NHS Profile, Montréal, , Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Montréal, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
Canadian citizens 1,610,495 781,695 828,800
Canadian citizens aged under 18 309,515 158,815 150,700
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,300,980 622,875 678,105
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 234,000 116,390 117,610
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 1,179,055 572,885 606,170
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 612,935 297,420 315,515
Before 1971 98,545 46,790 51,755
1971 to 1980 66,335 31,995 34,345
1981 to 1990 81,370 39,640 41,725
1991 to 2000 121,885 58,475 63,415
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 244,800 120,530 124,275
2001 to 2005 92,190 45,175 47,015
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 152,615 75,350 77,260
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 52,505 27,780 24,720
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 612,935 297,420 315,515
Under 5 years 53,590 26,705 26,890
5 to 14 years 93,385 46,615 46,770
15 to 24 years 134,150 61,070 73,080
25 to 44 years 286,745 143,115 143,635
45 years and over 45,060 19,920 25,140
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 1,179,060 572,885 606,170
Born in province of residence 1,105,710 537,920 567,790
Born outside province of residence 73,350 34,970 38,385
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 612,930 297,415 315,515
Americas 134,825 61,125 73,700
United States 13,065 6,500 6,565
Jamaica 4,045 1,545 2,495
Guyana 1,955 815 1,140
Haiti 45,270 19,675 25,595
Mexico 9,995 4,770 5,225
Trinidad and Tobago 3,195 1,400 1,790
Colombia 8,060 3,690 4,370
El Salvador 6,540 3,380 3,160
Peru 7,255 3,205 4,045
Chile 4,215 2,040 2,180
Other places of birth in Americas 31,230 14,100 17,130
Europe 176,540 85,140 91,400
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 8,350 4,170 4,180
Italy 45,330 21,895 23,430
Germany 4,475 2,045 2,425
Poland 8,230 3,485 4,750
Portugal 9,515 4,380 5,130
Netherlands 1,085 550 530
France 30,555 15,785 14,770
Romania 13,760 6,520 7,235
Russian Federation 7,785 3,455 4,330
Greece 12,330 6,195 6,135
Ukraine 5,160 2,235 2,920
Croatia 855 390 470
Hungary 3,185 1,520 1,665
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,105 540 565
Serbia 800 390 410
Ireland, Republic of 600 290 310
Other places of birth in Europe 23,415 11,285 12,130
Africa 118,630 62,925 55,705
Morocco 32,540 17,050 15,495
Algeria 33,905 18,010 15,895
Egypt 11,950 6,080 5,865
South Africa, Republic of 500 235 270
Nigeria 820 495 325
Ethiopia 665 305 360
Kenya 405 180 225
Other places of birth in Africa 37,845 20,575 17,270
Asia 182,200 87,835 94,355
India 13,135 6,850 6,275
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 28,140 12,470 15,670
Philippines 19,470 7,400 12,075
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 3,015 1,390 1,625
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 19,750 9,510 10,240
Pakistan 6,785 3,675 3,115
Sri Lanka 10,045 5,130 4,915
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 9,135 4,640 4,495
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 3,020 1,370 1,650
Lebanon 21,470 11,720 9,750
Taiwan 1,580 650 925
Iraq 2,345 1,150 1,195
Bangladesh 7,210 3,685 3,525
Afghanistan 1,500 715 780
Japan 1,210 335 880
Turkey 4,795 2,485 2,310
Other places of birth in Asia 29,600 14,660 14,940
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 740 385 350
Fiji 45 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 695 360 335
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 52,505 27,785 24,725
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 152,610 75,355 77,260
Americas 35,355 16,875 18,480
United States 3,705 2,065 1,640
Mexico 6,065 2,980 3,085
Cuba 965 505 455
Haiti 10,335 4,775 5,560
Jamaica 125 60 65
Brazil 2,200 1,065 1,135
Colombia 4,020 1,935 2,090
Guyana 75 0 55
Peru 1,945 860 1,085
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,265 565 700
Other places of birth in Americas 4,665 2,040 2,620
Europe 26,480 13,430 13,055
France 9,495 5,105 4,390
Germany 380 250 125
Poland 230 75 155
Romania 3,260 1,505 1,750
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 3,500 1,720 1,780
Russian Federation 2,085 900 1,185
Ukraine 1,610 700 915
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 810 490 315
Other places of birth in Europe 5,110 2,685 2,425
Africa 51,000 26,520 24,475
Nigeria 345 215 130
Ethiopia 150 40 110
Mauritius 1,045 555 490
Somalia 45 25 0
Algeria 16,440 8,185 8,260
Egypt 2,200 1,250 945
Morocco 13,640 6,930 6,705
Tunisia 2,805 1,750 1,050
Cameroon 2,300 1,200 1,100
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 1,465 685 780
South Africa, Republic of 85 30 60
Other places of birth in Africa 10,475 5,660 4,815
Asia 39,635 18,445 21,185
Philippines 6,510 2,670 3,835
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 8,465 3,660 4,805
India 2,730 1,500 1,235
Pakistan 1,600 785 810
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 2,620 1,295 1,325
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 795 270 525
Sri Lanka 1,720 785 935
Iraq 620 330 290
Bangladesh 1,440 690 750
Lebanon 4,160 2,370 1,785
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,040 370 675
Taiwan 255 90 165
Afghanistan 485 265 220
Japan 490 115 375
Turkey 960 525 440
Israel 795 420 375
Nepal 105 55 50
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 100 45 55
United Arab Emirates 230 120 110
Saudi Arabia 475 265 210
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 1,040 580 460
Other places of birth in Asia 2,995 1,235 1,765
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 145 80 65
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,844,500 898,085 946,410
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 671,235 328,275 342,960
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 368,640 184,865 183,775
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 804,620 384,945 419,680
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,844,500 898,085 946,410
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 559,075 275,315 283,765
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 62,700 32,770 29,925
Chinese 53,770 25,285 28,490
Black 155,810 73,785 82,025
Filipino 26,485 10,315 16,175
Latin American 70,500 34,485 36,015
Arab 109,605 59,295 50,310
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 42,100 21,050 21,055
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 14,630 7,445 7,190
Korean 4,675 2,155 2,520
Japanese 2,435 855 1,580
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 4,960 2,410 2,545
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 11,410 5,465 5,940
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 1,285,420 622,770 662,645
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
North American Aboriginal origins 39,270 17,405 21,860
First Nations (North American Indian) 35,165 15,650 19,510
Inuit 880 405 475
Métis 3,670 1,595 2,075
Other North American origins 602,315 286,040 316,280
Acadian 6,085 2,780 3,310
American 14,480 6,910 7,570
Canadian 547,150 258,470 288,685
New Brunswicker 350 185 160
Newfoundlander 235 85 150
Nova Scotian 190 120 80
Ontarian 195 65 135
Québécois 45,000 22,780 22,215
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 175 110 65
European origins 908,110 441,705 466,405
British Isles origins 207,205 98,385 108,820
Channel Islander 205 110 95
Cornish 10 0 0
English 80,880 39,030 41,850
Irish 111,165 51,975 59,190
Manx 45 35 0
Scottish 65,680 30,800 34,885
Welsh 5,540 2,575 2,965
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 13,930 6,470 7,460
French origins 390,285 190,430 199,855
Alsatian 390 200 185
Breton 2,130 1,035 1,095
French 388,760 189,710 199,050
Western European origins (except French origins) 74,600 36,285 38,320
Austrian 6,030 2,750 3,285
Belgian 13,325 6,670 6,655
Dutch 9,360 4,605 4,760
Flemish 590 375 220
Frisian 65 20 45
German 42,890 20,760 22,130
Luxembourger 315 140 170
Swiss 6,965 3,515 3,455
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 420 240 185
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 9,610 4,565 5,040
Danish 2,000 1,000 1,000
Finnish 1,255 470 790
Icelandic 410 210 200
Norwegian 2,930 1,480 1,450
Swedish 3,035 1,375 1,660
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 585 315 270
Eastern European origins 124,075 59,855 64,220
Bulgarian 5,340 2,630 2,715
Byelorussian 1,290 580 710
Czech 3,300 1,645 1,655
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 950 450 505
Estonian 475 230 245
Hungarian 13,610 6,890 6,715
Latvian 1,185 570 625
Lithuanian 3,335 1,665 1,665
Moldovan 3,090 1,515 1,575
Polish 39,080 18,555 20,530
Romanian 24,040 11,575 12,460
Russian 32,595 15,630 16,960
Slovak 2,255 1,150 1,105
Ukrainian 18,770 8,810 9,955
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 1,030 535 495
Southern European origins 269,905 132,785 137,120
Albanian 2,340 1,260 1,080
Bosnian 565 240 325
Croatian 2,695 1,335 1,360
Cypriot 265 115 150
Greek 36,900 18,870 18,030
Italian 167,345 82,010 85,335
Kosovar 205 115 90
Macedonian 440 175 265
Maltese 330 155 180
Montenegrin 290 140 150
Portuguese 27,115 13,090 14,030
Serbian 2,140 1,055 1,085
Sicilian 665 385 285
Slovenian 1,065 480 585
Spanish 40,635 19,720 20,915
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,780 835 945
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 45 30 15
Other European origins 60,470 30,135 30,335
Basque 960 495 465
Jewish 56,560 28,170 28,385
Roma (Gypsy) 140 75 70
Slavic, n.o.s. 340 195 145
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 2,770 1,395 1,375
Caribbean origins 107,780 49,175 58,605
Antiguan 220 120 100
Bahamian 285 175 110
Barbadian 4,175 1,750 2,425
Bermudan 45 15 25
Carib 260 100 155
Cuban 3,145 1,570 1,570
Dominican 5,280 2,495 2,785
Grenadian 1,520 525 1,000
Haitian 74,635 34,235 40,400
Jamaican 8,885 4,020 4,865
Kittitian/Nevisian 195 70 125
Martinican 515 245 275
Montserratan 295 175 120
Puerto Rican 160 65 90
St. Lucian 570 235 330
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 4,470 2,230 2,240
Vincentian/Grenadinian 2,690 965 1,725
West Indian, n.o.s. 2,755 1,190 1,565
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 2,800 1,330 1,475
Latin, Central and South American origins 78,885 38,505 40,380
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 2,470 1,215 1,260
Argentinian 2,615 1,385 1,225
Belizean 35 0 25
Bolivian 575 320 250
Brazilian 3,160 1,615 1,545
Chilean 6,225 2,935 3,290
Colombian 10,725 5,015 5,710
Costa Rican 600 385 215
Ecuadorian 1,275 565 705
Guatemalan 5,095 2,505 2,595
Guyanese 2,240 1,035 1,205
Hispanic 275 160 110
Honduran 2,660 1,330 1,330
Maya 740 390 345
Mexican 16,365 8,280 8,080
Nicaraguan 1,690 830 860
Panamanian 825 475 350
Paraguayan 155 95 60
Peruvian 9,390 4,200 5,190
Salvadorean 10,870 5,415 5,455
Uruguayan 625 250 375
Venezuelan 3,265 1,435 1,830
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 2,605 1,380 1,225
African origins 167,125 87,240 79,890
Central and West African origins 29,960 15,770 14,190
Akan 75 50 25
Angolan 225 140 90
Ashanti 55 25 30
Beninese 1,080 515 565
Burkinabe 585 290 295
Cameroonian 3,695 2,015 1,680
Chadian 510 265 245
Congolese 7,730 3,750 3,980
Gabonese 430 240 185
Gambian 85 50 35
Ghanaian 1,955 1,145 815
Guinean 2,515 1,335 1,180
Ibo 55 25 25
Ivorian 2,615 1,460 1,150
Liberian 135 85 50
Malian 1,280 530 750
Nigerian 1,300 700 605
Peulh 740 395 345
Senegalese 3,065 1,725 1,345
Sierra Leonean 115 55 60
Togolese 1,020 560 455
Yoruba 255 170 90
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 3,065 1,635 1,425
North African origins 105,830 56,015 49,810
Algerian 31,240 16,435 14,810
Berber 15,855 8,680 7,170
Coptic 360 175 185
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 14,460 7,610 6,850
Libyan 400 260 140
Maure 420 235 180
Moroccan 39,110 20,000 19,110
Sudanese 335 190 145
Tunisian 7,950 4,705 3,240
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 1,200 665 535
Southern and East African origins 10,970 5,420 5,545
Afrikaner 40 25 15
Amhara 50 0 30
Bantu, n.o.s. 515 255 260
Burundian 1,890 955 930
Eritrean 250 135 110
Ethiopian 880 420 465
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 165 100 70
Malagasy 1,195 585 610
Mauritian 1,265 575 690
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 2,100 1,060 1,040
Seychellois 410 185 230
Somali 655 310 345
South African 515 185 325
Tanzanian 110 70 40
Tigrian 45 40 10
Ugandan 80 35 40
Zambian 55 45 0
Zimbabwean 275 155 120
Zulu 45 30 15
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 970 530 440
Other African origins 22,580 11,100 11,480
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,715 810 905
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 21,385 10,555 10,830
Asian origins 322,040 159,490 162,550
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 118,080 61,790 56,295
Afghan 2,575 1,315 1,260
Arab, n.o.s. 25,325 14,045 11,280
Armenian 12,090 6,230 5,855
Assyrian 235 140 95
Azerbaijani 525 260 260
Georgian 335 170 160
Iranian 13,705 6,970 6,740
Iraqi 3,280 1,610 1,675
Israeli 2,775 1,245 1,535
Jordanian 775 435 345
Kazakh 420 160 260
Kurd 940 480 465
Kuwaiti 155 85 70
Lebanese 39,100 20,415 18,685
Palestinian 3,715 1,990 1,720
Pashtun 65 35 30
Saudi Arabian 605 425 180
Syrian 10,985 5,850 5,135
Tajik 70 30 40
Tatar 360 140 220
Turk 9,725 4,915 4,810
Uighur 145 70 70
Uzbek 255 115 135
Yemeni 145 95 55
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 880 535 345
South Asian origins 68,635 35,815 32,820
Bangladeshi 6,715 3,540 3,175
Bengali 3,170 1,590 1,585
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 34,100 17,740 16,355
Goan 90 40 50
Gujarati 195 105 90
Kashmiri 65 40 30
Nepali 340 150 190
Pakistani 9,450 5,260 4,190
Punjabi 1,320 780 535
Sinhalese 200 90 105
Sri Lankan 13,575 6,930 6,645
Tamil 2,620 1,330 1,290
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,505 790 720
East and Southeast Asian origins 137,120 62,850 74,270
Burmese 140 70 70
Cambodian (Khmer) 8,640 4,210 4,425
Chinese 66,370 31,475 34,895
Filipino 28,470 11,270 17,200
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 670 260 415
Japanese 3,390 1,315 2,075
Korean 4,935 2,210 2,725
Laotian 2,270 1,145 1,120
Malaysian 540 275 265
Mongolian 435 225 205
Singaporean 45 0 30
Taiwanese 1,020 470 555
Thai 1,065 490 575
Tibetan 30 10 20
Vietnamese 29,525 14,490 15,035
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 160 55 105
Other Asian origins 780 400 380
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 780 400 375
Oceania origins 1,320 595 725
Australian 885 430 450
New Zealander 290 125 170
Pacific Islands origins 195 65 135
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 20 0 0
Maori 40 15 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 55 30 25
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 80 0 65
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,844,500 898,085 946,410
Buddhist 34,305 16,145 18,160
Christian 1,200,300 559,325 640,975
Anglican 23,175 10,460 12,710
Baptist 14,455 6,365 8,090
Catholic 942,625 439,240 503,385
Christian Orthodox 72,885 35,305 37,585
Lutheran 3,620 1,755 1,865
Pentecostal 17,060 7,280 9,775
Presbyterian 5,815 2,525 3,290
United Church 12,240 5,285 6,955
Other Christian 108,420 51,110 57,310
Hindu 26,300 13,385 12,915
Jewish 76,520 36,970 39,550
Muslim 165,440 87,930 77,515
Sikh 7,050 3,940 3,110
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 130 45 90
Other religions 5,040 2,500 2,540
No religious affiliation 329,410 177,850 151,560
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 10,505 4,865 5,640
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,550 2,505 3,050
Métis single identity 3,500 1,705 1,795
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 565 260 305
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 240 80 155
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 655 315 345
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,833,990 893,220 940,775
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,935 1,240 1,695
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,841,565 896,845 944,720
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 39,270 17,410 21,860
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 35,160 15,650 19,510
Métis ancestry 3,670 1,600 2,075
Inuit ancestry 880 405 470
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,805,230 880,680 924,555
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 851,790 414,015 437,775
Aboriginal languages 670 280 390
Algonquin 25 20 0
Atikamekw 10 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 185 90 95
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 55 0 40
Ojibway 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 215 65 150
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 145 65 75
Non-Aboriginal languages 851,195 413,780 437,420
Italian 121,920 59,015 62,905
Portuguese 24,345 11,785 12,560
Romanian 19,195 9,170 10,020
Spanish 166,515 77,530 88,985
Dutch 2,520 1,265 1,255
Flemish 290 90 200
German 22,465 11,320 11,145
Yiddish 11,255 5,460 5,790
Danish 370 200 165
Norwegian 475 260 210
Swedish 1,065 445 615
Afrikaans 240 115 125
Gaelic languages 180 110 70
Bosnian 385 185 200
Bulgarian 4,380 2,180 2,195
Croatian 1,325 600 725
Czech 1,190 490 700
Macedonian 215 90 125
Polish 12,395 5,375 7,020
Russian 27,740 13,230 14,505
Serbian 1,405 705 695
Serbo-Croatian 810 420 390
Slovak 810 340 465
Slovenian 480 215 265
Ukrainian 5,065 2,200 2,865
Latvian 335 140 200
Lithuanian 560 275 280
Greek 29,110 14,670 14,440
Armenian 8,675 4,375 4,300
Albanian 2,105 1,130 970
Estonian 185 80 105
Finnish 355 115 240
Hungarian 5,430 2,740 2,690
Turkish 7,565 3,815 3,755
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,300 2,965 2,330
Oromo 6,615 3,565 3,055
Somali 675 315 360
Amharic 765 360 405
Arabic 137,255 73,430 63,830
Hebrew 17,545 9,270 8,280
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 200 120 85
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 115 75 35
Bengali 11,110 5,700 5,405
Gujarati 6,150 3,030 3,120
Hindi 9,910 5,190 4,720
Konkani 170 105 65
Marathi 180 105 70
Panjabi (Punjabi) 10,880 5,980 4,900
Sindhi 250 105 140
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 830 460 370
Urdu 10,895 6,140 4,755
Nepali 345 145 205
Kurdish 640 345 295
Pashto 915 490 430
Persian (Farsi) 14,285 7,280 7,000
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 545 290 255
Kannada 330 150 180
Malayalam 250 135 115
Tamil 15,925 8,140 7,785
Telugu 425 240 185
Japanese 3,670 1,705 1,960
Korean 4,305 1,960 2,350
Cantonese 9,200 4,285 4,920
Fukien 85 0 65
Hakka 90 45 45
Mandarin 12,435 5,835 6,600
Taiwanese 455 185 265
Chinese, n.o.s. 33,825 16,175 17,650
Lao 2,000 995 1,000
Thai 920 425 490
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,650 3,620 4,035
Vietnamese 27,670 13,625 14,045
Bisayan languages 870 310 560
Ilocano 1,710 580 1,130
Malay 1,060 505 555
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 22,145 7,960 14,185
Akan (Twi) 1,300 700 600
Lingala 4,650 2,260 2,390
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,455 780 670
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,470 690 780
Swahili 2,380 1,225 1,150
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 2,445 1,315 1,135
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,850 3,090 2,755
African languages, n.i.e. 1,280 770 510
Creoles 65,695 29,585 36,105
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 12,300 6,450 5,850
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,822,265 886,665 935,600
Non-movers 1,556,780 753,925 802,855
Movers 265,480 132,740 132,740
Non-migrants 181,935 90,885 91,050
Migrants 83,540 41,850 41,690
Internal migrants 44,470 22,115 22,355
Intraprovincial migrants 35,980 17,595 18,385
Interprovincial migrants 8,490 4,520 3,970
External migrants 39,070 19,735 19,330
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,737,810 843,450 894,355
Non-movers 972,005 462,690 509,320
Movers 765,805 380,765 385,040
Non-migrants 474,180 235,095 239,090
Migrants 291,625 145,670 145,950
Internal migrants 134,590 65,745 68,840
Intraprovincial migrants 109,075 53,065 56,015
Interprovincial migrants 25,515 12,685 12,830
External migrants 157,030 79,920 77,110
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,557,040 751,075 805,965
No certificate, diploma or degree 294,615 135,950 158,660
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 322,855 155,315 167,540
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 939,575 459,805 479,765
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 153,200 84,840 68,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 238,805 110,145 128,660
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 90,425 40,120 50,300
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 457,150 224,705 232,450
Bachelor's degree 267,325 125,615 141,710
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 189,825 99,085 90,735
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,054,465 520,555 533,910
No certificate, diploma or degree 127,395 63,575 63,820
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 185,855 93,305 92,550
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 741,215 363,675 377,540
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 116,995 63,510 53,490
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 168,420 79,635 88,785
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 68,410 31,060 37,345
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 387,390 189,475 197,915
Bachelor's degree 224,265 106,340 117,925
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 163,125 83,135 79,990
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 1,557,040 751,075 805,965
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 617,465 291,270 326,200
Education 54,180 12,745 41,435
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 63,510 30,290 33,215
Humanities 73,665 29,290 44,375
Social and behavioural sciences and law 125,790 47,475 78,315
Business, management and public administration 213,420 91,500 121,920
Physical and life sciences and technologies 46,635 25,310 21,325
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 49,185 33,520 15,670
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 158,255 137,030 21,230
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,865 5,070 3,795
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 105,830 26,345 79,480
Personal, protective and transportation services 40,105 21,200 18,905
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 120 30 95
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 1,557,040 751,075 805,965
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 617,465 291,265 326,200
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 939,570 459,805 479,770
Location of study inside Canada 718,970 345,315 373,655
Same as province or territory of residence 684,155 327,270 356,890
Another province or territory 34,820 18,050 16,765
Location of study outside Canada 220,600 114,490 106,110
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 1,028,820 531,205 497,615
Single responses 913,000 469,370 443,630
English 288,995 152,990 136,005
French 609,885 309,515 300,375
Non-official languages 14,115 6,865 7,255
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,525 1,325 1,205
Cantonese 700 370 335
Panjabi (Punjabi) 195 125 70
Mandarin 440 225 215
Spanish 2,480 1,185 1,290
Korean 140 75 65
German 175 50 125
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 325 140 185
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 7,125 3,365 3,755
Multiple responses 115,825 61,835 53,985
English and French 104,175 55,740 48,430
English and non-official language 3,280 1,855 1,425
French and non-official language 2,625 1,220 1,405
English, French and non-official language 5,745 3,020 2,730
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 1,028,820 531,205 497,615
English 288,990 152,990 136,005
French 609,885 309,515 300,370
Non-official language 14,120 6,865 7,260
Aboriginal 20 10 0
Non-Aboriginal 14,105 6,855 7,250
English and French 104,175 55,740 48,430
English and non-official language 3,285 1,855 1,425
French and non-official language 2,625 1,220 1,405
English, French and non-official language 5,745 3,020 2,725
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 1,557,040 751,075 805,965
In the labour force 984,845 512,085 472,760
Employed 889,580 460,415 429,165
Unemployed 95,270 51,670 43,600
Not in the labour force 572,190 238,990 333,205
Participation rate 63.3 68.2 58.7
Employment rate 57.1 61.3 53.2
Unemployment rate 9.7 10.1 9.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 984,850 512,085 472,760
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 40,350 21,355 19,000
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 944,495 490,735 453,765
Employee 841,820 425,190 416,630
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 102,675 65,545 37,135
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 984,850 512,085 472,760
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 40,350 21,350 19,000
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 944,495 490,735 453,765
0 Management occupations 99,445 62,195 37,245
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 171,080 61,605 109,480
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 82,010 63,465 18,545
3 Health occupations 61,775 16,305 45,475
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 122,015 40,635 81,380
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 50,275 25,015 25,260
6 Sales and service occupations 236,590 119,920 116,670
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 78,885 73,880 5,005
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 4,240 3,565 675
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 38,190 24,160 14,035
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 984,850 512,090 472,760
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 40,350 21,355 19,000
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 944,495 490,730 453,765
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,150 1,435 715
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 840 585 255
22 Utilities 5,350 3,255 2,100
23 Construction 29,985 26,160 3,825
31-33 Manufacturing 90,105 60,365 29,735
41 Wholesale trade 49,815 30,515 19,305
44-45 Retail trade 102,780 49,740 53,040
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 41,365 30,885 10,480
51 Information and cultural industries 40,740 23,600 17,145
52 Finance and insurance 45,065 19,835 25,230
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 19,400 11,460 7,945
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 98,965 58,105 40,860
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,205 680 525
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 46,670 27,200 19,480
61 Educational services 82,100 31,375 50,725
62 Health care and social assistance 113,710 27,565 86,145
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 23,725 12,670 11,055
72 Accommodation and food services 64,760 36,050 28,710
81 Other services (except public administration) 42,775 18,285 24,495
91 Public administration 42,970 20,975 21,995
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 984,850 512,090 472,760
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 76,075 39,205 36,870
Worked in 2010 908,775 472,880 435,895
1 to 13 weeks 50,190 24,575 25,615
14 to 26 weeks 74,510 37,340 37,170
27 to 39 weeks 61,720 31,675 30,045
40 to 48 weeks 177,805 90,355 87,450
49 to 52 weeks 544,550 288,940 255,610
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.1 44.4 43.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 984,850 512,085 472,760
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 76,075 39,205 36,865
Worked in 2010 908,775 472,880 435,895
Worked full-time in 2010 726,930 399,545 327,380
Worked part-time in 2010 181,845 73,330 108,510
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 889,580 460,415 429,165
Worked at home 55,915 29,875 26,040
Worked outside Canada 3,925 2,515 1,410
No fixed workplace address 70,155 49,115 21,040
Worked at usual place 759,590 378,910 380,675
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 829,745 428,025 401,720
Car, truck or van - as a driver 422,030 249,905 172,125
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 26,085 8,565 17,525
Public transit 282,965 120,565 162,400
Walked 66,540 29,660 36,880
Bicycle 24,055 14,865 9,190
Other methods 8,075 4,465 3,600
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 829,740 428,025 401,715
Median commuting duration 28.4 25.9 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 829,745 428,025 401,715
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 159,185 98,535 60,650
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 493,585 232,665 260,925
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 176,970 96,825 80,145
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 849,440 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 776,295 ... ...
Major repairs needed 73,150 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 849,445 ... ...
1960 or before 357,630 ... ...
1961 to 1980 284,045 ... ...
1981 to 1990 99,725 ... ...
1991 to 2000 46,010 ... ...
2001 to 2005 29,700 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 32,340 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 849,440 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 443,530 ... ...
5 rooms 168,295 ... ...
6 rooms 78,705 ... ...
7 rooms 58,000 ... ...
8 or more rooms 100,915 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 849,445 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 264,340 ... ...
2 bedrooms 284,605 ... ...
3 bedrooms 217,105 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 83,390 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 849,440 ... ...
Owner 333,685 ... ...
Renter 515,755 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 849,445 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 130,020 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 719,420 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 849,440 ... ...
1 household maintainer 578,965 ... ...
2 household maintainers 252,345 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 18,135 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 849,445 ... ...
Under 25 years 41,290 ... ...
25 to 34 years 153,975 ... ...
35 to 44 years 156,985 ... ...
45 to 54 years 167,845 ... ...
55 to 64 years 143,480 ... ...
65 to 74 years 95,420 ... ...
75 years and over 90,440 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 849,440 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 823,785 ... ...
More than one person per room 25,660 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 849,445 ... ...
Suitable 771,125 ... ...
Not suitable 78,315 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 845,895 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 562,215 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 283,685 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 227,655 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 333,685 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 22.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,052 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,187 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 348,658 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 397,917 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 515,760 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 693 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 746 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 1,557,040 751,070 805,965
Without income 80,185 35,790 44,390
With income 1,476,855 715,280 761,570
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 157,665 84,095 73,570
$5,000 to $9,999 135,085 57,595 77,490
$10,000 to $14,999 171,280 70,990 100,290
$15,000 to $19,999 161,595 67,185 94,410
$20,000 to $29,999 222,170 101,590 120,580
$30,000 to $39,999 184,250 89,245 95,005
$40,000 to $49,999 131,290 63,335 67,955
$50,000 to $59,999 89,400 46,235 43,165
$60,000 to $79,999 105,480 57,360 48,115
$80,000 to $99,999 47,585 28,670 18,915
$100,000 and over 71,055 48,975 22,080
$100,000 to $124,999 28,755 18,755 10,000
$125,000 and over 42,305 30,220 12,080
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 24,541 27,424 22,334
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,748 42,471 31,373
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 1,557,040 751,075 805,965
Without after-tax income 79,965 35,830 44,130
With after-tax income 1,477,075 715,250 761,830
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 161,295 84,995 76,300
$5,000 to $9,999 137,035 57,860 79,175
$10,000 to $14,999 174,455 72,680 101,770
$15,000 to $19,999 176,690 75,340 101,345
$20,000 to $29,999 270,005 126,940 143,070
$30,000 to $39,999 212,160 102,605 109,555
$40,000 to $49,999 133,780 67,745 66,035
$50,000 to $59,999 79,990 42,680 37,310
$60,000 to $79,999 71,150 42,135 29,020
$80,000 to $99,999 26,655 17,645 9,015
$100,000 and over 33,865 24,620 9,245
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,962 25,133 21,285
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,203 33,984 26,653
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.6 89.9 80.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.5 75.4 66.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 65.0 67.8 61.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 6.5 7.6 5.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.5 5.8 5.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.4 6.3 6.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.2 2.3 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 14.4 10.1 19.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.5 3.0 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.7 2.5 5.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.9 1.5 2.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.3 0.2 4.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.1 2.9 3.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.8 20.0 15.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.2 80.0 85.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.1 2.4 1.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 467,405 256,460 210,945
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,585 44,232 39,196
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,180 60,379 46,642
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 479,975 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,849 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,218 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,454 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,843 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 167,720 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,049 ... ...
Average family income ($) 83,049 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,618 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,555 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 201,525 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,646 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,619 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,344 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,327 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 91,025 ... ...
Median family income ($) 40,120 ... ...
Average family income ($) 50,966 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,022 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,634 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 430,080 208,315 221,765
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,109 23,621 22,803
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,200 33,083 31,370
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,882 21,977 21,815
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,900 27,241 26,579
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,844,500 898,085 946,415
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 1,176,570 562,645 613,920
In bottom decile 308,895 154,020 154,875
In second decile 258,865 115,230 143,640
In third decile 233,195 111,960 121,240
In fourth decile 201,250 96,390 104,870
In fifth decile 174,350 85,045 89,310
In top half of the Canadian distribution 667,930 335,445 332,490
In sixth decile 155,030 76,355 78,675
In seventh decile 137,375 68,320 69,050
In eighth decile 126,330 63,235 63,095
In ninth decile 114,845 58,215 56,625
In top decile 134,350 69,315 65,040
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 849,445 ... ...
Under $5,000 38,535 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,635 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50,560 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 63,320 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 100,870 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 99,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 88,455 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 70,690 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 101,360 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 64,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 50,290 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,075 ... ...
$150,000 and over 58,375 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 849,445 ... ...
Under $5,000 39,315 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,680 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 51,340 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 67,520 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 118,575 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 116,445 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 101,170 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 75,540 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 100,455 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 57,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 88,810 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 39,180 ... ...
$125,000 and over 49,630 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 849,445 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,157 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 63,891 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 39,897 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 52,519 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 331,045 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 25,900 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 35,201 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,958 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 29,171 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 518,395 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,633 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 82,212 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,548 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 67,429 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,844,500 898,085 946,410
Less than 18 years 346,915 177,765 169,150
Less than 6 years 125,975 64,410 61,570
18 to 64 years 1,233,210 608,890 624,320
65 years and over 264,375 111,425 152,945
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 453,850 215,535 238,315
Less than 18 years 95,345 48,320 47,030
Less than 6 years 36,915 18,645 18,275
18 to 64 years 302,365 148,805 153,560
65 years and over 56,140 18,410 37,725
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 24.6 24.0 25.2
Less than 18 years (%) 27.5 27.2 27.8
Less than 6 years (%) 29.3 28.9 29.7
18 to 64 years (%) 24.5 24.4 24.6
65 years and over (%) 21.2 16.5 24.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montréal, , Quebec (Code 2466) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Montréal, , Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Montréal, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,886,481 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 1,854,442 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 907,393 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 849,443 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,779.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 499.19 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,886,480 913,165 973,320
0 to 4 years 106,425 54,285 52,140
5 to 9 years 90,425 45,770 44,655
10 to 14 years 90,785 46,370 44,415
15 to 19 years 104,540 52,555 51,990
15 years 19,650 10,000 9,655
16 years 20,000 10,125 9,875
17 years 20,070 10,245 9,820
18 years 21,555 10,785 10,770
19 years 23,275 11,400 11,875
20 to 24 years 135,015 66,045 68,965
25 to 29 years 150,550 73,865 76,685
30 to 34 years 151,015 75,100 75,915
35 to 39 years 134,420 68,030 66,390
40 to 44 years 131,675 67,400 64,270
45 to 49 years 137,565 70,230 67,330
50 to 54 years 134,990 66,760 68,225
55 to 59 years 119,095 57,320 61,780
60 to 64 years 104,685 49,495 55,195
65 to 69 years 80,125 36,425 43,700
70 to 74 years 65,715 28,600 37,120
75 to 79 years 57,875 24,135 33,745
80 to 84 years 47,365 17,735 29,635
85 years and over 44,205 13,045 31,160
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.2 38.1 40.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.8 84.0 85.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 1,598,840 766,740 832,100
Married or living with a common-law partner 778,725 391,795 386,930
Married (and not separated) 572,850 286,890 285,960
Living common law 205,875 104,905 100,970
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 820,115 374,945 445,170
Single (never legally married) 565,780 297,305 268,475
Separated 34,085 14,070 20,010
Divorced 124,365 46,295 78,070
Widowed 95,890 17,275 78,610
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 475,095 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 238,970 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 108,390 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 88,645 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 39,085 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 475,095 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 377,050 ... ...
Married couples 274,230 ... ...
Without children at home 113,985 ... ...
With children at home 160,240 ... ...
1 child 62,080 ... ...
2 children 66,390 ... ...
3 or more children 31,775 ... ...
Common-law couples 102,820 ... ...
Without children at home 62,755 ... ...
With children at home 40,065 ... ...
1 child 20,100 ... ...
2 children 15,105 ... ...
3 or more children 4,855 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 98,050 ... ...
Female parent 80,150 ... ...
1 child 49,785 ... ...
2 children 21,925 ... ...
3 or more children 8,435 ... ...
Male parent 17,900 ... ...
1 child 12,445 ... ...
2 children 4,275 ... ...
3 or more children 1,175 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 515,945 ... ...
Under six years of age 124,840 ... ...
6 to 14 years 160,750 ... ...
15 to 17 years 57,845 ... ...
18 to 24 years 104,160 ... ...
25 years and over 68,345 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,844,500 897,085 947,415
Number of persons not in census families 476,410 228,535 247,880
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 47,195 20,375 26,825
Living with non-relatives only 96,495 54,810 41,685
Living alone 332,720 153,345 179,370
Number of census family persons 1,368,085 668,550 699,535
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 264,740 111,390 153,355
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 113,380 31,495 81,885
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 12,425 2,750 9,680
Living with non-relatives only 6,230 3,015 3,220
Living alone 94,725 25,735 68,990
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 151,365 79,895 71,475
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 849,445 ... ...
Census-family households 466,655 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 432,380 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 349,510 ... ...
Without children 164,225 ... ...
With children 185,285 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 82,875 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 34,275 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 26,150 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 16,670 ... ...
Without children 6,755 ... ...
With children 9,910 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 9,480 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 8,130 ... ...
Non-census-family households 382,790 ... ...
One-person households 332,720 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 50,070 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 849,445 ... ...
Single-detached house 99,365 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 113,480 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 460 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 636,140 ... ...
Semi-detached house 31,800 ... ...
Row house 32,555 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 111,960 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 456,260 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,565 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 849,440 ... ...
1 person 332,715 ... ...
2 persons 257,360 ... ...
3 persons 116,630 ... ...
4 persons 92,310 ... ...
5 persons 34,195 ... ...
6 or more persons 16,235 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,844,495 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,862,195 903,220 958,975
  Single responses  1,785,935 865,400 920,535
    English  309,885 152,655 157,230
    French  874,435 419,705 454,725
    Non-official languages  601,610 293,040 308,575
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 470 165 305
        Atikamekw    25 5 15
        Cree, n.o.s.  195 85 105
        Dene  0 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  45 15 30
        Inuktitut  195 55 135
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 595,125 289,785 305,335
        African languages, n.i.e 565 330 240
        Afrikaans  55 30 30
        Akan (Twi)  980 480 505
        Albanian  1,570 815 755
        Amharic  540 260 280
        Arabic  90,990 48,785 42,200
        Armenian  7,255 3,460 3,790
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,005 535 470
        Bengali  9,390 4,785 4,605
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  4,160 2,270 1,890
        Bisayan languages  770 245 520
        Bosnian  250 115 130
        Bulgarian  4,455 2,145 2,310
        Burmese  40 20 25
        Cantonese  7,115 3,385 3,725
        Chinese, n.o.s.  30,285 14,300 15,985
        Creoles  34,370 15,245 19,115
        Croatian  1,185 590 595
        Czech  980 460 520
        Danish  180 85 95
        Dutch  1,335 670 670
        Estonian  145 60 90
        Finnish  255 90 165
        Flemish  180 55 125
        Fukien  60 25 35
        German  6,780 2,995 3,785
        Greek  21,245 10,565 10,685
        Gujarati  5,175 2,545 2,630
        Hakka  60 25 35
        Hebrew  3,590 1,900 1,690
        Hindi  2,095 1,105 990
        Hungarian  4,385 2,040 2,340
        Ilocano  1,585 575 1,010
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 335 205 135
        Italian  83,475 40,195 43,280
        Japanese  1,515 480 1,035
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5,035 2,365 2,665
        Korean  3,250 1,435 1,815
        Kurdish  505 265 235
        Lao  1,570 790 775
        Latvian  235 80 155
        Lingala  1,470 690 780
        Lithuanian  440 175 265
        Macedonian  125 60 65
        Malay  460 195 265
        Malayalam  220 115 105
        Maltese  15 10 5
        Mandarin  7,845 3,615 4,235
        Marathi  130 80 45
        Nepali  175 85 95
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 3,125 1,645 1,475
        Norwegian  170 90 85
        Oromo  5,015 2,745 2,275
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  8,585 4,650 3,930
        Pashto  780 420 355
        Persian (Farsi)  11,275 5,915 5,365
        Polish  10,155 4,385 5,770
        Portuguese  18,120 8,635 9,490
        Romanian  17,555 8,420 9,140
        Rundi (Kirundi)  985 475 510
        Russian  17,770 7,950 9,815
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  1,020 450 565
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 90 40 45
        Serbian  1,390 685 705
        Serbo-Croatian  515 250 265
        Shanghainese  55 25 35
        Sign languages, n.i.e 145 80 60
        Sindhi  255 125 135
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  440 235 205
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 50 30 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 195 100 90
        Slovak  745 305 440
        Slovenian  460 200 265
        Somali  600 310 295
        Spanish  78,100 38,310 39,790
        Swahili  785 390 395
        Swedish  340 160 180
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  11,775 4,075 7,700
        Taiwanese  270 125 145
        Tamil  11,265 5,650 5,615
        Telugu  300 170 135
        Thai  390 115 270
        Tibetan languages  40 25 15
        Tigrigna  245 115 130
        Turkish  5,095 2,625 2,470
        Ukrainian  3,610 1,545 2,065
        Urdu  7,510 3,935 3,575
        Vietnamese  19,100 9,095 10,005
        Yiddish  6,935 3,435 3,500
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 6,020 3,085 2,930
  Multiple responses          76,265 37,825 38,440
    English and French  21,720 10,840 10,875
    English and non-official language  16,080 7,765 8,315
    French and non-official language  30,725 15,180 15,550
    English, French and non-official language 7,740 4,040 3,700
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,862,195 903,220 958,975
  English only 218,820 106,925 111,895
  French only 521,020 228,870 292,150
  English and French 1,073,820 548,525 525,290
  Neither English nor French 48,540 18,900 29,640
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,862,195 903,220 958,980
  English 535,060 264,340 270,715
  French 1,128,315 540,925 587,390
  English and French 151,895 79,815 72,080
  Neither English nor French 46,925 18,140 28,785
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 611,005 304,250 306,760
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 32.8 33.7 32.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,862,200 903,220 958,975
  Single responses 1,724,585 835,300 889,285
    English 435,675 213,675 222,005
    French 936,870 452,640 484,230
    Non-official languages 352,040 168,985 183,050
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 195 70 120
        Atikamekw   10 5 5
        Cree, n.o.s. 90 35 50
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 30 10 15
        Inuktitut 70 20 45
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 349,565 167,790 181,780
        African languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70
        Afrikaans 15 5 10
        Akan (Twi) 505 230 275
        Albanian 975 500 475
        Amharic 300 140 160
        Arabic 49,330 25,480 23,850
        Armenian 5,015 2,300 2,715
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 195 95 100
        Bengali 7,570 3,775 3,800
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,465 780 690
        Bisayan languages 215 85 130
        Bosnian 160 80 80
        Bulgarian 3,450 1,685 1,765
        Burmese 25 15 10
        Cantonese 5,340 2,550 2,790
        Chinese, n.o.s. 24,825 11,840 12,990
        Creoles 14,630 6,320 8,305
        Croatian 520 245 280
        Czech 285 130 150
        Danish 30 15 10
        Dutch 230 110 120
        Estonian 25 15 15
        Finnish 50 20 30
        Flemish 25 10 20
        Fukien 15 5 5
        German 1,240 565 675
        Greek 11,530 5,515 6,015
        Gujarati 3,545 1,715 1,830
        Hakka 15 10 5
        Hebrew 1,600 820 780
        Hindi 1,145 580 565
        Hungarian 1,590 695 895
        Ilocano 555 215 340
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 160 85 75
        Italian 33,970 15,245 18,730
        Japanese 635 280 350
        Khmer (Cambodian) 3,325 1,535 1,790
        Korean 2,360 1,085 1,275
        Kurdish 240 115 125
        Lao 935 455 480
        Latvian 75 25 45
        Lingala 420 195 225
        Lithuanian 120 50 75
        Macedonian 85 45 40
        Malay 185 90 90
        Malayalam 50 25 25
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 6,610 3,165 3,440
        Marathi 60 35 20
        Nepali 125 60 65
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 730 345 385
        Norwegian 35 20 15
        Oromo 1,615 855 755
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 6,480 3,470 3,015
        Pashto 630 335 295
        Persian (Farsi) 7,980 3,915 4,055
        Polish 4,845 2,155 2,690
        Portuguese 9,640 4,540 5,095
        Romanian 12,845 6,240 6,605
        Rundi (Kirundi) 295 135 160
        Russian 13,940 6,530 7,405
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 230 110 120
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
        Serbian 840 405 440
        Serbo-Croatian 245 115 130
        Shanghainese 25 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 275 175 105
        Sindhi 145 70 70
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 240 120 125
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55
        Slovak 155 70 85
        Slovenian 175 75 100
        Somali 370 180 190
        Spanish 53,560 25,900 27,655
        Swahili 220 105 115
        Swedish 85 40 40
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,775 2,585 4,185
        Taiwanese 145 70 70
        Tamil 9,665 4,805 4,865
        Telugu 190 100 90
        Thai 125 65 70
        Tibetan languages 25 15 10
        Tigrigna 130 60 70
        Turkish 3,770 1,880 1,895
        Ukrainian 1,570 670 900
        Urdu 5,540 2,830 2,715
        Vietnamese 15,660 7,400 8,260
        Yiddish 4,285 2,200 2,085
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,280 1,125 1,155
  Multiple responses         137,615 67,925 69,690
    English and French 27,670 14,055 13,610
    English and non-official language 31,595 15,280 16,310
    French and non-official language 59,940 29,040 30,910
    English, French and non-official language 18,410 9,545 8,865
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,862,195 903,225 958,975
  None 1,335,000 642,665 692,330
  Single responses  480,500 237,000 243,500
    English  150,045 75,370 74,675
    French  153,155 75,350 77,810
    Non-official languages  177,295 86,280 91,015
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 175 65 110
        Atikamekw    10 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  75 35 40
        Dene  0 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  15 10 5
        Inuktitut  65 15 50
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 10
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 174,010 84,615 89,395
        African languages, n.i.e 380 200 180
        Afrikaans  35 25 15
        Akan (Twi)  380 195 190
        Albanian  240 120 120
        Amharic  150 70 80
        Arabic  31,295 16,850 14,445
        Armenian  1,345 660 685
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 590 295 290
        Bengali  960 535 425
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  1,385 735 650
        Bisayan languages  215 75 135
        Bosnian  50 20 30
        Bulgarian  525 235 290
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  1,275 640 630
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,910 1,815 2,090
        Creoles  22,125 9,945 12,180
        Croatian  295 130 165
        Czech  270 125 145
        Danish  80 40 40
        Dutch  415 195 225
        Estonian  50 20 30
        Finnish  80 40 45
        Flemish  35 10 25
        Fukien  20 10 15
        German  2,890 1,320 1,570
        Greek  7,045 3,505 3,540
        Gujarati  935 475 465
        Hakka  20 10 15
        Hebrew  2,720 1,345 1,375
        Hindi  1,495 805 690
        Hungarian  1,070 450 615
        Ilocano  480 175 305
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 135 80 60
        Italian  27,125 13,200 13,920
        Japanese  695 280 415
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,255 570 685
        Korean  510 230 285
        Kurdish  165 85 80
        Lao  375 200 180
        Latvian  65 25 40
        Lingala  1,830 890 945
        Lithuanian  130 40 85
        Macedonian  30 10 15
        Malay  150 75 80
        Malayalam  100 50 50
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  1,255 540 715
        Marathi  40 25 20
        Nepali  20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,790 885 905
        Norwegian  80 45 40
        Oromo  1,685 875 805
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,320 730 590
        Pashto  55 35 20
        Persian (Farsi)  1,875 1,035 840
        Polish  2,265 915 1,350
        Portuguese  4,760 2,290 2,470
        Romanian  2,470 1,115 1,360
        Rundi (Kirundi)  505 245 260
        Russian  3,260 1,520 1,740
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  435 185 250
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Serbian  300 145 150
        Serbo-Croatian  100 45 55
        Shanghainese  25 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 110 50 60
        Sindhi  75 35 45
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  135 75 55
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Slovak  225 95 130
        Slovenian  110 45 70
        Somali  180 90 85
        Spanish  21,040 10,340 10,705
        Swahili  550 245 300
        Swedish  215 105 110
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,045 1,285 2,765
        Taiwanese  90 45 45
        Tamil  1,240 645 595
        Telugu  55 30 20
        Thai  165 55 110
        Tibetan languages  15 10 5
        Tigrigna  55 30 30
        Turkish  850 455 395
        Ukrainian  940 400 540
        Urdu  1,590 870 725
        Vietnamese  3,035 1,505 1,535
        Yiddish  1,610 730 875
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 3,105 1,595 1,510
  Multiple responses          46,705 23,560 23,145
    English and French  19,435 10,035 9,395
    English and non-official language  12,495 6,270 6,225
    French and non-official language  14,095 6,900 7,195
    English, French and non-official language  680 350 330

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montréal, , Quebec (Code 2466) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Montréal, Territoire équivalent (Census Division), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Montréal, , Quebec (Census division)