NHS Profile, Saguenay, CMA, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Saguenay, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saguenay, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 154,240 76,740 77,500
Canadian citizens 153,475 76,295 77,180
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,950 14,205 13,750
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 125,525 62,095 63,435
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 765 440 320
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 154,235 76,740 77,500
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 152,325 75,750 76,575
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 1,705 850 855
Before 1971 100 60 40
1971 to 1980 130 85 50
1981 to 1990 205 110 100
1991 to 2000 335 135 200
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 935 465 475
2001 to 2005 400 200 200
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 530 260 270
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 210 140 70
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 1,705 850 855
Under 5 years 445 155 290
5 to 14 years 255 135 125
15 to 24 years 235 145 90
25 to 44 years 645 355 285
45 years and over 125 60 60
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 154,240 76,740 77,500
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 152,325 75,750 76,575
Born in province of residence 150,490 74,710 75,775
Born outside province of residence 1,840 1,040 800
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 1,705 845 855
Americas 350 180 175
United States 55 25 30
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 110 50 60
Mexico 10 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 75 55 30
El Salvador 25 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 60 25 30
Europe 655 360 290
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25 10 10
Italy 0 0 0
Germany 80 40 40
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 15 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 375 220 155
Romania 25 15 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 80 45 35
Africa 325 190 135
Morocco 45 30 15
Algeria 65 50 20
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 200 100 95
Asia 365 110 250
India 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 190 0 175
Philippines 20 0 20
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 15 15 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 20 0 0
Lebanon 20 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 45 25 15
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 210 140 65
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 530 260 270
Americas 70 30 35
United States 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 20 0 15
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 0 0
Europe 190 100 90
France 165 95 65
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 20
Africa 165 70 90
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 35 30 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 65 20 45
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 40 15 25
Asia 105 45 55
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 45 0 30
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 154,235 76,740 77,500
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 2,015 1,035 980
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 1,775 910 865
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 150,450 74,795 75,650
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 154,240 76,740 77,495
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 1,290 615 675
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 35 25 0
Chinese 250 40 210
Black 385 200 185
Filipino 45 0 40
Latin American 195 125 70
Arab 235 140 90
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 40 30 15
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 0 0 0
Korean 25 15 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 30 0 0
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 152,950 76,125 76,825
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 154,240 76,740 77,500
North American Aboriginal origins 6,570 3,385 3,190
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,840 2,395 2,445
Inuit 50 25 30
Métis 1,820 1,030 785
Other North American origins 125,485 62,160 63,325
Acadian 865 415 450
American 520 235 285
Canadian 122,245 60,495 61,745
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 2,860 1,450 1,410
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 55,625 27,970 27,655
British Isles origins 8,455 4,255 4,200
Channel Islander 35 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,815 980 835
Irish 4,770 2,205 2,565
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,790 1,485 1,305
Welsh 15 0 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 40 0 35
French origins 48,130 24,145 23,980
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 200 115 90
French 48,000 24,080 23,925
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,690 855 840
Austrian 15 0 15
Belgian 370 190 180
Dutch 260 135 120
Flemish 20 0 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 940 470 470
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 140 85 60
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 15 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 625 350 270
Danish 105 60 45
Finnish 30 15 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 470 260 210
Swedish 0 0 0
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 25 0 0
Eastern European origins 520 335 180
Bulgarian 15 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 50 30 15
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 195 105 90
Romanian 55 35 25
Russian 110 75 40
Slovak 0 0 0
Ukrainian 85 70 15
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 1,380 655 730
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 25 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 40 0 30
Italian 700 315 380
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 355 170 180
Serbian 15 0 0
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 240 125 120
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 30 15 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 210 100 105
Basque 45 15 30
Jewish 45 15 30
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 120 75 50
Caribbean origins 180 100 80
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 15 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 145 85 60
Jamaican 0 0 0
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 220 140 75
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 10 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 20 10 0
Colombian 75 55 15
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 30 20 10
Nicaraguan 10 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 15 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 505 280 225
Central and West African origins 130 70 60
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 15 10 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 40 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 25 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 260 150 105
Algerian 80 50 30
Berber 60 40 20
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 30 20 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 40 30 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 90 30 60
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 75 35 35
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 20 10 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 15 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 55 30 30
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 20 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 35 20 0
Asian origins 740 330 410
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 290 180 110
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 55 40 10
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 20 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 125 70 50
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 40 20 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 40 25 15
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 45 40 0
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 45 40 0
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 405 110 295
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 260 40 225
Filipino 40 0 35
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 20 0 0
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 25 25 0
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 30 20 15
Australian 20 0 15
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 154,240 76,740 77,500
Buddhist 55 40 15
Christian 144,570 71,010 73,560
Anglican 95 65 30
Baptist 375 195 180
Catholic 141,415 69,430 71,975
Christian Orthodox 35 15 20
Lutheran 25 0 15
Pentecostal 115 45 70
Presbyterian 35 30 0
United Church 40 20 20
Other Christian 2,440 1,200 1,245
Hindu 0 0 0
Jewish 0 0 0
Muslim 335 160 175
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 160 85 80
No religious affiliation 9,080 5,425 3,655
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 154,240 76,740 77,495
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,060 2,160 1,895
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,280 600 680
Métis single identity 2,570 1,470 1,105
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 25 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 55 30 25
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 125 55 70
Non-Aboriginal identity 150,180 74,575 75,605
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 154,240 76,740 77,495
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,030 460 570
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 153,205 76,275 76,930
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 154,235 76,740 77,500
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 6,570 3,385 3,185
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,840 2,395 2,440
Métis ancestry 1,820 1,035 790
Inuit ancestry 55 25 30
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 147,665 73,360 74,315
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 3,135 1,545 1,590
Aboriginal languages 115 45 70
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 35 15 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 70 30 45
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,030 1,500 1,530
Italian 140 75 65
Portuguese 50 30 20
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 2,065 970 1,090
Dutch 20 0 0
Flemish 0 0 0
German 180 105 80
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 25 20 0
Serbian 15 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Turkish 40 20 15
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 40 25 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 215 130 85
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 20 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 30 15 0
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 0 20
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 25 0 25
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 30 20 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 120 65 55
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 152,690 75,975 76,710
Non-movers 137,395 68,015 69,380
Movers 15,290 7,965 7,330
Non-migrants 11,645 6,005 5,645
Migrants 3,650 1,960 1,685
Internal migrants 3,510 1,905 1,600
Intraprovincial migrants 3,165 1,675 1,495
Interprovincial migrants 345 235 105
External migrants 140 55 90
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 146,470 72,685 73,785
Non-movers 98,215 48,555 49,655
Movers 48,255 24,130 24,125
Non-migrants 35,585 17,680 17,910
Migrants 12,670 6,450 6,220
Internal migrants 12,130 6,140 5,985
Intraprovincial migrants 11,465 5,780 5,685
Interprovincial migrants 660 360 305
External migrants 540 310 230
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 131,760 65,270 66,490
No certificate, diploma or degree 26,370 11,620 14,750
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 25,020 11,435 13,590
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 80,370 42,220 38,150
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 30,885 18,965 11,920
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 25,655 12,045 13,610
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,605 2,285 3,325
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 18,220 8,925 9,295
Bachelor's degree 12,770 5,965 6,810
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,450 2,955 2,490
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 87,700 44,170 43,530
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,535 5,050 5,480
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 14,155 6,565 7,585
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 63,015 32,550 30,460
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 24,675 14,645 10,030
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 19,495 9,080 10,415
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,700 1,605 2,095
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15,155 7,225 7,930
Bachelor's degree 10,650 4,905 5,745
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,500 2,320 2,180
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 131,760 65,270 66,485
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 51,395 23,055 28,335
Education 6,970 1,920 5,050
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,510 685 825
Humanities 3,180 1,425 1,755
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,440 1,225 3,220
Business, management and public administration 18,365 5,645 12,715
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,135 1,360 775
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,835 1,180 655
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 23,065 21,620 1,445
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,075 1,605 465
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 9,800 1,960 7,840
Personal, protective and transportation services 6,975 3,580 3,395
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 131,755 65,275 66,485
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 51,395 23,055 28,340
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 80,370 42,215 38,150
Location of study inside Canada 79,700 41,805 37,895
Same as province or territory of residence 78,665 41,095 37,570
Another province or territory 1,035 705 330
Location of study outside Canada 670 415 255
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 85,190 46,535 38,650
Single responses 84,410 46,050 38,360
English 715 435 275
French 83,670 45,600 38,070
Non-official languages 25 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 20 0 0
Multiple responses 775 485 290
English and French 760 470 285
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 85,185 46,535 38,655
English 715 435 275
French 83,670 45,600 38,075
Non-official language 25 0 0
Aboriginal 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 0 0 0
English and French 760 475 285
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 131,760 65,270 66,485
In the labour force 80,545 44,090 36,455
Employed 74,890 40,620 34,270
Unemployed 5,655 3,465 2,190
Not in the labour force 51,215 21,185 30,030
Participation rate 61.1 67.6 54.8
Employment rate 56.8 62.2 51.5
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.9 6.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 80,545 44,090 36,460
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,715 875 845
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 78,830 43,215 35,615
Employee 73,350 39,990 33,360
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,480 3,225 2,255
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 80,550 44,085 36,455
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,715 875 840
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 78,830 43,210 35,615
0 Management occupations 6,320 3,990 2,335
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 11,740 3,525 8,215
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,600 4,680 920
3 Health occupations 5,205 975 4,230
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,215 3,365 6,850
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,395 645 755
6 Sales and service occupations 19,955 8,610 11,340
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 13,700 13,275 425
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 925 870 55
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,765 3,265 495
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 80,545 44,090 36,455
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,715 875 845
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 78,830 43,215 35,615
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,140 945 195
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 740 675 70
22 Utilities 1,045 880 160
23 Construction 5,475 4,970 500
31-33 Manufacturing 9,035 7,615 1,420
41 Wholesale trade 2,430 1,800 635
44-45 Retail trade 11,085 4,885 6,200
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,675 2,320 360
51 Information and cultural industries 1,105 625 480
52 Finance and insurance 1,910 670 1,240
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 950 535 415
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,470 2,655 1,815
55 Management of companies and enterprises 45 20 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,845 1,885 960
61 Educational services 6,580 2,295 4,280
62 Health care and social assistance 10,325 2,030 8,295
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 970 485 485
72 Accommodation and food services 5,400 2,095 3,310
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,290 2,220 2,070
91 Public administration 6,305 3,600 2,710
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 80,545 44,090 36,460
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,925 1,820 2,110
Worked in 2010 76,615 42,270 34,345
1 to 13 weeks 3,060 1,545 1,520
14 to 26 weeks 5,960 3,195 2,760
27 to 39 weeks 5,115 2,855 2,250
40 to 48 weeks 12,745 7,355 5,390
49 to 52 weeks 49,745 27,320 22,420
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 45.3 45.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 80,545 44,090 36,460
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,925 1,815 2,110
Worked in 2010 76,620 42,270 34,345
Worked full-time in 2010 60,820 36,685 24,135
Worked part-time in 2010 15,795 5,580 10,210
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 74,895 40,625 34,265
Worked at home 2,445 1,165 1,280
Worked outside Canada 125 115 0
No fixed workplace address 6,090 4,580 1,505
Worked at usual place 66,235 34,765 31,470
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 72,320 39,340 32,975
Car, truck or van - as a driver 63,655 35,120 28,535
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,620 1,130 1,485
Public transit 1,655 685 970
Walked 3,130 1,525 1,600
Bicycle 320 285 35
Other methods 940 590 345
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 72,320 39,345 32,975
Median commuting duration 15.1 15.3 11.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 72,315 39,345 32,975
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 17,655 12,820 4,835
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 43,320 20,825 22,495
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,345 5,700 5,645
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 69,485 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 65,325 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,160 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 69,485 ... ...
1960 or before 19,980 ... ...
1961 to 1980 24,945 ... ...
1981 to 1990 11,950 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,870 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,235 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,500 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 69,485 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 20,120 ... ...
5 rooms 12,125 ... ...
6 rooms 8,960 ... ...
7 rooms 8,325 ... ...
8 or more rooms 19,960 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 69,480 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 8,255 ... ...
2 bedrooms 21,010 ... ...
3 bedrooms 23,810 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 16,415 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 69,485 ... ...
Owner 44,520 ... ...
Renter 24,965 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 69,485 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,155 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 65,325 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 69,485 ... ...
1 household maintainer 46,315 ... ...
2 household maintainers 22,840 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 330 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 69,485 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,650 ... ...
25 to 34 years 9,805 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,135 ... ...
45 to 54 years 15,735 ... ...
55 to 64 years 15,135 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,800 ... ...
75 years and over 7,220 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 69,485 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 69,205 ... ...
More than one person per room 280 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 69,485 ... ...
Suitable 68,025 ... ...
Not suitable 1,455 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 69,265 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 56,175 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 13,085 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 10,750 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 44,345 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 11.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 791 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 815 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 174,213 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 181,559 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,950 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 31.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 532 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 578 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 131,760 65,270 66,485
Without income 6,175 2,010 4,160
With income 125,585 63,260 62,325
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,235 4,325 5,910
$5,000 to $9,999 10,490 3,600 6,890
$10,000 to $14,999 13,315 4,380 8,935
$15,000 to $19,999 13,565 4,530 9,030
$20,000 to $29,999 18,170 7,985 10,185
$30,000 to $39,999 18,020 9,670 8,345
$40,000 to $49,999 12,880 7,845 5,030
$50,000 to $59,999 9,300 6,110 3,190
$60,000 to $79,999 10,070 6,710 3,360
$80,000 to $99,999 5,075 4,285 795
$100,000 and over 4,475 3,815 660
$100,000 to $124,999 2,465 2,110 355
$125,000 and over 2,015 1,710 305
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,135 36,846 20,284
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,498 44,068 26,799
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 131,760 65,270 66,485
Without after-tax income 6,220 2,015 4,205
With after-tax income 125,540 63,260 62,280
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,600 4,375 6,215
$5,000 to $9,999 10,950 3,635 7,315
$10,000 to $14,999 13,320 4,405 8,915
$15,000 to $19,999 14,855 5,220 9,630
$20,000 to $29,999 23,005 10,885 12,110
$30,000 to $39,999 20,575 11,985 8,590
$40,000 to $49,999 13,600 8,710 4,890
$50,000 to $59,999 7,835 5,030 2,805
$60,000 to $79,999 7,445 6,175 1,270
$80,000 to $99,999 1,880 1,595 285
$100,000 and over 1,490 1,240 255
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,605 32,298 19,373
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,711 35,973 23,351
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.8 88.4 76.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.1 73.7 64.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.3 69.8 60.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.8 3.9 3.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.3 2.5 1.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.0 11.0 8.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.2 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.2 11.6 23.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.4 3.8 5.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.4 2.8 7.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.8 2.5 3.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.0 0.2 5.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.6 2.3 3.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.3 18.4 12.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.7 81.6 87.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.7 0.8 0.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 41,430 24,365 17,065
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,638 49,938 35,486
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,384 57,788 39,811
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 46,585 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,284 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,628 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,267 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,592 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 21,270 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,027 ... ...
Average family income ($) 70,328 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,443 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,436 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,035 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,928 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,189 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,360 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,063 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 6,065 ... ...
Median family income ($) 42,556 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,372 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 39,734 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 43,303 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 25,080 12,400 12,680
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,959 31,734 19,099
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,714 38,466 25,109
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,413 28,189 18,851
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,898 31,608 22,290
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 154,240 76,740 77,500
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 87,720 41,755 45,965
In bottom decile 13,395 6,150 7,250
In second decile 16,830 6,905 9,930
In third decile 18,395 8,965 9,425
In fourth decile 19,970 9,965 10,010
In fifth decile 19,130 9,780 9,355
In top half of the Canadian distribution 66,515 34,980 31,540
In sixth decile 17,890 9,340 8,555
In seventh decile 16,385 8,585 7,800
In eighth decile 14,075 7,400 6,675
In ninth decile 10,870 5,745 5,125
In top decile 7,300 3,920 3,385
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 69,485 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,650 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,675 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,995 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,960 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,095 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,580 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,835 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,660 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 9,855 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,725 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,525 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,250 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,685 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 69,485 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,680 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,700 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,065 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,100 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,575 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 8,585 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 9,025 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,090 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 11,360 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,415 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,890 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,030 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,860 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 69,485 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 52,799 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 64,158 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 46,673 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 53,681 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 21,545 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 25,015 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 33,050 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,268 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 27,888 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 47,935 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,657 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,144 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 58,964 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,277 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 154,235 76,740 77,500
Less than 18 years 28,100 14,280 13,825
Less than 6 years 9,330 4,885 4,445
18 to 64 years 101,240 51,260 49,980
65 years and over 24,895 11,205 13,695
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 22,980 9,650 13,330
Less than 18 years 3,540 1,885 1,660
Less than 6 years 1,105 600 505
18 to 64 years 14,135 6,290 7,845
65 years and over 5,300 1,480 3,830
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.9 12.6 17.2
Less than 18 years (%) 12.6 13.2 12.0
Less than 6 years (%) 11.8 12.3 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 14.0 12.3 15.7
65 years and over (%) 21.3 13.2 28.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saguenay, CMA, Quebec (Code 408) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Saguenay, CMA, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Saguenay, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saguenay, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 157,790 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 156,305A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 73,766 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 69,507 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 61.5 ... ...
Land area (square km) 2,564.02 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 157,790 77,900 79,890
0 to 4 years 7,735 3,955 3,780
5 to 9 years 7,150 3,620 3,530
10 to 14 years 7,605 3,910 3,695
15 to 19 years 9,665 4,870 4,790
15 years 1,750 860 890
16 years 1,805 915 885
17 years 1,935 975 960
18 years 2,045 1,050 995
19 years 2,135 1,070 1,065
20 to 24 years 9,625 5,010 4,615
25 to 29 years 9,290 4,855 4,440
30 to 34 years 9,860 5,130 4,730
35 to 39 years 8,505 4,370 4,140
40 to 44 years 8,485 4,240 4,250
45 to 49 years 12,370 6,120 6,255
50 to 54 years 14,800 7,315 7,490
55 to 59 years 13,570 6,845 6,720
60 to 64 years 11,585 5,825 5,760
65 to 69 years 8,990 4,345 4,640
70 to 74 years 6,380 2,930 3,445
75 to 79 years 5,230 2,215 3,015
80 to 84 years 3,870 1,450 2,425
85 years and over 3,070 900 2,170
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 45.4 43.9 46.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.7 85.3 86.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 135,295 66,420 68,880
Married or living with a common-law partner 80,900 40,395 40,500
Married (and not separated) 48,730 24,330 24,405
Living common law 32,170 16,070 16,100
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 54,400 26,025 28,375
Single (never legally married) 34,945 19,495 15,450
Separated 1,750 825 920
Divorced 8,875 3,865 5,005
Widowed 8,835 1,840 6,995
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 46,295 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 26,170 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 9,640 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,720 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,770 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 46,295 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 39,970 ... ...
Married couples 23,915 ... ...
Without children at home 14,435 ... ...
With children at home 9,480 ... ...
1 child 4,210 ... ...
2 children 3,720 ... ...
3 or more children 1,550 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,055 ... ...
Without children at home 7,660 ... ...
With children at home 8,390 ... ...
1 child 3,635 ... ...
2 children 3,630 ... ...
3 or more children 1,125 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,325 ... ...
Female parent 4,695 ... ...
1 child 3,000 ... ...
2 children 1,325 ... ...
3 or more children 365 ... ...
Male parent 1,630 ... ...
1 child 1,070 ... ...
2 children 470 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 40,365 ... ...
Under six years of age 9,205 ... ...
6 to 14 years 13,130 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,335 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,925 ... ...
25 years and over 3,765 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 154,270 76,650 77,615
Number of persons not in census families 27,630 13,460 14,175
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,470 1,110 1,360
Living with non-relatives only 3,605 2,045 1,560
Living alone 21,560 10,305 11,255
Number of census family persons 126,635 63,190 63,445
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 24,880 11,150 13,725
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 8,770 2,565 6,210
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 880 250 635
Living with non-relatives only 445 200 245
Living alone 7,450 2,120 5,330
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 16,110 8,590 7,515
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 69,510 ... ...
Census-family households 45,950 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 44,180 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 38,450 ... ...
Without children 21,220 ... ...
With children 17,230 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,725 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,770 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,430 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,010 ... ...
Without children 520 ... ...
With children 485 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 420 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 345 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,560 ... ...
One-person households 21,560 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,000 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 69,510 ... ...
Single-detached house 35,055 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 455 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 32,990 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,720 ... ...
Row house 1,500 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 9,370 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 17,180 ... ...
Other single-attached house 225 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 69,505 ... ...
1 person 21,560 ... ...
2 persons 26,625 ... ...
3 persons 10,100 ... ...
4 persons 8,000 ... ...
5 persons 2,430 ... ...
6 or more persons 795 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 154,265 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 156,585 77,410 79,175
  Single responses  156,080 77,140 78,935
    English  1,225 650 580
    French  153,850 75,980 77,865
    Non-official languages  1,005 515 490
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 85 35 50
        Atikamekw    50 15 35
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  35 20 15
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 880 450 425
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  115 80 40
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  0 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  40 25 20
        Creoles  15 5 5
        Croatian  5 0 5
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  10 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  0 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  45 20 25
        Greek  10 5 5
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 5 0
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  15 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  40 25 15
        Japanese  0 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 0
        Korean  5 0 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 5 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  15 5 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  15 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  35 20 15
        Polish  20 5 15
        Portuguese  40 15 30
        Romanian  10 5 5
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  20 5 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 5 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  5 0 0
        Spanish  240 110 125
        Swahili  15 10 10
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5 5 5
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  25 15 10
        Ukrainian  5 5 0
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  20 10 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 30 15
  Multiple responses          505 265 240
    English and French  370 205 170
    English and non-official language  20 10 20
    French and non-official language  100 50 50
    English, French and non-official language 10 0 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 156,585 77,405 79,175
  English only 155 75 75
  French only 125,335 58,505 66,830
  English and French 31,050 18,800 12,245
  Neither English nor French 45 20 25
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 156,585 77,405 79,180
  English 1,250 645 605
  French 155,095 76,630 78,465
  English and French 195 115 80
  Neither English nor French 40 15 25
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,350 700 645
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 0.9 0.9 0.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 156,585 77,410 79,180
  Single responses 156,050 77,120 78,935
    English 775 410 370
    French 154,870 76,520 78,350
    Non-official languages 405 190 215
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 55 20 35
        Atikamekw   40 10 25
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 15 10 10
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 345 160 180
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 40 20 20
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 5 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 0 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 0 0 5
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 5 0 0
        Greek 5 0 0
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 5 0 5
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 15 5 10
        Japanese 0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 0 0 0
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 0 5 5
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 25 10 10
        Polish 0 0 0
        Portuguese 10 5 5
        Romanian 5 0 0
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 15 5 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 120 55 65
        Swahili 5 5 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 20 10 5
        Ukrainian 5 0 0
        Urdu 0 0 0
        Vietnamese 5 0 0
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 10 10 0
  Multiple responses         535 290 245
    English and French 315 180 135
    English and non-official language 10 5 5
    French and non-official language 185 95 90
    English, French and non-official language 30 15 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 156,585 77,410 79,180
  None 152,035 74,875 77,155
  Single responses  4,430 2,465 1,965
    English  3,385 1,955 1,430
    French  595 290 300
    Non-official languages  455 225 230
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 15 15
        Atikamekw    10 5 10
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  20 15 10
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 405 195 205
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  40 30 10
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  10 5 10
        Creoles  0 0 5
        Croatian  5 0 0
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  0 0 0
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  20 5 15
        Greek  0 0 5
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  0 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  25 10 10
        Japanese  5 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 5
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  10 5 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  5 5 0
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  10 0 0
        Polish  10 0 5
        Portuguese  20 10 15
        Romanian  0 0 0
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  0 0 0
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  195 90 105
        Swahili  5 0 0
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5 0 5
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  0 0 0
        Ukrainian  0 0 0
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  0 0 0
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 20 15 10
  Multiple responses          120 65 50
    English and French  30 15 15
    English and non-official language  80 45 35
    French and non-official language  10 5 5
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saguenay, CMA, Quebec (Code 408) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Saguenay, CMA, Quebec

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Download current census table

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Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Saguenay (Census metropolitan area), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Saguenay, CMA, Quebec (Census metropolitan area)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Saguenay (Census metropolitan area), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • NHS Data Tables, Saguenay (Census metropolitan area), Quebec