NHS Profile, Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 310,825 152,320 158,505
Canadian citizens 300,840 147,510 153,335
Canadian citizens aged under 18 65,945 34,000 31,940
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 234,900 113,505 121,395
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 9,985 4,810 5,175
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 310,830 152,325 158,505
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 278,770 136,610 142,160
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 30,890 15,135 15,755
Before 1971 2,750 1,495 1,255
1971 to 1980 3,295 1,710 1,585
1981 to 1990 3,715 1,905 1,810
1991 to 2000 7,200 3,350 3,855
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 13,935 6,680 7,250
2001 to 2005 6,175 2,920 3,245
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,765 3,755 4,005
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,165 575 590
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 30,890 15,135 15,755
Under 5 years 4,030 1,895 2,135
5 to 14 years 5,420 2,915 2,505
15 to 24 years 5,790 2,560 3,230
25 to 44 years 13,700 6,850 6,855
45 years and over 1,950 920 1,030
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 310,830 152,320 158,505
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 278,775 136,610 142,160
Born in province of residence 205,670 100,885 104,785
Born outside province of residence 73,105 35,720 37,380
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 30,890 15,140 15,755
Americas 6,815 3,090 3,730
United States 865 380 485
Jamaica 95 50 45
Guyana 50 30 15
Haiti 1,495 605 890
Mexico 665 265 400
Trinidad and Tobago 65 25 35
Colombia 1,240 590 650
El Salvador 390 175 210
Peru 265 110 160
Chile 120 55 65
Other places of birth in Americas 1,570 800 770
Europe 9,335 4,780 4,555
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 845 460 385
Italy 265 160 110
Germany 595 280 315
Poland 290 130 160
Portugal 1,375 730 650
Netherlands 205 105 100
France 1,970 1,055 915
Romania 785 375 405
Russian Federation 235 75 160
Greece 60 45 0
Ukraine 115 40 80
Croatia 255 155 105
Hungary 85 55 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 835 430 405
Serbia 145 95 50
Ireland, Republic of 100 40 60
Other places of birth in Europe 1,170 560 610
Africa 7,660 3,885 3,780
Morocco 1,235 630 610
Algeria 960 535 430
Egypt 195 105 90
South Africa, Republic of 95 50 45
Nigeria 95 45 55
Ethiopia 60 25 30
Kenya 100 40 60
Other places of birth in Africa 4,925 2,455 2,470
Asia 7,025 3,365 3,655
India 140 70 70
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,390 495 890
Philippines 320 125 190
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 40 25 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 460 260 200
Pakistan 60 35 35
Sri Lanka 110 65 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 365 200 170
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 130 55 70
Lebanon 2,315 1,200 1,120
Taiwan 65 20 45
Iraq 370 205 165
Bangladesh 75 40 35
Afghanistan 35 20 20
Japan 50 0 40
Turkey 160 115 50
Other places of birth in Asia 935 435 505
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 20 35
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 55 20 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,165 575 590
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 7,765 3,755 4,005
Americas 2,130 955 1,170
United States 120 60 60
Mexico 220 100 120
Cuba 60 0 45
Haiti 510 190 320
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 170 75 95
Colombia 670 295 375
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 50 20 30
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 15
Other places of birth in Americas 290 175 115
Europe 1,065 560 505
France 385 230 155
Germany 50 30 25
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 160 90 70
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 60 30 25
Russian Federation 55 10 40
Ukraine 35 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 50 35 15
Other places of birth in Europe 270 120 150
Africa 3,120 1,565 1,555
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 25 0 20
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 295 130 170
Egypt 30 0 0
Morocco 560 260 300
Tunisia 170 130 40
Cameroon 195 85 105
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 430 235 195
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,400 695 705
Asia 1,425 660 765
Philippines 85 45 40
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 295 105 185
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 105 60 40
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 0 20
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 145 80 70
Bangladesh 30 0 0
Lebanon 355 155 205
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 20 20 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 30 20 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 20 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 25 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 155 50 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 310,825 152,325 158,510
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 32,875 16,190 16,685
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 23,660 11,970 11,685
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 254,295 124,160 130,140
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 310,830 152,325 158,505
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 27,645 13,620 14,020
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 900 465 435
Chinese 2,145 930 1,215
Black 10,310 4,795 5,515
Filipino 425 190 235
Latin American 3,910 1,895 2,020
Arab 6,545 3,630 2,920
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,350 705 645
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 605 310 300
Korean 220 90 130
Japanese 310 195 120
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 340 160 180
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 580 270 310
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 283,190 138,700 144,485
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 310,825 152,325 158,505
North American Aboriginal origins 24,265 11,535 12,725
First Nations (North American Indian) 19,755 9,290 10,465
Inuit 290 130 165
Métis 4,695 2,365 2,330
Other North American origins 192,970 94,455 98,515
Acadian 1,475 660 820
American 2,350 1,085 1,265
Canadian 187,785 91,755 96,030
New Brunswicker 35 0 25
Newfoundlander 65 55 15
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 200 120 80
Québécois 4,130 2,150 1,980
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 45 20 20
European origins 156,875 77,320 79,550
British Isles origins 51,950 25,115 26,835
Channel Islander 45 25 25
Cornish 0 0 0
English 20,415 9,765 10,645
Irish 30,065 14,255 15,810
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 14,455 7,045 7,405
Welsh 1,040 490 555
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,900 895 1,010
French origins 110,725 54,615 56,105
Alsatian 55 0 45
Breton 625 325 300
French 110,205 54,350 55,855
Western European origins (except French origins) 15,175 7,175 8,000
Austrian 650 310 335
Belgian 2,240 985 1,250
Dutch 2,210 1,085 1,130
Flemish 95 60 35
Frisian 0 0 0
German 10,010 4,685 5,325
Luxembourger 30 0 0
Swiss 860 405 450
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 20 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,880 930 945
Danish 335 175 160
Finnish 195 80 120
Icelandic 75 25 50
Norwegian 690 395 295
Swedish 595 255 350
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 45 50
Eastern European origins 7,670 3,785 3,885
Bulgarian 315 145 175
Byelorussian 65 25 45
Czech 255 155 100
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 80 45 35
Estonian 40 20 0
Hungarian 775 425 350
Latvian 45 0 30
Lithuanian 170 110 70
Moldovan 40 25 0
Polish 2,715 1,350 1,360
Romanian 1,100 505 595
Russian 1,080 490 585
Slovak 155 70 90
Ukrainian 1,730 835 895
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 35 30 0
Southern European origins 15,325 7,695 7,630
Albanian 95 45 50
Bosnian 515 225 285
Croatian 470 310 160
Cypriot 15 0 10
Greek 780 385 400
Italian 6,115 2,885 3,235
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 0 0
Maltese 15 0 0
Montenegrin 30 0 0
Portuguese 3,935 2,085 1,850
Serbian 790 435 355
Sicilian 95 20 75
Slovenian 75 40 35
Spanish 2,815 1,355 1,455
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 385 195 190
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 55 50 0
Other European origins 1,065 635 430
Basque 155 75 80
Jewish 730 445 285
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 175 105 65
Caribbean origins 3,735 1,715 2,020
Antiguan 25 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 60 40 20
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 170 85 85
Dominican 185 90 95
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 2,625 1,180 1,440
Jamaican 355 180 170
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 45 30 15
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 40 20 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 180 60 120
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 115 35 80
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 80 35 40
Latin, Central and South American origins 5,175 2,495 2,680
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 205 90 120
Argentinian 205 90 115
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 20 0 0
Brazilian 280 130 155
Chilean 175 130 50
Colombian 1,365 670 700
Costa Rican 35 0 25
Ecuadorian 75 30 40
Guatemalan 105 45 60
Guyanese 95 50 40
Hispanic 105 0 65
Honduran 75 45 30
Maya 15 0 0
Mexican 1,000 490 510
Nicaraguan 170 60 110
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 10 0 0
Peruvian 355 155 200
Salvadorean 615 350 265
Uruguayan 15 0 0
Venezuelan 300 150 150
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 195 95 105
African origins 11,265 5,640 5,625
Central and West African origins 4,075 1,940 2,140
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 35 35 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 170 105 70
Burkinabe 180 70 105
Cameroonian 500 230 270
Chadian 110 55 55
Congolese 1,430 630 800
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 175 65 110
Guinean 280 120 160
Ibo 35 0 0
Ivorian 330 135 190
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 90 65 25
Nigerian 170 95 65
Peulh 105 65 45
Senegalese 180 105 80
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 290 160 135
Yoruba 15 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 290 170 120
North African origins 3,650 2,040 1,610
Algerian 775 430 350
Berber 580 345 235
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 475 260 215
Libyan 80 55 30
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,430 730 700
Sudanese 45 30 0
Tunisian 340 240 95
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 25 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,160 940 1,215
Afrikaner 45 30 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 55 30 20
Burundian 750 325 425
Eritrean 45 0 40
Ethiopian 75 40 35
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 25 0 15
Malagasy 105 40 60
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 685 305 385
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 125 45 80
South African 105 55 55
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 45 0 30
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 0 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 125 50 75
Other African origins 1,555 840 720
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 95 30 65
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,540 830 715
Asian origins 13,875 7,010 6,865
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 7,860 4,170 3,695
Afghan 60 35 25
Arab, n.o.s. 1,330 725 610
Armenian 240 130 105
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 510 255 255
Iraqi 310 145 165
Israeli 35 0 0
Jordanian 105 65 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 115 75 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 4,530 2,375 2,155
Palestinian 235 110 125
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 375 230 150
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 290 170 125
Uighur 50 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 20 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 15 40
South Asian origins 1,295 680 615
Bangladeshi 105 55 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 825 450 385
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 115 40 75
Punjabi 25 0 25
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 60 40 20
Tamil 155 0 70
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,825 2,235 2,590
Burmese 60 20 40
Cambodian (Khmer) 215 65 150
Chinese 2,490 1,055 1,440
Filipino 450 175 275
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 60 25 35
Japanese 385 260 130
Korean 235 105 135
Laotian 165 65 95
Malaysian 35 0 25
Mongolian 65 0 30
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 60 0 45
Thai 160 65 90
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 785 480 310
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 65 35 30
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 60 35 30
Oceania origins 150 80 70
Australian 90 40 55
New Zealander 40 25 15
Pacific Islands origins 20 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 310,830 152,320 158,505
Buddhist 1,125 525 600
Christian 249,765 119,790 129,970
Anglican 2,980 1,345 1,635
Baptist 1,950 895 1,055
Catholic 224,985 108,095 116,885
Christian Orthodox 3,030 1,560 1,465
Lutheran 660 320 340
Pentecostal 1,940 980 960
Presbyterian 630 320 305
United Church 2,845 1,255 1,590
Other Christian 10,765 5,025 5,735
Hindu 300 175 125
Jewish 325 185 140
Muslim 7,290 3,915 3,375
Sikh 20 0 25
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 60 15 40
Other religions 865 420 450
No religious affiliation 51,075 27,285 23,785
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 310,825 152,325 158,505
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 11,365 5,650 5,715
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,440 2,665 2,775
Métis single identity 5,400 2,770 2,630
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 125 30 100
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 115 70 50
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 285 120 165
Non-Aboriginal identity 299,460 146,670 152,790
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 310,830 152,325 158,505
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,395 1,170 1,225
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 308,430 151,145 157,280
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 310,830 152,320 158,505
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 24,260 11,535 12,725
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 19,755 9,290 10,465
Métis ancestry 4,695 2,360 2,325
Inuit ancestry 290 130 165
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 286,565 140,785 145,780
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 43,760 20,530 23,230
Aboriginal languages 140 50 95
Algonquin 20 0 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 80 30 55
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,635 20,485 23,150
Italian 1,680 845 835
Portuguese 3,425 1,680 1,745
Romanian 920 435 480
Spanish 14,990 6,165 8,825
Dutch 415 210 205
Flemish 45 30 0
German 1,945 925 1,020
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 60 25 40
Norwegian 55 0 25
Swedish 80 30 50
Afrikaans 80 50 35
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 210 105 105
Bulgarian 185 55 130
Croatian 345 220 130
Czech 115 60 55
Macedonian 20 15 0
Polish 555 270 290
Russian 915 435 475
Serbian 635 335 300
Serbo-Croatian 375 205 175
Slovak 30 0 0
Slovenian 10 10 0
Ukrainian 80 10 65
Latvian 25 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 225 130 100
Armenian 40 15 20
Albanian 65 25 45
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 45 30 0
Hungarian 150 80 70
Turkish 245 145 100
Berber languages (Kabyle) 130 55 80
Oromo 190 90 105
Somali 175 70 105
Amharic 65 25 40
Arabic 7,785 4,220 3,565
Hebrew 45 25 25
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 35 0 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 135 85 50
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 130 55 75
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 65 0 50
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 115 60 55
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 180 125 50
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 465 245 225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 205 125 75
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 385 195 190
Korean 175 75 95
Cantonese 175 70 105
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 570 265 305
Taiwanese 50 0 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,115 585 530
Lao 145 65 80
Thai 115 45 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 60 85
Vietnamese 550 290 260
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 35 0 25
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 300 95 200
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25
Lingala 440 205 235
Rundi (Kirundi) 560 260 300
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 535 195 340
Swahili 1,150 545 600
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 430 240 190
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 730 330 400
African languages, n.i.e. 205 85 120
Creoles 1,910 775 1,140
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,430 760 665
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 306,710 150,200 156,500
Non-movers 263,465 128,640 134,820
Movers 43,245 21,565 21,680
Non-migrants 28,430 14,375 14,060
Migrants 14,810 7,190 7,620
Internal migrants 12,800 6,175 6,625
Intraprovincial migrants 8,305 4,080 4,225
Interprovincial migrants 4,490 2,095 2,400
External migrants 2,010 1,015 1,000
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 291,280 142,270 149,005
Non-movers 169,105 82,265 86,835
Movers 122,170 60,005 62,165
Non-migrants 74,645 36,640 38,005
Migrants 47,520 23,360 24,165
Internal migrants 40,065 19,835 20,230
Intraprovincial migrants 27,485 13,630 13,855
Interprovincial migrants 12,575 6,205 6,375
External migrants 7,465 3,525 3,930
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 255,480 123,960 131,520
No certificate, diploma or degree 53,510 27,760 25,755
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 55,935 25,485 30,455
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 146,030 70,715 75,310
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 33,090 19,330 13,760
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 44,625 20,725 23,900
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 11,015 4,565 6,455
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 57,300 26,095 31,200
Bachelor's degree 35,020 14,670 20,350
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 22,280 11,425 10,850
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 180,325 87,810 92,515
No certificate, diploma or degree 24,435 13,785 10,650
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 36,430 16,670 19,765
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 119,455 57,355 62,105
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 26,245 15,180 11,070
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 34,070 16,005 18,060
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 8,530 3,500 5,030
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 50,615 22,670 27,945
Bachelor's degree 30,990 13,015 17,970
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 19,630 9,655 9,970
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 255,480 123,965 131,515
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 109,450 53,250 56,200
Education 10,710 2,805 7,900
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,810 2,500 2,300
Humanities 9,665 4,155 5,505
Social and behavioural sciences and law 18,960 7,455 11,505
Business, management and public administration 35,840 12,100 23,745
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,920 2,800 2,120
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 8,485 5,945 2,545
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 25,060 23,220 1,850
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,370 1,530 840
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 15,895 3,065 12,835
Personal, protective and transportation services 9,285 5,130 4,155
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 30 0 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 255,480 123,965 131,515
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 109,450 53,250 56,205
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 146,030 70,715 75,315
Location of study inside Canada 135,360 65,315 70,045
Same as province or territory of residence 88,930 42,215 46,715
Another province or territory 46,440 23,100 23,330
Location of study outside Canada 10,665 5,400 5,270
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 189,285 96,270 93,015
Single responses 173,550 88,165 85,385
English 59,460 32,360 27,095
French 113,570 55,505 58,065
Non-official languages 525 295 230
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 45 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 185 125 60
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 20 0 0
Portuguese 70 30 40
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 180 75 100
Multiple responses 15,730 8,105 7,625
English and French 15,240 7,845 7,395
English and non-official language 255 165 95
French and non-official language 65 0 50
English, French and non-official language 165 85 80
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 189,285 96,265 93,015
English 59,460 32,360 27,095
French 113,570 55,505 58,060
Non-official language 525 295 230
Aboriginal 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 505 290 215
English and French 15,240 7,845 7,400
English and non-official language 260 165 95
French and non-official language 65 0 50
English, French and non-official language 165 80 80
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 255,480 123,965 131,520
In the labour force 179,370 91,515 87,855
Employed 168,960 85,590 83,370
Unemployed 10,415 5,925 4,485
Not in the labour force 76,110 32,445 43,660
Participation rate 70.2 73.8 66.8
Employment rate 66.1 69.0 63.4
Unemployment rate 5.8 6.5 5.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 179,370 91,515 87,860
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 3,190 1,600 1,585
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 176,185 89,910 86,270
Employee 160,965 80,080 80,885
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 15,215 9,835 5,380
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 179,370 91,515 87,855
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,190 1,605 1,585
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 176,185 89,915 86,265
0 Management occupations 17,730 10,495 7,230
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 40,470 11,835 28,635
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 13,680 10,500 3,185
3 Health occupations 9,950 2,085 7,865
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 25,250 9,290 15,955
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,970 2,715 3,255
6 Sales and service occupations 38,920 20,175 18,740
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 20,615 19,820 800
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,240 1,095 145
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,360 1,905 460
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 179,375 91,515 87,860
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,190 1,600 1,590
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 176,180 89,910 86,265
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 615 455 160
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 235 160 75
22 Utilities 945 810 140
23 Construction 12,890 11,595 1,295
31-33 Manufacturing 5,985 4,810 1,180
41 Wholesale trade 2,950 2,500 455
44-45 Retail trade 18,090 8,985 9,105
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,945 3,965 985
51 Information and cultural industries 3,335 1,900 1,440
52 Finance and insurance 4,070 1,470 2,605
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,105 1,300 810
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 9,080 5,385 3,685
55 Management of companies and enterprises 85 45 40
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 7,580 4,995 2,590
61 Educational services 13,755 4,740 9,020
62 Health care and social assistance 19,045 4,025 15,020
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,620 2,635 1,985
72 Accommodation and food services 10,110 5,060 5,050
81 Other services (except public administration) 7,025 3,030 3,990
91 Public administration 48,710 22,065 26,645
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 179,370 91,515 87,855
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,880 3,775 4,105
Worked in 2010 171,490 87,740 83,750
1 to 13 weeks 6,845 3,200 3,650
14 to 26 weeks 12,180 5,945 6,235
27 to 39 weeks 10,395 5,690 4,705
40 to 48 weeks 28,210 14,220 13,985
49 to 52 weeks 113,855 58,680 55,175
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.5 45.7 45.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 179,370 91,515 87,855
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,880 3,775 4,105
Worked in 2010 171,490 87,740 83,750
Worked full-time in 2010 141,845 75,375 66,475
Worked part-time in 2010 29,645 12,370 17,280
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 168,955 85,590 83,370
Worked at home 7,240 3,665 3,575
Worked outside Canada 360 250 110
No fixed workplace address 15,370 12,200 3,170
Worked at usual place 145,990 69,480 76,515
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 161,360 81,675 79,685
Car, truck or van - as a driver 114,565 62,185 52,380
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 11,420 3,385 8,040
Public transit 24,635 10,335 14,300
Walked 6,600 3,050 3,550
Bicycle 2,810 1,995 815
Other methods 1,320 715 605
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 161,360 81,675 79,685
Median commuting duration 25.1 25.4 21.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 161,355 81,675 79,685
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 50,955 30,840 20,120
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 86,240 37,960 48,285
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 24,155 12,875 11,285
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 131,620 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 122,405 ... ...
Major repairs needed 9,215 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 131,615 ... ...
1960 or before 20,800 ... ...
1961 to 1980 39,205 ... ...
1981 to 1990 23,875 ... ...
1991 to 2000 20,915 ... ...
2001 to 2005 12,460 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 14,360 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 131,615 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 33,000 ... ...
5 rooms 23,220 ... ...
6 rooms 20,795 ... ...
7 rooms 17,430 ... ...
8 or more rooms 37,175 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 131,615 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 14,935 ... ...
2 bedrooms 39,010 ... ...
3 bedrooms 52,605 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 25,065 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 131,615 ... ...
Owner 89,460 ... ...
Renter 42,155 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 131,620 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 12,085 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 119,530 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 131,615 ... ...
1 household maintainer 77,390 ... ...
2 household maintainers 52,735 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,490 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 131,615 ... ...
Under 25 years 5,465 ... ...
25 to 34 years 22,240 ... ...
35 to 44 years 25,300 ... ...
45 to 54 years 31,875 ... ...
55 to 64 years 24,690 ... ...
65 to 74 years 13,175 ... ...
75 years and over 8,870 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 131,620 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 130,355 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,265 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 131,615 ... ...
Suitable 126,275 ... ...
Not suitable 5,340 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 131,245 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 103,665 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 27,585 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 22,070 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 89,280 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 67.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,063 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,069 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 224,461 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 245,332 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 42,150 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 731 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 766 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 255,480 123,960 131,520
Without income 11,910 5,260 6,650
With income 243,565 118,700 124,865
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 18,570 9,470 9,105
$5,000 to $9,999 16,785 6,730 10,055
$10,000 to $14,999 20,755 8,210 12,545
$15,000 to $19,999 20,075 8,390 11,690
$20,000 to $29,999 28,710 13,065 15,645
$30,000 to $39,999 28,380 13,785 14,595
$40,000 to $49,999 26,930 13,605 13,325
$50,000 to $59,999 25,610 12,400 13,210
$60,000 to $79,999 30,645 15,975 14,670
$80,000 to $99,999 14,750 8,570 6,180
$100,000 and over 12,360 8,515 3,845
$100,000 to $124,999 7,250 4,855 2,395
$125,000 and over 5,110 3,665 1,450
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,906 39,813 32,246
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 42,056 46,424 37,904
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 255,480 123,965 131,515
Without after-tax income 11,920 5,275 6,645
With after-tax income 243,560 118,690 124,865
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 19,315 9,650 9,665
$5,000 to $9,999 17,265 6,745 10,525
$10,000 to $14,999 21,275 8,375 12,900
$15,000 to $19,999 22,060 9,650 12,415
$20,000 to $29,999 36,230 16,730 19,500
$30,000 to $39,999 37,835 19,530 18,305
$40,000 to $49,999 35,640 17,165 18,475
$50,000 to $59,999 23,035 11,825 11,210
$60,000 to $79,999 21,865 12,690 9,175
$80,000 to $99,999 5,665 3,855 1,805
$100,000 and over 3,370 2,475 900
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,418 34,114 28,699
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,308 37,245 31,517
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.1 91.9 85.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.8 79.5 75.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.8 74.8 72.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.9 4.7 3.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.2 2.5 1.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.8 8.7 6.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.1 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.9 8.1 14.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.9 2.7 3.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.3 1.8 2.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.3 2.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.3 3.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 2.0 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.4 19.8 16.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.6 80.2 83.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.0 1.0 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 101,350 53,435 47,920
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 52,237 54,432 50,386
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 56,335 59,876 52,386
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 89,580 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,574 ... ...
Average family income ($) 93,962 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 70,871 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 76,485 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 32,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,362 ... ...
Average family income ($) 85,650 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,234 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 69,072 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 38,815 ... ...
Median family income ($) 107,419 ... ...
Average family income ($) 116,004 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 89,039 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 93,971 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 15,315 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,208 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,963 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 47,104 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 49,264 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 48,380 23,165 25,215
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,947 33,403 30,988
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,751 39,013 36,592
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,199 29,188 27,377
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,097 31,819 30,434
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 310,830 152,325 158,505
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 138,590 65,860 72,735
In bottom decile 26,910 13,080 13,830
In second decile 23,800 10,625 13,170
In third decile 26,765 12,455 14,310
In fourth decile 29,335 14,280 15,050
In fifth decile 31,785 15,415 16,375
In top half of the Canadian distribution 172,235 86,465 85,770
In sixth decile 33,860 16,730 17,135
In seventh decile 37,860 18,515 19,340
In eighth decile 39,120 20,000 19,125
In ninth decile 36,630 18,640 17,990
In top decile 24,765 12,585 12,185
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 131,615 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,485 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,715 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,015 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 9,350 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 11,230 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 10,625 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,835 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 18,840 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 16,010 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,570 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,205 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,155 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 131,615 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,550 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,660 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,790 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,335 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 11,505 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 13,900 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 15,050 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,080 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 22,330 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 16,060 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,360 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,980 ... ...
$125,000 and over 10,375 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 131,615 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 66,038 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,828 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 55,942 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 63,487 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 38,480 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,049 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 40,436 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,512 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,040 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 93,135 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 83,940 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 93,278 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 70,580 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 76,067 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 310,830 152,325 158,505
Less than 18 years 68,025 35,085 32,945
Less than 6 years 23,380 12,015 11,365
18 to 64 years 209,555 102,245 107,310
65 years and over 33,245 14,990 18,250
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 38,875 17,815 21,060
Less than 18 years 8,200 4,340 3,860
Less than 6 years 2,975 1,500 1,470
18 to 64 years 25,150 11,760 13,390
65 years and over 5,520 1,715 3,805
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.5 11.7 13.3
Less than 18 years (%) 12.1 12.4 11.7
Less than 6 years (%) 12.7 12.5 12.9
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.5 12.5
65 years and over (%) 16.6 11.4 20.8

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec (Code 50524) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 314,501 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 286,831A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 9.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 142,269 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 131,466 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 104.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 2,999.90 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 314,500 153,695 160,805
0 to 4 years 19,800 10,155 9,640
5 to 9 years 17,650 9,065 8,585
10 to 14 years 18,165 9,130 9,035
15 to 19 years 21,275 10,780 10,495
15 years 4,010 2,065 1,945
16 years 4,130 2,110 2,020
17 years 4,305 2,160 2,150
18 years 4,330 2,220 2,110
19 years 4,500 2,225 2,275
20 to 24 years 20,690 10,275 10,420
25 to 29 years 20,775 10,170 10,605
30 to 34 years 21,995 10,755 11,240
35 to 39 years 21,970 10,805 11,165
40 to 44 years 22,915 11,215 11,695
45 to 49 years 26,945 13,170 13,775
50 to 54 years 26,505 12,875 13,630
55 to 59 years 21,885 10,755 11,130
60 to 64 years 17,780 8,760 9,020
65 to 69 years 12,715 6,170 6,540
70 to 74 years 8,600 3,985 4,615
75 to 79 years 6,420 2,800 3,620
80 to 84 years 4,720 1,780 2,940
85 years and over 3,710 1,055 2,655
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.9 38.0 39.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.3 81.6 83.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 258,890 125,345 133,540
Married or living with a common-law partner 148,245 73,995 74,250
Married (and not separated) 96,245 48,035 48,210
Living common law 52,000 25,960 26,035
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 110,640 51,350 59,295
Single (never legally married) 74,675 39,365 35,310
Separated 5,330 2,365 2,965
Divorced 18,125 7,030 11,095
Widowed 12,515 2,595 9,920
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 89,560 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 44,770 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 20,835 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 17,435 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 6,520 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 89,560 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 73,135 ... ...
Married couples 47,155 ... ...
Without children at home 22,265 ... ...
With children at home 24,895 ... ...
1 child 9,750 ... ...
2 children 10,740 ... ...
3 or more children 4,400 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,980 ... ...
Without children at home 12,365 ... ...
With children at home 13,615 ... ...
1 child 6,175 ... ...
2 children 5,580 ... ...
3 or more children 1,860 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 16,420 ... ...
Female parent 12,345 ... ...
1 child 7,510 ... ...
2 children 3,745 ... ...
3 or more children 1,090 ... ...
Male parent 4,075 ... ...
1 child 2,635 ... ...
2 children 1,160 ... ...
3 or more children 285 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 93,640 ... ...
Under six years of age 23,410 ... ...
6 to 14 years 31,910 ... ...
15 to 17 years 12,085 ... ...
18 to 24 years 18,745 ... ...
25 years and over 7,490 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 310,555 152,220 158,335
Number of persons not in census families 54,215 25,755 28,470
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,855 2,640 3,210
Living with non-relatives only 9,930 5,640 4,285
Living alone 38,440 17,465 20,970
Number of census family persons 256,340 126,470 129,870
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 33,340 15,030 18,310
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 11,945 3,445 8,500
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,525 350 1,170
Living with non-relatives only 865 390 470
Living alone 9,560 2,700 6,855
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 21,400 11,585 9,810
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 131,465 ... ...
Census-family households 88,260 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 82,500 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 68,660 ... ...
Without children 32,295 ... ...
With children 36,365 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 13,840 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 5,765 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 4,490 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,785 ... ...
Without children 1,275 ... ...
With children 1,510 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,710 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,275 ... ...
Non-census-family households 43,205 ... ...
One-person households 38,435 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,765 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 131,465 ... ...
Single-detached house 63,385 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 6,630 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 170 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 61,285 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,815 ... ...
Row house 6,730 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 7,370 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 31,180 ... ...
Other single-attached house 190 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 131,465 ... ...
1 person 38,440 ... ...
2 persons 44,825 ... ...
3 persons 21,805 ... ...
4 persons 18,215 ... ...
5 persons 5,890 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,295 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 310,555 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 312,230 152,835 159,400
  Single responses  304,310 148,880 155,430
    English  40,515 20,425 20,095
    French  238,805 116,100 122,705
    Non-official languages  24,990 12,355 12,635
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 100 40 60
        Atikamekw    0 5 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  70 30 40
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  10 5 5
        Inuktitut  10 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  5 5 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 24,415 12,060 12,355
        African languages, n.i.e 70 40 30
        Afrikaans  10 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 10
        Albanian  35 15 30
        Amharic  60 30 35
        Arabic  5,750 3,085 2,660
        Armenian  60 30 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 140 80 60
        Bengali  75 45 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  105 55 50
        Bisayan languages  10 0 5
        Bosnian  145 65 75
        Bulgarian  205 95 110
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  155 70 85
        Chinese, n.o.s.  830 405 425
        Creoles  775 350 425
        Croatian  195 105 90
        Czech  70 30 40
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  235 115 120
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  15 10 10
        Flemish  25 10 10
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  610 260 350
        Greek  130 85 50
        Gujarati  5 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  30 20 15
        Hungarian  140 75 65
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  450 255 195
        Japanese  90 30 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  200 90 110
        Korean  100 35 65
        Kurdish  70 40 25
        Lao  110 55 60
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  105 55 50
        Lithuanian  15 5 10
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  30 10 20
        Malayalam  5 0 5
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  455 200 250
        Marathi  10 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 295 165 130
        Norwegian  15 5 15
        Oromo  205 120 90
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  65 30 35
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  490 260 230
        Polish  435 205 230
        Portuguese  2,640 1,285 1,355
        Romanian  875 430 445
        Rundi (Kirundi)  390 190 195
        Russian  510 220 290
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  360 150 210
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  515 275 240
        Serbo-Croatian  410 205 210
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Slovak  50 25 25
        Slovenian  10 5 0
        Somali  155 75 80
        Spanish  3,985 1,845 2,140
        Swahili  260 145 120
        Swedish  10 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  185 45 135
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  40 20 20
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  35 10 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 5
        Tigrigna  30 10 20
        Turkish  100 60 40
        Ukrainian  100 40 60
        Urdu  105 50 50
        Vietnamese  420 205 220
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 475 250 225
  Multiple responses          7,925 3,955 3,965
    English and French  5,205 2,575 2,630
    English and non-official language  655 320 335
    French and non-official language  1,655 850 805
    English, French and non-official language 405 210 195
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 312,230 152,835 159,395
  English only 23,015 12,165 10,855
  French only 89,380 39,665 49,720
  English and French 198,275 100,310 97,965
  Neither English nor French 1,560 695 860
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 312,230 152,835 159,400
  English 50,145 25,340 24,810
  French 252,870 122,870 130,000
  English and French 7,730 3,975 3,760
  Neither English nor French 1,485 655 830
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 54,010 27,325 26,685
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 17.3 17.9 16.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 312,230 152,835 159,395
  Single responses 301,965 147,845 154,115
    English 48,070 24,320 23,755
    French 240,645 117,020 123,615
    Non-official languages 13,250 6,505 6,745
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 55 25 30
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 45 15 25
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 5 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 13,040 6,395 6,640
        African languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Afrikaans 5 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 20 10 15
        Amharic 30 10 15
        Arabic 3,300 1,700 1,600
        Armenian 25 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Bengali 45 25 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 45 25 25
        Bisayan languages 5 0 5
        Bosnian 110 55 55
        Bulgarian 145 65 80
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 60 30 35
        Chinese, n.o.s. 700 345 355
        Creoles 245 115 135
        Croatian 125 65 60
        Czech 20 10 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 35 15 25
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 90 40 45
        Greek 30 10 15
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 10 5 5
        Hungarian 40 20 25
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Italian 60 30 25
        Japanese 45 20 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 60
        Korean 60 25 30
        Kurdish 35 25 15
        Lao 70 35 35
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 25 15 15
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 5 5 5
        Malay 10 5 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 340 165 170
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 25 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 30 15 15
        Pashto 5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 280 135 150
        Polish 165 85 85
        Portuguese 1,150 545 600
        Romanian 635 325 315
        Rundi (Kirundi) 115 55 60
        Russian 340 165 175
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 80 35 45
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Serbian 450 230 215
        Serbo-Croatian 325 165 160
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 10 5 10
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 90 35 50
        Spanish 2,705 1,295 1,415
        Swahili 85 35 50
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 10 20
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 15 5 10
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 10 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 40 20 15
        Ukrainian 40 20 25
        Urdu 60 30 25
        Vietnamese 280 130 145
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 160 85 70
  Multiple responses         10,265 4,990 5,280
    English and French 5,535 2,685 2,860
    English and non-official language 1,175 590 585
    French and non-official language 2,600 1,225 1,375
    English, French and non-official language 955 495 460
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 312,230 152,835 159,395
  None 242,730 118,655 124,075
  Single responses  66,765 32,825 33,940
    English  40,660 20,075 20,590
    French  17,320 8,440 8,885
    Non-official languages  8,790 4,320 4,470
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 20 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 10 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,350 4,100 4,250
        African languages, n.i.e 60 35 30
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 10
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  20 10 15
        Arabic  1,670 900 775
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 65 30
        Bengali  15 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  30 15 15
        Bulgarian  25 15 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  55 30 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  100 35 65
        Creoles  620 275 345
        Croatian  35 20 15
        Czech  25 15 15
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  85 40 45
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  255 110 145
        Greek  65 40 25
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  30 15 15
        Hungarian  30 10 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  215 105 110
        Japanese  55 30 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 25 35
        Korean  20 10 15
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  25 10 15
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  155 75 80
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  20 5 10
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  90 30 50
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 215 110 105
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  70 40 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  30 15 15
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  125 65 55
        Polish  140 55 80
        Portuguese  820 420 405
        Romanian  135 70 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  210 110 100
        Russian  200 95 100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  175 65 105
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  65 40 25
        Serbo-Croatian  50 35 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Slovak  15 5 10
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  55 25 25
        Spanish  1,500 700 795
        Swahili  185 100 80
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  75 15 60
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 0 5
        Telugu  5 5 5
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 5 10
        Turkish  35 25 15
        Ukrainian  30 15 20
        Urdu  40 20 20
        Vietnamese  100 50 50
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 400 195 200
  Multiple responses          2,735 1,350 1,380
    English and French  1,060 545 510
    English and non-official language  1,085 510 575
    French and non-official language  570 290 285
    English, French and non-official language  15 10 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec (Code 50524) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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Related links

Map

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Map: Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part) (Census metropolitan area), Quebec

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Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part), CMA, Quebec (Census metropolitan area)