NHS Profile, Vancouver, CMA, British Columbia, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Vancouver, CMA, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CMA
British Columbia
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 2,280,700 1,116,840 1,163,860
Canadian citizens 2,005,100 987,710 1,017,385
Canadian citizens aged under 18 400,915 208,160 192,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,604,180 779,555 824,630
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 275,595 129,125 146,470
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 2,280,695 1,116,840 1,163,860
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 1,315,700 662,910 652,785
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 913,310 429,270 484,035
Before 1971 114,615 56,380 58,240
1971 to 1980 114,900 54,560 60,335
1981 to 1990 126,010 58,425 67,590
1991 to 2000 264,905 122,320 142,590
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 292,870 137,585 155,290
2001 to 2005 137,745 64,260 73,490
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 155,125 73,325 81,795
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 51,690 24,655 27,035
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 913,310 429,270 484,040
Under 5 years 74,555 37,645 36,905
5 to 14 years 151,455 78,555 72,905
15 to 24 years 196,665 89,010 107,655
25 to 44 years 377,540 171,280 206,260
45 years and over 113,095 52,780 60,320
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 2,280,700 1,116,835 1,163,855
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 1,315,700 662,910 652,785
Born in province of residence 954,520 483,575 470,945
Born outside province of residence 361,180 179,335 181,840
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 913,310 429,270 484,040
Americas 61,335 28,535 32,795
United States 26,240 12,490 13,750
Jamaica 1,980 865 1,115
Guyana 895 400 495
Haiti 275 120 150
Mexico 6,535 2,960 3,570
Trinidad and Tobago 2,045 920 1,125
Colombia 2,610 1,130 1,480
El Salvador 4,895 2,200 2,695
Peru 2,485 1,030 1,460
Chile 1,940 870 1,065
Other places of birth in Americas 11,435 5,545 5,885
Europe 173,350 85,575 87,775
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 61,255 30,080 31,170
Italy 10,995 5,865 5,130
Germany 14,205 6,850 7,355
Poland 10,010 4,730 5,280
Portugal 4,645 2,225 2,415
Netherlands 7,165 3,700 3,460
France 3,315 1,730 1,585
Romania 6,430 3,165 3,270
Russian Federation 6,815 3,090 3,730
Greece 2,685 1,430 1,250
Ukraine 5,160 2,380 2,780
Croatia 3,970 1,970 2,000
Hungary 3,450 1,735 1,715
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,790 1,930 1,860
Serbia 4,005 2,030 1,980
Ireland, Republic of 2,755 1,475 1,285
Other places of birth in Europe 22,700 11,195 11,505
Africa 28,160 13,945 14,215
Morocco 700 375 320
Algeria 410 280 130
Egypt 1,420 825 595
South Africa, Republic of 8,035 3,920 4,110
Nigeria 990 660 330
Ethiopia 1,440 695 740
Kenya 3,905 1,715 2,190
Other places of birth in Africa 11,270 5,475 5,790
Asia 627,055 289,940 337,115
India 111,270 54,470 56,790
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 159,200 71,970 87,230
Philippines 87,945 37,040 50,910
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 72,235 33,915 38,320
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 22,930 10,305 12,625
Pakistan 7,765 3,980 3,780
Sri Lanka 4,175 2,175 1,995
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 28,475 14,205 14,275
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 34,370 16,040 18,330
Lebanon 1,490 795 690
Taiwan 40,730 18,970 21,755
Iraq 3,270 1,760 1,510
Bangladesh 1,390 745 650
Afghanistan 3,425 1,710 1,710
Japan 10,295 3,320 6,980
Turkey 1,925 1,155 770
Other places of birth in Asia 36,180 17,385 18,795
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 23,410 11,265 12,145
Fiji 16,605 7,700 8,895
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 6,810 3,565 3,245
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 51,690 24,660 27,035
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 155,125 73,330 81,795
Americas 11,635 5,705 5,925
United States 5,235 2,665 2,570
Mexico 2,160 1,105 1,055
Cuba 220 135 85
Haiti 35 0 25
Jamaica 125 50 80
Brazil 730 305 425
Colombia 805 345 460
Guyana 50 20 30
Peru 560 205 355
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 215 85 125
Other places of birth in Americas 1,485 775 710
Europe 14,975 7,805 7,175
France 585 350 235
Germany 1,045 485 560
Poland 485 245 240
Romania 1,335 675 660
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 330 160 170
Russian Federation 2,155 940 1,210
Ukraine 715 300 415
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,805 2,805 2,005
Other places of birth in Europe 3,515 1,845 1,670
Africa 4,415 2,175 2,235
Nigeria 470 315 155
Ethiopia 335 125 215
Mauritius 200 110 95
Somalia 130 60 75
Algeria 115 40 75
Egypt 265 135 130
Morocco 195 70 120
Tunisia 85 30 50
Cameroon 25 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 130 65 65
South Africa, Republic of 875 445 425
Other places of birth in Africa 1,585 765 820
Asia 121,670 56,245 65,425
Philippines 25,005 11,415 13,585
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 36,940 16,405 20,535
India 20,500 10,230 10,265
Pakistan 1,675 825 845
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 6,510 3,200 3,315
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 8,770 3,945 4,825
Sri Lanka 1,085 590 495
Iraq 1,300 675 625
Bangladesh 355 195 155
Lebanon 265 170 95
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,485 465 1,015
Taiwan 5,290 2,490 2,795
Afghanistan 800 400 400
Japan 2,125 580 1,550
Turkey 770 450 320
Israel 430 195 235
Nepal 385 180 205
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,615 720 895
United Arab Emirates 230 100 130
Saudi Arabia 350 215 135
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 165 75 90
Other places of birth in Asia 5,630 2,725 2,910
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 2,430 1,395 1,040
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 2,280,700 1,116,840 1,163,855
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 973,595 458,575 515,020
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 575,140 290,090 285,050
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 731,965 368,170 363,790
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 2,280,695 1,116,840 1,163,860
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 1,030,335 493,705 536,630
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 252,405 126,695 125,705
Chinese 411,470 195,280 216,195
Black 23,545 12,245 11,300
Filipino 112,090 48,420 63,665
Latin American 29,125 14,085 15,040
Arab 11,840 6,740 5,100
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 44,225 21,295 22,930
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 37,030 18,530 18,500
Korean 48,425 22,785 25,640
Japanese 28,345 12,125 16,225
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 4,345 2,125 2,225
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 27,490 13,380 14,110
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 1,250,360 623,130 627,230
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 2,280,700 1,116,840 1,163,860
North American Aboriginal origins 64,945 30,355 34,590
First Nations (North American Indian) 46,755 21,805 24,950
Inuit 655 320 335
Métis 19,770 9,170 10,605
Other North American origins 351,175 176,140 175,035
Acadian 1,410 755 660
American 31,205 15,225 15,980
Canadian 327,910 164,400 163,510
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 505 335 170
Nova Scotian 60 40 25
Ontarian 40 20 20
Québécois 570 215 355
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 405 175 230
European origins 1,183,155 586,305 596,845
British Isles origins 760,785 377,495 383,290
Channel Islander 195 100 100
Cornish 225 135 95
English 474,030 233,700 240,330
Irish 258,875 125,190 133,680
Manx 570 305 270
Scottish 332,830 163,245 169,590
Welsh 42,795 20,335 22,465
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 48,790 23,445 25,345
French origins 140,220 67,195 73,025
Alsatian 75 35 45
Breton 40 20 15
French 140,155 67,165 72,990
Western European origins (except French origins) 298,515 146,645 151,870
Austrian 20,205 9,500 10,700
Belgian 7,420 3,880 3,545
Dutch 73,535 36,170 37,360
Flemish 910 445 465
Frisian 315 170 150
German 211,410 103,980 107,430
Luxembourger 325 175 150
Swiss 11,405 5,565 5,845
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 175 60 115
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 124,305 60,375 63,925
Danish 23,245 11,205 12,040
Finnish 13,490 6,630 6,850
Icelandic 9,410 4,455 4,955
Norwegian 46,870 22,980 23,890
Swedish 38,780 18,340 20,440
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 4,215 2,155 2,060
Eastern European origins 230,615 111,420 119,195
Bulgarian 2,305 1,180 1,125
Byelorussian 1,420 705 710
Czech 9,785 5,090 4,690
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 2,760 1,310 1,450
Estonian 2,090 1,010 1,085
Hungarian 23,455 11,475 11,985
Latvian 1,985 1,030 960
Lithuanian 2,980 1,310 1,670
Moldovan 540 310 230
Polish 63,645 30,590 33,055
Romanian 15,555 7,665 7,885
Russian 51,505 24,580 26,925
Slovak 6,155 2,865 3,295
Ukrainian 84,640 40,075 44,565
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 1,245 580 670
Southern European origins 180,925 89,765 91,160
Albanian 1,060 535 520
Bosnian 2,385 1,200 1,180
Croatian 13,025 6,495 6,530
Cypriot 155 80 75
Greek 13,290 6,790 6,500
Italian 82,440 41,835 40,605
Kosovar 295 165 130
Macedonian 645 285 365
Maltese 1,075 495 580
Montenegrin 285 120 165
Portuguese 21,690 11,015 10,680
Serbian 8,405 4,245 4,165
Sicilian 180 155 25
Slovenian 2,775 1,325 1,450
Spanish 41,530 18,810 22,720
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 4,275 2,195 2,085
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 60 35 25
Other European origins 28,580 14,705 13,870
Basque 380 165 215
Jewish 21,920 11,145 10,770
Roma (Gypsy) 400 170 230
Slavic, n.o.s. 420 240 180
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 5,645 3,080 2,565
Caribbean origins 12,950 6,680 6,270
Antiguan 135 85 50
Bahamian 95 55 45
Barbadian 915 485 430
Bermudan 140 70 70
Carib 190 120 70
Cuban 960 540 420
Dominican 390 140 255
Grenadian 185 105 80
Haitian 310 190 125
Jamaican 4,895 2,445 2,450
Kittitian/Nevisian 40 10 25
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 280 160 125
St. Lucian 75 40 30
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,725 1,390 1,330
Vincentian/Grenadinian 275 180 95
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,155 530 630
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 770 425 350
Latin, Central and South American origins 38,485 18,955 19,530
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 1,275 520 750
Argentinian 980 425 560
Belizean 45 30 15
Bolivian 195 90 100
Brazilian 1,985 1,025 960
Chilean 3,420 1,675 1,745
Colombian 3,525 1,740 1,785
Costa Rican 375 150 220
Ecuadorian 460 210 255
Guatemalan 1,640 835 810
Guyanese 915 425 490
Hispanic 1,020 565 460
Honduran 1,015 465 555
Maya 610 350 255
Mexican 10,965 5,520 5,440
Nicaraguan 1,005 525 485
Panamanian 230 70 160
Paraguayan 220 130 85
Peruvian 2,295 1,005 1,295
Salvadorean 6,450 3,280 3,165
Uruguayan 210 115 95
Venezuelan 825 410 410
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 1,415 715 695
African origins 32,475 16,350 16,125
Central and West African origins 3,660 2,050 1,610
Akan 55 20 40
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 55 25 30
Beninese 15 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 85 55 30
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 520 240 280
Gabonese 25 0 0
Gambian 25 15 0
Ghanaian 875 470 410
Guinean 55 20 35
Ibo 145 55 85
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 170 60 110
Malian 40 30 0
Nigerian 1,280 755 525
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 40 35 0
Togolese 105 80 25
Yoruba 245 165 80
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 225 130 95
North African origins 5,325 2,830 2,500
Algerian 525 295 225
Berber 160 100 55
Coptic 75 30 45
Dinka 30 0 0
Egyptian 2,375 1,260 1,110
Libyan 270 155 110
Maure 50 20 35
Moroccan 955 480 475
Sudanese 760 375 380
Tunisian 215 95 120
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 100 70 25
Southern and East African origins 13,545 6,515 7,025
Afrikaner 350 180 175
Amhara 135 85 50
Bantu, n.o.s. 20 15 0
Burundian 110 55 50
Eritrean 875 415 455
Ethiopian 1,610 840 765
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 755 330 430
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 425 215 205
Oromo 95 40 60
Rwandan 185 90 100
Seychellois 10 0 0
Somali 1,140 565 585
South African 6,000 2,825 3,175
Tanzanian 410 190 215
Tigrian 80 65 15
Ugandan 535 250 275
Zambian 135 70 70
Zimbabwean 415 235 175
Zulu 55 0 50
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 920 455 460
Other African origins 10,485 5,260 5,225
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,035 550 485
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 9,525 4,755 4,770
Asian origins 979,135 467,410 511,725
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 66,875 34,215 32,660
Afghan 5,095 2,535 2,560
Arab, n.o.s. 4,535 2,590 1,945
Armenian 2,700 1,190 1,515
Assyrian 410 230 180
Azerbaijani 710 375 340
Georgian 325 155 165
Iranian 36,120 18,215 17,910
Iraqi 2,785 1,470 1,315
Israeli 985 435 550
Jordanian 460 255 205
Kazakh 245 90 150
Kurd 1,350 765 585
Kuwaiti 135 100 35
Lebanese 4,325 2,160 2,165
Palestinian 1,385 790 590
Pashtun 310 140 170
Saudi Arabian 1,160 700 450
Syrian 1,210 660 545
Tajik 395 200 195
Tatar 265 130 130
Turk 4,395 2,385 2,010
Uighur 120 50 70
Uzbek 265 120 145
Yemeni 165 90 75
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,360 690 670
South Asian origins 248,560 124,800 123,760
Bangladeshi 1,060 565 495
Bengali 500 285 225
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 217,820 109,190 108,630
Goan 250 145 110
Gujarati 510 225 280
Kashmiri 60 30 30
Nepali 985 470 525
Pakistani 8,865 4,655 4,210
Punjabi 18,490 9,255 9,235
Sinhalese 525 275 250
Sri Lankan 4,815 2,505 2,310
Tamil 1,140 585 560
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 3,850 1,920 1,930
East and Southeast Asian origins 668,300 310,655 357,650
Burmese 1,965 905 1,065
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,945 980 965
Chinese 432,680 205,200 227,480
Filipino 120,645 52,530 68,120
Hmong 200 120 80
Indonesian 4,055 1,930 2,125
Japanese 34,085 14,755 19,330
Korean 49,880 23,530 26,340
Laotian 1,590 790 795
Malaysian 3,735 1,740 1,995
Mongolian 890 415 465
Singaporean 855 425 425
Taiwanese 16,600 7,955 8,645
Thai 2,715 1,135 1,580
Tibetan 225 120 105
Vietnamese 31,075 14,715 16,360
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 1,180 600 580
Other Asian origins 1,770 800 970
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 1,770 800 970
Oceania origins 23,330 11,355 11,970
Australian 6,385 3,235 3,150
New Zealander 2,780 1,390 1,390
Pacific Islands origins 14,350 6,830 7,520
Fijian 12,760 6,125 6,640
Hawaiian 635 305 325
Maori 395 180 220
Polynesian, n.o.s. 215 85 130
Samoan 205 115 90
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 440 140 300
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 2,280,695 1,116,840 1,163,860
Buddhist 78,465 34,660 43,810
Christian 950,170 433,825 516,345
Anglican 84,810 37,260 47,555
Baptist 41,810 18,905 22,905
Catholic 378,265 175,275 202,990
Christian Orthodox 31,895 15,525 16,370
Lutheran 29,105 13,185 15,915
Pentecostal 24,900 11,455 13,450
Presbyterian 22,640 10,160 12,475
United Church 87,565 36,825 50,740
Other Christian 249,180 115,235 133,950
Hindu 40,030 20,095 19,935
Jewish 18,730 9,320 9,415
Muslim 73,215 36,585 36,635
Sikh 155,945 78,180 77,770
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,550 775 775
Other religions 17,185 7,320 9,865
No religious affiliation 945,405 496,090 449,315
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 2,280,700 1,116,840 1,163,855
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 52,375 25,065 27,305
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 31,670 15,180 16,485
Métis single identity 18,485 8,775 9,705
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 385 220 170
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 730 295 430
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,105 585 520
Non-Aboriginal identity 2,228,325 1,091,770 1,136,550
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,280,695 1,116,840 1,163,855
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 20,550 9,770 10,785
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 2,260,145 1,107,070 1,153,070
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 2,280,695 1,116,840 1,163,855
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 64,945 30,360 34,590
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 46,755 21,805 24,950
Métis ancestry 19,775 9,165 10,605
Inuit ancestry 660 325 335
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 2,215,750 1,086,480 1,129,270
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 1,080,870 511,080 569,790
Aboriginal languages 1,570 675 900
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 40 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 325 165 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 115 65 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 95 50 45
Dene 60 25 30
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 990 370 625
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,079,380 510,440 568,940
Italian 24,635 12,390 12,245
Portuguese 11,760 5,780 5,975
Romanian 7,285 3,630 3,650
Spanish 64,820 30,785 34,030
Dutch 10,270 4,780 5,495
Flemish 245 135 110
German 40,980 20,100 20,875
Yiddish 465 245 215
Danish 3,030 1,475 1,555
Norwegian 1,410 685 720
Swedish 2,345 1,055 1,290
Afrikaans 4,400 2,170 2,230
Gaelic languages 790 430 365
Bosnian 1,215 645 580
Bulgarian 1,755 915 835
Croatian 6,700 3,315 3,390
Czech 3,795 1,850 1,950
Macedonian 290 140 150
Polish 13,400 6,340 7,060
Russian 20,670 9,955 10,715
Serbian 7,515 3,830 3,685
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 475 615
Slovak 2,555 1,200 1,350
Slovenian 680 290 390
Ukrainian 5,950 2,355 3,595
Latvian 350 140 210
Lithuanian 235 115 115
Greek 6,535 3,295 3,240
Armenian 1,110 505 605
Albanian 1,040 530 510
Estonian 585 250 335
Finnish 1,985 890 1,100
Hungarian 6,350 3,095 3,250
Turkish 4,570 2,655 1,915
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 195 105 85
Somali 710 360 350
Amharic 1,445 730 715
Arabic 14,705 8,115 6,595
Hebrew 3,910 2,010 1,900
Maltese 55 15 40
Tigrigna 670 325 345
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 720 395 325
Bengali 2,235 1,215 1,020
Gujarati 8,860 4,170 4,695
Hindi 58,710 29,030 29,675
Konkani 285 140 145
Marathi 610 350 260
Panjabi (Punjabi) 164,895 82,675 82,220
Sindhi 2,400 1,035 1,365
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,120 1,070 1,050
Urdu 12,080 6,185 5,895
Nepali 855 420 435
Kurdish 1,415 800 620
Pashto 1,200 680 525
Persian (Farsi) 37,600 18,615 18,985
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 830 395 435
Kannada 365 160 200
Malayalam 1,765 965 795
Tamil 4,950 2,575 2,375
Telugu 730 380 350
Japanese 26,145 11,045 15,100
Korean 46,320 21,505 24,815
Cantonese 162,425 75,640 86,780
Fukien 2,500 1,130 1,370
Hakka 1,100 405 695
Mandarin 138,895 64,015 74,880
Taiwanese 8,605 3,995 4,615
Chinese, n.o.s. 105,695 49,385 56,310
Lao 1,285 580 700
Thai 2,575 1,070 1,500
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,135 545 585
Vietnamese 27,110 12,435 14,675
Bisayan languages 3,925 1,610 2,315
Ilocano 3,925 1,455 2,465
Malay 5,725 2,725 2,995
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 89,845 36,525 53,320
Akan (Twi) 450 220 225
Lingala 315 100 210
Rundi (Kirundi) 95 50 40
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 105 50 45
Swahili 2,545 1,315 1,230
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 575 250 330
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,105 640 465
African languages, n.i.e. 865 405 465
Creoles 1,015 500 515
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 14,360 6,765 7,590
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 2,258,660 1,105,620 1,153,040
Non-movers 1,930,150 943,550 986,600
Movers 328,510 162,070 166,435
Non-migrants 178,840 88,015 90,830
Migrants 149,670 74,060 75,610
Internal migrants 103,895 51,625 52,270
Intraprovincial migrants 84,885 42,150 42,735
Interprovincial migrants 19,005 9,470 9,535
External migrants 45,775 22,435 23,340
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 2,165,390 1,057,495 1,107,895
Non-movers 1,220,650 593,220 627,425
Movers 944,745 464,275 480,465
Non-migrants 471,030 231,315 239,710
Migrants 473,715 232,960 240,750
Internal migrants 302,110 149,945 152,160
Intraprovincial migrants 237,750 117,175 120,570
Interprovincial migrants 64,365 32,775 31,590
External migrants 171,605 83,015 88,590
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,926,230 933,190 993,035
No certificate, diploma or degree 280,875 135,290 145,585
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 515,760 245,150 270,615
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,129,590 552,755 576,835
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 155,735 102,335 53,400
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 313,630 136,305 177,330
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 126,575 55,840 70,735
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 533,650 258,280 275,370
Bachelor's degree 339,435 160,305 179,135
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 194,215 97,975 96,235
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,330,725 643,605 687,120
No certificate, diploma or degree 111,340 56,180 55,150
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 306,890 146,940 159,950
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 912,495 440,485 472,015
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 113,380 74,580 38,800
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 247,680 107,685 139,995
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 97,550 42,870 54,685
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 453,890 215,355 238,540
Bachelor's degree 287,230 134,390 152,845
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 166,660 80,965 85,695
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 1,926,230 933,190 993,035
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 796,635 380,440 416,200
Education 73,880 17,335 56,545
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 59,000 28,120 30,885
Humanities 77,160 29,710 47,450
Social and behavioural sciences and law 133,470 50,290 83,175
Business, management and public administration 246,785 106,255 140,530
Physical and life sciences and technologies 51,820 27,510 24,310
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 50,975 32,250 18,730
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 213,560 190,835 22,725
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 17,215 10,515 6,700
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 154,260 33,985 120,280
Personal, protective and transportation services 51,310 25,900 25,410
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 155 50 100
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 1,926,225 933,195 993,035
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 796,640 380,440 416,200
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,129,590 552,755 576,835
Location of study inside Canada 781,610 383,690 397,915
Same as province or territory of residence 629,825 305,190 324,635
Another province or territory 151,790 78,500 73,280
Location of study outside Canada 347,975 169,060 178,920
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 1,357,715 698,450 659,265
Single responses 1,332,110 685,970 646,135
English 1,260,660 649,240 611,420
French 3,045 910 2,140
Non-official languages 68,400 35,820 32,580
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,435 8,565 7,870
Cantonese 14,890 7,495 7,395
Panjabi (Punjabi) 12,340 7,015 5,325
Mandarin 10,735 5,830 4,905
Spanish 1,060 590 470
Korean 5,070 2,765 2,300
German 180 95 85
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 135 45 95
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 7,555 3,425 4,125
Multiple responses 25,610 12,475 13,130
English and French 1,955 775 1,180
English and non-official language 23,335 11,535 11,805
French and non-official language 25 20 0
English, French and non-official language 295 150 140
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 1,357,720 698,450 659,270
English 1,260,665 649,240 611,425
French 3,045 910 2,140
Non-official language 68,400 35,825 32,580
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 68,400 35,820 32,580
English and French 1,955 780 1,180
English and non-official language 23,340 11,530 11,805
French and non-official language 25 15 0
English, French and non-official language 290 155 145
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 1,926,225 933,190 993,030
In the labour force 1,273,335 660,465 612,870
Employed 1,182,395 613,760 568,630
Unemployed 90,940 46,705 44,240
Not in the labour force 652,895 272,725 380,165
Participation rate 66.1 70.8 61.7
Employment rate 61.4 65.8 57.3
Unemployment rate 7.1 7.1 7.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 1,273,330 660,465 612,870
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 27,580 12,970 14,610
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,245,755 647,495 598,260
Employee 1,089,895 548,785 541,110
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 155,860 98,705 57,155
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 1,273,335 660,465 612,870
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 27,580 12,970 14,605
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,245,760 647,495 598,265
0 Management occupations 148,580 92,340 56,240
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 218,815 69,910 148,910
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 95,470 76,010 19,460
3 Health occupations 76,705 18,005 58,700
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 143,590 49,110 94,480
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 50,830 26,020 24,815
6 Sales and service occupations 303,770 135,720 168,055
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 152,665 143,870 8,795
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 16,955 11,675 5,280
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 38,365 24,840 13,530
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 1,273,335 660,465 612,870
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 27,575 12,970 14,605
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,245,760 647,495 598,265
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 12,700 6,790 5,910
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 5,065 3,525 1,540
22 Utilities 7,465 4,940 2,520
23 Construction 84,540 74,370 10,170
31-33 Manufacturing 81,645 56,115 25,530
41 Wholesale trade 60,430 39,890 20,540
44-45 Retail trade 135,255 63,900 71,355
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 68,600 51,615 16,980
51 Information and cultural industries 45,020 27,855 17,165
52 Finance and insurance 62,665 26,345 36,320
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 33,160 18,460 14,690
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 120,590 68,440 52,150
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,745 935 805
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 56,845 32,120 24,720
61 Educational services 93,595 32,695 60,900
62 Health care and social assistance 125,500 24,960 100,540
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 30,565 15,850 14,715
72 Accommodation and food services 97,015 42,285 54,730
81 Other services (except public administration) 61,695 25,380 36,315
91 Public administration 61,680 31,015 30,665
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 1,273,330 660,465 612,870
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 69,305 32,830 36,475
Worked in 2010 1,204,025 627,635 576,390
1 to 13 weeks 63,945 30,245 33,700
14 to 26 weeks 95,440 45,735 49,710
27 to 39 weeks 80,075 38,990 41,085
40 to 48 weeks 235,210 119,195 116,015
49 to 52 weeks 729,355 393,470 335,890
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.3 44.8 43.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 1,273,335 660,465 612,870
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 69,305 32,835 36,475
Worked in 2010 1,204,025 627,635 576,390
Worked full-time in 2010 941,600 534,815 406,785
Worked part-time in 2010 262,430 92,820 169,610
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 1,182,390 613,760 568,630
Worked at home 88,740 43,305 45,435
Worked outside Canada 9,540 6,925 2,615
No fixed workplace address 154,425 111,680 42,745
Worked at usual place 929,685 451,845 477,835
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 1,084,110 563,525 520,575
Car, truck or van - as a driver 714,325 402,010 312,305
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 53,600 20,180 33,420
Public transit 213,680 91,445 122,245
Walked 68,020 29,570 38,450
Bicycle 19,545 12,430 7,115
Other methods 14,940 7,890 7,050
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 1,084,105 563,530 520,580
Median commuting duration 25.6 30.0 23.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 1,084,110 563,530 520,580
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 241,250 152,995 88,255
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 597,810 289,700 308,115
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 245,045 120,840 124,210
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 891,305 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 832,575 ... ...
Major repairs needed 58,730 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 891,305 ... ...
1960 or before 142,215 ... ...
1961 to 1980 251,810 ... ...
1981 to 1990 162,625 ... ...
1991 to 2000 171,625 ... ...
2001 to 2005 74,545 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 88,495 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 891,305 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 349,145 ... ...
5 rooms 123,240 ... ...
6 rooms 96,985 ... ...
7 rooms 80,790 ... ...
8 or more rooms 241,150 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 891,310 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 210,245 ... ...
2 bedrooms 232,160 ... ...
3 bedrooms 211,260 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 237,645 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 891,310 ... ...
Owner 583,425 ... ...
Renter 307,555 ... ...
Band housing 335 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 891,305 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 279,535 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 611,775 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 891,305 ... ...
1 household maintainer 522,480 ... ...
2 household maintainers 335,820 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 33,010 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 891,310 ... ...
Under 25 years 28,800 ... ...
25 to 34 years 130,170 ... ...
35 to 44 years 175,255 ... ...
45 to 54 years 209,620 ... ...
55 to 64 years 168,710 ... ...
65 to 74 years 95,985 ... ...
75 years and over 82,770 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 891,305 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 854,170 ... ...
More than one person per room 37,135 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 891,310 ... ...
Suitable 808,040 ... ...
Not suitable 83,265 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 883,185 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 587,460 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 295,720 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 227,945 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 580,075 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 27.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,246 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,420 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 598,085 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 691,550 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 306,105 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 968 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,054 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 1,926,225 933,195 993,035
Without income 108,755 47,850 60,910
With income 1,817,475 885,340 932,130
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 240,115 114,430 125,685
$5,000 to $9,999 127,325 46,340 80,980
$10,000 to $14,999 172,770 72,450 100,330
$15,000 to $19,999 166,400 65,265 101,135
$20,000 to $29,999 226,675 98,905 127,770
$30,000 to $39,999 199,595 91,325 108,270
$40,000 to $49,999 175,230 82,605 92,625
$50,000 to $59,999 130,545 71,265 59,280
$60,000 to $79,999 174,780 103,175 71,600
$80,000 to $99,999 90,340 57,020 33,320
$100,000 and over 113,705 82,565 31,140
$100,000 to $124,999 51,645 35,595 16,040
$125,000 and over 62,060 46,965 15,095
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,726 34,872 23,997
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 41,031 49,451 33,033
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 1,926,225 933,190 993,035
Without after-tax income 108,990 47,775 61,215
With after-tax income 1,817,240 885,420 931,820
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 243,845 115,975 127,865
$5,000 to $9,999 129,145 46,790 82,355
$10,000 to $14,999 176,265 73,930 102,335
$15,000 to $19,999 175,960 69,710 106,250
$20,000 to $29,999 260,665 115,465 145,200
$30,000 to $39,999 239,860 110,920 128,940
$40,000 to $49,999 191,285 98,615 92,670
$50,000 to $59,999 132,560 76,810 55,750
$60,000 to $79,999 150,505 92,880 57,630
$80,000 to $99,999 58,385 39,995 18,395
$100,000 and over 58,760 44,335 14,420
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,796 31,781 22,830
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,728 40,856 28,906
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.4 93.0 86.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.2 80.6 72.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 72.2 74.7 68.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.0 5.8 3.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.3 5.7 7.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.1 5.2 4.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.5 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.6 7.0 13.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.8 2.3 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.7 1.9 3.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 1.0 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.7 1.6 1.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.4 17.4 12.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.6 82.6 87.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.4 3.7 3.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 631,975 359,835 272,145
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 50,016 55,401 44,641
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 61,416 69,521 50,699
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 608,680 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,006 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,723 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,346 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,211 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 198,820 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,539 ... ...
Average family income ($) 95,932 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,106 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,825 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 300,640 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,801 ... ...
Average family income ($) 115,407 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,771 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 97,313 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 84,410 ... ...
Median family income ($) 45,213 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,880 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 42,648 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,513 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 358,765 173,405 185,365
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,355 32,062 27,144
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,668 41,812 35,728
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,237 29,170 25,589
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,035 35,109 31,096
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 2,280,700 1,116,840 1,163,855
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 1,093,455 520,225 573,230
In bottom decile 283,130 136,825 146,310
In second decile 222,585 101,080 121,505
In third decile 192,410 90,710 101,700
In fourth decile 193,280 93,305 99,980
In fifth decile 202,050 98,320 103,735
In top half of the Canadian distribution 1,187,240 596,610 590,630
In sixth decile 211,080 103,035 108,050
In seventh decile 215,290 107,805 107,485
In eighth decile 230,370 115,380 114,990
In ninth decile 252,370 128,365 124,005
In top decile 278,125 142,020 136,100
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 891,310 ... ...
Under $5,000 36,620 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 19,710 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 29,750 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 45,405 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 72,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 75,850 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 75,605 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 67,270 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 120,390 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 94,970 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 86,405 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 57,695 ... ...
$150,000 and over 109,200 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 891,310 ... ...
Under $5,000 37,705 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 19,945 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 30,080 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 47,170 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 80,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 90,005 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 86,920 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 78,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 131,440 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 97,585 ... ...
$100,000 and over 191,625 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 81,270 ... ...
$125,000 and over 110,355 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 891,310 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 63,347 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 83,666 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,660 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,806 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 250,630 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,179 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 43,312 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 31,080 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,735 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 640,680 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 79,768 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 99,452 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 71,211 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 84,134 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 2,272,730 1,113,050 1,159,685
Less than 18 years 439,425 228,485 210,940
Less than 6 years 137,420 70,610 66,810
18 to 64 years 1,542,145 751,385 790,760
65 years and over 291,160 133,180 157,985
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 395,095 186,420 208,675
Less than 18 years 85,535 44,550 40,980
Less than 6 years 23,805 12,410 11,395
18 to 64 years 264,285 124,165 140,120
65 years and over 45,270 17,700 27,570
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.4 16.7 18.0
Less than 18 years (%) 19.5 19.5 19.4
Less than 6 years (%) 17.3 17.6 17.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.1 16.5 17.7
65 years and over (%) 15.5 13.3 17.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vancouver, CMA, British Columbia (Code 933) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 5, 2016).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Vancouver, CMA, British Columbia

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Vancouver, CMA, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CMA
British Columbia
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 2,313,328 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 2,116,581 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 9.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 949,565 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 891,336 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 802.5 ... ...
Land area (square km) 2,882.55 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 2,313,330 1,130,375 1,182,955
0 to 4 years 115,185 59,275 55,905
5 to 9 years 114,390 58,725 55,665
10 to 14 years 124,880 64,365 60,515
15 to 19 years 145,190 75,075 70,120
15 years 28,165 14,570 13,600
16 years 28,785 15,090 13,695
17 years 28,980 14,990 13,990
18 years 29,365 15,065 14,300
19 years 29,895 15,365 14,530
20 to 24 years 159,080 80,620 78,465
25 to 29 years 170,065 83,960 86,105
30 to 34 years 160,010 77,905 82,110
35 to 39 years 161,245 76,660 84,585
40 to 44 years 180,535 86,315 94,225
45 to 49 years 192,085 93,760 98,330
50 to 54 years 182,430 88,700 93,730
55 to 59 years 158,570 77,600 80,970
60 to 64 years 136,760 66,610 70,145
65 to 69 years 94,860 46,120 48,740
70 to 74 years 72,890 34,215 38,675
75 to 79 years 58,155 26,990 31,160
80 to 84 years 44,235 19,050 25,185
85 years and over 42,765 14,440 28,325
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.2 39.3 40.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.7 83.9 85.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 1,958,875 948,010 1,010,870
Married or living with a common-law partner 1,106,580 551,400 555,175
Married (and not separated) 970,585 482,590 487,995
Living common law 135,990 68,815 67,175
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 852,300 396,605 455,695
Single (never legally married) 586,885 313,205 273,685
Separated 48,835 19,980 28,855
Divorced 119,565 45,135 74,440
Widowed 97,010 18,290 78,720
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 633,460 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 294,465 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 148,630 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 140,635 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 49,730 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 633,460 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 535,180 ... ...
Married couples 467,335 ... ...
Without children at home 185,300 ... ...
With children at home 282,035 ... ...
1 child 109,940 ... ...
2 children 126,705 ... ...
3 or more children 45,395 ... ...
Common-law couples 67,845 ... ...
Without children at home 48,140 ... ...
With children at home 19,705 ... ...
1 child 10,240 ... ...
2 children 6,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,570 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 98,280 ... ...
Female parent 78,930 ... ...
1 child 48,170 ... ...
2 children 23,390 ... ...
3 or more children 7,370 ... ...
Male parent 19,350 ... ...
1 child 12,855 ... ...
2 children 5,065 ... ...
3 or more children 1,430 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 690,760 ... ...
Under six years of age 136,750 ... ...
6 to 14 years 214,875 ... ...
15 to 17 years 82,800 ... ...
18 to 24 years 155,365 ... ...
25 years and over 100,965 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 2,280,775 1,115,555 1,165,220
Number of persons not in census families 421,370 196,635 224,735
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 63,575 23,920 39,655
Living with non-relatives only 106,050 57,060 48,990
Living alone 251,750 115,650 136,090
Number of census family persons 1,859,400 918,915 940,485
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 293,195 134,660 158,530
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 99,835 29,055 70,780
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 21,475 4,520 16,955
Living with non-relatives only 6,000 2,860 3,135
Living alone 72,370 21,680 50,690
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 193,360 105,605 87,755
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 891,335 ... ...
Census-family households 595,485 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 510,440 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 436,610 ... ...
Without children 191,495 ... ...
With children 245,120 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 73,830 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 85,050 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 50,735 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 38,910 ... ...
Without children 11,440 ... ...
With children 27,470 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 11,825 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 34,315 ... ...
Non-census-family households 295,845 ... ...
One-person households 251,750 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 44,100 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 891,335 ... ...
Single-detached house 301,135 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 129,255 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 4,990 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 455,955 ... ...
Semi-detached house 19,295 ... ...
Row house 80,505 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 126,605 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 228,585 ... ...
Other single-attached house 960 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 891,335 ... ...
1 person 251,745 ... ...
2 persons 272,575 ... ...
3 persons 142,085 ... ...
4 persons 134,530 ... ...
5 persons 52,765 ... ...
6 or more persons 37,635 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,280,770 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,292,115 1,121,310 1,170,805
  Single responses  2,231,105 1,092,095 1,139,005
    English  1,282,495 645,490 637,010
    French  24,780 12,080 12,700
    Non-official languages  923,825 434,530 489,295
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 335 155 175
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  230 115 120
        Dene  20 10 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 5
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  65 25 40
        Oji-Cree  0 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 917,155 431,300 485,850
        African languages, n.i.e 490 250 240
        Afrikaans  1,255 625 630
        Akan (Twi)  380 190 190
        Albanian  980 500 485
        Amharic  1,065 520 545
        Arabic  10,825 6,105 4,725
        Armenian  980 500 480
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 345 150 195
        Bengali  2,095 1,100 995
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 5 5
        Bisayan languages  3,160 1,215 1,945
        Bosnian  1,095 555 535
        Bulgarian  1,670 815 855
        Burmese  880 455 425
        Cantonese  128,110 59,365 68,750
        Chinese, n.o.s.  111,500 51,720 59,780
        Creoles  490 240 250
        Croatian  5,735 2,815 2,920
        Czech  3,490 1,735 1,760
        Danish  2,330 1,125 1,210
        Dutch  8,305 3,990 4,315
        Estonian  545 240 305
        Finnish  2,030 800 1,230
        Flemish  190 100 90
        Fukien  1,855 815 1,035
        German  26,935 12,755 14,185
        Greek  5,000 2,620 2,380
        Gujarati  6,180 2,855 3,320
        Hakka  1,070 460 610
        Hebrew  1,540 850 690
        Hindi  22,950 11,010 11,945
        Hungarian  5,865 2,875 2,990
        Ilocano  3,355 1,330 2,025
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 395 225 170
        Italian  16,210 8,195 8,015
        Japanese  15,835 5,550 10,290
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,150 545 605
        Korean  43,845 19,960 23,885
        Kurdish  1,390 760 630
        Lao  835 390 445
        Latvian  350 175 175
        Lingala  35 15 15
        Lithuanian  265 115 150
        Macedonian  190 90 105
        Malay  3,215 1,490 1,725
        Malayalam  1,245 630 620
        Maltese  85 45 40
        Mandarin  90,190 41,955 48,235
        Marathi  390 200 185
        Nepali  695 370 325
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 335 190 150
        Norwegian  1,010 475 535
        Oromo  220 130 95
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  139,230 69,145 70,085
        Pashto  820 440 380
        Persian (Farsi)  34,425 17,420 17,000
        Polish  12,645 5,990 6,660
        Portuguese  9,210 4,410 4,800
        Romanian  6,885 3,400 3,485
        Rundi (Kirundi)  120 50 70
        Russian  15,415 7,135 8,280
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  65 35 35
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 670 340 335
        Serbian  5,985 3,075 2,915
        Serbo-Croatian  1,215 570 645
        Shanghainese  1,220 520 700
        Sign languages, n.i.e 315 165 150
        Sindhi  1,695 750 945
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  1,230 635 600
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 755 390 360
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 275 145 135
        Slovak  2,325 1,030 1,300
        Slovenian  585 275 310
        Somali  915 460 450
        Spanish  32,300 15,570 16,735
        Swahili  575 290 280
        Swedish  1,430 635 795
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  58,500 23,510 34,990
        Taiwanese  5,470 2,550 2,920
        Tamil  2,915 1,530 1,380
        Telugu  470 245 220
        Thai  1,655 560 1,100
        Tibetan languages  170 95 75
        Tigrigna  510 250 260
        Turkish  2,545 1,435 1,105
        Ukrainian  4,255 1,805 2,455
        Urdu  7,760 3,955 3,805
        Vietnamese  21,695 10,170 11,525
        Yiddish  290 150 145
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 6,340 3,070 3,270
  Multiple responses          61,015 29,215 31,800
    English and French  4,380 2,145 2,240
    English and non-official language  53,235 25,490 27,745
    French and non-official language  2,260 1,035 1,225
    English, French and non-official language 1,140 545 590
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,292,115 1,121,310 1,170,805
  English only 1,997,605 994,500 1,003,105
  French only 1,270 580 690
  English and French 164,780 73,445 91,340
  Neither English nor French 128,460 52,785 75,680
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,292,115 1,121,310 1,170,805
  English 2,126,505 1,050,820 1,075,685
  French 25,025 12,225 12,810
  English and French 13,895 6,325 7,565
  Neither English nor French 126,690 51,945 74,745
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 31,975 15,390 16,585
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.4 1.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,292,120 1,121,315 1,170,805
  Single responses 2,158,690 1,057,345 1,101,345
    English 1,568,165 778,030 790,135
    French 8,410 4,025 4,385
    Non-official languages 582,115 275,295 306,820
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 55 30 30
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 40 20 20
        Dene 5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 579,840 274,145 305,700
        African languages, n.i.e. 160 75 85
        Afrikaans 520 255 260
        Akan (Twi) 105 50 60
        Albanian 505 245 260
        Amharic 500 220 280
        Arabic 6,500 3,415 3,090
        Armenian 435 220 215
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50
        Bengali 1,310 645 660
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 5
        Bisayan languages 1,100 465 630
        Bosnian 635 335 305
        Bulgarian 985 475 505
        Burmese 560 300 260
        Cantonese 100,680 46,205 54,480
        Chinese, n.o.s. 76,285 35,345 40,935
        Creoles 270 120 145
        Croatian 2,040 955 1,090
        Czech 1,020 520 495
        Danish 185 85 100
        Dutch 725 335 390
        Estonian 100 35 65
        Finnish 450 190 255
        Flemish 15 5 10
        Fukien 675 305 375
        German 3,485 1,630 1,855
        Greek 1,755 835 920
        Gujarati 2,910 1,270 1,645
        Hakka 315 140 170
        Hebrew 715 360 355
        Hindi 11,690 5,550 6,135
        Hungarian 1,785 855 925
        Ilocano 1,085 485 595
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70
        Italian 4,570 2,015 2,550
        Japanese 8,110 3,375 4,735
        Khmer (Cambodian) 580 285 300
        Korean 34,850 16,095 18,755
        Kurdish 915 475 445
        Lao 415 205 210
        Latvian 75 35 40
        Lingala 10 5 0
        Lithuanian 50 25 20
        Macedonian 115 60 55
        Malay 1,265 635 630
        Malayalam 610 310 305
        Maltese 5 5 0
        Mandarin 75,385 35,675 39,710
        Marathi 210 110 100
        Nepali 460 235 220
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 60
        Norwegian 80 40 35
        Oromo 135 70 65
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 103,895 51,410 52,490
        Pashto 540 285 260
        Persian (Farsi) 23,895 11,670 12,220
        Polish 5,185 2,500 2,690
        Portuguese 3,435 1,625 1,810
        Romanian 3,570 1,765 1,805
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 45
        Russian 10,055 4,860 5,195
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 5 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 460 225 235
        Serbian 3,755 1,895 1,865
        Serbo-Croatian 560 275 285
        Shanghainese 545 255 295
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 475 265 205
        Sindhi 660 285 375
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 530 265 270
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 615 315 300
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35
        Slovak 880 415 465
        Slovenian 65 25 40
        Somali 605 300 305
        Spanish 17,105 8,340 8,765
        Swahili 195 95 100
        Swedish 260 125 135
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 26,830 11,720 15,110
        Taiwanese 2,825 1,350 1,475
        Tamil 1,880 970 915
        Telugu 250 125 125
        Thai 655 295 365
        Tibetan languages 90 45 40
        Tigrigna 260 120 140
        Turkish 1,245 655 590
        Ukrainian 705 315 390
        Urdu 5,040 2,510 2,530
        Vietnamese 14,925 7,005 7,920
        Yiddish 5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,210 1,120 1,095
  Multiple responses         133,430 63,970 69,460
    English and French 2,620 1,265 1,355
    English and non-official language 128,360 61,585 66,780
    French and non-official language 725 350 375
    English, French and non-official language 1,720 765 955
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,292,115 1,121,310 1,170,805
  None 1,813,090 892,785 920,300
  Single responses  470,395 224,500 245,895
    English  211,820 103,675 108,145
    French  18,930 8,650 10,280
    Non-official languages  239,645 112,175 127,475
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 205 95 110
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  150 70 75
        Dene  10 5 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  30 15 20
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 236,710 110,835 125,875
        African languages, n.i.e 220 120 95
        Afrikaans  685 325 360
        Akan (Twi)  210 110 100
        Albanian  325 160 165
        Amharic  375 180 200
        Arabic  3,135 1,810 1,325
        Armenian  295 145 150
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 150 65 85
        Bengali  480 230 250
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  745 295 445
        Bosnian  330 165 165
        Bulgarian  405 180 225
        Burmese  220 105 115
        Cantonese  27,690 13,225 14,470
        Chinese, n.o.s.  18,575 8,860 9,715
        Creoles  350 175 180
        Croatian  2,360 1,190 1,165
        Czech  1,250 565 685
        Danish  815 375 440
        Dutch  2,570 1,125 1,445
        Estonian  155 70 80
        Finnish  670 265 405
        Flemish  55 25 30
        Fukien  655 290 365
        German  9,710 4,415 5,290
        Greek  2,705 1,375 1,335
        Gujarati  2,995 1,395 1,600
        Hakka  300 130 170
        Hebrew  905 480 430
        Hindi  11,660 5,670 5,990
        Hungarian  1,785 850 940
        Ilocano  820 315 505
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 155 75 75
        Italian  6,650 3,285 3,365
        Japanese  6,865 2,755 4,110
        Khmer (Cambodian)  290 130 155
        Korean  6,025 2,715 3,315
        Kurdish  265 155 110
        Lao  300 145 160
        Latvian  70 25 40
        Lingala  50 20 35
        Lithuanian  80 35 40
        Macedonian  40 20 20
        Malay  1,270 585 685
        Malayalam  435 220 225
        Maltese  35 15 20
        Mandarin  16,745 7,640 9,105
        Marathi  115 55 60
        Nepali  120 70 55
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 200 115 85
        Norwegian  335 150 180
        Oromo  45 25 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  26,855 13,370 13,485
        Pashto  210 105 100
        Persian (Farsi)  6,510 3,470 3,045
        Polish  3,990 1,805 2,180
        Portuguese  3,585 1,655 1,930
        Romanian  1,960 915 1,040
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 25 10
        Russian  3,470 1,545 1,925
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 150 85 70
        Serbian  1,595 830 765
        Serbo-Croatian  360 160 200
        Shanghainese  475 215 260
        Sign languages, n.i.e 340 130 210
        Sindhi  890 385 510
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  505 255 255
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 55 25 30
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 90 45 40
        Slovak  755 290 465
        Slovenian  165 75 90
        Somali  325 170 160
        Spanish  14,470 7,085 7,385
        Swahili  425 200 220
        Swedish  670 305 365
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  21,495 8,110 13,385
        Taiwanese  2,585 1,235 1,345
        Tamil  815 435 380
        Telugu  160 85 75
        Thai  670 230 435
        Tibetan languages  35 20 15
        Tigrigna  155 80 80
        Turkish  900 495 400
        Ukrainian  965 430 540
        Urdu  2,165 1,115 1,045
        Vietnamese  5,085 2,475 2,610
        Yiddish  75 30 40
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,730 1,245 1,490
  Multiple responses          8,630 4,020 4,610
    English and French  890 400 485
    English and non-official language  3,990 1,920 2,070
    French and non-official language  3,690 1,680 2,015
    English, French and non-official language  60 25 35

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vancouver, CMA, British Columbia (Code 933) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 5, 2016).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Vancouver (Census metropolitan area), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Vancouver, CMA, British Columbia (Census metropolitan area)