NHS Profile, Roussillon, MRC, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Roussillon, MRC, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Roussillon, MRC
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 160,585 79,835 80,750
Canadian citizens 157,575 78,325 79,245
Canadian citizens aged under 18 36,955 19,400 17,555
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 120,615 58,930 61,685
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,010 1,510 1,500
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 160,585 79,835 80,745
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 146,390 72,790 73,600
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 13,800 6,830 6,975
Before 1971 2,360 1,180 1,175
1971 to 1980 1,780 865 915
1981 to 1990 1,840 1,015 825
1991 to 2000 3,305 1,535 1,770
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,525 2,230 2,285
2001 to 2005 2,700 1,325 1,375
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,825 910 915
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 390 215 175
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 13,800 6,835 6,970
Under 5 years 1,665 805 865
5 to 14 years 2,395 1,155 1,240
15 to 24 years 2,850 1,410 1,435
25 to 44 years 6,205 3,120 3,085
45 years and over 690 345 345
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 160,585 79,840 80,750
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 146,395 72,790 73,600
Born in province of residence 142,190 70,850 71,345
Born outside province of residence 4,205 1,940 2,260
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 13,800 6,830 6,975
Americas 3,730 1,660 2,075
United States 345 135 210
Jamaica 345 140 200
Guyana 130 50 75
Haiti 345 175 170
Mexico 295 150 140
Trinidad and Tobago 225 90 130
Colombia 155 70 85
El Salvador 165 90 75
Peru 285 115 170
Chile 230 110 115
Other places of birth in Americas 1,220 530 690
Europe 5,335 2,715 2,620
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 305 155 155
Italy 615 380 235
Germany 225 90 135
Poland 335 145 180
Portugal 450 205 245
Netherlands 105 50 55
France 920 515 410
Romania 775 380 395
Russian Federation 255 105 145
Greece 140 80 55
Ukraine 250 140 110
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 80 45 40
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 0 0
Serbia 20 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 805 390 420
Africa 2,315 1,190 1,125
Morocco 570 315 260
Algeria 410 225 185
Egypt 315 165 150
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 35 25 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 955 455 505
Asia 2,395 1,255 1,135
India 145 60 85
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 520 190 330
Philippines 105 35 70
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 40 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 225 110 110
Pakistan 155 95 60
Sri Lanka 25 15 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 130 70 55
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 25 0
Lebanon 280 205 75
Taiwan 50 25 20
Iraq 20 0 0
Bangladesh 40 20 15
Afghanistan 20 0 0
Japan 15 0 0
Turkey 20 15 0
Other places of birth in Asia 575 340 230
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 30 15 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30 15 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 390 215 175
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,825 910 915
Americas 550 275 280
United States 25 20 0
Mexico 90 45 45
Cuba 65 35 30
Haiti 30 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 60 30 30
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 95 40 55
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 70 40 30
Other places of birth in Americas 105 45 60
Europe 490 240 245
France 135 90 50
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 65 35 30
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 65 30 30
Russian Federation 35 10 30
Ukraine 60 35 25
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 90 35 55
Africa 420 205 215
Nigeria 30 25 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 40 20 20
Egypt 45 25 25
Morocco 120 45 70
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 35 0 25
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 150 85 65
Asia 345 175 175
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 55 0 45
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 15 15 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 25 20 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 75 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 20 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 75 50 25
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 160,585 79,840 80,750
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 14,415 7,155 7,260
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 13,510 6,970 6,545
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 132,665 65,715 66,945
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 160,585 79,835 80,750
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 11,935 6,060 5,880
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 825 430 395
Chinese 1,255 560 700
Black 4,355 2,200 2,155
Filipino 185 75 110
Latin American 2,145 1,095 1,055
Arab 1,585 895 690
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 625 340 280
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 270 140 130
Korean 45 25 15
Japanese 50 25 25
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 195 95 105
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 395 190 205
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 148,650 73,780 74,870
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 160,590 79,835 80,745
North American Aboriginal origins 4,955 2,365 2,590
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,170 2,050 2,120
Inuit 95 50 45
Métis 755 305 450
Other North American origins 105,935 52,280 53,655
Acadian 880 425 455
American 785 435 350
Canadian 102,140 50,355 51,785
New Brunswicker 30 0 15
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 30 25 0
Québécois 3,200 1,575 1,630
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 75,910 38,035 37,875
British Isles origins 22,115 10,820 11,300
Channel Islander 105 55 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 7,525 3,790 3,735
Irish 12,905 6,325 6,580
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 6,405 3,035 3,375
Welsh 205 95 110
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,030 435 600
French origins 48,640 24,255 24,390
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 395 185 205
French 48,420 24,135 24,290
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,670 2,875 2,790
Austrian 265 170 95
Belgian 1,185 510 675
Dutch 625 335 290
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,170 1,615 1,555
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 575 355 220
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 30 25 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 465 225 245
Danish 85 45 45
Finnish 75 30 40
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 110 60 45
Swedish 185 70 115
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 10 0 0
Eastern European origins 5,510 2,795 2,715
Bulgarian 195 105 95
Byelorussian 85 40 45
Czech 145 65 80
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 45 30 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 480 245 230
Latvian 25 0 0
Lithuanian 115 40 75
Moldovan 65 30 40
Polish 1,590 760 835
Romanian 1,155 570 590
Russian 1,015 520 495
Slovak 130 65 65
Ukrainian 965 515 450
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 11,005 5,525 5,485
Albanian 35 0 25
Bosnian 10 0 10
Croatian 110 75 35
Cypriot 25 15 0
Greek 1,085 525 555
Italian 6,835 3,480 3,355
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 30 20 10
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,510 755 755
Serbian 25 15 15
Sicilian 35 0 0
Slovenian 115 60 55
Spanish 1,715 850 865
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 30 0 15
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 740 445 295
Basque 20 0 0
Jewish 715 425 290
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 0 0 0
Caribbean origins 3,280 1,610 1,670
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 440 245 200
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 95 40 55
Dominican 170 70 105
Grenadian 175 75 100
Haitian 930 530 395
Jamaican 875 445 430
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 50 45 0
Montserratan 35 0 0
Puerto Rican 10 0 0
St. Lucian 160 30 130
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 480 220 260
Vincentian/Grenadinian 105 60 45
West Indian, n.o.s. 130 70 60
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 100 60 40
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,055 1,520 1,530
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 90 45 40
Argentinian 110 50 60
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 20 10 0
Brazilian 35 15 20
Chilean 320 180 140
Colombian 215 105 110
Costa Rican 40 0 35
Ecuadorian 40 15 25
Guatemalan 165 80 80
Guyanese 265 120 150
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 160 100 60
Maya 30 0 0
Mexican 480 230 250
Nicaraguan 185 135 45
Panamanian 35 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 460 225 240
Salvadorean 325 155 170
Uruguayan 20 10 0
Venezuelan 250 100 145
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 45 20 20
African origins 3,850 2,090 1,760
Central and West African origins 850 500 345
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 30 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 205 125 80
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 215 100 115
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 30 25 0
Guinean 95 70 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 30 25 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 30 0 20
Nigerian 35 30 0
Peulh 25 0 0
Senegalese 100 60 40
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 20 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 70 40 30
North African origins 2,340 1,290 1,055
Algerian 555 325 225
Berber 380 200 180
Coptic 40 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 575 285 290
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 825 455 375
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 60 40 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 350 155 200
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 30 0 15
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 70 30 40
Mauritian 115 60 60
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 95 40 50
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 15 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 15 0 0
Other African origins 345 170 170
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 25 0 20
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 335 170 165
Asian origins 5,170 2,640 2,530
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,765 1,025 740
Afghan 80 35 45
Arab, n.o.s. 350 185 160
Armenian 165 105 55
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 30 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 190 95 90
Iraqi 55 25 30
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 120 75 50
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 690 420 270
Palestinian 105 60 45
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 170 105 65
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 65 35 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 1,125 530 590
Bangladeshi 50 25 25
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 875 410 465
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 175 105 65
Punjabi 50 40 0
Sinhalese 20 10 10
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 25 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,350 1,115 1,235
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 295 150 145
Chinese 1,475 675 800
Filipino 190 70 120
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 60 30 35
Korean 40 30 0
Laotian 45 30 15
Malaysian 30 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 40 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 390 235 155
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 15 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 15 0 0
Oceania origins 20 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 160,585 79,840 80,750
Buddhist 590 330 260
Christian 137,895 67,420 70,475
Anglican 1,895 890 1,010
Baptist 985 455 530
Catholic 125,345 61,375 63,970
Christian Orthodox 2,305 1,120 1,180
Lutheran 180 85 95
Pentecostal 785 345 445
Presbyterian 345 175 170
United Church 1,065 530 535
Other Christian 4,990 2,440 2,550
Hindu 275 135 145
Jewish 200 130 70
Muslim 2,850 1,555 1,295
Sikh 120 60 60
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 235 110 125
No religious affiliation 18,380 10,100 8,275
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 160,585 79,835 80,750
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,735 760 970
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 935 385 545
Métis single identity 700 320 380
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 80 45 35
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 158,855 79,080 79,775
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 160,585 79,835 80,745
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 495 190 305
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 160,095 79,650 80,445
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 160,585 79,840 80,745
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,950 2,365 2,590
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,170 2,050 2,120
Métis ancestry 750 300 450
Inuit ancestry 95 55 40
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 155,630 77,470 78,160
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 19,285 9,305 9,980
Aboriginal languages 25 0 25
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,255 9,300 9,960
Italian 2,285 1,160 1,130
Portuguese 950 430 520
Romanian 1,030 500 525
Spanish 6,430 2,840 3,590
Dutch 175 75 100
Flemish 0 0 0
German 690 340 350
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 145 70 80
Croatian 55 40 0
Czech 30 0 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 555 270 280
Russian 1,030 535 500
Serbian 35 20 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 70 45 25
Ukrainian 120 55 65
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 730 370 360
Armenian 30 25 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 200 85 115
Turkish 55 30 25
Berber languages (Kabyle) 55 30 25
Oromo 125 80 40
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 2,050 1,080 965
Hebrew 150 85 60
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 60 30 30
Gujarati 30 0 0
Hindi 120 55 65
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 130 80 50
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0
Urdu 195 95 105
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 40 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 180 105 80
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 50 25 20
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 85 25 65
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 265 135 130
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 70 45 25
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 670 325 345
Lao 60 35 25
Thai 45 20 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 140 120
Vietnamese 280 160 120
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 135 35 100
Akan (Twi) 25 0 0
Lingala 120 35 75
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 30 0 0
Swahili 35 10 20
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 80 35
African languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Creoles 765 370 390
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 400 180 220
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 158,730 78,950 79,785
Non-movers 143,465 71,515 71,950
Movers 15,265 7,435 7,825
Non-migrants 5,270 2,690 2,580
Migrants 9,990 4,745 5,250
Internal migrants 9,565 4,535 5,030
Intraprovincial migrants 9,320 4,395 4,925
Interprovincial migrants 250 140 110
External migrants 425 210 215
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 150,390 74,560 75,830
Non-movers 98,875 49,790 49,085
Movers 51,520 24,775 26,750
Non-migrants 18,375 8,950 9,425
Migrants 33,140 15,820 17,320
Internal migrants 31,440 14,960 16,480
Intraprovincial migrants 30,915 14,660 16,255
Interprovincial migrants 530 300 225
External migrants 1,700 855 840
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 130,015 63,745 66,275
No certificate, diploma or degree 25,210 13,230 11,985
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 32,615 15,355 17,265
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 72,190 35,160 37,030
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 21,550 12,820 8,725
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 23,105 10,155 12,945
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,185 2,505 3,680
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 21,350 9,680 11,675
Bachelor's degree 15,080 6,570 8,510
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,270 3,105 3,160
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 90,240 43,870 46,370
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,460 5,875 4,590
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,795 9,780 11,015
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 58,990 28,215 30,775
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 17,140 9,860 7,280
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 17,650 7,735 9,910
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,915 2,060 2,860
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,285 8,565 10,715
Bachelor's degree 13,765 5,910 7,855
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,520 2,655 2,865
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 130,020 63,745 66,275
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 57,830 28,590 29,245
Education 5,055 1,135 3,920
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,275 1,005 1,275
Humanities 3,115 1,110 2,005
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,805 1,595 4,220
Business, management and public administration 18,230 6,435 11,795
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,875 1,070 795
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,535 2,450 1,080
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 17,035 15,520 1,520
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 730 510 215
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 8,985 1,495 7,485
Personal, protective and transportation services 5,540 2,835 2,705
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 130,020 63,750 66,270
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 57,830 28,585 29,245
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 72,185 35,160 37,030
Location of study inside Canada 67,520 32,710 34,810
Same as province or territory of residence 66,135 31,940 34,190
Another province or territory 1,390 770 615
Location of study outside Canada 4,665 2,445 2,215
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 96,490 49,445 47,050
Single responses 88,675 45,465 43,215
English 11,135 6,065 5,075
French 77,370 39,315 38,055
Non-official languages 170 90 80
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 35 10 30
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 85 40 40
Multiple responses 7,815 3,980 3,835
English and French 7,590 3,910 3,685
English and non-official language 45 20 25
French and non-official language 65 10 55
English, French and non-official language 120 45 75
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 96,490 49,445 47,045
English 11,135 6,060 5,075
French 77,370 39,310 38,055
Non-official language 170 90 80
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 170 90 80
English and French 7,590 3,910 3,680
English and non-official language 45 15 25
French and non-official language 65 10 55
English, French and non-official language 120 45 70
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 130,020 63,750 66,275
In the labour force 91,465 46,910 44,555
Employed 86,570 44,130 42,440
Unemployed 4,890 2,775 2,115
Not in the labour force 38,555 16,835 21,715
Participation rate 70.3 73.6 67.2
Employment rate 66.6 69.2 64.0
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.9 4.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 91,465 46,910 44,555
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,520 830 690
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 89,945 46,080 43,865
Employee 82,240 41,330 40,905
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,710 4,750 2,960
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 91,465 46,910 44,550
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,520 830 690
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 89,945 46,080 43,865
0 Management occupations 10,505 6,690 3,820
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 17,430 4,935 12,495
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,680 5,085 1,595
3 Health occupations 5,685 890 4,795
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,065 2,540 6,525
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,020 885 1,130
6 Sales and service occupations 20,300 8,845 11,455
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 13,605 12,635 970
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 545 505 40
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 4,105 3,070 1,040
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 91,465 46,910 44,555
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,520 830 690
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 89,945 46,080 43,865
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 615 445 170
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 125 95 30
22 Utilities 935 660 275
23 Construction 5,580 4,800 780
31-33 Manufacturing 11,055 8,060 2,995
41 Wholesale trade 4,715 3,070 1,645
44-45 Retail trade 11,565 5,585 5,980
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 5,610 4,080 1,530
51 Information and cultural industries 2,440 1,400 1,035
52 Finance and insurance 5,285 1,690 3,600
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,545 930 615
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,150 3,305 2,850
55 Management of companies and enterprises 100 45 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,260 1,905 1,355
61 Educational services 6,095 1,555 4,540
62 Health care and social assistance 9,940 1,560 8,385
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,320 645 675
72 Accommodation and food services 4,425 1,970 2,450
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,820 1,570 2,250
91 Public administration 5,350 2,715 2,635
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 91,465 46,910 44,555
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,855 1,975 1,880
Worked in 2010 87,605 44,935 42,675
1 to 13 weeks 3,400 1,615 1,785
14 to 26 weeks 5,500 2,695 2,795
27 to 39 weeks 5,085 2,670 2,415
40 to 48 weeks 16,230 7,950 8,280
49 to 52 weeks 57,400 30,005 27,400
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.7 46.0 45.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 91,460 46,910 44,555
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,860 1,975 1,880
Worked in 2010 87,605 44,935 42,675
Worked full-time in 2010 72,155 39,525 32,635
Worked part-time in 2010 15,450 5,415 10,040
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 86,570 44,135 42,440
Worked at home 4,200 2,020 2,185
Worked outside Canada 115 80 35
No fixed workplace address 7,745 5,775 1,970
Worked at usual place 74,515 36,270 38,245
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 82,255 42,035 40,215
Car, truck or van - as a driver 66,720 36,475 30,245
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,660 945 2,715
Public transit 9,095 3,345 5,755
Walked 1,825 725 1,100
Bicycle 425 285 145
Other methods 530 270 260
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 82,255 42,035 40,215
Median commuting duration 30.0 30.2 25.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 82,255 42,040 40,215
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 27,170 16,875 10,295
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 39,460 16,985 22,480
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 15,620 8,180 7,440
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 61,910 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 58,695 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,210 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 61,910 ... ...
1960 or before 7,760 ... ...
1961 to 1980 19,315 ... ...
1981 to 1990 12,130 ... ...
1991 to 2000 10,195 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,935 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 6,570 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 61,910 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 12,075 ... ...
5 rooms 9,285 ... ...
6 rooms 8,720 ... ...
7 rooms 10,430 ... ...
8 or more rooms 21,395 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 61,910 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,415 ... ...
2 bedrooms 16,220 ... ...
3 bedrooms 25,810 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 15,465 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 61,905 ... ...
Owner 50,015 ... ...
Renter 11,895 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 61,910 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,935 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 56,975 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 61,905 ... ...
1 household maintainer 34,010 ... ...
2 household maintainers 27,340 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 555 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 61,910 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,290 ... ...
25 to 34 years 8,785 ... ...
35 to 44 years 12,835 ... ...
45 to 54 years 15,955 ... ...
55 to 64 years 11,265 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,445 ... ...
75 years and over 4,325 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 61,905 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 61,570 ... ...
More than one person per room 340 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 61,910 ... ...
Suitable 59,830 ... ...
Not suitable 2,080 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 61,765 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 50,895 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 10,870 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,990 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 49,920 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 66.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,048 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,051 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 240,214 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 260,952 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 11,895 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 10.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 34.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 695 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 715 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 130,020 63,745 66,270
Without income 6,850 3,270 3,575
With income 123,170 60,480 62,695
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,680 4,665 5,015
$5,000 to $9,999 8,060 2,835 5,225
$10,000 to $14,999 10,380 3,715 6,665
$15,000 to $19,999 10,430 3,870 6,555
$20,000 to $29,999 15,740 6,660 9,075
$30,000 to $39,999 16,745 7,810 8,935
$40,000 to $49,999 14,725 6,990 7,735
$50,000 to $59,999 11,550 6,545 5,005
$60,000 to $79,999 14,515 9,165 5,350
$80,000 to $99,999 5,900 4,170 1,735
$100,000 and over 5,450 4,050 1,400
$100,000 to $124,999 2,905 2,110 790
$125,000 and over 2,545 1,935 605
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,428 40,851 28,431
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 40,879 48,123 33,890
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 130,020 63,750 66,275
Without after-tax income 6,980 3,280 3,695
With after-tax income 123,045 60,470 62,575
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,855 4,725 5,130
$5,000 to $9,999 8,385 2,860 5,520
$10,000 to $14,999 10,555 3,895 6,660
$15,000 to $19,999 11,765 4,415 7,350
$20,000 to $29,999 19,865 8,870 10,995
$30,000 to $39,999 21,605 10,535 11,075
$40,000 to $49,999 16,925 9,180 7,750
$50,000 to $59,999 11,235 6,845 4,390
$60,000 to $79,999 8,655 6,010 2,640
$80,000 to $99,999 2,270 1,620 650
$100,000 and over 1,925 1,510 415
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,507 34,954 25,951
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,564 38,455 28,838
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.4 91.9 83.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.1 80.1 75.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.8 76.5 72.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.3 3.6 2.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.8 3.3 2.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.2 7.2 4.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.4 1.3
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.6 8.1 16.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.1 2.8 3.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.6 1.9 3.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.2 1.6 3.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.1 0.2 4.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.7 1.6 1.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.0 20.1 15.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.0 79.9 84.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.8 0.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 49,830 27,425 22,410
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 48,317 54,401 42,025
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,583 60,582 47,241
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 47,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 81,568 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,352 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,952 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,692 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 16,705 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,383 ... ...
Average family income ($) 77,564 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,646 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,829 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 22,820 ... ...
Median family income ($) 103,281 ... ...
Average family income ($) 114,281 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 85,911 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 92,455 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 7,005 ... ...
Median family income ($) 52,834 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,856 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 47,947 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,899 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 16,165 7,720 8,440
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,829 36,667 26,947
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,623 43,486 34,177
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,103 31,520 25,037
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,848 34,894 29,062
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 160,585 79,840 80,750
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 72,620 34,925 37,695
In bottom decile 9,195 4,495 4,700
In second decile 10,630 4,620 6,010
In third decile 15,900 7,570 8,330
In fourth decile 17,865 8,735 9,130
In fifth decile 19,020 9,505 9,520
In top half of the Canadian distribution 87,970 44,915 43,055
In sixth decile 20,315 10,235 10,080
In seventh decile 21,290 10,955 10,335
In eighth decile 19,785 10,095 9,685
In ninth decile 16,090 8,220 7,870
In top decile 10,495 5,405 5,085
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 61,910 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,135 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 735 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,565 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,165 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,925 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,235 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,740 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,275 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 10,100 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,300 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,400 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,585 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,750 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 61,910 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,155 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 745 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,590 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,760 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,485 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 7,335 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 11,975 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,065 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,205 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,585 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 61,910 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,942 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,331 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,846 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,709 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 13,200 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,072 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 40,300 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 29,608 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,176 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 48,705 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 81,724 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 92,451 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 69,057 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 75,797 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 160,585 79,840 80,745
Less than 18 years 37,615 19,775 17,835
Less than 6 years 12,240 6,450 5,795
18 to 64 years 104,840 51,565 53,275
65 years and over 18,135 8,490 9,640
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 14,820 6,740 8,085
Less than 18 years 3,460 1,915 1,545
Less than 6 years 1,040 620 420
18 to 64 years 8,810 4,020 4,785
65 years and over 2,560 805 1,760
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 9.2 8.4 10.0
Less than 18 years (%) 9.2 9.7 8.7
Less than 6 years (%) 8.5 9.6 7.2
18 to 64 years (%) 8.4 7.8 9.0
65 years and over (%) 14.1 9.5 18.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Roussillon, MRC, Quebec (Code 2467) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Roussillon, MRC, Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 24.5%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Roussillon, MRC, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Roussillon, MRC
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 162,187  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 149,996  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 8.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 63,441 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 61,908 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 383.2 ... ...
Land area (square km) 423.24 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 162,185 80,085 82,105
0 to 4 years 10,105 5,190 4,915
5 to 9 years 9,975 5,115 4,865
10 to 14 years 10,380 5,425 4,950
15 to 19 years 12,210 6,265 5,945
15 years 2,355 1,180 1,175
16 years 2,465 1,225 1,235
17 years 2,480 1,260 1,220
18 years 2,430 1,290 1,135
19 years 2,485 1,315 1,180
20 to 24 years 9,325 4,835 4,500
25 to 29 years 8,160 4,060 4,100
30 to 34 years 10,640 5,020 5,620
35 to 39 years 11,445 5,565 5,880
40 to 44 years 12,500 6,135 6,365
45 to 49 years 14,305 7,040 7,265
50 to 54 years 13,700 6,770 6,925
55 to 59 years 10,485 5,175 5,310
60 to 64 years 9,040 4,405 4,635
65 to 69 years 7,145 3,470 3,675
70 to 74 years 4,950 2,265 2,685
75 to 79 years 3,635 1,715 1,920
80 to 84 years 2,470 1,075 1,390
85 years and over 1,730 565 1,170
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.5 38.7 40.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.2 80.4 82.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 131,730 64,360 67,370
Married or living with a common-law partner 81,440 40,705 40,735
Married (and not separated) 50,885 25,420 25,465
Living common law 30,555 15,280 15,275
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 50,290 23,655 26,635
Single (never legally married) 34,725 18,585 16,140
Separated 1,870 815 1,060
Divorced 7,740 2,975 4,765
Widowed 5,955 1,280 4,675
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 47,950 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 22,005 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 11,095 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 10,915 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,935 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 47,950 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 40,305 ... ...
Married couples 25,040 ... ...
Without children at home 11,375 ... ...
With children at home 13,670 ... ...
1 child 5,060 ... ...
2 children 6,150 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ...
Common-law couples 15,265 ... ...
Without children at home 6,145 ... ...
With children at home 9,115 ... ...
1 child 3,590 ... ...
2 children 4,175 ... ...
3 or more children 1,360 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 7,640 ... ...
Female parent 5,615 ... ...
1 child 3,260 ... ...
2 children 1,785 ... ...
3 or more children 565 ... ...
Male parent 2,030 ... ...
1 child 1,225 ... ...
2 children 655 ... ...
3 or more children 145 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 53,420 ... ...
Under six years of age 12,075 ... ...
6 to 14 years 18,175 ... ...
15 to 17 years 7,185 ... ...
18 to 24 years 11,575 ... ...
25 years and over 4,420 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 160,585 79,515 81,070
Number of persons not in census families 18,905 8,780 10,125
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,655 1,105 1,550
Living with non-relatives only 2,950 1,635 1,315
Living alone 13,300 6,040 7,260
Number of census family persons 141,680 70,735 70,945
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 18,565 8,675 9,890
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,650 1,685 3,975
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,000 255 750
Living with non-relatives only 415 210 210
Living alone 4,235 1,220 3,010
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 12,915 6,995 5,925
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 61,905 ... ...
Census-family households 47,235 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 44,355 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 37,930 ... ...
Without children 16,410 ... ...
With children 21,520 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 6,420 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,880 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,185 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,435 ... ...
Without children 555 ... ...
With children 880 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 750 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 695 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,670 ... ...
One-person households 13,305 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,370 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 61,905 ... ...
Single-detached house 41,575 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 265 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 795 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 19,275 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,050 ... ...
Row house 1,770 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,880 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 12,375 ... ...
Other single-attached house 190 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 61,910 ... ...
1 person 13,300 ... ...
2 persons 21,320 ... ...
3 persons 11,235 ... ...
4 persons 11,165 ... ...
5 persons 3,575 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,310 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 160,585 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 161,490 79,865 81,625
  Single responses  158,215 78,185 80,035
    English  18,735 9,325 9,405
    French  127,660 62,900 64,760
    Non-official languages  11,820 5,960 5,860
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 11,640 5,870 5,765
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  25 15 10
        Amharic  10 0 5
        Arabic  1,075 575 505
        Armenian  35 20 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Bengali  95 45 50
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  65 30 30
        Bisayan languages  5 5 5
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  115 55 60
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  90 40 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  435 205 235
        Creoles  290 140 155
        Croatian  40 25 15
        Czech  30 15 15
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  75 35 40
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 10
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  305 135 165
        Greek  390 215 175
        Gujarati  25 15 15
        Hakka  5 0 5
        Hebrew  15 5 10
        Hindi  10 5 10
        Hungarian  110 55 50
        Ilocano  0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  1,265 700 565
        Japanese  20 5 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  85 40 45
        Korean  35 15 15
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  40 25 15
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  20 10 10
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  145 70 75
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 55 30 20
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  115 65 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  115 65 50
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  255 145 110
        Polish  505 240 265
        Portuguese  680 335 350
        Romanian  820 410 405
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 25 15
        Russian  660 330 330
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  40 20 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  20 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian  10 0 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  20 10 10
        Somali  30 10 15
        Spanish  2,725 1,360 1,365
        Swahili  20 15 10
        Swedish  0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  100 25 70
        Taiwanese  5 5 0
        Tamil  10 5 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  80 40 35
        Ukrainian  80 35 45
        Urdu  45 25 15
        Vietnamese  175 80 90
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 170 80 90
  Multiple responses          3,275 1,680 1,595
    English and French  2,045 1,060 990
    English and non-official language  300 145 155
    French and non-official language  695 365 335
    English, French and non-official language 230 115 110
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 161,490 79,865 81,625
  English only 7,485 3,695 3,785
  French only 67,410 30,865 36,545
  English and French 85,945 45,020 40,930
  Neither English nor French 645 285 360
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 161,490 79,865 81,625
  English 22,750 11,370 11,380
  French 134,065 66,095 67,975
  English and French 4,050 2,130 1,920
  Neither English nor French 620 270 350
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 24,775 12,435 12,340
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 15.3 15.6 15.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 161,490 79,860 81,625
  Single responses 156,950 77,610 79,340
    English 21,230 10,530 10,705
    French 129,720 64,065 65,655
    Non-official languages 6,000 3,015 2,985
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,945 2,985 2,960
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 15 10 5
        Amharic 0 5 0
        Arabic 390 185 200
        Armenian 10 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 75 30 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 15 5 10
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 80 40 40
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 70 35 35
        Chinese, n.o.s. 335 160 180
        Creoles 90 40 55
        Croatian 20 10 15
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 40 20 20
        Greek 135 65 70
        Gujarati 15 10 10
        Hakka 5 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 0
        Hindi 5 0 0
        Hungarian 30 10 20
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Italian 225 115 115
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 55 30 25
        Korean 25 15 15
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 25 15 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 10 5 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 105 55 55
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 25 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 95 55 45
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 185 95 90
        Polish 285 145 145
        Portuguese 240 125 120
        Romanian 625 320 300
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0
        Russian 565 285 280
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 0 10
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 5
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 20 10 10
        Spanish 1,760 905 860
        Swahili 5 0 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 15 10
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 0 0
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 5 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 55 30 25
        Ukrainian 35 20 15
        Urdu 20 10 5
        Vietnamese 100 50 50
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 30 25
  Multiple responses         4,540 2,255 2,285
    English and French 2,205 1,085 1,120
    English and non-official language 515 250 265
    French and non-official language 1,370 685 690
    English, French and non-official language 450 240 215
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 161,490 79,860 81,625
  None 138,260 68,190 70,075
  Single responses  21,970 11,020 10,950
    English  11,615 5,905 5,710
    French  6,840 3,410 3,430
    Non-official languages  3,515 1,705 1,810
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,385 1,655 1,730
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  460 245 215
        Armenian  10 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 10 15
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  25 10 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 15 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  55 25 30
        Creoles  240 115 125
        Croatian  0 0 0
        Czech  15 10 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  15 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  100 50 55
        Greek  145 80 65
        Gujarati  10 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 0 0
        Hindi  10 5 10
        Hungarian  30 20 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 5 5
        Italian  495 250 240
        Japanese  5 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 5 10
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  10 5 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  20 10 15
        Lithuanian  0 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  35 10 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  35 15 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 20 5
        Polish  90 35 50
        Portuguese  215 105 115
        Romanian  95 45 45
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 10
        Russian  75 35 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 0
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  5 0 0
        Spanish  760 360 400
        Swahili  15 5 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 10 25
        Taiwanese  5 5 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 0
        Ukrainian  20 5 10
        Urdu  15 10 10
        Vietnamese  40 15 30
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 125 50 75
  Multiple responses          1,255 655 605
    English and French  495 270 220
    English and non-official language  420 205 215
    French and non-official language  340 175 160
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Roussillon, MRC, Quebec (Code 2467) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Roussillon, MRC, Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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