NHS Profile, Toronto, CMA, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Toronto, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 5,521,235 2,684,120 2,837,110
Canadian citizens 4,887,450 2,388,595 2,498,855
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,104,070 568,580 535,490
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,783,380 1,820,015 1,963,370
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 633,785 295,530 338,255
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 2,891,990 1,446,090 1,445,900
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 2,537,410 1,194,940 1,342,470
Before 1971 370,800 174,510 196,290
1971 to 1980 315,895 147,085 168,810
1981 to 1990 393,365 187,625 205,740
1991 to 2000 670,330 315,050 355,285
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 787,005 370,665 416,340
2001 to 2005 405,260 192,420 212,850
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 381,750 178,250 203,495
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 91,835 43,090 48,740
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 2,537,405 1,194,940 1,342,465
Under 5 years 212,975 105,740 107,235
5 to 14 years 425,580 214,020 211,555
15 to 24 years 583,295 259,860 323,440
25 to 44 years 1,053,145 498,195 554,950
45 years and over 262,415 117,120 145,295
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 2,891,990 1,446,095 1,445,895
Born in province of residence 2,579,320 1,295,860 1,283,460
Born outside province of residence 312,665 150,230 162,435
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 2,537,410 1,194,945 1,342,470
Americas 401,080 176,235 224,845
United States 47,310 21,815 25,495
Jamaica 96,165 39,100 57,070
Guyana 71,365 31,630 39,735
Haiti 1,965 925 1,045
Mexico 9,205 3,975 5,220
Trinidad and Tobago 45,925 20,500 25,425
Colombia 15,995 7,460 8,540
El Salvador 10,290 5,170 5,120
Peru 8,100 3,525 4,580
Chile 6,245 3,030 3,225
Other places of birth in Americas 88,510 39,115 49,400
Europe 660,655 314,120 346,540
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 112,585 53,095 59,490
Italy 115,060 56,945 58,110
Germany 25,765 11,545 14,220
Poland 63,065 28,690 34,375
Portugal 72,680 35,420 37,260
Netherlands 9,475 4,735 4,735
France 6,910 3,235 3,675
Romania 24,285 11,340 12,945
Russian Federation 34,335 15,525 18,805
Greece 30,940 15,295 15,650
Ukraine 31,170 13,820 17,355
Croatia 13,025 6,030 6,995
Hungary 13,355 6,010 7,345
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10,045 5,235 4,805
Serbia 13,380 6,445 6,930
Ireland, Republic of 8,995 4,440 4,555
Other places of birth in Europe 75,600 36,310 39,290
Africa 136,325 66,140 70,185
Morocco 3,590 1,670 1,915
Algeria 1,050 575 475
Egypt 18,360 9,905 8,455
South Africa, Republic of 13,125 6,650 6,475
Nigeria 14,140 7,140 7,005
Ethiopia 9,260 4,300 4,960
Kenya 10,870 4,835 6,030
Other places of birth in Africa 65,930 31,060 34,865
Asia 1,332,250 635,045 697,205
India 268,915 133,000 135,910
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 224,915 104,060 120,855
Philippines 173,495 72,035 101,460
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 97,655 45,815 51,845
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 59,495 27,820 31,675
Pakistan 97,070 49,070 48,000
Sri Lanka 103,580 51,160 52,420
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 59,755 30,455 29,300
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 43,670 20,440 23,230
Lebanon 12,020 6,415 5,610
Taiwan 14,625 6,605 8,025
Iraq 21,530 11,090 10,440
Bangladesh 25,090 12,895 12,200
Afghanistan 20,410 10,350 10,060
Japan 5,930 1,920 4,010
Turkey 10,505 5,470 5,035
Other places of birth in Asia 93,585 46,450 47,145
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 7,100 3,410 3,690
Fiji 2,145 1,015 1,120
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 4,960 2,390 2,570
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 91,840 43,090 48,745
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 381,750 178,250 203,495
Americas 53,210 24,965 28,240
United States 10,295 5,305 4,990
Mexico 3,680 1,610 2,070
Cuba 1,730 830 895
Haiti 815 390 425
Jamaica 7,330 3,405 3,930
Brazil 3,205 1,565 1,640
Colombia 5,720 2,675 3,050
Guyana 5,240 2,285 2,950
Peru 1,505 605 900
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,450 725 725
Other places of birth in Americas 12,220 5,560 6,660
Europe 41,215 19,395 21,820
France 1,260 680 580
Germany 1,225 625 600
Poland 2,420 865 1,550
Romania 2,870 1,170 1,705
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 1,240 595 640
Russian Federation 6,625 2,915 3,710
Ukraine 4,740 1,925 2,820
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 5,130 2,820 2,315
Other places of birth in Europe 15,695 7,795 7,900
Africa 25,730 12,190 13,535
Nigeria 6,135 3,035 3,105
Ethiopia 1,490 620 870
Mauritius 1,360 595 760
Somalia 1,135 425 715
Algeria 325 135 190
Egypt 4,065 2,135 1,935
Morocco 540 270 270
Tunisia 155 70 85
Cameroon 720 365 355
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 675 260 420
South Africa, Republic of 870 440 430
Other places of birth in Africa 8,250 3,845 4,400
Asia 260,395 121,020 139,375
Philippines 45,550 18,915 26,635
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 46,255 21,000 25,255
India 59,670 29,140 30,530
Pakistan 19,845 9,415 10,430
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 14,665 6,980 7,685
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 7,005 3,205 3,795
Sri Lanka 15,425 7,255 8,175
Iraq 7,250 3,655 3,600
Bangladesh 8,320 4,180 4,145
Lebanon 1,590 910 680
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 3,200 1,150 2,045
Taiwan 1,560 745 815
Afghanistan 3,615 1,850 1,770
Japan 1,385 390 995
Turkey 2,490 1,240 1,255
Israel 2,440 1,190 1,250
Nepal 2,130 1,150 980
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,910 755 1,160
United Arab Emirates 2,680 1,300 1,380
Saudi Arabia 1,740 960 775
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 1,110 635 475
Other places of birth in Asia 10,560 5,010 5,550
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,195 680 520
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 2,642,910 1,245,280 1,397,630
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 1,544,560 776,180 768,385
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 1,333,760 662,665 671,100
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 2,596,420 1,247,315 1,349,105
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 833,085 417,240 415,845
Chinese 531,635 254,965 276,665
Black 397,175 181,640 215,535
Filipino 230,075 98,305 131,770
Latin American 117,005 56,075 60,930
Arab 74,990 39,500 35,495
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 90,990 44,345 46,645
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 96,650 49,265 47,385
Korean 61,300 29,585 31,715
Japanese 20,015 9,160 10,855
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 68,660 31,220 37,440
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 74,840 36,010 38,830
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 2,924,815 1,436,805 1,488,005
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
North American Aboriginal origins 64,725 30,585 34,145
First Nations (North American Indian) 52,080 24,495 27,580
Inuit 1,385 745 640
Métis 12,485 5,870 6,615
Other North American origins 768,350 380,375 387,975
Acadian 3,970 1,935 2,040
American 47,165 22,510 24,655
Canadian 728,745 361,410 367,335
New Brunswicker 75 45 35
Newfoundlander 3,135 1,535 1,600
Nova Scotian 445 205 240
Ontarian 585 240 345
Québécois 1,390 600 785
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 510 260 255
European origins 2,813,400 1,372,420 1,440,975
British Isles origins 1,334,050 650,375 683,675
Channel Islander 325 195 130
Cornish 340 150 190
English 777,110 378,805 398,305
Irish 543,600 258,545 285,055
Manx 710 370 340
Scottish 545,365 263,290 282,075
Welsh 56,040 26,270 29,775
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 104,070 49,715 54,355
French origins 249,630 118,065 131,565
Alsatian 285 105 185
Breton 55 25 30
French 249,375 117,970 131,405
Western European origins (except French origins) 385,120 186,050 199,075
Austrian 28,450 13,665 14,785
Belgian 8,950 4,300 4,650
Dutch 98,925 48,010 50,920
Flemish 1,080 505 575
Frisian 295 185 110
German 262,830 126,640 136,195
Luxembourger 500 275 225
Swiss 13,455 6,670 6,790
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 300 130 165
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 68,760 33,200 35,555
Danish 15,820 7,740 8,075
Finnish 16,000 7,660 8,345
Icelandic 3,900 1,795 2,100
Norwegian 15,640 7,720 7,925
Swedish 19,460 9,030 10,435
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 2,440 1,240 1,200
Eastern European origins 541,280 259,015 282,265
Bulgarian 10,555 5,215 5,345
Byelorussian 6,220 2,840 3,375
Czech 15,220 7,265 7,955
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 4,575 2,190 2,385
Estonian 7,885 3,555 4,330
Hungarian 56,045 26,745 29,305
Latvian 8,690 4,140 4,550
Lithuanian 15,590 7,760 7,830
Moldovan 2,100 1,075 1,020
Polish 214,455 103,350 111,105
Romanian 41,160 20,050 21,105
Russian 118,090 55,070 63,025
Slovak 13,840 6,825 7,015
Ukrainian 130,350 62,100 68,250
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 4,595 2,265 2,335
Southern European origins 961,385 476,555 484,825
Albanian 15,215 7,725 7,495
Bosnian 6,040 3,070 2,975
Croatian 35,115 17,480 17,630
Cypriot 2,525 1,225 1,305
Greek 96,430 49,575 46,860
Italian 475,090 237,170 237,925
Kosovar 820 390 435
Macedonian 25,060 12,705 12,350
Maltese 19,065 9,720 9,340
Montenegrin 1,250 605 650
Portuguese 196,975 97,380 99,590
Serbian 29,030 14,725 14,305
Sicilian 1,120 570 555
Slovenian 11,980 5,890 6,090
Spanish 105,740 49,060 56,680
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 8,675 4,195 4,480
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 305 140 165
Other European origins 149,415 75,090 74,325
Basque 550 350 200
Jewish 137,165 68,505 68,660
Roma (Gypsy) 1,875 980 895
Slavic, n.o.s. 1,130 645 485
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 9,705 5,140 4,565
Caribbean origins 308,425 138,625 169,795
Antiguan 2,240 1,195 1,040
Bahamian 615 315 305
Barbadian 16,700 7,275 9,425
Bermudan 770 360 405
Carib 1,985 810 1,175
Cuban 7,725 3,460 4,265
Dominican 5,320 2,565 2,750
Grenadian 10,460 4,570 5,890
Haitian 4,000 1,885 2,115
Jamaican 177,305 79,685 97,615
Kittitian/Nevisian 1,565 650 910
Martinican 140 35 100
Montserratan 280 140 135
Puerto Rican 390 190 200
St. Lucian 4,215 1,590 2,625
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 40,340 18,750 21,590
Vincentian/Grenadinian 8,860 3,770 5,090
West Indian, n.o.s. 38,965 17,500 21,470
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 11,235 4,785 6,450
Latin, Central and South American origins 185,910 87,910 98,000
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 5,630 2,635 2,990
Argentinian 7,140 3,515 3,620
Belizean 255 95 155
Bolivian 1,155 500 655
Brazilian 10,240 4,990 5,260
Chilean 8,470 4,210 4,265
Colombian 21,285 10,225 11,060
Costa Rican 2,165 1,085 1,080
Ecuadorian 14,560 7,000 7,560
Guatemalan 4,780 2,495 2,280
Guyanese 56,220 25,910 30,315
Hispanic 2,060 825 1,235
Honduran 1,230 535 700
Maya 1,025 460 560
Mexican 15,160 7,295 7,860
Nicaraguan 2,855 1,195 1,665
Panamanian 1,275 510 765
Paraguayan 345 150 200
Peruvian 10,210 4,660 5,550
Salvadorean 14,920 7,515 7,410
Uruguayan 3,115 1,620 1,495
Venezuelan 5,655 2,600 3,060
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 6,935 3,235 3,700
African origins 221,590 107,150 114,445
Central and West African origins 47,760 24,000 23,760
Akan 615 325 295
Angolan 930 435 500
Ashanti 655 325 335
Beninese 195 140 55
Burkinabe 55 20 35
Cameroonian 1,580 785 790
Chadian 35 25 0
Congolese 3,335 1,615 1,725
Gabonese 15 10 0
Gambian 255 150 100
Ghanaian 18,885 9,185 9,700
Guinean 440 230 210
Ibo 1,095 630 475
Ivorian 410 255 150
Liberian 320 185 135
Malian 115 70 40
Nigerian 15,755 8,080 7,675
Peulh 20 0 0
Senegalese 280 100 180
Sierra Leonean 555 280 280
Togolese 235 125 110
Yoruba 2,025 1,055 970
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 2,985 1,490 1,485
North African origins 38,805 20,115 18,685
Algerian 1,180 500 675
Berber 685 350 335
Coptic 1,875 1,005 870
Dinka 10 0 0
Egyptian 26,100 13,800 12,295
Libyan 840 435 405
Maure 240 150 85
Moroccan 6,460 3,165 3,285
Sudanese 2,615 1,275 1,340
Tunisian 825 400 420
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 335 205 135
Southern and East African origins 65,100 30,670 34,430
Afrikaner 295 120 180
Amhara 350 200 155
Bantu, n.o.s. 400 240 160
Burundian 565 335 230
Eritrean 4,905 2,390 2,520
Ethiopian 12,460 5,995 6,465
Harari 515 230 290
Kenyan 3,305 1,520 1,785
Malagasy 95 35 55
Mauritian 2,185 915 1,275
Oromo 725 430 295
Rwandan 855 365 485
Seychellois 125 60 70
Somali 21,455 9,575 11,875
South African 9,340 4,765 4,575
Tanzanian 1,570 745 825
Tigrian 300 175 125
Ugandan 1,605 760 845
Zambian 345 165 180
Zimbabwean 2,120 1,000 1,120
Zulu 165 85 75
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 5,225 2,470 2,755
Other African origins 74,725 34,815 39,910
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 10,830 4,655 6,180
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 64,645 30,510 34,140
Asian origins 2,078,070 1,007,950 1,070,125
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 250,155 127,755 122,400
Afghan 31,245 15,745 15,500
Arab, n.o.s. 22,020 11,695 10,325
Armenian 17,795 8,980 8,820
Assyrian 6,405 3,330 3,070
Azerbaijani 2,090 1,100 990
Georgian 1,335 655 680
Iranian 76,265 38,660 37,600
Iraqi 19,775 10,070 9,705
Israeli 7,625 3,670 3,960
Jordanian 3,505 1,810 1,695
Kazakh 495 280 220
Kurd 3,195 1,735 1,460
Kuwaiti 320 115 195
Lebanese 24,270 12,530 11,740
Palestinian 10,890 5,735 5,155
Pashtun 1,495 780 710
Saudi Arabian 1,875 950 925
Syrian 8,085 4,040 4,045
Tajik 1,170 560 610
Tatar 1,140 560 585
Turk 19,855 10,020 9,835
Uighur 390 190 200
Uzbek 1,185 555 625
Yemeni 1,435 700 730
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 7,260 4,060 3,200
South Asian origins 857,575 428,390 429,180
Bangladeshi 17,340 8,790 8,550
Bengali 10,230 5,245 4,980
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 572,250 284,995 287,255
Goan 3,755 1,780 1,975
Gujarati 4,125 2,015 2,110
Kashmiri 1,390 725 665
Nepali 3,125 1,615 1,515
Pakistani 90,610 46,230 44,380
Punjabi 33,780 17,455 16,325
Sinhalese 3,930 1,975 1,950
Sri Lankan 104,980 52,105 52,880
Tamil 40,655 20,630 20,025
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 36,095 18,105 17,995
East and Southeast Asian origins 986,860 460,090 526,765
Burmese 1,915 935 970
Cambodian (Khmer) 5,440 2,605 2,835
Chinese 594,735 284,020 310,715
Filipino 246,345 105,815 140,530
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 4,870 2,330 2,540
Japanese 25,890 12,000 13,885
Korean 64,755 31,065 33,685
Laotian 4,075 2,030 2,050
Malaysian 4,590 1,950 2,640
Mongolian 1,350 710 640
Singaporean 665 330 335
Taiwanese 7,375 3,500 3,880
Thai 3,070 1,240 1,830
Tibetan 4,585 2,270 2,310
Vietnamese 70,725 33,975 36,750
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 3,310 1,615 1,695
Other Asian origins 11,625 5,855 5,775
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 11,625 5,850 5,775
Oceania origins 9,035 4,635 4,405
Australian 5,580 2,920 2,660
New Zealander 1,820 900 915
Pacific Islands origins 1,800 885 920
Fijian 1,000 470 530
Hawaiian 275 145 130
Maori 120 35 85
Polynesian, n.o.s. 90 50 40
Samoan 35 25 15
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 295 165 130
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
Buddhist 124,215 56,720 67,495
Christian 3,128,565 1,460,730 1,667,835
Anglican 227,925 104,150 123,770
Baptist 81,835 36,905 44,925
Catholic 1,679,845 796,200 883,650
Christian Orthodox 204,690 100,095 104,600
Lutheran 33,420 14,985 18,435
Pentecostal 100,445 43,560 56,885
Presbyterian 94,175 43,515 50,660
United Church 205,500 91,370 114,135
Other Christian 500,725 229,955 270,770
Hindu 325,420 162,510 162,910
Jewish 167,765 81,740 86,025
Muslim 424,935 213,770 211,160
Sikh 159,905 80,460 79,445
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,110 530 580
Other religions 24,305 11,355 12,955
No religious affiliation 1,165,010 616,315 548,695
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 36,990 17,345 19,645
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 23,955 11,300 12,650
Métis single identity 9,980 4,585 5,390
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 635 320 315
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 495 215 280
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,930 920 1,010
Non-Aboriginal identity 5,484,240 2,666,780 2,817,460
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 12,320 5,630 6,685
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 5,508,915 2,678,495 2,830,425
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 64,725 30,585 34,140
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 52,080 24,500 27,585
Métis ancestry 12,490 5,870 6,615
Inuit ancestry 1,385 745 640
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 5,456,510 2,653,545 2,802,965
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 2,794,765 1,336,160 1,458,605
Aboriginal languages 1,365 645 720
Algonquin 20 0 0
Atikamekw 70 55 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 410 200 205
Mi'kmaq 55 20 35
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 470 210 260
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 25 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 20
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 330 150 175
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,793,595 1,335,630 1,457,965
Italian 236,880 114,070 122,810
Portuguese 128,705 63,250 65,455
Romanian 26,865 12,780 14,090
Spanish 186,120 86,940 99,180
Dutch 13,425 6,355 7,070
Flemish 395 165 225
German 62,840 29,940 32,895
Yiddish 7,530 3,565 3,965
Danish 2,415 1,105 1,310
Norwegian 990 405 585
Swedish 2,530 1,060 1,465
Afrikaans 4,665 2,295 2,375
Gaelic languages 1,600 750 845
Bosnian 3,385 1,695 1,690
Bulgarian 7,625 3,825 3,795
Croatian 23,780 11,770 12,010
Czech 6,565 3,110 3,460
Macedonian 16,750 7,955 8,790
Polish 87,795 40,590 47,205
Russian 102,810 48,080 54,720
Serbian 24,915 12,345 12,565
Serbo-Croatian 3,165 1,565 1,600
Slovak 5,230 2,430 2,800
Slovenian 5,000 2,290 2,705
Ukrainian 37,440 16,855 20,585
Latvian 3,285 1,385 1,900
Lithuanian 4,155 1,800 2,345
Greek 62,340 31,030 31,310
Armenian 12,910 6,280 6,640
Albanian 13,430 6,685 6,745
Estonian 3,475 1,365 2,110
Finnish 3,250 1,240 2,010
Hungarian 23,945 10,900 13,045
Turkish 17,565 9,190 8,370
Berber languages (Kabyle) 70 50 25
Oromo 1,475 810 665
Somali 17,105 7,430 9,675
Amharic 9,360 4,365 4,995
Arabic 91,880 48,280 43,595
Hebrew 36,660 18,205 18,455
Maltese 4,920 2,450 2,475
Tigrigna 4,210 1,960 2,250
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,630 5,820 5,805
Bengali 36,890 18,865 18,025
Gujarati 75,175 37,045 38,130
Hindi 171,095 86,625 84,470
Konkani 4,335 2,095 2,240
Marathi 5,855 2,925 2,935
Panjabi (Punjabi) 209,340 106,055 103,285
Sindhi 7,655 3,560 4,100
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,120 7,300 6,815
Urdu 151,805 77,155 74,650
Nepali 3,745 1,970 1,775
Kurdish 2,890 1,580 1,310
Pashto 7,730 4,040 3,690
Persian (Farsi) 94,710 48,010 46,705
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,645 1,795 1,850
Kannada 2,560 1,345 1,210
Malayalam 11,740 6,165 5,575
Tamil 139,900 69,070 70,830
Telugu 7,495 3,805 3,690
Japanese 16,365 7,730 8,635
Korean 55,920 26,435 29,485
Cantonese 212,830 99,445 113,385
Fukien 3,025 1,350 1,680
Hakka 3,485 1,640 1,850
Mandarin 150,975 70,425 80,555
Taiwanese 3,745 1,730 2,015
Chinese, n.o.s. 153,065 73,015 80,050
Lao 3,370 1,645 1,725
Thai 2,830 1,125 1,700
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,025 2,030 1,995
Vietnamese 61,955 29,280 32,680
Bisayan languages 6,115 2,650 3,460
Ilocano 9,135 3,685 5,455
Malay 6,885 3,305 3,585
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 179,975 71,450 108,525
Akan (Twi) 13,110 5,865 7,245
Lingala 1,825 775 1,050
Rundi (Kirundi) 425 240 185
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 520 235 285
Swahili 10,265 4,800 5,465
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 3,215 1,380 1,835
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 9,365 4,750 4,620
African languages, n.i.e. 3,190 1,700 1,495
Creoles 11,820 5,165 6,655
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 32,125 15,250 16,880
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 5,460,785 2,653,260 2,807,525
Non-movers 4,818,740 2,340,220 2,478,520
Movers 642,045 313,040 329,000
Non-migrants 379,140 184,550 194,585
Migrants 262,910 128,490 134,415
Internal migrants 179,185 87,035 92,145
Intraprovincial migrants 159,990 77,735 82,250
Interprovincial migrants 19,195 9,300 9,890
External migrants 83,725 41,450 42,270
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 5,202,245 2,520,950 2,681,300
Non-movers 3,140,595 1,518,380 1,622,215
Movers 2,061,650 1,002,565 1,059,085
Non-migrants 1,132,650 552,485 580,165
Migrants 929,005 450,085 478,920
Internal migrants 585,900 286,720 299,180
Intraprovincial migrants 528,050 258,425 269,625
Interprovincial migrants 57,855 28,300 29,550
External migrants 343,105 163,360 179,745
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 4,546,140 2,184,185 2,361,955
No certificate, diploma or degree 770,945 364,230 406,715
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 1,145,225 547,215 598,010
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 2,629,970 1,272,735 1,357,235
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 253,390 162,735 90,655
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 769,855 339,990 429,865
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 247,400 112,995 134,405
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 1,359,320 657,015 702,305
Bachelor's degree 842,615 394,025 448,585
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 516,710 262,990 253,715
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 3,132,705 1,499,790 1,632,915
No certificate, diploma or degree 309,015 150,250 158,770
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 677,560 323,000 354,560
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 2,146,125 1,026,540 1,119,585
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 182,330 116,040 66,290
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 619,105 271,925 347,180
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 192,490 87,210 105,275
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 1,152,205 551,365 600,840
Bachelor's degree 705,680 328,655 377,025
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 446,525 222,715 223,815
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 4,546,140 2,184,185 2,361,955
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 1,916,170 911,450 1,004,725
Education 155,630 33,515 122,115
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 126,165 60,365 65,795
Humanities 184,090 66,325 117,765
Social and behavioural sciences and law 339,705 121,470 218,245
Business, management and public administration 638,900 280,160 358,740
Physical and life sciences and technologies 121,300 58,440 62,855
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 152,320 97,180 55,140
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 477,070 417,590 59,480
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 30,315 17,705 12,610
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 299,660 68,085 231,580
Personal, protective and transportation services 104,465 51,835 52,625
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 345 60 280
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 4,546,140 2,184,185 2,361,955
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,916,170 911,450 1,004,720
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 2,629,970 1,272,735 1,357,235
Location of study inside Canada 1,792,385 857,535 934,855
Same as province or territory of residence 1,655,595 790,625 864,970
Another province or territory 136,795 66,910 69,880
Location of study outside Canada 837,585 415,200 422,385
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 3,187,240 1,634,920 1,552,320
Single responses 3,134,550 1,610,315 1,524,235
English 3,038,980 1,563,735 1,475,250
French 10,280 2,720 7,565
Non-official languages 85,285 43,865 41,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 18,630 9,865 8,765
Cantonese 16,960 8,575 8,385
Panjabi (Punjabi) 4,935 2,600 2,335
Mandarin 9,255 4,910 4,345
Spanish 3,920 1,875 2,050
Korean 4,400 2,245 2,155
German 460 200 265
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 5,850 3,870 1,980
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 20,855 9,725 11,135
Multiple responses 52,685 24,605 28,085
English and French 12,490 4,745 7,740
English and non-official language 39,155 19,425 19,735
French and non-official language 160 65 100
English, French and non-official language 885 375 505
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 3,187,240 1,634,920 1,552,320
English 3,038,985 1,563,735 1,475,250
French 10,285 2,720 7,565
Non-official language 85,285 43,860 41,420
Aboriginal 30 0 25
Non-Aboriginal 85,260 43,860 41,400
English and French 12,490 4,745 7,745
English and non-official language 39,155 19,425 19,735
French and non-official language 160 60 100
English, French and non-official language 880 380 505
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 4,546,140 2,184,185 2,361,960
In the labour force 3,042,645 1,567,785 1,474,865
Employed 2,780,685 1,439,460 1,341,225
Unemployed 261,960 128,325 133,640
Not in the labour force 1,503,495 616,405 887,095
Participation rate 66.9 71.8 62.4
Employment rate 61.2 65.9 56.8
Unemployment rate 8.6 8.2 9.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 3,042,650 1,567,780 1,474,865
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 95,810 44,370 51,440
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,946,835 1,523,410 1,423,430
Employee 2,620,795 1,309,240 1,311,550
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 326,050 214,170 111,875
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 3,042,645 1,567,780 1,474,865
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 95,810 44,370 51,440
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,946,835 1,523,410 1,423,425
0 Management occupations 358,725 220,080 138,645
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 570,680 193,915 376,770
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 252,955 194,800 58,160
3 Health occupations 147,750 34,790 112,960
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 335,465 106,060 229,405
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 113,490 56,320 57,170
6 Sales and service occupations 677,145 313,235 363,900
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 318,070 296,780 21,290
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 23,520 19,235 4,285
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 149,040 88,190 60,850
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 3,042,645 1,567,780 1,474,865
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 95,805 44,370 51,435
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,946,840 1,523,410 1,423,425
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 9,950 5,835 4,120
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 4,695 3,230 1,465
22 Utilities 18,335 12,525 5,815
23 Construction 162,085 141,825 20,260
31-33 Manufacturing 293,790 194,335 99,460
41 Wholesale trade 167,275 100,725 66,550
44-45 Retail trade 316,655 149,390 167,265
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 147,540 107,495 40,050
51 Information and cultural industries 110,440 62,020 48,415
52 Finance and insurance 230,185 105,670 124,510
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 71,745 39,185 32,565
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 299,680 166,550 133,130
55 Management of companies and enterprises 4,180 2,130 2,045
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 148,380 80,800 67,575
61 Educational services 206,275 67,915 138,360
62 Health care and social assistance 260,540 50,860 209,680
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 58,820 31,265 27,550
72 Accommodation and food services 170,945 79,720 91,225
81 Other services (except public administration) 132,995 56,865 76,130
91 Public administration 132,325 65,075 67,260
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 3,042,645 1,567,780 1,474,865
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 193,285 91,665 101,615
Worked in 2010 2,849,360 1,476,115 1,373,250
1 to 13 weeks 152,150 70,345 81,805
14 to 26 weeks 219,370 103,290 116,075
27 to 39 weeks 167,935 83,560 84,375
40 to 48 weeks 448,755 226,930 221,825
49 to 52 weeks 1,861,150 991,985 869,165
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.2 44.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 3,042,645 1,567,780 1,474,865
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 193,285 91,665 101,620
Worked in 2010 2,849,365 1,476,110 1,373,250
Worked full-time in 2010 2,327,530 1,277,695 1,049,840
Worked part-time in 2010 521,830 198,420 323,410
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 2,780,685 1,439,460 1,341,225
Worked at home 184,350 92,455 91,890
Worked outside Canada 13,555 9,415 4,145
No fixed workplace address 304,405 216,605 87,805
Worked at usual place 2,278,375 1,120,985 1,157,390
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 2,582,780 1,337,590 1,245,195
Car, truck or van - as a driver 1,666,420 957,110 709,305
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 140,100 50,215 89,885
Public transit 601,365 248,225 353,145
Walked 117,665 50,675 66,995
Bicycle 30,135 19,415 10,715
Other methods 27,100 11,950 15,150
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 2,582,785 1,337,595 1,245,195
Median commuting duration 30.3 30.4 30.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 2,582,780 1,337,590 1,245,195
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 537,585 344,195 193,395
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 1,502,030 712,960 789,065
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 543,165 280,435 262,735
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 1,989,690 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 1,871,275 ... ...
Major repairs needed 118,420 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 1,989,690 ... ...
1960 or before 452,760 ... ...
1961 to 1980 559,555 ... ...
1981 to 1990 329,305 ... ...
1991 to 2000 259,960 ... ...
2001 to 2005 211,665 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 176,445 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 1,989,695 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 637,545 ... ...
5 rooms 275,915 ... ...
6 rooms 269,765 ... ...
7 rooms 248,955 ... ...
8 or more rooms 557,515 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 1,989,690 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 374,455 ... ...
2 bedrooms 421,215 ... ...
3 bedrooms 628,930 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 565,095 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 1,989,695 ... ...
Owner 1,358,620 ... ...
Renter 631,070 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 1,989,695 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 371,750 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 1,617,945 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 1,989,695 ... ...
1 household maintainer 1,144,030 ... ...
2 household maintainers 775,480 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 70,180 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 1,989,690 ... ...
Under 25 years 47,140 ... ...
25 to 34 years 276,760 ... ...
35 to 44 years 421,265 ... ...
45 to 54 years 487,835 ... ...
55 to 64 years 360,645 ... ...
65 to 74 years 212,135 ... ...
75 years and over 183,900 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 1,989,690 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 1,898,140 ... ...
More than one person per room 91,545 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 1,989,690 ... ...
Suitable 1,766,035 ... ...
Not suitable 223,660 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 1,982,795 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 1,351,370 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 631,425 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 513,400 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 1,357,240 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 26.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,472 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,516 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 421,834 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 495,394 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 630,920 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 15.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 43.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,003 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,043 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 4,546,140 2,184,185 2,361,955
Without income 280,260 123,610 156,655
With income 4,265,880 2,060,575 2,205,305
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 528,835 256,730 272,110
$5,000 to $9,999 311,740 119,980 191,755
$10,000 to $14,999 370,935 147,820 223,120
$15,000 to $19,999 386,340 155,840 230,495
$20,000 to $29,999 553,305 242,700 310,600
$30,000 to $39,999 453,695 213,715 239,980
$40,000 to $49,999 391,610 188,115 203,500
$50,000 to $59,999 304,900 156,005 148,900
$60,000 to $79,999 403,920 225,295 178,620
$80,000 to $99,999 245,425 139,700 105,725
$100,000 and over 315,170 214,680 100,490
$100,000 to $124,999 133,865 85,930 47,935
$125,000 and over 181,305 128,745 52,560
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,593 34,949 25,314
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 44,462 53,073 36,416
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 4,546,140 2,184,185 2,361,955
Without after-tax income 280,975 123,615 157,365
With after-tax income 4,265,160 2,060,570 2,204,590
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 535,210 258,970 276,245
$5,000 to $9,999 315,730 120,835 194,900
$10,000 to $14,999 379,925 151,870 228,055
$15,000 to $19,999 414,620 168,260 246,355
$20,000 to $29,999 633,640 282,750 350,890
$30,000 to $39,999 551,130 261,810 289,320
$40,000 to $49,999 447,900 225,965 221,935
$50,000 to $59,999 304,990 167,685 137,305
$60,000 to $79,999 380,390 217,640 162,750
$80,000 to $99,999 141,335 89,860 51,475
$100,000 and over 160,290 114,925 45,365
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,390 31,763 23,917
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,464 42,376 30,938
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.5 92.4 85.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.5 81.6 74.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.1 75.2 70.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.4 6.5 4.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.7 4.5 5.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.5 4.6 4.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.6 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.5 7.6 14.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.5 2.1 2.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.4 1.7 3.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 1.0 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.9 2.7 3.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.0 20.2 15.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.0 79.8 84.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.2 2.5 1.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 1,655,860 912,055 743,800
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 50,787 55,290 46,694
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 65,903 74,265 55,649
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 1,467,240 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,199 ... ...
Average family income ($) 109,656 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,947 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,777 ... ...
Average family size 3.3 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 388,270 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,748 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,016 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,328 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,494 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 789,545 ... ...
Median family income ($) 101,371 ... ...
Average family income ($) 128,139 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 87,958 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 104,144 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 227,990 ... ...
Median family income ($) 49,870 ... ...
Average family income ($) 63,712 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,567 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,480 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 667,380 309,955 357,425
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,009 33,187 29,213
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,121 46,168 40,479
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,401 30,138 27,076
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,661 37,514 34,054
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 5,521,235 2,684,120 2,837,110
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 2,554,165 1,208,395 1,345,765
In bottom decile 552,830 265,110 287,715
In second decile 523,830 237,570 286,255
In third decile 499,290 234,210 265,080
In fourth decile 487,455 234,495 252,960
In fifth decile 490,765 237,015 253,750
In top half of the Canadian distribution 2,967,070 1,475,730 1,491,345
In sixth decile 500,380 243,605 256,770
In seventh decile 523,980 257,955 266,020
In eighth decile 556,745 275,805 280,945
In ninth decile 624,540 311,775 312,765
In top decile 761,430 386,600 374,835
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 1,989,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 59,060 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 34,725 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 53,815 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 82,250 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 151,430 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 158,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 159,880 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 152,865 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 263,310 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 219,140 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 202,455 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 140,925 ... ...
$150,000 and over 311,400 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 1,989,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 60,420 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 34,935 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 54,935 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 85,255 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 166,200 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 188,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 193,920 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 177,915 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 304,460 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 227,430 ... ...
$100,000 and over 495,785 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 193,190 ... ...
$125,000 and over 302,595 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 1,989,695 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 70,365 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 95,326 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,959 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 78,165 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 469,760 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 36,335 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,660 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 32,723 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,862 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 1,519,935 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 84,593 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 109,749 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 74,332 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 90,003 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 5,521,000 2,684,020 2,836,980
Less than 18 years 1,196,615 616,625 579,985
Less than 6 years 383,845 196,085 187,760
18 to 64 years 3,658,360 1,769,105 1,889,255
65 years and over 666,025 298,285 367,735
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 822,050 384,675 437,380
Less than 18 years 218,405 112,195 106,210
Less than 6 years 71,045 35,995 35,045
18 to 64 years 539,090 250,395 288,700
65 years and over 64,555 22,085 42,465
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.9 14.3 15.4
Less than 18 years (%) 18.3 18.2 18.3
Less than 6 years (%) 18.5 18.4 18.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.2 15.3
65 years and over (%) 9.7 7.4 11.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Toronto, CMA, Ontario (Code 535) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 28, 2016).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Toronto, CMA, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Toronto, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 5,583,064 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 5,113,149 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 9.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,079,459 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,989,705 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 945.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 5,905.71 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 5,583,065 2,708,950 2,874,115
0 to 4 years 318,900 163,635 155,275
5 to 9 years 319,650 163,895 155,755
10 to 14 years 336,780 173,245 163,540
15 to 19 years 371,720 191,685 180,040
15 years 73,540 37,845 35,690
16 years 74,905 38,880 36,030
17 years 73,895 38,430 35,475
18 years 74,550 38,435 36,120
19 years 74,825 38,095 36,725
20 to 24 years 380,370 191,990 188,390
25 to 29 years 389,230 188,235 200,995
30 to 34 years 386,120 181,120 205,000
35 to 39 years 403,930 191,335 212,595
40 to 44 years 436,250 209,395 226,855
45 to 49 years 465,350 227,590 237,760
50 to 54 years 422,305 206,105 216,205
55 to 59 years 348,200 167,515 180,685
60 to 64 years 297,595 142,385 155,210
65 to 69 years 210,605 99,835 110,765
70 to 74 years 167,815 76,990 90,825
75 to 79 years 135,355 60,665 74,690
80 to 84 years 102,185 42,575 59,610
85 years and over 90,705 30,765 59,935
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.6 37.7 39.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.5 81.5 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 4,607,730 2,208,185 2,399,550
Married or living with a common-law partner 2,594,105 1,296,645 1,297,460
Married (and not separated) 2,344,350 1,169,565 1,174,790
Living common law 249,760 127,085 122,670
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 2,013,620 911,535 1,102,090
Single (never legally married) 1,407,150 730,205 676,945
Separated 128,055 50,475 77,580
Divorced 244,305 88,550 155,760
Widowed 234,115 42,310 191,810
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 1,529,240 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 623,845 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 375,770 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 377,645 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 151,970 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 1,529,235 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 1,256,915 ... ...
Married couples 1,132,220 ... ...
Without children at home 385,825 ... ...
With children at home 746,400 ... ...
1 child 272,540 ... ...
2 children 337,380 ... ...
3 or more children 136,480 ... ...
Common-law couples 124,690 ... ...
Without children at home 78,220 ... ...
With children at home 46,465 ... ...
1 child 22,890 ... ...
2 children 16,575 ... ...
3 or more children 6,995 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 272,325 ... ...
Female parent 224,850 ... ...
1 child 129,030 ... ...
2 children 67,575 ... ...
3 or more children 28,240 ... ...
Male parent 47,480 ... ...
1 child 30,770 ... ...
2 children 12,765 ... ...
3 or more children 3,945 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 1,905,100 ... ...
Under six years of age 380,770 ... ...
6 to 14 years 588,410 ... ...
15 to 17 years 216,180 ... ...
18 to 24 years 418,935 ... ...
25 years and over 300,810 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 5,521,275 2,682,920 2,838,355
Number of persons not in census families 830,025 368,825 461,195
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 162,640 57,765 104,875
Living with non-relatives only 196,765 104,600 92,165
Living alone 470,610 206,460 264,150
Number of census family persons 4,691,255 2,314,095 2,377,155
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 667,805 299,345 368,455
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 218,210 57,125 161,090
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 61,510 12,110 49,400
Living with non-relatives only 12,960 5,980 6,985
Living alone 143,740 39,035 104,705
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 449,590 242,220 207,370
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 1,989,705 ... ...
Census-family households 1,438,240 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 1,223,665 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 1,027,445 ... ...
Without children 374,195 ... ...
With children 653,245 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 196,225 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 214,575 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 130,745 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 94,900 ... ...
Without children 23,915 ... ...
With children 70,985 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 35,850 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 83,830 ... ...
Non-census-family households 551,465 ... ...
One-person households 470,615 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 80,855 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 1,989,705 ... ...
Single-detached house 820,895 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 545,840 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 715 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 622,255 ... ...
Semi-detached house 153,110 ... ...
Row house 176,625 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 81,695 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 208,045 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,785 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 1,989,705 ... ...
1 person 470,615 ... ...
2 persons 549,420 ... ...
3 persons 352,420 ... ...
4 persons 362,720 ... ...
5 persons 154,370 ... ...
6 or more persons 100,155 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 5,521,275 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.8 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,800 2,850,085
  Single responses  5,357,905 2,602,870 2,755,035
    English  2,980,215 1,470,135 1,510,075
    French  63,160 28,975 34,185
    Non-official languages  2,314,530 1,103,750 1,210,780
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 455 195 255
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  135 55 80
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  20 5 15
        Mi'kmaq  20 10 10
        Ojibway  270 120 150
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,296,960 1,095,360 1,201,600
        African languages, n.i.e 1,450 770 685
        Afrikaans  960 480 480
        Akan (Twi)  8,790 4,115 4,675
        Albanian  12,160 6,190 5,970
        Amharic  6,545 2,990 3,560
        Arabic  66,710 34,955 31,750
        Armenian  10,925 5,250 5,675
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,840 880 955
        Bengali  31,770 16,160 15,610
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  5,155 2,005 3,140
        Bosnian  2,660 1,305 1,360
        Bulgarian  7,000 3,420 3,575
        Burmese  950 455 495
        Cantonese  170,490 79,225 91,265
        Chinese, n.o.s.  157,145 73,990 83,150
        Creoles  4,780 2,200 2,575
        Croatian  17,740 8,545 9,190
        Czech  5,580 2,605 2,980
        Danish  1,730 775 950
        Dutch  10,240 4,845 5,390
        Estonian  3,285 1,375 1,915
        Finnish  2,950 1,165 1,785
        Flemish  330 135 200
        Fukien  3,235 1,550 1,690
        German  34,295 15,450 18,845
        Greek  42,840 21,120 21,725
        Gujarati  58,715 29,245 29,465
        Hakka  3,400 1,615 1,785
        Hebrew  10,415 5,545 4,870
        Hindi  39,575 19,760 19,815
        Hungarian  21,380 9,975 11,405
        Ilocano  6,920 2,595 4,330
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 2,125 1,125 995
        Italian  166,415 80,980 85,440
        Japanese  8,890 3,245 5,640
        Khmer (Cambodian)  2,950 1,355 1,595
        Korean  51,395 24,025 27,365
        Kurdish  2,310 1,290 1,020
        Lao  2,360 1,140 1,215
        Latvian  2,740 1,115 1,630
        Lingala  375 155 220
        Lithuanian  3,400 1,420 1,980
        Macedonian  12,850 6,220 6,635
        Malay  4,125 1,880 2,245
        Malayalam  8,400 4,265 4,140
        Maltese  4,020 2,025 1,995
        Mandarin  100,050 47,225 52,820
        Marathi  3,285 1,690 1,605
        Nepali  2,665 1,375 1,290
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 4,330 2,175 2,150
        Norwegian  455 200 250
        Oromo  1,115 545 575
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  153,475 77,760 75,710
        Pashto  5,880 2,985 2,895
        Persian (Farsi)  81,015 40,985 40,025
        Polish  75,275 34,525 40,750
        Portuguese  104,110 50,310 53,805
        Romanian  25,825 12,160 13,665
        Rundi (Kirundi)  270 135 140
        Russian  78,105 36,000 42,105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  340 140 200
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 9,615 4,735 4,885
        Serbian  21,525 10,520 10,995
        Serbo-Croatian  2,685 1,290 1,395
        Shanghainese  1,255 520 735
        Sign languages, n.i.e 675 380 295
        Sindhi  5,585 2,600 2,980
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  7,470 3,635 3,835
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 455 225 225
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 820 405 415
        Slovak  4,685 2,140 2,545
        Slovenian  4,200 1,900 2,300
        Somali  14,010 5,955 8,055
        Spanish  119,965 57,010 62,955
        Swahili  2,955 1,415 1,540
        Swedish  1,145 460 685
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  119,240 46,085 73,155
        Taiwanese  2,535 1,170 1,370
        Tamil  105,340 51,855 53,485
        Telugu  5,450 2,865 2,585
        Thai  1,590 510 1,080
        Tibetan languages  3,825 1,930 1,900
        Tigrigna  3,750 1,725 2,020
        Turkish  12,010 6,320 5,685
        Ukrainian  25,540 11,365 14,170
        Urdu  110,255 55,995 54,255
        Vietnamese  45,270 21,100 24,170
        Yiddish  4,580 2,080 2,500
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 17,120 8,195 8,920
  Multiple responses          183,975 88,930 95,040
    English and French  12,385 5,795 6,590
    English and non-official language  160,050 77,820 82,230
    French and non-official language  7,090 3,275 3,820
    English, French and non-official language 4,450 2,050 2,405
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,795 2,850,085
  English only 4,872,015 2,410,320 2,461,690
  French only 5,005 2,105 2,900
  English and French 424,265 184,565 239,700
  Neither English nor French 240,600 94,805 145,790
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,795 2,850,085
  English 5,189,150 2,545,690 2,643,460
  French 69,075 31,550 37,520
  English and French 47,110 21,670 25,445
  Neither English nor French 236,545 92,890 143,655
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 92,625 42,385 50,245
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.6 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,800 2,850,085
  Single responses 5,141,930 2,497,540 2,644,385
    English 3,714,190 1,817,825 1,896,365
    French 28,260 13,200 15,060
    Non-official languages 1,399,480 666,515 732,960
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 115 60 60
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 25 15 15
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 75 40 40
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,392,775 663,290 729,490
        African languages, n.i.e. 595 280 315
        Afrikaans 305 150 160
        Akan (Twi) 5,005 2,245 2,760
        Albanian 6,965 3,530 3,435
        Amharic 3,780 1,670 2,105
        Arabic 37,215 18,550 18,670
        Armenian 6,460 3,000 3,460
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 635 310 330
        Bengali 22,365 11,220 11,145
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 10 10 0
        Bisayan languages 1,720 755 970
        Bosnian 1,485 730 755
        Bulgarian 4,135 2,030 2,100
        Burmese 550 265 285
        Cantonese 137,630 63,480 74,150
        Chinese, n.o.s. 109,535 51,975 57,560
        Creoles 2,595 1,195 1,400
        Croatian 7,065 3,435 3,630
        Czech 2,090 990 1,100
        Danish 140 65 70
        Dutch 895 410 490
        Estonian 995 370 625
        Finnish 705 300 400
        Flemish 40 20 20
        Fukien 1,005 475 525
        German 4,675 2,090 2,585
        Greek 18,630 8,790 9,840
        Gujarati 37,010 18,145 18,870
        Hakka 1,580 730 845
        Hebrew 4,845 2,430 2,420
        Hindi 20,865 10,290 10,570
        Hungarian 9,555 4,505 5,055
        Ilocano 2,505 1,010 1,495
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 905 460 445
        Italian 63,015 27,885 35,130
        Japanese 4,355 1,925 2,430
        Khmer (Cambodian) 1,755 785 965
        Korean 38,200 18,175 20,020
        Kurdish 1,290 680 610
        Lao 1,235 620 620
        Latvian 905 380 520
        Lingala 110 50 65
        Lithuanian 1,285 565 720
        Macedonian 5,965 2,850 3,110
        Malay 1,515 720 795
        Malayalam 4,185 2,105 2,085
        Maltese 1,045 500 545
        Mandarin 82,780 40,215 42,560
        Marathi 1,580 805 775
        Nepali 1,775 910 865
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,510 720 795
        Norwegian 70 25 45
        Oromo 700 330 370
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 111,160 55,755 55,405
        Pashto 4,150 2,055 2,100
        Persian (Farsi) 57,515 28,180 29,335
        Polish 39,190 18,455 20,740
        Portuguese 52,755 25,500 27,255
        Romanian 14,405 6,885 7,520
        Rundi (Kirundi) 80 40 40
        Russian 55,795 26,315 29,475
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 140 60 75
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 6,660 3,225 3,435
        Serbian 13,385 6,465 6,920
        Serbo-Croatian 1,245 590 660
        Shanghainese 595 265 325
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,080 630 450
        Sindhi 2,525 1,130 1,400
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,650 1,785 1,865
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 280 135 140
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140
        Slovak 1,720 820 905
        Slovenian 1,105 510 595
        Somali 9,870 4,145 5,730
        Spanish 73,345 34,780 38,560
        Swahili 1,255 595 660
        Swedish 185 85 100
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 56,925 23,640 33,280
        Taiwanese 1,265 595 670
        Tamil 80,225 38,995 41,230
        Telugu 3,210 1,645 1,565
        Thai 695 315 380
        Tibetan languages 3,110 1,565 1,540
        Tigrigna 2,110 940 1,165
        Turkish 7,860 3,975 3,885
        Ukrainian 11,870 5,400 6,470
        Urdu 72,215 36,060 36,155
        Vietnamese 32,690 15,255 17,435
        Yiddish 500 235 260
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 6,585 3,170 3,415
  Multiple responses         399,955 194,255 205,695
    English and French 9,730 4,410 5,320
    English and non-official language 380,810 185,680 195,130
    French and non-official language 2,805 1,270 1,535
    English, French and non-official language 6,605 2,895 3,715
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,885 2,691,795 2,850,085
  None 4,231,935 2,059,945 2,171,990
  Single responses  1,284,160 619,850 664,310
    English  561,955 277,375 284,585
    French  48,935 21,360 27,575
    Non-official languages  673,275 321,115 352,160
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 380 165 215
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  85 30 55
        Dene  10 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 10 5
        Mi'kmaq  20 10 10
        Ojibway  255 110 145
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 664,695 317,080 347,620
        African languages, n.i.e 715 375 340
        Afrikaans  685 340 345
        Akan (Twi)  3,985 1,890 2,095
        Albanian  3,275 1,630 1,650
        Amharic  2,210 995 1,220
        Arabic  23,285 12,330 10,955
        Armenian  3,010 1,455 1,555
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 850 380 465
        Bengali  6,480 3,280 3,200
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 5 5
        Bisayan languages  1,265 470 790
        Bosnian  790 380 410
        Bulgarian  1,630 775 850
        Burmese  250 120 135
        Cantonese  37,100 17,705 19,390
        Chinese, n.o.s.  26,965 12,860 14,105
        Creoles  4,320 1,890 2,430
        Croatian  7,110 3,400 3,710
        Czech  1,780 770 1,005
        Danish  700 305 395
        Dutch  3,595 1,550 2,045
        Estonian  1,265 525 735
        Finnish  1,040 390 650
        Flemish  80 30 50
        Fukien  1,375 660 715
        German  13,610 6,050 7,560
        Greek  22,165 11,045 11,115
        Gujarati  15,180 7,575 7,610
        Hakka  965 455 505
        Hebrew  7,965 3,990 3,975
        Hindi  26,590 13,450 13,135
        Hungarian  5,860 2,590 3,270
        Ilocano  1,895 720 1,175
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 745 375 365
        Italian  67,625 33,025 34,595
        Japanese  3,990 1,660 2,330
        Khmer (Cambodian)  800 360 440
        Korean  9,275 4,350 4,925
        Kurdish  650 355 290
        Lao  705 345 355
        Latvian  940 360 575
        Lingala  580 260 325
        Lithuanian  1,085 435 650
        Macedonian  4,510 2,190 2,315
        Malay  1,455 635 820
        Malayalam  3,315 1,660 1,650
        Maltese  1,620 745 880
        Mandarin  18,105 8,180 9,930
        Marathi  1,030 505 520
        Nepali  540 270 265
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 3,615 1,745 1,870
        Norwegian  230 100 125
        Oromo  315 155 155
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  30,815 15,835 14,985
        Pashto  1,110 605 505
        Persian (Farsi)  15,325 8,020 7,310
        Polish  20,550 9,305 11,240
        Portuguese  38,475 18,585 19,890
        Romanian  6,935 3,175 3,760
        Rundi (Kirundi)  140 65 70
        Russian  16,700 7,720 8,980
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  175 65 105
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 2,045 1,015 1,030
        Serbian  5,770 2,860 2,910
        Serbo-Croatian  715 360 355
        Shanghainese  405 170 240
        Sign languages, n.i.e 375 155 220
        Sindhi  2,275 1,070 1,200
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  3,410 1,680 1,730
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 85 45 45
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 265 130 135
        Slovak  1,420 630 790
        Slovenian  1,450 645 805
        Somali  4,845 2,230 2,615
        Spanish  41,130 19,870 21,260
        Swahili  2,020 920 1,100
        Swedish  635 260 370
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  39,945 14,820 25,120
        Taiwanese  895 415 480
        Tamil  22,005 11,020 10,990
        Telugu  1,315 700 615
        Thai  555 180 380
        Tibetan languages  410 210 195
        Tigrigna  1,320 630 690
        Turkish  3,180 1,700 1,480
        Ukrainian  7,740 3,410 4,325
        Urdu  28,900 14,765 14,135
        Vietnamese  10,820 5,100 5,720
        Yiddish  1,440 615 825
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 8,195 3,870 4,325
  Multiple responses          25,785 12,000 13,780
    English and French  3,425 1,540 1,880
    English and non-official language  10,995 5,445 5,555
    French and non-official language  11,140 4,915 6,230
    English, French and non-official language  225 105 120

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Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

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Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

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Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

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Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

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Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

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Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

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Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

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Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

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Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

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Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Toronto, CMA, Ontario (Code 535) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 28, 2016).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Map: Toronto (Census metropolitan area), Ontario

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