NHS Profile, Montréal, CMA, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Montréal, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 3,752,475 1,835,450 1,917,020
Canadian citizens 3,464,175 1,693,110 1,771,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 725,840 371,285 354,550
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,738,340 1,321,820 1,416,520
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 288,295 142,345 145,955
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 3,752,475 1,835,455 1,917,025
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 2,847,210 1,391,690 1,455,520
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 846,645 413,005 433,640
Before 1971 133,400 65,100 68,295
1971 to 1980 100,720 49,340 51,380
1981 to 1990 117,075 57,150 59,925
1991 to 2000 172,410 83,205 89,210
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 323,040 158,210 164,825
2001 to 2005 133,305 65,180 68,130
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 189,730 93,035 96,695
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 58,620 30,760 27,865
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 846,645 413,005 433,640
Under 5 years 79,325 39,380 39,950
5 to 14 years 133,945 67,065 66,885
15 to 24 years 186,135 85,770 100,365
25 to 44 years 387,295 193,885 193,405
45 years and over 59,945 26,900 33,045
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 3,752,470 1,835,450 1,917,025
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 2,847,210 1,391,685 1,455,520
Born in province of residence 2,728,125 1,335,365 1,392,760
Born outside province of residence 119,085 56,320 62,770
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 846,645 413,005 433,640
Americas 189,650 86,500 103,155
United States 18,475 9,000 9,475
Jamaica 5,070 1,990 3,080
Guyana 2,560 1,075 1,480
Haiti 65,140 28,485 36,660
Mexico 12,820 6,030 6,785
Trinidad and Tobago 4,305 1,910 2,395
Colombia 12,840 5,850 6,990
El Salvador 8,830 4,575 4,260
Peru 10,555 4,815 5,740
Chile 7,105 3,500 3,610
Other places of birth in Americas 41,950 19,275 22,675
Europe 250,855 123,065 127,790
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 11,740 5,850 5,895
Italy 55,385 27,690 27,695
Germany 7,120 3,200 3,920
Poland 10,680 4,500 6,175
Portugal 16,200 7,590 8,610
Netherlands 1,640 835 800
France 46,540 24,315 22,225
Romania 23,650 11,465 12,185
Russian Federation 10,060 4,395 5,670
Greece 20,280 10,270 10,005
Ukraine 6,390 2,780 3,615
Croatia 1,325 660 665
Hungary 4,040 1,945 2,100
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,425 705 720
Serbia 1,045 530 520
Ireland, Republic of 810 370 445
Other places of birth in Europe 32,525 15,970 16,555
Africa 157,860 83,425 74,430
Morocco 43,790 22,880 20,905
Algeria 43,545 23,045 20,495
Egypt 16,490 8,545 7,940
South Africa, Republic of 605 300 300
Nigeria 1,055 640 420
Ethiopia 760 355 400
Kenya 650 325 325
Other places of birth in Africa 50,960 27,320 23,640
Asia 247,270 119,490 127,775
India 16,540 8,590 7,950
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 37,980 16,300 21,680
Philippines 21,790 8,225 13,565
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 4,700 2,265 2,435
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 25,370 12,135 13,230
Pakistan 8,805 4,835 3,975
Sri Lanka 12,150 6,200 5,955
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 10,890 5,565 5,325
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 3,825 1,720 2,100
Lebanon 35,440 19,235 16,200
Taiwan 2,610 1,215 1,390
Iraq 3,155 1,575 1,580
Bangladesh 7,885 4,030 3,855
Afghanistan 4,915 2,410 2,505
Japan 1,465 375 1,095
Turkey 6,790 3,480 3,310
Other places of birth in Asia 42,965 21,340 21,625
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,010 515 490
Fiji 60 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 950 490 460
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 58,620 30,755 27,860
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 189,730 93,030 96,700
Americas 46,355 22,190 24,165
United States 4,720 2,610 2,115
Mexico 7,030 3,405 3,625
Cuba 1,405 775 630
Haiti 13,715 6,355 7,360
Jamaica 160 90 70
Brazil 2,715 1,305 1,415
Colombia 6,400 3,040 3,355
Guyana 105 25 80
Peru 2,705 1,230 1,475
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,695 770 925
Other places of birth in Americas 5,700 2,585 3,110
Europe 33,415 16,825 16,590
France 11,885 6,350 5,535
Germany 545 335 215
Poland 310 95 215
Romania 4,820 2,265 2,555
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 4,025 1,960 2,065
Russian Federation 2,495 1,045 1,450
Ukraine 2,010 860 1,150
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,040 605 435
Other places of birth in Europe 6,280 3,310 2,975
Africa 61,105 31,595 29,510
Nigeria 425 260 165
Ethiopia 150 45 105
Mauritius 1,730 920 815
Somalia 40 25 0
Algeria 18,865 9,380 9,485
Egypt 2,860 1,610 1,260
Morocco 16,365 8,210 8,150
Tunisia 3,370 2,070 1,295
Cameroon 2,870 1,475 1,395
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 1,825 825 995
South Africa, Republic of 95 40 65
Other places of birth in Africa 12,510 6,745 5,770
Asia 48,655 22,300 26,360
Philippines 6,865 2,780 4,080
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 10,245 4,260 5,985
India 3,185 1,710 1,475
Pakistan 1,960 965 1,000
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 2,860 1,410 1,450
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 970 350 615
Sri Lanka 2,005 915 1,095
Iraq 885 480 405
Bangladesh 1,500 705 795
Lebanon 6,070 3,305 2,765
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,425 510 915
Taiwan 350 130 220
Afghanistan 1,350 660 690
Japan 565 125 440
Turkey 1,130 575 555
Israel 945 470 480
Nepal 115 55 60
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 125 60 75
United Arab Emirates 265 130 130
Saudi Arabia 585 315 270
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 1,375 720 655
Other places of birth in Asia 3,875 1,680 2,200
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 200 130 75
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 3,752,475 1,835,455 1,917,020
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 913,715 448,105 465,610
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 566,910 284,575 282,340
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 2,271,845 1,102,770 1,169,075
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 3,752,470 1,835,450 1,917,025
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 762,325 375,220 387,110
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 79,540 41,565 37,975
Chinese 74,375 34,555 39,820
Black 216,310 103,050 113,260
Filipino 30,215 11,865 18,350
Latin American 98,010 47,940 50,065
Arab 150,510 80,580 69,930
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 59,430 29,630 29,800
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 21,835 11,215 10,625
Korean 5,910 2,765 3,145
Japanese 3,135 1,070 2,065
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 7,555 3,610 3,945
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 15,505 7,380 8,125
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 2,990,150 1,460,230 1,529,915
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 3,752,475 1,835,455 1,917,025
North American Aboriginal origins 96,700 44,240 52,465
First Nations (North American Indian) 86,620 39,585 47,040
Inuit 1,535 735 800
Métis 9,530 4,435 5,095
Other North American origins 1,779,485 860,970 918,510
Acadian 13,220 6,095 7,125
American 24,805 11,875 12,930
Canadian 1,677,935 810,650 867,285
New Brunswicker 610 305 300
Newfoundlander 390 145 245
Nova Scotian 380 185 205
Ontarian 505 230 275
Québécois 88,350 44,115 44,240
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 205 130 75
European origins 1,776,020 870,115 905,905
British Isles origins 395,345 188,490 206,850
Channel Islander 485 260 225
Cornish 20 0 0
English 140,115 68,010 72,100
Irish 223,780 104,775 119,010
Manx 50 40 10
Scottish 114,240 53,750 60,490
Welsh 7,565 3,580 3,980
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 21,345 9,900 11,445
French origins 949,885 465,740 484,145
Alsatian 710 385 325
Breton 6,040 2,870 3,170
French 945,530 463,690 481,845
Western European origins (except French origins) 137,460 66,785 70,675
Austrian 9,260 4,360 4,895
Belgian 29,010 14,420 14,590
Dutch 15,080 7,310 7,775
Flemish 1,165 665 500
Frisian 65 15 50
German 78,490 37,810 40,680
Luxembourger 460 245 220
Swiss 12,165 6,200 5,965
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 615 365 250
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 14,170 6,740 7,425
Danish 2,935 1,480 1,460
Finnish 1,885 710 1,175
Icelandic 570 290 280
Norwegian 4,215 2,055 2,165
Swedish 4,505 2,135 2,370
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 845 430 410
Eastern European origins 175,540 85,260 90,280
Bulgarian 7,510 3,630 3,885
Byelorussian 1,645 740 905
Czech 4,580 2,270 2,310
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 1,485 720 765
Estonian 625 315 315
Hungarian 19,440 9,980 9,460
Latvian 1,485 765 720
Lithuanian 4,425 2,210 2,210
Moldovan 3,690 1,790 1,900
Polish 53,495 25,480 28,010
Romanian 38,085 18,595 19,485
Russian 40,760 19,420 21,335
Slovak 3,235 1,675 1,555
Ukrainian 26,690 12,685 14,005
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 1,080 565 515
Southern European origins 435,815 217,130 218,690
Albanian 2,915 1,565 1,355
Bosnian 805 360 445
Croatian 4,130 2,115 2,020
Cypriot 360 160 200
Greek 65,690 33,605 32,085
Italian 263,565 131,215 132,345
Kosovar 365 175 190
Macedonian 650 290 365
Maltese 595 285 310
Montenegrin 305 145 170
Portuguese 48,320 23,770 24,545
Serbian 2,720 1,365 1,350
Sicilian 990 530 460
Slovenian 1,925 925 1,000
Spanish 62,650 30,505 32,150
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 2,830 1,325 1,500
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 50 35 10
Other European origins 70,290 34,985 35,300
Basque 1,870 960 910
Jewish 63,985 31,890 32,095
Roma (Gypsy) 345 180 170
Slavic, n.o.s. 360 200 155
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 4,035 1,950 2,085
Caribbean origins 155,740 72,100 83,645
Antiguan 270 135 140
Bahamian 430 260 165
Barbadian 5,335 2,370 2,970
Bermudan 70 35 35
Carib 280 110 170
Cuban 4,900 2,440 2,460
Dominican 7,460 3,515 3,950
Grenadian 1,870 685 1,180
Haitian 111,565 51,790 59,780
Jamaican 11,820 5,510 6,310
Kittitian/Nevisian 230 100 130
Martinican 810 440 370
Montserratan 365 220 140
Puerto Rican 290 125 165
St. Lucian 800 300 505
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 6,195 3,085 3,110
Vincentian/Grenadinian 3,045 1,135 1,915
West Indian, n.o.s. 3,605 1,570 2,035
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 3,780 1,830 1,950
Latin, Central and South American origins 113,830 55,740 58,090
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 3,415 1,655 1,760
Argentinian 3,635 1,905 1,735
Belizean 50 15 30
Bolivian 960 495 465
Brazilian 4,420 2,215 2,205
Chilean 10,730 5,255 5,470
Colombian 17,160 8,050 9,110
Costa Rican 865 505 360
Ecuadorian 1,980 920 1,060
Guatemalan 7,100 3,560 3,540
Guyanese 3,120 1,470 1,645
Hispanic 420 215 205
Honduran 3,505 1,775 1,730
Maya 1,130 600 530
Mexican 21,015 10,490 10,525
Nicaraguan 2,265 1,175 1,085
Panamanian 1,200 640 560
Paraguayan 210 125 85
Peruvian 14,410 6,685 7,725
Salvadorean 14,970 7,425 7,545
Uruguayan 940 430 510
Venezuelan 4,815 2,145 2,665
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 3,340 1,800 1,540
African origins 225,625 117,035 108,590
Central and West African origins 39,285 20,425 18,860
Akan 120 65 50
Angolan 340 185 155
Ashanti 80 40 45
Beninese 1,535 750 785
Burkinabe 725 370 350
Cameroonian 5,440 2,885 2,550
Chadian 575 300 280
Congolese 10,035 4,825 5,215
Gabonese 615 305 310
Gambian 190 60 130
Ghanaian 2,405 1,360 1,040
Guinean 3,280 1,765 1,520
Ibo 70 35 35
Ivorian 3,100 1,720 1,380
Liberian 140 90 55
Malian 1,745 765 980
Nigerian 1,675 880 790
Peulh 975 505 475
Senegalese 4,215 2,265 1,950
Sierra Leonean 135 65 70
Togolese 1,375 750 630
Yoruba 300 185 110
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 3,785 2,035 1,755
North African origins 144,220 75,730 68,490
Algerian 40,905 21,500 19,405
Berber 21,445 11,655 9,785
Coptic 630 310 315
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 21,580 11,280 10,305
Libyan 590 365 220
Maure 525 290 230
Moroccan 53,960 27,395 26,565
Sudanese 370 210 160
Tunisian 10,315 5,995 4,315
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 1,405 775 630
Southern and East African origins 14,950 7,370 7,575
Afrikaner 40 25 15
Amhara 50 0 30
Bantu, n.o.s. 660 335 330
Burundian 2,405 1,195 1,210
Eritrean 345 160 185
Ethiopian 1,030 510 525
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 245 145 100
Malagasy 1,735 855 875
Mauritian 2,325 1,070 1,250
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 2,710 1,370 1,345
Seychellois 615 300 310
Somali 715 330 380
South African 745 305 435
Tanzanian 155 90 70
Tigrian 50 45 0
Ugandan 155 85 70
Zambian 70 45 30
Zimbabwean 335 175 160
Zulu 45 30 15
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,165 620 550
Other African origins 30,315 15,085 15,225
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 2,350 1,160 1,190
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 28,670 14,285 14,390
Asian origins 445,755 221,050 224,710
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 177,160 92,540 84,615
Afghan 7,355 3,740 3,610
Arab, n.o.s. 33,940 18,730 15,210
Armenian 23,970 12,115 11,850
Assyrian 355 230 125
Azerbaijani 605 315 290
Georgian 395 220 180
Iranian 16,585 8,505 8,085
Iraqi 4,150 2,010 2,140
Israeli 2,975 1,340 1,635
Jordanian 1,175 655 515
Kazakh 530 235 295
Kurd 1,220 570 655
Kuwaiti 195 110 90
Lebanese 62,045 32,350 29,690
Palestinian 5,300 2,780 2,520
Pashtun 165 100 60
Saudi Arabian 790 515 280
Syrian 16,515 8,690 7,825
Tajik 175 85 85
Tatar 435 195 235
Turk 13,180 6,680 6,505
Uighur 145 75 70
Uzbek 285 125 155
Yemeni 155 95 60
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,200 685 510
South Asian origins 86,985 45,230 41,755
Bangladeshi 7,130 3,720 3,415
Bengali 3,525 1,790 1,735
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 45,640 23,665 21,980
Goan 160 55 105
Gujarati 255 125 125
Kashmiri 65 35 30
Nepali 480 250 230
Pakistani 12,220 6,780 5,435
Punjabi 1,860 1,065 795
Sinhalese 250 120 130
Sri Lankan 16,350 8,335 8,015
Tamil 3,130 1,570 1,555
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,935 1,035 900
East and Southeast Asian origins 183,975 84,525 99,450
Burmese 180 85 95
Cambodian (Khmer) 13,210 6,470 6,740
Chinese 91,785 43,005 48,775
Filipino 32,745 13,045 19,695
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 810 300 505
Japanese 4,440 1,670 2,770
Korean 6,265 2,855 3,410
Laotian 5,760 2,870 2,890
Malaysian 750 380 365
Mongolian 520 280 240
Singaporean 45 0 30
Taiwanese 1,680 815 865
Thai 1,775 840 935
Tibetan 70 35 35
Vietnamese 38,960 19,105 19,855
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 255 105 150
Other Asian origins 1,010 520 495
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 1,010 520 495
Oceania origins 1,685 780 905
Australian 1,105 535 570
New Zealander 345 155 190
Pacific Islands origins 290 115 170
Fijian 10 0 0
Hawaiian 60 30 25
Maori 40 20 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 90 40 40
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 85 0 70
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 3,752,475 1,835,450 1,917,020
Buddhist 47,350 22,260 25,095
Christian 2,790,920 1,327,800 1,463,115
Anglican 34,280 15,605 18,675
Baptist 23,770 10,530 13,240
Catholic 2,380,255 1,133,810 1,246,445
Christian Orthodox 122,110 59,955 62,150
Lutheran 5,200 2,460 2,740
Pentecostal 26,345 11,605 14,745
Presbyterian 8,250 3,695 4,550
United Church 18,385 8,235 10,150
Other Christian 172,325 81,910 90,415
Hindu 32,280 16,415 15,860
Jewish 83,200 40,515 42,680
Muslim 221,040 116,495 104,545
Sikh 9,205 5,075 4,135
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 200 55 150
Other religions 7,620 3,735 3,885
No religious affiliation 560,650 303,090 257,560
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 3,752,475 1,835,450 1,917,025
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 26,285 12,340 13,945
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 14,750 6,800 7,950
Métis single identity 8,840 4,345 4,495
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 900 435 465
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 395 150 245
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,405 615 785
Non-Aboriginal identity 3,726,190 1,823,110 1,903,080
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,752,475 1,835,450 1,917,020
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 6,685 3,015 3,680
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 3,745,785 1,832,435 1,913,350
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 3,752,475 1,835,450 1,917,025
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 96,700 44,235 52,465
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 86,625 39,585 47,040
Métis ancestry 9,535 4,435 5,095
Inuit ancestry 1,535 730 800
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 3,655,770 1,791,210 1,864,560
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 1,200,390 583,395 616,995
Aboriginal languages 910 380 530
Algonquin 35 30 10
Atikamekw 20 0 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 200 100 95
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 65 15 50
Ojibway 15 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 265 65 200
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 295 140 155
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,199,595 583,085 616,510
Italian 166,340 81,620 84,720
Portuguese 39,585 19,290 20,290
Romanian 31,440 15,290 16,150
Spanish 248,895 114,615 134,280
Dutch 3,595 1,805 1,785
Flemish 480 175 305
German 31,940 16,105 15,835
Yiddish 13,515 6,690 6,830
Danish 440 235 205
Norwegian 580 300 280
Swedish 1,325 575 745
Afrikaans 295 135 160
Gaelic languages 270 150 120
Bosnian 545 270 275
Bulgarian 6,240 3,030 3,215
Croatian 2,170 1,060 1,110
Czech 1,565 650 915
Macedonian 350 175 180
Polish 16,390 7,260 9,130
Russian 35,790 17,040 18,755
Serbian 1,905 955 950
Serbo-Croatian 1,010 535 475
Slovak 1,040 440 600
Slovenian 890 410 480
Ukrainian 6,310 2,775 3,535
Latvian 395 165 230
Lithuanian 745 400 350
Greek 51,755 26,205 25,550
Armenian 18,410 9,175 9,235
Albanian 2,595 1,385 1,210
Estonian 205 85 120
Finnish 475 165 310
Hungarian 7,460 3,710 3,755
Turkish 10,365 5,215 5,150
Berber languages (Kabyle) 6,610 3,635 2,980
Oromo 8,650 4,725 3,930
Somali 690 315 375
Amharic 845 405 440
Arabic 193,425 102,445 90,980
Hebrew 18,860 9,970 8,900
Maltese 20 0 15
Tigrigna 295 140 160
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 100 55
Bengali 12,095 6,190 5,910
Gujarati 7,385 3,620 3,765
Hindi 12,810 6,615 6,190
Konkani 195 110 85
Marathi 200 115 90
Panjabi (Punjabi) 14,355 7,845 6,505
Sindhi 330 170 160
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,050 560 490
Urdu 14,040 7,885 6,155
Nepali 510 240 275
Kurdish 740 390 350
Pashto 1,255 690 565
Persian (Farsi) 21,190 10,820 10,370
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 905 450 455
Kannada 375 190 185
Malayalam 305 165 140
Tamil 19,210 9,790 9,425
Telugu 530 295 235
Japanese 4,630 2,050 2,580
Korean 5,085 2,300 2,780
Cantonese 13,410 6,230 7,180
Fukien 105 30 75
Hakka 195 100 95
Mandarin 16,020 7,515 8,500
Taiwanese 825 380 445
Chinese, n.o.s. 44,235 21,305 22,925
Lao 5,255 2,565 2,695
Thai 1,475 700 775
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,210 5,375 5,830
Vietnamese 35,340 17,360 17,985
Bisayan languages 1,030 375 650
Ilocano 1,835 620 1,215
Malay 1,325 640 690
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 24,605 8,800 15,800
Akan (Twi) 1,555 835 725
Lingala 5,970 2,860 3,105
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,770 935 835
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,815 865 955
Swahili 2,930 1,525 1,400
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 3,100 1,650 1,445
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 7,455 4,015 3,440
African languages, n.i.e. 1,615 945 665
Creoles 95,005 43,205 51,800
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 17,080 8,830 8,255
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 3,708,305 1,812,685 1,895,620
Non-movers 3,238,985 1,581,100 1,657,890
Movers 469,315 231,590 237,730
Non-migrants 272,190 134,605 137,580
Migrants 197,125 96,985 100,150
Internal migrants 150,785 73,905 76,885
Intraprovincial migrants 139,935 68,230 71,705
Interprovincial migrants 10,855 5,675 5,175
External migrants 46,340 23,075 23,265
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 3,529,300 1,721,460 1,807,840
Non-movers 2,107,035 1,022,655 1,084,380
Movers 1,422,270 698,805 723,460
Non-migrants 756,770 371,520 385,245
Migrants 665,505 327,285 338,215
Internal migrants 475,900 231,745 244,155
Intraprovincial migrants 442,530 215,185 227,340
Interprovincial migrants 33,375 16,555 16,815
External migrants 189,600 95,540 94,060
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 3,120,060 1,512,350 1,607,705
No certificate, diploma or degree 607,545 292,945 314,600
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 685,795 323,640 362,160
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,826,720 895,770 930,945
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 406,625 235,825 170,800
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 512,805 229,690 283,110
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 172,940 75,235 97,705
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 734,350 355,020 379,335
Bachelor's degree 455,465 209,260 246,205
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 278,885 145,755 133,130
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 2,123,425 1,041,915 1,081,505
No certificate, diploma or degree 263,045 135,885 127,160
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 407,060 196,540 210,515
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,453,320 709,485 743,835
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 315,850 179,350 136,500
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 376,755 171,530 205,225
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 131,945 58,440 73,510
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 628,770 300,165 328,600
Bachelor's degree 389,385 179,160 210,225
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 239,385 121,005 118,375
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 3,120,055 1,512,350 1,607,700
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 1,293,340 616,590 676,755
Education 115,695 26,260 89,430
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 97,125 45,380 51,745
Humanities 118,565 45,865 72,700
Social and behavioural sciences and law 201,740 71,075 130,665
Business, management and public administration 436,630 173,960 262,670
Physical and life sciences and technologies 75,860 40,730 35,130
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 88,965 60,925 28,045
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 357,255 320,015 37,240
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 19,935 11,590 8,345
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 209,635 45,355 164,280
Personal, protective and transportation services 105,055 54,530 50,530
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 255 75 180
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 3,120,055 1,512,355 1,607,700
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,293,340 616,590 676,755
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,826,715 895,770 930,945
Location of study inside Canada 1,537,820 745,190 792,635
Same as province or territory of residence 1,485,305 717,475 767,825
Another province or territory 52,515 27,710 24,810
Location of study outside Canada 288,895 150,580 138,310
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 2,156,170 1,111,585 1,044,585
Single responses 1,962,905 1,008,310 954,595
English 401,075 214,440 186,635
French 1,543,440 784,840 758,600
Non-official languages 18,395 9,030 9,365
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,440 1,820 1,620
Cantonese 1,085 560 525
Panjabi (Punjabi) 195 120 75
Mandarin 570 300 275
Spanish 3,190 1,575 1,615
Korean 155 85 65
German 215 65 155
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 465 235 235
Inuktitut 10 0 0
Other languages 9,060 4,275 4,790
Multiple responses 193,265 103,280 89,990
English and French 177,215 94,860 82,355
English and non-official language 4,085 2,325 1,760
French and non-official language 3,790 1,765 2,025
English, French and non-official language 8,180 4,325 3,850
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 2,156,175 1,111,585 1,044,590
English 401,075 214,440 186,635
French 1,543,435 784,840 758,595
Non-official language 18,395 9,030 9,360
Aboriginal 20 10 15
Non-Aboriginal 18,370 9,020 9,350
English and French 177,215 94,860 82,355
English and non-official language 4,080 2,320 1,760
French and non-official language 3,790 1,765 2,025
English, French and non-official language 8,180 4,325 3,855
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 3,120,055 1,512,350 1,607,700
In the labour force 2,056,135 1,064,780 991,360
Employed 1,897,610 978,670 918,945
Unemployed 158,525 86,110 72,415
Not in the labour force 1,063,925 447,575 616,345
Participation rate 65.9 70.4 61.7
Employment rate 60.8 64.7 57.2
Unemployment rate 7.7 8.1 7.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 2,056,135 1,064,780 991,360
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 61,415 31,695 29,720
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,994,720 1,033,080 961,635
Employee 1,784,540 899,015 885,525
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 210,175 134,070 76,110
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 2,056,135 1,064,780 991,360
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 61,420 31,700 29,720
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,994,720 1,033,080 961,635
0 Management occupations 216,750 136,395 80,355
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 364,530 119,315 245,215
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 161,380 125,290 36,090
3 Health occupations 127,455 27,575 99,885
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 234,615 73,060 161,555
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 77,420 37,215 40,205
6 Sales and service occupations 485,340 231,870 253,465
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 229,590 215,330 14,260
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 12,200 10,050 2,145
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 85,440 56,970 28,470
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 2,056,135 1,064,780 991,355
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 61,415 31,700 29,720
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,994,720 1,033,080 961,635
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 8,905 5,825 3,080
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 2,405 1,755 655
22 Utilities 16,510 10,835 5,675
23 Construction 99,550 86,310 13,245
31-33 Manufacturing 213,665 147,145 66,520
41 Wholesale trade 105,935 66,310 39,625
44-45 Retail trade 242,920 116,220 126,700
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 97,585 72,305 25,275
51 Information and cultural industries 70,025 40,410 29,615
52 Finance and insurance 94,380 37,300 57,075
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 36,620 21,370 15,255
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 178,740 102,515 76,220
55 Management of companies and enterprises 2,280 1,240 1,040
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 86,545 50,320 36,230
61 Educational services 153,030 51,430 101,600
62 Health care and social assistance 232,200 47,925 184,270
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 42,125 22,130 19,995
72 Accommodation and food services 121,235 61,765 59,470
81 Other services (except public administration) 87,870 38,840 49,030
91 Public administration 102,200 51,135 51,070
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 2,056,135 1,064,780 991,355
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 125,885 63,310 62,575
Worked in 2010 1,930,250 1,001,470 928,785
1 to 13 weeks 93,645 44,635 49,015
14 to 26 weeks 142,895 71,355 71,545
27 to 39 weeks 120,440 62,565 57,870
40 to 48 weeks 369,290 188,885 180,405
49 to 52 weeks 1,203,985 634,030 569,950
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.1 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 2,056,135 1,064,780 991,355
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 125,885 63,315 62,570
Worked in 2010 1,930,255 1,001,465 928,785
Worked full-time in 2010 1,560,345 860,480 699,860
Worked part-time in 2010 369,910 140,985 228,920
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 1,897,615 978,670 918,945
Worked at home 112,635 58,590 54,040
Worked outside Canada 5,620 3,830 1,790
No fixed workplace address 161,315 117,955 43,365
Worked at usual place 1,618,045 798,295 819,750
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 1,779,360 916,250 863,115
Car, truck or van - as a driver 1,181,980 660,805 521,175
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 60,150 20,395 39,760
Public transit 395,685 166,000 229,685
Walked 95,160 41,280 53,880
Bicycle 31,075 19,805 11,270
Other methods 15,310 7,970 7,345
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 1,779,365 916,250 863,115
Median commuting duration 25.9 30.1 25.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 1,779,360 916,250 863,115
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 453,430 289,350 164,080
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 966,565 434,975 531,590
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 359,370 191,930 167,440
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 1,613,290 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 1,499,465 ... ...
Major repairs needed 113,825 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 1,613,290 ... ...
1960 or before 459,290 ... ...
1961 to 1980 538,810 ... ...
1981 to 1990 248,065 ... ...
1991 to 2000 156,450 ... ...
2001 to 2005 102,085 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 108,590 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 1,613,290 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 653,280 ... ...
5 rooms 287,600 ... ...
6 rooms 176,905 ... ...
7 rooms 165,395 ... ...
8 or more rooms 330,115 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 1,613,290 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 347,620 ... ...
2 bedrooms 510,025 ... ...
3 bedrooms 510,255 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 245,385 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 1,613,290 ... ...
Owner 887,040 ... ...
Renter 726,250 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 1,613,290 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 212,880 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 1,400,410 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 1,613,290 ... ...
1 household maintainer 1,022,935 ... ...
2 household maintainers 563,690 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 26,665 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 1,613,290 ... ...
Under 25 years 61,185 ... ...
25 to 34 years 260,645 ... ...
35 to 44 years 306,245 ... ...
45 to 54 years 355,935 ... ...
55 to 64 years 287,330 ... ...
65 to 74 years 190,290 ... ...
75 years and over 151,660 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 1,613,290 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 1,581,150 ... ...
More than one person per room 32,140 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 1,613,290 ... ...
Suitable 1,503,215 ... ...
Not suitable 110,080 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 1,607,630 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 1,163,775 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 443,855 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 363,045 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 885,955 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,041 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,107 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 275,723 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 320,696 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 726,100 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 694 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 743 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 3,120,055 1,512,355 1,607,705
Without income 157,930 69,645 88,285
With income 2,962,125 1,442,710 1,519,415
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 276,665 141,905 134,755
$5,000 to $9,999 241,020 94,895 146,125
$10,000 to $14,999 307,690 120,845 186,845
$15,000 to $19,999 294,300 118,305 175,990
$20,000 to $29,999 426,910 189,805 237,105
$30,000 to $39,999 387,040 184,720 202,315
$40,000 to $49,999 300,675 148,045 152,630
$50,000 to $59,999 215,460 116,835 98,620
$60,000 to $79,999 259,110 152,075 107,035
$80,000 to $99,999 112,480 73,355 39,125
$100,000 and over 140,780 101,910 38,870
$100,000 to $124,999 62,895 43,980 18,920
$125,000 and over 77,885 57,930 19,950
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,306 32,887 24,361
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,281 44,800 32,090
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 3,120,055 1,512,355 1,607,705
Without after-tax income 157,870 69,715 88,155
With after-tax income 2,962,190 1,442,635 1,519,555
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 284,255 143,630 140,620
$5,000 to $9,999 246,615 95,615 151,000
$10,000 to $14,999 313,025 124,065 188,960
$15,000 to $19,999 324,965 133,930 191,035
$20,000 to $29,999 527,470 242,165 285,305
$30,000 to $39,999 464,560 228,630 235,935
$40,000 to $49,999 320,550 169,770 150,785
$50,000 to $59,999 197,120 112,935 84,180
$60,000 to $79,999 167,695 107,340 60,350
$80,000 to $99,999 55,580 39,080 16,505
$100,000 and over 60,355 45,475 14,880
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,806 29,284 22,746
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,454 35,841 27,290
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.6 90.7 81.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.7 76.9 69.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 68.4 70.9 65.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.3 6.0 4.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.6 5.0 4.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.6 7.0 6.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.8 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.4 9.3 18.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.4 2.9 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.3 4.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.0 1.6 2.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.2 4.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.5 2.3 2.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.8 20.0 15.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.2 80.0 85.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.2 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 1,037,725 569,820 467,910
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 44,052 48,539 39,777
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 53,817 60,303 45,918
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 1,036,490 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,794 ... ...
Average family income ($) 87,736 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,456 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,830 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 367,155 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,559 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,140 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,587 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,625 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 459,500 ... ...
Median family income ($) 90,630 ... ...
Average family income ($) 107,359 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 77,670 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,246 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 175,520 ... ...
Median family income ($) 45,028 ... ...
Average family income ($) 54,123 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,881 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,051 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 665,855 318,860 346,990
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 25,622 27,654 23,986
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,723 35,721 31,886
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,667 24,966 22,657
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,118 29,258 27,070
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 3,752,475 1,835,455 1,917,025
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 2,109,830 1,004,680 1,105,150
In bottom decile 442,190 217,420 224,775
In second decile 418,100 183,060 235,040
In third decile 430,970 205,425 225,545
In fourth decile 416,090 201,365 214,730
In fifth decile 402,470 197,410 205,060
In top half of the Canadian distribution 1,642,645 830,770 811,875
In sixth decile 385,300 191,715 193,580
In seventh decile 367,035 184,820 182,215
In eighth decile 334,335 169,240 165,095
In ninth decile 289,770 148,000 141,770
In top decile 266,210 136,985 129,220
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 1,613,290 ... ...
Under $5,000 53,940 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 44,510 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 72,695 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 98,060 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 160,305 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 171,455 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 159,765 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 138,110 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 220,160 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 159,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 131,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 76,950 ... ...
$150,000 and over 126,325 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 1,613,290 ... ...
Under $5,000 55,270 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 44,705 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 73,815 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 104,780 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 190,480 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 204,065 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 191,405 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 156,375 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 236,575 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 148,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 207,040 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 102,045 ... ...
$125,000 and over 104,995 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 1,613,290 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 53,024 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 70,286 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 46,775 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 57,754 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 523,450 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 28,242 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 36,329 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,611 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,086 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 1,089,840 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,922 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 86,596 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,846 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,043 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 3,752,470 1,835,450 1,917,020
Less than 18 years 774,055 395,860 378,195
Less than 6 years 265,485 135,430 130,055
18 to 64 years 2,473,465 1,218,085 1,255,380
65 years and over 504,950 221,505 283,445
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 672,525 312,775 359,745
Less than 18 years 144,515 73,375 71,145
Less than 6 years 52,840 26,790 26,045
18 to 64 years 435,275 209,605 225,675
65 years and over 92,730 29,810 62,925
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.9 17.0 18.8
Less than 18 years (%) 18.7 18.5 18.8
Less than 6 years (%) 19.9 19.8 20.0
18 to 64 years (%) 17.6 17.2 18.0
65 years and over (%) 18.4 13.5 22.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montréal, CMA, Quebec (Code 462) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Montréal, CMA, Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 19.7%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Montréal, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 3,824,221  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 3,635,556A†  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,696,210 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,613,260 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 898.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 4,258.31 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 3,824,220 1,861,520 1,962,700
0 to 4 years 222,225 113,520 108,700
5 to 9 years 201,655 102,255 99,395
10 to 14 years 208,290 106,470 101,825
15 to 19 years 242,600 122,930 119,665
15 years 46,445 23,715 22,735
16 years 47,330 23,970 23,360
17 years 47,950 24,460 23,485
18 years 49,395 25,010 24,385
19 years 51,475 25,775 25,700
20 to 24 years 250,890 125,260 125,630
25 to 29 years 256,520 126,530 129,990
30 to 34 years 276,950 136,060 140,885
35 to 39 years 266,295 132,355 133,940
40 to 44 years 273,535 137,000 136,535
45 to 49 years 302,160 151,420 150,745
50 to 54 years 295,365 145,825 149,540
55 to 59 years 250,495 121,475 129,020
60 to 64 years 217,405 103,455 113,950
65 to 69 years 170,995 79,885 91,115
70 to 74 years 129,760 58,375 71,390
75 to 79 years 106,620 45,895 60,720
80 to 84 years 81,755 31,810 49,945
85 years and over 70,715 21,000 49,715
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.7 38.7 40.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.5 82.7 84.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 3,192,055 1,539,275 1,652,785
Married or living with a common-law partner 1,728,495 866,800 861,690
Married (and not separated) 1,174,405 587,860 586,540
Living common law 554,085 278,935 275,150
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,463,565 672,475 791,090
Single (never legally married) 1,002,695 530,050 472,645
Separated 57,625 24,045 33,580
Divorced 228,245 85,130 143,120
Widowed 174,995 33,250 141,740
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 1,034,500 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 504,465 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 235,285 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 209,915 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 84,835 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 1,034,500 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 844,955 ... ...
Married couples 568,255 ... ...
Without children at home 249,535 ... ...
With children at home 318,720 ... ...
1 child 120,220 ... ...
2 children 136,870 ... ...
3 or more children 61,625 ... ...
Common-law couples 276,705 ... ...
Without children at home 137,980 ... ...
With children at home 138,730 ... ...
1 child 60,260 ... ...
2 children 59,350 ... ...
3 or more children 19,115 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 189,540 ... ...
Female parent 148,700 ... ...
1 child 90,110 ... ...
2 children 43,615 ... ...
3 or more children 14,975 ... ...
Male parent 40,845 ... ...
1 child 26,840 ... ...
2 children 11,185 ... ...
3 or more children 2,815 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 1,127,105 ... ...
Under six years of age 262,900 ... ...
6 to 14 years 365,155 ... ...
15 to 17 years 138,260 ... ...
18 to 24 years 237,060 ... ...
25 years and over 123,730 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 3,752,460 1,833,900 1,918,555
Number of persons not in census families 745,900 352,880 393,020
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 81,095 34,285 46,810
Living with non-relatives only 139,370 79,375 59,995
Living alone 525,435 239,220 286,215
Number of census family persons 3,006,560 1,481,025 1,525,535
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 506,350 221,725 284,630
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 192,980 53,940 139,040
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 24,650 5,635 19,020
Living with non-relatives only 11,550 5,575 5,975
Living alone 156,780 42,730 114,050
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 313,370 167,785 145,585
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 1,613,260 ... ...
Census-family households 1,017,170 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 947,275 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 787,450 ... ...
Without children 361,170 ... ...
With children 426,280 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 159,825 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 69,900 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 53,165 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 34,380 ... ...
Without children 13,570 ... ...
With children 20,810 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 18,785 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 16,735 ... ...
Non-census-family households 596,085 ... ...
One-person households 525,435 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 70,650 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 1,613,260 ... ...
Single-detached house 525,830 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 135,905 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 3,485 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 948,040 ... ...
Semi-detached house 80,320 ... ...
Row house 52,290 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 144,345 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 665,305 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5,780 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 1,613,260 ... ...
1 person 525,435 ... ...
2 persons 517,795 ... ...
3 persons 246,160 ... ...
4 persons 215,980 ... ...
5 persons 75,405 ... ...
6 or more persons 32,485 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,752,460 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,785,915 1,845,570 1,940,345
  Single responses  3,667,620 1,786,580 1,881,045
    English  439,845 218,065 221,785
    French  2,395,525 1,161,290 1,234,235
    Non-official languages  832,245 407,220 425,025
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 535 180 355
        Atikamekw    25 5 20
        Cree, n.o.s.  205 85 115
        Dene  0 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  55 15 35
        Inuktitut  225 60 165
        Mi'kmaq  20 10 15
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 823,845 403,005 420,840
        African languages, n.i.e 720 410 310
        Afrikaans  75 40 35
        Akan (Twi)  1,120 550 570
        Albanian  2,110 1,090 1,020
        Amharic  615 300 315
        Arabic  126,865 67,530 59,335
        Armenian  14,800 7,215 7,585
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,255 650 605
        Bengali  10,240 5,220 5,025
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5,225 2,840 2,385
        Bisayan languages  880 270 610
        Bosnian  405 200 210
        Bulgarian  5,975 2,910 3,060
        Burmese  50 25 30
        Cantonese  10,515 4,965 5,550
        Chinese, n.o.s.  39,095 18,515 20,580
        Creoles  47,665 21,100 26,570
        Croatian  1,875 960 915
        Czech  1,320 615 705
        Danish  250 115 135
        Dutch  2,115 1,060 1,055
        Estonian  170 65 105
        Finnish  335 120 220
        Flemish  335 135 195
        Fukien  70 30 45
        German  10,155 4,565 5,590
        Greek  38,860 19,510 19,355
        Gujarati  5,895 2,885 3,005
        Hakka  100 40 60
        Hebrew  3,895 2,060 1,835
        Hindi  2,635 1,375 1,260
        Hungarian  6,005 2,870 3,140
        Ilocano  1,680 605 1,070
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 450 270 185
        Italian  110,125 54,285 55,835
        Japanese  1,805 560 1,245
        Khmer (Cambodian)  7,745 3,625 4,115
        Korean  3,870 1,705 2,160
        Kurdish  670 365 305
        Lao  3,555 1,725 1,835
        Latvian  275 95 180
        Lingala  1,740 820 925
        Lithuanian  570 235 330
        Macedonian  175 90 85
        Malay  555 230 325
        Malayalam  290 155 140
        Maltese  20 5 15
        Mandarin  10,180 4,665 5,515
        Marathi  150 90 60
        Nepali  345 160 185
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 3,745 1,990 1,760
        Norwegian  220 110 110
        Oromo  6,390 3,490 2,900
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  11,025 5,915 5,105
        Pashto  960 525 435
        Persian (Farsi)  17,895 9,340 8,560
        Polish  13,530 5,905 7,630
        Portuguese  29,225 14,035 15,190
        Romanian  28,975 13,990 14,990
        Rundi (Kirundi)  1,300 635 670
        Russian  22,480 10,095 12,385
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  1,280 565 715
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 125 60 60
        Serbian  1,735 850 885
        Serbo-Croatian  675 335 340
        Shanghainese  90 40 50
        Sign languages, n.i.e 285 155 125
        Sindhi  295 140 155
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  570 300 265
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 65 40 25
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 265 140 125
        Slovak  1,020 440 585
        Slovenian  770 335 435
        Somali  665 335 325
        Spanish  111,070 54,395 56,670
        Swahili  975 485 490
        Swedish  435 210 225
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  13,280 4,550 8,730
        Taiwanese  395 185 210
        Tamil  13,145 6,595 6,550
        Telugu  350 195 155
        Thai  525 145 380
        Tibetan languages  95 55 40
        Tigrigna  310 140 165
        Turkish  6,370 3,285 3,085
        Ukrainian  4,365 1,885 2,480
        Urdu  9,615 5,005 4,610
        Vietnamese  24,610 11,725 12,880
        Yiddish  8,910 4,445 4,460
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 7,870 4,040 3,825
  Multiple responses          118,290 58,990 59,305
    English and French  40,400 20,205 20,190
    English and non-official language  21,450 10,460 10,985
    French and non-official language  44,685 22,165 22,525
    English, French and non-official language 11,755 6,160 5,595
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,785,915 1,845,570 1,940,345
  English only 280,785 138,010 142,775
  French only 1,401,455 626,035 775,425
  English and French 2,039,040 1,056,095 982,945
  Neither English nor French 64,640 25,430 39,205
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,785,915 1,845,570 1,940,345
  English 739,485 367,370 372,115
  French 2,767,210 1,339,785 1,427,430
  English and French 216,745 114,035 102,710
  Neither English nor French 62,470 24,385 38,090
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 847,860 424,390 423,475
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 22.4 23.0 21.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,785,915 1,845,570 1,940,345
  Single responses 3,581,800 1,744,820 1,836,985
    English 606,910 299,450 307,455
    French 2,502,410 1,217,800 1,284,605
    Non-official languages 472,485 227,560 244,920
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 195 75 125
        Atikamekw   10 5 10
        Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 30 10 15
        Inuktitut 70 25 50
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 469,410 226,055 243,360
        African languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95
        Afrikaans 25 10 10
        Akan (Twi) 560 255 310
        Albanian 1,325 670 655
        Amharic 325 150 180
        Arabic 66,910 34,230 32,680
        Armenian 10,870 5,145 5,720
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 225 110 125
        Bengali 8,155 4,050 4,100
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,780 935 840
        Bisayan languages 230 95 135
        Bosnian 265 135 125
        Bulgarian 4,590 2,260 2,330
        Burmese 25 10 15
        Cantonese 8,120 3,870 4,245
        Chinese, n.o.s. 31,905 15,280 16,630
        Creoles 19,000 8,095 10,905
        Croatian 790 375 415
        Czech 415 195 220
        Danish 30 15 15
        Dutch 325 155 170
        Estonian 25 15 15
        Finnish 60 20 35
        Flemish 60 25 35
        Fukien 15 5 10
        German 1,830 840 990
        Greek 19,750 9,530 10,225
        Gujarati 3,930 1,895 2,040
        Hakka 20 5 15
        Hebrew 1,705 875 835
        Hindi 1,400 700 700
        Hungarian 2,240 995 1,245
        Ilocano 585 225 360
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105
        Italian 38,855 17,585 21,280
        Japanese 760 330 430
        Khmer (Cambodian) 4,880 2,260 2,625
        Korean 2,840 1,305 1,525
        Kurdish 310 155 150
        Lao 2,100 1,010 1,090
        Latvian 85 30 50
        Lingala 450 205 245
        Lithuanian 145 55 90
        Macedonian 110 55 50
        Malay 215 105 105
        Malayalam 75 35 35
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 8,525 4,090 4,435
        Marathi 65 40 25
        Nepali 285 135 150
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 855 410 445
        Norwegian 40 20 20
        Oromo 1,935 1,025 910
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 8,270 4,375 3,895
        Pashto 775 405 365
        Persian (Farsi) 12,990 6,425 6,560
        Polish 6,365 2,885 3,485
        Portuguese 13,875 6,575 7,300
        Romanian 21,380 10,475 10,910
        Rundi (Kirundi) 365 165 200
        Russian 17,550 8,310 9,240
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 295 140 150
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
        Serbian 1,035 495 540
        Serbo-Croatian 310 145 165
        Shanghainese 30 10 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 525 330 195
        Sindhi 165 80 85
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 320 160 160
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 65
        Slovak 220 100 120
        Slovenian 280 115 160
        Somali 410 200 215
        Spanish 74,755 36,280 38,470
        Swahili 270 125 140
        Swedish 100 45 50
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,210 2,775 4,440
        Taiwanese 220 115 100
        Tamil 11,225 5,565 5,670
        Telugu 215 115 100
        Thai 160 75 85
        Tibetan languages 70 35 30
        Tigrigna 160 70 85
        Turkish 4,675 2,320 2,360
        Ukrainian 1,800 775 1,025
        Urdu 7,030 3,550 3,485
        Vietnamese 19,555 9,285 10,270
        Yiddish 6,155 3,165 2,990
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,870 1,435 1,440
  Multiple responses         204,120 100,755 103,365
    English and French 48,610 24,475 24,135
    English and non-official language 41,050 19,960 21,095
    French and non-official language 87,330 42,320 45,010
    English, French and non-official language 27,120 13,995 13,125
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,785,915 1,845,570 1,940,345
  None 2,955,830 1,434,280 1,521,550
  Single responses  761,210 376,665 384,550
    English  276,640 139,560 137,075
    French  230,990 113,850 117,145
    Non-official languages  253,580 123,255 130,325
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 235 85 150
        Atikamekw    10 5 10
        Cree, n.o.s.  80 40 45
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  20 10 10
        Inuktitut  90 25 70
        Mi'kmaq  25 5 15
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 248,955 120,965 127,990
        African languages, n.i.e 470 250 220
        Afrikaans  45 25 20
        Akan (Twi)  465 240 225
        Albanian  335 165 170
        Amharic  175 85 90
        Arabic  44,685 23,760 20,920
        Armenian  2,440 1,210 1,225
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 745 370 370
        Bengali  1,110 620 490
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  1,825 955 870
        Bisayan languages  240 80 160
        Bosnian  80 30 45
        Bulgarian  740 340 405
        Burmese  15 5 10
        Cantonese  1,755 865 890
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,055 2,325 2,730
        Creoles  33,300 14,930 18,370
        Croatian  485 220 260
        Czech  350 155 190
        Danish  110 45 65
        Dutch  630 290 340
        Estonian  55 20 30
        Finnish  105 45 60
        Flemish  55 20 40
        Fukien  25 10 15
        German  4,130 1,870 2,260
        Greek  14,145 7,120 7,030
        Gujarati  1,175 595 580
        Hakka  50 25 25
        Hebrew  2,935 1,455 1,485
        Hindi  1,790 945 850
        Hungarian  1,425 640 790
        Ilocano  505 180 325
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 185 100 85
        Italian  37,515 18,415 19,100
        Japanese  845 350 495
        Khmer (Cambodian)  2,010 925 1,085
        Korean  600 265 335
        Kurdish  205 105 100
        Lao  930 450 480
        Latvian  70 25 50
        Lingala  2,255 1,090 1,165
        Lithuanian  160 55 105
        Macedonian  35 20 20
        Malay  195 90 110
        Malayalam  130 65 70
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  1,670 715 960
        Marathi  55 30 25
        Nepali  20 10 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 2,225 1,095 1,130
        Norwegian  90 45 45
        Oromo  2,215 1,145 1,065
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,715 940 775
        Pashto  80 50 30
        Persian (Farsi)  2,635 1,455 1,180
        Polish  3,015 1,215 1,795
        Portuguese  8,350 3,990 4,360
        Romanian  4,050 1,865 2,185
        Rundi (Kirundi)  655 320 345
        Russian  4,080 1,865 2,215
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  575 250 325
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Serbian  365 180 180
        Serbo-Croatian  135 65 70
        Shanghainese  45 20 30
        Sign languages, n.i.e 215 95 120
        Sindhi  110 50 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  175 95 80
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 70 35 35
        Slovak  280 125 155
        Slovenian  205 85 115
        Somali  195 100 90
        Spanish  31,140 15,250 15,890
        Swahili  710 325 385
        Swedish  265 135 135
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,700 1,505 3,190
        Taiwanese  135 65 70
        Tamil  1,495 785 710
        Telugu  70 50 30
        Thai  235 75 155
        Tibetan languages  25 15 5
        Tigrigna  75 40 40
        Turkish  1,125 590 530
        Ukrainian  1,125 475 650
        Urdu  2,135 1,160 975
        Vietnamese  4,155 2,010 2,145
        Yiddish  1,675 765 910
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 4,390 2,205 2,190
  Multiple responses          68,875 34,630 34,245
    English and French  28,020 14,400 13,620
    English and non-official language  19,670 9,825 9,850
    French and non-official language  20,300 9,955 10,345
    English, French and non-official language  885 450 435

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

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Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

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Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montréal, CMA, Quebec (Code 462) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Montréal, CMA, Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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