NHS Profile, Saint John, CY, New Brunswick, 2011

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NHS data, Saint John, CY, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint John, CY
New Brunswick
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 67,910 32,020 35,885
Canadian citizens 65,955 31,045 34,910
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,670 6,240 6,430
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 53,280 24,805 28,475
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,950 975 980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 67,905 32,020 35,885
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 64,130 30,130 33,995
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 3,065 1,460 1,605
Before 1971 740 305 430
1971 to 1980 375 190 190
1981 to 1990 220 70 155
1991 to 2000 460 240 225
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,265 655 605
2001 to 2005 450 230 220
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 810 420 385
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 710 425 290
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 3,065 1,460 1,600
Under 5 years 355 125 230
5 to 14 years 595 315 280
15 to 24 years 670 330 335
25 to 44 years 1,225 600 620
45 years and over 220 90 135
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 67,905 32,020 35,890
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 64,130 30,130 34,000
Born in province of residence 55,130 25,895 29,235
Born outside province of residence 9,000 4,240 4,760
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 3,065 1,460 1,605
Americas 820 340 475
United States 515 175 340
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 55 0 50
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 45 0 30
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 175 120 55
Europe 985 430 555
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 530 205 325
Italy 25 0 15
Germany 125 40 85
Poland 15 0 0
Portugal 35 0 0
Netherlands 25 0 15
France 0 0 0
Romania 40 30 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 85 45 40
Croatia 20 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 25 0 0
Africa 125 75 60
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 20 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 90 55 35
Asia 1,120 605 510
India 120 60 60
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 275 120 155
Philippines 115 60 50
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 50 25 20
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 215 110 95
Lebanon 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 215 135 80
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 715 425 290
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 810 420 390
Americas 120 60 65
United States 60 35 25
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 25 0 0
Europe 85 40 50
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 40 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 40 0 40
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 20 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 20 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 580 310 275
Philippines 50 30 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 185 65 120
India 45 0 30
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 125 75 45
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 30 15 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 25 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 70 25
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 67,910 32,015 35,890
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 3,875 1,950 1,930
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 4,240 1,960 2,280
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 59,795 28,115 31,675
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 67,910 32,020 35,890
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 3,405 1,875 1,530
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 350 195 150
Chinese 540 265 270
Black 1,200 660 545
Filipino 155 95 60
Latin American 155 70 90
Arab 475 310 165
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 95 50 45
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 45 30 15
Korean 315 160 160
Japanese 25 15 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 10 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 45 0 30
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 64,500 30,145 34,355
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 67,905 32,015 35,885
North American Aboriginal origins 3,240 1,450 1,790
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,865 1,290 1,575
Inuit 35 20 0
Métis 375 150 220
Other North American origins 29,475 13,995 15,480
Acadian 995 455 540
American 490 150 335
Canadian 28,135 13,460 14,675
New Brunswicker 15 0 15
Newfoundlander 100 30 75
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 49,355 23,125 26,230
British Isles origins 41,415 19,225 22,195
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 21,455 10,120 11,330
Irish 21,805 9,935 11,870
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 15,400 6,845 8,550
Welsh 1,545 715 825
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,180 470 710
French origins 16,090 7,065 9,030
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 16,090 7,060 9,025
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,400 2,460 2,940
Austrian 50 20 30
Belgian 70 25 40
Dutch 2,150 915 1,230
Flemish 20 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,370 1,610 1,755
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 100 45 50
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,425 815 610
Danish 345 175 165
Finnish 35 30 0
Icelandic 55 0 0
Norwegian 375 240 135
Swedish 505 270 235
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 155 75 80
Eastern European origins 1,290 630 660
Bulgarian 20 0 20
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 30 15 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 30 0 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 95 45 55
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 385 190 195
Romanian 135 100 40
Russian 365 135 230
Slovak 0 0 0
Ukrainian 305 180 125
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 1,655 775 885
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 95 0 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 150 85 70
Italian 860 400 460
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 110 50 60
Serbian 0 0 0
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 385 195 190
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 310 175 140
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 160 70 85
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 140 95 0
Caribbean origins 420 265 150
Antiguan 30 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 20 15 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 60 25 40
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 235 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 10 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 115 50 60
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 20 0 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 60 15 45
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 635 370 265
Central and West African origins 85 45 35
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 20 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 10 10 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 90 45 40
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 65 35 30
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 20 15 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 60 30 30
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 35 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 10 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 410 245 165
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 60 40 20
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 345 200 145
Asian origins 2,625 1,520 1,110
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,000 625 375
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 185 105 80
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 30 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 405 255 145
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 210 130 80
Syrian 30 15 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 35 25 15
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 55 50 10
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 35 25 0
South Asian origins 450 260 190
Bangladeshi 20 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 305 180 125
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 90 50 45
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 30 0 20
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,205 645 555
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 580 290 290
Filipino 150 90 60
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 25 20 0
Korean 315 155 160
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 35 30
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 85 45 45
Australian 70 40 30
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 67,905 32,020 35,890
Buddhist 110 50 60
Christian 54,020 24,655 29,365
Anglican 8,160 3,610 4,550
Baptist 6,610 3,090 3,515
Catholic 27,180 12,535 14,645
Christian Orthodox 210 135 75
Lutheran 65 25 35
Pentecostal 1,435 675 760
Presbyterian 595 255 345
United Church 4,830 1,905 2,930
Other Christian 4,935 2,415 2,520
Hindu 175 85 90
Jewish 135 65 75
Muslim 650 410 235
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 285 90 195
No religious affiliation 12,520 6,660 5,860
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 67,905 32,020 35,885
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,560 715 845
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,040 475 565
Métis single identity 385 185 205
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 75 0 55
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 60 35 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 66,345 31,305 35,040
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 67,905 32,020 35,885
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 235 95 135
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 67,675 31,925 35,755
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 67,905 32,020 35,885
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,240 1,450 1,790
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,865 1,290 1,575
Métis ancestry 370 150 220
Inuit ancestry 35 20 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 64,665 30,570 34,095
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 3,380 1,675 1,700
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,370 1,675 1,690
Italian 120 80 40
Portuguese 55 30 0
Romanian 40 25 0
Spanish 590 195 395
Dutch 35 15 20
Flemish 0 0 0
German 260 125 140
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 25 0 10
Russian 235 165 65
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 25 25 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 20 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 465 295 175
Hebrew 60 45 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 50 20 0
Gujarati 20 0 15
Hindi 90 65 25
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 0 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 35 0 0
Nepali 90 45 45
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 55 40 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 30 0 20
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 55 0 45
Korean 320 160 160
Cantonese 35 0 25
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 80 45 35
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 370 195 175
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 50 25 25
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 105 50 55
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 30 0 20
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 170 85 85
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 67,205 31,710 35,490
Non-movers 58,330 27,270 31,065
Movers 8,875 4,450 4,425
Non-migrants 6,315 3,130 3,185
Migrants 2,555 1,315 1,240
Internal migrants 2,075 1,070 1,000
Intraprovincial migrants 1,150 565 590
Interprovincial migrants 920 510 410
External migrants 485 245 240
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 64,400 30,340 34,055
Non-movers 37,785 17,610 20,175
Movers 26,615 12,725 13,885
Non-migrants 18,660 8,750 9,915
Migrants 7,955 3,980 3,970
Internal migrants 6,770 3,285 3,480
Intraprovincial migrants 4,100 1,930 2,175
Interprovincial migrants 2,665 1,355 1,310
External migrants 1,185 695 490
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 57,525 26,845 30,675
No certificate, diploma or degree 13,100 6,110 6,990
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 17,830 7,800 10,035
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 26,595 12,940 13,655
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,260 4,520 1,740
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,965 4,565 6,395
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,415 575 835
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 7,960 3,280 4,685
Bachelor's degree 5,645 2,195 3,455
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,310 1,080 1,230
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 37,860 17,905 19,955
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,215 2,495 2,720
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,455 5,195 6,260
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 21,195 10,220 10,975
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,720 3,425 1,295
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,670 3,620 5,050
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,105 475 630
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,700 2,700 3,990
Bachelor's degree 4,790 1,855 2,935
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 1,905 845 1,060
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 57,525 26,845 30,675
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 30,930 13,905 17,020
Education 2,120 520 1,600
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 665 385 285
Humanities 1,275 475 800
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,610 570 1,040
Business, management and public administration 6,235 1,825 4,410
Physical and life sciences and technologies 535 235 305
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,160 650 515
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 6,745 6,370 375
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 250 180 70
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,230 775 3,460
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,755 965 795
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 57,525 26,850 30,675
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 30,930 13,910 17,025
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 26,595 12,940 13,650
Location of study inside Canada 24,850 12,050 12,800
Same as province or territory of residence 20,480 9,850 10,630
Another province or territory 4,370 2,200 2,170
Location of study outside Canada 1,740 890 850
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 38,715 19,320 19,395
Single responses 38,405 19,195 19,205
English 37,905 19,015 18,895
French 350 95 255
Non-official languages 150 85 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 35 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 70 0 45
Multiple responses 310 125 185
English and French 265 100 165
English and non-official language 25 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 38,715 19,325 19,390
English 37,910 19,015 18,895
French 350 95 250
Non-official language 145 85 60
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 145 85 65
English and French 265 100 165
English and non-official language 30 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 57,525 26,850 30,675
In the labour force 36,295 18,260 18,035
Employed 32,765 16,295 16,470
Unemployed 3,525 1,960 1,560
Not in the labour force 21,225 8,590 12,640
Participation rate 63.1 68.0 58.8
Employment rate 57.0 60.7 53.7
Unemployment rate 9.7 10.7 8.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 36,290 18,260 18,035
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 685 285 400
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 35,605 17,980 17,635
Employee 33,545 16,735 16,810
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 2,065 1,240 820
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 36,295 18,265 18,030
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 685 285 400
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 35,605 17,980 17,630
0 Management occupations 2,820 1,565 1,255
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 5,300 1,490 3,810
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,365 1,810 555
3 Health occupations 2,765 405 2,365
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,870 1,190 2,685
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 480 255 230
6 Sales and service occupations 10,945 4,610 6,335
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,590 5,340 255
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 320 290 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,145 1,025 125
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 36,295 18,260 18,035
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 685 285 400
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 35,610 17,975 17,635
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 210 170 40
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 260 200 60
22 Utilities 585 460 125
23 Construction 2,600 2,290 315
31-33 Manufacturing 2,540 1,980 560
41 Wholesale trade 1,465 765 695
44-45 Retail trade 4,405 2,030 2,375
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,545 1,195 350
51 Information and cultural industries 800 365 435
52 Finance and insurance 1,305 380 920
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 615 400 210
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,660 975 685
55 Management of companies and enterprises 65 0 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,370 1,745 1,635
61 Educational services 1,755 520 1,235
62 Health care and social assistance 5,055 845 4,215
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 600 305 290
72 Accommodation and food services 2,575 1,115 1,465
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,915 895 1,020
91 Public administration 2,285 1,340 950
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 36,290 18,260 18,035
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,470 555 910
Worked in 2010 34,825 17,700 17,120
1 to 13 weeks 1,720 930 795
14 to 26 weeks 2,490 1,420 1,065
27 to 39 weeks 2,525 1,370 1,155
40 to 48 weeks 4,195 2,240 1,950
49 to 52 weeks 23,895 11,740 12,155
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 44.5 45.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 36,290 18,260 18,030
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,470 560 910
Worked in 2010 34,825 17,700 17,120
Worked full-time in 2010 28,755 15,510 13,245
Worked part-time in 2010 6,070 2,190 3,880
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 32,770 16,300 16,470
Worked at home 1,015 395 630
Worked outside Canada 40 40 0
No fixed workplace address 3,880 3,040 840
Worked at usual place 27,825 12,825 15,000
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 31,710 15,870 15,840
Car, truck or van - as a driver 23,165 12,575 10,580
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,315 1,140 2,175
Public transit 2,295 880 1,415
Walked 2,505 1,095 1,410
Bicycle 95 65 30
Other methods 340 115 230
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 31,710 15,870 15,840
Median commuting duration 15.2 15.4 15.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 31,710 15,870 15,840
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 6,180 3,805 2,370
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 19,460 9,340 10,120
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 6,070 2,720 3,350
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 30,755 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 27,700 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,055 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 30,760 ... ...
1960 or before 13,340 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,185 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,585 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,055 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,065 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,535 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 30,755 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,490 ... ...
5 rooms 5,535 ... ...
6 rooms 4,885 ... ...
7 rooms 4,175 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,675 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 30,755 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,680 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,210 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,400 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,470 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 30,760 ... ...
Owner 17,655 ... ...
Renter 13,100 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 30,755 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,370 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 29,380 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 30,755 ... ...
1 household maintainer 20,135 ... ...
2 household maintainers 10,205 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 415 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 30,755 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,440 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,535 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,955 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,770 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,850 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,690 ... ...
75 years and over 3,510 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 30,755 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 30,595 ... ...
More than one person per room 165 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 30,755 ... ...
Suitable 29,530 ... ...
Not suitable 1,230 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 30,710 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 22,420 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,295 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,100 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 17,660 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 864 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 965 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 154,645 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 173,239 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 13,100 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 19.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 650 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 642 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 57,520 26,850 30,670
Without income 2,865 1,240 1,625
With income 54,655 25,610 29,045
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 4,630 2,110 2,520
$5,000 to $9,999 4,830 1,800 3,030
$10,000 to $14,999 5,445 2,100 3,345
$15,000 to $19,999 6,385 2,095 4,295
$20,000 to $29,999 9,400 3,920 5,485
$30,000 to $39,999 7,055 3,280 3,775
$40,000 to $49,999 5,150 2,720 2,430
$50,000 to $59,999 3,525 2,060 1,465
$60,000 to $79,999 4,695 2,860 1,840
$80,000 to $99,999 1,900 1,420 475
$100,000 and over 1,645 1,255 395
$100,000 to $124,999 815 720 95
$125,000 and over 830 530 295
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,015 32,340 22,073
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,969 40,276 28,409
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 57,525 26,850 30,675
Without after-tax income 2,880 1,240 1,640
With after-tax income 54,645 25,610 29,035
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 4,705 2,125 2,575
$5,000 to $9,999 4,945 1,805 3,140
$10,000 to $14,999 5,780 2,150 3,630
$15,000 to $19,999 6,950 2,530 4,425
$20,000 to $29,999 10,975 4,620 6,355
$30,000 to $39,999 7,845 3,785 4,060
$40,000 to $49,999 5,520 3,265 2,255
$50,000 to $59,999 3,390 2,080 1,315
$60,000 to $79,999 3,055 2,145 915
$80,000 to $99,999 835 680 155
$100,000 and over 650 440 215
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,117 29,060 20,885
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,105 33,777 24,984
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.1 88.5 78.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.6 77.1 67.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.4 74.4 65.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.3 2.6 1.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.0 1.9 2.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.6 8.2 6.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.3 2.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.9 11.5 21.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.9 4.3 5.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.3 2.9 6.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.5 2.5 2.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.7 0.1 3.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.5 1.7 3.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.3 16.1 12.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.7 83.9 87.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.6 0.7 0.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 20,985 10,870 10,120
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,028 47,538 35,695
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 47,757 54,645 40,358
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 19,465 ... ...
Median family income ($) 62,451 ... ...
Average family income ($) 73,934 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,833 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,174 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 7,370 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,656 ... ...
Average family income ($) 71,417 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,938 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 60,757 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 6,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,018 ... ...
Average family income ($) 96,956 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,663 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,558 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,375 ... ...
Median family income ($) 32,787 ... ...
Average family income ($) 41,880 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 32,032 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 37,927 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,485 5,950 7,540
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,058 26,113 22,138
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,957 34,100 28,475
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,206 23,728 20,844
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,742 28,815 25,106
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 67,910 32,020 35,885
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 39,810 17,845 21,960
In bottom decile 9,635 4,355 5,280
In second decile 9,525 3,590 5,935
In third decile 7,820 3,630 4,190
In fourth decile 6,910 3,400 3,515
In fifth decile 5,915 2,875 3,045
In top half of the Canadian distribution 28,100 14,175 13,925
In sixth decile 7,020 3,420 3,595
In seventh decile 6,425 3,050 3,380
In eighth decile 6,200 3,210 2,990
In ninth decile 4,925 2,605 2,320
In top decile 3,525 1,885 1,645
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 30,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 945 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 955 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,435 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,430 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,835 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,420 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,925 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,755 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,090 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,905 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,280 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,180 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,610 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 30,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 955 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 955 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,545 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,630 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,110 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,545 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,015 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,625 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,075 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,650 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,420 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 30,755 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 47,825 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 60,368 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 43,125 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 51,711 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,925 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 24,782 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 32,632 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,210 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,096 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 20,830 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 62,122 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,584 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 55,845 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,962 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 67,905 32,015 35,885
Less than 18 years 12,995 6,395 6,600
Less than 6 years 4,185 2,015 2,175
18 to 64 years 44,415 21,355 23,060
65 years and over 10,495 4,270 6,225
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,155 6,175 8,975
Less than 18 years 4,130 2,005 2,130
Less than 6 years 1,575 700 875
18 to 64 years 9,035 3,745 5,290
65 years and over 1,990 420 1,565
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 22.3 19.3 25.0
Less than 18 years (%) 31.8 31.4 32.3
Less than 6 years (%) 37.6 34.7 40.2
18 to 64 years (%) 20.3 17.5 22.9
65 years and over (%) 19.0 9.8 25.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint John, CY, New Brunswick (Code 1301006) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Saint John, CY, New Brunswick

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Census data

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Census data, Saint John, CY, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint John, CY
New Brunswick
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 70,063 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 68,043 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 3.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 33,530 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,757 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 221.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 315.82 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 70,065 32,960 37,100
0 to 4 years 3,640 1,885 1,755
5 to 9 years 3,215 1,585 1,630
10 to 14 years 3,510 1,780 1,730
15 to 19 years 4,295 2,180 2,115
15 years 785 370 415
16 years 795 410 390
17 years 895 465 435
18 years 900 465 435
19 years 915 465 445
20 to 24 years 4,955 2,495 2,460
25 to 29 years 4,670 2,220 2,450
30 to 34 years 4,330 2,030 2,295
35 to 39 years 4,345 2,075 2,265
40 to 44 years 4,420 2,025 2,395
45 to 49 years 5,615 2,715 2,895
50 to 54 years 5,740 2,665 3,070
55 to 59 years 5,030 2,420 2,610
60 to 64 years 4,485 2,130 2,360
65 to 69 years 3,345 1,560 1,785
70 to 74 years 2,510 1,125 1,385
75 to 79 years 2,165 880 1,275
80 to 84 years 1,845 655 1,190
85 years and over 1,955 525 1,425
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.3 40.5 43.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.2 84.1 86.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 59,695 27,710 31,985
Married or living with a common-law partner 30,245 15,125 15,115
Married (and not separated) 24,395 12,215 12,185
Living common law 5,845 2,915 2,935
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 29,450 12,585 16,865
Single (never legally married) 18,165 9,155 9,015
Separated 2,395 960 1,435
Divorced 4,335 1,675 2,655
Widowed 4,560 805 3,760
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 19,570 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,095 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 4,430 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 3,010 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,030 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 19,565 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 14,800 ... ...
Married couples 11,885 ... ...
Without children at home 6,260 ... ...
With children at home 5,625 ... ...
1 child 2,510 ... ...
2 children 2,325 ... ...
3 or more children 795 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,915 ... ...
Without children at home 1,755 ... ...
With children at home 1,165 ... ...
1 child 660 ... ...
2 children 350 ... ...
3 or more children 155 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,765 ... ...
Female parent 3,965 ... ...
1 child 2,505 ... ...
2 children 1,080 ... ...
3 or more children 380 ... ...
Male parent 800 ... ...
1 child 585 ... ...
2 children 180 ... ...
3 or more children 40 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 18,625 ... ...
Under six years of age 4,265 ... ...
6 to 14 years 6,040 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,365 ... ...
18 to 24 years 3,690 ... ...
25 years and over 2,265 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 67,960 32,090 35,865
Number of persons not in census families 14,965 6,620 8,345
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,560 700 865
Living with non-relatives only 3,450 1,910 1,535
Living alone 9,960 4,010 5,945
Number of census family persons 52,990 25,465 27,520
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 10,420 4,360 6,060
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,185 1,110 3,075
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 460 115 340
Living with non-relatives only 255 125 130
Living alone 3,470 865 2,605
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 6,235 3,250 2,985
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 30,760 ... ...
Census-family households 19,130 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 17,485 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 13,625 ... ...
Without children 7,340 ... ...
With children 6,285 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,855 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,650 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,220 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 665 ... ...
Without children 350 ... ...
With children 315 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 555 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 430 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,630 ... ...
One-person households 9,960 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,670 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 30,755 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,615 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,825 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 770 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 15,550 ... ...
Semi-detached house 960 ... ...
Row house 1,910 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,425 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 9,120 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 30,755 ... ...
1 person 9,960 ... ...
2 persons 11,205 ... ...
3 persons 4,820 ... ...
4 persons 3,320 ... ...
5 persons 1,035 ... ...
6 or more persons 420 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 67,960 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 68,810 32,435 36,380
  Single responses  68,310 32,185 36,120
    English  62,330 29,290 33,040
    French  3,280 1,475 1,805
    Non-official languages  2,695 1,420 1,275
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,635 1,375 1,260
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  0 5 0
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  365 260 105
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  30 15 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 10
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  35 15 20
        Chinese, n.o.s.  390 190 200
        Creoles  15 5 10
        Croatian  5 5 0
        Czech  5 0 0
        Danish  5 0 5
        Dutch  60 25 35
        Estonian  0 5 5
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  90 35 50
        Greek  55 40 20
        Gujarati  15 5 10
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  90 50 40
        Hungarian  20 10 10
        Ilocano  10 5 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  45 30 20
        Japanese  10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  250 115 135
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 5
        Malayalam  15 10 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  105 50 55
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  55 30 30
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  25 20 10
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  105 55 50
        Polish  35 20 20
        Portuguese  60 25 35
        Romanian  45 25 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  55 30 30
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 5
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  225 115 115
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  105 45 65
        Taiwanese  0 5 0
        Tamil  10 5 0
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  15 10 5
        Ukrainian  20 5 10
        Urdu  75 40 35
        Vietnamese  40 20 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 40 15
  Multiple responses          505 250 255
    English and French  305 150 155
    English and non-official language  180 95 85
    French and non-official language  10 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 10 0 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 68,815 32,435 36,380
  English only 59,415 28,480 30,930
  French only 80 35 45
  English and French 9,095 3,815 5,275
  Neither English nor French 225 100 125
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 68,810 32,435 36,380
  English 65,465 30,905 34,560
  French 2,970 1,355 1,610
  English and French 165 80 85
  Neither English nor French 215 95 120
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 3,050 1,395 1,655
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 4.4 4.3 4.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 68,815 32,435 36,380
  Single responses 68,200 32,150 36,050
    English 65,355 30,720 34,640
    French 1,160 540 615
    Non-official languages 1,685 890 790
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,635 860 775
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 270 190 80
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 300 155 150
        Creoles 5 0 0
        Croatian 0 0 0
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 5 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 5 0 5
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 10 10 5
        Greek 10 5 10
        Gujarati 10 5 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 60 30 30
        Hungarian 0 0 0
        Ilocano 10 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 10 5 5
        Japanese 5 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 220 105 110
        Kurdish 10 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 95 45 50
        Marathi 5 0 0
        Nepali 45 25 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 20 10 10
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40
        Polish 10 0 10
        Portuguese 25 15 10
        Romanian 15 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 25 15 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 110 50 65
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 25 40
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 0 0
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 0 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 5 5
        Ukrainian 10 5 5
        Urdu 40 20 25
        Vietnamese 40 25 20
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 30 15
  Multiple responses         615 285 325
    English and French 235 105 130
    English and non-official language 355 165 185
    French and non-official language 5 0 5
    English, French and non-official language 20 10 10
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 68,810 32,435 36,375
  None 65,210 30,730 34,480
  Single responses  3,550 1,680 1,865
    English  1,325 670 655
    French  1,490 630 855
    Non-official languages  735 375 355
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 715 375 345
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  55 40 15
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  20 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  20 5 15
        Chinese, n.o.s.  65 30 40
        Creoles  5 0 0
        Croatian  5 0 0
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  15 0 15
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  40 15 25
        Greek  25 20 5
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  40 20 20
        Hungarian  5 5 0
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  15 15 5
        Japanese  10 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  20 5 15
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 5 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  20 5 15
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 5 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 15 15
        Polish  15 10 5
        Portuguese  15 10 5
        Romanian  25 15 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  25 15 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  100 45 55
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 5 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 10 0
        Ukrainian  5 5 5
        Urdu  20 15 5
        Vietnamese  0 0 0
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 15 5 10
  Multiple responses          55 25 25
    English and French  10 5 5
    English and non-official language  10 5 5
    French and non-official language  35 20 15
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint John, CY, New Brunswick (Code 1301006) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Saint John, City (Census Subdivision), New Brunswick

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Saint John, CY, New Brunswick (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Saint John, City (Census Subdivision), New Brunswick

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Saint John, City (Census Subdivision), New Brunswick