NHS Profile, Brantford, CMA, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Brantford, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brantford, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 133,250 64,965 68,285
Canadian citizens 130,065 63,410 66,650
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,080 15,310 14,770
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 99,985 48,095 51,885
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,185 1,550 1,635
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 133,250 64,960 68,290
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 117,435 57,385 60,050
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 15,080 7,150 7,930
Before 1971 6,455 3,060 3,400
1971 to 1980 2,475 1,125 1,350
1981 to 1990 1,770 920 845
1991 to 2000 2,150 885 1,265
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,230 1,160 1,065
2001 to 2005 1,245 620 620
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 990 540 445
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 730 425 305
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 15,080 7,150 7,930
Under 5 years 2,030 1,040 990
5 to 14 years 3,375 1,665 1,710
15 to 24 years 3,850 1,730 2,115
25 to 44 years 5,100 2,310 2,790
45 years and over 725 405 320
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 133,250 64,960 68,290
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 117,440 57,385 60,050
Born in province of residence 109,110 53,440 55,675
Born outside province of residence 8,325 3,945 4,380
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 15,080 7,145 7,935
Americas 2,375 1,145 1,230
United States 1,100 495 605
Jamaica 365 195 165
Guyana 35 0 0
Haiti 35 25 0
Mexico 165 65 100
Trinidad and Tobago 110 45 65
Colombia 60 0 40
El Salvador 65 35 30
Peru 20 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 405 220 180
Europe 9,270 4,310 4,960
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,425 1,450 1,975
Italy 795 455 335
Germany 630 295 335
Poland 1,265 580 685
Portugal 490 255 235
Netherlands 970 455 520
France 30 0 15
Romania 65 40 25
Russian Federation 15 0 0
Greece 125 65 60
Ukraine 100 50 50
Croatia 65 40 30
Hungary 355 160 195
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 45 20
Serbia 115 50 60
Ireland, Republic of 115 60 60
Other places of birth in Europe 650 295 350
Africa 390 185 200
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 70 30 40
South Africa, Republic of 110 50 60
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 65 40 0
Other places of birth in Africa 120 45 70
Asia 2,990 1,470 1,525
India 775 390 385
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 320 135 185
Philippines 350 130 220
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 55 25 30
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 450 245 205
Pakistan 205 100 100
Sri Lanka 40 20 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 20 15 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 190 90 100
Lebanon 95 50 50
Taiwan 75 60 15
Iraq 35 0 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 30 0 30
Turkey 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 315 175 135
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 40 15
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 35 15
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 735 430 305
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 985 545 445
Americas 365 210 155
United States 120 55 65
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 55 50 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 40 20 0
Other places of birth in Americas 60 50 15
Europe 120 65 55
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 15 0 0
Romania 15 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 50 25 30
Other places of birth in Europe 40 25 0
Africa 50 15 35
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 35 15 25
Asia 450 250 200
Philippines 95 45 50
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 20 0 15
India 200 110 90
Pakistan 20 10 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 60 55 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 20 0 15
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 133,250 64,960 68,290
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 16,080 7,700 8,385
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 23,860 11,445 12,415
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 93,310 45,820 47,490
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 133,245 64,960 68,290
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 7,485 3,770 3,720
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,730 840 890
Chinese 775 355 415
Black 1,820 1,050 775
Filipino 505 205 300
Latin American 440 215 220
Arab 590 325 265
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 745 415 330
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 85 35 45
Korean 300 125 175
Japanese 105 35 65
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 130 60 65
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 265 105 165
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 125,760 61,190 64,570
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 133,250 64,960 68,285
North American Aboriginal origins 12,565 5,895 6,670
First Nations (North American Indian) 11,830 5,590 6,240
Inuit 130 50 80
Métis 680 305 370
Other North American origins 40,610 19,635 20,970
Acadian 180 130 50
American 1,585 755 830
Canadian 39,265 18,970 20,290
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 85 55 30
Nova Scotian 25 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 100 75 25
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 85 35 50
European origins 100,230 48,915 51,315
British Isles origins 72,640 34,930 37,715
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 46,300 22,280 24,020
Irish 25,140 11,715 13,420
Manx 10 0 0
Scottish 29,910 14,610 15,300
Welsh 2,510 1,090 1,420
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,870 1,610 2,260
French origins 12,455 6,000 6,455
Alsatian 15 20 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 12,440 5,980 6,460
Western European origins (except French origins) 26,690 13,555 13,135
Austrian 630 320 310
Belgian 1,150 585 565
Dutch 9,510 4,770 4,740
Flemish 100 50 45
Frisian 85 50 35
German 17,020 8,715 8,305
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 390 200 195
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,130 1,075 1,050
Danish 605 340 265
Finnish 435 300 130
Icelandic 105 40 70
Norwegian 545 225 320
Swedish 555 265 285
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 35 50
Eastern European origins 15,850 7,825 8,025
Bulgarian 50 35 10
Byelorussian 95 15 75
Czech 360 115 245
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 200 100 105
Estonian 115 45 70
Hungarian 4,205 2,195 2,010
Latvian 60 45 15
Lithuanian 205 155 55
Moldovan 10 0 0
Polish 6,345 3,160 3,190
Romanian 555 275 285
Russian 700 365 335
Slovak 340 155 185
Ukrainian 4,415 2,100 2,315
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 10 0 0
Southern European origins 11,750 5,895 5,855
Albanian 20 0 0
Bosnian 35 25 15
Croatian 295 140 155
Cypriot 60 30 25
Greek 680 345 340
Italian 7,185 3,615 3,570
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 25 10 15
Maltese 440 240 205
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,710 790 920
Serbian 240 120 120
Sicilian 70 45 30
Slovenian 145 100 50
Spanish 935 465 470
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 440 240 195
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 340 190 150
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 270 170 100
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 20 0 0
Caribbean origins 1,940 1,135 810
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 120 30 80
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 235 155 80
Dominican 35 25 0
Grenadian 40 15 25
Haitian 35 25 0
Jamaican 1,285 855 430
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 120 40 80
Vincentian/Grenadinian 80 45 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 110 30 75
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 40 25 15
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,065 515 555
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 35 20 0
Argentinian 50 25 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 10
Brazilian 155 45 110
Chilean 70 35 40
Colombian 140 70 70
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 70 25 40
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 25 0 0
Mexican 325 160 165
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 25 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Salvadorean 105 25 85
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 40 20 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 45 25 0
African origins 1,025 495 530
Central and West African origins 45 20 30
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 15 0 15
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 35 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 265 120 150
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 135 85 50
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 220 125 95
Afrikaner 35 20 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 50 35 0
South African 100 50 50
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 20 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 485 230 255
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 70 35 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 415 195 225
Asian origins 5,550 2,625 2,925
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 890 460 430
Afghan 40 0 30
Arab, n.o.s. 105 60 45
Armenian 195 100 100
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 60 30 30
Iraqi 50 0 30
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 15 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 295 165 135
Palestinian 90 55 40
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 15 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 50 10 40
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 30 20 15
South Asian origins 1,835 865 980
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,585 730 850
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 280 130 155
Punjabi 25 10 15
Sinhalese 15 0 0
Sri Lankan 20 0 0
Tamil 20 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 45 25 25
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,900 1,345 1,560
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 40 35 0
Chinese 1,075 510 565
Filipino 660 290 365
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 10 0 0
Japanese 140 35 100
Korean 375 150 225
Laotian 50 25 20
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 100 45 55
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 755 375 380
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 10 0 0
Oceania origins 180 85 90
Australian 105 60 40
New Zealander 50 25 20
Pacific Islands origins 25 0 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 25 0 25
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 133,245 64,960 68,290
Buddhist 705 375 330
Christian 87,400 40,930 46,470
Anglican 12,005 5,580 6,420
Baptist 6,955 3,110 3,840
Catholic 31,330 14,665 16,665
Christian Orthodox 780 395 385
Lutheran 1,585 740 840
Pentecostal 3,460 1,610 1,850
Presbyterian 4,405 1,950 2,450
United Church 14,115 6,720 7,390
Other Christian 12,775 6,145 6,630
Hindu 405 215 195
Jewish 110 60 50
Muslim 1,105 560 545
Sikh 505 225 285
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 2,730 1,290 1,435
Other religions 330 120 210
No religious affiliation 39,955 21,175 18,775
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 133,245 64,960 68,285
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 11,120 5,145 5,975
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 10,300 4,730 5,565
Métis single identity 565 310 255
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 85 60 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 150 35 110
Non-Aboriginal identity 122,130 59,815 62,315
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 133,250 64,960 68,290
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 9,085 4,075 5,010
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 124,160 60,880 63,280
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 133,250 64,960 68,290
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 12,565 5,890 6,675
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 11,830 5,590 6,240
Métis ancestry 675 305 370
Inuit ancestry 130 50 80
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 120,685 59,070 61,615
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 15,470 7,290 8,175
Aboriginal languages 985 425 550
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 20 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 15 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 930 400 530
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,495 6,865 7,635
Italian 1,650 825 820
Portuguese 730 360 370
Romanian 50 20 25
Spanish 960 425 535
Dutch 1,105 555 550
Flemish 85 25 55
German 1,320 620 700
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 40 10 25
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 25 0 0
Afrikaans 70 30 40
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 15 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 70 20 50
Czech 80 35 45
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 2,040 925 1,115
Russian 140 40 100
Serbian 150 80 70
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 0
Slovak 95 45 45
Slovenian 25 15 15
Ukrainian 475 210 265
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 20 15 0
Greek 220 125 95
Armenian 55 30 25
Albanian 15 0 0
Estonian 25 0 15
Finnish 25 0 20
Hungarian 720 310 410
Turkish 35 10 25
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 555 305 250
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 75 30 50
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 245 130 115
Hindi 370 215 155
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 25 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 520 240 280
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 0 0
Urdu 350 190 160
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 50 20 35
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 40 0 0
Tamil 45 20 25
Telugu 50 25 25
Japanese 110 15 95
Korean 320 115 210
Cantonese 115 50 60
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 220 90 130
Taiwanese 115 75 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 135 140
Lao 60 35 25
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 35 0
Vietnamese 675 340 335
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 330 120 210
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 235 190 45
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 385 150 235
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 131,805 64,140 67,665
Non-movers 117,715 57,395 60,320
Movers 14,090 6,750 7,345
Non-migrants 8,875 4,110 4,765
Migrants 5,220 2,635 2,585
Internal migrants 4,990 2,525 2,465
Intraprovincial migrants 4,710 2,380 2,330
Interprovincial migrants 280 140 145
External migrants 225 110 110
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 125,320 60,715 64,600
Non-movers 80,105 38,940 41,165
Movers 45,215 21,780 23,435
Non-migrants 27,840 13,365 14,475
Migrants 17,375 8,415 8,955
Internal migrants 16,215 7,760 8,455
Intraprovincial migrants 15,345 7,360 7,990
Interprovincial migrants 865 400 470
External migrants 1,155 655 500
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 108,750 52,235 56,515
No certificate, diploma or degree 26,240 13,065 13,175
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 30,905 14,715 16,190
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 51,600 24,450 27,145
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,255 6,845 3,410
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 24,895 10,230 14,655
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,265 1,370 1,895
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,190 6,010 7,185
Bachelor's degree 8,690 3,800 4,890
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,495 2,210 2,290
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 71,910 35,010 36,905
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,945 5,955 4,990
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,030 9,900 10,130
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 40,935 19,155 21,780
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,585 5,085 2,500
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 20,505 8,485 12,025
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,400 1,015 1,385
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 10,450 4,575 5,875
Bachelor's degree 6,905 2,935 3,975
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,545 1,640 1,900
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 108,745 52,235 56,510
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 57,145 27,780 29,360
Education 3,780 1,005 2,770
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,685 840 845
Humanities 2,630 1,125 1,510
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,090 1,475 3,615
Business, management and public administration 8,990 3,115 5,870
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,215 620 595
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,375 800 580
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 11,655 10,935 720
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,280 840 440
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 9,155 1,380 7,770
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,710 2,295 2,415
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 35 15 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 108,750 52,240 56,515
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 57,145 27,785 29,360
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 51,605 24,450 27,145
Location of study inside Canada 47,000 21,975 25,020
Same as province or territory of residence 45,300 21,175 24,125
Another province or territory 1,700 805 890
Location of study outside Canada 4,605 2,480 2,125
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 75,085 38,070 37,015
Single responses 74,885 37,980 36,900
English 74,565 37,885 36,680
French 180 30 150
Non-official languages 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Cantonese 10 10 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 85 35 55
Multiple responses 205 90 120
English and French 55 10 45
English and non-official language 150 80 65
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 75,090 38,075 37,015
English 74,565 37,885 36,675
French 175 25 150
Non-official language 140 70 70
Aboriginal 15 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 130 65 65
English and French 55 10 45
English and non-official language 150 80 65
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 108,745 52,235 56,510
In the labour force 70,785 36,110 34,675
Employed 65,435 33,380 32,055
Unemployed 5,355 2,735 2,620
Not in the labour force 37,960 16,120 21,840
Participation rate 65.1 69.1 61.4
Employment rate 60.2 63.9 56.7
Unemployment rate 7.6 7.6 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 70,790 36,115 34,670
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,485 690 790
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 69,305 35,425 33,880
Employee 62,565 31,250 31,315
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,740 4,175 2,565
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 70,790 36,115 34,675
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,485 695 790
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 69,305 35,420 33,885
0 Management occupations 6,985 4,165 2,825
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,985 2,655 7,330
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,880 2,385 495
3 Health occupations 4,370 685 3,685
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,670 2,480 5,190
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,560 690 875
6 Sales and service occupations 16,105 5,955 10,155
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 12,005 10,970 1,030
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,420 1,120 295
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 6,325 4,325 2,000
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 70,785 36,115 34,670
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,480 690 790
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 69,300 35,425 33,885
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,575 1,090 485
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 65 55 0
22 Utilities 405 310 90
23 Construction 4,505 3,855 655
31-33 Manufacturing 11,545 8,325 3,220
41 Wholesale trade 3,355 2,235 1,115
44-45 Retail trade 8,175 3,450 4,730
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,015 2,775 1,245
51 Information and cultural industries 900 460 440
52 Finance and insurance 1,690 575 1,120
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,225 725 495
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,960 1,560 1,405
55 Management of companies and enterprises 35 30 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,770 2,050 1,720
61 Educational services 4,565 1,330 3,235
62 Health care and social assistance 7,890 1,055 6,835
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,820 975 845
72 Accommodation and food services 4,390 1,460 2,930
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,960 1,360 1,600
91 Public administration 3,455 1,745 1,715
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 70,790 36,115 34,670
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,395 1,500 1,895
Worked in 2010 67,390 34,610 32,780
1 to 13 weeks 3,535 1,570 1,965
14 to 26 weeks 5,285 2,490 2,790
27 to 39 weeks 3,950 2,080 1,870
40 to 48 weeks 9,110 4,500 4,605
49 to 52 weeks 45,520 23,970 21,545
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.4 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 70,790 36,115 34,670
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,395 1,500 1,895
Worked in 2010 67,395 34,615 32,780
Worked full-time in 2010 52,465 29,785 22,675
Worked part-time in 2010 14,930 4,825 10,105
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 65,435 33,380 32,055
Worked at home 3,525 1,860 1,670
Worked outside Canada 130 105 25
No fixed workplace address 6,760 4,950 1,810
Worked at usual place 55,015 26,465 28,545
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 61,775 31,415 30,360
Car, truck or van - as a driver 51,690 26,885 24,800
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,755 2,125 2,630
Public transit 1,725 670 1,050
Walked 2,550 1,070 1,480
Bicycle 440 370 75
Other methods 615 295 320
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 61,775 31,420 30,360
Median commuting duration 15.7 20.2 15.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 61,775 31,415 30,360
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 17,585 11,895 5,690
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 29,355 12,610 16,735
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 14,835 6,905 7,925
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 52,725 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 48,400 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,325 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 52,725 ... ...
1960 or before 20,310 ... ...
1961 to 1980 14,185 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,910 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,445 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,820 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,050 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 52,725 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,015 ... ...
5 rooms 7,225 ... ...
6 rooms 8,495 ... ...
7 rooms 8,740 ... ...
8 or more rooms 19,245 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 52,725 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 5,680 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,830 ... ...
3 bedrooms 22,640 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,575 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 52,725 ... ...
Owner 39,040 ... ...
Renter 13,535 ... ...
Band housing 150 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 52,725 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,555 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 49,170 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 52,725 ... ...
1 household maintainer 31,420 ... ...
2 household maintainers 20,520 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 785 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 52,730 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,670 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,765 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,235 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,675 ... ...
55 to 64 years 10,680 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,585 ... ...
75 years and over 6,120 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 52,725 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 52,135 ... ...
More than one person per room 590 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 52,730 ... ...
Suitable 50,200 ... ...
Not suitable 2,525 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 49,940 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 37,675 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 12,265 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 10,920 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 36,885 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,056 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,111 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 243,243 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 268,622 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 13,100 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 772 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 789 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 108,750 52,240 56,510
Without income 5,725 2,525 3,200
With income 103,025 49,710 53,315
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,000 4,560 5,440
$5,000 to $9,999 7,400 2,735 4,665
$10,000 to $14,999 9,295 3,105 6,190
$15,000 to $19,999 9,410 3,455 5,950
$20,000 to $29,999 16,635 6,995 9,645
$30,000 to $39,999 13,740 6,345 7,400
$40,000 to $49,999 11,270 6,110 5,160
$50,000 to $59,999 7,625 4,445 3,180
$60,000 to $79,999 8,840 5,850 2,995
$80,000 to $99,999 5,015 3,270 1,740
$100,000 and over 3,790 2,845 945
$100,000 to $124,999 1,950 1,405 545
$125,000 and over 1,845 1,440 400
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,142 36,244 23,854
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,402 45,001 30,318
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 108,750 52,235 56,510
Without after-tax income 5,735 2,525 3,210
With after-tax income 103,010 49,710 53,300
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,190 4,590 5,605
$5,000 to $9,999 7,555 2,765 4,795
$10,000 to $14,999 9,425 3,195 6,230
$15,000 to $19,999 10,135 3,770 6,370
$20,000 to $29,999 19,390 8,330 11,055
$30,000 to $39,999 16,425 8,255 8,170
$40,000 to $49,999 11,430 6,385 5,040
$50,000 to $59,999 7,015 4,505 2,510
$60,000 to $79,999 7,855 5,250 2,605
$80,000 to $99,999 1,965 1,390 575
$100,000 and over 1,625 1,275 345
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,911 32,834 22,676
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,045 37,633 26,834
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.7 87.5 78.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.4 75.9 67.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 68.7 71.1 65.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.8 4.9 2.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.3 3.4 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.4 6.8 5.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.5 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.3 12.5 21.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.4 3.9 5.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.5 2.5 4.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.8 2.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.1 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.6 4.2 5.0
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.3 16.4 11.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.7 83.6 88.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.4 1.0 1.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 37,755 21,340 16,415
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,101 52,304 39,092
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,344 61,961 44,440
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 38,360 ... ...
Median family income ($) 73,065 ... ...
Average family income ($) 85,970 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,012 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,324 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 13,665 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,287 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,147 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,221 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,135 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 17,150 ... ...
Median family income ($) 93,663 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,701 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,444 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,210 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 6,400 ... ...
Median family income ($) 40,384 ... ...
Average family income ($) 48,566 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,870 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,423 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 16,890 8,125 8,770
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 25,973 29,114 23,828
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,896 35,425 30,555
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,270 26,575 23,107
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,917 30,612 27,348
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 133,250 64,960 68,290
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 69,200 32,560 36,645
In bottom decile 12,020 5,800 6,220
In second decile 13,160 5,715 7,440
In third decile 14,755 6,765 7,995
In fourth decile 15,200 7,585 7,615
In fifth decile 14,070 6,690 7,375
In top half of the Canadian distribution 64,050 32,405 31,640
In sixth decile 14,720 7,280 7,440
In seventh decile 14,895 7,505 7,385
In eighth decile 13,550 6,910 6,640
In ninth decile 11,785 6,075 5,710
In top decile 9,095 4,630 4,470
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 52,725 ... ...
Under $5,000 975 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 745 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,000 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,555 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,220 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,995 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,370 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,130 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,140 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,815 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,055 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 52,725 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,020 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 755 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,000 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,750 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,350 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,660 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,520 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 9,120 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,875 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,960 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,110 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,855 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 52,725 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,665 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,082 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,796 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,608 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 13,235 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,116 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,925 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,528 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,616 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 39,495 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 73,041 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,869 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,990 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,327 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 127,035 62,060 64,975
Less than 18 years 28,505 14,505 13,995
Less than 6 years 8,760 4,760 3,995
18 to 64 years 80,265 39,255 41,010
65 years and over 18,270 8,300 9,965
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 16,555 7,625 8,925
Less than 18 years 4,890 2,645 2,245
Less than 6 years 1,630 910 715
18 to 64 years 10,200 4,535 5,665
65 years and over 1,465 445 1,015
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.0 12.3 13.7
Less than 18 years (%) 17.2 18.2 16.0
Less than 6 years (%) 18.6 19.1 17.9
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7 11.6 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.0 5.4 10.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brantford, CMA, Ontario (Code 543) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 26, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Brantford, CMA, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Brantford, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brantford, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 135,501 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 124,607  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 8.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 55,115 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 52,726 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 126.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,073.11 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 135,500 65,785 69,720
0 to 4 years 7,950 4,040 3,915
5 to 9 years 7,995 4,090 3,905
10 to 14 years 8,565 4,405 4,160
15 to 19 years 9,430 4,710 4,720
15 years 1,860 955 905
16 years 1,930 940 985
17 years 1,885 940 945
18 years 1,830 900 930
19 years 1,930 980 945
20 to 24 years 8,385 4,095 4,285
25 to 29 years 7,940 3,940 4,000
30 to 34 years 7,995 3,870 4,125
35 to 39 years 8,365 4,125 4,235
40 to 44 years 8,995 4,405 4,590
45 to 49 years 10,610 5,170 5,440
50 to 54 years 10,500 5,130 5,375
55 to 59 years 9,690 4,620 5,065
60 to 64 years 8,470 4,200 4,270
65 to 69 years 6,050 2,865 3,185
70 to 74 years 4,735 2,250 2,490
75 to 79 years 3,850 1,665 2,185
80 to 84 years 3,070 1,235 1,830
85 years and over 2,910 970 1,940
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.6 39.5 41.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.9 81.0 82.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 110,990 53,250 57,740
Married or living with a common-law partner 64,405 32,220 32,185
Married (and not separated) 53,540 26,780 26,755
Living common law 10,865 5,445 5,425
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 46,580 21,030 25,555
Single (never legally married) 28,805 15,335 13,465
Separated 4,045 1,680 2,360
Divorced 6,540 2,585 3,950
Widowed 7,200 1,420 5,775
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 39,030 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 19,240 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,690 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,565 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,540 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 39,030 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 31,680 ... ...
Married couples 26,270 ... ...
Without children at home 12,100 ... ...
With children at home 14,175 ... ...
1 child 5,330 ... ...
2 children 6,025 ... ...
3 or more children 2,825 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,405 ... ...
Without children at home 2,785 ... ...
With children at home 2,620 ... ...
1 child 1,240 ... ...
2 children 885 ... ...
3 or more children 495 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 7,350 ... ...
Female parent 5,890 ... ...
1 child 3,370 ... ...
2 children 1,755 ... ...
3 or more children 765 ... ...
Male parent 1,460 ... ...
1 child 990 ... ...
2 children 365 ... ...
3 or more children 110 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 43,175 ... ...
Under six years of age 9,375 ... ...
6 to 14 years 14,845 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,430 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,720 ... ...
25 years and over 4,810 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 133,245 64,820 68,430
Number of persons not in census families 19,365 8,935 10,430
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,595 1,120 1,470
Living with non-relatives only 3,540 2,035 1,510
Living alone 13,230 5,785 7,450
Number of census family persons 113,880 55,890 58,000
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 19,155 8,555 10,600
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,405 1,790 4,620
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 845 205 640
Living with non-relatives only 325 185 140
Living alone 5,235 1,395 3,840
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 12,750 6,770 5,975
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 52,725 ... ...
Census-family households 37,955 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 34,670 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 29,005 ... ...
Without children 13,620 ... ...
With children 15,385 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,665 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,290 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,250 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,360 ... ...
Without children 505 ... ...
With children 860 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 890 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,035 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,765 ... ...
One-person households 13,230 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,540 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 52,725 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,470 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 3,750 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 80 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 12,430 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,730 ... ...
Row house 3,705 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,535 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,335 ... ...
Other single-attached house 125 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 52,725 ... ...
1 person 13,230 ... ...
2 persons 18,175 ... ...
3 persons 8,765 ... ...
4 persons 7,875 ... ...
5 persons 3,075 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,610 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 133,250 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,915 65,220 68,700
  Single responses  132,765 64,685 68,075
    English  118,870 57,940 60,935
    French  1,365 645 725
    Non-official languages  12,520 6,110 6,415
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 15 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  15 10 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,045 5,865 6,180
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  20 15 10
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 5
        Albanian  40 20 20
        Amharic  0 5 0
        Arabic  265 145 125
        Armenian  30 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  20 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 0 10
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  120 55 65
        Chinese, n.o.s.  295 140 155
        Creoles  80 70 10
        Croatian  110 60 50
        Czech  50 20 25
        Danish  40 20 25
        Dutch  1,095 555 545
        Estonian  20 10 10
        Finnish  25 10 10
        Flemish  60 25 25
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  850 375 475
        Greek  170 85 80
        Gujarati  205 100 105
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  105 55 50
        Hungarian  710 365 350
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  1,345 695 655
        Japanese  40 20 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 15 10
        Korean  165 75 85
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  50 20 30
        Latvian  15 5 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  25 5 15
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  20 10 10
        Maltese  55 30 30
        Mandarin  85 40 50
        Marathi  20 10 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  600 300 300
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  70 35 35
        Polish  1,800 830 970
        Portuguese  760 360 400
        Romanian  140 60 80
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  80 30 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  115 60 50
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 15
        Slovak  90 40 50
        Slovenian  30 15 15
        Somali  20 10 10
        Spanish  455 240 215
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  15 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  300 110 190
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  35 15 15
        Telugu  45 20 20
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  30 20 15
        Ukrainian  360 155 200
        Urdu  250 130 120
        Vietnamese  515 245 270
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 450 225 220
  Multiple responses          1,155 530 625
    English and French  205 90 115
    English and non-official language  880 410 470
    French and non-official language  50 20 30
    English, French and non-official language 20 5 10
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,920 65,215 68,695
  English only 127,665 62,575 65,085
  French only 35 15 20
  English and French 5,620 2,360 3,260
  Neither English nor French 600 265 340
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,920 65,215 68,695
  English 132,020 64,365 67,645
  French 1,200 560 640
  English and French 145 65 85
  Neither English nor French 555 230 325
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,275 590 685
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 0.9 1.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,915 65,220 68,700
  Single responses 132,130 64,380 67,745
    English 127,025 61,905 65,125
    French 295 130 165
    Non-official languages 4,805 2,345 2,460
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 10 0 10
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,605 2,235 2,365
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
        Albanian 20 10 10
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 130 65 60
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 10 5 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 10 0 5
        Bosnian 5 5 0
        Bulgarian 5 5 5
        Burmese 0 5 0
        Cantonese 70 30 40
        Chinese, n.o.s. 185 90 100
        Creoles 75 70 5
        Croatian 25 15 10
        Czech 25 15 10
        Danish 5 0 0
        Dutch 110 50 55
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 95 45 50
        Greek 60 35 25
        Gujarati 135 70 65
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 65 35 30
        Hungarian 155 70 90
        Ilocano 10 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 395 175 220
        Japanese 30 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10
        Korean 115 55 55
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 25 10 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 5 0
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 10 5 0
        Maltese 5 0 0
        Mandarin 80 35 45
        Marathi 10 5 5
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 410 205 210
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 40 20 20
        Polish 755 345 405
        Portuguese 220 95 120
        Romanian 65 30 35
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 40 15 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 40 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 30 15 15
        Slovenian 5 5 0
        Somali 15 10 5
        Spanish 235 140 100
        Swahili 5 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 105 50 55
        Taiwanese 5 5 5
        Tamil 15 10 5
        Telugu 25 15 15
        Thai 5 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 5 0
        Turkish 15 10 10
        Ukrainian 60 25 35
        Urdu 155 80 80
        Vietnamese 400 190 215
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 185 105 80
  Multiple responses         1,790 835 950
    English and French 120 50 65
    English and non-official language 1,645 775 870
    French and non-official language 5 5 0
    English, French and non-official language 15 5 10
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 133,920 65,215 68,700
  None 126,375 61,670 64,705
  Single responses  7,430 3,500 3,930
    English  2,075 1,035 1,040
    French  880 380 505
    Non-official languages  4,470 2,085 2,390
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 20 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 10 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  25 10 15
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,095 1,915 2,180
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  10 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  15 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  105 55 50
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Bengali  5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 0 5
        Bosnian  10 0 5
        Bulgarian  5 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 10 20
        Chinese, n.o.s.  75 30 40
        Creoles  20 5 10
        Croatian  35 20 15
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  370 185 190
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  25 15 10
        Fukien  0 0 5
        German  305 125 185
        Greek  85 45 35
        Gujarati  40 15 25
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  65 35 35
        Hungarian  205 100 105
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Italian  535 265 270
        Japanese  15 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 0 5
        Korean  45 20 25
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 0 10
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  25 10 15
        Mandarin  20 10 15
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  155 90 70
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  20 10 5
        Polish  580 265 320
        Portuguese  330 155 175
        Romanian  40 15 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  20 5 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  55 35 20
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 5 15
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  25 15 10
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  215 105 105
        Swahili  0 0 0
        Swedish  10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  140 45 100
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  10 0 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 5
        Ukrainian  95 35 60
        Urdu  65 35 30
        Vietnamese  100 50 50
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 345 155 195
  Multiple responses          110 50 60
    English and French  5 0 5
    English and non-official language  30 15 15
    French and non-official language  65 30 40
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brantford, CMA, Ontario (Code 543) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 26, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Brantford, CMA, Ontario

  • Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Brantford (Census metropolitan area), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Brantford, CMA, Ontario (Census metropolitan area)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the