NHS Profile, Fredericton, CA, New Brunswick, 2011

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NHS data, Fredericton, CA, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton, CA
New Brunswick
(Census agglomeration)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 93,085 45,160 47,920
Canadian citizens 90,135 43,730 46,405
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,150 9,250 8,895
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 71,985 34,475 37,510
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,945 1,430 1,520
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 93,085 45,165 47,920
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 85,935 41,575 44,360
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 6,310 3,175 3,130
Before 1971 1,495 680 810
1971 to 1980 890 485 400
1981 to 1990 720 385 340
1991 to 2000 775 375 400
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,435 1,250 1,185
2001 to 2005 715 420 295
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,715 830 885
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 845 410 430
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 6,305 3,175 3,130
Under 5 years 880 415 465
5 to 14 years 1,325 635 690
15 to 24 years 1,325 730 590
25 to 44 years 2,420 1,180 1,240
45 years and over 350 210 145
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 93,085 45,160 47,920
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 85,940 41,575 44,360
Born in province of residence 66,265 32,020 34,250
Born outside province of residence 19,670 9,555 10,115
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 6,305 3,175 3,130
Americas 1,390 730 660
United States 925 460 470
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 60 55 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 55 40 0
Trinidad and Tobago 65 30 40
Colombia 105 65 40
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 140 70 75
Europe 2,510 1,275 1,235
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,240 610 625
Italy 25 15 0
Germany 360 190 180
Poland 30 15 20
Portugal 30 10 15
Netherlands 230 120 110
France 35 15 20
Romania 65 30 35
Russian Federation 40 40 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 0 0
Croatia 40 20 20
Hungary 35 15 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 45 55
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 45 20 25
Other places of birth in Europe 210 130 85
Africa 405 220 185
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 30 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 55 30 30
Nigeria 30 0 10
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 40 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 225 125 100
Asia 1,925 915 1,010
India 210 110 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 420 205 215
Philippines 175 0 140
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Pakistan 85 40 45
Sri Lanka 15 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 145 80 60
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 480 250 225
Lebanon 125 65 60
Taiwan 25 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 55 20 30
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 20 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 145 65 80
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 75 35 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 75 40 40
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 845 415 430
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,720 830 890
Americas 210 95 115
United States 65 25 35
Mexico 10 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 35 25 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 40 0 30
Europe 270 150 120
France 0 0 0
Germany 40 0 30
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 15 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 20 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 105 70 35
Other places of birth in Europe 65 30 35
Africa 240 110 125
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 155 70 85
Asia 990 470 520
Philippines 130 0 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 170 75 90
India 30 20 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 115 65 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 385 215 175
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 55 25 35
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 50 25 30
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 93,085 45,160 47,925
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 7,485 3,765 3,720
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 7,965 3,960 4,005
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 77,635 37,435 40,200
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 93,085 45,165 47,920
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,490 2,330 2,160
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 945 525 425
Chinese 915 445 465
Black 815 425 380
Filipino 215 80 135
Latin American 385 235 150
Arab 260 150 115
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 55 25 30
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 140 80 60
Korean 555 275 280
Japanese 100 50 60
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 20 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 85 35 55
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 88,590 42,830 45,760
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 93,085 45,160 47,925
North American Aboriginal origins 5,120 2,260 2,860
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,475 2,035 2,440
Inuit 140 30 115
Métis 545 230 310
Other North American origins 37,075 17,925 19,150
Acadian 1,980 950 1,035
American 950 405 545
Canadian 35,130 17,035 18,095
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 65 30 35
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 69,570 33,635 35,930
British Isles origins 59,710 28,770 30,935
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 33,460 16,040 17,425
Irish 26,205 12,285 13,920
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 27,490 13,100 14,385
Welsh 2,655 1,295 1,360
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,300 1,025 1,270
French origins 17,035 7,915 9,125
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 17,035 7,915 9,125
Western European origins (except French origins) 9,435 4,535 4,895
Austrian 225 145 75
Belgian 155 70 85
Dutch 3,560 1,690 1,870
Flemish 40 20 20
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,855 2,775 3,075
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 195 80 115
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,955 880 1,075
Danish 825 360 465
Finnish 145 80 70
Icelandic 70 45 25
Norwegian 475 225 250
Swedish 425 160 265
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 65 35
Eastern European origins 2,450 1,240 1,210
Bulgarian 20 0 15
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 115 55 55
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Estonian 35 0 30
Hungarian 270 120 150
Latvian 30 15 0
Lithuanian 60 50 15
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 860 440 425
Romanian 145 85 60
Russian 425 210 210
Slovak 30 15 0
Ukrainian 685 365 320
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 2,435 1,130 1,305
Albanian 40 35 0
Bosnian 100 50 45
Croatian 70 30 35
Cypriot 20 0 0
Greek 105 60 45
Italian 1,270 575 700
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 40 20 15
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 350 175 175
Serbian 55 30 25
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 55 45 0
Spanish 375 140 235
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 80 20 55
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 405 190 210
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 300 120 175
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 30 25 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 75 45 35
Caribbean origins 330 180 145
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 60 25 35
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 40 20 20
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 35 0 30
Latin, Central and South American origins 495 245 250
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 25 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 20 0 0
Chilean 30 0 30
Colombian 130 80 50
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 20 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 25 0 20
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 150 85 70
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 20 0 20
Salvadorean 25 15 0
Uruguayan 25 0 0
Venezuelan 35 20 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 875 475 400
Central and West African origins 150 110 40
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 35 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 20 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 15 0 10
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 10 0 0
Yoruba 25 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 125 75 45
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 110 70 40
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 235 145 90
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 75 55 25
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 50 30 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 35 20 20
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 445 205 240
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 40 20 25
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 405 190 220
Asian origins 4,185 2,145 2,040
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,285 685 600
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 60 20 40
Armenian 45 25 20
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 230 120 105
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 30 0 30
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 725 390 335
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 25 25 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 175 120 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 980 545 435
Bangladeshi 25 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 815 470 350
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 45 0 30
Pakistani 100 50 50
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 60 30 25
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,945 920 1,020
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 950 465 480
Filipino 255 90 165
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 115 60 55
Korean 570 290 280
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 40 0 20
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 0 10
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 10 10 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 10 10 0
Oceania origins 195 75 120
Australian 150 45 100
New Zealander 30 20 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 93,085 45,160 47,925
Buddhist 275 120 160
Christian 68,760 31,755 37,010
Anglican 9,005 4,160 4,845
Baptist 11,795 5,420 6,380
Catholic 24,290 11,275 13,010
Christian Orthodox 270 145 120
Lutheran 215 80 135
Pentecostal 2,515 1,185 1,330
Presbyterian 1,405 760 645
United Church 10,325 4,630 5,690
Other Christian 8,945 4,095 4,850
Hindu 330 150 180
Jewish 145 70 65
Muslim 700 390 310
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 45 35 10
Other religions 465 190 285
No religious affiliation 22,350 12,455 9,895
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 93,085 45,160 47,920
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,455 1,500 1,950
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,880 1,295 1,585
Métis single identity 395 160 235
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 55 0 55
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 105 30 75
Non-Aboriginal identity 89,625 43,655 45,975
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 93,085 45,165 47,920
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,420 1,035 1,385
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 90,665 44,125 46,535
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 93,085 45,165 47,925
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,115 2,260 2,860
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,475 2,035 2,440
Métis ancestry 545 235 315
Inuit ancestry 140 30 110
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 87,965 42,905 45,060
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 6,645 3,170 3,470
Aboriginal languages 340 155 185
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 65 10 50
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 280 145 140
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,315 3,015 3,295
Italian 185 60 125
Portuguese 105 50 55
Romanian 100 55 50
Spanish 1,255 535 720
Dutch 270 125 145
Flemish 0 0 0
German 760 420 340
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 45 0 35
Norwegian 20 0 0
Swedish 65 20 45
Afrikaans 35 0 20
Gaelic languages 60 20 40
Bosnian 75 40 35
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 60 30 35
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 80 35 40
Russian 165 115 50
Serbian 45 30 15
Serbo-Croatian 45 0 40
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 25 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 30 0 30
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 15 0
Hungarian 60 35 25
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 335 190 155
Hebrew 35 20 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 135 70 60
Gujarati 30 0 0
Hindi 200 105 95
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 25 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0
Urdu 170 80 90
Nepali 45 20 20
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 195 105 90
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 25 0 0
Malayalam 20 0 0
Tamil 45 25 15
Telugu 55 45 15
Japanese 95 35 65
Korean 560 285 275
Cantonese 20 10 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 245 100 140
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 525 280 240
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 15 15 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 215 75 145
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 0 0
Swahili 105 55 50
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 240 65 170
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 92,155 44,715 47,440
Non-movers 78,175 37,950 40,225
Movers 13,980 6,770 7,215
Non-migrants 8,745 4,265 4,485
Migrants 5,235 2,505 2,730
Internal migrants 4,820 2,340 2,480
Intraprovincial migrants 3,320 1,670 1,650
Interprovincial migrants 1,505 670 830
External migrants 415 165 250
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 88,015 42,520 45,495
Non-movers 51,250 24,680 26,570
Movers 36,765 17,845 18,920
Non-migrants 18,980 9,230 9,755
Migrants 17,785 8,615 9,170
Internal migrants 15,570 7,555 8,020
Intraprovincial migrants 9,420 4,685 4,730
Interprovincial migrants 6,160 2,870 3,290
External migrants 2,210 1,060 1,150
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 77,585 37,330 40,250
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,975 6,110 5,860
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,510 10,130 10,385
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 45,095 21,095 24,005
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,265 4,140 2,120
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,285 5,500 8,785
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,540 890 1,645
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 22,015 10,560 11,455
Bachelor's degree 14,455 6,535 7,920
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,555 4,025 3,530
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 52,365 25,295 27,070
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,795 2,540 2,250
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,430 6,260 6,170
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,145 16,495 18,650
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,640 3,105 1,540
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,080 4,520 6,565
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,815 695 1,115
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,605 8,170 9,435
Bachelor's degree 11,580 5,160 6,420
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,025 3,010 3,015
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 77,585 37,335 40,250
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 32,490 16,240 16,250
Education 4,715 1,105 3,610
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,255 510 750
Humanities 3,185 1,280 1,905
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,315 1,590 2,730
Business, management and public administration 9,630 3,170 6,460
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,955 1,065 895
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,490 1,650 840
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,190 7,470 720
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,370 1,040 325
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,725 985 4,735
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,255 1,225 1,030
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 77,585 37,330 40,250
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 32,485 16,235 16,245
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 45,095 21,090 24,005
Location of study inside Canada 41,750 19,240 22,510
Same as province or territory of residence 32,680 14,835 17,840
Another province or territory 9,075 4,405 4,670
Location of study outside Canada 3,345 1,850 1,495
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,260 29,845 28,415
Single responses 57,370 29,535 27,835
English 56,155 29,195 26,960
French 1,120 300 815
Non-official languages 95 35 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 25 15 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 35 10 25
Multiple responses 890 315 575
English and French 850 295 555
English and non-official language 40 20 15
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,260 29,845 28,415
English 56,155 29,195 26,960
French 1,125 305 820
Non-official language 90 35 60
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 95 35 55
English and French 850 290 560
English and non-official language 40 20 15
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 77,585 37,335 40,255
In the labour force 53,575 27,460 26,115
Employed 49,575 25,390 24,190
Unemployed 4,000 2,070 1,930
Not in the labour force 24,005 9,870 14,135
Participation rate 69.1 73.6 64.9
Employment rate 63.9 68.0 60.1
Unemployment rate 7.5 7.5 7.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 53,575 27,460 26,120
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 785 320 465
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,795 27,145 25,650
Employee 48,645 24,520 24,125
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,145 2,620 1,525
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 53,580 27,460 26,115
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 785 320 465
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,795 27,140 25,655
0 Management occupations 5,880 3,610 2,275
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,590 2,405 6,180
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,885 3,785 1,100
3 Health occupations 3,140 650 2,495
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,405 3,580 4,830
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,655 805 855
6 Sales and service occupations 12,610 5,395 7,220
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,790 5,485 305
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 860 700 155
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 965 725 245
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 53,580 27,460 26,120
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 785 320 465
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,795 27,140 25,650
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 655 405 245
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 75 55 0
22 Utilities 1,100 690 415
23 Construction 3,330 3,020 315
31-33 Manufacturing 1,670 1,385 280
41 Wholesale trade 1,060 830 230
44-45 Retail trade 6,290 3,005 3,290
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,785 1,215 570
51 Information and cultural industries 1,280 695 585
52 Finance and insurance 1,635 645 995
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 770 405 365
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,095 2,465 1,630
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 15 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,420 1,370 1,050
61 Educational services 5,375 2,265 3,110
62 Health care and social assistance 5,340 950 4,390
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 865 410 460
72 Accommodation and food services 3,430 1,360 2,075
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,385 1,030 1,355
91 Public administration 9,185 4,930 4,255
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 53,580 27,460 26,120
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,045 890 1,160
Worked in 2010 51,530 26,570 24,960
1 to 13 weeks 2,425 1,160 1,270
14 to 26 weeks 4,225 2,135 2,095
27 to 39 weeks 3,075 1,455 1,620
40 to 48 weeks 6,210 3,175 3,035
49 to 52 weeks 35,590 18,650 16,945
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 45.4 44.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 53,580 27,460 26,120
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,045 885 1,160
Worked in 2010 51,530 26,575 24,960
Worked full-time in 2010 41,995 23,355 18,640
Worked part-time in 2010 9,535 3,215 6,320
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 49,575 25,385 24,190
Worked at home 2,700 1,255 1,440
Worked outside Canada 155 115 40
No fixed workplace address 5,010 3,735 1,270
Worked at usual place 41,725 20,280 21,440
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 46,730 24,020 22,710
Car, truck or van - as a driver 36,805 19,675 17,130
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,265 1,635 2,630
Public transit 1,335 605 730
Walked 3,110 1,550 1,570
Bicycle 640 360 285
Other methods 575 205 370
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 46,725 24,020 22,710
Median commuting duration 15.5 15.6 15.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 46,730 24,020 22,710
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,710 5,210 2,500
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 31,015 15,100 15,920
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,000 3,705 4,295
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 39,035 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 35,710 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,330 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 39,035 ... ...
1960 or before 7,800 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,365 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,765 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,880 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,540 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,695 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 39,040 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,205 ... ...
5 rooms 6,300 ... ...
6 rooms 5,600 ... ...
7 rooms 5,255 ... ...
8 or more rooms 13,690 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 39,035 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,695 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,355 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,300 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,680 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 39,040 ... ...
Owner 27,935 ... ...
Renter 10,685 ... ...
Band housing 410 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 39,035 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,405 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 37,635 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 39,040 ... ...
1 household maintainer 22,265 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,060 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 710 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 39,040 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,450 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,285 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,075 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,985 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,290 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,430 ... ...
75 years and over 3,530 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 39,040 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 38,750 ... ...
More than one person per room 290 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 39,040 ... ...
Suitable 37,630 ... ...
Not suitable 1,405 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 38,485 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 30,765 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 7,725 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 6,290 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,825 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 11.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 843 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 938 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 189,223 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 199,796 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 10,680 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 761 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 754 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 77,585 37,330 40,250
Without income 2,990 1,260 1,735
With income 74,590 36,070 38,520
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,010 3,345 3,660
$5,000 to $9,999 5,920 2,150 3,770
$10,000 to $14,999 6,180 2,230 3,945
$15,000 to $19,999 6,865 2,695 4,175
$20,000 to $29,999 10,690 4,340 6,350
$30,000 to $39,999 9,645 4,445 5,200
$40,000 to $49,999 7,865 4,095 3,765
$50,000 to $59,999 5,945 3,385 2,560
$60,000 to $79,999 7,740 4,575 3,170
$80,000 to $99,999 3,230 2,175 1,055
$100,000 and over 3,500 2,640 860
$100,000 to $124,999 1,840 1,280 565
$125,000 and over 1,660 1,365 295
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,488 37,229 24,988
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,509 45,563 31,903
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 77,585 37,330 40,255
Without after-tax income 3,005 1,260 1,745
With after-tax income 74,580 36,070 38,510
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,220 3,380 3,840
$5,000 to $9,999 6,110 2,180 3,930
$10,000 to $14,999 6,320 2,315 4,005
$15,000 to $19,999 7,730 3,035 4,695
$20,000 to $29,999 13,030 5,610 7,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,485 5,520 5,970
$40,000 to $49,999 8,450 4,740 3,705
$50,000 to $59,999 5,525 3,250 2,275
$60,000 to $79,999 5,435 3,520 1,910
$80,000 to $99,999 1,805 1,305 500
$100,000 and over 1,480 1,230 250
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,469 32,490 22,913
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,377 37,636 27,451
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.8 92.1 84.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.5 76.7 71.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.1 72.3 69.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.4 4.4 2.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.0 2.9 3.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.3 10.5 7.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.1 2.0 2.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.2 7.9 15.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.8 3.2 4.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.9 2.1 3.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.9 1.7 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.3 0.9 1.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.9 17.4 14.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.1 82.6 86.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 2.4 0.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 31,325 17,230 14,100
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,704 50,026 41,072
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 52,139 57,669 45,385
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,265 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,464 ... ...
Average family income ($) 87,097 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,597 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,932 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,665 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,760 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,908 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,641 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,779 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,355 ... ...
Median family income ($) 98,107 ... ...
Average family income ($) 107,266 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,604 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 88,802 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,445 ... ...
Median family income ($) 37,924 ... ...
Average family income ($) 45,076 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,559 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 40,363 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 15,170 6,770 8,395
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,679 28,084 25,147
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,807 34,384 31,535
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,661 25,466 23,498
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,094 28,922 27,426
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 93,085 45,160 47,925
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 47,430 22,105 25,325
In bottom decile 10,375 4,775 5,600
In second decile 9,005 4,025 4,980
In third decile 9,440 4,580 4,860
In fourth decile 9,360 4,545 4,810
In fifth decile 9,255 4,180 5,075
In top half of the Canadian distribution 45,650 23,060 22,595
In sixth decile 9,105 4,615 4,490
In seventh decile 9,160 4,605 4,565
In eighth decile 10,450 5,140 5,310
In ninth decile 9,640 4,875 4,765
In top decile 7,295 3,825 3,475
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 39,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,000 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,010 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 850 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,950 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,720 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,930 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,535 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,330 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,665 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,375 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,980 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,550 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,150 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 39,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,020 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,015 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,130 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,210 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,760 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,265 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,855 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,380 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,200 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,410 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,790 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 39,035 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 60,627 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,581 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,163 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 61,856 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,920 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,284 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,660 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,646 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,863 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,120 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 74,330 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,820 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,668 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 72,075 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 91,735 44,490 47,245
Less than 18 years 18,290 9,270 9,025
Less than 6 years 6,020 3,065 2,960
18 to 64 years 61,360 29,860 31,500
65 years and over 12,085 5,360 6,725
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 13,240 5,980 7,260
Less than 18 years 3,290 1,675 1,615
Less than 6 years 1,015 480 530
18 to 64 years 8,705 3,915 4,795
65 years and over 1,245 390 850
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.4 13.4 15.4
Less than 18 years (%) 18.0 18.1 17.9
Less than 6 years (%) 16.9 15.7 17.9
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 13.1 15.2
65 years and over (%) 10.3 7.3 12.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, CA, New Brunswick (Code 320) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 13, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Fredericton, CA, New Brunswick

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Census data

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Census data, Fredericton, CA, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton, CA
New Brunswick
(Census agglomeration)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 94,268 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 86,226A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 9.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,581 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,014 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 19.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 4,886.40 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 94,265 45,700 48,565
0 to 4 years 5,130 2,570 2,555
5 to 9 years 5,085 2,525 2,555
10 to 14 years 5,295 2,745 2,550
15 to 19 years 5,845 2,940 2,905
15 years 1,065 540 530
16 years 1,115 565 550
17 years 1,150 565 580
18 years 1,190 610 580
19 years 1,315 650 665
20 to 24 years 7,355 3,650 3,705
25 to 29 years 6,640 3,265 3,375
30 to 34 years 6,355 3,070 3,280
35 to 39 years 6,420 3,130 3,290
40 to 44 years 6,515 3,170 3,345
45 to 49 years 7,400 3,590 3,810
50 to 54 years 7,030 3,405 3,620
55 to 59 years 6,400 3,015 3,385
60 to 64 years 5,900 2,910 2,990
65 to 69 years 4,180 2,020 2,160
70 to 74 years 3,145 1,495 1,650
75 to 79 years 2,275 990 1,290
80 to 84 years 1,630 675 950
85 years and over 1,680 540 1,140
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.3 38.4 40.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.6 82.8 84.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 78,770 37,860 40,905
Married or living with a common-law partner 47,300 23,620 23,675
Married (and not separated) 39,550 19,740 19,805
Living common law 7,750 3,875 3,870
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 31,465 14,240 17,230
Single (never legally married) 21,065 10,990 10,075
Separated 2,220 905 1,320
Divorced 4,200 1,575 2,625
Widowed 3,990 775 3,210
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,365 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,640 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,070 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,900 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,755 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,365 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 23,325 ... ...
Married couples 19,460 ... ...
Without children at home 9,660 ... ...
With children at home 9,795 ... ...
1 child 4,115 ... ...
2 children 4,175 ... ...
3 or more children 1,500 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,870 ... ...
Without children at home 2,435 ... ...
With children at home 1,440 ... ...
1 child 790 ... ...
2 children 470 ... ...
3 or more children 185 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,035 ... ...
Female parent 3,205 ... ...
1 child 1,975 ... ...
2 children 940 ... ...
3 or more children 290 ... ...
Male parent 835 ... ...
1 child 570 ... ...
2 children 230 ... ...
3 or more children 35 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 25,665 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,150 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,275 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,250 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,725 ... ...
25 years and over 2,270 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 93,085 45,225 47,860
Number of persons not in census families 16,720 7,670 9,050
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,580 635 945
Living with non-relatives only 5,305 2,890 2,415
Living alone 9,845 4,145 5,695
Number of census family persons 76,360 37,555 38,805
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,120 5,460 6,660
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,675 955 2,720
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 460 95 360
Living with non-relatives only 245 105 140
Living alone 2,975 760 2,220
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,440 4,505 3,935
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 39,015 ... ...
Census-family households 26,910 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,130 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,890 ... ...
Without children 11,295 ... ...
With children 10,595 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,240 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,780 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,340 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 855 ... ...
Without children 450 ... ...
With children 400 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 485 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 440 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,100 ... ...
One-person households 9,840 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,260 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 39,015 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,375 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 350 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 3,150 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 12,135 ... ...
Semi-detached house 815 ... ...
Row house 835 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,650 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,725 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 39,015 ... ...
1 person 9,840 ... ...
2 persons 15,030 ... ...
3 persons 6,575 ... ...
4 persons 5,260 ... ...
5 persons 1,685 ... ...
6 or more persons 625 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 93,085 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,515 45,405 48,110
  Single responses  92,415 44,890 47,525
    English  81,065 39,420 41,645
    French  6,580 3,035 3,540
    Non-official languages  4,765 2,435 2,330
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 10 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  25 10 20
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,520 2,325 2,200
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Afrikaans  10 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  20 10 10
        Arabic  450 265 185
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Bengali  95 55 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  35 15 15
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  75 40 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  470 255 220
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  40 20 25
        Czech  15 5 5
        Danish  20 10 10
        Dutch  215 115 100
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  365 160 200
        Greek  30 15 15
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  5 5 5
        Hebrew  10 5 0
        Hindi  95 45 50
        Hungarian  40 20 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  60 30 30
        Japanese  45 10 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  560 290 265
        Kurdish  0 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  25 15 10
        Malayalam  5 0 5
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  180 95 90
        Marathi  15 10 5
        Nepali  45 25 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  10 5 0
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 15
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  220 125 95
        Polish  80 35 45
        Portuguese  65 25 35
        Romanian  85 40 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 5 10
        Russian  150 85 70
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  75 45 30
        Serbo-Croatian  30 10 15
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  270 150 125
        Swahili  35 20 10
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  80 25 55
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  35 20 10
        Telugu  20 10 5
        Thai  30 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  25 10 10
        Ukrainian  30 5 15
        Urdu  60 35 30
        Vietnamese  40 20 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 215 105 115
  Multiple responses          1,100 510 590
    English and French  685 305 370
    English and non-official language  380 180 200
    French and non-official language  20 10 5
    English, French and non-official language 25 10 10
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,515 45,400 48,115
  English only 72,895 36,235 36,665
  French only 330 165 165
  English and French 20,020 8,875 11,145
  Neither English nor French 270 130 140
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,520 45,400 48,110
  English 86,325 42,080 44,245
  French 6,560 3,025 3,530
  English and French 385 180 200
  Neither English nor French 245 115 130
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 6,755 3,120 3,635
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 7.2 6.9 7.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,515 45,405 48,115
  Single responses 92,350 44,830 47,520
    English 86,025 41,785 44,240
    French 3,805 1,740 2,060
    Non-official languages 2,525 1,300 1,220
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,455 1,270 1,185
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Afrikaans 5 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 5 0
        Amharic 10 5 5
        Arabic 220 120 100
        Armenian 0 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 65 35 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 15 5 10
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 55 30 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 365 200 160
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 15 10 5
        Czech 0 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 25 15 15
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 5 0 5
        Fukien 10 0 5
        German 75 30 45
        Greek 5 0 0
        Gujarati 10 0 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 45 15 25
        Hungarian 5 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 10 5 5
        Japanese 20 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 480 240 235
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 20 10 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 145 75 70
        Marathi 5 0 0
        Nepali 40 20 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 170 100 70
        Polish 30 10 20
        Portuguese 25 10 15
        Romanian 45 25 25
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10
        Russian 100 55 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 70 40 30
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 130 70 65
        Swahili 15 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 20 15
        Taiwanese 5 0 0
        Tamil 15 10 5
        Telugu 10 5 5
        Thai 10 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 0 10
        Ukrainian 5 0 5
        Urdu 40 20 20
        Vietnamese 30 20 10
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 30 35
  Multiple responses         1,170 570 595
    English and French 530 230 295
    English and non-official language 600 320 280
    French and non-official language 5 5 0
    English, French and non-official language 35 15 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,515 45,400 48,115
  None 85,300 41,615 43,690
  Single responses  8,055 3,715 4,340
    English  2,865 1,320 1,545
    French  3,395 1,510 1,885
    Non-official languages  1,795 885 905
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 15 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  35 15 25
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,525 760 760
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  0 5 0
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  195 105 85
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 15 5
        Bengali  20 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  10 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  95 50 45
        Creoles  10 5 5
        Croatian  10 0 10
        Czech  5 0 0
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  90 45 45
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  165 80 85
        Greek  15 5 10
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  20 15 10
        Hindi  45 25 25
        Hungarian  25 10 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Italian  20 10 10
        Japanese  25 5 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  50 30 20
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  40 20 20
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  25 15 10
        Polish  25 15 15
        Portuguese  20 10 5
        Romanian  25 15 15
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  35 25 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  180 85 95
        Swahili  45 20 25
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  35 10 30
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  0 5 0
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 5
        Ukrainian  10 5 10
        Urdu  30 15 15
        Vietnamese  5 5 0
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 230 115 120
  Multiple responses          160 75 80
    English and French  20 10 15
    English and non-official language  35 20 15
    French and non-official language  90 40 50
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, CA, New Brunswick (Code 320) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 13, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Fredericton, CA, New Brunswick

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Download current census table

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Fredericton (Census agglomeration), New Brunswick

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the