NHS Profile, Sherbrooke, CMA, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Sherbrooke, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sherbrooke, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 196,675 96,350 100,325
Canadian citizens 190,915 93,295 97,620
Canadian citizens aged under 18 37,775 19,230 18,545
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 153,140 74,065 79,075
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,765 3,050 2,705
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 196,680 96,350 100,325
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 183,525 89,550 93,975
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 12,115 6,240 5,875
Before 1971 1,035 460 575
1971 to 1980 995 520 475
1981 to 1990 1,040 530 510
1991 to 2000 2,390 1,220 1,170
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,655 3,505 3,155
2001 to 2005 2,610 1,390 1,215
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,045 2,110 1,935
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,035 560 475
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 12,115 6,240 5,875
Under 5 years 1,650 835 815
5 to 14 years 2,465 1,300 1,165
15 to 24 years 1,895 920 980
25 to 44 years 5,170 2,735 2,430
45 years and over 930 440 495
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 196,675 96,345 100,330
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 183,520 89,550 93,975
Born in province of residence 179,860 87,830 92,030
Born outside province of residence 3,665 1,715 1,945
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 12,115 6,240 5,875
Americas 3,905 2,030 1,875
United States 995 415 580
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 270 130 140
Mexico 280 160 120
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 1,170 685 485
El Salvador 155 85 70
Peru 120 55 65
Chile 90 30 60
Other places of birth in Americas 820 460 360
Europe 3,755 1,920 1,830
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 145 75 70
Italy 70 40 25
Germany 100 40 65
Poland 75 40 35
Portugal 45 0 35
Netherlands 25 20 0
France 1,540 795 740
Romania 155 90 65
Russian Federation 55 30 25
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 90 35 50
Hungary 25 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 725 405 325
Serbia 95 45 45
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 590 280 315
Africa 2,480 1,360 1,120
Morocco 505 320 180
Algeria 475 270 205
Egypt 75 35 40
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,410 725 680
Asia 1,955 905 1,050
India 35 20 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 280 75 210
Philippines 35 0 25
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 160 90 75
Pakistan 45 35 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 140 55 90
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 20
Lebanon 65 20 45
Taiwan 45 0 0
Iraq 150 75 75
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 340 185 155
Japan 15 0 15
Turkey 45 35 0
Other places of birth in Asia 530 255 270
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 20 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,035 560 475
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,045 2,110 1,935
Americas 1,415 805 615
United States 70 25 40
Mexico 85 70 15
Cuba 75 55 0
Haiti 70 25 50
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 90 45 40
Colombia 745 450 300
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 65 25 35
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 210 105 105
Europe 585 310 275
France 365 190 170
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 40 20 20
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 35 15 15
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 110 60 50
Africa 1,070 520 555
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 215 130 90
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 175 90 85
Tunisia 35 20 15
Cameroon 40 25 15
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 195 60 135
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 415 195 220
Asia 965 480 495
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 45 20 30
India 30 0 0
Pakistan 40 25 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 20 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 130 55 75
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 55 15 40
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 250 135 115
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 150 80 75
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 210 95 115
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 196,675 96,350 100,330
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 13,460 6,970 6,495
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 8,605 4,325 4,275
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 174,615 85,055 89,560
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 196,680 96,350 100,325
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 8,690 4,565 4,125
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 465 250 215
Chinese 445 165 280
Black 2,630 1,380 1,250
Filipino 40 15 25
Latin American 2,205 1,190 1,010
Arab 1,415 780 640
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 640 340 305
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 485 260 225
Korean 85 55 35
Japanese 55 30 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 55 20 40
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 170 85 85
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 187,985 91,780 96,205
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 196,680 96,350 100,330
North American Aboriginal origins 7,485 3,600 3,890
First Nations (North American Indian) 6,875 3,325 3,550
Inuit 45 25 20
Métis 610 275 335
Other North American origins 141,775 69,400 72,370
Acadian 590 260 325
American 1,265 635 630
Canadian 136,230 66,455 69,780
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 5,325 2,880 2,445
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 83,575 40,645 42,935
British Isles origins 19,325 9,180 10,145
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 6,305 2,920 3,385
Irish 11,695 5,620 6,070
Manx 15 0 0
Scottish 4,770 2,160 2,615
Welsh 240 105 135
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 460 200 265
French origins 64,255 31,080 33,175
Alsatian 35 25 0
Breton 265 100 160
French 64,085 31,020 33,065
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,395 2,700 2,700
Austrian 155 100 60
Belgian 1,510 775 730
Dutch 520 240 275
Flemish 25 15 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,855 1,375 1,480
Luxembourger 20 0 0
Swiss 505 260 250
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 95 0 55
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 435 195 240
Danish 95 65 30
Finnish 35 20 20
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 170 80 95
Swedish 110 25 80
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 1,585 780 800
Bulgarian 50 20 30
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 45 15 25
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 15 20 0
Hungarian 145 70 75
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 25 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 685 340 345
Romanian 265 130 135
Russian 210 110 100
Slovak 45 15 30
Ukrainian 285 135 155
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 5,895 2,925 2,965
Albanian 20 0 0
Bosnian 275 130 145
Croatian 255 120 140
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 130 55 75
Italian 2,990 1,450 1,535
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 25 15 0
Portuguese 495 255 235
Serbian 520 260 260
Sicilian 35 0 20
Slovenian 50 25 0
Spanish 1,330 645 680
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 440 235 210
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 530 285 245
Basque 30 20 0
Jewish 160 70 90
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 340 190 145
Caribbean origins 740 400 345
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 125 80 45
Dominican 70 60 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 430 210 215
Jamaican 40 0 30
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 40 25 20
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,715 1,515 1,200
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 130 55 70
Argentinian 50 25 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 105 65 40
Chilean 125 70 55
Colombian 1,380 815 565
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 35 0 20
Guatemalan 45 25 20
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 50 25 30
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 400 220 180
Nicaraguan 60 30 35
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 10 0 10
Peruvian 120 55 65
Salvadorean 170 90 80
Uruguayan 25 20 0
Venezuelan 65 35 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 60 20 40
African origins 3,640 1,965 1,675
Central and West African origins 1,360 700 670
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 40 15 25
Burkinabe 115 65 55
Cameroonian 145 95 50
Chadian 65 30 35
Congolese 525 220 305
Gabonese 80 55 30
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 150 95 55
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 40 10 25
Nigerian 70 30 40
Peulh 55 25 30
Senegalese 95 55 45
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 70 45 35
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 35 20 10
North African origins 1,470 855 620
Algerian 415 240 165
Berber 255 140 115
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 95 60 35
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 570 325 240
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 165 95 70
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 445 225 215
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 30 0 20
Burundian 220 110 110
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 25 0 0
Mauritian 25 0 20
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 95 45 50
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 30 30 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 405 210 195
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 405 210 195
Asian origins 3,685 1,880 1,805
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,825 930 890
Afghan 430 235 200
Arab, n.o.s. 400 230 175
Armenian 50 25 25
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 255 115 140
Iraqi 105 55 55
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 35 20 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 285 140 150
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 175 85 100
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 150 80 70
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 30 0 20
South Asian origins 465 255 210
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 260 145 120
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 160 90 65
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 115 60 55
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,420 705 715
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 120 70 45
Chinese 630 275 355
Filipino 50 15 30
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 85 50 40
Korean 100 55 45
Laotian 65 40 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 60 35 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 360 205 155
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 25 0 15
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 25 0 15
Oceania origins 20 15 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 196,675 96,350 100,325
Buddhist 315 145 170
Christian 167,415 80,680 86,730
Anglican 1,590 725 855
Baptist 1,030 485 545
Catholic 156,080 75,160 80,915
Christian Orthodox 985 500 485
Lutheran 65 25 40
Pentecostal 355 130 230
Presbyterian 250 145 105
United Church 1,125 540 585
Other Christian 5,940 2,965 2,975
Hindu 300 150 150
Jewish 125 50 65
Muslim 2,610 1,480 1,125
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 25 10 10
Other religions 290 135 155
No religious affiliation 25,605 13,690 11,915
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 196,675 96,350 100,330
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,775 950 825
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,040 560 485
Métis single identity 605 335 275
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 10
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 35 20 15
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 75 35 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 194,905 95,400 99,505
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 196,680 96,345 100,325
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 340 175 160
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 196,335 96,170 100,165
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 196,680 96,350 100,330
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 7,490 3,605 3,885
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 6,875 3,325 3,550
Métis ancestry 610 270 335
Inuit ancestry 45 25 25
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 189,190 92,745 96,445
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 16,060 7,980 8,075
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,035 7,965 8,065
Italian 650 305 350
Portuguese 380 190 185
Romanian 160 80 80
Spanish 8,155 3,845 4,315
Dutch 160 100 65
Flemish 20 0 0
German 735 425 310
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 220 130 85
Bulgarian 25 0 15
Croatian 130 60 70
Czech 15 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 140 80 60
Russian 195 90 110
Serbian 505 265 240
Serbo-Croatian 415 230 195
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 50 35 15
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 15 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 50 25 25
Turkish 80 55 25
Berber languages (Kabyle) 140 75 65
Oromo 60 40 20
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,690 945 750
Hebrew 15 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 75 55 20
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 20 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 80 50 30
Nepali 305 155 145
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 665 335 335
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 90 45 40
Korean 25 0 0
Cantonese 70 25 45
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 125 75 50
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 190 95 95
Lao 60 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 65 45
Vietnamese 195 110 85
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 20 0 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 120 55 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 80 70
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 90 35 55
Swahili 345 140 205
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60
African languages, n.i.e. 30 0 0
Creoles 260 165 100
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 410 235 170
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 194,410 95,230 99,180
Non-movers 166,640 81,440 85,195
Movers 27,770 13,790 13,985
Non-migrants 19,085 9,380 9,710
Migrants 8,685 4,405 4,275
Internal migrants 7,400 3,685 3,720
Intraprovincial migrants 7,005 3,480 3,530
Interprovincial migrants 395 205 190
External migrants 1,280 730 560
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 185,855 91,040 94,815
Non-movers 105,605 51,345 54,260
Movers 80,250 39,695 40,555
Non-migrants 50,890 24,895 26,000
Migrants 29,360 14,805 14,560
Internal migrants 24,955 12,450 12,500
Intraprovincial migrants 23,930 11,960 11,970
Interprovincial migrants 1,020 495 525
External migrants 4,410 2,350 2,055
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 165,090 80,155 84,930
No certificate, diploma or degree 33,860 16,890 16,970
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 35,195 16,340 18,850
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 96,035 46,925 49,110
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 29,300 17,405 11,900
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 28,390 12,035 16,360
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,855 2,820 4,035
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 31,490 14,670 16,820
Bachelor's degree 18,520 7,915 10,610
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,965 6,755 6,210
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 107,920 53,000 54,920
No certificate, diploma or degree 14,990 8,205 6,790
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,120 9,455 10,665
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 72,810 35,345 37,465
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 22,575 12,955 9,620
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 19,810 8,750 11,060
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,835 2,000 2,840
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 25,585 11,640 13,950
Bachelor's degree 15,085 6,480 8,605
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,505 5,160 5,345
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 165,090 80,160 84,935
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 69,055 33,235 35,820
Education 9,145 2,410 6,740
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,735 1,210 1,530
Humanities 6,280 2,690 3,590
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,905 2,500 5,405
Business, management and public administration 20,110 7,280 12,830
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,085 2,340 1,745
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,870 1,900 975
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 20,925 19,660 1,265
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,905 1,150 750
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 13,715 2,940 10,770
Personal, protective and transportation services 6,200 2,805 3,395
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 160 40 115
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 165,090 80,155 84,930
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 69,055 33,235 35,820
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 96,035 46,920 49,115
Location of study inside Canada 91,570 44,375 47,200
Same as province or territory of residence 89,820 43,325 46,495
Another province or territory 1,745 1,040 705
Location of study outside Canada 4,465 2,550 1,915
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 110,310 56,620 53,685
Single responses 107,415 55,115 52,300
English 4,815 2,585 2,230
French 102,305 52,375 49,930
Non-official languages 305 160 140
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 165 85 85
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 100 55 45
Multiple responses 2,895 1,505 1,385
English and French 2,760 1,470 1,295
English and non-official language 15 0 0
French and non-official language 55 20 35
English, French and non-official language 55 0 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 110,310 56,625 53,685
English 4,810 2,585 2,225
French 102,300 52,375 49,930
Non-official language 300 160 140
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 300 160 145
English and French 2,765 1,465 1,300
English and non-official language 15 0 0
French and non-official language 55 20 35
English, French and non-official language 55 0 45
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 165,090 80,155 84,930
In the labour force 103,420 53,045 50,375
Employed 96,930 49,405 47,525
Unemployed 6,485 3,640 2,850
Not in the labour force 61,670 27,110 34,555
Participation rate 62.6 66.2 59.3
Employment rate 58.7 61.6 56.0
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.9 5.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 103,425 53,045 50,375
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,020 1,080 940
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 101,400 51,965 49,435
Employee 91,445 45,845 45,600
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 9,960 6,120 3,835
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 103,420 53,050 50,375
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,020 1,080 935
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 101,405 51,965 49,435
0 Management occupations 8,820 5,985 2,835
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 15,150 4,400 10,750
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,380 5,005 1,375
3 Health occupations 8,775 1,835 6,935
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 14,205 4,680 9,525
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,485 1,110 1,380
6 Sales and service occupations 24,905 10,740 14,165
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 13,555 13,000 555
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,245 1,070 175
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 5,880 4,135 1,750
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 103,425 53,050 50,375
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,020 1,080 935
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 101,400 51,970 49,435
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,260 980 285
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 250 205 50
22 Utilities 455 395 65
23 Construction 6,070 5,465 605
31-33 Manufacturing 13,000 9,635 3,370
41 Wholesale trade 2,455 1,870 585
44-45 Retail trade 13,170 6,220 6,950
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,940 2,375 570
51 Information and cultural industries 1,510 810 700
52 Finance and insurance 3,155 1,130 2,025
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,330 755 575
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,140 3,580 2,560
55 Management of companies and enterprises 105 60 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 4,105 2,260 1,845
61 Educational services 11,040 4,205 6,835
62 Health care and social assistance 15,940 3,270 12,670
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,455 765 690
72 Accommodation and food services 6,915 2,945 3,965
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,600 2,240 2,360
91 Public administration 5,500 2,810 2,695
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 103,420 53,045 50,375
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,825 2,380 2,440
Worked in 2010 98,595 50,665 47,930
1 to 13 weeks 4,460 2,155 2,305
14 to 26 weeks 7,060 3,430 3,630
27 to 39 weeks 6,775 3,730 3,045
40 to 48 weeks 18,475 9,390 9,080
49 to 52 weeks 61,830 31,960 29,875
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.1 44.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 103,420 53,050 50,375
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,825 2,380 2,445
Worked in 2010 98,595 50,665 47,930
Worked full-time in 2010 77,280 42,855 34,425
Worked part-time in 2010 21,315 7,810 13,510
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 96,930 49,410 47,525
Worked at home 5,255 2,555 2,705
Worked outside Canada 245 195 45
No fixed workplace address 6,905 5,025 1,880
Worked at usual place 84,525 41,635 42,895
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 91,430 46,665 44,770
Car, truck or van - as a driver 76,330 40,030 36,295
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,660 1,455 2,210
Public transit 3,830 1,430 2,395
Walked 6,015 2,765 3,255
Bicycle 735 520 210
Other methods 865 455 415
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 91,430 46,660 44,770
Median commuting duration 15.5 15.6 15.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 91,430 46,660 44,770
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 18,215 12,750 5,470
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 56,395 25,570 30,820
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 16,820 8,340 8,480
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 91,090 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 86,365 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,725 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 91,090 ... ...
1960 or before 20,785 ... ...
1961 to 1980 28,215 ... ...
1981 to 1990 15,640 ... ...
1991 to 2000 11,605 ... ...
2001 to 2005 6,650 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 8,195 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 91,090 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 35,510 ... ...
5 rooms 15,505 ... ...
6 rooms 10,085 ... ...
7 rooms 9,655 ... ...
8 or more rooms 20,335 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 91,095 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 15,930 ... ...
2 bedrooms 29,955 ... ...
3 bedrooms 29,955 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 15,255 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 91,090 ... ...
Owner 50,015 ... ...
Renter 41,080 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 91,090 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 6,135 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 84,955 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 91,090 ... ...
1 household maintainer 57,475 ... ...
2 household maintainers 32,760 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 855 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 91,090 ... ...
Under 25 years 5,880 ... ...
25 to 34 years 14,315 ... ...
35 to 44 years 14,055 ... ...
45 to 54 years 18,320 ... ...
55 to 64 years 17,825 ... ...
65 to 74 years 11,710 ... ...
75 years and over 8,985 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 91,090 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 90,425 ... ...
More than one person per room 665 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 91,090 ... ...
Suitable 88,265 ... ...
Not suitable 2,825 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 90,640 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 68,085 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 22,560 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 19,435 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 49,735 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 857 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 893 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 194,904 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 222,563 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 41,050 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 583 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 626 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 165,090 80,155 84,930
Without income 6,780 2,930 3,850
With income 158,305 77,230 81,080
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 12,000 6,130 5,875
$5,000 to $9,999 12,965 5,170 7,800
$10,000 to $14,999 17,815 6,740 11,075
$15,000 to $19,999 17,535 7,305 10,235
$20,000 to $29,999 26,270 11,705 14,570
$30,000 to $39,999 22,740 11,005 11,740
$40,000 to $49,999 17,635 9,520 8,120
$50,000 to $59,999 10,985 6,550 4,435
$60,000 to $79,999 11,620 6,790 4,830
$80,000 to $99,999 4,365 3,030 1,340
$100,000 and over 4,365 3,290 1,070
$100,000 to $124,999 1,960 1,445 515
$125,000 and over 2,405 1,845 560
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,950 31,257 23,299
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,167 39,132 29,438
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 165,085 80,155 84,935
Without after-tax income 6,770 2,915 3,855
With after-tax income 158,320 77,245 81,080
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 12,430 6,255 6,180
$5,000 to $9,999 13,315 5,240 8,080
$10,000 to $14,999 18,245 6,850 11,400
$15,000 to $19,999 19,410 8,175 11,240
$20,000 to $29,999 32,375 15,455 16,915
$30,000 to $39,999 26,965 13,450 13,510
$40,000 to $49,999 16,450 9,525 6,930
$50,000 to $59,999 9,035 5,180 3,855
$60,000 to $79,999 6,440 4,350 2,090
$80,000 to $99,999 1,790 1,345 445
$100,000 and over 1,855 1,425 435
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,727 27,977 21,812
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,843 32,340 25,512
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.6 87.5 78.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 69.1 72.1 65.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 63.9 66.6 60.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.2 5.5 4.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.4 5.2 3.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.5 8.8 8.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.4 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.4 12.5 21.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.6 4.2 5.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.1 3.0 5.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.4 2.1 2.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.3 0.3 4.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.1 2.9 3.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.6 17.3 13.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.4 82.7 86.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.5 1.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 51,795 28,365 23,430
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 38,946 42,512 35,923
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 46,267 50,975 40,568
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 55,670 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,448 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,166 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,451 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,986 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 25,000 ... ...
Median family income ($) 58,257 ... ...
Average family income ($) 68,841 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 51,224 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 57,645 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 20,825 ... ...
Median family income ($) 85,705 ... ...
Average family income ($) 97,609 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,294 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,224 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 8,525 ... ...
Median family income ($) 41,371 ... ...
Average family income ($) 47,974 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 39,169 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 42,400 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 40,245 18,780 21,460
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 22,207 23,341 21,508
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,040 30,382 27,866
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,189 21,543 20,829
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,958 25,624 24,374
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 196,675 96,350 100,330
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 121,800 57,950 63,855
In bottom decile 23,240 11,360 11,885
In second decile 23,855 10,405 13,445
In third decile 26,330 12,710 13,615
In fourth decile 25,820 12,550 13,270
In fifth decile 22,560 10,920 11,645
In top half of the Canadian distribution 74,880 38,400 36,470
In sixth decile 21,345 10,915 10,425
In seventh decile 18,835 9,505 9,330
In eighth decile 15,365 7,830 7,535
In ninth decile 11,085 5,845 5,240
In top decile 8,255 4,310 3,945
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 91,090 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,575 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,465 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,215 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 11,105 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 10,685 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 9,645 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,790 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 12,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,505 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,215 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,180 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 91,090 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,295 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,570 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,580 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,535 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 13,140 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 12,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 10,470 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,470 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 12,880 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,895 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,615 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,215 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,405 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 91,090 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 46,195 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 59,379 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 41,571 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 50,131 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 32,305 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 23,684 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 30,906 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 22,211 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 26,405 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 58,785 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 63,470 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 75,027 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 55,763 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 63,171 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 196,675 96,350 100,330
Less than 18 years 39,095 19,990 19,105
Less than 6 years 12,720 6,325 6,400
18 to 64 years 127,950 63,115 64,830
65 years and over 29,630 13,240 16,390
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 35,890 16,520 19,370
Less than 18 years 6,390 3,175 3,215
Less than 6 years 2,065 1,060 1,000
18 to 64 years 23,815 11,630 12,185
65 years and over 5,685 1,715 3,965
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 18.2 17.1 19.3
Less than 18 years (%) 16.3 15.9 16.8
Less than 6 years (%) 16.2 16.8 15.6
18 to 64 years (%) 18.6 18.4 18.8
65 years and over (%) 19.2 13.0 24.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Sherbrooke, CMA, Quebec (Code 433) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Sherbrooke, CMA, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Sherbrooke, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sherbrooke, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 201,890 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 191,410A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 99,913 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 91,099 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 138.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,459.61 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 201,890 98,160 103,725
0 to 4 years 10,860 5,525 5,335
5 to 9 years 10,155 5,245 4,910
10 to 14 years 10,755 5,595 5,160
15 to 19 years 12,735 6,350 6,385
15 years 2,445 1,195 1,250
16 years 2,425 1,205 1,220
17 years 2,480 1,295 1,185
18 years 2,570 1,225 1,350
19 years 2,820 1,435 1,390
20 to 24 years 14,650 7,385 7,270
25 to 29 years 13,375 6,885 6,500
30 to 34 years 13,005 6,505 6,505
35 to 39 years 11,620 5,750 5,870
40 to 44 years 12,185 6,140 6,045
45 to 49 years 14,825 7,295 7,530
50 to 54 years 15,485 7,460 8,020
55 to 59 years 14,890 7,200 7,690
60 to 64 years 13,705 6,550 7,155
65 to 69 years 10,980 5,260 5,720
70 to 74 years 7,490 3,490 4,005
75 to 79 years 6,025 2,540 3,485
80 to 84 years 4,550 1,705 2,845
85 years and over 4,595 1,295 3,300
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.6 39.9 43.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.3 83.3 85.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 170,120 81,800 88,325
Married or living with a common-law partner 94,435 47,195 47,245
Married (and not separated) 53,880 26,940 26,940
Living common law 40,555 20,250 20,305
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 75,685 34,605 41,080
Single (never legally married) 49,965 26,285 23,675
Separated 2,270 1,005 1,270
Divorced 13,745 5,480 8,265
Widowed 9,710 1,840 7,865
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 55,245 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 31,080 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 10,710 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 9,350 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 4,110 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 55,245 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 46,425 ... ...
Married couples 26,190 ... ...
Without children at home 15,645 ... ...
With children at home 10,540 ... ...
1 child 4,030 ... ...
2 children 4,230 ... ...
3 or more children 2,285 ... ...
Common-law couples 20,240 ... ...
Without children at home 10,065 ... ...
With children at home 10,175 ... ...
1 child 4,070 ... ...
2 children 4,455 ... ...
3 or more children 1,645 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 8,820 ... ...
Female parent 6,505 ... ...
1 child 3,880 ... ...
2 children 1,975 ... ...
3 or more children 650 ... ...
Male parent 2,320 ... ...
1 child 1,490 ... ...
2 children 635 ... ...
3 or more children 195 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 51,980 ... ...
Under six years of age 12,885 ... ...
6 to 14 years 18,635 ... ...
15 to 17 years 7,140 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,825 ... ...
25 years and over 3,490 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 196,715 96,335 100,375
Number of persons not in census families 43,065 20,205 22,860
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,810 1,280 1,530
Living with non-relatives only 7,730 4,395 3,340
Living alone 32,520 14,535 17,990
Number of census family persons 153,650 76,135 77,520
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 29,755 13,250 16,505
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 11,475 3,310 8,165
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 740 200 545
Living with non-relatives only 675 310 360
Living alone 10,060 2,795 7,260
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 18,280 9,940 8,340
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 91,100 ... ...
Census-family households 54,845 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 52,615 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 44,700 ... ...
Without children 24,685 ... ...
With children 20,015 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,915 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,230 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,835 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,185 ... ...
Without children 685 ... ...
With children 500 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 655 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 395 ... ...
Non-census-family households 36,255 ... ...
One-person households 32,520 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,730 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 91,100 ... ...
Single-detached house 40,780 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,150 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 445 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 47,725 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,375 ... ...
Row house 1,940 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 5,715 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 36,395 ... ...
Other single-attached house 295 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 91,095 ... ...
1 person 32,520 ... ...
2 persons 32,655 ... ...
3 persons 11,530 ... ...
4 persons 9,695 ... ...
5 persons 3,330 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,365 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 196,715 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 199,185 97,215 101,975
  Single responses  196,860 96,040 100,825
    English  9,740 4,720 5,025
    French  178,035 86,735 91,300
    Non-official languages  9,085 4,590 4,500
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 10 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 5 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,895 4,485 4,410
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Afrikaans  5 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  15 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,180 665 510
        Armenian  15 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 80 40 40
        Bengali  10 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  55 30 25
        Bisayan languages  5 0 10
        Bosnian  145 70 70
        Bulgarian  25 15 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 10 15
        Chinese, n.o.s.  185 90 100
        Creoles  120 50 75
        Croatian  60 25 35
        Czech  35 15 20
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  60 25 35
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  5 5 5
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  190 95 95
        Greek  65 40 25
        Gujarati  10 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  15 5 10
        Hungarian  35 20 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  185 120 65
        Japanese  25 15 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 30 30
        Korean  35 15 20
        Kurdish  20 10 10
        Lao  15 5 10
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  45 20 30
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  65 25 40
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  215 100 120
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 55 30 20
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  65 40 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 0
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  730 370 360
        Polish  130 65 70
        Portuguese  175 90 90
        Romanian  150 80 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  155 80 80
        Russian  130 45 80
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  65 30 40
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  430 215 215
        Serbo-Croatian  400 200 200
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Slovak  20 10 10
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  15 10 5
        Spanish  2,820 1,410 1,415
        Swahili  140 65 75
        Swedish  0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  20 5 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 10 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 0 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 5 0
        Turkish  45 30 20
        Ukrainian  20 15 10
        Urdu  20 10 10
        Vietnamese  170 85 85
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 185 100 85
  Multiple responses          2,325 1,175 1,150
    English and French  1,555 765 790
    English and non-official language  105 60 45
    French and non-official language  590 310 280
    English, French and non-official language 75 45 30
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 199,190 97,215 101,970
  English only 3,060 1,385 1,670
  French only 111,455 50,600 60,860
  English and French 83,855 44,905 38,950
  Neither English nor French 815 320 490
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 199,185 97,215 101,975
  English 10,795 5,265 5,530
  French 185,340 90,400 94,935
  English and French 2,280 1,250 1,035
  Neither English nor French 775 305 470
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 11,935 5,890 6,050
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 6.0 6.1 5.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 199,185 97,215 101,975
  Single responses 196,090 95,685 100,405
    English 9,185 4,445 4,740
    French 181,240 88,405 92,840
    Non-official languages 5,660 2,835 2,825
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,595 2,800 2,795
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 5 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 600 320 285
        Armenian 10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Bengali 5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 10 5
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 100 50 50
        Bulgarian 15 5 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 15 5 10
        Chinese, n.o.s. 160 80 80
        Creoles 25 15 15
        Croatian 40 20 20
        Czech 20 10 15
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 15 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 40 20 20
        Greek 35 15 15
        Gujarati 0 0 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 10 5 5
        Hungarian 10 5 5
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Italian 40 15 20
        Japanese 20 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 35 20 15
        Korean 35 15 20
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 5 5 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 15 5 15
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 45 20 20
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 200 90 110
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 15 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 5 0
        Pashto 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 620 315 305
        Polish 55 30 25
        Portuguese 110 55 50
        Romanian 80 45 35
        Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 20
        Russian 60 25 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 345 165 175
        Serbo-Croatian 295 150 150
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 5 5
        Spanish 2,090 1,040 1,050
        Swahili 90 35 50
        Swedish 0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 0 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 35 20 10
        Ukrainian 5 5 0
        Urdu 15 5 5
        Vietnamese 100 50 50
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 70 35 30
  Multiple responses         3,100 1,530 1,570
    English and French 1,495 735 760
    English and non-official language 145 70 75
    French and non-official language 1,300 630 665
    English, French and non-official language 160 90 70
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 199,190 97,210 101,975
  None 179,925 87,355 92,570
  Single responses  18,510 9,455 9,055
    English  10,750 5,515 5,235
    French  5,250 2,650 2,605
    Non-official languages  2,510 1,295 1,215
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,390 1,215 1,170
        African languages, n.i.e 20 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  375 225 155
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  35 20 20
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  40 15 20
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 0 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  30 10 15
        Creoles  65 30 35
        Croatian  10 5 5
        Czech  15 10 5
        Danish  5 0 5
        Dutch  20 5 10
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  95 45 45
        Greek  15 10 5
        Gujarati  5 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  5 0 5
        Hungarian  15 10 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  70 35 30
        Japanese  10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 5
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  10 5 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  35 20 20
        Lithuanian  10 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  10 0 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  20 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  65 35 35
        Polish  35 15 20
        Portuguese  50 25 25
        Romanian  25 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  65 30 30
        Russian  50 20 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  50 20 30
        Serbo-Croatian  65 30 30
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  5 5 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  10 5 0
        Spanish  735 365 365
        Swahili  70 40 30
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  10 0 5
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 10 0
        Ukrainian  10 5 5
        Urdu  20 15 5
        Vietnamese  35 15 25
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 75 50
  Multiple responses          745 395 350
    English and French  255 150 105
    English and non-official language  380 195 180
    French and non-official language  105 45 60
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

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Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Sherbrooke, CMA, Quebec (Code 433) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Sherbrooke, CMA, Quebec

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Sherbrooke (Census metropolitan area), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

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