NHS Profile, Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nord-du-Québec, CDR
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 42,390 21,705 20,685
Canadian citizens 42,260 21,620 20,640
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,370 7,590 6,785
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 27,890 14,030 13,860
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 125 85 45
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 42,390 21,710 20,685
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 41,955 21,480 20,475
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 400 200 205
Before 1971 55 40 15
1971 to 1980 65 30 30
1981 to 1990 45 20 20
1991 to 2000 100 45 55
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 145 70 75
2001 to 2005 80 35 50
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 65 35 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 30 25 0
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 400 200 200
Under 5 years 140 50 90
5 to 14 years 40 20 20
15 to 24 years 55 30 25
25 to 44 years 150 85 65
45 years and over 15 10 0
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 42,390 21,705 20,685
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 41,960 21,485 20,475
Born in province of residence 38,955 20,030 18,925
Born outside province of residence 3,005 1,455 1,550
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 400 200 205
Americas 100 35 65
United States 20 10 10
Jamaica 10 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 30 0 30
Mexico 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 10 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 10 0 10
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0
Europe 115 75 40
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25 20 0
Italy 0 0 0
Germany 10 10 0
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 45 20 25
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 0
Africa 105 65 40
Morocco 15 10 10
Algeria 10 10 0
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 80 45 30
Asia 85 35 55
India 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 25 0 20
Philippines 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 10 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 10 10 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 30 20 10
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 60 35 30
Americas 10 10 0
United States 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 15 10 0
France 10 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 25 15 15
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 10 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 10
Asia 20 0 10
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 42,390 21,710 20,685
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 450 230 215
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 510 235 275
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 41,435 21,240 20,195
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 42,390 21,710 20,685
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 385 190 195
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 15 10 0
Chinese 40 10 30
Black 185 100 85
Filipino 0 0 0
Latin American 45 20 30
Arab 45 35 15
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 20 10 15
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 10 0 0
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 42,005 21,515 20,485
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 42,390 21,710 20,685
North American Aboriginal origins 27,535 13,910 13,625
First Nations (North American Indian) 16,745 8,440 8,300
Inuit 11,415 5,770 5,645
Métis 230 120 105
Other North American origins 13,555 7,050 6,505
Acadian 65 30 30
American 115 50 65
Canadian 12,725 6,610 6,115
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 65 30 30
Nova Scotian 10 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 775 415 365
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 8,045 4,215 3,835
British Isles origins 3,265 1,675 1,590
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 845 415 425
Irish 950 520 435
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,655 825 835
Welsh 15 10 10
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 75 40 40
French origins 4,890 2,595 2,295
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 25 25 0
French 4,885 2,590 2,295
Western European origins (except French origins) 455 220 235
Austrian 25 25 10
Belgian 65 30 30
Dutch 30 15 10
Flemish 10 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 330 150 175
Luxembourger 15 0 0
Swiss 20 10 10
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 95 35 55
Danish 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 30 30
Swedish 0 0 0
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 10 0 0
Eastern European origins 330 135 190
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 10 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 0 10
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 155 85 70
Romanian 10 0 10
Russian 50 25 20
Slovak 90 10 80
Ukrainian 15 10 0
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 325 175 145
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 25 10 15
Italian 240 140 95
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 15 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 30 10 20
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 85 45 40
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 10 0 0
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 80 40 35
Caribbean origins 80 20 55
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 35 10 30
Jamaican 25 10 10
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 60 25 35
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 10 0 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 10 0 0
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 15 0 10
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 240 130 105
Central and West African origins 45 25 20
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 10 10 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 10 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 65 25 45
Algerian 10 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 15 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 20 15 0
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 10 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 110 75 40
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 20 10 15
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 90 65 25
Asian origins 190 75 110
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 60 35 30
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 20 10 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 10 10 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 25 10 15
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 35 15 20
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 15 10 10
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 10 0 0
Sri Lankan 10 0 10
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 90 30 55
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 45 10 35
Filipino 10 0 0
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 15 0 0
Laotian 10 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 42,390 21,705 20,685
Buddhist 20 10 15
Christian 38,570 19,695 18,875
Anglican 18,540 9,365 9,175
Baptist 320 145 175
Catholic 13,940 7,355 6,580
Christian Orthodox 15 10 10
Lutheran 10 0 0
Pentecostal 4,575 2,280 2,295
Presbyterian 15 10 0
United Church 20 15 10
Other Christian 1,140 520 615
Hindu 0 0 0
Jewish 15 10 0
Muslim 95 45 55
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 290 150 145
Other religions 0 0 10
No religious affiliation 3,380 1,795 1,585
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 42,390 21,705 20,685
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 27,205 13,665 13,545
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 15,825 8,000 7,825
Métis single identity 320 145 180
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 10,860 5,470 5,390
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 45 30 15
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 155 20 130
Non-Aboriginal identity 15,185 8,040 7,145
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 42,390 21,705 20,685
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 15,535 7,785 7,750
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 26,855 13,920 12,935
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 42,390 21,705 20,685
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 27,535 13,910 13,625
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,745 8,445 8,300
Métis ancestry 225 120 105
Inuit ancestry 11,410 5,770 5,645
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 14,860 7,795 7,060
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 26,985 13,680 13,310
Aboriginal languages 26,440 13,375 13,065
Algonquin 40 15 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 15,495 7,830 7,665
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 15 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10,935 5,555 5,380
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 40 20 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 570 320 250
Italian 20 10 0
Portuguese 10 10 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 310 175 140
Dutch 10 0 0
Flemish 0 0 0
German 30 15 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 10 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 10 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 45 35 10
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 20 10 10
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 10 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 25 10 15
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 41,580 21,255 20,325
Non-movers 36,865 18,900 17,970
Movers 4,710 2,355 2,355
Non-migrants 3,025 1,470 1,555
Migrants 1,685 885 800
Internal migrants 1,660 860 795
Intraprovincial migrants 1,445 745 700
Interprovincial migrants 215 115 100
External migrants 30 25 0
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 38,060 19,435 18,620
Non-movers 25,310 13,065 12,245
Movers 12,750 6,370 6,375
Non-migrants 8,755 4,355 4,400
Migrants 3,990 2,020 1,970
Internal migrants 3,910 1,970 1,940
Intraprovincial migrants 3,485 1,750 1,740
Interprovincial migrants 425 225 195
External migrants 75 40 35
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 30,205 15,280 14,925
No certificate, diploma or degree 14,465 7,385 7,080
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 4,380 1,870 2,510
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 11,355 6,025 5,330
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,115 3,375 1,740
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 3,235 1,500 1,735
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 690 240 450
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,315 905 1,405
Bachelor's degree 1,630 605 1,020
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 690 300 390
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 20,660 10,445 10,215
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,740 3,995 3,745
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 3,025 1,315 1,710
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 9,895 5,140 4,760
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,430 2,895 1,535
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,710 1,215 1,490
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 600 200 400
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,155 825 1,325
Bachelor's degree 1,490 540 950
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 665 285 375
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 30,205 15,280 14,920
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 18,845 9,255 9,590
Education 1,165 275 890
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 105 55 50
Humanities 400 195 205
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,125 205 910
Business, management and public administration 1,910 455 1,455
Physical and life sciences and technologies 245 140 110
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 210 130 75
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,005 2,780 225
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 435 380 50
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 1,210 280 925
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,550 1,120 425
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 30,200 15,280 14,925
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 18,845 9,255 9,590
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 11,355 6,025 5,330
Location of study inside Canada 11,210 5,945 5,265
Same as province or territory of residence 10,240 5,450 4,790
Another province or territory 970 490 480
Location of study outside Canada 145 80 65
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 22,095 11,325 10,770
Single responses 21,500 11,065 10,435
English 4,640 2,370 2,270
French 8,925 4,900 4,020
Non-official languages 7,935 3,800 4,135
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 4,580 2,200 2,380
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 3,330 1,590 1,745
Other languages 25 15 10
Multiple responses 600 255 345
English and French 320 140 180
English and non-official language 230 100 135
French and non-official language 10 0 10
English, French and non-official language 40 15 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 22,100 11,325 10,775
English 4,635 2,365 2,270
French 8,925 4,900 4,020
Non-official language 7,935 3,800 4,140
Aboriginal 7,925 3,795 4,135
Non-Aboriginal 10 0 0
English and French 320 140 175
English and non-official language 230 95 135
French and non-official language 10 0 10
English, French and non-official language 40 10 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 30,205 15,280 14,920
In the labour force 19,950 10,435 9,520
Employed 17,410 8,835 8,575
Unemployed 2,545 1,595 950
Not in the labour force 10,250 4,850 5,400
Participation rate 66.0 68.3 63.8
Employment rate 57.6 57.8 57.5
Unemployment rate 12.8 15.3 10.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 19,955 10,430 9,520
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 530 325 205
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 19,425 10,110 9,315
Employee 18,765 9,730 9,035
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 660 375 280
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 19,955 10,430 9,515
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 525 325 205
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 19,425 10,110 9,320
0 Management occupations 1,375 875 500
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,530 550 1,980
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 640 545 90
3 Health occupations 990 185 810
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,900 1,080 2,825
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 480 235 245
6 Sales and service occupations 4,665 2,095 2,575
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,290 3,130 160
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 780 700 80
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 770 715 50
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 19,955 10,435 9,520
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 525 325 200
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 19,425 10,110 9,315
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 310 265 50
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 730 630 100
22 Utilities 285 270 15
23 Construction 1,185 1,015 165
31-33 Manufacturing 1,155 1,050 100
41 Wholesale trade 120 105 20
44-45 Retail trade 1,910 915 995
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 610 420 190
51 Information and cultural industries 220 145 75
52 Finance and insurance 205 20 185
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 175 115 60
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 245 145 105
55 Management of companies and enterprises 50 20 35
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 405 245 160
61 Educational services 2,230 740 1,495
62 Health care and social assistance 3,910 910 3,005
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 310 190 120
72 Accommodation and food services 1,030 390 645
81 Other services (except public administration) 605 330 280
91 Public administration 3,695 2,185 1,510
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 19,950 10,430 9,520
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,305 630 670
Worked in 2010 18,650 9,800 8,845
1 to 13 weeks 1,545 780 765
14 to 26 weeks 2,160 1,160 995
27 to 39 weeks 1,380 800 575
40 to 48 weeks 2,835 1,645 1,185
49 to 52 weeks 10,730 5,415 5,320
Average weeks worked in 2010 42.2 42.1 42.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 19,955 10,430 9,515
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,305 630 670
Worked in 2010 18,650 9,805 8,850
Worked full-time in 2010 15,595 8,455 7,145
Worked part-time in 2010 3,055 1,350 1,705
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 17,405 8,835 8,570
Worked at home 375 155 220
Worked outside Canada 0 0 0
No fixed workplace address 1,480 1,200 280
Worked at usual place 15,545 7,470 8,075
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 17,020 8,670 8,355
Car, truck or van - as a driver 8,750 5,040 3,715
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,780 685 1,095
Public transit 200 190 15
Walked 5,325 2,200 3,120
Bicycle 100 70 35
Other methods 860 490 375
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 17,025 8,670 8,355
Median commuting duration 5.7 5.8 5.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 17,020 8,670 8,350
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 2,225 1,890 335
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 11,920 5,300 6,620
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 2,875 1,480 1,400
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 12,930 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 10,165 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,765 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 12,930 ... ...
1960 or before 1,240 ... ...
1961 to 1980 4,260 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,935 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,070 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,035 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,395 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 12,930 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,775 ... ...
5 rooms 3,020 ... ...
6 rooms 2,295 ... ...
7 rooms 1,485 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,355 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 12,930 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 855 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,535 ... ...
3 bedrooms 4,570 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,970 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 12,930 ... ...
Owner 4,890 ... ...
Renter 5,295 ... ...
Band housing 2,740 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 12,930 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 145 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 12,785 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 12,930 ... ...
1 household maintainer 8,975 ... ...
2 household maintainers 3,725 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 230 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 12,930 ... ...
Under 25 years 565 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,650 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,965 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,875 ... ...
55 to 64 years 2,125 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,130 ... ...
75 years and over 615 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 12,930 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 11,385 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,545 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 12,930 ... ...
Suitable 10,810 ... ...
Not suitable 2,115 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 9,150 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 8,205 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 940 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 745 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,540 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 11.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 632 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 736 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 89,996 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 113,043 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,610 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 61.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 9.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 389 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 377 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 30,200 15,280 14,920
Without income 1,650 840 815
With income 28,550 14,445 14,105
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 3,055 1,705 1,355
$5,000 to $9,999 2,640 1,150 1,495
$10,000 to $14,999 2,875 1,370 1,515
$15,000 to $19,999 2,515 1,165 1,350
$20,000 to $29,999 4,030 1,760 2,270
$30,000 to $39,999 3,410 1,670 1,735
$40,000 to $49,999 2,865 1,470 1,390
$50,000 to $59,999 2,205 1,220 980
$60,000 to $79,999 2,630 1,475 1,155
$80,000 to $99,999 1,275 770 505
$100,000 and over 1,045 690 365
$100,000 to $124,999 665 450 210
$125,000 and over 385 235 150
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,649 30,333 25,871
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,575 37,929 33,165
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 30,200 15,280 14,920
Without after-tax income 1,650 840 810
With after-tax income 28,555 14,445 14,110
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 3,065 1,705 1,360
$5,000 to $9,999 2,645 1,150 1,495
$10,000 to $14,999 2,920 1,395 1,530
$15,000 to $19,999 2,835 1,315 1,515
$20,000 to $29,999 4,430 2,040 2,390
$30,000 to $39,999 3,975 1,955 2,010
$40,000 to $49,999 3,220 1,785 1,440
$50,000 to $59,999 2,155 1,220 940
$60,000 to $79,999 2,295 1,295 995
$80,000 to $99,999 670 375 290
$100,000 and over 345 200 145
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,321 28,191 24,673
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,173 32,514 29,800
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.2 88.4 77.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.8 82.9 71.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 75.7 80.4 70.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.2 2.5 1.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 1.8 1.9 1.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 1.9 2.0 1.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.6 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.8 11.6 23.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 1.9 1.9 1.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.4 1.9 2.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.4 2.2 2.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 5.6 0.5 11.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.6 5.0 4.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 12.4 14.3 10.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 87.6 85.7 89.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.3 0.5 0.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 9,700 5,000 4,700
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,878 52,020 40,629
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,147 56,527 45,425
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 10,185 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,840 ... ...
Average family income ($) 87,499 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,153 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,167 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 2,610 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,052 ... ...
Average family income ($) 72,170 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,964 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,178 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 5,345 ... ...
Median family income ($) 93,972 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,317 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,794 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 92,788 ... ...
Average family size 4.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 1,735 ... ...
Median family income ($) 51,625 ... ...
Average family income ($) 59,774 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 48,741 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,509 ... ...
Average family size 3.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 3,045 1,695 1,345
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,181 34,917 29,301
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 41,031 41,737 40,140
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,047 30,345 27,648
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,293 34,441 34,105
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 42,390 21,710 20,685
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 22,620 11,410 11,210
In bottom decile 3,155 1,675 1,480
In second decile 4,290 2,070 2,225
In third decile 4,885 2,545 2,330
In fourth decile 5,220 2,575 2,650
In fifth decile 5,065 2,545 2,520
In top half of the Canadian distribution 19,775 10,295 9,475
In sixth decile 4,640 2,435 2,200
In seventh decile 4,865 2,510 2,350
In eighth decile 4,095 2,130 1,965
In ninth decile 3,805 1,970 1,840
In top decile 2,365 1,245 1,115
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 12,930 ... ...
Under $5,000 205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 265 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 330 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 840 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,065 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,020 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 2,220 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 1,685 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 845 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,170 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 12,930 ... ...
Under $5,000 205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 265 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 335 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 580 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 920 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,455 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,185 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,385 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 2,380 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 1,700 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,515 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,240 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,275 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 12,930 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,914 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,563 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,148 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,841 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 2,670 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,939 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 42,680 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,264 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 35,520 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 10,260 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,012 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 87,889 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,499 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 77,502 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 26,030 13,460 12,570
Less than 18 years 7,970 4,215 3,755
Less than 6 years 2,745 1,415 1,330
18 to 64 years 16,170 8,260 7,910
65 years and over 1,885 985 905
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 3,635 1,910 1,720
Less than 18 years 1,155 655 500
Less than 6 years 430 270 150
18 to 64 years 2,140 1,135 1,000
65 years and over 340 120 225
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.0 14.2 13.7
Less than 18 years (%) 14.5 15.5 13.3
Less than 6 years (%) 15.7 19.1 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 13.7 12.6
65 years and over (%) 18.0 12.2 24.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec (Code 2499) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nord-du-Québec, CDR
Quebec
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 42,579 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 39,817 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 6.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 14,515 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 12,925 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 747,161.22 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 42,580 21,720 20,855
0 to 4 years 4,385 2,250 2,135
5 to 9 years 4,000 2,090 1,920
10 to 14 years 3,740 1,935 1,810
15 to 19 years 3,755 1,915 1,840
15 years 730 350 375
16 years 780 400 380
17 years 770 420 350
18 years 750 375 375
19 years 730 370 365
20 to 24 years 3,195 1,610 1,585
25 to 29 years 3,040 1,495 1,540
30 to 34 years 3,005 1,475 1,535
35 to 39 years 2,945 1,470 1,475
40 to 44 years 2,700 1,410 1,285
45 to 49 years 2,775 1,405 1,370
50 to 54 years 2,615 1,380 1,230
55 to 59 years 2,065 1,085 980
60 to 64 years 1,610 840 765
65 to 69 years 1,100 575 525
70 to 74 years 735 365 375
75 to 79 years 520 245 275
80 to 84 years 245 125 120
85 years and over 150 50 100
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 28.6 28.6 28.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 71.5 71.1 71.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 30,450 15,450 14,995
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,900 8,470 8,435
Married (and not separated) 10,180 5,105 5,075
Living common law 6,725 3,360 3,365
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 13,545 6,985 6,560
Single (never legally married) 11,020 5,970 5,050
Separated 475 255 210
Divorced 975 470 505
Widowed 1,075 285 790
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 11,035 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 4,230 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 2,330 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 2,110 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,365 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 11,040 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 8,310 ... ...
Married couples 4,950 ... ...
Without children at home 1,735 ... ...
With children at home 3,210 ... ...
1 child 835 ... ...
2 children 905 ... ...
3 or more children 1,470 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,360 ... ...
Without children at home 1,125 ... ...
With children at home 2,235 ... ...
1 child 715 ... ...
2 children 835 ... ...
3 or more children 680 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 2,725 ... ...
Female parent 1,995 ... ...
1 child 945 ... ...
2 children 585 ... ...
3 or more children 465 ... ...
Male parent 730 ... ...
1 child 425 ... ...
2 children 190 ... ...
3 or more children 115 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 18,355 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,070 ... ...
6 to 14 years 6,720 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,060 ... ...
18 to 24 years 2,840 ... ...
25 years and over 1,665 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.7 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 42,365 21,625 20,740
Number of persons not in census families 4,665 2,645 2,020
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,465 795 670
Living with non-relatives only 450 265 190
Living alone 2,750 1,585 1,165
Number of census family persons 37,700 18,985 18,715
Average number of persons per census family 3.4 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 2,650 1,320 1,325
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 735 285 450
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 190 75 115
Living with non-relatives only 25 10 10
Living alone 520 200 320
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 1,920 1,040 885
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 12,925 ... ...
Census-family households 9,865 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 8,075 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 6,785 ... ...
Without children 2,480 ... ...
With children 4,310 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,290 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,790 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 750 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 460 ... ...
Without children 110 ... ...
With children 350 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 285 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,045 ... ...
Non-census-family households 3,060 ... ...
One-person households 2,750 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 315 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 12,925 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,520 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,190 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 4,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,155 ... ...
Row house 245 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 335 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,445 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 12,925 ... ...
1 person 2,750 ... ...
2 persons 3,295 ... ...
3 persons 1,810 ... ...
4 persons 1,935 ... ...
5 persons 1,250 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,880 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 42,365 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 42,450 21,675 20,780
  Single responses  42,090 21,480 20,615
    English  1,825 930 895
    French  14,730 7,685 7,045
    Non-official languages  25,535 12,865 12,670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25,200 12,690 12,510
        Atikamekw    5 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  14,565 7,330 7,235
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 5 5
        Inuktitut  10,620 5,350 5,270
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 250 140 110
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 10 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  40 30 10
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  5 5 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 0 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Creoles  5 5 5
        Croatian  0 0 0
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 0 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  10 5 5
        Greek  5 0 0
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  0 0 0
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  5 5 0
        Japanese  0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  0 5 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  10 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  0 0 0
        Polish  10 5 5
        Portuguese  0 0 0
        Romanian  0 0 0
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  10 5 5
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 5 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  45 25 20
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5 5 5
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 5 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 0
        Ukrainian  0 0 0
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  5 0 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 80 35 50
  Multiple responses          360 190 170
    English and French  85 45 40
    English and non-official language  210 115 95
    French and non-official language  50 25 25
    English, French and non-official language 15 10 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 42,450 21,670 20,780
  English only 17,000 8,735 8,265
  French only 11,720 5,895 5,830
  English and French 9,885 5,115 4,770
  Neither English nor French 3,845 1,930 1,910
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 42,455 21,670 20,780
  English 18,275 9,370 8,900
  French 15,615 8,125 7,495
  English and French 4,740 2,260 2,475
  Neither English nor French 3,825 1,920 1,905
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 20,640 10,505 10,140
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 48.6 48.5 48.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 42,450 21,675 20,780
  Single responses 42,010 21,430 20,585
    English 2,970 1,535 1,430
    French 14,725 7,650 7,075
    Non-official languages 24,320 12,255 12,070
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 24,175 12,180 11,995
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 13,900 6,975 6,925
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10,275 5,205 5,070
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 110 55 50
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 20 15 5
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 0 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 0 0 0
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 0 0 5
        Greek 0 0 0
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 0 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 0 0 0
        Japanese 5 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 0 0 0
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 5 0 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 5 0 5
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0
        Polish 0 0 0
        Portuguese 5 0 0
        Romanian 0 0 0
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 5 0 5
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 30 10 15
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 0 0 0
        Ukrainian 0 0 0
        Urdu 0 0 0
        Vietnamese 0 0 0
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 20 25
  Multiple responses         440 240 200
    English and French 70 45 20
    English and non-official language 295 155 135
    French and non-official language 45 30 20
    English, French and non-official language 35 15 20
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 42,455 21,670 20,780
  None 30,185 15,515 14,670
  Single responses  12,020 6,025 5,990
    English  10,055 5,050 5,010
    French  485 235 245
    Non-official languages  1,475 745 730
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,360 690 675
        Atikamekw    5 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  1,025 530 490
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  340 160 180
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 90 45 45
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 5 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  20 10 5
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  0 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Creoles  5 5 0
        Croatian  0 0 0
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  0 0 0
        Greek  0 0 0
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  0 0 0
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  0 0 0
        Japanese  0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  0 0 0
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  0 0 0
        Polish  0 0 0
        Portuguese  0 5 0
        Romanian  0 0 0
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  5 0 0
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  20 5 15
        Swahili  5 0 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  0 0 0
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  0 0 0
        Ukrainian  0 0 0
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  0 0 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 20 5 10
  Multiple responses          250 130 125
    English and French  185 95 85
    English and non-official language  25 15 10
    French and non-official language  40 20 20
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec (Code 2499) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec

  • Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Nord-du-Québec, Census division (Census Division), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Nord-du-Québec, CDR, Quebec (Census division)