NHS Profile, Les Moulins, MRC, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Les Moulins, MRC, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Les Moulins, MRC
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 147,485 73,395 74,085
Canadian citizens 145,870 72,605 73,265
Canadian citizens aged under 18 36,195 18,625 17,565
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 109,670 53,970 55,700
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,620 795 825
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 147,490 73,395 74,090
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 139,030 69,190 69,845
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 8,305 4,130 4,175
Before 1971 1,115 640 470
1971 to 1980 1,345 655 685
1981 to 1990 1,345 710 635
1991 to 2000 1,715 780 940
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,785 1,340 1,450
2001 to 2005 1,705 805 895
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,080 535 545
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 145 75 70
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 8,305 4,130 4,175
Under 5 years 1,130 555 575
5 to 14 years 1,765 880 890
15 to 24 years 1,865 935 925
25 to 44 years 3,200 1,655 1,545
45 years and over 340 105 235
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 147,485 73,400 74,090
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 139,035 69,190 69,840
Born in province of residence 136,695 68,010 68,685
Born outside province of residence 2,340 1,185 1,160
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 8,300 4,130 4,170
Americas 3,510 1,555 1,955
United States 275 100 175
Jamaica 20 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 2,025 895 1,130
Mexico 70 25 45
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 130 50 80
El Salvador 215 85 130
Peru 125 55 70
Chile 55 15 40
Other places of birth in Americas 585 305 280
Europe 2,660 1,505 1,155
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 85 45 40
Italy 580 385 195
Germany 75 40 30
Poland 40 20 25
Portugal 360 180 185
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 770 415 355
Romania 215 110 105
Russian Federation 35 0 0
Greece 30 25 0
Ukraine 15 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 45 20 25
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 345 195 155
Africa 1,460 760 700
Morocco 490 240 255
Algeria 475 240 235
Egypt 15 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 475 280 195
Asia 665 310 360
India 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 200 55 140
Philippines 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 55 20 30
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 160 110 50
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 40 30 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 25 0 15
Other places of birth in Asia 120 65 65
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 145 75 70
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,085 535 550
Americas 440 185 250
United States 20 0 20
Mexico 20 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 255 95 160
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 30 15 20
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 70 45 20
Europe 205 120 90
France 80 55 30
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 20 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 65 40 30
Africa 335 195 140
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 140 70 65
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 70 30 45
Tunisia 40 35 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 70 50 0
Asia 105 25 75
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 55 0 45
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 15 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 147,485 73,400 74,090
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 8,570 4,275 4,295
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 10,260 5,050 5,210
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 128,655 64,070 64,585
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 147,490 73,395 74,090
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 9,370 4,345 5,030
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 195 75 120
Chinese 260 85 175
Black 5,510 2,575 2,940
Filipino 30 0 20
Latin American 1,490 680 805
Arab 1,255 610 650
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 305 140 170
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 85 65 0
Korean 75 35 35
Japanese 15 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 65 30 35
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 90 30 65
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 138,110 69,050 69,060
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 147,485 73,395 74,090
North American Aboriginal origins 5,230 2,410 2,820
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,795 2,245 2,545
Inuit 35 25 0
Métis 430 155 270
Other North American origins 108,690 53,645 55,040
Acadian 500 215 285
American 775 345 430
Canadian 105,745 52,235 53,505
New Brunswicker 20 15 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 30 25 0
Québécois 2,815 1,400 1,420
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 56,790 28,585 28,205
British Isles origins 11,170 5,380 5,790
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,615 1,235 1,380
Irish 7,480 3,510 3,970
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,360 1,210 1,155
Welsh 20 0 25
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 105 45 65
French origins 39,135 19,500 19,630
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 365 140 225
French 38,865 19,400 19,465
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,450 1,730 1,720
Austrian 90 50 35
Belgian 1,175 610 565
Dutch 150 85 65
Flemish 40 25 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,855 880 975
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 190 105 85
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 205 90 110
Danish 40 10 25
Finnish 0 0 0
Icelandic 20 0 0
Norwegian 55 15 40
Swedish 50 35 15
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 40 20 20
Eastern European origins 1,745 960 785
Bulgarian 50 25 20
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 40 35 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 50 0 50
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 240 155 80
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 40 30 0
Moldovan 20 0 0
Polish 520 265 265
Romanian 440 225 220
Russian 160 105 55
Slovak 50 35 20
Ukrainian 330 190 140
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 10,475 5,385 5,095
Albanian 50 35 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 45 30 10
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 345 180 165
Italian 7,655 3,970 3,680
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,280 665 615
Serbian 0 0 0
Sicilian 15 0 0
Slovenian 15 0 0
Spanish 1,450 690 755
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 110 50 60
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 285 150 130
Basque 70 35 35
Jewish 95 50 45
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 115 65 50
Caribbean origins 4,785 2,150 2,635
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 55 30 30
Dominican 290 65 225
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 4,285 1,930 2,350
Jamaican 55 45 0
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 45 30 15
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 110 70 45
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,855 865 990
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 50 30 20
Argentinian 55 30 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 30 0 0
Brazilian 65 25 45
Chilean 100 30 65
Colombian 205 100 110
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 235 130 105
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 15 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 25 0 0
Mexican 140 60 85
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 10 10 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 350 175 175
Salvadorean 425 185 240
Uruguayan 65 40 20
Venezuelan 130 30 95
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 2,585 1,325 1,260
Central and West African origins 610 330 280
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 10 10 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 20 15 10
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 310 165 145
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 25 0 15
Guinean 110 60 50
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 15 0 10
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 20 0 0
Peulh 15 0 0
Senegalese 75 35 40
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 1,415 710 700
Algerian 420 245 180
Berber 255 150 105
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 70 30 40
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 620 270 355
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 85 55 30
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 155 75 75
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 60 25 35
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 10 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 60 30 25
Seychellois 10 10 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 445 215 225
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 30 20 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 420 195 220
Asian origins 2,105 1,090 1,015
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,150 660 495
Afghan 35 30 0
Arab, n.o.s. 395 230 165
Armenian 160 95 65
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 20 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 415 235 180
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 95 30 65
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 70 35 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 250 120 130
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 205 100 105
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 20 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 725 310 410
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 60 30 35
Chinese 315 115 195
Filipino 45 15 25
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 30 10 25
Korean 70 40 25
Laotian 40 0 20
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 205 105 100
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 147,485 73,395 74,090
Buddhist 125 50 70
Christian 129,340 63,490 65,845
Anglican 220 90 135
Baptist 880 385 495
Catholic 122,455 60,225 62,225
Christian Orthodox 560 280 275
Lutheran 25 10 0
Pentecostal 515 245 270
Presbyterian 35 15 20
United Church 125 45 80
Other Christian 4,530 2,190 2,340
Hindu 0 0 0
Jewish 60 40 20
Muslim 1,750 945 805
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 75 30 50
No religious affiliation 16,130 8,840 7,295
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 147,490 73,395 74,090
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,060 485 570
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 675 310 360
Métis single identity 295 120 175
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 75 40 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 146,425 72,915 73,515
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 147,485 73,395 74,090
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 240 125 115
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 147,245 73,275 73,975
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 147,485 73,395 74,085
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,230 2,415 2,820
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,790 2,245 2,550
Métis ancestry 430 155 270
Inuit ancestry 35 25 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 142,255 70,985 71,270
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 13,920 6,655 7,265
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,900 6,635 7,265
Italian 2,715 1,450 1,270
Portuguese 845 430 415
Romanian 305 155 150
Spanish 4,620 2,040 2,585
Dutch 0 0 0
Flemish 0 0 0
German 240 100 145
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 40 20 20
Croatian 15 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 65 40 30
Russian 100 60 45
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 25 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 125 65 60
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 40 25 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 60 40 25
Turkish 25 20 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 85 50 35
Oromo 110 55 50
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,405 735 675
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 20 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 60 40 25
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 0
Korean 15 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 70 40
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 30 30
Vietnamese 75 45 30
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 20 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 175 75 95
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 0 0
Swahili 30 15 15
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 2,965 1,330 1,640
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 280 135 145
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 145,530 72,375 73,155
Non-movers 129,995 64,850 65,150
Movers 15,530 7,525 8,005
Non-migrants 6,760 3,225 3,530
Migrants 8,770 4,300 4,470
Internal migrants 8,565 4,225 4,340
Intraprovincial migrants 8,415 4,160 4,260
Interprovincial migrants 150 70 80
External migrants 205 75 130
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 136,950 67,960 68,990
Non-movers 84,105 41,975 42,135
Movers 52,850 25,990 26,860
Non-migrants 21,605 10,445 11,160
Migrants 31,245 15,545 15,700
Internal migrants 30,325 15,110 15,215
Intraprovincial migrants 29,835 14,890 14,945
Interprovincial migrants 490 220 270
External migrants 920 430 485
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 117,825 58,190 59,635
No certificate, diploma or degree 26,445 13,640 12,805
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 28,145 12,865 15,275
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 63,235 31,680 31,555
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 24,815 15,150 9,665
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 20,165 8,905 11,260
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,075 2,165 2,910
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,185 5,460 7,725
Bachelor's degree 9,960 3,845 6,115
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,220 1,610 1,610
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 84,495 41,760 42,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 12,985 6,875 6,105
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,510 8,500 10,010
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 53,010 26,390 26,620
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 20,460 12,290 8,170
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,385 7,450 8,930
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,260 1,810 2,450
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 11,905 4,845 7,060
Bachelor's degree 8,990 3,460 5,530
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,920 1,390 1,530
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 117,820 58,190 59,635
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 54,590 26,510 28,075
Education 4,500 1,145 3,365
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,245 975 1,275
Humanities 2,360 945 1,410
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,625 1,085 3,540
Business, management and public administration 14,425 4,745 9,685
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,335 695 640
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,525 1,920 600
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 16,695 15,565 1,130
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 640 400 245
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,645 1,170 6,470
Personal, protective and transportation services 6,240 3,040 3,200
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 117,820 58,190 59,635
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 54,585 26,510 28,080
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 63,235 31,685 31,555
Location of study inside Canada 61,430 30,700 30,725
Same as province or territory of residence 60,920 30,405 30,515
Another province or territory 515 300 215
Location of study outside Canada 1,805 980 825
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 90,060 46,505 43,550
Single responses 86,560 44,515 42,050
English 3,535 2,135 1,400
French 82,930 42,335 40,595
Non-official languages 95 45 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 20 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 70 25 40
Multiple responses 3,500 1,990 1,505
English and French 3,310 1,910 1,400
English and non-official language 30 0 0
French and non-official language 40 0 25
English, French and non-official language 115 45 65
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 90,060 46,510 43,555
English 3,535 2,140 1,400
French 82,930 42,335 40,600
Non-official language 90 45 45
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 90 40 45
English and French 3,315 1,910 1,405
English and non-official language 30 0 0
French and non-official language 35 0 25
English, French and non-official language 110 50 65
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 117,825 58,190 59,635
In the labour force 86,270 44,445 41,825
Employed 81,850 42,110 39,735
Unemployed 4,420 2,330 2,090
Not in the labour force 31,555 13,745 17,810
Participation rate 73.2 76.4 70.1
Employment rate 69.5 72.4 66.6
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.2 5.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 86,270 44,445 41,825
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,350 610 735
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 84,920 43,835 41,085
Employee 76,360 38,470 37,890
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,565 5,360 3,195
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 86,265 44,445 41,825
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,345 610 740
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 84,925 43,830 41,090
0 Management occupations 8,625 5,720 2,900
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 14,585 3,925 10,660
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,640 3,635 1,010
3 Health occupations 5,285 715 4,575
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,660 2,665 6,995
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,670 685 985
6 Sales and service occupations 19,320 8,190 11,135
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 15,850 14,740 1,105
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 700 585 115
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 4,580 2,970 1,615
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 86,270 44,445 41,825
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,350 610 735
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 84,920 43,830 41,085
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 360 255 100
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 105 95 0
22 Utilities 780 540 235
23 Construction 8,385 7,270 1,115
31-33 Manufacturing 10,705 7,230 3,485
41 Wholesale trade 4,240 2,955 1,290
44-45 Retail trade 11,885 5,460 6,425
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,285 3,175 1,105
51 Information and cultural industries 1,965 1,125 845
52 Finance and insurance 3,160 1,050 2,110
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,410 755 660
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,380 2,275 2,105
55 Management of companies and enterprises 110 60 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,445 1,935 1,505
61 Educational services 5,460 1,480 3,980
62 Health care and social assistance 10,135 1,495 8,645
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,350 775 575
72 Accommodation and food services 4,075 1,540 2,535
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,730 1,785 1,940
91 Public administration 4,955 2,580 2,375
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 86,265 44,445 41,825
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,435 1,575 1,860
Worked in 2010 82,835 42,870 39,965
1 to 13 weeks 3,345 1,445 1,905
14 to 26 weeks 5,345 2,510 2,835
27 to 39 weeks 4,485 2,580 1,905
40 to 48 weeks 16,640 8,850 7,785
49 to 52 weeks 53,020 27,485 25,535
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.6 45.9 45.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 86,265 44,440 41,825
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,435 1,575 1,860
Worked in 2010 82,830 42,870 39,965
Worked full-time in 2010 68,905 38,180 30,725
Worked part-time in 2010 13,925 4,690 9,235
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 81,845 42,110 39,735
Worked at home 4,030 1,845 2,185
Worked outside Canada 70 60 15
No fixed workplace address 8,855 6,900 1,955
Worked at usual place 68,895 33,315 35,580
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 77,750 40,210 37,540
Car, truck or van - as a driver 68,915 36,595 32,320
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,575 955 1,615
Public transit 3,840 1,425 2,420
Walked 1,520 655 870
Bicycle 355 290 65
Other methods 540 290 255
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 77,745 40,210 37,535
Median commuting duration 30.3 30.5 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 77,750 40,210 37,535
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 30,130 19,325 10,805
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,075 12,755 19,320
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 15,545 8,130 7,415
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 55,175 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 53,030 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,150 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 55,175 ... ...
1960 or before 3,030 ... ...
1961 to 1980 14,335 ... ...
1981 to 1990 12,230 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,640 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,165 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 8,780 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 55,175 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 11,630 ... ...
5 rooms 8,120 ... ...
6 rooms 7,835 ... ...
7 rooms 9,080 ... ...
8 or more rooms 18,515 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 55,175 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,360 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,355 ... ...
3 bedrooms 22,570 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,890 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 55,175 ... ...
Owner 44,780 ... ...
Renter 10,400 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 55,180 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,895 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 50,280 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 55,175 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,340 ... ...
2 household maintainers 25,360 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 475 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 55,175 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,495 ... ...
25 to 34 years 9,490 ... ...
35 to 44 years 12,420 ... ...
45 to 54 years 14,180 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,685 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,505 ... ...
75 years and over 2,390 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 55,175 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 54,785 ... ...
More than one person per room 390 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 55,180 ... ...
Suitable 52,985 ... ...
Not suitable 2,190 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 55,115 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 43,910 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 11,200 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 9,680 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 44,740 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 74.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,112 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,108 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 230,107 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 247,711 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 10,395 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 4.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 34.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 734 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 742 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 117,825 58,190 59,635
Without income 6,410 2,905 3,505
With income 111,415 55,290 56,130
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,370 4,020 4,350
$5,000 to $9,999 7,285 2,345 4,940
$10,000 to $14,999 9,410 3,325 6,085
$15,000 to $19,999 10,005 3,520 6,485
$20,000 to $29,999 15,355 6,440 8,920
$30,000 to $39,999 16,585 7,790 8,800
$40,000 to $49,999 13,520 7,160 6,360
$50,000 to $59,999 10,295 5,940 4,355
$60,000 to $79,999 12,270 8,500 3,770
$80,000 to $99,999 4,660 3,315 1,350
$100,000 and over 3,645 2,930 720
$100,000 to $124,999 2,005 1,605 405
$125,000 and over 1,635 1,330 315
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,144 40,150 26,922
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,427 45,604 31,357
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 117,820 58,190 59,635
Without after-tax income 6,390 2,895 3,495
With after-tax income 111,435 55,290 56,145
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,670 4,050 4,615
$5,000 to $9,999 7,425 2,395 5,030
$10,000 to $14,999 9,685 3,515 6,170
$15,000 to $19,999 11,425 4,085 7,340
$20,000 to $29,999 19,335 8,540 10,800
$30,000 to $39,999 20,730 10,645 10,090
$40,000 to $49,999 15,230 8,770 6,465
$50,000 to $59,999 9,360 6,265 3,090
$60,000 to $79,999 6,935 4,895 2,035
$80,000 to $99,999 1,505 1,215 295
$100,000 and over 1,135 910 220
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,600 34,765 24,724
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,957 36,914 27,075
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.6 91.8 81.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.5 81.1 74.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 75.4 78.0 71.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.2 3.0 3.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.9 3.6 1.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.0 5.9 3.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.2 1.1 1.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.4 8.2 18.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.5 3.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.2 1.6 3.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.6 2.0 3.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.6 0.2 5.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.2 1.9 2.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.8 19.0 13.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.2 81.0 86.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.0 2.4 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 46,320 25,280 21,045
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,874 50,702 37,051
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 48,522 55,225 40,470
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 43,440 ... ...
Median family income ($) 79,244 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,424 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,532 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,917 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 14,340 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,301 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,468 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,491 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 62,803 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 21,690 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,897 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,799 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,166 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 85,280 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 6,315 ... ...
Median family income ($) 48,090 ... ...
Average family income ($) 54,653 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,037 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,799 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 14,080 7,355 6,720
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,788 39,068 25,150
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,444 43,150 31,199
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,604 33,276 23,103
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,045 34,993 26,724
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 147,490 73,400 74,090
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 72,400 34,960 37,445
In bottom decile 8,915 4,220 4,695
In second decile 11,290 4,830 6,460
In third decile 15,135 7,245 7,890
In fourth decile 17,190 8,540 8,645
In fifth decile 19,870 10,125 9,745
In top half of the Canadian distribution 75,085 38,435 36,650
In sixth decile 19,620 9,830 9,795
In seventh decile 18,810 9,640 9,170
In eighth decile 16,820 8,660 8,155
In ninth decile 13,355 7,000 6,350
In top decile 6,480 3,310 3,170
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 55,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 915 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 635 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,175 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,040 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,340 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,950 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,385 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,625 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 9,485 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,045 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,785 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,705 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,085 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 55,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 955 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 640 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,175 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,030 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,290 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,620 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,085 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 11,190 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,725 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,260 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,965 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,295 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 55,175 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,446 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,593 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,335 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 64,539 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 10,600 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,563 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,537 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 29,994 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,916 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 44,580 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 79,395 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 86,878 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,735 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 72,296 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 147,485 73,400 74,090
Less than 18 years 36,485 18,790 17,690
Less than 6 years 12,700 6,560 6,135
18 to 64 years 98,010 48,450 49,560
65 years and over 12,990 6,150 6,840
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 14,155 6,155 8,000
Less than 18 years 3,720 1,905 1,815
Less than 6 years 1,205 665 535
18 to 64 years 8,550 3,655 4,900
65 years and over 1,885 600 1,280
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 9.6 8.4 10.8
Less than 18 years (%) 10.2 10.1 10.3
Less than 6 years (%) 9.5 10.1 8.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.7 7.5 9.9
65 years and over (%) 14.5 9.8 18.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Les Moulins, MRC, Quebec (Code 2464) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Les Moulins, MRC, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Les Moulins, MRC, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Les Moulins, MRC
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 148,813 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 128,467 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 15.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 56,572 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 55,177 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 569.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 261.38 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 148,815 73,865 74,945
0 to 4 years 10,545 5,390 5,150
5 to 9 years 9,375 4,870 4,510
10 to 14 years 9,690 4,960 4,730
15 to 19 years 11,355 5,835 5,520
15 years 2,265 1,155 1,115
16 years 2,230 1,155 1,075
17 years 2,305 1,150 1,155
18 years 2,330 1,205 1,125
19 years 2,225 1,175 1,050
20 to 24 years 9,060 4,575 4,480
25 to 29 years 8,515 4,175 4,340
30 to 34 years 11,255 5,385 5,865
35 to 39 years 11,470 5,630 5,840
40 to 44 years 11,265 5,600 5,660
45 to 49 years 12,895 6,345 6,545
50 to 54 years 12,080 6,005 6,080
55 to 59 years 9,480 4,735 4,750
60 to 64 years 7,765 3,805 3,960
65 to 69 years 5,850 2,900 2,945
70 to 74 years 3,535 1,690 1,845
75 to 79 years 2,330 1,110 1,225
80 to 84 years 1,380 595 785
85 years and over 980 270 715
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.9 36.5 37.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.1 79.4 80.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 119,210 58,645 60,560
Married or living with a common-law partner 74,655 37,250 37,400
Married (and not separated) 40,940 20,460 20,475
Living common law 33,715 16,785 16,925
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 44,560 21,390 23,165
Single (never legally married) 31,945 17,175 14,775
Separated 1,640 695 945
Divorced 6,650 2,555 4,095
Widowed 4,325 975 3,350
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 43,840 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 19,460 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 10,465 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 10,215 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,695 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 43,835 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 36,945 ... ...
Married couples 20,105 ... ...
Without children at home 8,965 ... ...
With children at home 11,140 ... ...
1 child 4,120 ... ...
2 children 4,940 ... ...
3 or more children 2,085 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,840 ... ...
Without children at home 6,395 ... ...
With children at home 10,445 ... ...
1 child 4,165 ... ...
2 children 4,800 ... ...
3 or more children 1,480 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,895 ... ...
Female parent 5,020 ... ...
1 child 2,870 ... ...
2 children 1,650 ... ...
3 or more children 495 ... ...
Male parent 1,870 ... ...
1 child 1,230 ... ...
2 children 530 ... ...
3 or more children 105 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 49,970 ... ...
Under six years of age 12,455 ... ...
6 to 14 years 16,940 ... ...
15 to 17 years 6,665 ... ...
18 to 24 years 10,520 ... ...
25 years and over 3,385 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 147,485 73,390 74,095
Number of persons not in census families 16,730 8,245 8,490
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,765 1,185 1,585
Living with non-relatives only 3,315 1,880 1,430
Living alone 10,650 5,180 5,470
Number of census family persons 130,755 65,145 65,610
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,035 6,255 6,780
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,040 1,270 2,775
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 940 265 675
Living with non-relatives only 440 235 210
Living alone 2,655 770 1,890
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,995 4,985 4,010
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 55,175 ... ...
Census-family households 43,125 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 39,980 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 34,325 ... ...
Without children 14,145 ... ...
With children 20,180 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,655 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,145 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,445 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,635 ... ...
Without children 615 ... ...
With children 1,020 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 810 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 700 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,055 ... ...
One-person households 10,650 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,405 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 55,180 ... ...
Single-detached house 37,280 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 95 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 380 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 17,425 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,485 ... ...
Row house 710 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,835 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,275 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 55,180 ... ...
1 person 10,650 ... ...
2 persons 18,665 ... ...
3 persons 10,665 ... ...
4 persons 10,450 ... ...
5 persons 3,335 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,405 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 147,485 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 148,310 73,685 74,630
  Single responses  146,355 72,680 73,675
    English  3,205 1,620 1,585
    French  135,520 67,165 68,355
    Non-official languages  7,630 3,900 3,735
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,570 3,865 3,705
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 5 0
        Albanian  10 10 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  795 450 350
        Armenian  30 20 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  45 20 20
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  35 20 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  85 45 45
        Creoles  1,540 690 850
        Croatian  10 0 5
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  15 10 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  65 30 35
        Greek  75 45 25
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  5 0 5
        Hungarian  45 20 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,555 900 660
        Japanese  10 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  95 40 50
        Korean  10 0 5
        Kurdish  10 5 0
        Lao  35 15 20
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  30 10 15
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  20 10 10
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  85 45 40
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 10 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  45 20 25
        Polish  105 50 50
        Portuguese  495 260 230
        Romanian  290 140 145
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 5 5
        Russian  85 35 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 15 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  1,670 805 870
        Swahili  0 0 0
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 0 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  45 25 20
        Ukrainian  20 15 10
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  65 40 30
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 60 35 30
  Multiple responses          1,955 1,005 955
    English and French  965 500 465
    English and non-official language  135 70 65
    French and non-official language  735 365 375
    English, French and non-official language 115 65 55
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 148,315 73,680 74,630
  English only 615 305 310
  French only 88,415 41,285 47,125
  English and French 58,990 31,980 27,010
  Neither English nor French 290 110 185
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 148,310 73,685 74,630
  English 4,535 2,310 2,220
  French 141,910 70,375 71,540
  English and French 1,590 895 695
  Neither English nor French 280 100 175
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 5,330 2,760 2,570
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.6 3.7 3.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 148,315 73,685 74,630
  Single responses 145,480 72,245 73,230
    English 3,535 1,790 1,745
    French 139,275 69,180 70,095
    Non-official languages 2,670 1,275 1,390
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,645 1,270 1,380
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
        Albanian 5 5 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 205 105 105
        Armenian 5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 10 15
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 20 10 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 0 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 25
        Creoles 440 180 255
        Croatian 5 5 0
        Czech 0 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 5 5 5
        Greek 10 5 5
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 5 0 5
        Hungarian 15 10 5
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 230 120 110
        Japanese 0 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20
        Korean 10 5 0
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 20 5 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 15 10 10
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 30 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 5 5
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 45 15 25
        Polish 35 20 20
        Portuguese 120 55 65
        Romanian 205 105 105
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0
        Russian 40 15 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 5 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 950 455 495
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 45 25 20
        Ukrainian 0 0 0
        Urdu 0 0 0
        Vietnamese 35 15 15
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 20 10 10
  Multiple responses         2,830 1,435 1,400
    English and French 1,045 540 500
    English and non-official language 125 65 60
    French and non-official language 1,385 680 700
    English, French and non-official language 280 145 135
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 148,310 73,680 74,630
  None 134,235 66,660 67,575
  Single responses  13,290 6,625 6,660
    English  7,080 3,590 3,490
    French  2,620 1,300 1,315
    Non-official languages  3,590 1,735 1,855
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,545 1,710 1,835
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  370 195 170
        Armenian  10 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  0 0 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  15 10 5
        Creoles  1,265 560 710
        Croatian  0 0 0
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 0 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  20 10 15
        Greek  45 25 20
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  10 10 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  595 315 275
        Japanese  5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 25 35
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  35 15 20
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  5 5 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  45 20 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  5 5 0
        Polish  25 10 20
        Portuguese  195 110 85
        Romanian  50 15 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 5
        Russian  30 10 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  640 310 335
        Swahili  0 0 0
        Swedish  0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5 5 5
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 0
        Ukrainian  0 0 0
        Urdu  0 5 0
        Vietnamese  15 5 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 25 20
  Multiple responses          790 395 395
    English and French  140 70 70
    English and non-official language  455 230 225
    French and non-official language  195 95 100
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Les Moulins, MRC, Quebec (Code 2464) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Map

Map: Les Moulins, Municipalité régionale de comté (Census Division), Quebec

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