NHS Profile, Fredericton, CY, New Brunswick, 2011

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NHS data, Fredericton, CY, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton, CY
New Brunswick
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 55,150 26,345 28,800
Canadian citizens 52,835 25,205 27,635
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,530 4,885 4,640
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 43,305 20,315 22,990
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,315 1,145 1,170
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 55,145 26,345 28,800
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 49,820 23,685 26,135
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 4,540 2,280 2,260
Before 1971 940 385 555
1971 to 1980 630 345 285
1981 to 1990 410 205 210
1991 to 2000 685 345 345
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,875 1,000 870
2001 to 2005 570 340 230
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,305 665 645
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 780 380 400
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 4,540 2,280 2,260
Under 5 years 555 270 290
5 to 14 years 905 425 480
15 to 24 years 920 505 410
25 to 44 years 1,890 900 990
45 years and over 270 175 100
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 55,150 26,345 28,800
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 49,825 23,690 26,140
Born in province of residence 37,700 17,830 19,865
Born outside province of residence 12,125 5,855 6,270
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 4,545 2,280 2,260
Americas 960 500 460
United States 595 275 320
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 55 50 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 45 40 0
Trinidad and Tobago 50 0 40
Colombia 100 60 40
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 100 45 55
Europe 1,535 750 780
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 740 345 395
Italy 25 10 0
Germany 200 115 85
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 15 0 0
Netherlands 85 25 65
France 0 0 0
Romania 45 15 30
Russian Federation 40 40 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 0
Croatia 40 20 15
Hungary 25 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 85 40 45
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 45 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 130 95 35
Africa 375 200 170
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 30 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 30 10 15
Nigeria 30 0 10
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 30 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 230 125 100
Asia 1,625 805 825
India 200 105 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 400 200 195
Philippines 65 0 50
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Pakistan 85 40 45
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 135 75 60
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 390 205 185
Lebanon 115 55 55
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 60 20 35
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 20 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 115 55 55
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 25 25
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 25 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 780 385 400
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,305 665 640
Americas 135 60 75
United States 40 15 25
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 30 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 145 100 45
France 0 0 0
Germany 20 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 10 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 20 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 55 45 10
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 0
Africa 220 100 125
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 150 65 85
Asia 800 410 395
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 160 75 90
India 30 20 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 110 65 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 335 185 150
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 55 25 30
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 45 25 25
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 55,150 26,350 28,800
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 5,515 2,780 2,730
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 5,060 2,565 2,490
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 44,580 21,000 23,580
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 55,145 26,350 28,800
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 3,890 2,040 1,850
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 875 470 400
Chinese 825 420 410
Black 655 340 310
Filipino 100 55 40
Latin American 350 210 135
Arab 255 145 110
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 50 25 30
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 130 75 60
Korean 470 230 240
Japanese 80 35 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 80 30 50
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 51,260 24,305 26,950
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 55,145 26,350 28,800
North American Aboriginal origins 2,380 930 1,455
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,030 845 1,185
Inuit 70 0 60
Métis 320 110 210
Other North American origins 20,965 10,000 10,965
Acadian 1,310 600 715
American 615 240 375
Canadian 19,775 9,470 10,305
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 50 25 25
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 41,655 19,735 21,920
British Isles origins 35,885 16,900 18,990
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 19,800 9,290 10,515
Irish 16,580 7,675 8,910
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 16,620 7,790 8,835
Welsh 1,680 775 905
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,525 625 895
French origins 10,000 4,570 5,430
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 10,005 4,570 5,435
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,670 2,630 3,045
Austrian 100 65 35
Belgian 65 35 35
Dutch 1,925 880 1,045
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,690 1,695 2,000
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 160 55 100
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,350 605 745
Danish 540 220 320
Finnish 150 75 75
Icelandic 45 30 0
Norwegian 305 150 160
Swedish 290 110 175
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 75 45 30
Eastern European origins 1,645 830 815
Bulgarian 20 0 15
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 65 30 35
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 160 75 80
Latvian 25 20 0
Lithuanian 45 35 15
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 540 255 285
Romanian 115 65 50
Russian 300 135 170
Slovak 30 0 0
Ukrainian 465 265 205
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 1,780 800 975
Albanian 35 30 0
Bosnian 75 35 35
Croatian 65 35 30
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 50 25 25
Italian 920 395 525
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 30 15 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 245 130 120
Serbian 50 25 25
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 40 0 0
Spanish 280 105 180
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 75 25 60
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 300 140 155
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 240 100 135
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 45 30 15
Caribbean origins 120 55 60
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 20 0 0
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 35 0 15
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 25 0 20
Latin, Central and South American origins 370 195 175
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 20 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Colombian 120 70 50
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 25 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 140 75 60
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 20 0 20
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 25 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 730 390 340
Central and West African origins 150 110 35
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 35 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 15 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 20 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 120 75 45
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 105 70 35
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 195 125 65
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 75 55 20
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 50 25 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 345 140 210
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 30 0 20
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 315 135 185
Asian origins 3,395 1,755 1,640
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 945 500 440
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 60 20 40
Armenian 10 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 200 105 100
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 35 0 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 540 310 230
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 25 25 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 45 35 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 880 480 400
Bangladeshi 25 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 725 410 315
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 45 0 25
Pakistani 105 50 55
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 60 30 30
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,600 785 810
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 850 425 430
Filipino 140 70 70
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 90 50 40
Korean 480 235 235
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 35 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 10 10 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 10 10 0
Oceania origins 55 20 35
Australian 30 0 25
New Zealander 30 20 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 55,145 26,345 28,800
Buddhist 255 95 160
Christian 38,940 17,550 21,390
Anglican 5,160 2,345 2,815
Baptist 6,290 2,850 3,435
Catholic 13,740 6,070 7,660
Christian Orthodox 205 115 100
Lutheran 100 50 50
Pentecostal 1,390 640 750
Presbyterian 785 430 355
United Church 5,995 2,595 3,400
Other Christian 5,265 2,445 2,820
Hindu 330 150 180
Jewish 125 65 60
Muslim 685 380 300
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 335 125 210
No religious affiliation 14,460 7,965 6,490
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 55,145 26,345 28,800
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,450 585 860
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,115 460 655
Métis single identity 250 110 140
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 40 0 40
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 45 20 25
Non-Aboriginal identity 53,695 25,760 27,935
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 55,145 26,350 28,795
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 810 310 500
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 54,340 26,035 28,300
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 55,145 26,350 28,800
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,385 930 1,455
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,035 850 1,185
Métis ancestry 315 105 210
Inuit ancestry 70 0 65
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 52,760 25,420 27,345
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 5,080 2,470 2,620
Aboriginal languages 95 35 65
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 40 0 40
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 55 35 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,995 2,435 2,565
Italian 165 40 125
Portuguese 65 30 30
Romanian 80 45 40
Spanish 915 400 515
Dutch 105 35 75
Flemish 0 0 0
German 475 260 210
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 0 0
Swedish 25 0 0
Afrikaans 20 0 0
Gaelic languages 55 0 0
Bosnian 55 30 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 60 30 35
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 55 30 30
Russian 165 110 50
Serbian 40 30 15
Serbo-Croatian 45 0 35
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 20 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 15 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 15 0
Hungarian 50 25 25
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 315 165 150
Hebrew 35 25 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 130 70 60
Gujarati 25 0 0
Hindi 195 100 95
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 30 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 175 80 95
Nepali 45 25 25
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 185 100 90
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 20 0 0
Malayalam 15 0 0
Tamil 40 30 15
Telugu 55 45 15
Japanese 95 35 60
Korean 475 240 240
Cantonese 25 15 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 225 90 130
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 490 265 230
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 15 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 105 50 55
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 0 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 0 0
Swahili 100 50 50
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 150 40 110
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 54,625 26,125 28,500
Non-movers 44,145 21,125 23,020
Movers 10,480 5,000 5,480
Non-migrants 7,175 3,525 3,645
Migrants 3,310 1,475 1,830
Internal migrants 3,000 1,355 1,645
Intraprovincial migrants 1,875 860 1,010
Interprovincial migrants 1,125 500 630
External migrants 310 120 190
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 52,380 24,985 27,395
Non-movers 26,040 12,205 13,835
Movers 26,340 12,775 13,560
Non-migrants 14,585 7,130 7,455
Migrants 11,755 5,650 6,100
Internal migrants 10,030 4,770 5,260
Intraprovincial migrants 5,880 2,885 3,000
Interprovincial migrants 4,145 1,885 2,260
External migrants 1,725 880 845
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 46,860 22,125 24,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,275 3,100 3,180
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,035 5,840 6,190
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 28,545 13,185 15,365
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,070 1,895 1,170
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,215 3,125 5,090
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,700 615 1,080
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15,565 7,545 8,025
Bachelor's degree 9,920 4,525 5,390
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,650 3,020 2,630
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 30,180 14,400 15,780
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,535 1,300 1,245
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 6,470 3,285 3,185
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 21,170 9,820 11,350
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,010 1,250 760
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 5,925 2,435 3,485
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,180 485 690
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 12,065 5,645 6,415
Bachelor's degree 7,590 3,400 4,195
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,470 2,245 2,225
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 46,860 22,120 24,735
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 18,305 8,940 9,365
Education 3,125 790 2,330
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 835 365 470
Humanities 2,300 945 1,355
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,975 1,210 1,765
Business, management and public administration 6,220 2,210 4,005
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,390 760 630
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,735 1,155 580
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 4,415 3,930 485
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 715 520 190
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 3,600 645 2,955
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,235 640 595
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 46,860 22,125 24,735
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 18,305 8,940 9,365
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 28,545 13,185 15,365
Location of study inside Canada 26,020 11,810 14,210
Same as province or territory of residence 20,110 8,985 11,130
Another province or territory 5,905 2,825 3,085
Location of study outside Canada 2,530 1,365 1,155
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 34,545 17,590 16,960
Single responses 33,910 17,380 16,530
English 33,135 17,160 15,980
French 700 185 510
Non-official languages 70 30 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 25 15 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 30 0 20
Multiple responses 635 210 425
English and French 600 190 415
English and non-official language 30 20 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 34,545 17,590 16,955
English 33,140 17,160 15,975
French 700 185 510
Non-official language 75 30 40
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 70 30 40
English and French 605 190 415
English and non-official language 35 20 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 46,860 22,125 24,735
In the labour force 31,555 16,050 15,500
Employed 29,040 14,760 14,285
Unemployed 2,510 1,295 1,220
Not in the labour force 15,305 6,070 9,235
Participation rate 67.3 72.5 62.7
Employment rate 62.0 66.7 57.8
Unemployment rate 8.0 8.1 7.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 31,550 16,050 15,500
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 495 180 315
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 31,055 15,875 15,185
Employee 28,695 14,365 14,330
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 2,360 1,505 850
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 31,555 16,055 15,500
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 500 180 320
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 31,055 15,875 15,180
0 Management occupations 3,565 2,150 1,415
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 4,970 1,505 3,465
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,140 2,415 730
3 Health occupations 1,820 390 1,430
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,210 2,250 2,965
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,160 575 590
6 Sales and service occupations 7,965 3,620 4,350
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,330 2,205 125
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 405 345 55
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 485 430 60
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 31,550 16,055 15,500
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 495 175 315
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 31,055 15,875 15,185
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 270 150 125
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 55 40 0
22 Utilities 680 405 275
23 Construction 1,330 1,225 100
31-33 Manufacturing 865 755 105
41 Wholesale trade 495 370 120
44-45 Retail trade 3,950 1,930 2,015
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 950 665 290
51 Information and cultural industries 950 540 405
52 Finance and insurance 940 440 500
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 485 265 220
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,710 1,695 1,015
55 Management of companies and enterprises 25 20 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,465 845 620
61 Educational services 3,660 1,625 2,030
62 Health care and social assistance 3,110 595 2,520
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 485 265 220
72 Accommodation and food services 2,330 990 1,340
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,335 450 880
91 Public administration 4,960 2,605 2,360
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 31,555 16,055 15,500
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,250 570 685
Worked in 2010 30,305 15,485 14,820
1 to 13 weeks 1,500 730 775
14 to 26 weeks 2,570 1,295 1,275
27 to 39 weeks 1,725 760 965
40 to 48 weeks 3,570 1,860 1,710
49 to 52 weeks 20,940 10,840 10,100
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.2 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 31,555 16,050 15,500
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,250 570 680
Worked in 2010 30,305 15,485 14,820
Worked full-time in 2010 24,510 13,330 11,180
Worked part-time in 2010 5,795 2,155 3,640
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 29,040 14,760 14,285
Worked at home 1,555 780 770
Worked outside Canada 75 60 15
No fixed workplace address 2,585 1,820 765
Worked at usual place 24,840 12,100 12,735
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 27,420 13,920 13,500
Car, truck or van - as a driver 20,010 10,655 9,355
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,525 1,020 1,505
Public transit 1,180 485 690
Walked 2,805 1,385 1,425
Bicycle 500 265 235
Other methods 405 115 295
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 27,420 13,920 13,500
Median commuting duration 12.7 15.1 10.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 27,420 13,920 13,500
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 3,755 2,495 1,255
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 18,545 8,955 9,590
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 5,120 2,470 2,655
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 24,730 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 22,710 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,020 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 24,730 ... ...
1960 or before 6,235 ... ...
1961 to 1980 8,145 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,810 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,930 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,140 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,480 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 24,730 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,980 ... ...
5 rooms 4,190 ... ...
6 rooms 3,160 ... ...
7 rooms 3,195 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,205 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 24,735 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,330 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,735 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,930 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,735 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 24,735 ... ...
Owner 15,035 ... ...
Renter 9,695 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 24,730 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,370 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 23,360 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 24,735 ... ...
1 household maintainer 14,985 ... ...
2 household maintainers 9,230 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 515 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 24,735 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,230 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,305 ... ...
35 to 44 years 3,955 ... ...
45 to 54 years 4,605 ... ...
55 to 64 years 4,240 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,725 ... ...
75 years and over 2,665 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 24,730 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 24,530 ... ...
More than one person per room 205 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 24,735 ... ...
Suitable 23,770 ... ...
Not suitable 965 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 24,715 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 18,545 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 6,175 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 5,085 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 15,030 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 874 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 996 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 190,299 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 212,760 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,690 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 43.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 768 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 761 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 46,860 22,125 24,735
Without income 1,640 695 945
With income 45,215 21,425 23,790
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 4,070 1,975 2,095
$5,000 to $9,999 3,835 1,450 2,390
$10,000 to $14,999 3,955 1,575 2,380
$15,000 to $19,999 4,350 1,625 2,725
$20,000 to $29,999 6,670 2,805 3,870
$30,000 to $39,999 5,860 2,585 3,280
$40,000 to $49,999 4,555 2,235 2,320
$50,000 to $59,999 3,375 1,920 1,455
$60,000 to $79,999 4,385 2,405 1,980
$80,000 to $99,999 1,950 1,225 725
$100,000 and over 2,210 1,635 580
$100,000 to $124,999 1,175 795 380
$125,000 and over 1,040 840 195
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,377 34,627 24,990
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,214 44,772 32,306
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 46,860 22,125 24,735
Without after-tax income 1,645 700 950
With after-tax income 45,210 21,425 23,785
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 4,230 1,995 2,225
$5,000 to $9,999 3,965 1,470 2,495
$10,000 to $14,999 4,055 1,610 2,440
$15,000 to $19,999 4,905 1,910 2,990
$20,000 to $29,999 8,040 3,475 4,565
$30,000 to $39,999 6,730 3,045 3,690
$40,000 to $49,999 4,920 2,695 2,225
$50,000 to $59,999 2,960 1,625 1,340
$60,000 to $79,999 3,310 2,025 1,285
$80,000 to $99,999 1,150 820 335
$100,000 and over 945 755 190
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,498 30,835 23,208
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,113 36,898 27,802
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.4 91.9 84.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.6 74.9 69.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.3 70.6 67.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.3 4.4 2.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.5 3.6 3.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.3 11.4 8.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.1 2.0 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.6 8.1 16.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.2 3.4 5.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.0 2.1 4.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.6 2.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.0 2.0
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.0 17.6 14.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.0 82.4 86.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.2 3.6 0.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 18,475 9,995 8,485
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 44,642 48,719 40,963
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,882 56,921 45,944
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 15,485 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,443 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,229 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,134 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,027 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 6,850 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,375 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,353 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,646 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,755 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 5,820 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,430 ... ...
Average family income ($) 108,387 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,158 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,339 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 2,300 ... ...
Median family income ($) 36,813 ... ...
Average family income ($) 44,502 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 34,770 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 39,720 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 12,080 5,280 6,800
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,223 26,925 24,499
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,501 33,567 31,674
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,074 24,840 23,076
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,859 28,333 27,490
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 55,145 26,345 28,795
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 29,655 13,555 16,100
In bottom decile 7,595 3,405 4,190
In second decile 5,700 2,475 3,230
In third decile 5,575 2,705 2,875
In fourth decile 5,445 2,575 2,870
In fifth decile 5,340 2,400 2,940
In top half of the Canadian distribution 25,495 12,795 12,700
In sixth decile 5,080 2,625 2,455
In seventh decile 5,140 2,560 2,575
In eighth decile 5,435 2,660 2,770
In ninth decile 5,205 2,555 2,645
In top decile 4,635 2,385 2,245
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 24,735 ... ...
Under $5,000 670 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 790 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 655 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,460 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,635 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,665 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,365 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,135 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 3,375 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,110 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,270 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,975 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 24,735 ... ...
Under $5,000 680 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 790 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 670 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,610 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,050 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,225 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,700 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,420 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 3,690 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,360 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,535 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,780 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,760 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 24,735 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 55,090 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 69,863 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 48,479 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 58,703 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 7,585 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,364 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,120 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,793 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,194 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 17,145 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 70,287 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 83,903 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,733 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,429 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 55,150 26,345 28,795
Less than 18 years 9,930 5,080 4,845
Less than 6 years 3,295 1,640 1,655
18 to 64 years 37,160 17,860 19,295
65 years and over 8,060 3,400 4,660
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 9,495 4,200 5,295
Less than 18 years 2,270 1,150 1,115
Less than 6 years 795 380 415
18 to 64 years 6,510 2,870 3,635
65 years and over 720 170 545
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.2 15.9 18.4
Less than 18 years (%) 22.9 22.6 23.0
Less than 6 years (%) 24.1 23.2 25.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.5 16.1 18.8
65 years and over (%) 8.9 5.0 11.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, CY, New Brunswick (Code 1310032) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Fredericton, CY, New Brunswick

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Census data

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Census data, Fredericton, CY, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton, CY
New Brunswick
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 56,224 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 50,535 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 11.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 26,714 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 24,732 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 427.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 131.67 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 56,225 26,700 29,530
0 to 4 years 2,810 1,370 1,435
5 to 9 years 2,665 1,310 1,355
10 to 14 years 2,790 1,475 1,315
15 to 19 years 3,245 1,605 1,640
15 years 545 275 275
16 years 605 300 305
17 years 605 290 320
18 years 675 360 320
19 years 820 385 430
20 to 24 years 5,425 2,655 2,770
25 to 29 years 4,695 2,350 2,345
30 to 34 years 3,860 1,925 1,935
35 to 39 years 3,600 1,745 1,855
40 to 44 years 3,535 1,680 1,850
45 to 49 years 3,925 1,850 2,070
50 to 54 years 3,850 1,830 2,020
55 to 59 years 3,640 1,660 1,980
60 to 64 years 3,395 1,570 1,825
65 to 69 years 2,495 1,135 1,355
70 to 74 years 2,040 940 1,105
75 to 79 years 1,615 675 940
80 to 84 years 1,265 505 760
85 years and over 1,385 415 970
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.7 36.9 40.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.3 84.4 86.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 47,955 22,540 25,420
Married or living with a common-law partner 26,250 13,125 13,125
Married (and not separated) 21,450 10,705 10,745
Living common law 4,805 2,420 2,385
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 21,700 9,415 12,285
Single (never legally married) 14,465 7,410 7,060
Separated 1,425 520 905
Divorced 2,935 975 1,955
Widowed 2,880 510 2,365
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 15,430 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 8,775 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 3,275 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 2,500 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 880 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 15,430 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 12,870 ... ...
Married couples 10,470 ... ...
Without children at home 5,495 ... ...
With children at home 4,970 ... ...
1 child 2,115 ... ...
2 children 2,115 ... ...
3 or more children 745 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,395 ... ...
Without children at home 1,625 ... ...
With children at home 770 ... ...
1 child 445 ... ...
2 children 225 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 2,565 ... ...
Female parent 2,125 ... ...
1 child 1,350 ... ...
2 children 600 ... ...
3 or more children 175 ... ...
Male parent 440 ... ...
1 child 305 ... ...
2 children 115 ... ...
3 or more children 20 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 13,720 ... ...
Under six years of age 3,375 ... ...
6 to 14 years 4,840 ... ...
15 to 17 years 1,700 ... ...
18 to 24 years 2,495 ... ...
25 years and over 1,310 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 55,145 26,270 28,875
Number of persons not in census families 13,130 5,835 7,300
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,050 430 625
Living with non-relatives only 4,505 2,470 2,035
Living alone 7,570 2,930 4,640
Number of census family persons 42,015 20,440 21,580
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 8,060 3,430 4,625
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 2,715 620 2,095
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 250 50 200
Living with non-relatives only 165 60 100
Living alone 2,300 510 1,790
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 5,345 2,810 2,535
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 24,730 ... ...
Census-family households 15,220 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 14,205 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 12,080 ... ...
Without children 6,665 ... ...
With children 5,415 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,125 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,020 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 815 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 525 ... ...
Without children 285 ... ...
With children 235 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 295 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 205 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,510 ... ...
One-person households 7,575 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,940 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 24,735 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,880 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 350 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,085 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 11,415 ... ...
Semi-detached house 695 ... ...
Row house 795 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,240 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,610 ... ...
Other single-attached house 75 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 24,730 ... ...
1 person 7,570 ... ...
2 persons 9,480 ... ...
3 persons 3,745 ... ...
4 persons 2,745 ... ...
5 persons 865 ... ...
6 or more persons 330 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 55,145 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 55,560 26,435 29,120
  Single responses  54,815 26,080 28,735
    English  47,130 22,350 24,780
    French  3,850 1,730 2,120
    Non-official languages  3,840 2,000 1,840
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  15 5 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,775 1,970 1,805
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 5 0
        Albanian  5 0 0
        Amharic  20 10 10
        Arabic  405 240 170
        Armenian  0 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Bengali  95 55 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  25 15 10
        Bulgarian  5 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  70 40 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  440 235 210
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  30 15 15
        Czech  10 5 10
        Danish  15 10 5
        Dutch  100 55 40
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  20 10 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  205 95 120
        Greek  20 10 10
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  90 45 45
        Hungarian  30 15 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  55 25 30
        Japanese  40 10 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  495 260 235
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  25 15 5
        Malayalam  10 0 5
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  170 90 85
        Marathi  15 5 5
        Nepali  45 20 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  205 115 90
        Polish  55 25 30
        Portuguese  40 20 25
        Romanian  80 40 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  130 75 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  65 35 30
        Serbo-Croatian  25 5 15
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  220 120 100
        Swahili  35 20 10
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  55 15 35
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  30 20 10
        Telugu  15 10 5
        Thai  30 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  25 10 10
        Ukrainian  20 5 15
        Urdu  60 35 30
        Vietnamese  40 20 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 50 30 25
  Multiple responses          740 355 385
    English and French  415 195 220
    English and non-official language  290 140 150
    French and non-official language  15 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 15 10 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 55,560 26,435 29,125
  English only 42,385 20,560 21,820
  French only 190 85 110
  English and French 12,745 5,670 7,070
  Neither English nor French 240 115 120
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 55,560 26,435 29,120
  English 51,210 24,455 26,750
  French 3,850 1,735 2,115
  English and French 280 145 140
  Neither English nor French 220 100 115
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 3,990 1,805 2,185
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 7.2 6.8 7.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 55,555 26,435 29,120
  Single responses 54,695 26,010 28,690
    English 50,395 23,935 26,460
    French 2,110 925 1,185
    Non-official languages 2,195 1,145 1,050
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,175 1,135 1,035
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 0 0
        Amharic 10 0 5
        Arabic 195 105 90
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 60 35 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 5
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 55 30 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 350 195 155
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 10 0 0
        Czech 5 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 5
        German 40 15 25
        Greek 5 0 5
        Gujarati 10 0 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 40 20 20
        Hungarian 5 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Italian 10 5 10
        Japanese 20 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 430 220 210
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 20 15 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 135 70 65
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 35 15 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 160 95 70
        Polish 20 10 15
        Portuguese 15 5 10
        Romanian 45 20 20
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10
        Russian 90 50 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 65 35 30
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 105 55 50
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 10
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 15 10 5
        Telugu 10 0 0
        Thai 5 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 0 5
        Turkish 10 5 10
        Ukrainian 5 0 5
        Urdu 35 15 25
        Vietnamese 30 20 10
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 15 10 10
  Multiple responses         860 430 430
    English and French 345 150 190
    English and non-official language 485 255 225
    French and non-official language 5 0 5
    English, French and non-official language 30 20 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 55,560 26,435 29,120
  None 50,080 23,890 26,195
  Single responses  5,340 2,485 2,860
    English  1,875 865 1,010
    French  2,155 955 1,195
    Non-official languages  1,315 660 655
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  20 5 10
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,225 620 605
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  10 0 5
        Arabic  185 105 80
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  20 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  5 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  90 45 45
        Creoles  10 0 5
        Croatian  5 5 0
        Czech  5 0 5
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  45 15 25
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  105 50 50
        Greek  5 0 5
        Gujarati  10 0 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  45 25 20
        Hungarian  20 10 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  15 10 10
        Japanese  15 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  40 25 15
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  30 15 15
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  25 15 15
        Polish  15 5 10
        Portuguese  15 5 5
        Romanian  20 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  30 20 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  130 65 65
        Swahili  45 20 25
        Swedish  10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  25 5 20
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  15 0 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 5
        Ukrainian  10 5 10
        Urdu  25 15 10
        Vietnamese  0 0 0
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 70 35 35
  Multiple responses          130 65 70
    English and French  20 10 10
    English and non-official language  30 20 10
    French and non-official language  80 35 45
    English, French and non-official language  0 5 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, CY, New Brunswick (Code 1310032) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Fredericton, City (Census Subdivision), New Brunswick

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Fredericton, CY, New Brunswick (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Fredericton, City (Census Subdivision), New Brunswick

2011 Census