migrants 40 20 20
External migrants 170 85 85
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 78,040 38,470 39,570
Non-movers 47,540 23,660 23,890
Movers 30,500 14,820 15,680
Non-migrants 18,365 8,820 9,545
Migrants 12,135 6,000 6,140
Internal migrants 11,460 5,665 5,785
Intraprovincial migrants 11,195 5,510 5,685
Interprovincial migrants 255 155 100
External migrants 680 330 345
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 68,975 33,870 35,105
No certificate, diploma or degree 18,860 9,420 9,435
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 17,480 8,050 9,430
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 32,635 16,395 16,235
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 12,055 7,375 4,675
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,620 4,600 6,025
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,275 915 1,365
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 7,685 3,505 4,175
Bachelor's degree 5,325 2,220 3,105
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,360 1,285 1,075
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 46,450 22,895 23,560
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,560 4,625 3,940
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,035 5,475 6,560
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 25,850 12,795 13,060
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,505 5,655 3,845
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,295 3,680 4,615
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,595 650 950
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,460 2,815 3,650
Bachelor's degree 4,595 1,880 2,715
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 1,870 930 940
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 68,975 33,875 35,105
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 36,340 17,475 18,870
Education 2,895 740 2,160
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 715 315 405
Humanities 1,440 580 860
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,255 750 1,505
Business, management and public administration 7,515 2,630 4,885
Physical and life sciences and technologies 630 375 260
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 895 580 320
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,630 8,090 535
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 815 440 370
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,150 740 3,410
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,660 1,160 1,505
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 68,975 33,870 35,105
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 36,340 17,475 18,870
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 32,635 16,400 16,235
Location of study inside Canada 31,765 15,910 15,855
Same as province or territory of residence 31,305 15,620 15,690
Another province or territory 460 295 165
Location of study outside Canada 865 485 385
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 48,290 25,195 23,090
Single responses 46,780 24,410 22,370
English 1,245 615 635
French 45,500 23,780 21,720
Non-official languages 40 20 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 10 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,505 790 720
English and French 1,455 765 690
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 35 0 20
English, French and non-official language 15 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 48,285 25,195 23,090
English 1,240 615 630
French 45,500 23,780 21,720
Non-official language 40 20 20
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 35 15 20
English and French 1,455 765 695
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 35 0 20
English, French and non-official language 15 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 68,975 33,870 35,105
In the labour force 45,370 23,805 21,560
Employed 42,540 22,400 20,140
Unemployed 2,835 1,405 1,425
Not in the labour force 23,605 10,065 13,545
Participation rate 65.8 70.3 61.4
Employment rate 61.7 66.1 57.4
Unemployment rate 6.2 5.9 6.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 45,370 23,810 21,560
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 745 305 445
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 44,625 23,500 21,120
Employee 40,025 20,660 19,365
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,595 2,840 1,755
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 45,365 23,810 21,560
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 745 305 440
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 44,625 23,505 21,120
0 Management occupations 3,890 2,605 1,285
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 6,310 1,775 4,535
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,400 1,750 655
3 Health occupations 2,655 460 2,200
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,965 1,105 2,855
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 885 385 500
6 Sales and service occupations 9,645 3,970 5,670
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,560 7,005 555
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 865 620 240
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 6,455 3,840 2,615
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 45,370 23,805 21,560
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 745 305 440
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 44,625 23,500 21,120
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,185 855 330
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 90 90 0
22 Utilities 295 205 95
23 Construction 2,725 2,375 350
31-33 Manufacturing 11,445 7,605 3,840
41 Wholesale trade 2,360 1,620 740
44-45 Retail trade 5,290 2,495 2,800
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,325 975 345
51 Information and cultural industries 395 195 195
52 Finance and insurance 1,315 470 845
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 550 315 230
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,240 980 1,255
55 Management of companies and enterprises 55 55 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,315 725 590
61 Educational services 2,510 795 1,715
62 Health care and social assistance 4,600 720 3,875
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 790 375 420
72 Accommodation and food services 2,710 995 1,705
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,105 1,010 1,100
91 Public administration 1,325 660 665
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 45,365 23,805 21,560
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,905 845 1,065
Worked in 2010 43,460 22,960 20,495
1 to 13 weeks 1,670 820 850
14 to 26 weeks 3,195 1,655 1,535
27 to 39 weeks 2,735 1,545 1,190
40 to 48 weeks 7,225 3,800 3,430
49 to 52 weeks 28,635 15,145 13,490
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.4 45.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 45,370 23,805 21,560
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,910 845 1,065
Worked in 2010 43,460 22,960 20,495
Worked full-time in 2010 35,465 20,165 15,305
Worked part-time in 2010 7,995 2,800 5,195
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 42,535 22,400 20,140
Worked at home 2,550 1,295 1,260
Worked outside Canada 70 50 0
No fixed workplace address 3,095 2,435 665
Worked at usual place 36,820 18,625 18,195
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 39,920 21,055 18,865
Car, truck or van - as a driver 35,280 19,060 16,220
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,570 560 1,015
Public transit 340 120 225
Walked 1,930 810 1,120
Bicycle 395 275 125
Other methods 395 235 160
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 39,920 21,050 18,860
Median commuting duration 15.1 15.4 11.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 39,920 21,055 18,860
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 10,460 7,110 3,350
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 20,985 9,505 11,480
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,470 4,440 4,030
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 36,710 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 34,710 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,995 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 36,710 ... ...
1960 or before 8,395 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,535 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,975 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,500 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,990 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,310 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 36,705 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 12,845 ... ...
5 rooms 7,420 ... ...
6 rooms 4,755 ... ...
7 rooms 3,925 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,755 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 36,710 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,995 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,895 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,240 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,575 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 36,705 ... ...
Owner 22,395 ... ...
Renter 14,310 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 36,710 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,890 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 34,820 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 36,710 ... ...
1 household maintainer 22,065 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,285 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 360 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 36,705 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,540 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,190 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,540 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,435 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,620 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,150 ... ...
75 years and over 3,230 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 36,710 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 36,435 ... ...
More than one person per room 275 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 36,705 ... ...
Suitable 35,600 ... ...
Not suitable 1,110 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 36,440 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 28,285 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,155 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,015 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 22,170 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 828 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 858 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 199,770 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 215,865 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 14,295 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 35.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 576 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 613 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 68,975 33,870 35,105
Without income 2,545 990 1,555
With income 66,435 32,885 33,550
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 4,835 2,535 2,305
$5,000 to $9,999 4,945 1,815 3,130
$10,000 to $14,999 7,240 2,790 4,450
$15,000 to $19,999 7,745 3,085 4,655
$20,000 to $29,999 11,585 5,075 6,510
$30,000 to $39,999 10,805 5,635 5,170
$40,000 to $49,999 6,940 3,840 3,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,470 2,655 1,815
$60,000 to $79,999 4,880 3,155 1,720
$80,000 to $99,999 1,445 1,075 365
$100,000 and over 1,545 1,225 325
$100,000 to $124,999 715 510 205
$125,000 and over 830 715 115
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,070 32,103 23,110
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,600 39,050 28,258
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 68,975 33,870 35,105
Without after-tax income 2,550 985 1,560
With after-tax income 66,425 32,880 33,540
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 5,020 2,595 2,430
$5,000 to $9,999 5,000 1,815 3,180
$10,000 to $14,999 7,395 2,885 4,515
$15,000 to $19,999 8,620 3,445 5,170
$20,000 to $29,999 14,785 6,930 7,860
$30,000 to $39,999 11,690 6,320 5,365
$40,000 to $49,999 6,635 3,990 2,640
$50,000 to $59,999 3,770 2,295 1,475
$60,000 to $79,999 2,300 1,595 705
$80,000 to $99,999 540 430 110
$100,000 and over 680 580 95
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,666 28,351 21,611
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,448 32,276 24,696
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.3 87.8 77.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.8 74.1 66.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 65.5 68.8 61.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.2 5.3 5.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.5 5.5 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.7 7.1 6.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.1 1.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.7 12.2 22.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.4 3.9 5.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.4 3.2 6.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.7 2.3 3.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.4 0.3 5.3
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.8 2.5 3.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.3 17.3 12.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.7 82.7 87.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.9 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 24,535 13,690 10,840
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 37,088 40,586 32,835
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 44,297 49,245 38,047
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 24,450 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,280 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,147 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,211 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,337 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,795 ... ...
Median family income ($) 55,381 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,991 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,267 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,657 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 9,600 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,335 ... ...
Average family income ($) 96,660 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,262 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,431 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,440 ... ...
Median family income ($) 42,717 ... ...
Average family income ($) 45,838 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 40,149 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 40,939 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,575 6,215 7,355
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,978 28,222 20,884
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,094 32,478 26,233
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,218 25,459 20,342
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,138 27,304 23,306
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 82,925 41,005 41,920
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 51,575 24,980 26,595
In bottom decile 7,940 3,735 4,205
In second decile 9,245 3,940 5,300
In third decile 12,715 6,070 6,640
In fourth decile 11,325 5,905 5,425
In fifth decile 10,345 5,320 5,020
In top half of the Canadian distribution 31,355 16,025 15,325
In sixth decile 9,520 4,900 4,620
In seventh decile 7,840 4,085 3,750
In eighth decile 6,650 3,305 3,350
In ninth decile 4,190 2,230 1,960
In top decile 3,155 1,505 1,650
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 36,710 ... ...
Under $5,000 870 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 815 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,580 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,040 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,085 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,895 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,160 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,710 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,460 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,375 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,525 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 36,710 ... ...
Under $5,000 880 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 835 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,815 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,720 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,960 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,640 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,300 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,920 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,630 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,070 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,935 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,680 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,260 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 36,710 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 48,263 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 60,808 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 43,156 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 51,480 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 11,515 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 24,825 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 30,003 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,060 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 25,859 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 25,195 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 64,094 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 74,888 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,061 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 63,191 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 82,930 41,005 41,925
Less than 18 years 17,185 8,885 8,300
Less than 6 years 5,810 2,935 2,880
18 to 64 years 53,410 26,560 26,850
65 years and over 12,330 5,560 6,770
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 12,930 5,705 7,220
Less than 18 years 2,550 1,160 1,385
Less than 6 years 955 430 525
18 to 64 years 7,665 3,685 3,980
65 years and over 2,710 860 1,855
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.6 13.9 17.2
Less than 18 years (%) 14.8 13.1 16.7
Less than 6 years (%) 16.4 14.7 18.2
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.9 14.8
65 years and over (%) 22.0 15.5 27.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. La Haute-Yamaska, MRC, Quebec (Code 2447) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

La Haute-Yamaska, MRC, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, La Haute-Yamaska, MRC, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic La Haute-Yamaska, MRC
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 85,042 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 79,356A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 7.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,099 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 36,707 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 133.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 636.64 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 85,045 41,770 43,275
0 to 4 years 4,830 2,510 2,320
5 to 9 years 4,605 2,295 2,310
10 to 14 years 4,530 2,310 2,215
15 to 19 years 5,435 2,735 2,700
15 years 1,050 520 530
16 years 1,085 550 535
17 years 1,010 540 465
18 years 1,150 565 585
19 years 1,135 550 585
20 to 24 years 4,850 2,545 2,305
25 to 29 years 4,755 2,415 2,340
30 to 34 years 5,415 2,725 2,695
35 to 39 years 4,770 2,455 2,315
40 to 44 years 5,220 2,595 2,620
45 to 49 years 6,970 3,450 3,520
50 to 54 years 7,320 3,565 3,760
55 to 59 years 6,605 3,250 3,350
60 to 64 years 5,845 2,890 2,950
65 to 69 years 4,595 2,175 2,425
70 to 74 years 3,435 1,580 1,855
75 to 79 years 2,425 1,050 1,370
80 to 84 years 1,865 735 1,130
85 years and over 1,580 485 1,090
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.3 41.8 44.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.6 83.0 84.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 71,080 34,650 36,425
Married or living with a common-law partner 42,020 21,000 21,015
Married (and not separated) 24,035 12,020 12,020
Living common law 17,980 8,980 9,000
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 29,060 13,650 15,410
Single (never legally married) 18,280 10,110 8,165
Separated 735 320 415
Divorced 5,845 2,375 3,470
Widowed 4,200 840 3,355
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 24,355 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,505 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 4,815 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,215 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,820 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 24,360 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,660 ... ...
Married couples 11,710 ... ...
Without children at home 7,085 ... ...
With children at home 4,625 ... ...
1 child 1,855 ... ...
2 children 1,855 ... ...
3 or more children 920 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,950 ... ...
Without children at home 4,165 ... ...
With children at home 4,785 ... ...
1 child 1,870 ... ...
2 children 2,090 ... ...
3 or more children 830 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,695 ... ...
Female parent 2,685 ... ...
1 child 1,590 ... ...
2 children 820 ... ...
3 or more children 270 ... ...
Male parent 1,010 ... ...
1 child 660 ... ...
2 children 280 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 23,045 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,745 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,105 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,070 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,445 ... ...
25 years and over 1,685 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 82,930 40,975 41,960
Number of persons not in census families 14,860 7,100 7,765
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,145 505 635
Living with non-relatives only 2,160 1,255 900
Living alone 11,560 5,335 6,225
Number of census family persons 68,065 33,875 34,190
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,335 5,565 6,775
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,355 1,305 3,055
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 350 85 270
Living with non-relatives only 260 125 135
Living alone 3,745 1,100 2,650
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,975 4,260 3,715
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 36,705 ... ...
Census-family households 24,105 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 23,005 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 19,770 ... ...
Without children 10,775 ... ...
With children 8,995 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,235 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,100 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 850 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 540 ... ...
Without children 265 ... ...
With children 275 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 310 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 245 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,600 ... ...
One-person households 11,560 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,040 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 36,705 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,455 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 520 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 625 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 17,110 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,035 ... ...
Row house 190 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,575 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 11,660 ... ...
Other single-attached house 650 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 36,705 ... ...
1 person 11,560 ... ...
2 persons 13,660 ... ...
3 persons 4,980 ... ...
4 persons 4,365 ... ...
5 persons 1,490 ... ...
6 or more persons 650 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 82,930 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,450 41,265 42,190
  Single responses  82,660 40,890 41,770
    English  2,625 1,355 1,270
    French  77,660 38,330 39,330
    Non-official languages  2,375 1,205 1,170
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 5 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,330 1,175 1,155
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  15 5 10
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  240 135 105
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Bengali  5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 10 5
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  75 35 35
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  10 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  35 20 15
        Creoles  30 15 15
        Croatian  5 0 5
        Czech  0 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  35 15 15
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  100 60 45
        Greek  10 10 0
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  0 5 0
        Hungarian  5 5 0
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  125 75 45
        Japanese  0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 0
        Korean  0 0 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  25 15 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  15 10 10
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  5 5 5
        Mandarin  5 0 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  175 85 85
        Polish  20 15 5
        Portuguese  25 10 10
        Romanian  35 20 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 10 15
        Russian  45 25 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 15
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  925 435 485
        Swahili  75 40 40
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5 0 0
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  35 20 20
        Ukrainian  15 10 5
        Urdu  10 5 0
        Vietnamese  55 25 30
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 25 15
  Multiple responses          790 375 415
    English and French  585 270 310
    English and non-official language  35 15 15
    French and non-official language  145 70 75
    English, French and non-official language 35 15 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,450 41,265 42,185
  English only 570 270 295
  French only 53,335 24,835 28,505
  English and French 29,380 16,085 13,290
  Neither English nor French 165 75 90
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,450 41,265 42,190
  English 2,830 1,470 1,365
  French 79,985 39,485 40,500
  English and French 475 245 235
  Neither English nor French 160 70 90
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 3,070 1,585 1,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.7 3.8 3.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,450 41,265 42,185
  Single responses 82,395 40,745 41,655
    English 2,245 1,135 1,110
    French 78,785 38,940 39,845
    Non-official languages 1,370 665 705
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,345 655 690
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 10 5 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 80 35 40
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 0 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 5 5
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 45 20 25
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 10 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15
        Creoles 5 0 0
        Croatian 5 0 5
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 0 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 30 15 15
        Greek 5 0 5
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 0 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 35 20 20
        Japanese 5 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
        Korean 0 0 0
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 10 5 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 10 5 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 5 0 0
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 140 75 70
        Polish 5 5 0
        Portuguese 5 5 0
        Romanian 25 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 25 15 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 665 310 355
        Swahili 40 20 20
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 5 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 20 15 15
        Ukrainian 10 5 5
        Urdu 5 0 0
        Vietnamese 55 25 30
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 20 15 10
  Multiple responses         1,055 520 530
    English and French 565 285 280
    English and non-official language 20 10 10
    French and non-official language 430 205 230
    English, French and non-official language 40 25 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,455 41,265 42,190
  None 76,835 37,860 38,975
  Single responses  6,420 3,315 3,115
    English  4,190 2,195 1,995
    French  1,580 790 790
    Non-official languages  655 325 330
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 630 315 315
        African languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  110 60 55
        Armenian  5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  0 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Creoles  20 10 10
        Croatian  0 0 0
        Czech  0 5 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 0 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 5 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  15 10 5
        Greek  0 0 0
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  0 0 0
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  60 40 20
        Japanese  0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  0 0 0
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  10 5 5
        Polish  0 5 0
        Portuguese  5 5 5
        Romanian  5 0 5
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  10 5 0
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 0
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  225 100 120
        Swahili  20 15 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  0 0 0
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 0
        Ukrainian  0 0 0
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  5 0 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 25 15 15
  Multiple responses          195 90 100
    English and French  55 25 25
    English and non-official language  110 50 55
    French and non-official language  30 10 15
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

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Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. La Haute-Yamaska, MRC, Quebec (Code 2447) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

La Haute-Yamaska, MRC, Quebec

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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