NHS Profile, Québec, V, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Québec, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 502,595 243,640 258,960
Canadian citizens 489,315 237,015 252,300
Canadian citizens aged under 18 80,950 41,105 39,850
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 408,365 195,910 212,450
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 13,280 6,625 6,655
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 502,595 243,635 258,960
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 472,700 228,395 244,310
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 27,230 13,830 13,400
Before 1971 2,610 1,510 1,095
1971 to 1980 2,005 1,260 740
1981 to 1990 2,915 1,500 1,415
1991 to 2000 4,590 2,205 2,385
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 15,110 7,350 7,760
2001 to 2005 5,740 2,870 2,870
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,375 4,480 4,890
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,665 1,410 1,250
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 27,230 13,835 13,395
Under 5 years 3,920 1,885 2,030
5 to 14 years 4,360 2,190 2,170
15 to 24 years 4,535 2,325 2,210
25 to 44 years 12,995 6,745 6,250
45 years and over 1,420 680 740
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 502,600 243,640 258,960
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 472,705 228,395 244,310
Born in province of residence 462,355 223,170 239,180
Born outside province of residence 10,350 5,225 5,130
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 27,230 13,830 13,395
Americas 6,895 3,350 3,550
United States 825 385 440
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 610 295 315
Mexico 615 235 380
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 2,450 1,175 1,280
El Salvador 270 145 125
Peru 290 125 165
Chile 360 210 145
Other places of birth in Americas 1,435 765 675
Europe 10,020 5,255 4,770
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 215 145 70
Italy 280 190 95
Germany 525 230 300
Poland 160 70 90
Portugal 340 155 190
Netherlands 55 25 25
France 4,800 2,545 2,255
Romania 590 280 310
Russian Federation 280 130 150
Greece 50 25 25
Ukraine 140 50 95
Croatia 65 45 20
Hungary 55 15 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 710 340 370
Serbia 55 30 25
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,685 965 715
Africa 6,255 3,560 2,695
Morocco 1,255 725 525
Algeria 1,105 605 500
Egypt 180 110 70
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 30 15 15
Other places of birth in Africa 3,670 2,100 1,575
Asia 4,020 1,640 2,380
India 100 65 35
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,215 255 965
Philippines 70 20 50
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 15 0 10
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 530 270 255
Pakistan 25 0 20
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 145 80 70
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 105 65 40
Lebanon 260 130 135
Taiwan 65 30 30
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 80 15 65
Afghanistan 50 30 20
Japan 100 0 70
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 1,240 625 610
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 30 30 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 20 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,665 1,410 1,255
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 9,375 4,480 4,890
Americas 2,880 1,350 1,530
United States 70 50 20
Mexico 270 110 165
Cuba 130 75 55
Haiti 125 45 85
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 410 230 180
Colombia 1,465 650 810
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 75 35 45
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 20 0
Other places of birth in Americas 300 140 155
Europe 2,335 1,100 1,240
France 1,450 700 745
Germany 55 20 35
Poland 20 0 20
Romania 160 65 95
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 40 25 15
Russian Federation 130 50 80
Ukraine 60 30 30
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 30 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 400 185 215
Africa 2,850 1,485 1,365
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 375 170 210
Egypt 30 20 0
Morocco 535 285 245
Tunisia 285 180 110
Cameroon 275 135 140
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 165 65 105
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,180 635 545
Asia 1,295 545 750
Philippines 15 0 10
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 260 50 205
India 20 0 0
Pakistan 15 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 70 35 35
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 25 0 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 10 60
Lebanon 35 0 20
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 115 50 60
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 45 0 35
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 195 105 85
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 395 210 185
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 502,595 243,635 258,960
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 31,020 15,765 15,255
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 17,185 8,735 8,445
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 454,395 219,140 235,250
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 502,595 243,635 258,955
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 20,245 10,185 10,060
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 855 455 400
Chinese 1,710 560 1,150
Black 5,760 2,980 2,780
Filipino 95 35 60
Latin American 5,085 2,500 2,585
Arab 3,785 2,150 1,635
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,760 865 895
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 260 115 145
Korean 165 105 60
Japanese 205 100 105
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 255 155 95
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 315 170 150
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 482,350 233,450 248,900
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 502,595 243,635 258,960
North American Aboriginal origins 14,300 6,470 7,830
First Nations (North American Indian) 12,585 5,730 6,855
Inuit 215 90 125
Métis 1,765 775 990
Other North American origins 361,740 173,400 188,340
Acadian 2,575 1,170 1,405
American 2,090 990 1,105
Canadian 346,420 166,145 180,280
New Brunswicker 55 0 25
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 20 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 14,725 7,120 7,605
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 218,310 107,760 110,555
British Isles origins 39,480 19,275 20,200
Channel Islander 90 70 20
Cornish 0 0 0
English 7,745 3,920 3,820
Irish 26,605 12,700 13,905
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 9,570 4,685 4,885
Welsh 180 100 80
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 740 410 330
French origins 182,035 89,965 92,070
Alsatian 65 30 35
Breton 1,400 780 615
French 180,970 89,380 91,585
Western European origins (except French origins) 11,235 5,525 5,715
Austrian 220 110 115
Belgian 2,810 1,385 1,425
Dutch 790 390 405
Flemish 140 70 65
Frisian 0 0 0
German 6,615 3,225 3,390
Luxembourger 50 35 15
Swiss 1,065 580 490
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 65 30 35
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 790 410 380
Danish 175 100 75
Finnish 85 50 35
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 340 175 170
Swedish 155 80 75
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 50 20 35
Eastern European origins 4,395 2,090 2,305
Bulgarian 170 95 75
Byelorussian 85 0 60
Czech 140 70 65
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 45 20 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 630 265 360
Latvian 105 0 0
Lithuanian 80 30 45
Moldovan 45 30 10
Polish 1,230 590 640
Romanian 855 400 450
Russian 740 355 385
Slovak 110 70 45
Ukrainian 620 290 335
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 15 0 0
Southern European origins 11,580 5,575 6,000
Albanian 335 200 135
Bosnian 610 270 335
Croatian 165 85 80
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 485 200 285
Italian 5,680 2,795 2,885
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 10 0 10
Maltese 35 20 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,645 795 845
Serbian 235 145 90
Sicilian 40 0 25
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 2,895 1,400 1,500
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 140 80 65
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 840 410 435
Basque 205 115 85
Jewish 300 165 135
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 340 130 215
Caribbean origins 1,790 865 920
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 200 125 70
Dominican 120 70 55
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 1,190 570 620
Jamaican 125 50 75
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 40 10 25
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 40 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 100 30 70
Latin, Central and South American origins 6,050 2,925 3,125
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 250 90 160
Argentinian 70 40 35
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 75 30 40
Brazilian 430 255 175
Chilean 505 285 220
Colombian 2,630 1,230 1,405
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 70 40 30
Guatemalan 185 130 60
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 35 0 0
Honduran 40 0 20
Maya 55 0 40
Mexican 880 390 485
Nicaraguan 25 0 0
Panamanian 25 15 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 325 155 175
Salvadorean 435 215 220
Uruguayan 30 0 30
Venezuelan 75 45 25
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 95 65 30
African origins 8,945 4,880 4,060
Central and West African origins 2,580 1,360 1,220
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 115 75 40
Burkinabe 25 15 15
Cameroonian 480 255 230
Chadian 35 15 15
Congolese 630 320 305
Gabonese 70 30 35
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 15 0
Guinean 45 25 20
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 270 145 130
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 120 70 55
Nigerian 105 35 70
Peulh 30 25 0
Senegalese 400 200 200
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 215 130 80
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 235 120 110
North African origins 4,375 2,385 1,990
Algerian 1,045 570 480
Berber 650 375 280
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 350 180 170
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 30 15 20
Moroccan 1,460 725 740
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 955 570 385
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 180 90 95
Southern and East African origins 1,300 695 605
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 40 0 35
Burundian 485 280 205
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 25 0 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 165 90 75
Mauritian 50 25 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 385 205 185
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 15 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 20 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 150 80 70
Other African origins 1,030 575 445
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 110 75 35
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 955 515 440
Asian origins 8,640 4,205 4,430
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,230 1,800 1,435
Afghan 85 40 40
Arab, n.o.s. 1,360 795 565
Armenian 265 115 150
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 240 115 125
Iraqi 15 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 940 525 420
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 210 125 85
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 105 55 50
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 25 15 0
South Asian origins 820 430 385
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 380 215 165
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 300 145 150
Pakistani 50 25 25
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 10 0 0
Tamil 20 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 140 75 65
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,590 1,975 2,615
Burmese 120 65 55
Cambodian (Khmer) 620 280 340
Chinese 2,190 790 1,400
Filipino 115 40 75
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 25 0 10
Japanese 230 100 130
Korean 175 120 55
Laotian 115 65 55
Malaysian 60 25 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 15 0 0
Thai 80 35 45
Tibetan 20 0 0
Vietnamese 1,035 560 480
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 105 30 75
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 125 75 50
Australian 85 45 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 30 30 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 502,595 243,635 258,960
Buddhist 1,325 650 670
Christian 428,380 202,470 225,910
Anglican 545 260 285
Baptist 880 395 480
Catholic 415,025 195,790 219,230
Christian Orthodox 1,360 685 675
Lutheran 160 70 90
Pentecostal 1,360 695 670
Presbyterian 165 75 90
United Church 270 140 135
Other Christian 8,620 4,365 4,250
Hindu 360 185 175
Jewish 140 85 55
Muslim 6,125 3,320 2,805
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 20 0 0
Other religions 800 430 370
No religious affiliation 65,450 36,480 28,970
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 502,595 243,640 258,960
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,635 2,000 2,630
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,425 970 1,460
Métis single identity 1,765 895 870
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 100 30 70
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 95 30 65
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 245 75 165
Non-Aboriginal identity 497,965 241,630 256,330
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 502,595 243,635 258,955
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,760 660 1,105
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 500,835 242,980 257,855
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 502,595 243,635 258,960
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 14,300 6,475 7,830
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 12,585 5,730 6,855
Métis ancestry 1,765 775 995
Inuit ancestry 215 95 125
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 488,290 237,165 251,130
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 42,050 19,780 22,270
Aboriginal languages 310 90 220
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 40 25 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 175 50 125
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40 0 30
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 50 0 45
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,795 19,725 22,075
Italian 2,155 1,065 1,090
Portuguese 1,675 915 755
Romanian 600 305 295
Spanish 23,270 10,270 13,005
Dutch 370 195 175
Flemish 35 10 25
German 2,475 1,210 1,265
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 50 15 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 495 220 270
Bulgarian 140 75 65
Croatian 155 75 75
Czech 40 30 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 255 140 115
Russian 980 500 480
Serbian 130 70 60
Serbo-Croatian 300 135 165
Slovak 30 15 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 115 65 50
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 165 80 90
Armenian 95 35 60
Albanian 310 185 125
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 160 90 75
Turkish 75 45 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 160 75 80
Oromo 255 150 105
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 4,210 2,310 1,900
Hebrew 25 20 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 55 25 30
Gujarati 50 25 20
Hindi 100 55 50
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 30 15 10
Nepali 365 180 190
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 285 150 135
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 45 25 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 355 200 160
Korean 25 0 0
Cantonese 85 50 35
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 385 150 235
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 625 300 320
Lao 75 55 20
Thai 105 60 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 545 250 290
Vietnamese 660 325 335
Bisayan languages 20 0 15
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 20 20 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 50 15 35
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 235 100 135
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 205 195
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 180 100 85
Swahili 530 270 260
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 155 125
African languages, n.i.e. 145 85 55
Creoles 510 225 290
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,735 890 840
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 497,040 240,660 256,380
Non-movers 432,130 209,185 222,950
Movers 64,910 31,475 33,435
Non-migrants 49,030 23,740 25,290
Migrants 15,875 7,740 8,140
Internal migrants 12,970 6,365 6,605
Intraprovincial migrants 11,790 5,760 6,030
Interprovincial migrants 1,185 605 575
External migrants 2,905 1,365 1,535
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 477,900 231,205 246,690
Non-movers 285,965 136,850 149,120
Movers 191,930 94,360 97,575
Non-migrants 134,195 65,520 68,680
Migrants 57,740 28,840 28,895
Internal migrants 47,240 23,670 23,565
Intraprovincial migrants 44,110 22,065 22,045
Interprovincial migrants 3,130 1,610 1,520
External migrants 10,495 5,165 5,330
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 435,030 209,340 225,690
No certificate, diploma or degree 67,865 31,035 36,825
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 93,195 41,760 51,440
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 273,970 136,545 137,420
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 66,710 41,095 25,615
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 85,295 37,450 47,845
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 21,410 8,375 13,030
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 100,555 49,615 50,935
Bachelor's degree 61,815 28,775 33,035
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 38,740 20,840 17,895
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 285,795 140,810 144,985
No certificate, diploma or degree 24,710 12,730 11,980
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 52,620 24,800 27,820
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 208,465 103,285 105,180
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 51,145 30,910 20,240
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 61,170 27,605 33,565
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 14,055 5,505 8,545
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 82,090 39,265 42,830
Bachelor's degree 50,680 23,685 26,990
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 31,415 15,575 15,835
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 435,030 209,340 225,690
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 161,065 72,795 88,270
Education 21,520 5,405 16,120
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 12,345 5,705 6,635
Humanities 18,175 8,000 10,175
Social and behavioural sciences and law 27,985 11,450 16,535
Business, management and public administration 62,235 23,965 38,275
Physical and life sciences and technologies 10,990 6,225 4,760
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 13,695 9,345 4,345
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 48,555 44,705 3,845
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 5,270 3,315 1,950
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 34,665 7,840 26,830
Personal, protective and transportation services 18,350 10,515 7,835
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 185 70 115
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 435,025 209,335 225,690
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 161,060 72,795 88,265
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 273,970 136,545 137,420
Location of study inside Canada 261,775 129,730 132,045
Same as province or territory of residence 256,405 126,560 129,850
Another province or territory 5,365 3,175 2,195
Location of study outside Canada 12,195 6,815 5,380
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 303,885 156,230 147,650
Single responses 297,585 152,715 144,870
English 5,375 3,195 2,175
French 291,870 149,370 142,500
Non-official languages 345 150 195
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 25 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 175 60 115
Korean 0 0 0
German 15 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 10 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 95 45 55
Multiple responses 6,300 3,520 2,780
English and French 5,720 3,250 2,475
English and non-official language 50 0 45
French and non-official language 300 160 140
English, French and non-official language 235 105 130
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 303,885 156,235 147,650
English 5,370 3,195 2,180
French 291,870 149,370 142,500
Non-official language 345 150 195
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 335 150 190
English and French 5,720 3,250 2,470
English and non-official language 45 0 45
French and non-official language 300 160 140
English, French and non-official language 230 105 130
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 435,025 209,340 225,690
In the labour force 283,980 146,380 137,600
Employed 270,505 138,775 131,735
Unemployed 13,470 7,610 5,860
Not in the labour force 151,050 62,955 88,090
Participation rate 65.3 69.9 61.0
Employment rate 62.2 66.3 58.4
Unemployment rate 4.7 5.2 4.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 283,980 146,380 137,600
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 4,150 2,040 2,105
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 279,835 144,340 135,490
Employee 257,985 130,705 127,285
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 21,850 13,635 8,210
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 283,980 146,380 137,595
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,145 2,040 2,105
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 279,835 144,340 135,495
0 Management occupations 23,280 14,675 8,605
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 51,980 16,320 35,660
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 26,020 19,445 6,575
3 Health occupations 21,510 4,955 16,555
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 36,880 14,595 22,290
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 9,445 4,700 4,740
6 Sales and service occupations 72,610 34,895 37,715
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 29,685 28,365 1,315
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,520 1,325 195
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 6,910 5,070 1,845
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 283,980 146,380 137,600
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,150 2,040 2,105
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 279,835 144,340 135,495
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 815 475 340
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 330 260 70
22 Utilities 1,685 1,230 460
23 Construction 12,935 11,540 1,385
31-33 Manufacturing 17,145 12,395 4,750
41 Wholesale trade 8,535 6,150 2,385
44-45 Retail trade 36,160 17,685 18,480
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 10,065 8,090 1,975
51 Information and cultural industries 5,520 3,510 2,005
52 Finance and insurance 11,640 4,125 7,520
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,340 2,610 1,725
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 21,715 13,015 8,700
55 Management of companies and enterprises 115 70 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 10,915 6,725 4,185
61 Educational services 21,130 7,910 13,225
62 Health care and social assistance 37,130 8,945 28,180
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,170 2,690 2,480
72 Accommodation and food services 21,520 10,855 10,670
81 Other services (except public administration) 12,660 5,785 6,875
91 Public administration 40,305 20,270 20,040
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 283,980 146,380 137,600
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,040 5,290 5,750
Worked in 2010 272,940 141,090 131,845
1 to 13 weeks 10,550 5,175 5,375
14 to 26 weeks 17,520 8,545 8,970
27 to 39 weeks 16,660 8,810 7,850
40 to 48 weeks 49,220 25,450 23,770
49 to 52 weeks 178,995 93,105 85,890
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.6 45.8 45.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 283,980 146,380 137,595
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,040 5,290 5,750
Worked in 2010 272,935 141,090 131,850
Worked full-time in 2010 220,475 119,990 100,485
Worked part-time in 2010 52,460 21,100 31,365
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 270,505 138,770 131,735
Worked at home 11,765 5,590 6,175
Worked outside Canada 625 480 145
No fixed workplace address 20,495 15,205 5,285
Worked at usual place 237,620 117,490 120,130
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 258,115 132,700 125,420
Car, truck or van - as a driver 183,525 100,315 83,210
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 10,690 3,415 7,270
Public transit 37,875 15,200 22,675
Walked 19,985 9,645 10,340
Bicycle 4,160 3,080 1,080
Other methods 1,880 1,040 845
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 258,115 132,700 125,415
Median commuting duration 20.0 20.0 20.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 258,115 132,695 125,415
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 53,710 37,405 16,300
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 159,870 72,570 87,305
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 44,535 22,720 21,810
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 245,365 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 231,725 ... ...
Major repairs needed 13,645 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 245,365 ... ...
1960 or before 61,800 ... ...
1961 to 1980 84,950 ... ...
1981 to 1990 41,515 ... ...
1991 to 2000 26,515 ... ...
2001 to 2005 13,605 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 16,975 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 245,365 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 110,560 ... ...
5 rooms 40,605 ... ...
6 rooms 25,470 ... ...
7 rooms 21,535 ... ...
8 or more rooms 47,200 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 245,365 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 58,230 ... ...
2 bedrooms 84,095 ... ...
3 bedrooms 68,060 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 34,980 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 245,370 ... ...
Owner 129,870 ... ...
Renter 115,500 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 245,365 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 35,060 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 210,305 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 245,365 ... ...
1 household maintainer 159,605 ... ...
2 household maintainers 82,960 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,800 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 245,365 ... ...
Under 25 years 12,750 ... ...
25 to 34 years 40,860 ... ...
35 to 44 years 34,915 ... ...
45 to 54 years 48,755 ... ...
55 to 64 years 48,240 ... ...
65 to 74 years 33,000 ... ...
75 years and over 26,840 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 245,365 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 244,000 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,365 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 245,365 ... ...
Suitable 237,915 ... ...
Not suitable 7,450 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 245,105 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 189,680 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 55,420 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 46,845 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 129,815 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 874 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 933 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 229,482 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 250,313 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 115,500 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 34.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 655 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 704 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 435,030 209,340 225,690
Without income 13,300 5,385 7,920
With income 421,725 203,955 217,770
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 28,170 13,765 14,405
$5,000 to $9,999 29,775 11,430 18,345
$10,000 to $14,999 41,525 15,745 25,775
$15,000 to $19,999 40,700 15,850 24,855
$20,000 to $29,999 62,155 26,490 35,665
$30,000 to $39,999 64,085 30,595 33,490
$40,000 to $49,999 51,170 25,150 26,020
$50,000 to $59,999 35,010 19,475 15,535
$60,000 to $79,999 39,515 24,585 14,930
$80,000 to $99,999 14,880 9,950 4,935
$100,000 and over 14,730 10,920 3,810
$100,000 to $124,999 7,065 5,040 2,025
$125,000 and over 7,660 5,875 1,785
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,400 36,117 27,053
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,907 43,858 32,334
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 435,030 209,340 225,690
Without after-tax income 13,350 5,380 7,965
With after-tax income 421,680 203,955 217,725
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 29,405 13,995 15,415
$5,000 to $9,999 31,505 11,555 19,950
$10,000 to $14,999 41,615 16,135 25,480
$15,000 to $19,999 45,385 18,095 27,285
$20,000 to $29,999 79,875 35,910 43,970
$30,000 to $39,999 77,925 38,150 39,780
$40,000 to $49,999 51,265 27,730 23,540
$50,000 to $59,999 30,080 18,545 11,535
$60,000 to $79,999 22,560 14,760 7,800
$80,000 to $99,999 6,125 4,540 1,585
$100,000 and over 5,940 4,545 1,390
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,003 31,523 24,624
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,461 35,587 27,596
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.6 90.3 82.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.8 73.8 67.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 65.9 67.9 63.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.0 5.9 3.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.5 3.8 3.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.8 11.3 10.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.4 1.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.4 9.7 18.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.2 3.6 5.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.8 2.7 5.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.4 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.2 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 1.9 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.0 18.9 14.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.0 81.1 85.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.5 2.0 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 154,130 83,345 70,780
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,739 46,954 39,086
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 49,957 55,152 43,839
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 141,185 ... ...
Median family income ($) 73,477 ... ...
Average family income ($) 85,696 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,183 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,593 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 65,735 ... ...
Median family income ($) 66,786 ... ...
Average family income ($) 77,875 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,467 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,681 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 51,030 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,848 ... ...
Average family income ($) 109,252 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,377 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,471 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 20,885 ... ...
Median family income ($) 49,746 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,015 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,178 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,324 ... ...
Average family size 2.4 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 118,115 53,765 64,345
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,910 30,373 26,127
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,911 34,958 31,201
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,262 26,690 24,158
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,938 29,167 26,912
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 502,595 243,640 258,955
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 266,030 123,965 142,065
In bottom decile 45,960 21,980 23,985
In second decile 50,930 21,255 29,675
In third decile 49,805 22,845 26,955
In fourth decile 58,380 27,985 30,395
In fifth decile 60,945 29,905 31,040
In top half of the Canadian distribution 236,570 119,670 116,895
In sixth decile 62,085 30,510 31,570
In seventh decile 55,735 27,875 27,860
In eighth decile 49,130 25,305 23,820
In ninth decile 40,155 20,600 19,555
In top decile 29,465 15,380 14,085
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 245,365 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,800 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,845 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,560 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 25,000 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 29,265 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 25,490 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,165 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 35,295 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 25,605 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,345 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,770 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,770 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 245,365 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,895 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,900 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,625 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 16,730 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 31,280 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 35,290 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 29,065 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,970 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 37,335 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 22,195 ... ...
$100,000 and over 25,075 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,965 ... ...
$125,000 and over 11,110 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 245,365 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 51,775 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 65,153 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 45,119 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 54,069 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 94,590 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,174 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 35,122 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,065 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 29,613 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 150,780 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 71,905 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 83,993 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,972 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 69,411 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 502,595 243,640 258,960
Less than 18 years 83,650 42,445 41,200
Less than 6 years 28,865 14,580 14,285
18 to 64 years 334,800 165,435 169,365
65 years and over 84,145 35,755 48,390
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 72,590 31,390 41,200
Less than 18 years 10,205 5,000 5,205
Less than 6 years 3,415 1,710 1,710
18 to 64 years 47,440 22,175 25,265
65 years and over 14,950 4,220 10,730
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.4 12.9 15.9
Less than 18 years (%) 12.2 11.8 12.6
Less than 6 years (%) 11.8 11.7 12.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9
65 years and over (%) 17.8 11.8 22.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Québec, V, Quebec (Code 2423027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Québec, V, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Québec, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 516,622 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 491,142 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 255,785 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 245,365 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,137.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 454.10 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 516,620 248,620 268,005
0 to 4 years 24,565 12,425 12,140
5 to 9 years 20,900 10,615 10,280
10 to 14 years 22,090 11,305 10,785
15 to 19 years 28,365 14,210 14,155
15 years 5,140 2,605 2,535
16 years 5,140 2,640 2,500
17 years 5,680 2,825 2,855
18 years 5,855 2,895 2,955
19 years 6,550 3,240 3,315
20 to 24 years 37,200 18,260 18,935
25 to 29 years 38,200 19,735 18,465
30 to 34 years 36,310 18,715 17,600
35 to 39 years 29,805 15,440 14,365
40 to 44 years 30,165 15,145 15,020
45 to 49 years 37,935 18,820 19,110
50 to 54 years 41,805 20,300 21,505
55 to 59 years 39,425 18,680 20,745
60 to 64 years 35,875 16,855 19,025
65 to 69 years 29,255 13,445 15,805
70 to 74 years 21,120 9,290 11,835
75 to 79 years 17,415 7,120 10,285
80 to 84 years 13,555 4,880 8,675
85 years and over 12,645 3,375 9,265
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.5 41.2 45.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.9 86.2 87.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 449,065 214,270 234,795
Married or living with a common-law partner 238,920 119,700 119,220
Married (and not separated) 131,990 65,985 66,000
Living common law 106,930 53,715 53,215
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 210,150 94,570 115,580
Single (never legally married) 142,865 74,240 68,620
Separated 6,930 2,955 3,980
Divorced 32,875 12,295 20,585
Widowed 27,480 5,090 22,395
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 139,940 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 81,935 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 28,305 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 22,245 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 7,450 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 139,940 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 117,615 ... ...
Married couples 64,210 ... ...
Without children at home 38,060 ... ...
With children at home 26,150 ... ...
1 child 11,185 ... ...
2 children 10,690 ... ...
3 or more children 4,275 ... ...
Common-law couples 53,405 ... ...
Without children at home 29,125 ... ...
With children at home 24,280 ... ...
1 child 10,970 ... ...
2 children 10,410 ... ...
3 or more children 2,905 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 22,325 ... ...
Female parent 16,855 ... ...
1 child 11,090 ... ...
2 children 4,635 ... ...
3 or more children 1,135 ... ...
Male parent 5,465 ... ...
1 child 3,665 ... ...
2 children 1,520 ... ...
3 or more children 285 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 119,585 ... ...
Under six years of age 28,805 ... ...
6 to 14 years 38,330 ... ...
15 to 17 years 15,470 ... ...
18 to 24 years 26,070 ... ...
25 years and over 10,905 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 502,595 243,640 258,960
Number of persons not in census families 125,460 57,370 68,090
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,955 3,420 4,535
Living with non-relatives only 22,815 13,155 9,660
Living alone 94,685 40,790 53,895
Number of census family persons 377,140 186,270 190,865
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 83,450 35,320 48,120
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 34,030 9,085 24,945
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,335 540 1,790
Living with non-relatives only 1,600 750 850
Living alone 30,095 7,790 22,300
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 49,420 26,235 23,180
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 245,365 ... ...
Census-family households 139,045 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 133,865 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 113,665 ... ...
Without children 64,715 ... ...
With children 48,945 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 20,200 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 5,185 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 4,300 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,755 ... ...
Without children 1,635 ... ...
With children 1,120 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,550 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 885 ... ...
Non-census-family households 106,320 ... ...
One-person households 94,690 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 11,635 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 245,365 ... ...
Single-detached house 78,560 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 19,885 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,255 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 145,665 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,430 ... ...
Row house 6,030 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 17,335 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 108,555 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,315 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 245,365 ... ...
1 person 94,685 ... ...
2 persons 87,800 ... ...
3 persons 30,920 ... ...
4 persons 23,310 ... ...
5 persons 6,455 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,190 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 502,595 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 509,915 245,920 263,995
  Single responses  505,555 243,650 261,905
    English  7,370 3,855 3,510
    French  478,395 229,785 248,610
    Non-official languages  19,790 10,010 9,780
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 300 115 180
        Atikamekw    35 15 15
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  250 100 155
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 18,865 9,525 9,340
        African languages, n.i.e 50 25 30
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  195 105 90
        Amharic  5 5 10
        Arabic  2,985 1,720 1,260
        Armenian  40 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 55 50
        Bengali  65 30 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  130 80 50
        Bisayan languages  10 0 10
        Bosnian  610 310 305
        Bulgarian  185 85 95
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  115 60 55
        Chinese, n.o.s.  575 290 285
        Creoles  305 160 145
        Croatian  85 45 40
        Czech  40 20 20
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  110 55 55
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  5 5 5
        Flemish  25 5 15
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  375 150 230
        Greek  100 55 45
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 0
        Hindi  35 20 20
        Hungarian  110 50 55
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 80 40 50
        Italian  505 285 215
        Japanese  110 40 75
        Khmer (Cambodian)  330 145 180
        Korean  20 15 10
        Kurdish  30 20 10
        Lao  95 50 45
        Latvian  5 5 0
        Lingala  80 40 40
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  230 110 125
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  525 275 255
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 275 165 110
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  215 120 100
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  355 185 175
        Polish  250 110 140
        Portuguese  990 485 505
        Romanian  605 295 310
        Rundi (Kirundi)  305 155 145
        Russian  410 175 240
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  225 105 120
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  165 80 85
        Serbo-Croatian  200 100 105
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 10
        Sindhi  0 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  15 10 10
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  10 5 10
        Spanish  5,080 2,445 2,635
        Swahili  375 200 175
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  50 15 35
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 10
        Telugu  0 0 5
        Thai  35 10 30
        Tibetan languages  10 5 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 5
        Turkish  50 30 20
        Ukrainian  45 20 25
        Urdu  20 10 5
        Vietnamese  695 335 360
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 630 365 265
  Multiple responses          4,360 2,270 2,090
    English and French  2,315 1,195 1,115
    English and non-official language  175 90 85
    French and non-official language  1,705 895 810
    English, French and non-official language 165 90 70
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 509,915 245,915 263,995
  English only 1,130 615 520
  French only 316,635 139,735 176,900
  English and French 190,630 104,900 85,730
  Neither English nor French 1,520 670 850
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 509,915 245,915 263,995
  English 8,410 4,380 4,025
  French 496,185 238,790 257,400
  English and French 3,895 2,115 1,775
  Neither English nor French 1,425 630 800
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 10,355 5,440 4,910
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.0 2.2 1.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 509,915 245,920 263,995
  Single responses 504,135 243,005 261,130
    English 5,165 2,625 2,540
    French 488,430 235,225 253,205
    Non-official languages 10,540 5,155 5,390
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 135 55 80
        Atikamekw   10 5 5
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 115 45 70
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,140 4,965 5,180
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 130 65 65
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 1,140 585 555
        Armenian 30 15 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Bengali 60 25 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 35 15 15
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 440 225 210
        Bulgarian 125 65 60
        Burmese 0 0 5
        Cantonese 55 30 30
        Chinese, n.o.s. 460 230 230
        Creoles 70 35 35
        Croatian 35 20 20
        Czech 10 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 15 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 55 25 35
        Greek 25 10 10
        Gujarati 15 5 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 0 5
        Hindi 20 10 10
        Hungarian 30 20 20
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Italian 100 40 55
        Japanese 50 20 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 165 70 100
        Korean 10 5 0
        Kurdish 15 10 5
        Lao 35 20 15
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 25 10 10
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 165 85 80
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 510 265 245
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 30 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 0 5
        Pashto 0 0 5
        Persian (Farsi) 260 130 130
        Polish 80 40 45
        Portuguese 555 275 280
        Romanian 390 195 190
        Rundi (Kirundi) 90 45 45
        Russian 255 120 135
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 130 65 65
        Serbo-Croatian 140 65 70
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20
        Sindhi 5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 10 0 5
        Spanish 3,395 1,615 1,780
        Swahili 180 95 85
        Swedish 5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 10 5 10
        Telugu 0 0 5
        Thai 15 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 5
        Ukrainian 25 10 10
        Urdu 5 5 0
        Vietnamese 450 210 240
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 265 135 130
  Multiple responses         5,780 2,915 2,865
    English and French 2,000 1,040 955
    English and non-official language 155 75 80
    French and non-official language 3,260 1,600 1,660
    English, French and non-official language 370 200 170
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 509,915 245,920 263,995
  None 474,870 227,455 247,410
  Single responses  33,540 17,705 15,835
    English  19,055 10,420 8,630
    French  7,465 3,710 3,760
    Non-official languages  7,025 3,575 3,445
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 115 55 65
        Atikamekw    10 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  95 45 50
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,580 3,360 3,220
        African languages, n.i.e 40 20 15
        Afrikaans  0 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  35 20 10
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,265 725 540
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  65 40 25
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  105 50 55
        Bulgarian  25 15 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 20 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  75 40 35
        Creoles  215 100 115
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  10 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  40 20 20
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  175 85 95
        Greek  35 15 20
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  30 15 20
        Hungarian  35 20 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  230 115 110
        Japanese  70 35 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  125 65 60
        Korean  10 5 5
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  25 10 15
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  70 35 35
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  0 5 0
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  35 20 15
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 130 75 60
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  70 40 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  50 25 25
        Polish  75 30 45
        Portuguese  275 135 140
        Romanian  130 60 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  130 70 65
        Russian  115 45 70
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  95 45 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  30 15 20
        Serbo-Croatian  55 30 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 25 30
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,035 995 1,035
        Swahili  170 95 80
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  20 5 10
        Tibetan languages  5 0 5
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 0
        Ukrainian  10 5 10
        Urdu  10 5 0
        Vietnamese  175 90 85
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 325 160 165
  Multiple responses          1,505 755 750
    English and French  380 205 180
    English and non-official language  920 445 470
    French and non-official language  175 85 85
    English, French and non-official language  30 15 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Québec, V, Quebec (Code 2423027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Québec, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Québec, V, Quebec (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Québec, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • NHS Data Tables, Québec, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec