NHS Profile, Longueuil, , Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Longueuil, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Longueuil, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 393,285 190,745 202,540
Canadian citizens 373,400 181,150 192,250
Canadian citizens aged under 18 72,165 36,680 35,485
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 301,235 144,470 156,770
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 19,885 9,595 10,290
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 393,285 190,745 202,540
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 321,130 155,260 165,865
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 69,840 34,355 35,490
Before 1971 8,375 4,360 4,010
1971 to 1980 10,295 5,085 5,210
1981 to 1990 9,375 4,390 4,975
1991 to 2000 14,840 7,200 7,645
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 26,965 13,320 13,645
2001 to 2005 12,585 6,280 6,305
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 14,380 7,040 7,340
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,310 1,130 1,185
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 69,840 34,350 35,490
Under 5 years 6,995 3,535 3,465
5 to 14 years 11,600 5,725 5,875
15 to 24 years 13,940 6,750 7,190
25 to 44 years 31,920 15,800 16,120
45 years and over 5,385 2,545 2,845
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 393,280 190,745 202,535
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 321,130 155,265 165,870
Born in province of residence 310,650 150,385 160,260
Born outside province of residence 10,480 4,880 5,600
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 69,845 34,355 35,490
Americas 15,540 7,235 8,300
United States 1,410 710 695
Jamaica 255 80 165
Guyana 195 85 105
Haiti 4,140 1,730 2,405
Mexico 795 375 420
Trinidad and Tobago 465 250 215
Colombia 2,040 905 1,135
El Salvador 365 205 160
Peru 1,410 715 695
Chile 1,380 655 725
Other places of birth in Americas 3,080 1,510 1,570
Europe 18,115 9,000 9,120
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 950 445 500
Italy 1,100 675 425
Germany 590 265 325
Poland 585 195 385
Portugal 1,460 710 760
Netherlands 90 45 45
France 5,070 2,620 2,450
Romania 2,710 1,345 1,365
Russian Federation 695 250 440
Greece 1,040 520 520
Ukraine 440 205 235
Croatia 110 75 35
Hungary 190 110 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 40 35
Serbia 110 50 60
Ireland, Republic of 100 35 65
Other places of birth in Europe 2,800 1,410 1,390
Africa 14,050 7,375 6,675
Morocco 3,515 1,885 1,630
Algeria 2,555 1,315 1,245
Egypt 1,375 750 620
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 10
Nigeria 45 25 25
Ethiopia 30 0 0
Kenya 155 80 75
Other places of birth in Africa 6,360 3,300 3,055
Asia 22,065 10,720 11,340
India 1,135 610 525
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 6,070 2,690 3,380
Philippines 910 335 575
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,510 775 735
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,540 1,240 1,305
Pakistan 710 410 300
Sri Lanka 290 155 135
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 835 445 385
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 420 185 235
Lebanon 1,385 740 645
Taiwan 705 370 330
Iraq 210 130 80
Bangladesh 250 115 130
Afghanistan 1,810 860 955
Japan 90 15 75
Turkey 425 235 190
Other places of birth in Asia 2,775 1,420 1,355
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 70 30 45
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 55 25 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,310 1,130 1,185
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 14,385 7,040 7,340
Americas 4,285 2,140 2,145
United States 335 185 150
Mexico 340 165 180
Cuba 170 105 65
Haiti 920 455 465
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 230 120 110
Colombia 1,335 625 710
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 425 210 215
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 195 90 100
Other places of birth in Americas 340 195 150
Europe 2,290 1,095 1,195
France 835 420 420
Germany 75 40 35
Poland 30 0 15
Romania 480 220 260
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 210 90 120
Russian Federation 150 60 90
Ukraine 210 95 120
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 280 155 125
Africa 4,760 2,465 2,295
Nigeria 15 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 635 330 310
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 850 430 415
Egypt 325 175 140
Morocco 1,130 580 550
Tunisia 295 145 145
Cameroon 330 155 170
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 155 65 95
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,025 565 460
Asia 3,030 1,325 1,700
Philippines 85 0 70
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,125 455 670
India 95 50 50
Pakistan 90 45 50
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 110 60 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 50 25 30
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 75 50 25
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 240 120 125
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 110 45 60
Taiwan 75 40 35
Afghanistan 465 220 245
Japan 30 0 20
Turkey 30 0 15
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 65 30 35
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 45 0 30
Other places of birth in Asia 240 130 110
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 393,280 190,745 202,540
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 72,940 35,840 37,100
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 43,370 21,705 21,665
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 276,975 133,205 143,775
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 393,285 190,745 202,540
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 66,790 32,770 34,020
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 5,670 2,925 2,740
Chinese 13,285 6,385 6,905
Black 14,965 7,020 7,955
Filipino 1,380 540 845
Latin American 9,105 4,550 4,555
Arab 10,025 5,325 4,705
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 5,665 2,825 2,845
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 3,150 1,585 1,565
Korean 595 280 320
Japanese 290 80 210
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,350 640 710
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,300 615 685
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 326,495 157,975 168,520
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 393,285 190,745 202,535
North American Aboriginal origins 11,405 5,500 5,905
First Nations (North American Indian) 10,205 4,870 5,335
Inuit 85 55 30
Métis 1,230 625 605
Other North American origins 213,610 102,550 111,065
Acadian 1,500 795 710
American 2,465 1,145 1,320
Canadian 203,015 97,370 105,640
New Brunswicker 45 25 25
Newfoundlander 45 0 35
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 25 20 0
Québécois 9,950 4,825 5,125
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 183,440 88,680 94,760
British Isles origins 42,175 20,065 22,110
Channel Islander 40 15 20
Cornish 0 0 0
English 14,070 6,660 7,410
Irish 24,620 11,560 13,060
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 11,640 5,410 6,230
Welsh 650 330 320
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,835 860 975
French origins 122,840 59,335 63,505
Alsatian 95 50 40
Breton 680 290 395
French 122,330 59,105 63,225
Western European origins (except French origins) 13,855 6,725 7,125
Austrian 820 430 395
Belgian 3,205 1,540 1,655
Dutch 1,395 675 710
Flemish 145 75 70
Frisian 0 0 0
German 8,045 3,845 4,195
Luxembourger 30 25 0
Swiss 1,130 580 550
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 75 55 15
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,115 525 590
Danish 290 145 145
Finnish 75 25 55
Icelandic 35 0 25
Norwegian 440 220 225
Swedish 280 110 170
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 50 35 25
Eastern European origins 13,260 6,345 6,920
Bulgarian 1,070 530 540
Byelorussian 75 15 60
Czech 265 125 145
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 85 55 35
Estonian 15 0 0
Hungarian 1,120 600 520
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 305 130 175
Moldovan 220 105 115
Polish 3,455 1,645 1,805
Romanian 3,710 1,860 1,855
Russian 2,330 1,030 1,300
Slovak 325 155 165
Ukrainian 1,920 910 1,005
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 25 0 0
Southern European origins 28,165 14,065 14,100
Albanian 60 25 40
Bosnian 100 45 50
Croatian 250 145 105
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 3,850 1,950 1,905
Italian 14,025 6,940 7,085
Kosovar 25 0 20
Macedonian 90 55 0
Maltese 40 25 10
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 4,050 2,025 2,025
Serbian 265 145 120
Sicilian 40 20 25
Slovenian 400 205 200
Spanish 6,350 3,150 3,200
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 280 140 140
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,775 740 1,035
Basque 320 135 185
Jewish 1,020 405 615
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 415 190 225
Caribbean origins 10,160 4,820 5,340
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 25 0 0
Barbadian 380 180 200
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 500 270 230
Dominican 500 285 215
Grenadian 115 55 60
Haitian 6,795 3,170 3,625
Jamaican 855 370 485
Kittitian/Nevisian 15 0 0
Martinican 85 75 10
Montserratan 15 0 0
Puerto Rican 30 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 545 280 265
Vincentian/Grenadinian 10 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 310 125 185
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 380 210 175
Latin, Central and South American origins 10,960 5,425 5,535
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 340 130 210
Argentinian 275 150 125
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 75 35 40
Brazilian 415 195 215
Chilean 1,965 950 1,015
Colombian 2,640 1,200 1,440
Costa Rican 50 25 30
Ecuadorian 265 115 150
Guatemalan 230 145 85
Guyanese 270 140 130
Hispanic 80 0 65
Honduran 170 120 45
Maya 130 95 35
Mexican 1,390 725 665
Nicaraguan 65 35 30
Panamanian 90 35 50
Paraguayan 30 0 0
Peruvian 1,870 980 885
Salvadorean 590 340 250
Uruguayan 40 10 30
Venezuelan 525 240 285
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 195 100 95
African origins 17,840 9,060 8,785
Central and West African origins 3,445 1,640 1,810
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 195 110 90
Burkinabe 95 55 45
Cameroonian 770 360 410
Chadian 40 0 0
Congolese 675 305 370
Gabonese 75 25 50
Gambian 105 15 0
Ghanaian 130 50 75
Guinean 175 105 65
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 200 115 90
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 230 125 100
Nigerian 70 20 50
Peulh 110 60 55
Senegalese 560 235 330
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 95 45 50
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 320 135 180
North African origins 10,615 5,625 4,990
Algerian 2,500 1,315 1,185
Berber 1,335 765 565
Coptic 115 50 60
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,950 1,060 890
Libyan 100 70 35
Maure 60 30 35
Moroccan 4,320 2,215 2,100
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 705 400 305
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 95 50 45
Southern and East African origins 1,680 765 920
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 60 35 25
Burundian 175 100 75
Eritrean 70 0 60
Ethiopian 20 15 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 25 0 20
Malagasy 350 180 170
Mauritian 605 250 350
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 200 85 115
Seychellois 20 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 15 0 15
Tanzanian 30 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 55 30 20
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 35 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 70 25 40
Other African origins 2,470 1,235 1,240
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 255 150 105
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,295 1,115 1,175
Asian origins 40,610 20,160 20,445
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 11,930 6,335 5,595
Afghan 2,475 1,205 1,275
Arab, n.o.s. 2,640 1,440 1,205
Armenian 915 450 465
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 30 25 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,250 710 540
Iraqi 240 145 95
Israeli 30 15 15
Jordanian 105 35 65
Kazakh 95 65 0
Kurd 50 30 20
Kuwaiti 15 10 0
Lebanese 2,945 1,560 1,390
Palestinian 445 235 210
Pashtun 30 20 0
Saudi Arabian 170 75 95
Syrian 620 340 280
Tajik 30 0 20
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 840 450 395
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 195 90 105
South Asian origins 6,240 3,175 3,065
Bangladeshi 110 55 60
Bengali 50 30 25
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,845 2,435 2,410
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 25 25 0
Pakistani 900 450 450
Punjabi 135 75 65
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 340 185 155
Tamil 75 25 45
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 80 50 30
East and Southeast Asian origins 22,635 10,755 11,880
Burmese 20 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 865 440 420
Chinese 15,135 7,275 7,865
Filipino 1,615 625 985
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 90 30 65
Japanese 410 135 280
Korean 650 285 365
Laotian 845 455 390
Malaysian 70 40 30
Mongolian 15 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 370 180 190
Thai 155 90 65
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 4,025 1,980 2,045
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 25 0 0
Other Asian origins 40 20 15
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 40 20 15
Oceania origins 130 65 65
Australian 85 35 55
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 40 30 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 25 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 393,285 190,745 202,540
Buddhist 4,650 2,165 2,485
Christian 306,100 144,785 161,315
Anglican 3,395 1,455 1,940
Baptist 1,780 795 980
Catholic 272,870 129,150 143,720
Christian Orthodox 8,690 4,330 4,365
Lutheran 315 140 180
Pentecostal 2,630 1,245 1,390
Presbyterian 810 405 405
United Church 1,625 745 885
Other Christian 13,975 6,525 7,455
Hindu 2,055 1,090 960
Jewish 485 260 220
Muslim 18,305 9,405 8,900
Sikh 470 250 220
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 635 305 330
No religious affiliation 60,590 32,475 28,110
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 393,285 190,745 202,535
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,095 1,420 1,670
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,875 855 1,015
Métis single identity 910 415 490
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 60 30 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 25 0 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 230 110 115
Non-Aboriginal identity 390,190 189,325 200,865
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 393,285 190,745 202,540
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 620 300 315
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 392,665 190,445 202,220
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 393,285 190,745 202,540
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 11,410 5,505 5,905
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 10,205 4,870 5,335
Métis ancestry 1,230 620 610
Inuit ancestry 85 50 30
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 381,875 185,245 196,635
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 90,580 44,200 46,375
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 0 25
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,540 44,195 46,345
Italian 5,320 2,820 2,500
Portuguese 3,300 1,710 1,590
Romanian 3,365 1,675 1,685
Spanish 23,845 11,075 12,770
Dutch 260 150 105
Flemish 30 15 15
German 2,490 1,330 1,165
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 20 0 0
Norwegian 40 15 25
Swedish 85 35 50
Afrikaans 15 0 15
Gaelic languages 30 0 0
Bosnian 30 0 0
Bulgarian 990 485 505
Croatian 150 85 65
Czech 110 45 60
Macedonian 65 0 0
Polish 995 425 565
Russian 2,650 1,200 1,455
Serbian 220 125 95
Serbo-Croatian 70 40 35
Slovak 100 40 65
Slovenian 215 75 140
Ukrainian 525 230 295
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 95 55 35
Greek 2,645 1,305 1,340
Armenian 495 250 240
Albanian 75 30 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 30 0 20
Hungarian 385 225 160
Turkish 490 260 230
Berber languages (Kabyle) 245 125 115
Oromo 515 320 200
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 12,090 6,410 5,680
Hebrew 150 70 80
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 75 0 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 385 185 200
Gujarati 620 290 330
Hindi 1,340 650 690
Konkani 20 0 15
Marathi 15 0 15
Panjabi (Punjabi) 910 490 420
Sindhi 40 35 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 15 20
Urdu 1,260 705 550
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 95 60 35
Persian (Farsi) 3,540 1,800 1,740
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65
Kannada 45 35 0
Malayalam 30 0 20
Tamil 480 240 235
Telugu 95 55 40
Japanese 405 125 275
Korean 455 200 255
Cantonese 3,125 1,445 1,680
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 105 55 50
Mandarin 2,485 1,185 1,300
Taiwanese 265 125 140
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,845 3,425 3,425
Lao 730 405 325
Thai 140 95 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 590 315 275
Vietnamese 3,305 1,660 1,645
Bisayan languages 125 55 75
Ilocano 65 20 45
Malay 120 65 55
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 975 325 645
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 430 190 235
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 80 50
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 140 75 60
Swahili 270 150 115
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 305 150 155
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 635 360 280
African languages, n.i.e. 125 65 55
Creoles 6,965 3,265 3,705
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,665 835 830
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 389,055 188,545 200,510
Non-movers 343,055 165,695 177,360
Movers 46,000 22,850 23,150
Non-migrants 23,250 11,485 11,765
Migrants 22,750 11,365 11,385
Internal migrants 19,805 10,000 9,805
Intraprovincial migrants 19,200 9,740 9,460
Interprovincial migrants 605 260 345
External migrants 2,940 1,365 1,575
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 372,575 180,395 192,175
Non-movers 232,220 112,150 120,070
Movers 140,350 68,245 72,105
Non-migrants 68,785 33,335 35,450
Migrants 71,565 34,910 36,655
Internal migrants 58,770 28,720 30,050
Intraprovincial migrants 56,700 27,780 28,915
Interprovincial migrants 2,065 935 1,135
External migrants 12,790 6,195 6,605
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 332,130 159,930 172,205
No certificate, diploma or degree 60,895 29,065 31,830
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 70,885 32,115 38,765
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 200,360 98,750 101,605
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 43,135 25,260 17,870
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 55,925 24,880 31,050
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 21,245 9,045 12,205
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 80,055 39,570 40,485
Bachelor's degree 49,875 23,380 26,495
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 30,185 16,190 13,995
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 219,850 107,125 112,725
No certificate, diploma or degree 26,000 13,640 12,365
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 40,095 18,385 21,710
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 153,755 75,105 78,645
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 32,245 18,505 13,735
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 38,990 17,780 21,205
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 15,345 6,635 8,710
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 67,180 32,190 34,995
Bachelor's degree 41,940 19,430 22,510
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 25,245 12,760 12,485
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 332,130 159,935 172,205
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 131,775 61,180 70,595
Education 12,865 2,910 9,955
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 8,725 4,030 4,695
Humanities 12,515 4,525 7,985
Social and behavioural sciences and law 19,730 7,270 12,455
Business, management and public administration 52,820 21,485 31,340
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,385 3,975 3,410
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,655 7,175 3,475
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 39,525 35,765 3,760
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,120 1,230 895
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 22,830 4,330 18,505
Personal, protective and transportation services 11,155 6,055 5,095
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 40 0 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 332,130 159,935 172,200
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 131,775 61,185 70,595
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 200,355 98,750 101,605
Location of study inside Canada 176,840 86,650 90,185
Same as province or territory of residence 171,950 83,905 88,040
Another province or territory 4,885 2,745 2,145
Location of study outside Canada 23,520 12,095 11,420
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 227,635 116,920 110,715
Single responses 209,840 107,350 102,485
English 25,785 13,930 11,850
French 182,125 92,460 89,670
Non-official languages 1,930 965 965
Chinese, n.o.s. 740 390 350
Cantonese 320 160 160
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 65 40 25
Spanish 360 185 180
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 40 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 395 150 245
Multiple responses 17,795 9,570 8,225
English and French 16,605 8,950 7,655
English and non-official language 315 180 135
French and non-official language 300 150 150
English, French and non-official language 580 295 285
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 227,635 116,920 110,715
English 25,785 13,930 11,850
French 182,125 92,455 89,670
Non-official language 1,935 965 965
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,930 965 965
English and French 16,605 8,950 7,655
English and non-official language 310 180 135
French and non-official language 300 145 150
English, French and non-official language 580 290 285
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 332,130 159,935 172,200
In the labour force 213,965 110,315 103,650
Employed 199,960 102,645 97,310
Unemployed 14,010 7,670 6,335
Not in the labour force 118,165 49,615 68,550
Participation rate 64.4 69.0 60.2
Employment rate 60.2 64.2 56.5
Unemployment rate 6.5 7.0 6.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 213,970 110,320 103,650
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,010 2,615 2,390
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 208,960 107,705 101,255
Employee 188,600 94,775 93,825
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 20,365 12,930 7,435
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 213,970 110,315 103,650
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,010 2,615 2,390
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 208,960 107,705 101,260
0 Management occupations 23,325 13,970 9,365
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 41,440 13,865 27,575
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 19,365 15,140 4,225
3 Health occupations 13,435 2,655 10,780
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 22,695 7,140 15,555
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,905 3,415 3,490
6 Sales and service occupations 50,380 23,975 26,405
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 22,405 21,020 1,385
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,160 1,065 90
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 7,850 5,460 2,395
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 213,970 110,315 103,645
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,010 2,615 2,390
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 208,960 107,700 101,260
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 465 295 170
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 275 195 85
22 Utilities 2,830 1,865 965
23 Construction 8,720 7,700 1,020
31-33 Manufacturing 20,800 14,760 6,040
41 Wholesale trade 9,430 6,195 3,235
44-45 Retail trade 26,280 12,575 13,700
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 9,905 7,290 2,610
51 Information and cultural industries 8,195 4,765 3,420
52 Finance and insurance 12,650 4,920 7,725
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,840 2,255 1,590
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 20,760 12,255 8,510
55 Management of companies and enterprises 265 140 120
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 8,390 4,980 3,415
61 Educational services 14,730 4,780 9,945
62 Health care and social assistance 23,905 4,585 19,320
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 3,975 1,990 1,990
72 Accommodation and food services 12,525 6,340 6,180
81 Other services (except public administration) 8,060 3,385 4,675
91 Public administration 12,945 6,405 6,540
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 213,965 110,320 103,650
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 10,660 5,315 5,350
Worked in 2010 203,310 105,005 98,300
1 to 13 weeks 9,700 4,700 5,000
14 to 26 weeks 14,280 7,400 6,875
27 to 39 weeks 11,805 6,065 5,740
40 to 48 weeks 37,935 19,200 18,740
49 to 52 weeks 129,580 67,635 61,950
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 45.3 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 213,970 110,315 103,650
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 10,660 5,315 5,350
Worked in 2010 203,305 105,005 98,305
Worked full-time in 2010 164,265 89,835 74,425
Worked part-time in 2010 39,040 15,165 23,875
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 199,960 102,650 97,315
Worked at home 10,950 5,825 5,130
Worked outside Canada 515 370 150
No fixed workplace address 15,470 11,135 4,335
Worked at usual place 173,025 85,320 87,705
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 188,495 96,455 92,040
Car, truck or van - as a driver 128,270 71,395 56,875
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 6,220 1,995 4,230
Public transit 42,920 17,615 25,305
Walked 7,080 2,950 4,135
Bicycle 2,350 1,745 610
Other methods 1,645 760 885
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 188,495 96,455 92,040
Median commuting duration 25.7 30.0 25.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 188,495 96,450 92,040
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 46,505 29,750 16,760
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 105,115 46,640 58,470
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 36,875 20,065 16,810
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 169,285 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 157,655 ... ...
Major repairs needed 11,625 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 169,280 ... ...
1960 or before 27,735 ... ...
1961 to 1980 74,270 ... ...
1981 to 1990 31,490 ... ...
1991 to 2000 14,950 ... ...
2001 to 2005 9,105 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 11,735 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 169,280 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 59,985 ... ...
5 rooms 27,755 ... ...
6 rooms 17,780 ... ...
7 rooms 19,770 ... ...
8 or more rooms 43,995 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 169,280 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 25,845 ... ...
2 bedrooms 53,200 ... ...
3 bedrooms 57,795 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 32,435 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 169,280 ... ...
Owner 107,600 ... ...
Renter 61,685 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 169,280 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 27,035 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 142,245 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 169,285 ... ...
1 household maintainer 107,265 ... ...
2 household maintainers 59,965 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,050 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 169,280 ... ...
Under 25 years 5,010 ... ...
25 to 34 years 22,685 ... ...
35 to 44 years 28,185 ... ...
45 to 54 years 38,085 ... ...
55 to 64 years 34,610 ... ...
65 to 74 years 24,420 ... ...
75 years and over 16,295 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 169,280 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 167,290 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,990 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 169,280 ... ...
Suitable 161,335 ... ...
Not suitable 7,945 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 168,940 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 130,655 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 38,285 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 32,040 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 107,590 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 932 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,019 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 259,370 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 294,911 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 61,680 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 689 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 730 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 332,135 159,930 172,205
Without income 15,095 6,535 8,560
With income 317,030 153,395 163,640
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 26,430 13,130 13,300
$5,000 to $9,999 24,155 9,125 15,035
$10,000 to $14,999 31,190 11,725 19,465
$15,000 to $19,999 28,490 10,810 17,675
$20,000 to $29,999 43,560 18,910 24,655
$30,000 to $39,999 41,580 20,035 21,545
$40,000 to $49,999 33,735 16,330 17,405
$50,000 to $59,999 24,720 13,320 11,400
$60,000 to $79,999 29,850 17,175 12,675
$80,000 to $99,999 14,400 8,935 5,465
$100,000 and over 18,930 13,905 5,025
$100,000 to $124,999 8,510 5,925 2,585
$125,000 and over 10,415 7,980 2,435
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,094 36,278 26,313
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 41,178 48,681 34,145
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 332,135 159,930 172,200
Without after-tax income 15,095 6,560 8,540
With after-tax income 317,040 153,370 163,665
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 27,495 13,330 14,160
$5,000 to $9,999 25,290 9,245 16,040
$10,000 to $14,999 31,385 11,945 19,440
$15,000 to $19,999 31,685 12,410 19,280
$20,000 to $29,999 54,505 24,880 29,620
$30,000 to $39,999 51,200 25,105 26,095
$40,000 to $49,999 35,695 18,640 17,055
$50,000 to $59,999 22,735 12,860 9,875
$60,000 to $79,999 21,415 13,390 8,025
$80,000 to $99,999 7,385 5,235 2,150
$100,000 and over 8,245 6,335 1,920
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,885 31,780 24,180
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,402 38,436 28,685
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.6 91.3 82.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.3 76.1 69.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 68.3 70.5 65.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.0 5.6 4.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.1 4.4 3.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.7 9.3 7.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.4 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.4 8.7 17.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.7 3.2 4.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.3 4.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.3 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.2 3.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.7 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.9 21.1 16.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.1 78.9 84.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.4 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 112,620 61,190 51,430
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,991 52,056 42,458
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 57,946 65,436 49,036
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 112,990 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,972 ... ...
Average family income ($) 95,162 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,798 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 76,804 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 43,380 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,941 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,528 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,743 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,062 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 47,845 ... ...
Median family income ($) 100,321 ... ...
Average family income ($) 120,127 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,603 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 95,727 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 18,495 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,084 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,640 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,590 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,199 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 63,145 28,745 34,405
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,187 32,627 27,568
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,460 39,001 34,337
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,853 28,529 25,208
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,270 31,779 29,008
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 393,285 190,745 202,540
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 197,285 92,260 105,020
In bottom decile 35,455 16,805 18,655
In second decile 35,965 15,480 20,485
In third decile 39,150 18,385 20,765
In fourth decile 41,855 19,980 21,870
In fifth decile 44,850 21,605 23,250
In top half of the Canadian distribution 196,000 98,485 97,515
In sixth decile 41,400 20,445 20,955
In seventh decile 40,370 20,325 20,045
In eighth decile 38,985 19,710 19,270
In ninth decile 37,110 18,775 18,335
In top decile 38,130 19,225 18,905
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 169,280 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,050 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,660 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,820 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,385 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 14,860 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 17,065 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 15,620 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 24,625 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 17,890 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,025 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,970 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,140 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 169,280 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,180 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,695 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,885 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,060 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 18,250 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 20,255 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 20,130 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,790 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 27,110 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 16,480 ... ...
$100,000 and over 26,445 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,165 ... ...
$125,000 and over 14,280 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 169,280 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,319 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,119 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 51,173 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,557 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 52,225 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,727 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,511 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,961 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,785 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 117,060 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 76,258 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 94,344 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,384 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 76,285 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 393,285 190,745 202,535
Less than 18 years 76,310 38,760 37,545
Less than 6 years 24,625 12,260 12,365
18 to 64 years 255,885 124,885 131,000
65 years and over 61,095 27,105 33,990
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 55,475 24,940 30,540
Less than 18 years 11,575 5,735 5,845
Less than 6 years 3,920 1,935 1,990
18 to 64 years 34,930 16,495 18,435
65 years and over 8,965 2,710 6,260
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.1 13.1 15.1
Less than 18 years (%) 15.2 14.8 15.6
Less than 6 years (%) 15.9 15.8 16.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.2 14.1
65 years and over (%) 14.7 10.0 18.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Longueuil, , Quebec (Code 2458) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Longueuil, , Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Longueuil, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Longueuil, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 399,097 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 385,533 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 3.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 175,704 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 169,281 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,413.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 282.43 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 399,095 192,650 206,445
0 to 4 years 20,520 10,490 10,030
5 to 9 years 19,600 9,895 9,710
10 to 14 years 20,985 10,625 10,355
15 to 19 years 25,975 13,155 12,825
15 years 4,875 2,500 2,375
16 years 4,940 2,540 2,400
17 years 5,200 2,715 2,485
18 years 5,385 2,630 2,755
19 years 5,575 2,770 2,805
20 to 24 years 25,430 12,950 12,480
25 to 29 years 23,405 11,785 11,620
30 to 34 years 24,590 12,230 12,360
35 to 39 years 24,680 12,140 12,545
40 to 44 years 26,265 12,820 13,445
45 to 49 years 31,625 15,445 16,180
50 to 54 years 33,285 15,925 17,365
55 to 59 years 29,940 14,320 15,620
60 to 64 years 27,130 12,490 14,645
65 to 69 years 22,545 10,510 12,035
70 to 74 years 15,995 7,350 8,645
75 to 79 years 11,850 5,200 6,655
80 to 84 years 8,320 3,395 4,925
85 years and over 6,955 1,930 5,025
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.8 41.2 44.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.7 83.9 85.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 337,995 161,645 176,350
Married or living with a common-law partner 189,635 94,890 94,745
Married (and not separated) 127,150 63,550 63,595
Living common law 62,480 31,335 31,145
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 148,365 66,755 81,610
Single (never legally married) 98,770 51,975 46,795
Separated 5,560 2,345 3,215
Divorced 25,185 8,865 16,320
Widowed 18,850 3,570 15,280
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 113,385 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 58,215 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 25,320 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 21,475 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 8,375 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 113,385 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 93,335 ... ...
Married couples 62,105 ... ...
Without children at home 30,420 ... ...
With children at home 31,690 ... ...
1 child 12,645 ... ...
2 children 13,305 ... ...
3 or more children 5,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 31,230 ... ...
Without children at home 15,335 ... ...
With children at home 15,895 ... ...
1 child 6,800 ... ...
2 children 6,815 ... ...
3 or more children 2,280 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 20,050 ... ...
Female parent 15,335 ... ...
1 child 9,430 ... ...
2 children 4,520 ... ...
3 or more children 1,395 ... ...
Male parent 4,710 ... ...
1 child 3,030 ... ...
2 children 1,360 ... ...
3 or more children 320 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 115,770 ... ...
Under six years of age 24,430 ... ...
6 to 14 years 36,300 ... ...
15 to 17 years 14,640 ... ...
18 to 24 years 26,840 ... ...
25 years and over 13,550 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 393,285 190,815 202,465
Number of persons not in census families 70,795 31,725 39,070
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,740 3,220 4,525
Living with non-relatives only 10,975 6,400 4,575
Living alone 52,075 22,105 29,965
Number of census family persons 322,490 159,090 163,400
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 60,980 27,205 33,770
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 21,235 5,740 15,500
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,575 585 1,995
Living with non-relatives only 1,325 615 705
Living alone 17,335 4,540 12,795
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 39,735 21,470 18,270
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 169,285 ... ...
Census-family households 111,590 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 104,290 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 87,265 ... ...
Without children 42,895 ... ...
With children 44,370 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 17,025 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 7,305 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 5,560 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,565 ... ...
Without children 1,455 ... ...
With children 2,105 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,000 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,740 ... ...
Non-census-family households 57,690 ... ...
One-person households 52,075 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 5,615 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 169,280 ... ...
Single-detached house 68,590 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 9,330 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 390 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 90,975 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,945 ... ...
Row house 6,535 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,555 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 66,480 ... ...
Other single-attached house 455 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 169,280 ... ...
1 person 52,075 ... ...
2 persons 58,345 ... ...
3 persons 26,165 ... ...
4 persons 22,030 ... ...
5 persons 7,575 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,095 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 393,285 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 395,835 191,565 204,265
  Single responses  385,595 186,370 199,230
    English  29,805 14,675 15,130
    French  294,155 141,480 152,670
    Non-official languages  61,640 30,210 31,425
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 60,930 29,850 31,080
        African languages, n.i.e 50 30 20
        Afrikaans  5 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  20 5 10
        Albanian  70 35 35
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  7,980 4,245 3,735
        Armenian  390 195 190
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 80 40 40
        Bengali  420 225 200
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  315 170 150
        Bisayan languages  50 15 35
        Bosnian  15 5 10
        Bulgarian  700 350 350
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  2,835 1,330 1,505
        Chinese, n.o.s.  6,065 2,930 3,140
        Creoles  3,285 1,515 1,765
        Croatian  125 70 55
        Czech  105 40 60
        Danish  20 10 10
        Dutch  215 105 110
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  15 0 10
        Flemish  40 15 20
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  765 370 390
        Greek  1,985 1,055 930
        Gujarati  235 110 125
        Hakka  35 15 25
        Hebrew  30 20 15
        Hindi  310 150 160
        Hungarian  360 185 170
        Ilocano  35 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 45 20 25
        Italian  2,590 1,390 1,200
        Japanese  115 35 80
        Khmer (Cambodian)  380 165 215
        Korean  385 175 210
        Kurdish  25 15 10
        Lao  415 200 215
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  85 35 45
        Lithuanian  65 30 40
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  35 10 25
        Malayalam  55 20 30
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  1,520 695 825
        Marathi  15 5 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 260 150 115
        Norwegian  20 10 15
        Oromo  285 165 125
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  500 250 250
        Pashto  45 25 25
        Persian (Farsi)  3,460 1,775 1,690
        Polish  895 380 510
        Portuguese  2,295 1,105 1,185
        Romanian  3,070 1,470 1,605
        Rundi (Kirundi)  105 65 45
        Russian  1,365 605 760
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  75 30 40
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  120 60 60
        Serbo-Croatian  40 15 25
        Shanghainese  20 15 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Sindhi  30 5 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 15 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Slovak  85 40 50
        Slovenian  185 80 105
        Somali  10 5 10
        Spanish  10,660 5,140 5,525
        Swahili  65 35 30
        Swedish  25 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  560 175 380
        Taiwanese  110 50 55
        Tamil  235 120 120
        Telugu  45 20 20
        Thai  30 5 25
        Tibetan languages  55 30 20
        Tigrigna  30 10 20
        Turkish  300 155 145
        Ukrainian  260 115 145
        Urdu  770 385 385
        Vietnamese  2,450 1,175 1,275
        Yiddish  10 10 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 695 360 335
  Multiple responses          10,230 5,195 5,040
    English and French  4,490 2,240 2,250
    English and non-official language  1,195 615 575
    French and non-official language  3,650 1,860 1,795
    English, French and non-official language 905 480 425
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 395,830 191,565 204,265
  English only 17,115 8,375 8,745
  French only 158,270 68,940 89,335
  English and French 215,120 112,100 103,020
  Neither English nor French 5,325 2,155 3,170
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 395,830 191,565 204,270
  English 47,125 23,325 23,805
  French 325,235 156,585 168,645
  English and French 18,330 9,590 8,740
  Neither English nor French 5,140 2,070 3,075
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 56,290 28,115 28,175
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 14.2 14.7 13.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 395,830 191,570 204,270
  Single responses 379,185 183,325 195,865
    English 37,380 18,330 19,055
    French 304,765 147,160 157,605
    Non-official languages 37,040 17,835 19,200
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 36,810 17,725 19,085
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 55 30 30
        Amharic 5 5 0
        Arabic 3,720 1,880 1,845
        Armenian 190 90 100
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15
        Bengali 280 140 140
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 90 45 45
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5
        Bosnian 5 0 5
        Bulgarian 545 270 280
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 2,450 1,175 1,270
        Chinese, n.o.s. 5,090 2,470 2,615
        Creoles 1,225 515 710
        Croatian 40 15 25
        Czech 45 20 25
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 35 15 20
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 5
        Fukien 0 5 0
        German 120 55 60
        Greek 1,030 530 500
        Gujarati 100 40 55
        Hakka 10 0 5
        Hebrew 10 0 10
        Hindi 145 65 80
        Hungarian 135 55 80
        Ilocano 10 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Italian 540 230 305
        Japanese 65 20 40
        Khmer (Cambodian) 185 75 105
        Korean 320 150 175
        Kurdish 5 5 5
        Lao 220 110 110
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 10 0 5
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 20 10 10
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 1,315 625 695
        Marathi 5 0 5
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 45 30 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 305 140 165
        Pashto 40 20 20
        Persian (Farsi) 2,690 1,330 1,355
        Polish 380 170 210
        Portuguese 1,065 510 550
        Romanian 2,250 1,100 1,150
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5
        Russian 1,085 530 555
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 70 35 40
        Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10
        Shanghainese 5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 40 15
        Sindhi 15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Slovak 20 10 10
        Slovenian 80 35 45
        Somali 10 5 5
        Spanish 7,350 3,535 3,820
        Swahili 20 5 10
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 80 120
        Taiwanese 65 35 30
        Tamil 160 75 85
        Telugu 20 10 10
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 45 25 20
        Tigrigna 10 0 10
        Turkish 215 105 115
        Ukrainian 90 40 50
        Urdu 500 240 260
        Vietnamese 1,770 840 930
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 235 115 120
  Multiple responses         16,645 8,240 8,405
    English and French 4,870 2,440 2,430
    English and non-official language 2,355 1,145 1,200
    French and non-official language 7,270 3,545 3,715
    English, French and non-official language 2,155 1,105 1,050
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 395,830 191,565 204,265
  None 323,430 155,670 167,755
  Single responses  66,785 33,070 33,720
    English  29,530 14,970 14,565
    French  19,710 9,625 10,085
    Non-official languages  17,545 8,470 9,070
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 5 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 17,120 8,260 8,860
        African languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  5 0 0
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  2,975 1,540 1,430
        Armenian  85 40 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 30 30
        Bengali  90 50 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  90 45 50
        Bisayan languages  10 5 10
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  85 50 40
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  330 155 180
        Chinese, n.o.s.  690 315 375
        Creoles  2,445 1,105 1,340
        Croatian  40 20 15
        Czech  25 10 10
        Danish  10 5 10
        Dutch  50 20 30
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  330 155 180
        Greek  640 330 315
        Gujarati  105 55 55
        Hakka  25 15 15
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  155 70 85
        Hungarian  90 60 35
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 5 15
        Italian  940 465 470
        Japanese  60 30 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  120 55 60
        Korean  40 15 25
        Kurdish  5 0 5
        Lao  120 60 60
        Latvian  10 0 5
        Lingala  135 65 75
        Lithuanian  15 5 15
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  15 5 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  270 120 145
        Marathi  15 5 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 155 80 80
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  115 60 55
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  150 80 75
        Pashto  5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  340 190 150
        Polish  225 90 135
        Portuguese  695 330 370
        Romanian  475 230 250
        Rundi (Kirundi)  45 20 25
        Russian  255 100 155
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  40 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 15 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  15 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Sindhi  20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  20 10 10
        Slovenian  55 20 30
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,845 1,395 1,450
        Swahili  65 25 35
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  240 80 165
        Taiwanese  45 20 25
        Tamil  60 35 30
        Telugu  25 10 10
        Thai  25 10 15
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  5 5 5
        Turkish  65 35 25
        Ukrainian  50 15 30
        Urdu  275 140 140
        Vietnamese  510 245 265
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 410 210 195
  Multiple responses          5,620 2,830 2,790
    English and French  2,700 1,355 1,335
    English and non-official language  1,760 900 860
    French and non-official language  1,095 535 560
    English, French and non-official language  75 40 30

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Longueuil, , Quebec (Code 2458) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Longueuil, Territoire équivalent (Census Division), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Longueuil, , Quebec (Census division)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Longueuil, Territoire équivalent (Census Division), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • NHS Data Tables, Longueuil, Territoire équivalent (Census Division), Quebec