NHS Profile, Gatineau, , Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Gatineau, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Gatineau, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 261,670 127,110 134,550
Canadian citizens 252,190 122,510 129,680
Canadian citizens aged under 18 54,700 28,130 26,570
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 197,490 94,380 103,110
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 9,475 4,605 4,870
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 261,665 127,110 134,550
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 231,950 112,605 119,340
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 28,590 13,945 14,645
Before 1971 2,140 1,130 1,005
1971 to 1980 2,865 1,475 1,390
1981 to 1990 3,425 1,770 1,660
1991 to 2000 6,690 3,085 3,610
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 13,460 6,480 6,980
2001 to 2005 5,935 2,815 3,120
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,520 3,660 3,860
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,125 565 560
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 28,590 13,940 14,650
Under 5 years 3,600 1,620 1,975
5 to 14 years 4,990 2,655 2,335
15 to 24 years 5,330 2,380 2,950
25 to 44 years 12,860 6,440 6,420
45 years and over 1,805 840 960
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 261,670 127,115 134,550
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 231,950 112,605 119,345
Born in province of residence 172,695 83,780 88,915
Born outside province of residence 59,255 28,825 30,430
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 28,590 13,940 14,650
Americas 6,350 2,885 3,465
United States 600 245 350
Jamaica 85 50 35
Guyana 50 30 20
Haiti 1,480 600 885
Mexico 645 250 395
Trinidad and Tobago 50 20 30
Colombia 1,190 590 600
El Salvador 390 180 215
Peru 260 110 150
Chile 120 50 65
Other places of birth in Americas 1,475 755 720
Europe 7,865 3,970 3,900
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 445 265 180
Italy 235 145 90
Germany 440 205 240
Poland 275 125 145
Portugal 1,340 705 635
Netherlands 130 70 60
France 1,610 840 770
Romania 690 305 390
Russian Federation 180 60 125
Greece 50 40 0
Ukraine 105 35 75
Croatia 255 155 105
Hungary 65 40 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 810 415 395
Serbia 140 95 50
Ireland, Republic of 85 30 55
Other places of birth in Europe 1,000 455 545
Africa 7,520 3,805 3,715
Morocco 1,180 600 580
Algeria 940 520 420
Egypt 190 105 85
South Africa, Republic of 65 35 35
Nigeria 100 50 55
Ethiopia 55 25 30
Kenya 100 40 60
Other places of birth in Africa 4,895 2,435 2,455
Asia 6,820 3,275 3,545
India 115 55 60
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,315 480 835
Philippines 325 125 195
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 15 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 450 255 200
Pakistan 65 35 30
Sri Lanka 110 70 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 345 195 155
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 130 55 70
Lebanon 2,280 1,170 1,115
Taiwan 60 0 40
Iraq 370 210 165
Bangladesh 75 40 35
Afghanistan 40 20 20
Japan 50 0 40
Turkey 155 110 40
Other places of birth in Asia 910 415 495
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 40 10 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 40 15 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,125 570 560
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 7,525 3,660 3,860
Americas 2,070 930 1,135
United States 95 45 50
Mexico 220 100 120
Cuba 65 0 45
Haiti 510 190 315
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 170 75 95
Colombia 655 295 355
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 50 25 30
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 10
Other places of birth in Americas 280 165 115
Europe 965 510 450
France 355 215 140
Germany 50 30 15
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 145 80 65
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 55 35 30
Russian Federation 50 15 35
Ukraine 30 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 35 30 0
Other places of birth in Europe 230 105 125
Africa 3,110 1,560 1,550
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 25 0 20
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 295 120 170
Egypt 30 0 0
Morocco 560 260 300
Tunisia 170 130 40
Cameroon 195 85 110
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 430 235 195
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,395 695 700
Asia 1,360 645 715
Philippines 85 45 35
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 230 95 130
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 105 65 40
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 0 20
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 145 80 70
Bangladesh 30 0 0
Lebanon 360 155 205
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 20 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 30 20 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 20 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 25 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 150 50 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 261,665 127,110 134,550
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 30,435 14,925 15,500
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 20,315 10,245 10,070
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 210,920 101,945 108,980
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 261,665 127,115 134,555
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 26,930 13,225 13,705
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 790 380 415
Chinese 2,030 880 1,150
Black 10,165 4,730 5,435
Filipino 420 185 235
Latin American 3,855 1,875 1,975
Arab 6,460 3,575 2,885
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,305 680 625
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 595 310 285
Korean 220 85 130
Japanese 255 155 100
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 320 155 165
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 525 220 305
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 234,735 113,890 120,845
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 261,670 127,115 134,555
North American Aboriginal origins 19,915 9,335 10,575
First Nations (North American Indian) 16,495 7,675 8,820
Inuit 235 100 135
Métis 3,530 1,730 1,800
Other North American origins 160,840 77,800 83,035
Acadian 1,265 580 685
American 1,795 795 1,000
Canadian 156,670 75,630 81,045
New Brunswicker 30 0 30
Newfoundlander 60 50 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 190 115 80
Québécois 3,430 1,795 1,630
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 40 15 20
European origins 129,085 63,175 65,915
British Isles origins 39,090 18,990 20,100
Channel Islander 30 20 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 14,660 7,155 7,510
Irish 22,365 10,665 11,695
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 10,410 5,080 5,325
Welsh 755 335 415
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,350 630 720
French origins 93,275 45,500 47,775
Alsatian 50 0 45
Breton 610 325 285
French 92,760 45,230 47,525
Western European origins (except French origins) 11,475 5,260 6,215
Austrian 485 235 255
Belgian 1,935 830 1,105
Dutch 1,580 795 780
Flemish 75 40 35
Frisian 0 0 0
German 7,445 3,340 4,105
Luxembourger 30 0 0
Swiss 655 315 345
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,425 735 685
Danish 235 115 120
Finnish 185 70 115
Icelandic 70 30 40
Norwegian 570 355 220
Swedish 385 170 215
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 45 50
Eastern European origins 6,155 2,970 3,180
Bulgarian 270 110 160
Byelorussian 60 20 40
Czech 190 105 85
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 40 25 0
Estonian 40 25 0
Hungarian 665 340 330
Latvian 25 0 0
Lithuanian 105 65 40
Moldovan 40 25 0
Polish 2,140 1,050 1,090
Romanian 970 420 545
Russian 880 410 470
Slovak 120 55 60
Ukrainian 1,315 620 690
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 35 30 0
Southern European origins 13,615 6,780 6,835
Albanian 95 45 45
Bosnian 510 225 290
Croatian 435 275 160
Cypriot 10 0 15
Greek 630 295 335
Italian 5,285 2,445 2,840
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 25 0 0
Maltese 20 0 0
Montenegrin 30 0 0
Portuguese 3,695 1,945 1,755
Serbian 780 430 350
Sicilian 100 20 80
Slovenian 70 35 30
Spanish 2,395 1,165 1,225
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 315 150 165
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 55 45 0
Other European origins 780 455 325
Basque 115 55 60
Jewish 525 305 225
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 135 90 40
Caribbean origins 3,560 1,625 1,935
Antiguan 25 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 40 20 20
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 155 80 80
Dominican 175 85 90
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 2,575 1,160 1,410
Jamaican 290 155 130
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 50 30 15
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 40 20 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 145 35 110
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 110 35 75
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 80 40 40
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,920 2,395 2,525
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 195 85 105
Argentinian 175 65 110
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 15 0 0
Brazilian 280 130 150
Chilean 175 125 50
Colombian 1,340 670 675
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 75 35 40
Guatemalan 100 40 60
Guyanese 90 50 45
Hispanic 110 0 70
Honduran 75 40 35
Maya 10 0 0
Mexican 970 480 495
Nicaraguan 145 55 90
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 15 0 0
Peruvian 330 145 185
Salvadorean 620 345 270
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 255 135 120
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 170 80 90
African origins 11,090 5,550 5,545
Central and West African origins 4,055 1,925 2,130
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 35 35 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 170 105 70
Burkinabe 180 75 110
Cameroonian 505 235 270
Chadian 110 55 55
Congolese 1,425 630 795
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 165 60 110
Guinean 285 120 165
Ibo 35 0 0
Ivorian 320 130 195
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 90 65 25
Nigerian 170 100 70
Peulh 110 65 45
Senegalese 180 100 80
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 285 155 135
Yoruba 10 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 290 170 120
North African origins 3,545 1,990 1,560
Algerian 765 420 350
Berber 555 330 220
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 460 260 200
Libyan 80 55 25
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,385 700 680
Sudanese 45 30 0
Tunisian 335 240 90
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,125 920 1,210
Afrikaner 40 30 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 55 35 20
Burundian 735 315 425
Eritrean 45 0 40
Ethiopian 70 40 35
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 20 0 15
Malagasy 100 40 60
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 685 300 385
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 125 50 80
South African 80 40 45
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 45 0 30
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 0 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 125 50 75
Other African origins 1,540 835 705
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 95 30 65
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,520 820 705
Asian origins 13,110 6,595 6,510
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 7,645 4,085 3,565
Afghan 55 35 20
Arab, n.o.s. 1,320 715 605
Armenian 240 135 105
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 470 245 220
Iraqi 310 145 160
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 105 65 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 110 80 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 4,420 2,325 2,095
Palestinian 240 115 130
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 370 220 150
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 260 165 95
Uighur 50 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 20 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 15 40
South Asian origins 1,065 510 550
Bangladeshi 105 55 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 610 285 325
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 110 40 70
Punjabi 25 0 25
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 60 35 20
Tamil 150 0 60
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,445 2,020 2,425
Burmese 45 0 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 215 60 150
Chinese 2,300 975 1,330
Filipino 450 175 270
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 45 20 25
Japanese 265 165 95
Korean 240 105 135
Laotian 160 65 95
Malaysian 15 0 20
Mongolian 65 0 30
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 60 0 45
Thai 145 65 90
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 785 470 310
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 65 35 30
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 65 35 30
Oceania origins 85 35 45
Australian 70 30 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 261,665 127,115 134,550
Buddhist 1,085 505 575
Christian 209,905 99,745 110,165
Anglican 1,815 900 920
Baptist 1,745 785 955
Catholic 190,375 90,410 99,960
Christian Orthodox 2,780 1,440 1,345
Lutheran 375 180 200
Pentecostal 1,675 825 850
Presbyterian 445 250 200
United Church 1,420 670 750
Other Christian 9,270 4,285 4,985
Hindu 290 170 125
Jewish 210 130 80
Muslim 7,190 3,860 3,325
Sikh 25 0 25
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 55 20 40
Other religions 600 300 305
No religious affiliation 42,300 22,380 19,920
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 261,665 127,115 134,550
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 9,065 4,485 4,575
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,625 2,275 2,350
Métis single identity 4,025 2,050 1,975
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 110 15 95
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 115 65 50
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 190 85 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 252,605 122,625 129,980
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 261,665 127,115 134,550
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,955 965 995
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 259,710 126,150 133,560
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 261,665 127,115 134,555
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 19,915 9,335 10,580
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,495 7,670 8,825
Métis ancestry 3,530 1,730 1,800
Inuit ancestry 240 100 135
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 241,755 117,780 123,975
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 40,700 19,135 21,555
Aboriginal languages 105 40 70
Algonquin 20 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 75 25 50
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,590 19,105 21,490
Italian 1,495 755 740
Portuguese 3,265 1,605 1,660
Romanian 825 370 455
Spanish 13,380 5,565 7,815
Dutch 275 135 135
Flemish 35 25 0
German 1,515 710 800
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 35 0 30
Norwegian 45 0 0
Swedish 50 0 30
Afrikaans 65 35 30
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 210 105 105
Bulgarian 175 50 130
Croatian 320 190 125
Czech 95 45 50
Macedonian 10 0 0
Polish 475 240 240
Russian 775 355 420
Serbian 635 340 295
Serbo-Croatian 345 185 165
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 15 10 0
Ukrainian 75 15 60
Latvian 30 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 185 95 85
Armenian 40 15 20
Albanian 70 20 40
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 35 25 0
Hungarian 130 60 70
Turkish 230 145 85
Berber languages (Kabyle) 130 55 75
Oromo 185 85 100
Somali 175 70 105
Amharic 65 20 40
Arabic 7,680 4,145 3,535
Hebrew 30 0 25
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 40 0 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 135 85 45
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 125 60 65
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 65 0 55
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 115 60 55
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 180 125 55
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 440 235 205
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 195 125 70
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 340 180 160
Korean 175 80 95
Cantonese 165 60 100
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 545 245 295
Taiwanese 50 0 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,105 570 530
Lao 145 60 85
Thai 105 40 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 65 80
Vietnamese 550 290 255
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 25 0 20
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 300 100 205
Akan (Twi) 40 20 25
Lingala 440 205 240
Rundi (Kirundi) 555 260 300
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 535 195 345
Swahili 1,140 550 595
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 430 240 190
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 730 335 400
African languages, n.i.e. 200 80 120
Creoles 1,910 775 1,130
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,395 750 650
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 258,205 125,305 132,905
Non-movers 219,820 106,120 113,700
Movers 38,380 19,180 19,205
Non-migrants 27,125 13,735 13,390
Migrants 11,260 5,450 5,815
Internal migrants 9,370 4,485 4,885
Intraprovincial migrants 5,380 2,660 2,725
Interprovincial migrants 3,985 1,825 2,160
External migrants 1,890 960 930
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 245,230 118,610 126,620
Non-movers 138,605 66,615 71,990
Movers 106,625 51,995 54,630
Non-migrants 69,650 33,925 35,725
Migrants 36,970 18,065 18,905
Internal migrants 29,810 14,690 15,120
Intraprovincial migrants 18,765 9,305 9,455
Interprovincial migrants 11,045 5,385 5,665
External migrants 7,160 3,375 3,780
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 215,680 103,605 112,075
No certificate, diploma or degree 45,430 22,975 22,455
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 47,365 21,675 25,690
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 122,890 58,955 63,930
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 26,480 14,965 11,510
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 37,620 17,360 20,255
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 9,495 3,995 5,500
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 49,300 22,630 26,665
Bachelor's degree 30,325 12,735 17,590
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 18,970 9,905 9,070
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 150,975 72,915 78,060
No certificate, diploma or degree 20,255 11,100 9,150
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 30,400 13,995 16,400
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 100,320 47,815 52,510
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 20,880 11,680 9,200
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 28,445 13,295 15,150
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,375 3,050 4,330
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 43,620 19,795 23,825
Bachelor's degree 26,755 11,285 15,465
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 16,870 8,510 8,360
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 215,680 103,605 112,075
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 92,795 44,650 48,145
Education 9,105 2,415 6,685
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,120 2,135 1,985
Humanities 8,385 3,625 4,755
Social and behavioural sciences and law 16,425 6,410 10,020
Business, management and public administration 30,560 10,520 20,040
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,235 2,420 1,810
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,415 5,155 2,265
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 19,920 18,445 1,475
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,770 1,120 655
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 13,420 2,660 10,760
Personal, protective and transportation services 7,510 4,035 3,475
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 215,680 103,605 112,075
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 92,795 44,650 48,145
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 122,885 58,955 63,930
Location of study inside Canada 113,280 54,100 59,185
Same as province or territory of residence 75,075 35,230 39,850
Another province or territory 38,205 18,870 19,335
Location of study outside Canada 9,605 4,855 4,745
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 158,930 80,225 78,705
Single responses 145,105 73,065 72,045
English 48,555 26,470 22,085
French 96,050 46,310 49,740
Non-official languages 495 285 215
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 45 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 175 120 50
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 20 0 0
Portuguese 70 35 35
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 165 75 95
Multiple responses 13,825 7,165 6,665
English and French 13,355 6,910 6,445
English and non-official language 255 165 90
French and non-official language 60 0 45
English, French and non-official language 160 85 80
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 158,930 80,225 78,700
English 48,555 26,470 22,085
French 96,055 46,315 49,740
Non-official language 495 280 215
Aboriginal 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 475 280 195
English and French 13,350 6,905 6,450
English and non-official language 255 165 95
French and non-official language 60 0 45
English, French and non-official language 160 80 80
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 215,685 103,610 112,075
In the labour force 151,070 76,500 74,570
Employed 142,395 71,645 70,745
Unemployed 8,680 4,855 3,825
Not in the labour force 64,615 27,105 37,505
Participation rate 70.0 73.8 66.5
Employment rate 66.0 69.1 63.1
Unemployment rate 5.7 6.3 5.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 151,070 76,500 74,570
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,855 1,460 1,400
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 148,210 75,040 73,175
Employee 136,925 67,930 68,995
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 11,290 7,115 4,175
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 151,070 76,500 74,565
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,855 1,460 1,395
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 148,215 75,040 73,170
0 Management occupations 14,390 8,445 5,945
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 34,585 10,325 24,265
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 11,735 9,035 2,700
3 Health occupations 8,320 1,750 6,570
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 21,705 8,065 13,635
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,060 2,350 2,715
6 Sales and service occupations 33,855 17,625 16,235
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 15,670 14,995 675
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 970 865 105
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,925 1,590 335
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 151,070 76,500 74,565
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,855 1,460 1,400
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 148,210 75,040 73,170
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 315 235 75
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 150 90 55
22 Utilities 755 665 95
23 Construction 9,750 8,750 1,005
31-33 Manufacturing 4,690 3,785 905
41 Wholesale trade 2,475 2,060 410
44-45 Retail trade 15,820 7,745 8,075
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,000 3,215 785
51 Information and cultural industries 2,835 1,600 1,235
52 Finance and insurance 3,470 1,240 2,230
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,715 1,025 690
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 7,405 4,500 2,910
55 Management of companies and enterprises 80 40 35
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 6,515 4,285 2,230
61 Educational services 11,715 4,060 7,655
62 Health care and social assistance 16,210 3,420 12,790
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 3,795 2,205 1,590
72 Accommodation and food services 8,835 4,520 4,315
81 Other services (except public administration) 5,685 2,395 3,280
91 Public administration 42,010 19,210 22,800
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 151,065 76,500 74,565
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 6,890 3,295 3,595
Worked in 2010 144,180 73,205 70,980
1 to 13 weeks 6,015 2,825 3,190
14 to 26 weeks 10,450 5,095 5,360
27 to 39 weeks 8,455 4,535 3,920
40 to 48 weeks 23,725 11,835 11,890
49 to 52 weeks 95,535 48,920 46,615
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 45.6 45.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 151,065 76,500 74,570
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 6,890 3,295 3,595
Worked in 2010 144,185 73,205 70,975
Worked full-time in 2010 119,170 62,700 56,470
Worked part-time in 2010 25,015 10,505 14,510
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 142,390 71,645 70,745
Worked at home 5,350 2,545 2,810
Worked outside Canada 305 215 90
No fixed workplace address 12,250 9,545 2,700
Worked at usual place 124,485 59,340 65,145
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 136,735 68,890 67,845
Car, truck or van - as a driver 93,800 50,750 43,045
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 9,315 2,790 6,525
Public transit 23,715 10,030 13,690
Walked 6,165 2,825 3,340
Bicycle 2,670 1,955 710
Other methods 1,065 530 535
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 136,735 68,890 67,840
Median commuting duration 20.9 25.0 20.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 136,735 68,890 67,845
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 40,965 24,800 16,165
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 74,630 32,800 41,825
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 21,135 11,285 9,850
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 112,760 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 105,310 ... ...
Major repairs needed 7,450 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 112,760 ... ...
1960 or before 17,930 ... ...
1961 to 1980 34,390 ... ...
1981 to 1990 20,420 ... ...
1991 to 2000 17,770 ... ...
2001 to 2005 10,350 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 11,895 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 112,755 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 30,710 ... ...
5 rooms 20,445 ... ...
6 rooms 17,250 ... ...
7 rooms 14,560 ... ...
8 or more rooms 29,785 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 112,760 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 13,780 ... ...
2 bedrooms 34,415 ... ...
3 bedrooms 43,825 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 20,730 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 112,755 ... ...
Owner 72,480 ... ...
Renter 40,275 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 112,755 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 11,875 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 100,885 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 112,760 ... ...
1 household maintainer 67,500 ... ...
2 household maintainers 43,895 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,360 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 112,755 ... ...
Under 25 years 5,225 ... ...
25 to 34 years 19,955 ... ...
35 to 44 years 21,160 ... ...
45 to 54 years 26,835 ... ...
55 to 64 years 20,450 ... ...
65 to 74 years 11,200 ... ...
75 years and over 7,925 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 112,755 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 111,630 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,130 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 112,760 ... ...
Suitable 108,145 ... ...
Not suitable 4,610 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 112,595 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 88,205 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 24,390 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 19,635 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 72,450 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 68.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,070 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,069 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 219,283 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 235,739 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 40,275 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 733 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 770 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 215,685 103,610 112,075
Without income 10,255 4,505 5,740
With income 205,430 99,100 106,330
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 15,645 7,945 7,690
$5,000 to $9,999 13,865 5,580 8,290
$10,000 to $14,999 17,925 7,045 10,880
$15,000 to $19,999 17,290 7,120 10,165
$20,000 to $29,999 24,530 10,955 13,580
$30,000 to $39,999 24,005 11,460 12,540
$40,000 to $49,999 22,880 11,450 11,425
$50,000 to $59,999 21,635 10,210 11,425
$60,000 to $79,999 25,570 13,325 12,245
$80,000 to $99,999 11,955 7,015 4,940
$100,000 and over 10,130 6,980 3,150
$100,000 to $124,999 6,000 3,975 2,025
$125,000 and over 4,130 3,010 1,120
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,647 39,489 31,933
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 41,649 46,095 37,506
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 215,680 103,610 112,075
Without after-tax income 10,235 4,510 5,725
With after-tax income 205,450 99,095 106,350
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 16,200 8,125 8,070
$5,000 to $9,999 14,315 5,560 8,760
$10,000 to $14,999 18,405 7,245 11,165
$15,000 to $19,999 18,845 8,080 10,765
$20,000 to $29,999 30,990 13,950 17,035
$30,000 to $39,999 32,210 16,495 15,715
$40,000 to $49,999 29,945 14,155 15,785
$50,000 to $59,999 19,305 9,880 9,420
$60,000 to $79,999 17,860 10,390 7,465
$80,000 to $99,999 4,640 3,165 1,475
$100,000 and over 2,735 2,050 685
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,132 33,906 28,428
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,034 37,017 31,255
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.9 91.9 85.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.9 79.8 75.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.2 75.5 72.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.7 4.4 2.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 1.9 2.3 1.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.9 8.7 6.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.2 1.1 1.3
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.1 8.1 14.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.0 2.7 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.4 1.8 3.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.3 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.9 0.3 3.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 2.0 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.3 19.7 16.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.7 80.3 83.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.9 1.0 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 85,215 44,595 40,615
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 52,070 54,252 50,128
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 56,172 59,918 52,060
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 74,770 ... ...
Median family income ($) 82,580 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,376 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,226 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,331 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 26,940 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,134 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,849 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,611 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,590 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 31,625 ... ...
Median family income ($) 106,033 ... ...
Average family income ($) 114,900 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 88,433 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 93,123 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 13,840 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,678 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,388 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 47,066 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,876 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 43,655 20,520 23,130
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,309 33,819 31,287
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,784 39,137 36,584
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,557 29,551 27,582
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,153 31,930 30,464
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 261,665 127,110 134,550
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 120,180 56,510 63,670
In bottom decile 23,810 11,440 12,370
In second decile 20,535 9,060 11,465
In third decile 23,205 10,735 12,475
In fourth decile 25,045 12,060 12,990
In fifth decile 27,580 13,205 14,375
In top half of the Canadian distribution 141,485 70,610 70,880
In sixth decile 28,530 14,050 14,485
In seventh decile 31,315 15,170 16,145
In eighth decile 31,805 16,210 15,590
In ninth decile 29,465 14,850 14,615
In top decile 20,380 10,335 10,050
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 112,760 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,040 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,325 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,140 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,310 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 9,880 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 9,465 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,550 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 16,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 13,495 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,460 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,565 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 112,760 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,090 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,400 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,205 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,570 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 10,235 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 12,385 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 13,350 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,390 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 19,035 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 13,065 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,035 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,745 ... ...
$125,000 and over 8,295 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 112,760 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 63,911 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 75,880 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,223 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,011 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 34,810 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,446 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 40,455 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,718 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,098 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 77,945 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 82,090 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 91,702 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 69,031 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 74,925 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 261,665 127,110 134,550
Less than 18 years 56,695 29,170 27,530
Less than 6 years 19,575 10,125 9,445
18 to 64 years 176,530 85,475 91,055
65 years and over 28,435 12,470 15,965
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 34,385 15,585 18,800
Less than 18 years 7,485 3,990 3,490
Less than 6 years 2,750 1,420 1,325
18 to 64 years 22,160 10,215 11,940
65 years and over 4,745 1,380 3,365
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.1 12.3 14.0
Less than 18 years (%) 13.2 13.7 12.7
Less than 6 years (%) 14.0 14.0 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.0 13.1
65 years and over (%) 16.7 11.1 21.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Gatineau, , Quebec (Code 2481) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 24, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Gatineau, , Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Gatineau, , Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Gatineau, 
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 265,349 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 242,124 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 9.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 117,769 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 112,758 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 773.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 342.98 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 265,350 128,405 136,945
0 to 4 years 16,605 8,520 8,085
5 to 9 years 14,500 7,445 7,055
10 to 14 years 15,165 7,510 7,655
15 to 19 years 17,995 9,040 8,960
15 years 3,385 1,730 1,650
16 years 3,450 1,765 1,680
17 years 3,625 1,805 1,820
18 years 3,685 1,855 1,835
19 years 3,855 1,885 1,965
20 to 24 years 18,360 9,045 9,315
25 to 29 years 18,505 9,060 9,445
30 to 34 years 19,115 9,380 9,735
35 to 39 years 18,300 8,980 9,320
40 to 44 years 18,785 9,110 9,680
45 to 49 years 22,235 10,755 11,480
50 to 54 years 21,935 10,590 11,340
55 to 59 years 18,020 8,730 9,285
60 to 64 years 14,735 7,100 7,630
65 to 69 years 10,555 5,005 5,555
70 to 74 years 7,260 3,230 4,030
75 to 79 years 5,660 2,375 3,285
80 to 84 years 4,230 1,560 2,660
85 years and over 3,385 955 2,430
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.4 37.3 39.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.6 81.7 83.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 219,075 104,930 114,150
Married or living with a common-law partner 121,385 60,595 60,795
Married (and not separated) 78,780 39,320 39,460
Living common law 42,610 21,270 21,335
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 97,690 44,335 53,355
Single (never legally married) 65,640 34,105 31,540
Separated 4,710 2,015 2,700
Divorced 16,190 5,995 10,190
Widowed 11,145 2,225 8,925
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 74,600 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 37,540 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 17,490 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 14,205 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 5,355 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 74,600 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 59,825 ... ...
Married couples 38,540 ... ...
Without children at home 18,155 ... ...
With children at home 20,390 ... ...
1 child 8,040 ... ...
2 children 8,720 ... ...
3 or more children 3,630 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,285 ... ...
Without children at home 10,285 ... ...
With children at home 11,005 ... ...
1 child 5,040 ... ...
2 children 4,465 ... ...
3 or more children 1,500 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 14,770 ... ...
Female parent 11,280 ... ...
1 child 6,860 ... ...
2 children 3,410 ... ...
3 or more children 1,010 ... ...
Male parent 3,495 ... ...
1 child 2,250 ... ...
2 children 1,000 ... ...
3 or more children 240 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 78,385 ... ...
Under six years of age 19,540 ... ...
6 to 14 years 26,495 ... ...
15 to 17 years 10,125 ... ...
18 to 24 years 15,820 ... ...
25 years and over 6,405 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 261,665 127,030 134,635
Number of persons not in census families 48,855 22,700 26,150
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,105 2,280 2,825
Living with non-relatives only 8,915 5,090 3,825
Living alone 34,830 15,335 19,495
Number of census family persons 212,815 104,330 108,485
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 28,445 12,420 16,025
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 10,600 2,875 7,725
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,245 265 985
Living with non-relatives only 740 330 410
Living alone 8,615 2,280 6,335
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 17,850 9,545 8,305
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 112,760 ... ...
Census-family households 73,585 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 68,815 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 56,290 ... ...
Without children 26,570 ... ...
With children 29,720 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 12,525 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,770 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,770 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,255 ... ...
Without children 1,055 ... ...
With children 1,205 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,520 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,000 ... ...
Non-census-family households 39,175 ... ...
One-person households 34,830 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,345 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 112,760 ... ...
Single-detached house 46,365 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 6,615 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 105 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 59,670 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,515 ... ...
Row house 6,665 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,725 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 30,615 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 112,755 ... ...
1 person 34,830 ... ...
2 persons 37,905 ... ...
3 persons 18,445 ... ...
4 persons 14,890 ... ...
5 persons 4,825 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,870 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 261,670 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 263,260 127,620 135,635
  Single responses  256,280 124,160 132,120
    English  29,060 14,520 14,540
    French  203,365 97,825 105,535
    Non-official languages  23,860 11,810 12,045
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 95 40 60
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  70 30 45
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  10 0 5
        Inuktitut  10 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 23,305 11,525 11,780
        African languages, n.i.e 70 40 30
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 5
        Albanian  40 10 25
        Amharic  60 30 35
        Arabic  5,655 3,035 2,625
        Armenian  55 30 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 135 80 55
        Bengali  70 40 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  100 55 45
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  140 70 75
        Bulgarian  195 90 110
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  150 70 80
        Chinese, n.o.s.  820 400 420
        Creoles  765 345 415
        Croatian  190 95 85
        Czech  55 25 35
        Danish  10 0 5
        Dutch  160 75 85
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  20 10 10
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  410 170 235
        Greek  115 75 45
        Gujarati  5 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 10 5
        Hindi  30 15 15
        Hungarian  120 60 55
        Ilocano  0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  410 230 180
        Japanese  80 25 50
        Khmer (Cambodian)  200 90 105
        Korean  95 30 65
        Kurdish  70 45 25
        Lao  110 55 55
        Latvian  10 10 0
        Lingala  105 55 50
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  30 10 15
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  445 200 245
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 295 165 135
        Norwegian  10 0 5
        Oromo  200 115 90
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  65 25 35
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  480 255 230
        Polish  370 170 195
        Portuguese  2,520 1,225 1,295
        Romanian  815 400 410
        Rundi (Kirundi)  385 185 195
        Russian  470 205 265
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  355 145 210
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Serbian  505 275 235
        Serbo-Croatian  400 195 205
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Slovak  45 20 25
        Slovenian  10 10 5
        Somali  155 80 75
        Spanish  3,860 1,795 2,065
        Swahili  265 145 120
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  180 45 135
        Taiwanese  10 0 5
        Tamil  35 15 20
        Telugu  10 5 0
        Thai  40 10 30
        Tibetan languages  0 0 5
        Tigrigna  30 10 20
        Turkish  100 60 40
        Ukrainian  90 30 60
        Urdu  100 50 55
        Vietnamese  415 200 220
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 455 245 210
  Multiple responses          6,975 3,455 3,520
    English and French  4,410 2,160 2,255
    English and non-official language  580 280 295
    French and non-official language  1,600 815 785
    English, French and non-official language 385 200 190
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 263,260 127,620 135,635
  English only 17,195 9,005 8,185
  French only 76,050 33,160 42,895
  English and French 168,475 84,765 83,710
  Neither English nor French 1,535 690 850
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 263,255 127,615 135,640
  English 37,715 18,950 18,760
  French 216,755 104,250 112,500
  English and French 7,320 3,765 3,555
  Neither English nor French 1,470 645 820
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 41,375 20,840 20,540
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 15.7 16.3 15.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 263,255 127,620 135,635
  Single responses 253,855 123,075 130,780
    English 35,180 17,680 17,500
    French 205,710 99,025 106,685
    Non-official languages 12,960 6,365 6,600
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 50 25 30
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 45 20 25
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 5
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 5 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,760 6,260 6,500
        African languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 20 10 15
        Amharic 30 15 15
        Arabic 3,270 1,680 1,585
        Armenian 25 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
        Bengali 45 25 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 50 20 25
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 110 55 55
        Bulgarian 135 65 75
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 60 30 30
        Chinese, n.o.s. 695 345 350
        Creoles 250 110 135
        Croatian 125 70 60
        Czech 20 5 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 25 10 15
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 60 25 30
        Greek 30 15 10
        Gujarati 5 0 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 15 5 10
        Hungarian 40 20 20
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 55 30 25
        Japanese 40 15 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 55
        Korean 60 25 35
        Kurdish 40 25 15
        Lao 70 30 30
        Latvian 5 5 0
        Lingala 30 15 15
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 10 5 5
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 330 160 170
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 30 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 30 15 15
        Pashto 5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 280 135 150
        Polish 135 65 70
        Portuguese 1,125 535 590
        Romanian 600 305 295
        Rundi (Kirundi) 115 55 60
        Russian 320 155 170
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 80 35 45
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Serbian 450 235 215
        Serbo-Croatian 320 160 160
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Slovak 15 5 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 90 35 50
        Spanish 2,665 1,280 1,390
        Swahili 85 35 50
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 15 15
        Taiwanese 5 0 5
        Tamil 15 10 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 15 0 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 15 5 5
        Turkish 40 20 20
        Ukrainian 40 15 20
        Urdu 55 30 30
        Vietnamese 275 130 145
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 155 85 70
  Multiple responses         9,400 4,545 4,855
    English and French 4,840 2,325 2,515
    English and non-official language 1,100 550 545
    French and non-official language 2,535 1,190 1,345
    English, French and non-official language 925 475 455
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 263,255 127,615 135,635
  None 203,025 98,145 104,875
  Single responses  57,660 28,210 29,460
    English  35,085 17,185 17,900
    French  14,355 6,955 7,400
    Non-official languages  8,225 4,070 4,155
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 15 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 10 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,810 3,865 3,945
        African languages, n.i.e 60 35 25
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  15 0 10
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  20 10 10
        Arabic  1,645 885 760
        Armenian  10 0 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 95 60 35
        Bengali  15 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  30 10 20
        Bulgarian  30 15 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  55 30 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  95 35 65
        Creoles  615 270 340
        Croatian  35 20 10
        Czech  20 10 5
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  45 20 25
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  175 70 100
        Greek  60 40 20
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  30 15 15
        Hungarian  25 10 15
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  195 95 105
        Japanese  45 25 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  55 25 35
        Korean  20 5 15
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  25 10 15
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  155 75 80
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  15 10 10
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  80 30 55
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 215 110 105
        Norwegian  10 5 0
        Oromo  70 40 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  30 15 15
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  120 65 50
        Polish  110 45 65
        Portuguese  775 395 380
        Romanian  125 60 60
        Rundi (Kirundi)  205 110 95
        Russian  175 80 90
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  175 70 105
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  60 40 25
        Serbo-Croatian  45 30 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  50 25 25
        Spanish  1,365 645 720
        Swahili  180 100 85
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  75 15 60
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 5 5
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 5 10
        Turkish  35 25 5
        Ukrainian  25 10 20
        Urdu  40 20 15
        Vietnamese  95 45 50
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 385 190 195
  Multiple responses          2,570 1,265 1,300
    English and French  1,035 535 500
    English and non-official language  1,010 475 535
    French and non-official language  505 245 260
    English, French and non-official language  15 10 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Gatineau, , Quebec (Code 2481) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 24, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Gatineau, Territoire équivalent (Census Division), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Gatineau, , Quebec (Census division)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, re